Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2576
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Quan Zhefeng - - 2013
Background and objective: Vasopressors ephedrine and phenylephrine are commonly used with spinal anesthesia during cesarean delivery. Studies on them have focused on the period before the umbilical cord is clamped, although anesthesia is continuously administered throughout and after this event. This study aimed to compare the effects of these drugs ...
Scaramuzzo L - - 2013
The clinical outcome of polytrauma patients underwent spine fixation was analyzed and correlated both to surgical time (early versus delayed) and to fixation type (open versus percutaneous). Twenty-four polytrauma patients were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were evaluated according to age, accident dynamic, mechanical ventilation need, blood transfusion need, SAPS II score, ...
Harrison Robert W - - 2013
Left ventricular systolic dysfunction is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The authors performed a meta-analysis investigating the effects of levosimendan in cardiac surgery patients with and without preoperative systolic dysfunction. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Hospital. The 1,155 patients who participated in 14 randomized ...
Makhija Neeti - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) versus epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA) in patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery. A prospective randomized study. A tertiary care center. The study was conducted on 64 consecutive adult patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Group EACA received a ...
Farr Sebastian - - 2013
Tibial tuberosity medialisation may be followed by osteoarthritis in the long term due to increased patellofemoral contact pressure and altered knee joint kinematics. We aimed to (1) systematically assess the grades of tibiofemoral and patellofemoral osteoarthritis ten to 30 years after the Elmslie-Trillat procedure and (2) to evaluate long-term knee function ...
Atis Gokhan - - 2013
To compare the success and complication rates of a 4.5-6.5F semirigid ureteroscope (S-URS) with an 8.5-11.5F S-URS in treating ureteral stones in adult patients. Fifty-two patients with ureteral stones, who were treated with 4.5-6.5F S-URS (group 1) and 52 patients who were treated with 8.5-11.5F S-URS (group 2) were compared retrospectively using a ...
Whitton R C RC Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Hwy, Werribee 3030, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
A retrospective cohort study was performed to compare the rates of musculoskeletal injury (MSI) in horses receiving local corticosteroid injection (LCI) with those that were untreated and those prior to treatment. Of the 1911 study horses, 392 had been treated. A LCI was defined as any injection of corticosteroid into ...
Darouiche Rabih O - - 2013
To assess the applicability of a short-course regimen of antibiotics for managing CA-UTI in patients with spinal cord injury. A randomized, controlled, non-inferiority clinical trial. Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA. Patients with SCI who had CA-UTI. Main Outcome Measures: Clinical cure at end of therapy ...
Kim Jin-Tae JT Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Korea. - - 2013
For unilateral spinal block, local anesthetics should affect the spinal nerves of 1 side. With full flexion of the spine, the sunken cauda equina becomes tightened and is suspended in the middle of the subarachnoid space. We performed this study to assess whether spinal flexion facilitates unilateral spinal anesthesia. Hyperbaric ...
Estrella Emmanuel P - - 2013
The objective of this article was to evaluate the clinical results of nerve transfer procedures for the restoration of shoulder abduction and external rotation in patients with traumatic brachial plexus injuries. A retrospective study was done to determine the results of nerve transfers for shoulder function in patients with traumatic ...
Kılıç Ciğdem - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of local glutathione (GSH) and chitosan applications on the oxidant events and histological changes that occur, during healing processes in rabbits with incisional intraoral mucosal wounds. For this purpose, discs containing glutathione and chitosan (1:1) were prepared and their ...
Hou Peng - - 2013
To investigate the effect of plasmapheresis via the portal vein for "small-for-size" syndrome (SFSS) aided by extracorporeal continuous portal diversion (ECPD). Extensive or total hepatectomy in the pig is usually adopted as a postoperative liver failure (PLF) or SFSS model. In this study, animals which underwent 85%-90% hepatectomy were randomized ...
