Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2797
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Garg Amit X AX Western University, London, - - 2014
Steroids In caRdiac Surgery trial (SIRS) is a large international randomised controlled trial of methylprednisolone or placebo in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with the use of a cardiopulmonary bypass pump. At the time of surgery, compared with placebo, methylprednisolone divided into two intravenous doses of 250 mg each may reduce ...
Azboy Ibrahim I Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey. - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the antithrombotic agents enoxaparin and rivaroxaban on tissue survival following skin degloving injury in an experimental rat tail model. Methods: The study included 24 rats divided into three equal groups of 8; the enoxaparin group (Group 1), the ...
Zeng Jingsong - - 2014
Intracranial-pressure (ICP) monitoring is considered standard care for severe traumatic brain injury and is used frequently, but the efficacy of treatment based on monitoring in patients with hemorrhagic stroke has not been rigorously assessed. In this study, we investigated the clinical value of ICP monitoring in patients with hemorrhagic stroke. ...
Nenadovic Vera V Division of Neurology Sick Kids, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Brain and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Brain injury from trauma, cardiac arrest or stroke is the most important cause of death and acquired disability in the paediatric population. Due to the lifetime impact of brain injury, there is a need for methods to stratify patient risk and ultimately predict outcome. Early prognosis is fundamental to the ...
Kahraman Fatih F Private Guven Hospital, Anesthesiology, Trabzon 61000, - - 2014
Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of i.v. infusion of magnesium sulphate during spinal anesthesia on duration of spinal block and postoperative pain. Methods. Forty ASA physical status I and status II, aged between 18 and 65, female patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy under spinal anesthesia ...
Tarwala Rupesh R Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY, - - 2014
Total knee arthroplasty with the use of a tourniquet during the entire operation has not been shown to improve the performance of the operation and may increase the risk of complications. We asked whether the limited use of a tourniquet for cementation only would affect (1) surgical time; (2) postoperative ...
Marcos-Vidal J M JM Department Anaesthesia and Reanimation, Hospital of Leon, Leon, - - 2014
To compare the potential beneficial effects on markers of myocardial injury (troponin T) and renal function between sedation with sevoflurane vs propofol after cardiac surgery using extracorporeal cardiopulmonary bypass. A prospective study with sequential selection of patients undergoing coronary or coronary and valve cardiac surgery. Intraoperative anesthesia consisted in sevoflurane ...
Stein Cynthia J CJ Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention and in the Division of Sports Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston Massachusetts, 319 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2014
Sport-related concussion is a topic of increasing public and media attention; the medical literature on this topic is growing rapidly. However, to our knowledge no published papers have described concussion specifically in the dancer. This case series involved a retrospective chart review at a large teaching hospital over a 5.5-year ...
Yokogawa Noriaki N Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, - - 2014
Total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) is associated with a high complication rate because it is technically demanding and involves patients compromised by cancer. Specifically, perioperative complications are more likely to occur in patients receiving preoperative irradiation. We examined the perioperative complications associated with TES in patients receiving preoperative irradiation. Seventy-seven ...
Turner Katja R KR Department of Anesthesiology, Wexner Medical Center at the Ohio State University Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is associated with poor outcomes including increased mortality, length of hospital stay (LOS) and cost. The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is reported to be between 3 and 30% depending on the definition of AKI. We designed a multicenter randomized controlled trial ...
Rao Y J YJ Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Luoyang, Henan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness and safety of transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells for functional repair of the spinal cord. An olfactory bulb was obtained from a 4- to 5-month-old aborted fetus, and it was digested into single olfactory ensheathing cells and then cultured and ...
Mearini Luigi L 0000-0003-4072-1227 Department of Urology and Andrology, University of Perugia, Sant'Andrea delle Fratte, 06100 Perugia, - - 2014
This prospective study assesses the impact of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) on lower urinary tract by comparing pre- and postoperative symptoms and urodynamic changes. Thirty consecutive patients with clinically organ-confined prostate cancer underwent urodynamic study before HIFU and then at 3-6 months after surgery. Continence status and symptoms were analyzed ...
Tao Tianzhu T Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
To determine whether anaesthetised patients undergoing surgery could benefit from intraoperative protective ventilation strategies. MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched up to February 2014. Eligible studies evaluated protective ventilation versus conventional ventilation in anaesthetised patients without lung injury at the onset of mechanical ventilation. ...
Arbel Yaron - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is observed in up to 41% of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and is associated with increased risk for mortality. The aim of the present study is to evaluate whether furosemide-induced diuresis with matched isotonic intravenous hydration using the RenalGuard system reduces AKI in ...
Wu Vin-Cent VC Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (V.C.W., C.H.C., T.S.C., - - 2014
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring dialysis in hospitalized patients is increasing; however, information on the long-term incidence of stroke in patients surviving to discharge after recovering from AKI after dialysis has not been reported. Patients that survived after recovery from dialysis-requiring AKI during index hospitalizations from 1999 ...
Zaninotto Ana Luiza AL Division of Psychology, Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, - - 2014
Diffuse axonal injury (DAI), a common cause of neurological sequelae in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), is considered one of the most prevalent forms of primary neuronal injury in patients with severe TBI. Cognitive deficits induced by DAI can persist over time, especially following moderate or severe injuries. The ...
Hung Chi-Feng CF Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan ; Institute of Medicine, Chung Sang Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess surgical, oncologic and functional results after robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) with and without previous transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Between December 2005 and January 2010, 200 patients underwent RALP, of whom 16 (8%) had received previous TURP and 184 (92%) ...
Brezova Veronika V Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway ; Department of Medical Imaging, St. Olav's Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, - - 2014
The objectives of this prospective study in 62 moderate-severe TBI patients were to investigate volume change in cortical gray matter (GM), hippocampus, lenticular nucleus, lobar white matter (WM), brainstem and ventricles using a within subject design and repeated MRI in the early phase (1-26 days) and 3 and 12 months postinjury and to ...
McCrindle Brian W BW Labatt Family Heart Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (B.W.M.C., N.A.C., S.K., H.M.H., C.M., S.M.S., C.A.C., J.G.C., G.S.V.A., A.N.R.) Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (B.W.M.C., - - 2014
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) harnesses an innate defensive mechanism that protects against inflammatory activation and ischemia-reperfusion injury, known sequelae of cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. We sought to determine the impact of RIPC on clinical outcomes and physiological markers related to ischemia-reperfusion injury and inflammatory activation after cardiac surgery in ...
Kwon Hyeok Gyu HG Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University Daegu, South - - 2014
Little is known about the pathophysiological mechanisms of cognitive impairment in patients with putaminal hemorrhage (PH). Using diffusion tensor tractography, we investigated injury of the cingulum in patients with PH. We recruited 63 patients with PH, who were classified according to three groups, based on integrity of the cingulum to ...
Green Robin E A RE Cognitive Neurorehabilitation Sciences Laboratory, Research Department, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute Toronto, ON, Canada ; Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly being understood as a progressive disorder, with growing evidence of reduced brain volume and white matter (WM) integrity as well as lesion expansion in the chronic phases of injury. The scale of these losses has yet to be investigated, and pattern of change ...
Shi ShanShan S Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital, Medical College, Zhejiang University, No. 57, Zhugan Lane, Hangzhou 310003, P R - - 2014
Acute lung injury (ALI) induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB, CPB-ALI) is a common and serious complication after cardiac surgery. And infants and young children are more prone to CPB-ALI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perioperative changes of plasma gelsolin (pGSN) in patients below 3years of age ...
Mori Yosuke Y From the Department of Anesthesia, Kawasaki Saiwai Hospital, Saiwai, Kawasaki, Kanagawa (YM, TK), Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Toho University, Oota-ku, Tokyo (RO), - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after surgery is associated with an increased risk of adverse events and death. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) dilates the preglomerular renal arteries and inhibits the renin-angiotensin axis. A low-dose ANP infusion increases glomerular filtration rate after cardiovascular surgery, but it is not known whether it reduces ...
Agrawal Mahima M Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, S.M.S.M.C and Hospital , Jaipur , - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To describe the functional level after 1 year in moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Study design: Prospective, cross-sectional study. Setting and participants: Seventy individuals with TBI were admitted directly from acute care hospitals to a rehabilitation facility in Sawai Mansingh Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur (SMS). ...
Sanderson Alicia R AR Department of Otolaryngology, University of California, Irvine, 101 The City Drive, Orange, California, - - 2013
The plasma skin regeneration (PSR) device delivers thermal energy to the skin by converting nitrogen gas to plasma. Prior to treatment, hydration of the skin is recommended as it is thought to limit the zone of thermal damage. However, there is limited data on optimal hydration time. This pilot study ...
Zaidi Razi R Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, NHS Trust, Stanmore, - - 2013
More than 10 000 ankle arthroscopy procedures are performed in the United Kingdom annually. Tourniquet use is thought to allow improved visibility and reduce operative time. However this is not without risk as it predisposes to neurovascular injury. The purpose of our study was to establish the feasibility of a ...
Huang Shijia S Department of Interventional Ultrasound, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing 100853, China. Electronic address: - - 2013
To retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) adjacent to large vessels. From February 2006 to February 2013, 452 patients with 605 HCC nodules were treated with US-guided percutaneous MWA. Into large vessels group (Group L), 139 ...
Jain Divya D Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
CMAC videolaryngoscope has recently been introduced for videoscope guided intubation. The aim of our study was to compare and evaluate the efficacy of the conventional blade and the angulated D blade of the CMAC videolaryngoscope with the direct laryngoscopes in simulated cervical spine injury patients on the airway manikin. Following ...
Byun Jang Yul JY Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon Hospital , Bucheon , - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Bleeding control with epinephrine hydrochloride-soaked cotton packing in the maxillary sinus after canine fossa puncture (CFP) during operation is a simple method for reducing complications, especially those associated with blood leakage from the maxillary sinus into the subcutaneous tissue. Objective: Although CFP is a useful method for extensive ...
Papakostas John C JC Departments of Surgery-Vascular Surgery Unit, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, - - 2013
To report the early and long term results of Vascu-Gurad bovine pericardium (BP) for patch angioplasty in carotid endarterectomy (CEA). We retrospectively analyzed the data of 256 CEAs with BP patch closure which were performed in 238 patients during the last twelve years in our department. Patch related complications (restenosis, ...
Béchir Markus - - 2013
There are limited data on the efficacy of early fluid resuscitation with third generation hydroxyethyl starch (HES 130) in burn injury. Adverse effects of HES on survival and organ function have been reported. In this randomized, controlled, double-blind trial 48 patients with severe burn injury were assigned to receive either ...
Funaki Takeshi T Department of Neurosurgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan, - - 2013
The potential for late cerebrovascular events following surgical revascularization presents a challenge in the treatment of pediatric moyamoya disease. Limited information is available on the incidence of such events after direct bypass. The objective of this descriptive study was to examine the incidence of late cerebrovascular events after direct bypass ...
Lin Yidan Y Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, West China Medical School of Sichuan University, 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, China, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to characterize an optimal strategy in managing thoracic esophageal perforation, focusing on the differential diagnosis and treatment of patients with contained versus noncontained perforations and on the importance of the time interval between injury and repair and how that affects the outcome of a ...
Gressot Loyola V LV Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Texas Children's Hospital, and Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2013
Object Cervical spondylolysis is a rare condition that results from a pars interarticularis defect. The C-6 level is the most frequently involved site in the cervical spine. Its clinical presentations range from incidental radiographic findings to neck pain and, rarely, neurological deficits. Although 150 patients with subaxial cervical spondylolysis have ...
Coca Steven G SG Section of Nephrology, Yale University School of Medicine, Program of Applied Translational Research, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, New Haven, - - 2013
Urinary biomarkers of AKI provide prognostic value for in-hospital outcomes, but little is known about their association with longer-term mortality after surgery. We sought to assess the association between kidney injury biomarkers and all-cause mortality in an international, multicenter, prospective long-term follow-up study from six clinical centers in the United ...
Yu Nanze - - 2013
Marjolin's ulcer (MU) is a rare malignancy arising from various forms of scars. This potentially fatal complication typically occurs after a certain latent period. This article attempts to reveal the importance of the latency period in the prevention and early treatment of the malignancy. A retrospective review of 17 MU ...
