Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2831
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Evans Charity H CH From the Department of Surgery (C.H.E.), University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska; Division of Trauma & Emergency Surgery, Department of Surgery (C.R.S., C.S.C.), and Department of Pharmacy (J.J.D.), University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California; and Department of Pharmacy (A.J.B.), Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, - - 2014
Cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) is often complicated by autonomic instability and life-threatening bradycardia. β-adrenergic receptors offer a potential target for modulating cardiac vagal activity and heart rate. Enteral albuterol may mitigate symptomatic bradycardia in CSCI patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of enteral albuterol ...
Ulus A Tulga AT Cardiovascular Surgery Clinic, Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
The mortality and morbidity rates of even extensive thoracoabdominal replacement have improved markedly in recent years. We investigated the effects of a temporary occlusion of the aorta as a direct precondition and temporary occlusion of the axillary artery for remote preconditioning to determine any effects that preconditioning may have on ...
Laudner Kevin K Illinois State University, Normal, IL, - - 2014
Due to the repetitive rotational and distractive forces exerted onto the posterior shoulder during the deceleration phase of the overhead throwing motion, limited glenohumeral (GH) range of motion (ROM) is a common trait found among baseball players, making them prone to a wide variety of shoulder injuries. Although utilization of ...
Siggelkow W W Department of Gynaecology, Diakonische Dienste Hannover GmbH, - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of the Kiwi OmniCup system with conventional vacuum delivery. Methods: A retrospective study of operative vaginal deliveries was done for 4682 births. The procedures included 217 operative vaginal deliveries (4.6 %), 79 of which were done using ...
Belcaro G G Department of Biomedical Sciences, Irvine3 Labs, Chieti-Pescara University, Spoltore, Pescara, Italy - - - 2014
Aim: The aim of this registry study was to evaluate the evolution of moderate functional hepatic failure (MTHF) using a proprietary new oak wood supplement (Robuvit®) extracted from Quercus Robur. Recent studies have indicated the protective effect of oak wood extracts on liver injury. Quercus wood extracts have shown hepatoprotective ...
Boyle Derek J DJ Academic Surgical Unit, National Centre for Bowel Research and Surgical Innovation, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United - - 2014
Electrically stimulated gracilis neosphincter is an established treatment for patients with end-stage fecal incontinence. Few data, however, describe its long-term efficacy. This study aimed to assess the long-term functional outcome associated with this procedure. Patients who underwent gracilis neosphincter construction between1989 and 2001 were identified from a prospectively recorded database. ...
Azizzadeh Ali A From the Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, - - 2014
Traumatic aortic injury (TAI) remains a leading cause of death after blunt force. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been widely adopted as an alternative to open repair for the treatment of TAI. Although significant short-term benefits have been demonstrated for patients undergoing TEVAR, longer-term follow-up data are lacking. Trauma ...
Harris Joshua D - - 2014
Objective guidelines permitting safe return to sport following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are infrequently used. The purpose of this study was to determine the published return to sport guidelines following ACL reconstruction in Level I randomized controlled trials. A systematic review was performed using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic ...
Yang Xiaofeng X Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia - - 2014
The study aims to investigate whether Nakagami parameters-estimated from the statistical distribution of the backscattered ultrasound radio-frequency (RF) signals-could provide a means for quantitative characterization of parotid-gland injury resulting from head-and-neck radiotherapy. A preliminary clinical study was conducted with 12 postradiotherapy patients and 12 healthy volunteers. Each participant underwent one ...
Ozaydin Mehmet - - 2014
Oxidative stress and inflammation during cardiac surgery may be associated with acute renal injury (ARI). N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and carvedilol have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. A combination of carvedilol and NAC should decrease the incidence of ARI more than metoprolol or carvedilol. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery were randomized to metoprolol, ...
Dela Cruz Jonathan E JE Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, Springfield, - - 2014
Various types of sedation can be used for the reduction of a dislocated total hip arthroplasty. Traditionally, an opiate/benzodiazepine combination has been employed. The use of other pharmacologic agents, such as etomidate and propofol, have more recently gained popularity. Currently no studies directly comparing these sedation agents have been carried ...
Kim Min Young MY Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Medical Center; - - 2014
Object Mannitol, an osmotic agent used to decrease intracranial pressure, can cause acute kidney injury (AKI). The objectives of this study were to assess the impact of mannitol on the incidence and severity of AKI and to identify risk factors and outcome for AKI in patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). ...
Baidya Dalim Kumar DK Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Though once considered the gold standard, epidural anaesthesia has complications that may be significant and include hypotension, urinary retention, partial or patchy block and, in rare cases, devastating neurological injuries also. Paravertebral block (PVB) is an alternative technique for unilateral surgical procedures like thoracotomy, which may offer similar analgesic effectiveness ...
