Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2801
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Wojtysiak Magdalena M aDepartment of Pathophysiology of Locomotor Organs, University of Medical Sciences in Poznań, Poland bDepartment of Neurosurgery, University of Medical Sciences in Poznań, - - 2014
Study Design. The application of complex neurophysiological examination including motor evoked potentials (MEP) for pre- and postoperative evaluation of patients suffering from acute sciatica.Objective. The assessment of sensitivity and specificity of needle electromyography (EMG), MEP and H-reflex examinations. The comparative analysis of preoperative and postoperative neurophysiological examination.Summary and Background Data. ...
Whelan Daniel B DB Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, c/o St Michael's Orthopaedic Associates, 55 Queen Street E, Suite 800, Toronto, ON, M5C 1R6, Canada, - - 2014
Results of treatment for acute knee dislocations and multiligament knee injuries may be influenced by a multitude of patient- and injury-related factors, including neurologic function, vascular status, ipsilateral fractures, and joint stability. The development of heterotopic ossification (HO) may nullify any benefits of reconstruction, because it can cause stiffness and ...
Iriberri Iker I Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Centre Hospitalier de Saint Palais, Saint Palais, Pays Basque, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ideal position of the unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in the axial plane remains undefined the medical literature. The aim of this study was to observe how tibial components are placed in the axial plane and identify whether this could influence the postoperative clinical outcome. A retrospective transversal study of ...
Fu Ying Y Department of Neurology, Key Laboratory of Neurorepair and Regeneration, Tianjin and Ministry of Education, Tianjin Neurological Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, - - 2014
Pronounced inflammatory reactions occurring shortly after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) contribute to the formation and progression of perihematomal edema (PHE) and secondary brain injury. We hypothesized that modulation of brain inflammation reduces edema, thus improving clinical outcomes in patients with ICH. To investigate whether oral administration of fingolimod, a Food and ...
Kaniki Nicole N Faculty of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Western University, London, Ontario, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the nonoperative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture. This was a comparative study that included a prospective cohort and a historical control group. The control group was formed from a randomized trial in which one ...
Shields Beth A BA San Antonio Military Medical Center, Ft. Sam Houston, TX, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe weight loss resulting from inadequate nutritional intake along with the hypermetabolism after thermal injury can result in impaired immune function and delayed wound healing. This observational study was conducted on adults admitted between October 2007 and April 2012 with at least 20% total body surface area burn requiring excision ...
Leroux Timothy T Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada. E-mail address for T. Leroux: - - 2014
Reoperation rates following open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of midshaft clavicle fractures have been described, but reported rates of nonunion, malunion, infection, and implant removal have varied. We sought to establish baseline rates of, and risk factors for, reoperations following clavicle ORIF in a large population cohort.METHODS: Administrative databases ...
Robertson Claudia S CS Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
There is limited information about the effect of erythropoietin or a high hemoglobin transfusion threshold after a traumatic brain injury. To compare the effects of erythropoietin and 2 hemoglobin transfusion thresholds (7 and 10 g/dL) on neurological recovery after traumatic brain injury. Randomized clinical trial of 200 patients (erythropoietin, n = 102; ...
Bible Letitia E LE From the Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New - - 2014
Bone marrow (BM) dysfunction is common in severely injured trauma patients, resulting from elevated catecholamines and plasma granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as well as prolonged mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). We have previously shown that propranolol (β-blocker [BB]) reduces HPC mobilization in a rodent model of injury and hemorrhagic ...
Caruso Joseph D JD From the Department of Surgery (J.D.C., E.A.E., C.J.R.), Walter Reed National Military Medical Center; and Department of Surgery (E.A.E., C.J.R.), Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda; and Department of Regenerative Medicine (J.D.C., E.A.E.), Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, - - 2014
Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) decreases the amount of systemic opioid required for adequate analgesia and decreases the rate of opioid-induced adverse effects. Given the location of catheters required to deliver analgesics and the potential for epidural hematoma, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine recommends modification of the ...
Rahimi-Movaghar Vafa V Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Sina Hospital, Hassan-Abad Square, Imam Khomeini Ave, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 11365-3876, Iran. Tel. +98 (915) 3422682 / +98 (216) 6757010. Fax. +98 (216) 6757009. E-mail: v_rahimi@sina.tums.ac.ir / - - 2014
To assess the efficacy of surgical decompression <24 (early) versus 24-72 hours (late) in thoracic/thoracolumbar traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). A randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 35 T1-L1 TSCI patients including early (n=16) and late (n=19) surgical decompression was conducted in the neurosurgery department of Shahid Rajaee Hospital from September ...
