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Results 201 - 250 of 2831
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Zhu Bing B Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400010, China, - - 2014
To investigate the protective effects of oxymatrine (OMT) on lung ischemia reperfusion injury (LIRI) in rabbits, models of LIRI in rabbit were used. Thirty-two rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: control group (n = 8), ischemia reperfusion group (I/R group, n = 8), OMTl group (n = 8), OMT2 group (n = 8). Lung tissue samples were ...
Fujita Shigeyuki S Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama City, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The object of this study was to assess the effects of an inside-out vein graft as a cuff after direct suture on human lingual nerve regeneration and recovery after iatrogenic lingual nerve injury. Ten patients with unilateral lingual nerve anesthesia as a complication of iatrogenic injury after third molar extraction ...
Kudo S S Graduate School of Suzuka University of Medical Science, Japan; Department of Physical therapy, Morinomiya University of Medical Science, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To measure the percentage of the transverse arch length (%TAL) in 2 positions using a 3-dimensional motion capture system to determine the flexibility of the transverse arch of the forefoot. METHODS. 19 men and 10 women with no lower extremity injury or deformity were included. The %TAL of the ...
Jamaliya Ramila H RH Department of Anesthesiology, Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical College (B.J.M.C), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2014
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine (DEX) as a hypotensive agent in comparison to nitroglycerin (NTG) in posterior fixation surgery for traumatic spine injury. Forty patients ASA I or II aged 18-65 years scheduled for posterior fixation surgery were randomly assigned to receive either DEX 1 ...
Kim Young Sam YS Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Inha University School of Medicine, - - 2014
Here, we report a case of massive rhabdomyolysis following an uncomplicated repair of a ventricular septal defect in a five-month-old baby. Postoperatively, the patient was hemodynamically stable but metabolic acidosis continued, accompanied by fever and delayed mental recovery. The next day, he became comatose and never regained consciousness thereafter. The ...
Klausner Adam P AP Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia, - - 2014
We have reached the 42nd anniversary of the landmark paper by Jack Lapides1 which introduced the world to the concept of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC). This sentinel work led to a paradigm shift in bladder management for individuals with neurogenic bladder dysfunction and other causes of urinary retention. It is ...
Kaplan Y Y Lerner Sports Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, - - 2014
As younger,healthier patients are having THA, a greater emphasis is being placed on postoperative function, activity, and exercise. With recent advances in implant technology and surgical technique, the survival rates for modern prosthetic designs and patients with these high demands are promising. There is no current consensus on the safety ...
Holscher Courtenay M CM University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early tracheostomy has been advocated for adult trauma patients to improve outcomes and resource utilization. We hypothesized that timing of tracheostomy for severely injured children would similarly impact outcomes. Injured children undergoing tracheostomy over a 10-year period (2002-2012) were reviewed. Early tracheostomy was defined as post-injury day ≤7. Data were ...
Porter Austin A From the Arkansas Department of Health (A.P.); and Arkansas Children's Hospital (D.W., J.R., R.T.M.) Little Rock, Arkansas; and Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health (S.M.B.), University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, - - 2014
The state of Arkansas developed and implemented a comprehensive inclusive trauma system in July 2010. The Arkansas Trauma Communication Center (ATCC) is a central component in the system, designed to facilitate both scene transports and interfacility transfers within the state. The first 18 months of operations were examined to evaluate ...
Perdices E V - - 2014
Objectives: The hepatotoxic potential of statins is controversial. The objectives of this study were to describe the relative frequency of hepatotoxicity caused by statins and the phenotypes found in Spain.Patients and methods: The incidence of hepatotoxicity attributed to statins in the Spanish Hepatotoxicity Registry (REH) were studied and compared with ...
Abtahi Amir M AM Department of Orthopaedics, The University of Utah School of Medicine, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, - - 2014
A variety of fixation techniques for subpectoral biceps tenodeses have been described including interference screw and suture anchor fixation. Biomechanical data suggests that dual suture anchor fixation has equivalent strength compared to interference screw fixation. The purpose of the study is to determine the early complication rate after subpectoral biceps ...