Yan Denglu D Orthopaedics Department, Nanshan Hospital of Guangdong Medical College, NO. 89, Taoyuan Road, Shenzhen, Peoples' Republic of China, - - 2014
It currently remains unclear whether the meniscal repair clinical results were affected by the graft used in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This retrospective study designed to evaluate the difference in clinical outcomes of meniscal repair using autograft and allograft for the ACL reconstruction. The injury of the ACL and ...
Yiling Zhang Z Department of Orthopaedics, the General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing, PR - - 2014
Study Design. Basic imaging experimentObjective. To explore the use of two-photon excited fluorescence (2PEF) microscopy to investigate the therapeutic effect of methylprednisolone (MP) in mice with spinal cord injured (SCI).Summary of Background Data. MP can alleviate secondary injury of SCI through its anti-inflammatory effect; however, how MP regulates axonal dynamics ...
Li Meng M Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, People's Republic of - - 2014
Objectives To investigate the efficacy of laryngeal reinnervation with ansa cervicalis among unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) patients with different denervation durations. Study Design We retrospectively reviewed 349 consecutive UVFP cases of delayed ansa cervicalis to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) anastomosis. Potential influencing factors were analyzed in multivariable logistic ...
Bartel P P Neuro-Urology, Swiss Paraplegic Centre, Nottwil, - - 2014
Study design:Retrospective follow-up study.Objectives:To assess the occurrence of bladder stones in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:Single SCI rehabilitation center in Switzerland.Methods:We searched our database for SCI patients who had undergone surgery due to bladder stones between 2004 and 2012. In all patients retrieved, personal characteristics, bladder management, bladder stone ...
Kuwahara Taishi T Cardiovascular Center, Yokosuka Kyousai Hospital, 1-16, Yonegahama-dori, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 238-8558, - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation can result in oesophageal injuries that lead to atrio-oesophageal fistulae, a life-threatening complication. This study aimed to evaluate whether oesophageal cooling could prevent oesophageal lesions complicating AF ablation.METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomly assigned 100 patients with drug-resistant AF to an oesophageal cooling group or a control ...
Carbone Stefano S Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Scapular dyskinesis has been related to acromioclavicular injuries. A rehabilitation protocol has been studied in order to treat scapular dyskinesis, but it has not yet been evaluated. This rehabilitation programme was adopted to improve the shoulder function, thereby improving the scapular dyskinesis in patients with chronic acromioclavicular dislocation. Twenty-four patients ...
Nielson Erik E Department of Anesthesiology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine and Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, - - 2014
Patients presenting for surgery with angiotensin axis blockade (AAB) from therapy with either angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers experience an increased incidence of perioperative hypotension. Acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients receiving preoperative AAB has been demonstrated after lung, vascular, and cardiac surgery. However, there is little literature ...
Gobbi Alberto A Orthopaedic Arthroscopic Surgery International (OASIBioresearch Foundation, Milan, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Chondral lesions in athletically active patients cause considerable morbidity, and treatment with existing cell-based therapies can be challenging. Bone marrow has been shown as a possible source of multipotent stem cells (MSCs) with chondrogenic potential and is easy to harvest during the same surgical procedure. PURPOSE:To investigate the clinical outcome ...
Li Canfeng C Orthopedic Department, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2014
Minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approaches for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have become increasingly popular for doctors and patients. They have argued that it decreases post-operative pain, accelerates functional recovery and increases patient satisfaction due to less injury. However, critics are concerned about TKA's possible effects on component position and with ...
Ulstein Svend S Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akershus University Hospital, 1478, Lørenskog, Norway, - - 2014
To compare long-term functional and radiological outcome following microfracture technique (MF) versus osteochondral autologous transplantation (OAT) mosaicplasty for treating focal chondral lesions of the knee. Twenty-five patients (mean age 32.3 years, SD 7.7) with a full-thickness (International Cartilage Repair Society grade 3 or 4) chondral lesion of the articulating surface of ...
McDonald Jennifer S JS From the Departments of Radiology (J.S.M., R.J.M., D.F.K., E.E.W.), Health Sciences Research (R.E.C.), and Neurosurgery (D.F.K.), College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st St SW, Rochester, MN 55905; and Department of Radiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC - - 2014
Purpose To determine the effect of baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on the causal association between intravenous iodinated contrast material exposure and subsequent development of acute kidney injury (AKI) in propensity score-matched groups of patients who underwent contrast material-enhanced or unenhanced computed tomography (CT). Materials and Methods This retrospective ...