Lübbeke A A Geneva University Hospitals, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, Geneva, CH-1211, - - 2014
Large-head metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacements (THR) have given rise to concern. Comparative studies of small-head MoM THRs over a longer follow-up period are lacking. Our objective was to compare the incidence of complications such as infection, dislocation, revision, adverse local tissue reactions, mortality and radiological and clinical outcomes in ...
Schroeppel Thomas J TJ Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, - - 2014
The 80-hour week was implemented in 2003 to improve outcomes and limit errors. We hypothesize that there has been no change in outcomes postimplementation of the restrictions. Outcomes were queried from the trauma registry from 1997 to 2002 (PRE) and 2004 to 2009 (POST). Primary outcomes were mortality, intensive care ...
Greenberg Elliot M EM Sports Medicine and Performance Center at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
In the skeletally immature population, the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and ACL reconstructions appears to be increasing. Differences in surgical techniques, physiology, and emotional maturity may alter the rehabilitation progression and impact the outcomes when compared with adults. Reports of objective strength recovery and performance-based outcome measures ...
Sherren P B PB Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Royal London Hospital, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypothermia, acidaemia and coagulopathy in trauma is associated with significant mortality. This study aimed to identify the incidence of the lethal triad in major burns, and describe demographics and outcomes. Patients admitted during a 71 month period with a total body surface area burn (TBSA)≥30% were identified. A structured review ...
Li Yue Y Sports Medicine Service, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, - - 2014
Recently, increasing number of literature has identified the posterior tibial slope (PTS) as one of the risk factors of primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, few studies concerning the association between failure of ACL reconstruction (ACLR) and PTS have been published. The objective of this study was to explore ...
Yamada Noriaki - - 2014
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy has been adopted for crush injuries, but there are few studies supporting its use. We therefore investigated the effects of HBO2 on management of patients with complicated crush injuries. This historic cohort study included patients with crush injuries and open fractures with severities greater than or ...
Capela T T Liver Transplantation Unit, Hospital Curry Cabral, Lisbon, - - 2014
This study evaluated the relationship between intraoperative hemodynamic instability (IOHI) and the development of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) toxicity in the early postoperative period after liver transplantation (LT). Eighty-two patients were enrolled during a 1-year period and a 3-month follow-up. IOHI, requiring continuous infusion of vasopressors, was observed in 31 patients ...
Bazzazi Amirmohammad A Department of Neurosurgery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury is one of the major concerns of global public health, because it is the main cause of morbidity and mortality between young people. This study aimed to investigate the possible association between the parameters of arterial blood gas (ABG) and outcome of patients with severe head trauma. ...
Agarwala Sanjay S Department of Orthopedics, P.D. Hinduja National Hospital and MRC, Mumbai, - - 2014
One of the reasons that hip resurfacing and large head metal on metal (MOM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) became popular in Asia was the possible increased range of movement and thereby improved function of the hip joint. Due to concerns of MOM articulation an alternative bearing was sought. Hence, a ...
Murray Nick N 1School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia 2School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia 3Athlete Health and Performance Research Centre, ASPETAR, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, - - 2014
Professional rugby league competition does not coincide with a standardized amount of recovery between matches; matches can be separated by as many as 10 days and as few as 5 days. These variations in recovery time could influence the match activity profiles and injury rates of players. This study investigated ...
Suh Chong Hyun CH Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 86 Asanbyeongwon-Gil, Songpa-Gu, Seoul 138-736, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the overall and cumulative incidence, degree, interval change, and predictors of hepatic arterial injury (HAI) after cisplatin and gelfoam-based, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) Methods: A total of 205 HCC patients who underwent three or more sessions of TACE without additional surgical or local ...
Douglas Helen E HE Pinderfields Hospital, Aberford Road, Wakefield WF1 4DG, England, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many different burns mortality prediction models exist; however most agree that important factors that can be weighted include the age of the patient, the total percentage of body surface area burned and the presence or absence of smoke inhalation. A retrospective review of all burns primarily admitted to Pinderfields Burns ...
Bauman William A - - 2014
Objective To determine whether favorable changes to lean tissue mass (LTM), resting energy expenditure (REE), and testosterone (T) that occurred with 12 months of physiological testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) were retained 6 months after discontinuing treatment. Design Prospective, open-label, controlled drug intervention trial. Setting Metropolitan area hospitals. Subjects Eugonadal (n = 11) ...
Kamiya Koshiro K Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-Ku, Chiba, 2608670, - - 2014
We performed a phase I/IIa clinical trial and confirmed the safety and feasibility of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as neuroprotective therapy in patients with acute spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical outcome in SCI patients treated with G-CSF and compared these results to a ...