Revelo Maria Sol Calero - - 2013
Approximately 30% of perioperative CVA of myocardial revascularization surgery (MRS) are a result of carotid injuries, without reduction of risk confirmed by perioperative intervention. Evaluate the impact of carotid disease and perioperative intervention in patients subjected to MRS. Observational, retrospective study, evaluating 1169 patients aged > 69 years undergoing MRS ...
Morimoto Tadatsugu - - 2013
The presence of lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV) may affect the variation of the termination level of conus medullaris (TLCM). However, there have been few studies examining the association between the distribution of the TLCM and LSTV, especially in young patients. The purpose of this investigation was therefore to assess the ...
Tardy Nicolas - - 2013
Injuries of the posterolateral corner (PLC) are rare and severe knee injuries, resulting in posterolateral rotatory instability and an increase in external rotation. Surgical reconstruction techniques reproducing the normal anatomy showed promising results. In vivo evaluations of static rotational knee laxity at 30° of knee flexion have not been reported ...
Konigstein Maayan - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is frequent and associated with adverse outcomes. We aimed to identify the incidence and risk factors for AKI after TAVI using the updated Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 classification criteria. We performed a retrospective analysis of 300 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI ...
Lykissas Marios G - - 2013
Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) has become an increasingly common minimally invasive procedure for selective degenerative deformity correction, reduction of low-grade spondylolisthesis, and indirect foraminal decompression. Concerns remain about the safety of the transpsoas approach to the spine due to proximity of the lumbosacral plexus. To address risk factors for ...
Riley Jonathan - - 2013
The first US FDA clinical trial for a stem cell-based treatment of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) has now been completed. Primary aims assessed the safety of a direct microinjection-based technique and the toxicity of neural stem cell transplantation to the ventral horn of the cervical and thoracolumbar spinal cord. Results ...
Maffulli Nicola - - 2013
Patellar tendon reconstruction is technically demanding and is indicated in patients with chronic ruptures (i.e., still present more than six weeks after injury). The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of this procedure in patients with impaired function following patellar tendon rupture. Nineteen patients underwent autologous ipsilateral ...
Borgna Scott C - - 2013
Injury has a major impact on work absence. The aim of this study was to document the rate and timeframe, at which facially injured patients return to work, and to identify the pre-injury and injury related factors that affect return to employment. A prospective cohort study was undertaken of facially ...
Krasmik Denis - - 2013
To investigate the outcome and complications of sacral deafferentation (SDAF) and sacral anterior root stimulation (SARS) in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) resulting from complete spinal cord injury (SCI). Retrospective chart analysis of 137 patients who underwent SDAF/SARS at a single institution. Patients were categorized as being ...
Godbolt Alison K - - 2013
Background: Very severe traumatic brain injury may cause disorders of consciousness in the form of coma, unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (also known as vegetative state) or minimally conscious state. Previous studies of outcome for these patients largely pre-date the 2002 definition of minimally conscious state. Objectives: To establish the numbers of ...
Zhou Jian-Jun - - 2013
There are controversies about the use of artificial colloids. This research was aimed to determine the effect of various artificial colloids on blood coagulation in the shock stage of severe burn injury. Totally, 18 female Ba-Ma mini-pigs were subjected to a 40% total body surface third-degree flame burn under anesthesia. ...
Bertossi Dario - - 2013
The aim of the study was to compare in a randomized controlled clinical trial the use of the piezoelectric osteotomy as an alternative to the conventional approach in terms of surgery time, intraoperative blood loss, cut quality, nerve injury, and costs.One hundred ten patients who had orthognathic surgery procedures with ...
Liu Wei-Jing - - 2013
The role of alprostadil and statins in contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is controversial. The purpose of this study was to explore the efficacy of combined therapy with alprostadil and statins in protecting renal function and preventing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients undergoing coronary angiography. A total of 156 consecutive ...
Al-Hassani Ammar - - 2013
Blunt bowel and mesenteric injury (BBMI) is frequently a difficult diagnosis at initial presentation. We aimed to study the predictors for early diagnosis and outcomes in patients with BBMI. Data were collected retrospectively from the database registry between January 2008 and December 2011 in the only Level I trauma unit ...
