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Tomek Ivan M IM Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, 1 Rope Ferry Road, Hanover, NH 03755. E-mail address for T.S. Morgan: - - 2014
Techniques that reduce injury to the knee extensor mechanism may cause less pain and allow faster recovery of knee function after primary total knee arthroplasty. A quadriceps-sparing (QS) subvastus technique of total knee arthroplasty was compared with medial parapatellar arthrotomy (MPPA) to determine which surgical technique led to better patient-reported ...
Dwyer Tim T University of Toronto Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Toronto, Canada, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine whether younger patients had a similar response to repair of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear (RCT) as older patients. A secondary analysis was conducted of prospectively collected data of patients with full-thickness RCTs. Patients were categorized into patients <55 years of age and ...
Kumar Raj G RG Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Mr Kumar, Ms Boles, and Dr Wagner), Center for Neuroscience (Dr Wagner), and Safar Center for Resuscitation Research (Dr Wagner), University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Examine associations between chronic inflammatory profiles and outcome 6 to 12 months following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). University-affiliated level 1 trauma center and community. Adults with severe TBI (n = 87); healthy controls (n = 7). Prospective cohort study. Glasgow Outcome Scale; serum cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1β, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, ...
Garg Amit X AX Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada3Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster - - 2014
Most acute kidney injury observed in the hospital is defined by sudden mild or moderate increases in the serum creatinine concentration, which may persist for several days. Such acute kidney injury is associated with lower long-term kidney function. However, it has not been demonstrated that an intervention that reduces the ...
Ferrari Robert R Department of Medicine and Department of Rheumatic Diseases, University of Alberta, 13-103 Clinical Sciences Building, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2P4, Canada, - - 2014
The objectives of this paper are to to measure levels of perceived injustice in whiplash victims and determine the relationship to recovery at 6-month post-injury. Consecutive acute whiplash patients completed the Injustice Experience Questionnaire, at presentation, and also 3- and 6-month post-injury. At each of these two follow-up points, participants ...
Song Hyunsuk H From the *Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ajou University Hospital, Suwon; †Department of Biomedical Informatics, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon; and ‡Department of Biomedical Sciences, Graduate School, Ajou University, Suwon, - - 2014
Free microvascular head and neck reconstruction requires minimal complication and safety. However, clinical observation of the wound in head and neck area is very difficult because of its narrow and inaccessible anatomy. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level is commonly used as a marker of acute inflammatory response and quantitative test ...
Paterson A L AL Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2014
High-intensity renal replacement therapy protocols in intensive care patients with acute kidney injury have failed to translate to improved patient outcomes when compared with lower-intensity protocols. This retrospective study explored the clinical and economic impacts of switching from a 30-35 ml.kg(-1) .h(-1) (high-volume) to a 20 ml.kg(-1) .h(-1) (low-volume) protocol. Patients (n = 366) ...
Ulam F F Missouri Rehabilitation Center, University of Missouri Health System, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate in a randomized, double-blind design, cumulative effects of anodal tDCS on EEG oscillations and neuropsychological tests among patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) undergoing subacute neurorehabilitation. Twenty-six patients were randomly assigned to active (n=13) or sham (n=13) tDCS groups. EEGs were recorded at 6 different time points, assessing ...
Mohindra Mukul M Department of Orthopaedics, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India ; 630/18 Kundan Puri, Civil Lines, Ludhiana, 141001 Punjab - - 2014
Since complete functional restoration after spinal cord injury may not always be possible, the major focus in such cases has to be on rehabilitation. We performed surgery in such patients to reconstruct important absent hand functions viz. pinch and hook using various methods described in literature and compared their outcome. ...
Akbary Kutbuddin K Department of Orthopedies, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Shahdra, New Delhi 110095, - - 2014
Objective: Paraplegia due to traumatic spinal cord injuries is one of the devastating effects of dorsolumbar vertebral fractures. Treatment modalities for such fractures, such as stabilization, have no effect on the neurological recovery. Thus, various pharmacological and biological treatment modalities have been used. The more recent trend of using autologous ...
Park Min Jung - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in the outcomes of patients with a well-perfused hand who were taken to the operating room (OR) within 6 hours of forearm arterial injury vs patients who were treated in a semiurgent fashion. A review of 201 consecutive patients who ...
Li Jian-Hui JH 1.Department of Surgical Oncology, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital (The Third Affiliated Hospital of the School of Medicine Xi'an Jiaotong University), Xi'an 710068, China;2.Research Institute of Advanced Surgical Technology and Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, - - 2014
Objective To assese the healing of stoma after magnetic anastomosis for the reconstruction of biliary-enteric continuity under severe inflammation.Methods Acute bile duct injury was constructed as a bile peritonitis model in mongrel dogs (n=32). Magnetic anastomosis (group A, n=16) and traditional suture anastomosis (group B, n=16) were performed to reconstruct ...