Yoo Young-Chul YC 1] Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea [2] Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Propofol has been shown to provide protection against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury experimentally, but clinical evidence is lacking. Here we studied the effect of propofol anesthesia on the occurrence of acute kidney injury following heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. One hundred and twelve patients who underwent valvular heart surgery were randomized ...
Digennaro Vitantonio V Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico di Modena, University of Modena and Reggio-Emilia, Via del Pozzo, 71, 41124, Modena, Italy, - - 2014
Posterior stabilised (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) design development that focused on restoring normal knee kinematics was followed by the introduction of reason-guided motion designs. Although all PS fixed-bearing knee designs were thought to have similar kinematics, reports show they have differing incidences and magnitudes of posterior femoral rollback and ...
Hoeller Michael M Children's Burn Unit, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Deep dermal and full-thickness burn wounds are excised and grafted with split-thickness skin grafts. Especially in less compliant patients such as young children, conventional fixing methods can often be ineffective due to high mobility rates in this age group. The aim of this retrospective single-centre study was to give an ...
Seo Jeong Pyo JP Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Taegu, Republic of - - 2014
The lateral corticospinal tract (CST) is one of the most important neuronal pathways that mediate voluntary movements in the human brain. However, little is known about the role of the lateral CST on the gait. We attempted to investigate differences in gait pattern using a motion analysis system according to ...
Shah Siddharth Mahesh SM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Hospital, Singapore, - - 2014
We compared the clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes between pegged (37 knees in 37 patients) and stemmed (33 knees in 31 patients) tibial designs in patients undergoing primary cemented total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis (OA). Outcomes were evaluated using the knee society score (KSS-Clinical and Function scores) and knee ...
Arain M M School of Health and Related Research, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, - - 2014
To determine the impact of the GP-led walk-in centre (WIC) in Sheffield (England) on the demand for emergency department (ED) care. A survey of patients visiting the Sheffield GP WIC was conducted over 3 weeks during September and October 2011. A short, postvisit questionnaire was also sent to those who ...
Bro-Jeppesen John J Department of Cardiology, The Heart Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inducing therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) can be challenging due to its impact on central hemodynamics and vasopressors are frequently used to maintain adequate organ perfusion. The aim of this study was to assess the association between level of vasopressor support and mortality. In a 6-year period, ...
Løvstad Marianne M Research Department, Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Nesodden, Norway (Drs Løvstad and Schanke and Ms Hauger); Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway (Drs Løvstad and Schanke); Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Drs Andelic and Røe) and Radiology (Dr Jerstad), Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sørlandet Hospital, Kristiansand, Norway (Dr Knoph); Department of Rehabilitation, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Norway (Dr Anke); Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway (Dr Anke); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway (Dr Skandsen); Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway (Dr Skandsen); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Giacino); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Giacino); and Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway (Dr - - 2014
Establish rate of disorders of consciousness (DOC) and course of recovery in adults who have sustained severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). Four Norwegian neurosurgical departments. Vegetative or minimally conscious patients. Prospective, longitudinal population-based study of adults with sTBI with follow-ups at 3, 12, and 24-36 months postinjury. Coma Recovery Scale-Revised, ...
Ying Chengcheng C Department of Urology, Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430071, - - 2014
Cavernous nerve (CN) injury is the main cause of erectile dysfunction (ED) following radical prostatectomy. The recovery of erectile function following this procedure remains challenging. Here, we investigated the ability of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) combined with autologous vein graft to improve erectile function in a rat model of bilateral ...
Lee Dae-Hee DH Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The graft-healing potential of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) derived from the remnants of ruptured anterior cruciate ligaments (ACLs) after ACL reconstruction may depend on the chronicity of the injury. The aim of this study was to assess the quantitative and phenotypic differences between MSCs isolated from ACL remnants in patients ...
Metzner Andreas A Department of Cardiology, Asklepios Klinik St, Georg, Hamburg, - - 2014
The second generation cryoballoon (CB, ArcticFront Advance, Medtronic Inc, MN, USA) has demonstrated greater procedural efficacy compared to the original CB. Whether increased efficacy translates into a higher incidence of phrenic nerve (PN) injury needs further evaluation. In patients with drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) or short-standing persistent AF, pulmonary ...
Lombardi G G Neuro-urology department, Florence, - - 2014
Objective:To determine the success rate of percutaneous first stage of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) and the efficacy and safety of permanent SNM for incomplete spinal cord lesion (SCL) patients suffering from chronic neurogenic non-obstructive urinary retention (N-NOR).Method:From January 2003 to December 2012, 85 individuals underwent the percutaneous first stage of SNM. ...
