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Results 251 - 300 of 2797
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Karas Vasili V Department of Orthopedics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North - - 2014
Previous case reports have documented the successful use of allograft for extensor mechanism reconstruction. We hypothesized that extensor mechanism reconstruction with allograft would restore extensor power and allow patients to return to a relatively high activity level. Between 2000 and 2007, 17 patients (18 knees) underwent extensor mechanism reconstruction with ...
Sohara Hiroshi H The Heart Rhythm Center, Hayama Heart - - 2014
Little is known about luminal esophageal temperature (LET) monitoring during catheter ablation for AF using the radiofrequency hot balloon (RHB) technology. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of the use of a unique esophageal cooling method during RHB ablation. In this observational study, 318 consecutive patients ...
Molund Marius M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevaal, Box 4950 Nydalen, 0424, Oslo, - - 2014
Knee dislocation may be associated with an injury to the common peroneal nerve with a subsequent foot drop. Previous studies have demonstrated good functional results after posterior tibial tendon transfer in patients with foot drop. No studies, to our knowledge, have focused exclusively on knee dislocation as the cause of ...
Okumura Yasuo Y Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Ohyaguchi-kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8610, Japan, - - 2014
Catheter ablation procedures for atrial fibrillation (AF) often involve circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Lack of reliable identification of conduction gaps along the ablation line necessitates additional ablation within previous lesion sets. We conducted a retrospective comparative study to determine the best PVI strategy for prevention of PV reconnections. We ...
Chen Y F YF Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital Yun-Lin Branch, Douliou City,Yunlin County, Taiwan - - - 2014
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting adherence to the low-tidal volume (LTV) strategy in acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and their impacts on outcomes. Methods: This prospective observational study included 111 patients with ALI/ARDS admitted to six intensive care ...
Goertz O O Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, Burn Center, BG-University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Ruhr-University Bochum, Buerkle-de-la-Camp-Platz 1, 44789 Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Burn wounds remain a challenge due to subsequent wound infection and septicemia, which can be prevented by acceleration of wound healing. The aim of the study was to analyze microcirculation and leukocyte endothelium interaction with particular focus on angiogenesis after full-thickness burn using three different repetitions of low energy shock ...
Lee Kyoung Mook KM Assistant Professor, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
To identify whether a negative suction drain is more effective than a Penrose drain in the decrease of postoperative swelling from a blowout fracture. This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent surgical treatment for isolated orbital floor fracture. The population was categorized into 2 groups: one with a ...
Rozenfeld Michael M Israel National Centre for Trauma and Emergency Research, Gertner institute, , Ramat Gan, - - 2014
Despite ISS being a widely accepted tool for measuring injury severity, many researchers and practitioners use different partition of ISS into severity groups. The lack of uniformity in ISS use inhibits proper comparisons between different studies. Creation of ISS group boundaries based on single AIS value squares and their sums ...
Talabani B B Insititute of Nephrology, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, - - 2014
Very little data exist regarding Community Acquired Acute Renal Injury (CA-AKI). We have identified and characterised a patient cohort with CA-AKI, and documented its impact on renal function and patient mortality. Using the data base of the Medical Biochemistry Department of the Cardiff and Vale University Health Board we identified ...
Drumm O O Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, William Harvey Research Institute, Bart's and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Hospital, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of a novel injection technique in the management of recalcitrant medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries of the knee. The injection, comprising 10 ml local anaesthetic with 25-50 mg hydrocortisone, is directed beneath the periosteal attachment of the MCL. Twenty-eight patients who received the intervention were asked to complete ...
De Jong Audrey A Intensive Care Unit, Anesthesia and Critical Care Department, Saint Eloi Teaching Hospital, University Montpellier 1, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295, Montpellier Cedex 5, - - 2014
Single studies of video laryngoscopy (VL) use for airway management in intensive care unit (ICU) patients have produced controversial findings. The aim of this study was to critically review the literature to investigate whether VL reduces difficult orotracheal intubation (OTI) rate, first-attempt success, and complications related to intubation in ICU ...
Mathew Deepak G DG Department of Anesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to evaluate the success rate of fiberoptic-guided endotracheal intubation through an Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA), a Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway (Cobra PLA), and a C-Trach Laryngeal Mask Airway (C-Trach) in patients whose necks are stabilized in a hard cervical collar. One hundred and eighty ...
Srinivasan K Kallidaikurichi KK Department of Anaesthesia, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Spinal anaesthesia performed at levels higher than the L3-4 intervertebral space may result in spinal cord injury. Our aim was to establish a protocol to reduce the chance of spinal anaesthesia performed at or above L2-3. One hundred and ten consenting patients at 32weeks of gestation or greater scheduled for ...