Nejmi Hicham H Department of Anaesthesia, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, University-Hospital Mohammed VI, Medical School of Marrakech, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, - - 2014
We aim to assess and to compare the predicting power for in-hospital mortality (IHM) of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-II (APACHE-II) and the Simplified Acute Physiology Score-II (SAPS-II) for traumatic brain injury (TBI). This retrospective cohort study was conducted during a period of 2 years and 9 months ...
McLeod Kim K School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
To determine if inspections by the workplace safety regulator (WorkSafeBC) in the Canadian Province of British Columbia are associated with a reduction in firm injury rates. Injury, inspection, and claims data collected by WorkSafeBC were analysed to determine the lost-time rates for all single-location firms that had been in operation ...
Liu Hua H Orthopaedic Department of PLA 474 Hospital, Xinjiang 830011, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the effect and medical self-crosslinking sodium hyaluronate gel on epidural scar adhesion after laminectomy. A total of 24 New Zealand L5 laminectomy rabbits were randomly divided into four groups, group A as the control group without any treatment; group B covered by sodium hyaluronate gel; group C and ...
Shen Xiaowei X Department of Pediatric Urology, Xinhua Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 1665, Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
To evaluate our clinical outcomes in managing acute kidney injury (AKI) resulting from ceftriaxone-induced urolithiasis with emergency treatment. From July 2008 to July 2013, a series of 15 patients including 12 males and 3 females were admitted to our center. The mean age of them was (4.76 ± 3.74) years. A chief complaint ...
Lamm Bradley M BM Head of Foot and Ankle Surgery and Director, Foot and Ankle Deformity Correction Fellowship, International Center for Limb Lengthening, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
Open midfoot wedge osteotomy correction can cause neurovascular compromise, requires extensive exposure, sacrifices normal joints, and shortens the foot. We used a minimally invasive technique to treat complex foot deformities by combining percutaneous Gigli saw midfoot osteotomy, circular external fixation, and acute, gradual, or gradual with acute manipulation correction. The ...
Takamochi Kazuya K Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Bunkyo-Ku, - - 2014
Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of buttressed stapling using a stapler with an attached polyglycolic acid sheet in reducing the rate of air leak associated with pulmonary lobectomy. Materials and Methods A prospective, randomized, phase III study was conducted to confirm the superiority of a buttressed ...
Abdelfattah Adham A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 3635 Vista Avenue, 7th Floor Desloge Towers, St. Louis, MO 63110, United - - 2014
Due to the orientation of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ), as the symphysis widens in an open-book pelvic ring disruption, it should displace inferiorly. The purposes of this study were to reconfirm this inferior displacement and to evaluate the relative contributions of the pubic symphysis (PS), the sacrotuberous/sacrospinous ligament complex (STL/SSL) ...
Guo Hui H Department of Ultrasound, Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University , Zhuhai - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: This study was to evaluate the efficacy of subcutaneous administration of 5% dextrose in water (D5W), to prevent skin injury during radiofrequency (RF) ablation. Materials and methods: Twenty-four rabbits were divided into three groups: a pre-injection group, a perfusion group, and a control group. Ablative zones were created ...
Wu Xin-Bao XB Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, the Fourth School of Medicine of Peking University, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical results of surgical resection of severe heterotopic ossification (HO) after the open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of acetabular fractures. A retrospective chart review was performed between October 2005 and November 2010 on patients undergoing severe HO resection following an acetabular fracture ORIF. Our primary outcome ...
Sorabella Robert A RA Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New - - 2014
The immediate postischemic period is marked by elevated intracellular calcium levels, which can lead to irreversible myocyte injury. Del Nido cardioplegia was developed for use in the pediatric population to address the inability of immature myocardium to tolerate high levels of intracellular calcium following cardiac surgery. Our aim in this ...
Waters Nicole Poythress NP Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, University of Missouri, Columbia, - - 2014
Osteochondral injury elevates the risk for developing posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). Therefore, our objective was to evaluate the relationship between impact severity during injury to cell viability and biomarkers possibly involved in PTOA. Osteochondral explants (6 mm, n = 72) were harvested from cadaveric femoral condyles (N = 6). Using a test machine, each explant (except ...
Lantto I I Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, - - 2014
We investigated the epidemiology of total Achilles tendon ruptures and complication rates after operative and nonoperative treatments over a 33-year period in Oulu, Finland. Patients with Achilles tendon ruptures from 1979 to 2011 in Oulu were identified from hospital patient records. Demographic data, treatment method, and complications were collected retrospectively ...
De Falco Massimo M Department: 5th Division of General Surgery and Surgical Special Techniques, Seconda Università di Napoli, Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and the vagus nerve (VN) with a standardized approach in thyroid surgery. Retrospective study with an experimental group with which IONM was used, both with the RLN that the VN, ...
Ruch David S DS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC; South Carolina Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, Charleston, - - 2014
To describe pertinent anatomic findings during repair of chronic, partial distal biceps tendon tears and to compare the complications of surgery with a similar cohort of acute, complete tears. Group 1 included 14 patients (15 elbows) with partial tears managed operatively an average of 10 months from onset of injury ...
Zupan Anja A Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the results of primary total knee arthroplasty with or without patelloplasty. We retrospectively reviewed 89 patients who had received total knee arthroplasty. In patelloplasty, the patellar cartilage was resected using a tangential saw cut, and in the traditional treatment, only the surrounding ...
Yau Amy Y Y AY Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Electromechanical reshaping (EMR) is a low-cost, needle-based, and simple means to shape cartilage tissue without the use of scalpels, sutures, or heat that can potentially be used in an outpatient setting to perform otoplasty. OBJECTIVES To demonstrate that EMR can alter the shape of intact pinnae in an in ...
Watari Ikue I Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, - - 2014
Background/Aims: The differences in the severity of small-bowel toxicity induced by aspirin and non-aspirin non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) remain unclear. This study aimed at clarifying these differences in small-bowel mucosal injury by using capsule endoscopy (CE). Methods: We retrospectively compared the records of 78 and 40 obscure gastrointestinal bleeding patients ...
Masuoka Hiroo H Kuma Hospital, Kobe, - - 2014
Background: The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) is susceptible to injuries during thyroidectomy, causing voice impairment. Intraoperative nerve monitoring may facilitate identification of the nerve, reducing voice impairment. Methods: A total of 252 patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to Group N (the NIM-Response 3.0 system was ...
Astur Diego Costa DC Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Borges Lagoa 783, 5° andar, São Paulo, Brazil 03840-032. E-mail address for D.C. Astur: - - 2014
The patella is the largest human sesamoid bone and often sustains chondral injury. There is no consensus on how to treat a full-thickness, symptomatic articular cartilage injury of the patella. We analyzed the clinical and functional outcomes of patients with symptomatic full-thickness patellar chondral lesions treated with autologous osteochondral transplantation ...
Gu Jianying J Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, 200032, People's Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the wound healing of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) seeded on electrospinning poly (L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone)/poloxamer (PLCL/P123) scaffolds and the mechanisms using a rat skin tissue injury model. CM-Dil labeled ADSCs were seeded on PLCL/P123 scaffolds for 48 h (ADSCs- PLCL/P123). Twelve Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly ...
Kraus Jess F JF Department of Epidemiology, UCLA , San Marcos, CA , USA - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To report on the occurrence of sustained outcomes including post-concussion symptoms, health services used and indicators of social disruption following a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Research design: A dual cohort comparing MTBI Emergency Department (ED) patients and a comparison group of non-head injured ED patients. Methods and ...
Guthrie Hugo C HC Biomedical Sciences Department, Building 245, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, Wiltshire SP4 0JQ, United Kingdom; Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham Research Park, Vincent Drive, Birmingham B15 2SQ, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prevention of extremity war wound infection remains a clinical challenge. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common pathogen in delayed infection. We hypothesised that choice of wound dressings may affect bacterial burden over 7 days reflecting the current practice of delayed primary closure of wounds within this timeframe. A randomised controlled ...
Byun Jang Yul JY Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, - - 2014
Conventional total uncinectomy may be unnecessary in localized maxillary sinus lesion. Partial removal of the uncinate process and middle meatal antrostomy would be sufficient to eradicate the pathological condition. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of partial uncinectomy versus total removal of the uncinate process in patients with localized ...
Rui Guo G Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, - - 2014
Background: This study aimed to analyze the protective effects of a saponin extract from Radix Pseudostellariae (RP) on retinal laser injury based on a retinal photocoagulation model. Methods: Fifty-eight rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: Group A (saponin extract orally), Group B (physiological saline), and Group C (control). The ...
Shehata Mohamed M Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trimetazidine is an anti-ischemic agent with antioxidant activity. This study evaluated the effect of periprocedural administration of trimetazidine on the incidence of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-induced myocardial injury and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in diabetic patients with mild-to-moderate renal dysfunction. One hundred patients with a mean glomerular filtration rate of 48 ...