Zheng Jianyong - - 2013
Improvements in surgical techniques and perioperative management mean that more complex cardiac procedures are being performed on very young patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the duration of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on renal injury after congenital heart surgery in infants and young children. 58 ...
Azmude Azra A Department of OBGYN, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
There is a considerable rate of fertility failure and this causes a great burden of untoward effects for patients. Usually a considerable number of these patients undergo anesthesia for their treatment. This study was designed to compare the effects of general and spinal anesthesia on these patients. In a randomized ...
Choi Hoi Jung HJ Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Inje University, Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the optimal time for tracheostomy by evaluating the benefits and safety of early versus late tracheostomy in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. We retrospectively reviewed a total of 254 patients with spinal cord injury. Of them, we selected 21 spinal cord injury patients who required ...
Fatemi Mohammad Javad MJ Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Burn Research Center and Hazrat Fatemeh Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Burn injuries are one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity throughout the world and burn patients have higher chances for infection due to their decreased immune resistance. Levamisole, as an immunomodulation agent, stimulates the immune response against infection. This randomized clinical trial was conducted in Motahari Burn Center, ...
Jacoby Sidney M SM The Philadelphia Hand Center, P.C. 834 Chestnut Street, Suite G114, Philadelphia, PA 19107 USA ; The Philadelphia Hand Center, Thomas Jefferson University, 700 South Henderson Road, Suite 200, King of Prussia, PA 19406 - - 2013
We hypothesize that one-stage Integra skin coverage is an effective treatment modality for the treatment of fingertip defects. Nine patients who sustained fingertip injuries were treated with one-stage Integra coverage. In all cases, Integra was placed directly on bone. Static two-point discrimination and the Semmes-Weinstein Monofilament Test (SWMFT) were used ...
Mahajan Ravi Kumar RK Department of Plastic Surgery, Amandeep Hospital, Amritsar, Punjab, - - 2013
Replantation is defined as reattachment of amputated limb using neurovascular and musculoskeletal structures in order to obtain recovery of limb. Re-vascularisation involves all the above steps in case of limb injuries that result in a near total amputation. To study the functional outcome of patients undergoing replantation of hand at ...
Holley Aaron B - - 2013
US soldiers suffer catastrophic injuries during combat. We sought to define risk factors and rates for VTE in this population. We gathered data each hospital day on all patients injured in Afghanistan or Iraq who were admitted to the Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC). We analyzed prophylaxis rates and ...
Vu Erik Nelson EN British Columbia Emergency Health Services, BC Ambulance Service Provincial AirEvac and Critical Care Operations, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. - - 2013
Major hemorrhage remains a leading cause of death in both military and civilian trauma. We report the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) as part of a trauma exanguination/massive transfusion protocol in the management of hemorrhagic shock in a civilian primary and secondary air medical evacuation (AME) helicopter EMS program. TXA ...
Zhang Yan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are effects of intervals between elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) and coronary angiography (CAG) on postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). The clinical data of patients undergoing OPCABG and CAG from June 2010 to December 2011 in Beijing Anzhen ...
Rad Nazi Derakhshan - - 2013
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a major growth factor in the activation and differentiation of granulocytes. This cytokine has been widely and safely employed, in different conditions over many years. In this translational study, G-CSF is administered in 19 patients with chronic motor complete spinal cord injury, and outcomes are ...
Joseph Bellal - - 2013
Most studies have categorized all antiplatelet drugs into one category. The aim of our study was to evaluate the utility of repeat head computed tomography (RHCT) and outcomes in patients on low-dose aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid; ASA) therapy. Patients with traumatic brain injury with intracranial hemorrhage on initial head computed tomography ...
Lee Dung Chul - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical and radiological results and proprioception following anterolateral single-bundle posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction with remnant preservation for PCL injury. Twenty patients with an isolated PCL injury (16 males and 4 females) were included in this study. The mean follow-up period was 61 months (≥24 months) and ...
