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Bassano Carlo - - 2014
To evaluate long-term clinical performance and angiographic patency of automated proximal venous anastomoses following clampless coronary artery bypass (C-CAB). Observational study in patients submitted for isolated C-CAB and at least one proximal aortosaphenous anastomosis performed with an automated connector (Cardica PAS-Port) including 152 consecutive patients (165 devices and 199 device-dependent ...
Su Wan-Fu WF Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Buddist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, - - 2014
After vidian neurectomy, low reported rates of dry eye syndrome (DES) seemed incompatible with the high success rate of nerve severance in previous studies. This study aimed at understanding of the pathophysiology of lacrimation and evaluating the effect of thermal injury through the distal stump on the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) ...
Norouzi Fashkhami Amin A Physiotherapy Department, Shahid Behehshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Daily Increased rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in athletes calls for more investigation in these patients to differentiate copers from noncoper ACL-deficient (ACLD) knees as soon as possible. The current study aims to introduce a new electromyographic protocol, named voluntary response index (VRI), that might help to categorize ...
Hannon Joseph J Texas Health Ben Hogan Sports Medicine, Fort Worth, TX, - - 2014
/ Lower extremity balance deficits have been shown to lead to altered kinematics and increased injury risk in lower extremity athletes. The purpose of this study was to compare lower extremity balance in baseball players with an ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tear pre-operatively and post-operatively at the beginning of the ...
Cartwright-Terry Matthew M Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Aintree University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, England. Electronic address: - - 2014
To present a 5-year comparison of the functional outcomes of combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterolateral corner (PLC) reconstruction with those of isolated ACL reconstruction. All patients were reviewed clinically and completed knee function questionnaires prospectively, by use of the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) 2000, Knee Injury and ...
Xue E S ES Department of Ultrasound, The Affiliated Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China - - 2014
This study was designed to investigate the application of ultrasound technology in the study of ischemic postconditioning to protect testes from ischemia-reperfusion injury. Seventy-two big white rabbits were divided into mild ischemic groups (Group A: A0, A1, A2, A3), moderate ischemic groups (Group B: B0, B1, B2, B3) under ultrasound ...
Ueki M M University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, - - 2014
Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with the development of a systemic inflammatory response that can often lead to dysfunction of major organs. We hypothesised that the highly selective α2 -adrenergic agonist, dexmedetomidine, attenuates the systemic inflammatory response. Forty-two patients were randomly assigned to receive dexmedetomidine or saline after ...
Ye Bogen B Liver Cancer Institute and Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
The clinical value of ischemic preconditioning (IP) on patients undergoing hepatectomy under portal triad clamping (PTC) is uncertain, especially for patients with liver cirrhosis. Hence, we conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial to test whether IP could protect liver against ischemic reperfusion (IR) injury after hepatectomy under PTC. One hundred ...
Jacob Tony G TG Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Pancreatic acinar cell necrosis is indicative of severe pancreatitis and the degree of necrosis is an index of its outcome. We studied whether the dose and duration of injury correlates with severity, particularly in terms of necrosis, in caerulein-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) in Swiss albino mice. In addition to control ...
Zhang Hangzhou H Department of Sports Medicine and Joint Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:In cases of chronic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-medial collateral ligament (MCL) lesions, nonoperative treatment of the MCL lesion may lead to chronic valgus instability and rotatory instability. The optimal management for patients who have combined ACL-MCL injuries remains controversial. PURPOSE:To present a case series of 21 patients who underwent simultaneous ...
Wang Z X ZX Department of Anaesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 58, Zhongshan II Road, Guangzhou 510080, - - 2014
/st>We compared intestinal, hepatic, and other organ function after hepatic portal occlusion with or without dexmedetomidine administration under general anaesthesia. /st>In this prospective, randomized double-blind investigation, 44 patients undergoing elective hepatectomy with inflow occlusion were randomized into a dexmedetomidine group or a control group. The dexmedetomidine group received an initial ...
Schneider Eric B EB From the Center for Surgical Trials and Outcomes Research, Department of Surgery (E.B.S., D.T.E., X.H., S. Selvarajah, H.L.H.), Division of Neurosciences Critical Care, Departments of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine (R.G.K., R.D.S.), and Departments of Neurology (R.D.S.) and Neurosurgery (R.D.S.), Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Tulane Center for Aging (S. Sur), Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA; Department of Radiology (V.R., J.D., R.D.S.), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; and Centre for Mental Health (V.R.), Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, - - 2014
To evaluate the hypothesis that educational attainment, a marker of cognitive reserve, is a predictor of disability-free recovery (DFR) after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Retrospective study of the TBI Model Systems Database, a prospective multicenter cohort funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Patients ...