Espejo-Reina Alejandro A Complejo Hospitalario de Jaén, Jaén, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the outcomes after repair of chronic bucket-handle medial meniscal tears by use of magnetic resonance imaging, clinical examination, and patient-reported outcomes. A retrospective review of patients with chronic bucket-handle medial meniscal tears that had been repaired with meniscal sutures was undertaken. The ...
Rajappa S S Department of Orthopedics and Hand surgery, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate outcome of 6-strand triple Kessler repair for flexor tendon injuries, followed by early active motion rehabilitation. METHODS. 25 men and one woman (36 fingers) underwent 6-strand triple Kessler repair for flexor tendon injuries in zones 2 to 5, followed by early active motion rehabilitation. Rehabilitation was started ...
Nedelec Bernadette B School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Canada; Centre de recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Canada; Hôpital de réadaptation Villa Medica, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Quantitative studies of the clinical recovery of burn scars are currently lacking. Previous reports validate the objective, precise, diagnostic capabilities of high-frequency ultrasound to measure thickness, the Cutometer(®) to measure pliability and the Mexameter(®) to measure erythema and pigmentation of scars. Thus, we prospectively quantified clinical characteristics of patient-matched, after ...
Chang Samuel J SJ From the Department of Emergency Medicine (S.J.C., D.J.K., D.W.C.), Department of Surgery (S.W.R, A.T.R., R.S.), and Cannon Research Center (W.E.A.), Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North - - 2014
Five-centimeter needles at the second intercostal space midclavicular line (2MCL) have high failure rates for decompression of tension pneumothorax. This study evaluates 8-cm needles directed at the fourth intercostal space anterior axillary line (4AAL). Retrospective radiographic analysis of 100 consecutive trauma patients 18 years or older from January to September ...
Khodaee M M University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, - - 2014
Despite increased ultramarathon participation in recent years, little is known about causes of race incompletion. This study surveyed runners of three 161-168 km ultramarathons in Europe and North America to explore characteristics and issues that affected race performance. Determine human and environmental factors related to failure to complete ultramarathons of ...
Chowdhury A Z AZ Dr Abu Zaffar Chowdhury, Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Shahbagh, Dhaka, - - 2014
Large number of patients suffers from medial meniscus injury during athletic activities despite of not being involved in professional sports. Our goal was to compare clinical and functional outcome of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy with results of arthroscopic total meniscectomy of the medial meniscus in these non-professional athletes. The prospective interventional ...
Sun H H Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 YiShan Road, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
Our aim was to compare polylevolactic acid screws with titanium screws when used for fixation of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis at mid-term follow-up. A total of 168 patients, with a mean age of 38.5 years (18 to 72) who were randomly allocated to receive either polylevolactic acid (n = 86) ...
Suh In Bum IB 0000-0001-7012-0305 Department of Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, - - 2014
This study was performed to examine the role of transglutaminase 2 (TG2) in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). C57BL/6 mice were divided into six experimental groups: 1) control group; 2) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group; 3) lung protective ventilation (LPV) group; 4) VILI group; 5) VILI with cystamine, a TG2 inhibitor, pretreatment (Cyst+VILI) ...
Hasankhani E G EG Orthopedic Research Center, Orthopedic Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate treatment outcome of tension band wiring followed by posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation for thoracolumbar flexiondistraction injury (FDI). METHODS. 36 men and 12 women aged 21 to 56 (mean, 36) years underwent tension band wiring followed by posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation using pedicular screws for FDI ...
Porto Elias Ferreira EF Curso de Graduação em Fisioterapia, Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the effectiveness of the alveolar recruitment maneuver and the breath stacking technique with respect to lung mechanics and gas exchange in patients with acute lung injury. Methods: Thirty patients were distributed into two groups: Group 1 - breath stacking; and Group 2 - alveolar recruitment maneuver. After ...