Ribeiro Afonso A Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA, - - 2014
Cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen delivered endoscopically has been used for mucosal ablation of esophageal neoplasia. There are no data for the human esophagus on the depth of injury and effects of this technique. Prospective study to examine the effect of treatment and depth of injury to the human esophagus of ...
Szelényi A A Department of Neurosurgery, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Hospital, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, - - 2014
Neurophysiological monitoring (IOM) consisting of somatosensory (SEPs), muscle (MEPs) and spinal motor evoked (D-wave; spinal MEPs) potentials is used to indicate injury related to surgical treatment of intradural and intramedullary lesions. Combining spinal and muscle MEPs reliably predicts long-term motor deficit. If spinal MEPs recording is not possible, additional markers-e.g. ...
Sahin Sevtap Hekimoglu SH Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Trakya University Medical Faculty, 22030, Edirne, Turkey, - - 2014
Lumbar puncture (LP) is one of the most common procedures performed in medicine. The aim of this prospective study is to determine the success rate of LP in lateral decubitus with 45-degree head-up tilt position, and compare it with traditional positions like sitting and lateral decubitus. Three hundred and thirty ...
Sakata Ryosuke R Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0017, - - 2014
We have previously reported that a cylindrical bioabsorbable synthetic polymer scaffold made of poly (DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG) can be used to repair osteochondral defects without using cultured cells in a rabbit model. This cylindrical scaffold has a solid and pre-formed design, which limits its widespread application. Therefore, we created a cotton-textured ...
Cappelletty Diane D College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Toledo, 3000 Arlington Ave, MS 1013, Toledo, OH, 43614, USA, - - 2014
Questions have been raised regarding nephrotoxicity from vancomycin. A few small studies have shown that higher trough concentrations of vancomycin result in more nephrotoxicity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors that may predispose patients to nephrotoxicity in those concomitantly receiving vancomycin. This was a single-center retrospective ...
Ojha Rajdeep - - 2014
Objectives To demonstrate reduction in detrusor overactivity using surface electrical stimulation of posterior tibial nerve (PTN) or dorsal penile nerve (DPN) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Design Patients with SCI with symptoms of urinary urgency/leaks, with cystometrogram (CMG) proven detrusor overactivity were recruited in this study. Ten persons ...
Russell Melissa M Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; National Ageing Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
To identify factors predictive of function 12 months after a fall and emergency department (ED) presentation. This was a prospective cohort study with 608 older fallers. After presentation and discharge from the ED, a baseline assessment was initially undertaken and then repeated after 12 months. The Human Activity Profile Adjusted ...
Kahraman Fatih F Private Guven Hospital, Anesthesiology, Trabzon 61000, - - 2014
Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of i.v. infusion of magnesium sulphate during spinal anesthesia on duration of spinal block and postoperative pain. Methods. Forty ASA physical status I and status II, aged between 18 and 65, female patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy under spinal anesthesia ...
Yokogawa Noriaki N Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, - - 2014
Total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) is associated with a high complication rate because it is technically demanding and involves patients compromised by cancer. Specifically, perioperative complications are more likely to occur in patients receiving preoperative irradiation. We examined the perioperative complications associated with TES in patients receiving preoperative irradiation. Seventy-seven ...
Wu Vin-Cent VC Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (V.C.W., C.H.C., T.S.C., - - 2014
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring dialysis in hospitalized patients is increasing; however, information on the long-term incidence of stroke in patients surviving to discharge after recovering from AKI after dialysis has not been reported. Patients that survived after recovery from dialysis-requiring AKI during index hospitalizations from 1999 ...
Azboy Ibrahim I Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey. - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the antithrombotic agents enoxaparin and rivaroxaban on tissue survival following skin degloving injury in an experimental rat tail model. Methods: The study included 24 rats divided into three equal groups of 8; the enoxaparin group (Group 1), the ...
Tarwala Rupesh R Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY, - - 2014
Total knee arthroplasty with the use of a tourniquet during the entire operation has not been shown to improve the performance of the operation and may increase the risk of complications. We asked whether the limited use of a tourniquet for cementation only would affect (1) surgical time; (2) postoperative ...
Bala Miklosh M Department of Surgery and Shock Trauma Unit, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel. - - 2014
Long term follow up is difficult to obtain in most trauma settings, these data are essential for assessing outcomes in the older (≥60) patient. We hypothesized that clinical data obtained during initial hospital stay could accurately predict long term survival. Using our trauma registry and hospital database, we reviewed all ...
Tao Tianzhu T Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
To determine whether anaesthetised patients undergoing surgery could benefit from intraoperative protective ventilation strategies. MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched up to February 2014. Eligible studies evaluated protective ventilation versus conventional ventilation in anaesthetised patients without lung injury at the onset of mechanical ventilation. ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >