Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2574
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Shinjo Hibiki - - 2013
The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) group proposed to adopt the 48-h time window for the 0.3  mg/dL rise in serum creatinine (sCr) proposed by the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) group as a modification to the original risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage renal disease criteria, keeping the ...
Tillou Areti - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Functional recovery is an important outcome following injury. Functional impairment is persistent in the year following injury for older trauma patients. OBJECTIVE To measure the impact of routine geriatric consultation on functional outcomes in older trauma patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In this pretest-posttest study, the pretest control group ...
El Masri Y W S - - 2013
Study design:Retrospective review of findings during cystourethroscopic surveillance of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with indwelling urethral catheters (IUC) and suprapubic catheters (SPC) monitored between January 2003 and December 2008.Objectives:To audit and compare findings between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients and between SPC and IUC population. To systematically review the literature including ...
Tourville Timothy W - - 2013
BACKGROUND:It has been hypothesized that quadriceps muscle weakness is directly associated with the onset and progression of posttraumatic osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction (ACLR). This relationship, however, has not been studied with a prospective approach that includes the use of tibiofemoral joint space width difference (JSW-D) ...
Lee Ho Seong - - 2013
Prior to 1994, plantar fascia ruptures were considered as an acute injury that occurred primarily in athletes. However, plantar fascia ruptures have recently been reported in the setting of preexisting plantar fasciitis. We analyzed risk factors causing plantar fascia rupture in the presence of preexisting plantar fasciitis. We retrospectively reviewed ...
Kwak Hee Yong HY Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of thyroidectomy using the Harmonic ACE scalpel (HS) or the LigaSure Precise (LS) instrument in conventional thyroidectomy. A prospective, randomized controlled trial was performed. Between August 2011 and June 2012, 832 patients who required thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid ...
Martinčič David - - 2013
This prospective study assessed the 10-year clinical outcomes of periosteum autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) due to cartilage lesions of the femoral condyles. Thirty-three of 45 patients (3 failures, 7 non-responders, 2 others) were available for clinical and radiographic evaluation at 2, 5, and 10 years. Patients were categorized into groups with ...
Wong S - - 2013
Background/objectives:To evaluate whether undernutrition risk measured using the Spinal Nutrition Screening Tool (SNST) and the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) is associated with worse clinical outcomes in respect of length of in-patient hospital stay (LOS) and mortality in the 12 months after admission to a spinal cord injuries (SCIs) centre.Methods:A ...
Kim Seung-Ju - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the characteristics of the discoid lateral meniscus in patients more than forty years of age. We studied whether a torn discoid lateral meniscus that has no treatment until middle age would increase the tendency of the knee to develop a varus ...
Lykissas Marios G - - 2013
Despite common utilization of intraoperative electrophysiologic neuromonitoring injuries to the lumbar plexus during lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) have been reported. Emerging data suggests that recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) use during an anterior or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion may be associated with an increased risk of neurological deficit. ...
Lahner Matthias - - 2013
An extension deficit of the elbow joint can be caused by various pathologies such as arthroliths, posttraumatic scar tissues, synovitis, capsular fibrosis of the anterior joint compartment, osteophytes in the area of the olecranon fossa or osteochondral lesions (OCL). Arthroscopic treatment is a good therapeutic option for theses pathologies. We ...
Jamison Jim - - 2013
Management of the neurogenic bladder has the primary objectives of maintaining continence, ensuring low bladder pressure (to avoid renal damage) and avoiding or minimising infection. Options include intermittent urethral catheterisation, indwelling urethral or suprapubic catheterisation, timed voiding, use of external catheter (for men), drug treatment, augmentation cystoplasty and urinary diversion. ...
Lee Sang Hak SH Center for Joint Diseases and Rheumatism, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Seoul, - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to compare the clinical results of 3 posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction techniques according to the time from injury to surgery and remnant PCL status and to evaluate the efficiency of each technique. The records of 89 patients who underwent primary PCL reconstructions with ...
Park Ye-Soo YS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Guri, - - 2013
Few studies have explored the effects of bisphosphonates on bony healing in patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery. Most previous studies used animal models and found that bisphosphonate shows negative effects on spinal fusion consolidation. We intended to evaluate the effect of a single-dose of zoledronic acid on the volume of ...
Hasan Khadar M - - 2013
In this report, we applied diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) methods in 36 patients with uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and a comparison group of 37 participants with orthopedic injury. Our goal was to characterize regional and global macrostructural and microstructural attributes of white matter (WM), gray matter (GM) in ...
Helton Matthew S - - 2013
A transection of the short head of the biceps brachii muscle is an uncommon injury seen among outpatient sports medicine physical therapy clinics. The highest rate of occurrence and the majority of literature that discusses this specific injury are related to U.S. military parachuting. The purpose of this case report ...
Godoy Daniel Agustín - - 2013
Refractory intracranial hypertension (RICH) is associated with high mortality in severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). Indomethacin (INDO) can decrease intracranial cerebral pressure (ICP) improving cerebral pressure perfusion (CPP). Our aim was to determine modifications in ICP and CPP following INDO in RICH secondary to sTBI. INDO was administered in a ...
Chen Jun-Feng - - 2013
Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a severe disease with high mortality. Immune injury plays an important role during the early stage of the disease. Our research aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of dexamethasone therapy for patients with HBV related ACLF. A total ...
Anantha Ram V RV Department of Surgery, Western University, London, Ontario, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of analgesia in the resuscitative phase of severely injured children and adolescents. A retrospective cohort of paediatric (age<18 years), severely injured (ISS≥12) patients were identified from the London Health Sciences Centre's Trauma Registry from 2007 to 2010. Variables were compared ...
Almosnino Sivan - - 2013
Bilateral knee strength evaluations of unilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficient patients using isokinetic dynamometry are commonly performed in rehabilitation settings. The most frequently-used outcome measure is the peak moment value attained by the knee extensor and flexor muscle groups. However, other strength curve features may also be of clinical ...
Chen Ching-Chang - - 2013
Anterior cervical disectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a highly effective and safe method for spinal cord and cervical root decompression. However, vocal cord paralysis (VCP) remains an important cause of postoperative morbidity. The true incidence and recovery course of postoperative VCP is still uncertain. This study is a report on ...
Arom Gabriel A - - 2013
Knee dislocations are uncommon but devastating orthopaedic injuries. Little is known about their frequency and the types of patients who are affected. Using a large national insurance database, we determined (1) the incidence of knee dislocation in patients with orthopaedic injuries and examined the incidence as a function of (2) ...
Jian Liu - - 2013
Endotracheal re-intubation following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is often associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, few reports have focused on the independent risk factors for re-intubation following CABG. This study aimed to evaluate the independent risk factors for re-intubation following CABG. The pre-, intra-, and post-operative materials in ...
Yoon Kyoung Ho - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Because of the anatomic and biomechanical differences between the lateral and medial menisci, it is believed that the indications, combined injuries, techniques, and outcomes of the 2 meniscus allograft transplantation (MAT) procedures may be different. HYPOTHESIS:Medial meniscus transplantation (medial group) usually combines concomitant surgeries, such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ...
Barbanti Marco - - 2013
Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) can be associated with varying degrees of new renal impairment. The aim of this multicentre analysis was to determine the impact and predictors of periprocedural acute kidney injury (AKI) on prognosis after TAVI. Methods and results: From the ClinicalService® (a nation-based data repository and ...
Geng Guiqi - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of preloading the epidural space with normal saline (NS) on the incidence of complications of epidural catheter placement and spinal anesthesia for cesarean section. Two hundred and ninety parturients at full term, who were scheduled for cesarean section under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia were randomly divided into ...
Shen Yaxing - - 2013
Postoperative chylothorax is a rare, but potentially fatal complication after esophagectomy. Preventive measures aimed at decreasing the incidence of chyle leakage after minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) could potentially reduce the high postoperative mortality associated with this complication. However, previous techniques are traumatic and time consuming. We present a simple method ...
Gu Yong - - 2013
No reports to date have accurately evaluated the management for acute spinal cord injury (SCI) caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) after minor trauma. To assess whether outcomes of laminoplasty is better than conservative treatment. A retrospective study. Thirty-one patients underwent surgery (L group) and 29 patients ...
Noaman Hassan Hamdy - - 2013
Children who had internal rotation contracture deformities of the shoulder secondary to obstetric brachial plexus palsy were studied. The outcomes of anterior shoulder release and tendon transfer in 1-stage procedure were analyzed. Anterior shoulder release and tendon transfer in 2 separate incisions as 1 procedure were performed in 76 patients ...
Craxford S - - 2013
As part of a wider drive to reduce Clostridium difficile rates (CDAD), our trust switched from cefuroxime to gentamicin and flucloxacillin prophylaxis for joint replacement surgery. Anecdotal evidence suggested that we were seeing an increased incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) following elective total hip replacement (THR) and total knee ...
Johnson R K - - 2013
"Acute tubular necrosis (ATN)-like" changes in type I acute antibody- mediated rejection (AAMR) have been proposed since 2005, but the presence of "ATN-like" injury in AAMR has not well been established. The aim of this study was to confirm the presence of acute tubular injury in type I AAMR, using ...
de Valk Eduard J - - 2013
The aim of this systematic review was to determine which patient determinants and injury factors, before anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction by arthroscopic single-bundle techniques, affect postoperative rehabilitation. A search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Clinical Trials was performed up to February 2013. After application of our inclusion ...
Shao Anwen - - 2013
Malignant cerebral artery infarction is one kind of ischemic stroke with high mortality. The aim of this study was to analyze comparatively the preoperative and postoperative clinical data as well as the prognostic factors in these patients who underwent improved decompressive craniectomy or routine decompressive craniectomy. A total of 131 ...
Watanabe Shobu - - 2013
In a rabbit model of bleomycin-induced lung injury, computed tomography (CT) and pathological studies were conducted to investigate whether the progression of this injury is inhibited by pirfenidone and by triple therapy with pirfenidone, edaravone and erythropoietin. We divided nine rabbits with bleomycin-induced lung injury into three equally sized groups. ...
Raja Shahzad G - - 2013
The choice of the graft conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has significant implications both in the short- and long-term. The patency of a coronary conduit is closely associated with an uneventful postoperative course, better long-term patient survival and superior freedom from re-intervention. The internal mammary artery is regarded ...
Meirelles Rafael Panisi de Campos - - 2013
To describe an experimental model of cutaneous radiation injury in rabbits. On this study eight six-month-old New Zealand male rabbits, with an average weight of 2.5kg were used. They were distributed in four groups (n=2 per group). The control group did not receive radiotherapy and the others received one radiotherapy ...
Stan G - - 2013
Introduction: The aim of this study is to assess the changesinduced by the unilateral total knee arthroplasty procedurein human postural control.Materials and methods: The measurements were performedusing the ”AMTI AccuGait” force plate. Subjects completedthree consecutive double-limb standing balance trials. Themediolateral and anteroposterior displacements were derivedfrom the force and moment profiles ...
Lim Kyung Seob KS Korea Cardiovascular Stent Institute, Jangseong, Korea. ; Heart Research Center Nominated by Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare, Gwangju, Korea. ; Cardiovascular Research Center, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the histolopathogical effects among the biolimus, zotarolimus, and everolimus eluting stent (EES) in the porcine coronary restenosis model. Pigs were randomized into three groups in which the coronary arteries (15 pigs, 10 coronaries in each group) had either a biolimus A9 eluting ...
Chen Po-Han - - 2013
Background: Unstable posterior ring injuries of the pelvis are a challenge to pelvic surgeons, and their treatment has been controversial. The functional outcomes of such injuries following either percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation or conservative treatment remain to be elucidated. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 32 consecutive patients with ...
Winterstein Andrew P AP University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, - - 2013
Knee injury among young, active female patients remains a public health issue. Clinicians are called upon to pay greater attention to patient-oriented outcomes to evaluate the impact of these injuries. Little agreement exists on which outcome measures are best, and clinicians cite several barriers to their use. Single Assessment Numerical ...
Aydogmus Meltem Turkay MT Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2013
Laryngeal mask airway (LMA), which has been used frequently in airway management, can cause laryngopharyngeal injury and morbidity. In this trial, we compare the macroscopic changes on laryngopharyngeal structures and the postoperative laryngopharyngeal morbidity by using LMA supreme with LMA proseal in children. We divided patients into two groups. We ...
Arendt Elizabeth A - - 2013
To alert the treating clinician to an uncommon knee meniscal condition that often masquerades as a more common patella condition. Retrospective chart review of a series of cases was undertaken. A series of 12 knees in 11 patients were referred to an orthopaedic surgeon with a diagnosis of recurrent lateral ...
Bailey Chris S - - 2013
Thoracolumbar burst fractures have good outcomes when treated with early ambulation and an orthosis (TLSO). If equally good outcomes could be achieved with early ambulation and no brace, resource utilization would be decreased, especially in developing countries where prolonged bed rest is the default option because bracing is not available ...
Ford Sharon L - - 2013
A predictive histologic classification recently was proposed to determine the prognostic value of kidney biopsy in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated renal vasculitis (AAV). A dual-purpose retrospective observational cohort study to assess the reproducibility of the new classification and clinical variables that predict outcomes. 169 consecutive patients with AAV were ...
Liu Xuehua - - 2013
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious health issue that may result in high health care costs, with additional social and psychological burdens. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment has been found to be beneficial for neurological recovery; however, the underlying mechanisms are yet to be characterized. The aim of this study ...
Sikka Robby S - - 2013
Avulsion injury of the hamstring muscles from their origin on the ischium is an uncommon injury. In persons aged 14 to 25 years, such an avulsion may include detachment of an epiphyseal fragment at the growth plate of the ischial apophysis. The literature suggests that surgery is not necessary unless ...
Demiralp Bahtiyar - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to compare the long-term clinical outcomes of patients who were treated with either hind foot reconstruction or amputation in complex hind foot injuries accompanied with bone and soft tissue loss due to land-mine explosions. Between 1994 and 2004, all patients with hind foot complex ...
Kim Ji-Ho - - 2013
Recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) is known to provide organ protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury through its pleiotropic properties. The aim of this single-site, randomized, case-controlled, and double-blind study was to investigate the effect of pre-emptive EPO administration on the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with risk factors ...
Yeo Sang Seok - - 2013
Objective: Knowledge about recovery of an injured fornix following brain injury is limited. We describe here a patient who showed recovery of an injured fornix following stroke. Case report: A 57-year-old female patient underwent coiling for a ruptured anterior communicating cerebral artery aneurysm, and conservative management for subarachnoid and intraventricular ...
Lovett Carter Danielle - - 2013
Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is being increasingly recognized as a cause of hip pain in athletes and is a growing indication for arthroscopic surgery. Few studies have attempted to address patient views on outcome following arthroscopy and no qualitative studies have been carried ...
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