Koehler Shannon S University of Hawaii - Hawaii Residency Programs, General Surgery, 1356 Lusitana Street Suite 510, Honolulu, HI 96813. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pediatric burn patients traditionally require multiple dressing changes and significant amounts of narcotics. Negative pressure dressings (NPDs) have emerged as an effective wound therapy that may represent an alternative primary dressing for these patients. This is a single institution, retrospective study of pediatric burn patients treated with NPDs over a ...
Krych Aaron J AJ Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St., SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, - - 2014
To identify patient concomitant injury and surgical characteristics associated with 6-month excellent functional and isokinetic testing results following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Patients that underwent ACL reconstruction by a single surgeon had isokinetic and functional testing performed with excellent 6-month outcome defined as greater than 85 % in isokinetic strength ...
Karimi-Mobarakeh Mahmoud M Orthopedic Department, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, - - 2014
Weakness in knee flexion following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the key issues in the treatment of an ACL tear. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare clinical outcome measures of ACL reconstruction using semitendinosus autograft (ST) versus semitendinosus + gracilis (ST/G) reconstructive techniques. In a ...
Hu Shijun S Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, PR - - 2014
Percardiac device closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) is considered as an alternative to surgical repair in certain patients; however, the safety and validity of this technique in subaortic VSD are unproven. A total of 463 patients with subaortic VSD underwent two different operative procedures. The clinical data were collected ...
Chao Chia-Ter CT Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, 7 Chung-Shan South Road, Zhong-Zheng District, Taipei, 100, - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is gaining worldwide attention recently, emerging as a major public health threat. However, the association between the development of AKI and subsequent malignancy has not been studied before. We conducted a population study based on the Taiwan National Health Insurance database, using 1,000,000 representative database during ...
Halderman Ashleigh A AA Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland, - - 2014
Restylane is a relatively new material being used for temporary vocal fold medialization. Few studies have evaluated the safety, complication rate, and length of benefit derived from Restylane injection medialization. We report on 64 patients who underwent office-based injection medialization with Restylane to establish the safety of and length of ...
Pérez de Prado Armando A Grupo Cardiovascular (HemoLeon) de la Fundación Investigación Sanitaria en León y del Instituto de Biomedicina (IBIOMED), Universidad y Hospital de León, León, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Paclitaxel-eluting balloons have shown high antiproliferative efficacy in the treatment and prevention of restenosis. Nevertheless, not all available devices are equally effective, which makes it interesting to compare results in a preclinical model. Our objective was to assess the preclinical efficacy and safety of different devices. We implanted 51 metallic ...
Pérez de Prado Armando A Grupo Cardiovascular (HemoLeon) de la Fundación Investigación Sanitaria en León y del Instituto de Biomedicina (IBIOMED), Universidad y Hospital de León, León, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Paclitaxel-eluting balloons have shown high antiproliferative efficacy in the treatment and prevention of restenosis. Nevertheless, not all available devices are equally effective, which makes it interesting to compare results in a preclinical model. Our objective was to assess the preclinical efficacy and safety of different devices. We implanted 51 metallic ...
Maruyama Masaaki M Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shinonoi General Hospital, Shinonoi, Nagano 388-8004, - - 2014
The linear penetration rates for ceramic femoral heads on conventional and highly cross-linked polyethylene were measured and compared with radiographs taken in the standing and supine position taken three weeks postoperatively and at final follow-up. Seventy-five patients (83 hips) with conventional polyethylene (group-1) and two hundred and seventy five patients ...
Boretto Jorge G JG Department of the Hand and Upper Extremity, Instituto de Ortopedia y Traumatología "Dr. Prof. Carlos Ottolenghi", Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina, - - 2014
Open elbow dislocations are rare injuries. Most of the evidence related to these dislocations is found in case reports or in series with closed injuries. We reviewed the experiences of three centers in the treatment of open elbow dislocations. We compared the results after operative treatment of simple and complex ...
Boudissa M M Clinique universitaire de chirurgie orthopedique et de traumatologie du sport, hôpital Sud, CHU de Grenoble, avenue de Kimberley, 38130 Échirolles, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Quadriceps tendon ruptures are rare and mainly affect patients over 40 years of age who have a systemic disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes following surgical repair of acute quadriceps tendon ruptures. This retrospective study included 68 knees in 65 patients (three women, 62 men), having ...
Isomura Yoshihiro Y Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, - - 2014
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) cause a high frequency of mucosal injuries in the small intestine. However, no reliable intervention, other than cessation of NSAIDs, has been established. To evaluate whether irsogladine maleate reduces these injuries while continuing NSAID therapy. Prospective, interventional, endoscopist-blinded, randomized, controlled trial (RCT). University hospital. Patients regularly taking ...
Dundas Mark A MA a Internal Medicine , Jersey Shore University Medical Center , Neptune , NJ , - - 2014
Abstract Ankle sprains are a common injury and those affected are at a risk of developing chronic ankle instability (CAI). Complications of an acute sprain include increased risk of re-injury and persistent disability; however, the exact link between ankle sprains and chronic instability has yet to be elucidated. The purpose ...
Little Kevin J KJ Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229. E-mail address for K.J. Little: - - 2014
Nerve transfers using ulnar and/or median nerve fascicles to restore elbow flexion have been widely used following traumatic brachial plexus injury, but their utility following neonatal brachial plexus palsy remains unclear. The present multicenter study tested the hypothesis that these transfers can restore elbow flexion and supination in infants with ...
Uchida Kanji K Departments of *Anesthesiology ‡Health Management and Policy, Graduate School of Medicine †Department of Health Economics and Epidemiology Research, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo §Department of Health Policy and Informatics, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Remifentanil is an ultrashort-acting µ-opioid receptor agonist and is especially suitable for neuroanesthesia. We previously reported that general anesthesia with remifentanil for brain tumor resection was associated with lower postoperative mortality and shorter postoperative length of stay (LOS) when compared with surgeries without remifentanil. This phenomenon may also exist during ...
Song Qi-Xiang QX Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio; Department of Urology, Changhai Hospital, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; Advanced Platform Technology Rehabilitation R&D Center of Excellence, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, - - 2014
Pudendal nerve and external urethral sphincter (EUS) injury during vaginal delivery are risk factors for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Although most patients with short-term postpartum SUI regain continence within 1 year, they have a higher predisposition to develop recurrent SUI years later, suggesting a possible mechanistic relationship. In contrast, animal ...
Paschos Nikolaos K NK Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Ioannina, Greece; and the Department of Biomedical Engineering and Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Davis, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the effectiveness of buddy strapping and aluminum orthosis for treatment of proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint hyperextension injuries. We also evaluated the effect of age on the outcome by comparing our results in adults and children. One hundred twenty-one consecutive patients with a PIP joint hyperextension injury of the ...
Jiang Jimmy J JJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstructions are relatively common among professional pitchers in Major League Baseball (MLB). To the authors' knowledge, there has not been a study specifically analyzing pitching velocity after UCL surgery. These measurements were examined in a cohort of MLB pitchers before and after UCL reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS:There is ...
Choi Jae Hoon JH Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan 682-714, Republic of - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the characteristics of intentional fall injuries and the factors associated with their prognosis. The study included 8992 patients with unintentional falls from a height (nonintentional group) and 144 patients with intentional falls from a height (intentional group). General and clinical characteristics were compared between ...
Burlew Clay Cothren CC Department of Surgery, Denver Health Medical Center and the University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO. Electronic address: - - 2014
The role of stenting for blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) continues to be debated, with a trend toward more endovascular stenting. With the recent intracranial stenting trial halted in favor of medical therapy, however, management of BCVI warrants reassessment. The study purpose was to determine if antithrombotic therapy, rather than stenting, ...
Liu Guoyan - - 2014
Although hepatectomy is often performed with the Pringle maneuver, the problem of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI) can also be serious. Thus, the present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) on HIRI, especially for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) ...
Boyle Derek J DJ Academic Surgical Unit, National Centre for Bowel Research and Surgical Innovation, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United - - 2014
Electrically stimulated gracilis neosphincter is an established treatment for patients with end-stage fecal incontinence. Few data, however, describe its long-term efficacy. This study aimed to assess the long-term functional outcome associated with this procedure. Patients who underwent gracilis neosphincter construction between1989 and 2001 were identified from a prospectively recorded database. ...
Evans Charity H CH From the Department of Surgery (C.H.E.), University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska; Division of Trauma & Emergency Surgery, Department of Surgery (C.R.S., C.S.C.), and Department of Pharmacy (J.J.D.), University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California; and Department of Pharmacy (A.J.B.), Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, - - 2014
Cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) is often complicated by autonomic instability and life-threatening bradycardia. β-adrenergic receptors offer a potential target for modulating cardiac vagal activity and heart rate. Enteral albuterol may mitigate symptomatic bradycardia in CSCI patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of enteral albuterol ...
Azizzadeh Ali A From the Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, - - 2014
Traumatic aortic injury (TAI) remains a leading cause of death after blunt force. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been widely adopted as an alternative to open repair for the treatment of TAI. Although significant short-term benefits have been demonstrated for patients undergoing TEVAR, longer-term follow-up data are lacking. Trauma ...
Ulus A Tulga AT Cardiovascular Surgery Clinic, Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
The mortality and morbidity rates of even extensive thoracoabdominal replacement have improved markedly in recent years. We investigated the effects of a temporary occlusion of the aorta as a direct precondition and temporary occlusion of the axillary artery for remote preconditioning to determine any effects that preconditioning may have on ...
Yang Xiaofeng X Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia - - 2014
The study aims to investigate whether Nakagami parameters-estimated from the statistical distribution of the backscattered ultrasound radio-frequency (RF) signals-could provide a means for quantitative characterization of parotid-gland injury resulting from head-and-neck radiotherapy. A preliminary clinical study was conducted with 12 postradiotherapy patients and 12 healthy volunteers. Each participant underwent one ...
Belcaro G G Department of Biomedical Sciences, Irvine3 Labs, Chieti-Pescara University, Spoltore, Pescara, Italy - - - 2014
Aim: The aim of this registry study was to evaluate the evolution of moderate functional hepatic failure (MTHF) using a proprietary new oak wood supplement (Robuvit®) extracted from Quercus Robur. Recent studies have indicated the protective effect of oak wood extracts on liver injury. Quercus wood extracts have shown hepatoprotective ...
Laudner Kevin K Illinois State University, Normal, IL, - - 2014
Due to the repetitive rotational and distractive forces exerted onto the posterior shoulder during the deceleration phase of the overhead throwing motion, limited glenohumeral (GH) range of motion (ROM) is a common trait found among baseball players, making them prone to a wide variety of shoulder injuries. Although utilization of ...
Ozaydin Mehmet - - 2014
Oxidative stress and inflammation during cardiac surgery may be associated with acute renal injury (ARI). N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and carvedilol have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. A combination of carvedilol and NAC should decrease the incidence of ARI more than metoprolol or carvedilol. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery were randomized to metoprolol, ...
Harris Joshua D - - 2014
Objective guidelines permitting safe return to sport following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are infrequently used. The purpose of this study was to determine the published return to sport guidelines following ACL reconstruction in Level I randomized controlled trials. A systematic review was performed using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic ...
Siggelkow W W Department of Gynaecology, Diakonische Dienste Hannover GmbH, - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of the Kiwi OmniCup system with conventional vacuum delivery. Methods: A retrospective study of operative vaginal deliveries was done for 4682 births. The procedures included 217 operative vaginal deliveries (4.6 %), 79 of which were done using ...
Zuo H Y HY MD, Surgical Residen, Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling General Hospital, Nanjing, JiangSu, - - 2014
To describe a modified negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) apparatus, made mainly of an environmentally-friendly material derived from the retinervus luffae fructus (RLF; or loofah) plant. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients with skin defects on their limbs who underwent treatment with the RLF-NPWT device from September 2012 to ...
Dela Cruz Jonathan E JE Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, Springfield, - - 2014
Various types of sedation can be used for the reduction of a dislocated total hip arthroplasty. Traditionally, an opiate/benzodiazepine combination has been employed. The use of other pharmacologic agents, such as etomidate and propofol, have more recently gained popularity. Currently no studies directly comparing these sedation agents have been carried ...
Baidya Dalim Kumar DK Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Though once considered the gold standard, epidural anaesthesia has complications that may be significant and include hypotension, urinary retention, partial or patchy block and, in rare cases, devastating neurological injuries also. Paravertebral block (PVB) is an alternative technique for unilateral surgical procedures like thoracotomy, which may offer similar analgesic effectiveness ...
Kim Min Young MY Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Medical Center; - - 2014
Object Mannitol, an osmotic agent used to decrease intracranial pressure, can cause acute kidney injury (AKI). The objectives of this study were to assess the impact of mannitol on the incidence and severity of AKI and to identify risk factors and outcome for AKI in patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). ...
Yan Denglu D Orthopaedics Department, Nanshan Hospital of Guangdong Medical College, NO. 89, Taoyuan Road, Shenzhen, Peoples' Republic of China, - - 2014
It currently remains unclear whether the meniscal repair clinical results were affected by the graft used in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This retrospective study designed to evaluate the difference in clinical outcomes of meniscal repair using autograft and allograft for the ACL reconstruction. The injury of the ACL and ...
Li Meng M Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, People's Republic of - - 2014
Objectives To investigate the efficacy of laryngeal reinnervation with ansa cervicalis among unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) patients with different denervation durations. Study Design We retrospectively reviewed 349 consecutive UVFP cases of delayed ansa cervicalis to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) anastomosis. Potential influencing factors were analyzed in multivariable logistic ...
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