Ismail S I M F SI Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Singleton Hospital , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish the trend of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) in Wales. A retrospective search of Patient Episode Database for Wales (PEDW) data was carried out. Data were available for 11 years from 1999 to 2009. The incidence of OASIS steadily increased from 1.81% ...
Euler Simon S Department for Trauma Surgery, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, - - 2014
The aim of the treatment of displaced scaphoid non-unions is the restoration of normal scaphoid anatomy. Restoration of normal scaphoid anatomy at an earlier stage might have functional benefits as maladaptive carpal ligament contractures and the development of preliminary osteoarthritis could be avoided. The purpose of this retrospective study was ...
de Rezende Couto Nascimento Valeria V Institut Universitari Barraquer, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Purpose: To analyse how primary diagnosis and complications affect the evolution of post-operative visual acuity (VA). Methods: We performed retrospective chart analysis on 59 eyes in 57 patients with various diagnoses, most of which were non-standard indications for Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis (Kpro) implantation. The follow-up period was at least ...
Halim T A TA Spine Service, Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, New Delhi, - - 2014
Study design:Prospective randomized single blind study.Objectives:To find out the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in Indian acute spinal cord injury (ASCI) subjects with and without pharmacological prophylaxis.Setting:Indian Spinal Injuries Centre.Methods:Seventy four ASCI subjects were randomly divided into two groups with 37 subjects each: group I received no antithrombotic prophylaxis, ...
Reed Erica E EE Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Several case reports have documented acute kidney injury (AKI) attributable to antibiotic-impregnated cement (AIC) spacers. To identify AKI risk factors among patients who underwent AIC placement and determine whether vancomycin-AIC placement affects systemic vancomycin dosing. Phase 1 was a case-control study to identify AKI risk factors among patients who underwent ...
Jägersberg Max M Department of Neurosurgery, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Geneva, - - 2014
Objective To evaluate whether anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is superior to transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in cases of post-discectomy syndrome (PDS). Methods In this retrospective study, we analyzed the consecutive results of 83 patients operated for PDS refractory to conservative treatment. A total of 46 patients underwent ALIF via a ...
Ferdiana Astri A Department of Health Sciences, Community and Occupational Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify different employment trajectories in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) after discharge from initial rehabilitation and to determine predictors of different trajectories from demographic, injury, functional and psychological characteristics. Prospective cohort study with baseline measurement at the start of active rehabilitation, a measurement at discharge and follow-up measurements ...
Chapelle Céline C INSERM, CIC1408, CHU Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the efficacy of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) venous thromboprophylaxis in patients with transient reduced mobility in the non-major orthopaedic setting. A meta-analysis was conducted using data from all available randomized trials comparing LMWH with placebo or no prophylactic treatment in patients with leg immobilization for fracture or soft-tissue injury ...
Ponsford Jennie L JL School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, and Monash-Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre, Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To examine the stability of employment between 1 and 3 years following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify the variables associated with continued employment throughout this time span. This study included 236 individuals with predominantly moderate to very severe TBI, who had received rehabilitation in the context of a ...
Kym D D Department of Surgery, Burn Center, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, Seoul, - - 2014
Electrical burns are uncommon, but they result in high morbidity and mortality due to severe tissue damage. The purpose of this study is to analyze epidemiological variables of electrical injuries and identify preventable measures through them. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 625 patients admitted to Hangang Sacred Heart ...
Hastings Jennifer D JD University of Puget Sound, School of Physical Therapy. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report successful correction of new onset neuromuscular scoliosis without spinal surgery in an adult male, 30 years post American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) C6A injury with new onset of left neuromuscular scoliosis (Cobb angle 45°) following a motor vehicle accident. Interventions included nightly low load prolonged stretching ...
Katayama Akira A Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hiroshima City Asa Hospital, Hiroshima, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the long-term prognosis of prophylactic repair of the descending aorta using the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique for acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD). Between 1997 and 2012, 120 consecutive patients (mean age: 64.4 ± 10.9 years) underwent total arch replacement with FET for AAAD; 36 ...
Liao Janice C JC *Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College of Wisconsin-The Eye Institute, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and †Department of Ophthalmology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, - - 2014
To determine whether patients with Type B orbital blowout fractures (soft-tissue distortion disproportionate to bone-fragment displacement) repaired within 7 days of injury have statistically greater postoperative vertical binocular fusion than similar patients who undergo later surgery. Prospective and retrospective surgical case series. Inclusion criteria were orbital floor (with or without ...
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