Fries C A CA The Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, ICT Centre & NIHR SRMRC, University of Birmingham, Vincent Drive, Birmingham B15 2SQ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Recent conflicts have been characterised by the use of improvised explosive devices causing devastating injuries, including heavily contaminated wounds requiring meticulous surgical debridement. After being rendered surgical clean, these wounds are dressed and the patient transferred back to the UK for on-going treatment. A dressing that would prevent wounds from ...
Andrisevic Emily E Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis; - - 2013
Object The debate addressed in this article is that of surgical treatment methods for a neuroma-in-continuity. The authors of this study chose to test the hypothesis that more severe nerve injuries, as distinguished by < 50% conduction across a neuroma-in-continuity, could be treated with neuroma resection and grafting, whereas less ...
Hiraoka Arudo A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Sakakibara Heart Institute of Okayama, Okayama, - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate acute kidney injury (AKI) after total aortic arch repair (TAR) with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (MHCA) and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SACP). A retrospective analysis was performed in 200 patients who underwent TAR with HCA and SACP between 2008 and 2012. The ...
Gille Jochen J Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Therapy, St. Georg Hospital GmbH Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
A variety of crystalloids are available during fluid resuscitation of the severely burnt patient. There is a paucity of literature evidence on the comparative influence of these with regard to clinical outcomes. Significant differences in crystalloids may be clinically relevant given the large volumes employed during shock resuscitation. The study ...
Garnacho-Montero José J Unidad Clínica de Cuidados Críticos y Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, - - 2013
A potent synergy of a glycopeptide-colistin combination against Acinetobacter baumannii has recently been described. We set out to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination in a retrospective study including episodes of ventilator-associated pneumonia or bacteremia caused by carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii. We compared 29 patients (group I) treated with ...
Okada Kiyoshi K Department of Orthopaedics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan, - - 2013
Evidence from a recent cadaveric study has revealed that the thickness of the distal interosseous membrane (DIOM) of the forearm shows substantial individual variations, and a thick fibrous tissue known as the distal oblique bundle (DOB) was found in 40 % specimens in the study. Another cadaveric study revealed that greater ...
Giannicola Giuseppe G Department of Orthopedic Surgery, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Complex elbow instability (CEI) is one of the most troublesome pathologies that orthopaedic surgeons have to face. One of the key requirements regarding the CEI surgical treatment is an early rehabilitation programme to avoid the elbow stiffness caused by a long period of immobilisation. Although this is well known, no ...
Zhang Jingping - - 2013
To investigate the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and identify risk factors for AKI in patients who undergo radical gastrectomy. This study included 536 patients underwent radical gastrectomy. Primary outcome was AKI, defined as a ≥50 % increase in serum creatinine relative to baseline during the first three postoperative days. ...
Masquijo Julio J - - 2013
Although percutaneous trigger thumb release has been extensively used in adults, the technique is not widespread in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous trigger thumb release in the pediatric age group. Twenty consecutive thumbs of 15 patients scheduled for surgical release ...
Johansson Malin - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to evaluate acute kidney injury (AKI) with cystatin C following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and to assess the impact of postoperative AKI on outcome and late renal function. A prospective study. Single, tertiary referral center. Sixty-eight consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis ...
Pulugurtha Srinivas S - - 2013
This paper focuses on an analysis of pedestrian and motorists' actions at sites with pedestrian hybrid beacons and assesses their effectiveness in improving the safety of pedestrians. Descriptive and statistical analyses (one-tail two-sample T-test and two-proportion Z-test) were conducted using field data collected during morning and evening peak hours at ...
Lee Dhong Won - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Recent studies have shown that lateral menisci have a higher healing potential and that they can be treated successfully without symptoms by being left in situ during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, few studies have reported morphological results. HYPOTHESIS:Stable posterior horn tears of the lateral meniscus left in situ ...
Katsura Morihiro - - 2013
A common dilemma in the management of pelvic fractures is recognizing the presence of associated abdominal injury. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between initial therapeutic intervention (laparotomy or transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE)) and mortality. This was a cohort study using the Japan Trauma Data Bank ...
Casella Michela - - 2013
Our study aims to compare acute myocardial injury biomarker rise after atrial fibrillation ablation performed with different technologies. Methods and Results: One hundred and ten patients (pts) were treated with Pulmonary Vein (PV) isolation with 4 different technologies: open-irrigated tip RF catheter in 35 pts (Group A), cryoballoon in 35 ...
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