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Kim Deok-Ryeong DR Department of Neurosurgery, Eulji University School of Medicine, Eulji General Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Early decompressive craniectomy (DC) has been used as the first stage treatment to prevent secondary injuries in cases of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Postoperative management is the major factor that influences outcome. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of postoperative management, using intracranial pressure (ICP) ...
Garg Amit X AX Western University/London Health Sciences Centre, London, - - 2014
Perioperative Ischaemic Evaluation-2 (POISE-2) is an international 2×2 factorial randomised controlled trial of low-dose aspirin versus placebo and low-dose clonidine versus placebo in patients who undergo non-cardiac surgery. Perioperative aspirin (and possibly clonidine) may reduce the risk of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). After receipt of grant funding, serial postoperative ...
Carlsson Daniel D Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden ; Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sundsvall Hospital, Sundsvall, - - 2014
Local freezing cold injuries are common in the north and sequelae to cold injury can persist many years. Quantitative sensory testing (QST) can be used to assess neurosensory symptoms but has previously not been used on cold injury patients. To evaluate neurosensory sequelae after local freezing cold injury by thermal ...
Sivrioğlu Nazan N Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine, Aydın, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of debridement with Versajet hydrosurgery system in patients with skin necrosis after ca gluconate extravasation. Methods: We evaluated nine infants (mean age: 26 days; range: 1 day to 3 months) with calcium gluconate extravasation injury. Site of injury was ...
Gigliotakaes Igor I Unicamp, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Campinas, SP, Brazil, Sports and Exercise Medicine Group, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Unicamp, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
To assess the functional balance of the knee after bicruciate reconstruction and its correlation with clinical score. 14 patients (11 men and three women), mean age 29.9±7.65 years, mean BMI 26.2±2.51 kg/m(2) underwent surgical reconstruction of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) and Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) in two stages, with ...
Kangelaris Kirsten Neudoerffer KN Department of Medicine, Division of Hospital Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0131, CA, USA. - - 2014
The Lung Injury Score (LIS) remains a commonly utilized measure of lung injury severity though the additive value of LIS to predict ARDS outcomes over the recent Berlin definition of ARDS, which incorporates severity, is not known. We tested the association of LIS (in which scores range from 0 to ...
Koşucu Müge M Department of Anesthesiology, KTU Farabi Hospital, Medical School of Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, - - 2014
Purpose. To compare the effects of different anesthesia techniques on tourniquet-related ischemia-reperfusion by measuring the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) and neuromuscular side effects. Methods. Sixty ASAI-II patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery were randomised to three groups. In Group S, intrathecal anesthesia was administered using levobupivacaine. Anesthesia was ...
Latifi Rifat R Trauma Surgery Section, Department of Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, P.O. Box 3050, Doha, Qatar ; Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, P.O. Box 245063, Tucson, AZ, USA ; Weill Cornell Medical College, P.O. Box 24144, Doha, - - 2014
Rollover car crashes (ROCs) are serious public safety concerns worldwide. Objective. To determine the incidence and outcomes of ROCs with or without ejection of occupants in the State of Qatar. Methods. A retrospective study of all patients involved in ROCs admitted to Level I trauma center in Qatar (2011-2012). Patients ...
Garg Amit X AX Western University, London, - - 2014
Steroids In caRdiac Surgery trial (SIRS) is a large international randomised controlled trial of methylprednisolone or placebo in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with the use of a cardiopulmonary bypass pump. At the time of surgery, compared with placebo, methylprednisolone divided into two intravenous doses of 250 mg each may reduce ...
Green Robin E A RE Cognitive Neurorehabilitation Sciences Laboratory, Research Department, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute Toronto, ON, Canada ; Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Background: Moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly being understood as a progressive disorder, with growing evidence of reduced brain volume and white matter (WM) integrity as well as lesion expansion in the chronic phases of injury. The scale of these losses has yet to be investigated, and pattern of ...
Mori Yosuke Y From the Department of Anesthesia, Kawasaki Saiwai Hospital, Saiwai, Kawasaki, Kanagawa (YM, TK), Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Toho University, Oota-ku, Tokyo (RO), - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after surgery is associated with an increased risk of adverse events and death. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) dilates the preglomerular renal arteries and inhibits the renin-angiotensin axis. A low-dose ANP infusion increases glomerular filtration rate after cardiovascular surgery, but it is not known whether it reduces ...
Agrawal Mahima M Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, S.M.S.M.C and Hospital , Jaipur , - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To describe the functional level after 1 year in moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Study design: Prospective, cross-sectional study. Setting and participants: Seventy individuals with TBI were admitted directly from acute care hospitals to a rehabilitation facility in Sawai Mansingh Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur (SMS). ...
Sanderson Alicia R AR Department of Otolaryngology, University of California, Irvine, 101 The City Drive, Orange, California, - - 2013
The plasma skin regeneration (PSR) device delivers thermal energy to the skin by converting nitrogen gas to plasma. Prior to treatment, hydration of the skin is recommended as it is thought to limit the zone of thermal damage. However, there is limited data on optimal hydration time. This pilot study ...
Zaidi Razi R Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, NHS Trust, Stanmore, - - 2013
More than 10 000 ankle arthroscopy procedures are performed in the United Kingdom annually. Tourniquet use is thought to allow improved visibility and reduce operative time. However this is not without risk as it predisposes to neurovascular injury. The purpose of our study was to establish the feasibility of a ...
Huang Shijia S Department of Interventional Ultrasound, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing 100853, China. Electronic address: - - 2013
To retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) adjacent to large vessels. From February 2006 to February 2013, 452 patients with 605 HCC nodules were treated with US-guided percutaneous MWA. Into large vessels group (Group L), 139 ...
Byun Jang Yul JY Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon Hospital , Bucheon , - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Bleeding control with epinephrine hydrochloride-soaked cotton packing in the maxillary sinus after canine fossa puncture (CFP) during operation is a simple method for reducing complications, especially those associated with blood leakage from the maxillary sinus into the subcutaneous tissue. Objective: Although CFP is a useful method for extensive ...
Béchir Markus - - 2013
There are limited data on the efficacy of early fluid resuscitation with third generation hydroxyethyl starch (HES 130) in burn injury. Adverse effects of HES on survival and organ function have been reported. In this randomized, controlled, double-blind trial 48 patients with severe burn injury were assigned to receive either ...
Papakostas John C JC Departments of Surgery-Vascular Surgery Unit, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, - - 2013
To report the early and long term results of Vascu-Gurad bovine pericardium (BP) for patch angioplasty in carotid endarterectomy (CEA). We retrospectively analyzed the data of 256 CEAs with BP patch closure which were performed in 238 patients during the last twelve years in our department. Patch related complications (restenosis, ...
Funaki Takeshi T Department of Neurosurgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan, - - 2013
The potential for late cerebrovascular events following surgical revascularization presents a challenge in the treatment of pediatric moyamoya disease. Limited information is available on the incidence of such events after direct bypass. The objective of this descriptive study was to examine the incidence of late cerebrovascular events after direct bypass ...
Lin Yidan Y Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, West China Medical School of Sichuan University, 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, China, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to characterize an optimal strategy in managing thoracic esophageal perforation, focusing on the differential diagnosis and treatment of patients with contained versus noncontained perforations and on the importance of the time interval between injury and repair and how that affects the outcome of a ...
Gressot Loyola V LV Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Texas Children's Hospital, and Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2013
Object Cervical spondylolysis is a rare condition that results from a pars interarticularis defect. The C-6 level is the most frequently involved site in the cervical spine. Its clinical presentations range from incidental radiographic findings to neck pain and, rarely, neurological deficits. Although 150 patients with subaxial cervical spondylolysis have ...
Coca Steven G SG Section of Nephrology, Yale University School of Medicine, Program of Applied Translational Research, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, New Haven, - - 2013
Urinary biomarkers of AKI provide prognostic value for in-hospital outcomes, but little is known about their association with longer-term mortality after surgery. We sought to assess the association between kidney injury biomarkers and all-cause mortality in an international, multicenter, prospective long-term follow-up study from six clinical centers in the United ...
Yu Nanze - - 2013
Marjolin's ulcer (MU) is a rare malignancy arising from various forms of scars. This potentially fatal complication typically occurs after a certain latent period. This article attempts to reveal the importance of the latency period in the prevention and early treatment of the malignancy. A retrospective review of 17 MU ...
