Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2573
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Wei Xiao-Er - - 2013
To use DCE-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging to evaluate the hyperbaric oxygen efficacy (HBO) in experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI). Forty-two rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: TBI, TBI + HBO, sham group, sham + HBO. The TBI + HBO and sham + HBO received a total of 10 HBO treatments within 7 days following TBI, ...
McMahon Paul J - - 2013
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI), or concussion, is a major public health concern. There is controversy in the literature regarding the true incidence of post-concussion syndrome (PCS), with the constellation of physical, cognitive, emotional and sleep symptoms after mTBI. In the current study, we report the incidence and evolution of ...
Amiri Amir Reza - - 2013
Despite the significant interest in the assessment of human cerebral perfusion, investigations into human spinal cord perfusion (SCP) are scarce. Current intraoperative monitoring of spinal cord relies on the assessment of neural conduction as a surrogate for SCP. However, there are various inherent limitations associated with the use of these ...
Wang Yifan - - 2013
Electrothermal injury of common bile duct is a frequent type of biliary injury. A long-term postoperative course and biliary leakage after removing T-tube are associated with external drainage. A method was developed to repair the injury with a degradable biliary stent instead of T-tube insertion. Pigs were divided into a ...
Sayılır S - - 2013
Study design:Retrospective study.Objectives:To analyze the neurogenic bladder characteristics and treatment approaches in patients with upper and lower cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) in order to make proper and reasonable decisions to the relevant patients.Setting:Rehabilitation center in Ankara, Turkey.Method:Ninety patients with cervical SCI were included. The urodynamic analyses of the patients ...
Mutschler Manuel - - 2013
Isolated vital signs, e.g. heart rate (HR) or systolic blood pressure (SBP), have been shown to be unreliable in the assessment of hypovolaemic shock. In contrast, the Shock Index (SI), defined by the ratio of HR to SBP, has been advocated to better risk-stratify patients for increased transfusion requirements and ...
Sağlam Necdet - - 2013
The very rare isolated medial humeral condyle fractures in children and adolescents pose significant problems to orthopedic surgeons such as ulnar nerve injury, trochlear irregularities, fishtail deformity and motion loss. Six adolescent boys with displaced medial humeral condyle fractures with an average age of 14.8 (range 12-17) were included in ...
Al-Shanafey Saud N - - 2013
Object The authors undertook this study to assess the effect of preterm delivery with respect to neural protection in a congenital myelomeningocele (MMC) mouse model. Methods After confirmation of pregnancy in 15 female mice, a congenital MMC model was produced by administration of retinoic acid on the 7th day of ...
Garabekyan Tigran - - 2013
Halo-gravity traction has been used preoperatively for patients with severe spinal deformity but there are limited data in the literature on the results and complications. We studied the outcomes of perioperative halo-gravity traction in children with severe spinal deformity. A retrospective study was carried out on patients who were treated ...
Jamale Tukaram E - - 2013
Optimum timing of the initiation of dialysis therapy in acute kidney injury is not clear. Prospective, open label, 2-arm, randomized, controlled trial. 208 adults with acute kidney injury with progressively worsening azotemia at the artificial kidney dialysis unit of a tertiary-care referral center in western India. Earlier-start dialysis was initiated ...
Adalbert Schiller - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in a cohort of surgically treated patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and its association with the short-term and long-term outcome. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on all the ...
Elsharnouby Noha M - - 2013
Nebulized heparin may reduce fibrin cast formation and reduce the degree of airway obstruction in burn inhalation injury. Twenty-nine patients admitted to burn intensive care unit (ICU) within 24 hours of burn inhalation injury were included in this prospective double-blinded randomized study. Group H5 received nebulized heparin sulfate 5,000 IU, ...
Huang Yu-Hua - - 2013
With the use of decompressive craniectomy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) come a corresponding number of cranioplasties. TBI causes dynamic processes to commence or change during the period from injury to recovery; hence, the role of the timing of surgical intervention should be emphasized. We attempt to identify the relationship ...
Lapar Damien J - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine whether an established protocol-driven approach to cardiac reoperations would improve patient outcomes and reduce resternotomy injuries. From 1995 to 2010, 946 patients undergoing cardiac reoperations were stratified into reoperative protocol (n = 344, age = 61 ± 17 years) vs no-protocol (n = 602, age = ...
Lucas Sylvia - - 2013
Headache is one of the most common and persistent symptoms following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The current study examines the prevalence and characteristics of headache following mild TBI (mTBI). We prospectively enrolled 212 subjects within one week of mTBI who were hospitalized for observation or other system injuries in a ...
Iba Kousuke - - 2013
To evaluate a reconstructive method for chronic radial collateral ligament (RCL) injuries of the thumb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint using a combination of RCL advancement and the transfer of a half-slip of the abductor pollicis brevis tendon. Eight patients (4 male and 4 female; mean age, 25 y) with chronic RCL ...
Skinner D L - - 2013
This study aimed to identify the incidence and outcomes of patients with trauma related acute kidney injury (AKI), as defined by RIFLE criteria, at a single level I trauma centre and trauma ICU. We performed a retrospective observational study of 666 patients admitted to a trauma ICU from a level ...