Gerometta Antoine A Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Ile-de-France Ouest, AP-HP, 92100, Boulogne-Billancourt, France, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate return to sports after arthroscopic Bankart stabilization. This is a retrospective study including all athletes aged <50 years who underwent arthroscopic stabilization in 2010 and 2011 (m, 36; f, 10; mean age 28.9 ± 8.1 years; follow-up 24.4 ± 7.7 months). Sixteen patients were practicing competitive sports and 30 ...
Henninger Nils N Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave, North, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA, - - 2014
It is now well accepted that traumatic white matter injury constitutes a critical determinant of post-traumatic functional impairment. However, the contribution of preexisting white matter rarefaction on outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is unknown. Hence, we sought to determine whether the burden of preexisting leukoaraiosis of presumed ischemic origin ...
Peters Denise M - - 2014
To determine the feasibility and impact of different dosages of Intensive Mobility Training (IMT) on mobility, balance, and gait speed in individuals with chronic traumatic brain injury (TBI). Prospective, single group design with 3-month follow-up. University research lab PARTICIPANTS: A volunteer sample of 10 participants with chronic TBI (≥3 months ...
Venouziou Aaron I AI Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Orthopaedic Specialists-UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Currently, no technique has met general acceptance for the restoration of forearm longitudinal stability in chronic Essex-Lopresti injuries. The purpose of this study is to present an alternative treatment method for chronic Essex-Lopresti lesions by radial head replacement and ulnar shortening osteotomy. Seven patients with a mean age of 42.4 ...
Rousseau R R Service de chirurgie orthopédique et traumatologie, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83 Boulevard de l'hôpital, 75013, Paris, - - 2014
Calcaneus insertional tendinopathy in runners is common and involves important therapeutic controversies. The object of this study was to determine the delay and level of return to sport after insertional surgery in runners, with and without tendon damage. Eighteen runners underwent surgery for insertional calcaneus tendinopathy. Nine required an exostosectomy/bursectomy, ...
Birinci Yucel Y Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, Inciraltı, Izmir, - - 2014
To investigate the role of intraoperative spinal accessory nerve monitoring in predicting postoperative shoulder function in spinal accessory nerve-sparing neck dissections. Prospective, double-blind clinical trial. Academic, tertiary care center. This study was performed on 20 neck sites of 17 consecutive patients who had neck dissections sparing the spinal accessory nerve. ...
Gomes Diane M DM UF Health Jacksonville, Jacksonville, - - 2014
To evaluate the observed incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in adult patients receiving either piperacillin-tazobactam and vancomycin or cefepime-vancomycin for more than 48 hours. Retrospective matched cohort. Large academic medical center. Adult patients without preexisting renal dysfunction admitted over an 8-month time period who received either the combination of piperacillin-tazobactam ...
Bedigrew Katherine M KM Department of Orthopaedics, San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX, 78234, USA, - - 2014
Patients with severe lower extremity trauma have significant disability 2 years after injury that worsens by 7 years. Up to 15% seek late amputation. Recently, an energy-storing orthosis demonstrated improved function compared with standard orthoses; however, the effect when integrated with rehabilitation over time is unknown. (1) Does an 8-week ...
Kvist Joanna J Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to analyze the baseline variables and clinical outcomes for almost 24,000 patients entered into the Swedish National ACL Register between January 2005 and December 2012. The register consists of 2 parts: 1 section in which surgeons report baseline and surgical data and 1 section ...
Itshayek Eyal - - 2014
Objectives: We aimed to assess the efficacy of surgical decompression of metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) in patients ≧65 years and review our multidisciplinary surgical decision-making process. Methods: We identified all patients operated for MESCC from August 2008 to June 2012. Patients ≧65 years, with a single area of ...
Frandon J J University Radiology and Medical Imaging Clinic CURIM, Grenoble University Hospital, BP 217, 38043 Grenoble cedex 09, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess clinical outcomes of blunt splenic injuries (BSI) managed with proximal versus distal versus combined splenic artery embolization (SAE). All consecutive patients with BSI admitted to our trauma centre from 2005 to 2010 and managed with SAE were reviewed. Outcomes were compared between proximal (P), distal (D) or combined ...
Morishita Masayuki M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hyogo Rehabilitation Center Hospital, - - 2014
This randomized controlled study was conducted to assess the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Forty patients who underwent unilateral TKA were evaluated prospectively; 20 received intraoperative PRP and 20 served as control subjects. The results showed no significant differences in reduction of bleeding, ...
Drews Joseph D JD Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Michigan Frankel Cardiovascular Center, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after thoracic aortic endovascular repair (TEVAR) is variably reported at 1% to 34%. This study utilized the RIFLE (risk, injury, failure) criteria to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and late implications of AKI after TEVAR. In all, 350 patients without prior dialysis requirement ...