Fries C A CA The Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, ICT Centre & NIHR SRMRC, University of Birmingham, Vincent Drive, Birmingham B15 2SQ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Recent conflicts have been characterised by the use of improvised explosive devices causing devastating injuries, including heavily contaminated wounds requiring meticulous surgical debridement. After being rendered surgical clean, these wounds are dressed and the patient transferred back to the UK for on-going treatment. A dressing that would prevent wounds from ...
Andrisevic Emily E Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis; - - 2013
Object The debate addressed in this article is that of surgical treatment methods for a neuroma-in-continuity. The authors of this study chose to test the hypothesis that more severe nerve injuries, as distinguished by < 50% conduction across a neuroma-in-continuity, could be treated with neuroma resection and grafting, whereas less ...
Hiraoka Arudo A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Sakakibara Heart Institute of Okayama, Okayama, - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate acute kidney injury (AKI) after total aortic arch repair (TAR) with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (MHCA) and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SACP). A retrospective analysis was performed in 200 patients who underwent TAR with HCA and SACP between 2008 and 2012. The ...
Gille Jochen J Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Therapy, St. Georg Hospital GmbH Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
A variety of crystalloids are available during fluid resuscitation of the severely burnt patient. There is a paucity of literature evidence on the comparative influence of these with regard to clinical outcomes. Significant differences in crystalloids may be clinically relevant given the large volumes employed during shock resuscitation. The study ...
Garnacho-Montero José J Unidad Clínica de Cuidados Críticos y Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, - - 2013
A potent synergy of a glycopeptide-colistin combination against Acinetobacter baumannii has recently been described. We set out to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination in a retrospective study including episodes of ventilator-associated pneumonia or bacteremia caused by carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii. We compared 29 patients (group I) treated with ...
Okada Kiyoshi K Department of Orthopaedics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan, - - 2013
Evidence from a recent cadaveric study has revealed that the thickness of the distal interosseous membrane (DIOM) of the forearm shows substantial individual variations, and a thick fibrous tissue known as the distal oblique bundle (DOB) was found in 40 % specimens in the study. Another cadaveric study revealed that greater ...
Giannicola Giuseppe G Department of Orthopedic Surgery, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Complex elbow instability (CEI) is one of the most troublesome pathologies that orthopaedic surgeons have to face. One of the key requirements regarding the CEI surgical treatment is an early rehabilitation programme to avoid the elbow stiffness caused by a long period of immobilisation. Although this is well known, no ...
Zhang Jingping - - 2013
To investigate the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and identify risk factors for AKI in patients who undergo radical gastrectomy. This study included 536 patients underwent radical gastrectomy. Primary outcome was AKI, defined as a ≥50 % increase in serum creatinine relative to baseline during the first three postoperative days. ...
Masquijo Julio J - - 2013
Although percutaneous trigger thumb release has been extensively used in adults, the technique is not widespread in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous trigger thumb release in the pediatric age group. Twenty consecutive thumbs of 15 patients scheduled for surgical release ...
Johansson Malin - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to evaluate acute kidney injury (AKI) with cystatin C following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and to assess the impact of postoperative AKI on outcome and late renal function. A prospective study. Single, tertiary referral center. Sixty-eight consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis ...
Pulugurtha Srinivas S - - 2013
This paper focuses on an analysis of pedestrian and motorists' actions at sites with pedestrian hybrid beacons and assesses their effectiveness in improving the safety of pedestrians. Descriptive and statistical analyses (one-tail two-sample T-test and two-proportion Z-test) were conducted using field data collected during morning and evening peak hours at ...
Lee Dhong Won - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Recent studies have shown that lateral menisci have a higher healing potential and that they can be treated successfully without symptoms by being left in situ during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, few studies have reported morphological results. HYPOTHESIS:Stable posterior horn tears of the lateral meniscus left in situ ...
Katsura Morihiro - - 2013
A common dilemma in the management of pelvic fractures is recognizing the presence of associated abdominal injury. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between initial therapeutic intervention (laparotomy or transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE)) and mortality. This was a cohort study using the Japan Trauma Data Bank ...
Casella Michela - - 2013
Our study aims to compare acute myocardial injury biomarker rise after atrial fibrillation ablation performed with different technologies. Methods and Results: One hundred and ten patients (pts) were treated with Pulmonary Vein (PV) isolation with 4 different technologies: open-irrigated tip RF catheter in 35 pts (Group A), cryoballoon in 35 ...
Zonfrillo Mark R - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and predictors of poor 3- and 12-month quality of life outcomes in a cohort of pediatric patients with isolated mild TBI. We conducted a prospective cohort study of children <18 years treated for an isolated mild TBI, defined as no radiographically apparent intracranial ...
Inada Taigo - - 2013
Study Design. An open-labeled multicenter prospective non-randomized controlled clinical trialObjective. To confirm the feasibility of using granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) for treatment of acute spinal cord injury (SCI)Summary of Background Data. We previously reported that G-CSF promotes functional recovery after compression-induced spinal cord injury (SCI) in mice. Based on these ...
O'Neill S - - 2013
Vascular clamping reduces blood loss during liver resection but leads to ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Ischaemic preconditioning (IP) may reduce this. This study aimed to evaluate IP in liver resection under clamping. This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating IP in adults undergoing liver resection under ...
Mei-Dan Omer - - 2013
To analyze fatality data associated with wingsuit use in an international case series of fixed-object sport parachuting (BASE jumping) to identify incident and injury mechanisms and to form a basis for potential prevention measures and future safety recommendations. A descriptive epidemiological study was performed of fatal injury events occurring in ...
Van Haren Robert M - - 2013
After traumatic brain injury (TBI), catecholamines (CAs) may be needed to maintain adequate cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), but there are no recommended alternative vasopressor therapies. This is an interim report of the first study to test the hypothesis that arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a safe and effective alternative to CAs ...
Gray Kendra M - - 2013
The authors describe the case of a 36-year-old man who presented with hormone level concerns 6 months after a rock climbing accident that resulted in paraplegia. Hypogonadism was diagnosed, and the patient received subcutaneous pellet testosterone replacement therapy. Within 6 months, the patient had substantial improvement in muscle function and ...
D'Ambrosio A A Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy. - - 2013
In spinal anaesthesia for a Caesarean delivery, it is important to limit anaesthesia only at the surgical area, and to resolve fast motor block. We compared the intraoperative effectiveness, hemodynamic effects, anaesthetic recovery times and patients satisfaction after isobaric levobupivacaine (L) 0.25% versus L0.50% spinal anaesthesia during elective Caesarean deliveries ...
Snyder Samuel S Department of Surgery, Scott & White Healthcare, The Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare the results of total thyroidectomy (TT) for hyperthyroidism secondary to Graves' disease (GD) with TT for other benign thyroid diseases to determine if TT should be considered more often as first-line therapy for GD. Seven hundred eighty patients underwent TT for benign ...
Cates Alexis L AL William Carey University College of Osteopathic Medicine, Hattiesburg, - - 2013
Dual-Polarization Radar and Twitter were analyzed to determine the impact on injuries sustained by the Hattiesburg EF-4 tornado. Tracking data provided from the Dual-Pol radar systems in National Weather Service Jackson were reviewed. Twitter data from four local Twitter handles were obtained. The change in tweets and followers for the ...
Nooraei Navid N Anesthesiology Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Modarres Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
In spite of several efforts for decreasing blood loss, our experience sometimes shows that some patients bleed more profusely during rhinoplasty. Patient position could have deep impact on bleeding amount during surgical procedures. In this study, we aimed to compare reverse trendelenburg position and head-up position on intra-operative bleeding of ...
Roos Paulien E PE School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK; Arthritis Research UK Biomechanics and Bioengineering Centre, Division School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury can result in failure to return to pre-injury activity levels and future osteoarthritis predisposition. Single leg hop is used in late rehabilitation to evaluate recovery and inform treatment but biomechanical understanding of this activity is insufficient. This study investigated single leg hop for distance aiming ...
Leitritz Martin Alexander - - 2013
To investigate the use of a small gravity- and tilt-compensated, head-fixed sensor with data-logging function to measure compliance and head posture of patients after macular hole surgery based on the recommendation of a face-down position. Main outcome measures were the median inclination, the times with correct or incorrect head position ...
Kantor Ellen - - 2013
Object Haptoglobin allele heterogeneity has been implicated in differential reactive oxidant inhibition and inflammation. Haptoglobin α2-α2 has a lower affinity for binding hemoglobin, and when bound to hemoglobin, is cleared less easily by the body. The authors hypothesized that haptoglobin α2-α2 genotype should be less protective for downstream injury after ...
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