Connizzo Brianne K - - 2013
Current clinical treatment after tendon repairs often includes prescribing NSAIDs to limit pain and inflammation. The negative influence of NSAIDs on bone repair is well documented, but their effects on tendon healing are less clear. While NSAIDs may be detrimental to early tendon healing, some evidence suggests that they may ...
Yazicioglu D - - 2013
Two spinal anaesthesia techniques were compared with local infiltration anaesthesia (LIA) to test the hypothesis that the addition of lidocaine to bupivacaine would decrease the spinal block's duration and provide shorter recovery to discharge. Ninety-three patients undergoing outpatient herniorrhaphy were randomised into three groups. Spinal anaesthesia: the BL Group (bupivacaine-lidocaine) ...
Saylisoy Suzan - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between cribriform plate (CP) dimensions and septal deviation degree. Coronal paranasal CT scans of 99 patients were reviewed. We measured depth and width of cribriform plate on both sides and compared with septal deviation side and septal deviation degree. ...
Andrási Terézia B - - 2013
Intestinal injury is thought to play a central role in the occurrence of multiorgan dysfunction after on-pump coronary surgery. Clinical benefits of off-pump revascularisation remain, however, controversial. Hepatic enzymes and plasmatic IL-6, IL-8 and intestinal-type fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) were determined in 20 patients (age 65-75) undergoing either on-pump ...
Yang M - - 2013
/st>Despite an increasing need, there is limited experience of double-lumen endobronchial tube (DLT) placement using video laryngoscope. We evaluated DLT intubation using an OptiScope, a rigid video-stylet with a malleable tip derived from the Clarus Video System, in comparison with a Macintosh laryngoscope. /st>After airway evaluation and anaesthetic induction, Cormack ...
Cotton Bryan A - - 2013
To determine whether resuscitation of severely injured patients with modified whole blood (mWB) resulted in fewer overall transfusions compared with component (COMP) therapy. For decades, whole blood (WB) was the primary product for resuscitating patients in hemorrhagic shock. After dramatic advances in blood banking in the 1970s, blood donor centers ...
Sullivan Leo P - - 2013
To present the use of retrograde mechanico-chemical endovenous ablation for ablating the remaining below-knee great saphenous vein in patients with venous stasis ulcers persisting after above-knee great saphenous vein ablation. This small study includes six patients with persistent C6EpAsPr ulcers following above-knee great saphenous vein ablation with no incompetent perforators. ...
Samama Cm - - 2013
In several small studies, anticoagulant therapy reduced the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with isolated lower-limb injuries. To compare the efficacy and safety of fondaparinux 2.5 mg (1.5 mg in patients with a creatinine clearance between 30 and 50 mL/min) over nadroparin 2850 anti-factor Xa IU. In this international, ...
Tu Yu-Liang - - 2013
To investigate the capacity of shunts to relieve portal hypertension and decrease the safe minimal liver remnant in pigs. A subtotal hepatectomy with < 60 mL blood loss and without hepatic pedicle occlusion was performed. The mesenteric venous inflow was diverted through a mesocaval shunt (MCS) constructed using the prepared ...
Dodakundi Chaitanya - - 2013
Double free muscle transfer for the treatment of traumatic total brachial plexus injury provides useful prehensile function. We studied the outcome of this muscle transfer procedure, including the changes in disability and quality-of-life scores. Thirty-six patients with traumatic total brachial plexus injury who underwent double free muscle transfer for reconstruction ...
Mantokoudis Georgios - - 2013
To describe vestibulo-ocular function in the immediate postoperative period after unilateral vestibular deafferentation from vestibular schwannoma resection. Prospective longitudinal study. Tertiary medical center. Five patients who underwent vestibular schwannoma resection via retrosigmoid approach. Bedside video-oculography and video head impulse testing (HIT). Static and dynamic measures of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) function ...
Tucker Adam - - 2013
Syndesmotic disruption can occur in up to 20% of ankle fractures and is more common in Weber Type C injuries. Syndesmotic repair aims to restore ankle stability. Routine removal of syndesmosis screws is advocated to avoid implant breakage and adverse functional outcome such as pain and stiffness, but conflicting evidence ...
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