Liu Yao Y SUNY at Buffalo, Buffalo, - - 2014
To investigate the impact of early versus late renal replacement therapy (RRT) on mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery. Meta-analysis of 9 retrospective cohort studies and 2 randomized clinical trials extracted from the Medline engine from 1950 to 2013. University medical school. 841 Patients. None. ...
Hefny Ashraf F AF a Department of Surgery , Al Rahba Hospital , Abu Dhabi , United Arab - - 2014
We aimed to study the anatomical distribution, severity, and outcome of hospitalised trauma pedestrian patients in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates (UAE), so as to improve preventive measures. All pedestrian trauma patients who were involved with a road traffic collision and admitted to Al Ain Hospital for more than 24 hours ...
Lupi Andrea - - 2014
Both the almost constant presence of apparent hypermetabolism of the vermis cerebelli compared to the cerebellar hemispheres in traumatic brain injury, and the presence of a good relationship between the intensity of this sign and the severity of the clinical conditions have been addressed in previous studies. Aim of the ...
Sudenis Tess T From the The Ross Tilley Burn Center, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, University of Toronto, - - 2014
Enteral nutrition (EN) is commonly interrupted in burn patients for many reasons, which leads to discrepancies between prescribed and actual EN delivery. The magnitude and origin of these discrepancies have never been well documented among burn patients. The purpose of this study was to examine differences between prescribed and actual ...
Seo Jeong Pyo JP Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, - - 2014
Objective: We describe here a patient with intracerebral haemorrhage who showed recovery of an injured medial lemniscus and its related thalamocortical pathway on follow- up diffusion tensor tractography. Case report: A 48-year-old man presented with right hemiplegia following a spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage in the left corona radiata and basal ganglia. ...
Yang Chi-Cheng CC a Division of Clinical Psychology, Master of Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine , Chang-Gung University , Taoyuan , - - 2014
Primary objective: Postconcussion symptoms (PCS) are common following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). A psychological misperception, the "good-old-days" bias, has been indicated as one of the influencing factors on symptom reporting after injury. To date, this response bias has only been examined in a small number of cross-sectional studies. This ...
Hu Jianzhong J Department of Spine Surgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 87# Xiangya Road, Changsha, 410008, Hunan, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the safety, feasibility and efficacy of one-stage posterior instrumentation combined anterior debridement and interbody fusion for treatment of active thoracic and lumbar spinal tuberculosis (TB) in children with kyphotic deformity. A total of 20 children (12 boys, 8 girls) were enrolled ...
Yusmido Y A YA Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - - - 2014
Pressure ulcers are common among patients with spinal cord injury and can be very challenging to treat. The treatment involves multidisciplinary approach and ranges from simple pressure relieve and wound dressings to a more radical treatment like proximal lower limb amputations, especially in chronic cases with potential detrimental effects to ...
Zhu Bing B Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400010, China, - - 2014
To investigate the protective effects of oxymatrine (OMT) on lung ischemia reperfusion injury (LIRI) in rabbits, models of LIRI in rabbit were used. Thirty-two rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: control group (n = 8), ischemia reperfusion group (I/R group, n = 8), OMTl group (n = 8), OMT2 group (n = 8). Lung tissue samples were ...
Nelson Ian R IR Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2014
To document the clinical results of arthroscopic iliopsoas tenotomies performed at the level of the labrum to treat labral injuries caused by iliopsoas impingement. From a review of the database of the senior author (J.S.K.) of 300 hip arthroscopies that were performed between September 2009 and May 2011, 30 patients ...
Orabona Giovanni Dell'aversana GD From the *Deparment of Maxillofacial Surgery; †Department of Neurosurgery; and ‡Eye Department, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to evaluate and check (analyze and compare the results) the complications of patients with benign parotid disease reconstructed with the 3 reconstructive techniques used after the removal of benign tumors of the parotid gland treated at our institution. The reconstruction of this anatomical region ...
Porter Austin A From the Arkansas Department of Health (A.P.); and Arkansas Children's Hospital (D.W., J.R., R.T.M.) Little Rock, Arkansas; and Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health (S.M.B.), University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, - - 2014
The state of Arkansas developed and implemented a comprehensive inclusive trauma system in July 2010. The Arkansas Trauma Communication Center (ATCC) is a central component in the system, designed to facilitate both scene transports and interfacility transfers within the state. The first 18 months of operations were examined to evaluate ...