Ihle Christoph - - 2014
With incorrect or even without treatment, acute injuries of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) can lead to chronic instability of the knee joint. After delayed treatment, negative occupational changes and reduced quality of life can occur. These aspects have not yet been investigated. The purpose of this study was to ...
Qutub Hatem H From the Department of Critical Care & Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Medicine (H-Q), Department of Anaesthesia and Surgical ICU (MR-ET, HA-M, AA-AS), and Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery (YF-EG, MA-R), King Fahd Hospital of the University of Dammam, Al Khubar, Saudi - - 2014
The use of low tidal volume during one-lung ventilation (OLV) has been shown to attenuate the incidence of acute lung injury after thoracic surgery. To test the effect of tidal volume during OLV for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery on the extravascular lung water content index (EVLWI). A prospective, randomised, double-blind, controlled ...
Balint I B IB Department of Surgery, Kanizsai Dorottya Hospital, Hospital of Nagykanizsa, Hungary - - - 2014
Our aim was to prove the effectiveness, reliability and minimal invasiveness of cryosclerosis. A prospective nonrandomized study had been performed at our institute. 96 patients were involved. 48 patients were treated by croysclerosis and the other 48 by conventional stripping. Every time high ligation and phlebectomy of varices were done, ...
Amano Hiroshi H Department of Orthopaedics, Osaka Rosai Hospital, 1179-3, Nagasonecho, Kitaku, Sakai, Osaka, 591-8025, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical outcome of anatomical double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using multistranded hamstring tendons via an outside-in approach. One hundred and twenty-one patients (mean age 28 ± 10 years) who underwent ACL reconstruction were examined. Using an outside-in femoral drill guide, an upper femoral tunnel for the anteromedial (AM) graft ...
New P W PW 1] Spinal Rehabilitation Unit, Caulfield Hospital, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia [2] Epworth-Monash Rehabilitation Medicine Unit, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Study design:Retrospective, open-cohort, consecutive case series.Objective:To describe the demographic characteristics, clinical features and outcomes in patients undergoing initial in-patient rehabilitation after an infectious cause of spinal cord myelopathy.Setting:Spinal Rehabilitation Unit, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Admissions between 1 January 1995 and 31 December 2010.Methods:The following data were recorded: aetiology of spinal cord ...
Yasa H H Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Katip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The role of carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of atherosclerotic carotid bifurcation disease is now well established. The aim of this study was to compare durability, postoperative death, stroke, minor strokes, cranial nerve injuries, neck hematomas, myocardial infarctions, or surgical defects and restenosis at the operative site following short- and ...
Sun Gang G Department of Medical Imaging, Jinan Military General Hospital, Jinan, Shandong Province, - - 2014
Spinal metastasis with epidural encroachment is regarded by several authors to be a contraindication to percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) because of the risk of increasing symptomatic leakage of cement. This analysis aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PVP in patients with painful spinal metastasis and encroachment of epidural space. ...
Kayssi Ahmed A Division of Vascular Surgery, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Acute limb ischemia (ALI) in pediatric patients is rare but may lead to limb loss and life-long complications. This study reviewed the experience of a Canadian tertiary pediatric center with the medical and operative management of ALI. The medical records of inpatients diagnosed with ALI of the upper or lower limb ...
Iafrancesco Mauro M Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery/Thoracic Aortic Multidisciplinary Team, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
Fenestrated and branch endografts represent a totally endovascular solution for high-risk patients with atherosclerotic thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs). This study reports the early outcome of endovascular TAAA repair. Interrogation of a prospective database of consecutive patients who underwent endovascular repair (EVAR) for TAAA between June 2007 and October 2012. Sixty-two ...