Tausch Timothy J TJ Department of Urology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
We evaluated the clinical course of PFUI patients referred to our institution in an attempt to elucidate the differences between initial management strategies. We retrospectively reviewed our IRB-approved, prospectively maintained urethroplasty database from 2007-2013. Patients with PFUI were stratified into two groups based on initial treatment prior to referral-group 1 ...
Xin Jingwei J Department of Thyroid Surgery, Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Surgical Translational Medicine, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, Jilin Province, Changchun, - - 2014
A retrospective cohort study to develop a classification scheme for abnormal vocal cord movement (AVCM) before and after thyroid surgery. Clinical and laryngoscopic data from patients who underwent partial or total thyroidectomy were analysed. AVCM was classified as mild (type I), moderate (type II) or severe (type III), according to ...
Kong Victor Y VY Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service, Department of Surgery, University of KwaZulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg 3216, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Routine chest radiography (CXR) following tube thoracostomy (TT) is a standard practice in most trauma centres worldwide. Evidence supporting this routine practice is lacking and the actual yield is unknown. We performed a retrospective review of 1042 patients over a 4-year period who had a routine post-insertion CXR performed in ...
Pang Ching Ling CL Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) is associated with high mortality and long-term dependence on RRT. However, there is limited information about the difference in outcome between patients who develop AKI in the community (c-AKI), and those who develop AKI in hospital (h-AKI). Identify differences in short- ...
Mitra Biswadev B 1Emergency & Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne Australia 2 Pre-hospital, Emergency & Trauma Group, Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia 3National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia 4 Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia 5 Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland 6 Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Monash University, Melbourne Australia 7 Emergency Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, - - 2014
Resuscitation of patients presenting with haemorrhagic shock after major trauma has evolved to incorporate multiple strategies to maintain tissue perfusion and oxygenation while managing coagulation disorders. We aimed to study changes over time in long-term outcomes in patients with major trauma. A retrospective observational study in a single major trauma ...
Schmidt Matthieu M Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 6. The Alfred Centre, Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia, - - 2014
To assess the relationship between early daily fluid balance (FB) and 90-day outcome in adult patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Retrospective observational study. Tertiary referral centre for ECMO. 115 patients treated with ECMO for refractory heart failure and 57 patients treated with ECMO for refractory respiratory failure. We ...
Karam Youssef Y Neurochirurgien et chirurgien de la colonne, Hôpital de Hull, CSSSG 116, Boulevard Lionel-Émond, Gatineau (Québec) J8Y 1W7, - - 2014
To identify risk factors that predispose to post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS) and describe the outcome of surgical management. Retrospective cohort study of 27 patients with post-traumatic syringomyelia. Spinal cord injury of these patients spanned the period from 1963 to 2008. All data were collected retrospectively using available medical records and radiological ...
Parchani Ashok A Department of Surgery, Trauma surgery Section, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar; Weill Cornell Medical College, Doha, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is difficult to estimate the real incidence of traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (TSAH). Despite the fact that TSAH following trauma is associated with poor prognoses, the impact of mechanism of injury and the pathophysiology remains unknown.. We ...
Hu Alaine J AJ Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital, 2150 Georgetown Rd, Lexington, KY - - 2014
Objective-To assess postoperative probability of racing, career longevity, and convalescent time in Thoroughbred racehorses with moderate to severe superficial digital flexor tendonitis (SDFT) in the forelimbs treated by desmotomy of the accessory ligament of the superficial digital flexor tendon (ie, superior check ligament desmotomy [SCLD]). Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-332 Thoroughbred ...
Aunan Eirik E Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sykehuset Innlandet, Lillehammer, Norway, - - 2014
To find out if there is an association between ligament laxity measured intraoperatively and functional outcome 1 year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Medial and lateral ligament laxities were measured intraoperatively in extension and in 90° of flexion in 108 patients [122 knees; median age 70 (range 42-83) years]. Mechanical axes were ...
Liss Michael M UC San Diego, Urology, San Diego, California, United States ; - - 2014
Purpose: Permanent and prolonged incontinence following RARP is known to result from injury to the external sphincter. We hypothesize that pre-existing detrusor over-activity may also contribute to delayed return of continence (>3 months). This pilot study examines the safety profile and efficacy of muscarinic receptor antagonist, Solifenacin, in incontinent men ...
Velescu Alina A Servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, España; Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective is to study the medium-term results of angioplasty and stenting in the femoro-popliteal sector in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI), and identify angiographic predictive factors of primary patency. Retrospective review of 98 patients with critical ischemia and angiographic lesions characterized as TASC A=13 (14%), B=38 (40%), C=24 ...