Chang Samuel J SJ From the Department of Emergency Medicine (S.J.C., D.J.K., D.W.C.), Department of Surgery (S.W.R, A.T.R., R.S.), and Cannon Research Center (W.E.A.), Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North - - 2014
Five-centimeter needles at the second intercostal space midclavicular line (2MCL) have high failure rates for decompression of tension pneumothorax. This study evaluates 8-cm needles directed at the fourth intercostal space anterior axillary line (4AAL). Retrospective radiographic analysis of 100 consecutive trauma patients 18 years or older from January to September ...
Espejo-Reina Alejandro A Complejo Hospitalario de Jaén, Jaén, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the outcomes after repair of chronic bucket-handle medial meniscal tears by use of magnetic resonance imaging, clinical examination, and patient-reported outcomes. A retrospective review of patients with chronic bucket-handle medial meniscal tears that had been repaired with meniscal sutures was undertaken. The ...
Sun H H Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 YiShan Road, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
Our aim was to compare polylevolactic acid screws with titanium screws when used for fixation of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis at mid-term follow-up. A total of 168 patients, with a mean age of 38.5 years (18 to 72) who were randomly allocated to receive either polylevolactic acid (n = 86) ...
Nedelec Bernadette B School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Canada; Centre de recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Canada; Hôpital de réadaptation Villa Medica, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Quantitative studies of the clinical recovery of burn scars are currently lacking. Previous reports validate the objective, precise, diagnostic capabilities of high-frequency ultrasound to measure thickness, the Cutometer(®) to measure pliability and the Mexameter(®) to measure erythema and pigmentation of scars. Thus, we prospectively quantified clinical characteristics of patient-matched, after ...
Holscher Courtenay M CM University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early tracheostomy has been advocated for adult trauma patients to improve outcomes and resource utilization. We hypothesized that timing of tracheostomy for severely injured children would similarly impact outcomes. Injured children undergoing tracheostomy over a 10-year period (2002-2012) were reviewed. Early tracheostomy was defined as post-injury day ≤7. Data were ...
Suh In Bum IB 0000-0001-7012-0305 Department of Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, - - 2014
This study was performed to examine the role of transglutaminase 2 (TG2) in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). C57BL/6 mice were divided into six experimental groups: 1) control group; 2) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group; 3) lung protective ventilation (LPV) group; 4) VILI group; 5) VILI with cystamine, a TG2 inhibitor, pretreatment (Cyst+VILI) ...
Klausner Adam P AP Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia, - - 2014
We have reached the 42nd anniversary of the landmark paper by Jack Lapides1 which introduced the world to the concept of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC). This sentinel work led to a paradigm shift in bladder management for individuals with neurogenic bladder dysfunction and other causes of urinary retention. It is ...
Kudo S S Graduate School of Suzuka University of Medical Science, Japan; Department of Physical therapy, Morinomiya University of Medical Science, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To measure the percentage of the transverse arch length (%TAL) in 2 positions using a 3-dimensional motion capture system to determine the flexibility of the transverse arch of the forefoot. METHODS. 19 men and 10 women with no lower extremity injury or deformity were included. The %TAL of the ...
Rajappa S S Department of Orthopedics and Hand surgery, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate outcome of 6-strand triple Kessler repair for flexor tendon injuries, followed by early active motion rehabilitation. METHODS. 25 men and one woman (36 fingers) underwent 6-strand triple Kessler repair for flexor tendon injuries in zones 2 to 5, followed by early active motion rehabilitation. Rehabilitation was started ...
Hasankhani E G EG Orthopedic Research Center, Orthopedic Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate treatment outcome of tension band wiring followed by posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation for thoracolumbar flexiondistraction injury (FDI). METHODS. 36 men and 12 women aged 21 to 56 (mean, 36) years underwent tension band wiring followed by posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation using pedicular screws for FDI ...
Kim Young Sam YS Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Inha University School of Medicine, - - 2014
Here, we report a case of massive rhabdomyolysis following an uncomplicated repair of a ventricular septal defect in a five-month-old baby. Postoperatively, the patient was hemodynamically stable but metabolic acidosis continued, accompanied by fever and delayed mental recovery. The next day, he became comatose and never regained consciousness thereafter. The ...
Jamaliya Ramila H RH Department of Anesthesiology, Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical College (B.J.M.C), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2014
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine (DEX) as a hypotensive agent in comparison to nitroglycerin (NTG) in posterior fixation surgery for traumatic spine injury. Forty patients ASA I or II aged 18-65 years scheduled for posterior fixation surgery were randomly assigned to receive either DEX 1 ...
Fujita Shigeyuki S Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama City, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The object of this study was to assess the effects of an inside-out vein graft as a cuff after direct suture on human lingual nerve regeneration and recovery after iatrogenic lingual nerve injury. Ten patients with unilateral lingual nerve anesthesia as a complication of iatrogenic injury after third molar extraction ...
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