Santana-Santos Eduesley E Heart Institute (InCor), Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, - - 2014
The renoprotective effect of N-acetylcystein in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery is controversial. We assessed the renoprotective effect of the highest dose of N-acetylcystein sanctioned for clinical use in a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study including 70 chronic kidney disease patients, stage 3 or 4, who underwent coronary artery ...
Cox Charles L CL Vanderbilt Orthopaedic Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Identifying risk factors for inferior outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is important for prognosis and future treatment. HYPOTHESIS:Articular cartilage lesions and meniscus tears/treatment would predict International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) (all 5 subscales), and Marx activity level at 6 years ...
Corrao Giovanni G Division of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Statistics and Quantitative Methods, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the association between acute kidney injury and exposure to either high-potency statins or low-potency statins. A population-based, nested case-control study was performed on a cohort of 316,449 patients from Lombardy (Italy) newly treated with statins between 2007 and 2010 aged 40 years or older. 458 patients experienced acute ...
Lund Bent B Division of Sports Trauma, University Hospital of Aarhus, Aarhus, - - 2014
The purpose of this randomized controlled study was to compare knee stability, kneeling pain, harvest site pain, sensitivity loss, and subjective clinical outcome after primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with either bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) or quadriceps tendon-bone (QTB) autografts in a noninferiority study design. From 2005 to 2009, a ...
Panaro Fabrizio F Department of General and Liver Transplant Surgery, University of Montpellier, Hôpital Saint Eloi, 80 avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295, Montpellier-Cedex 5, - - 2014
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) may cause damage to the hepatic artery (HA) and impact the postoperative course of the liver transplantation (LT). We aim to describe the relationship between preoperative TACE and the occurrence of histological and radiological hepatic artery complications (HAC). All cirrhotic patients ...
Kowalczyk Jacek J Department of Cardiology, Congenital Heart Diseases and Electrotherapy, Silesian Center for Heart Diseases, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Curie-Sklodowskiej 9, Zabrze, Poland, - - 2014
Because data on contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-D) are scarce, we aimed to assess the incidence, natural course and prognostic importance of this syndrome in CRT recipients. Study population consisted of 100 consecutive patients enrolled into the Triple Site Versus Standard Cardiac Resynchronization ...
Shelbourne K Donald KD Shelbourne Knee Center, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:The return-to-sport and reinjury rates are not well defined after revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS:School-age athletes would have a higher rate of return to sports and reinjury to either knee after revision ACL surgery compared with college or recreational athletes. STUDY DESIGN:Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS:Patients ...
Bailey Andrea Kay AK Department of Physiotherapy, RJAH Orthopaedic NHS Foundation Trust, Oswestry, United - - 2014
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) aims to restore hyaline cartilage. Traditionally ACI rehabilitation is prescribed in a concurrent (CON) format However, it is well known from studies in asymptomatic populations that CON training produces an interference effect that can attenuate strength gains. Strength is integral to joint function, adopting a non-concurrent ...
Majdan M M Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University,Trnava, Slovakia - - - 2014
Background: The goal of this paper was to investigate the association between patterns of intracranial hypertension (IH) and outcomes, to describe the treatment of patients with different patterns of IH, and to examine whether IH is an independent predictor of mortality and unfavourable outcome, respectively. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data ...
Yin Peng P Department of Orthopaedics, Chinese PLA General Hospital, No. 28 Fuxin Road, Beijing 100853, PR China; Medical College, Nankai University, No. 94 Weijin Road, Tianjin 300071, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare treatment results and complication rates between lateral and posterior approaches in surgical treatment of extra-articular distal humeral shaft fractures. Between June 2008 and May 2012, a total of 68 patients with extra-articular distal humeral shaft fractures were treated by lateral and posterior ...
Iyer Dr Geetha DG Medical Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, 18 College Road, Chennai - 600006, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the cases of lamina resorption following the modified osteoodonto keratoprosthesis (MOOKP) procedure. Retrospective case series Patients & Methods: Case records of 18 eyes (20 laminae) of 17 patients who showed evidence of lamina resorption out of the 85 eyes (87 laminae) of 82 patients that underwent MOOKP procedure ...
Sellin Jonathan N JN Neuro-Spine Program, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, 6621 Fannin Street, CCC 1230.01, 12th Floor, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2014
We present a small series consisting of eight children with unilateral facet injury of the cervical spine treated surgically. A retrospective review was performed. Injury data, radiographs, surgical data, and outcomes (Neck Disability Index (NDI), Short Form 36 (SF-36), and Visual Analog Scale for Neck Pain (VAS-NP)) were collected from ...
Li-Jun L L Department of Spine Surgery, Bone and Joint Medical Center, East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
Study design:In vitro human cadaveric biomechanical study.Objectives:To investigate the roles of transverse atlantal ligament (TAL) and longitudinal ligament (LL) of the upper cervical spine (UCS) in maintaining atlantoaxial stability.Setting:China.Methods:Six intact UCS specimens were harvested and embedded in polymethylmethacrylate. Three-dimensional movements including flexion, extension, right and left lateral bending, and axial ...
Svabik K K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of two standard surgical procedures for post-hysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse in patients with levator ani avulsion. This was a single-center, randomized interventional trial, of two standard surgical procedures for post-hysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse: Prolift Total vs unilateral vaginal sacrospinous colpopexy with native tissue vaginal repair (sacrospinous ...
Kishikova Lyudmila L Queen Victoria Hospital, Holtye Road, East Grinstead, West Sussex RH19 3DZ, UK; Brighton and Sussex Medical School, University of Sussex, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 9PX, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little evidence has been produced on the best practice for managing paediatric burns. We set out to develop a formal approach based on the finding that hypertrophic scarring is related to healing-time, with durations under 21 days associated with improved scar outcome. Incorporating new advances in burn care, we compared ...
Montserrat-Bosch M M Faculty of Dentistry - University of Barcelona, Campus de Bellvitge, Facultat d`Odontologia, Cirugía e Implantología Bucal, C/ Feixa Llarga, s/n; Pavelló Govern, 2 planta, Despatx 2.9, 08907 L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the efficacy and complication rates of two different techniques for inferior alveolar nerve blocks (IANB). Study Design: A randomized, triple-blind clinical trial comprising 109 patients who required lower third molar removal was performed. In the control group, all patients received an IANB using the conventional Halsted technique, ...
Joaquim Andrei F AF Division of Neurosurgery, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil; - - 2014
The Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score (TLICS) was developed to improve injury classification and guide surgical decision making, yet validation remains necessary. This study evaluates the neurological outcome of patients with thoracolumbar spine trauma (TLST) treated according to the TLICS. The TLICS was prospectively applied to a consecutive series ...
Wannapakhe Jirabhorn J J. Wannapakhe, School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, - - 2014
Ambulatory patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) encounter a high risk of falls. However, most of the fall data were subjectively reported without evidence to confirm the functional ability of those with and without falls. To prospectively evaluate the changes in functional ability relating to falls in participants with SCI ...
Yi Ping P Department of Orthopedic Surgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Objective: Pediatric patients with insufficient height (≤4 mm) of the C1 posterior arch may restrict atlas screw placement via the posterior arch and lateral mass (PALM). For these patients, we modified this technique, called the 'pedicle exposure technique' (PET). We aimed to analyze the clinical feasibility and safety of the ...
McAlvin J Brian JB Department of Medicine, Division of Medicine Critical Care, Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Laboratory for Biomaterials and Drug Delivery, Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Building 76-661, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2014
Clinical translation of sustained release formulations for local anesthetics has been limited by adverse tissue reaction. Exparel™ (DepoFoam bupivacaine) is a new liposomal local anesthetic formulation whose biocompatibility near nerve tissue is not well characterized. Exparel™ injection caused sciatic nerve blockade in rats lasting 240 min compared to 120 min for 0.5% (w/v) bupivacaine ...
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