Zeng Jingsong - - 2013
Object The authors undertook this study to evaluate the effects of continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring-directed mannitol treatment on kidney function in patients with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods One hundred sixty-eight patients with TBI were prospectively assigned to an ICP monitoring group or a conventional treatment ...
Tu Yuan-Kun - - 2013
Purpose: We conducted a clinical study to evaluate the effects of neurotization, especially comparing the total contralateral C7 (CC7) root transfer to hemi-CC7 transfer, on total root avulsion brachial plexus injuries (BPI). Methods: Forty patients who received neurotization for BPI were enrolled in this prospective study. Group 1 (n = ...
Pizanis A - - 2013
Emergency devices for pelvic ring stabilization include circumferential sheets, pelvic binders, and c-clamps. Our knowledge of the outcome of these techniques is currently based on limited information. Using the dataset of the German Pelvic Trauma Registry, demographic and injury-associated characteristics as well as the outcome of pelvic fracture patients after ...
Chao Chia-Ter - - 2013
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is rising, particularly among the elderly. However, the optimal risk stratification scheme for these patients is unknown. The Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) classification application in geriatric patients has not been previously confirmed. In this multicenter study, elderly patients (>65 years old) who ...
Kottner J - - 2013
Objective: To characterise the long-term course of epidermal regeneration in a suction-blister wound model in healthy humans. Method: A single-centre, prospective cohort study was conducted. Suction blister wounds of 8mm diameter were created on the volar forearms of healthy volunteers. Planimetry was used to measure the wound surface area. Transepidermal ...
Xu Hong-Hai - - 2013
The traditional lamina osteotomy replantation method is prone to nerve root injury and low back pain recurrence. Our team has proposed a modified approach that improves the osteotomy site and its fixation procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of traditional and modified lamina replantation ...
Premru Vladimir - - 2013
Serum creatine kinase (CK) is routinely used as a marker in the assessment of rhabdomyolysis and acute myoglobinuric kidney injury (Mb-AKI), while the use of myoglobin is much less explored in this respect. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence of Mb-AKI (creatinine [Cr] > 200 μmol/L) and the need for hemodialysis (HD) in 484 ...
Fabris L K - - 2013
Spinal anaesthesia is the most preferred anaesthetic technique for elective as well as for unplanned Caesarean sections. Spinal-induced hypotension remains the most important side effect with a reported incidence between 20% and 100%. It can cause -maternal discomfort (nausea and vomiting) and impaired utero-placental perfusion. The present study was designed ...
Gerhardt Robert T - - 2013
This study aimed to analyze demographic, epidemiologic, temporal, and outcome data from an integrated trauma registry of patients undergoing initial stabilization and transfer within a mature domestic trauma network; compare data with a companion subset from the Department of Defense Trauma Registry. Texas Trauma Service Area-P is composed of 25 ...
Ren Jianjun - - 2013
The aim of this study was to observe the impact of dexmedetomidine on postoperative myocardial injury in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting. One hundred and sixty-two patients who were undergoing OPCAB surgery were randomly divided into control and dexmedetomidine groups (groups C and Dex, respectively). Following the ...
Gokeler A - - 2013
Current clinical outcome measurements may overestimate the long term success of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). There is a need to understand biomechanics of the knee joint during daily activities. This systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of the literature related to gait in patients following ACLR. The purpose of ...
Zhou Jianwei - - 2013
Although percutaneous vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty have improved the management of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), these techniques still suffer from inherent disadvantages and complications, such as cement leakage. This prospective pilot study evaluated the clinical outcomes of 15 OVCF patients treated with a new technique, the Crosstrees pod kyphoplasty ...
Wolf Michael J MJ Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. - - 2013
Acute kidney injury is a common comorbidity for children placed on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) because of primary cardiac disease. Continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) can optimize fluid status and lessen inflammatory response during ECMO. However, published data are derived primarily from children without primary cardiac disease. A retrospective analysis of ...
Bonfill Xavier - - 2013
Patients with non-acute spinal cord injury that carry indwelling urinary catheters have an increased risk of urinary tract infection (UTIs). Antiseptic Silver Alloy-Coated Silicone Urinary Catheters seems to be a promising intervention to reduce UTIs; however, actual evidence cannot be extrapolated to spinal cord injured patients. The aim of this ...
León-Carrión José - - 2013
Abstract Primary objective: To determine whether early neurorehabilitation improves a patient's functional recovery. Research design: A retrospective study was carried out on patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) who underwent a minimum of 4 months of integral and multidisciplinary neurorehabilitation. Methods and procedures: Fifty-eight patients with severe TBI were ...
Borgstrom Per Henrik - - 2013
The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate the use of a gyroscope sensor to record rotations of the tibia about its long axis during a clinical pivot shift examination. Ten patients with a unilateral ACL injury were tested under anaesthesia prior to surgery. Each ankle was placed in ...
Conley Yvette P - - 2013
Patient outcomes are variable following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI); however the biological underpinnings explaining this variability are unclear. Mitochondrial dysfunction after TBI is well documented, particularly in animal studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of mitochondrial polymorphisms on mitochondrial function and patient outcomes out ...
Hwang Kyu-Tae - - 2013
To determine whether MoM THA with a small head is still worthy of use, we investigated survivorship, complications, and factors influencing failure. Of 149 consecutive patients (195 hips), 141 (180 hips) of mean age 43 (19-55) years were available for review at a mean of 14.4years postoperatively. Survivorship for cup ...
Thewlis Dominic - - 2013
Preoperative function has been shown to persist posttotal knee arthroplasty. However, it remains unclear whether asymmetries are task specific. Therefore, we investigated postoperative asymmetries in loading during quiet stance and walking gait. Ten patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis scheduled for total knee arthroplasty were studied at baseline (preoperative), 6-week, 3- ...
Piffaretti Gabriele - - 2013
Consistent long-term follow-up data of thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR) for acute blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) are largely absent at this time. The late outcomes of TEVAR for BTAI are the focus of this study to evaluate the durability of this type of repair. The records of 46 consecutive cases ...
Won Ho Hyun - - 2013
Failed ACL reconstruction frequently is accompanied by irreparable medial meniscal tear and/or visible osteoarthritis (OA) in the medial tibiofemoral joint. Thus, assessment for the presence of varus malalignment is important in caring for patients in whom revision ACL reconstruction is considered. We determined whether patients undergoing revision ACL reconstruction (1) ...
Galvin Imelda M - - 2013
Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are syndromes of severe respiratory failure that are associated with substantial mortality and morbidity. Artifical ventilatory support is commonly required and may exacerbate lung injury. Partial liquid ventilation (PLV) has been proposed as a less injurious form of ventilatory support ...
Scrascia Giuseppe - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac operations is a serious complication associated with postoperative mortality. Multiple factors contribute to AKI development, principally ischemia-reperfusion injury and inflammatory response. It is well proven that glucocorticoid administration, leukocyte filter application, and miniaturized extracorporeal circuits (MECC) modulate inflammatory response. We conducted a systematic review ...
Yoshimoto Mitsunori - - 2013
Management of lumbar disc herniation in athletes is challenging because a prolonged period of postoperative rehabilitation prevents the athlete from participating in sporting activity, resulting in loss of competitive form. No study reporting the clinical results of microendoscopic discectomy (MED) in athletes was identified in a literature search through PubMed, ...
Chen Xu - - 2013
To compare thermal and mechanical clear corneal incision (CCI) injuries after conventional and torsional phacoemulsification. A prospective, randomized clinical study. A total of 80 eyes were evaluated for the profile of the incision at 1 day and 3 months postoperatively. The wound architecture was recorded with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). ...
Khan Saad Akhtar - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the risk factors associated with poor outcome of decompressive craniectomy (DC) for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in pediatric patients. This retrospective study is conducted on pediatric population (age 1-15 years) presenting with TBI who underwent DC at our institute between January 2000 and 2010. Based ...
Zhou Shan - - 2013
Although 1-stop hybrid coronary revascularization offers potential benefits for selected patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, the exposure to contrast dye and potent antiplatelet drugs could increase the risk of postoperative acute kidney injury and coagulopathy. The goal of the present study was to compare the measures of renal function, ...
Hassan Sameena - - 2013
Hypertrophic scarring (HTS) is defined as a scar, which is raised above the skin level and remains within the confines of the original lesion. The authors hypothesize that small surface area burns can be left to heal beyond 21 days without an increase in the incidence of HTS formation, within ...
Walkden Graham J - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of aprotinin withdrawal in 2008 on patient outcomes, to assess the likely risks and benefits of its re-introduction, and to consider the relevance of existing evidence from clinical trials to 'real-world' practice. We performed a nested case-control study of two cohorts undergoing adult cardiac surgery in ...
Gong Xi - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Double-bundle (DB) anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) has been reported to yield better joint stability than single-bundle (SB) reconstruction. Few studies have compared the 2 techniques with regard to postoperative articular cartilage changes. HYPOTHESIS:Less cartilage damage should occur in the short term after DB ACLR than after SB ACLR. STUDY ...
Shakeri Moslem - - 2013
Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) has a major role in mortality rate among the other types of trauma. The aim of this clinical study was to assess the effect of progesterone on the improvement of neurologic outcome in patients with acute severe TBI. A total of 76 patients who had ...
Mazaki Tetsuro - - 2013
Cervical spinal cord injury without bone and disc injury in patients with spinal cord compression is a fairly common problem in Japan. Because elderly Japanese population tend to have cervical spinal canal stenosis. However, there has been no consensus in the treatment of these patients. We conducted a prospective study ...
Hagemo Jostein S - - 2013
Impaired haemostasis following shock and tissue trauma is frequently detected in the trauma setting. These changes occur early, and are associated with increased mortality. The mechanism behind trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is not clear. Several studies highlight the crucial role of fibrinogen in posttraumatic haemorrhage. This study explores the coagulation changes ...
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