Nachtigall Irit - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 7% of hospitalized and 66% of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. It increases mortality, hospital length of stay, and costs. The aim of this study was to investigate, whether there is an association between adherence to guidelines (standard operating procedures (SOP)) for potentially nephrotoxic ...
Bendahou Mouhssine M Emergency Department, hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP), Paris, - - 2014
Ankle sprain is a frequently encountered traumatic injury in emergency departments and is associated with important health expenses. However, the appropriate care of this traumatic injury remains a matter of debate. We tested the hypothesis that compression stockings speed up recovery from ankle sprain. Recent (<48 hours) cases of ankle ...
Menon Shina S Center for Acute Care Nephrology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) after high nephrotoxic medication exposure-associated acute kidney injury (NTMx-AKI) in hospitalized children. We performed a retrospective cohort study of children exposed to an aminoglycoside for ≥3 days or ≥3 nephrotoxic medications simultaneously for the development of CKD at 6 months. Follow-up data >6 months ...
Tian Huanhuan H Intensive Care Unit, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, 661 Yellow River Road, Binzhou, 256603, Shandong, People's Republic of - - 2014
High mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU) is probably associated with sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). The aim of this study is to explore which stage of AKI may be the optimal timing for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). A retrospective analysis of 160 critically ill patients with septic ...
Ryb Gabriel E GE National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine the usefulness of S-100β, a marker for central nervous system damage, in the prediction of long-term outcomes after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) Hypothesis: Mid- and long-term outcomes of MTBI (i.e. 3, 6 and 12 months post-injury and return-to-work or school (RTWS)) may be predicted based ...
Jaworucka-Kaczorowska Aleksandra A Second Department of Surgery, General and Vascular Surgery Clinic, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland Department of Pathophysiology of Locomotor Organs, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, - - 2014
Saphenous nerve injury is the most common complication after surgical treatment of varicose veins. The aim of this study was to establish its frequency at great saphenous vein long stripping when four methods of surgery were applied. Eighty patients were divided into four groups depending on different stripping methods. Sensory ...
Giacoppo Daniele D Cardiothoracovascular Department, Institute of Cardiology, Ferrarotto Hospital, University of Catania, Catania, - - 2014
Preprocedural statin administration may reduce contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI), but current evidence is controversial. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing preprocedural statin administration before coronary catheterization with standard strategies were searched in MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect databases. The outcome of interest was the incidence ...
Fanelli Gregory C GC Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy, Geisinger Orthopaedics, Geisinger Medical Center, 115 Woodbine Lane, Danville, PA, 17822-5212, USA, - - 2014
Surgical treatment of knee dislocations is intended to correct the anatomic injury and restore knee stability and patient function. Several studies have shown successful results with surgical treatment of knee dislocations with up to 10 years of followup, but longer-term studies are uncommon. We evaluated patients treated surgically for knee ...
Lin Hsing-Lin HL Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Blunt chest injury is not uncommon in trauma patients. Haemothorax and pneumothorax may occur in these patients, and some of them will develop retained pleural collections. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has become an appropriate method for treating these complications, but the optimal timing for performing the surgery and its effects ...
Smits Arjen J AJ Department of Surgery, VU University Medical Centre, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study assessed the long-term outcome (>6 months, with a mean of 46 months after injury) of the conservatively treated radial head fracture type 1 of the Broberg-Morrey (B-M) modification of the Mason classification. The main aim of this study is to assess the limitations in ADL activities on long ...
Tomek Ivan M IM Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, 1 Rope Ferry Road, Hanover, NH 03755. E-mail address for T.S. Morgan: - - 2014
Techniques that reduce injury to the knee extensor mechanism may cause less pain and allow faster recovery of knee function after primary total knee arthroplasty. A quadriceps-sparing (QS) subvastus technique of total knee arthroplasty was compared with medial parapatellar arthrotomy (MPPA) to determine which surgical technique led to better patient-reported ...
Dwyer Tim T University of Toronto Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Toronto, Canada, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine whether younger patients had a similar response to repair of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear (RCT) as older patients. A secondary analysis was conducted of prospectively collected data of patients with full-thickness RCTs. Patients were categorized into patients <55 years of age and ...
Kumar Raj G RG Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Mr Kumar, Ms Boles, and Dr Wagner), Center for Neuroscience (Dr Wagner), and Safar Center for Resuscitation Research (Dr Wagner), University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Examine associations between chronic inflammatory profiles and outcome 6 to 12 months following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). University-affiliated level 1 trauma center and community. Adults with severe TBI (n = 87); healthy controls (n = 7). Prospective cohort study. Glasgow Outcome Scale; serum cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1β, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >