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Results 801 - 850 of 2747
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Razik Ibrahim Samir Abdul - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of our method of surgical treatment of traumatic knee dislocation with injury to the posterolateral corner by use of a standardized protocol. METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive patients presented with a grossly dislocated or reduced knee. Five of these patients were not included in this series. The ...
Goraya Nimrit N Department of Internal Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine, Temple, Texas 76508, - - 2013
Current guidelines recommend Na(+)-based alkali for CKD with metabolic acidosis and plasma total CO2 (PTCO2) < 22 mM. Because diets in industrialized societies are typically acid-producing, we compared base-producing fruits and vegetables with oral NaHCO3 (HCO3) regarding the primary outcome of follow-up estimated GFR (eGFR) and secondary outcomes of improved ...
Li De-Bang DB First Department of General Surgery, First Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu Province, - - 2013
To assess the impact of preoperative neoadjuvant bevacizumab (Bev) on the outcome of patients undergoing resection for colorectal liver metastases (CLM). Eligible trials were identified from Medline, Embase, Ovid, and the Cochrane database. The data were analyzed with fixed-effects or random-effects models using Review Manager version 5.0. Thirteen nonrandomized studies ...
Park Kyoung-Ha - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: There are limited long-term follow-up data on functional changes in the myocardium after high-voltage electrical injury (HVEI). METHODS: Twenty-three patients who had been exposed to HVEI (> 20,000 volts) and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction ([greater than or equal to]55%) were enrolled the study. Echocardiographic parameters including peak ...
Wagner Emilio - - 2013
Background:Anatomic restoration and postoperative rehabilitation of displaced fracture-dislocations of the tarsometatarsal junction of the foot are essential. Our objective was to report percutaneous reduction and screw fixation results in low-energy Lisfranc fracture dislocation injuries that were treated with early weight-bearing and rehabilitation.Methods:We retrospectively evaluated patients with low-energy Lisfranc injuries who ...
Kim Tae Hyun - - 2013
This study was performed to evaluate the effects of conditioned media (CM) from human amniotic epithelial cells (HAEC) on the corneal wound healing process. Eighteen rabbits (36 eyes) were used. The animals were randomly assigned to three groups according to treatments: CM from HAEC (group 1), vehicle only (group 2), ...
Yuan Q - - 2013
Objective. Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is one of the most ardently debated topics in traumatic brain injury (TBI) treatment. The aim of this study is to compare the differences between DC with and without mass evacuation in patients with TBI. Methods. From January 2005 to December 2009, 164 patients underwent DC ...
Sprenkle Preston C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Evaluate uNGAL as a marker for AKI in patients undergoing PN to identify the preoperative clinical features and surgical factors during PN that are associated with renal injury as measured by increased uNGAL levels compared to controls. METHODS: Using RN and thoracic surgery patients as control groups, we prospectively ...
Hemmes Sabrine N T - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is uncertain whether patients undergoing short-lasting mechanical ventilation for surgery benefit from lung-protective intraoperative ventilatory settings including the use of lower tidal volumes, higher levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and/or recruitment maneuvers. We meta-analyzed trials testing the effect of lung-protective intraoperative ventilatory settings on the ...
Khoynezhad Ali - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early outcomes of patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair for blunt thoracic aortic injuries. METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter trial using the Medtronic Valiant Captivia stent graft was conducted at 20 sites in North America. Fifty patients with blunt thoracic aortic injuries were enrolled between April ...
Liu Shen - - 2013
Limited forearm rotation is a frequent combined disorder in elbow stiffness. If the radial head cannot be saved during open arthrolysis, prosthetic replacement might be considered because it enhances stability and allows early motion. In this study we retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 8 patients (7 men, 1 woman) who ...
Lyons Steven - - 2013
Because significant postoperative blood loss can result in many complications, hemostasis remains a critical part of successful joint replacement outcomes. Advanced techniques, such as electrocautery use after optimally timed tourniquet release, focus on desired patient blood loss outcomes.The purposes of this study were to report the incidence of nerve injury, ...
Kim Na-Young - - 2013
Both systemic inflammatory reaction and regional myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury may elicit hypercoagulability after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). We investigated the influence of ulinastatin, which suppresses the activity of polymorphonuclear leukocyte elastase and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, on coagulation in patients with elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) undergoing OPCAB. ...
Bennett P M - - 2013
This is a case series of prospectively gathered data characterising the injuries, surgical treatment and outcomes of consecutive British service personnel who underwent a unilateral lower limb amputation following combat injury. Patients with primary, unilateral loss of the lower limb sustained between March 2004 and March 2010 were identified from ...
Yoshioka Katsuhito - - 2013
To the authors' knowledge, no comparative studies exist of venous thromboembolism (VTE) based on different pathologies, surgical procedures, or spinal levels after spinal surgery. The authors prospectively investigated VTE after elective spinal surgery.The study comprised 4 patient groups. Group 1 comprised 79 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated with posterior ...
Moharari Reza Shariat - - 2013
Tissue injuries may provoke neuro-hormonal response which in turn may lead to release of inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesize that block of afferent sensory pathways by infiltration of 0.5% bupivacaine in the scalp may decrease neuro-hormonal response in the neurosurgical patient. After obtaining informed consent, forty ASA physical statuses I, II, ...
O'Hara Jerome F JF - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that fenoldopam administration ameliorates ischemic injury, preserving the glomerular filtration rate and serum creatinine postoperatively after partial nephrectomy in patients with a solitary kidney. Fenoldopam is a short-acting dopamine-1 receptor agonist that might provide renal protection during ischemic stress. A total of 90 patients with a ...
Nishida Kotaro - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN:: A laboratory investigation using porcine model. OBJECTIVE:: To clarify the effectiveness of the soft coagulation system for stopping bleeding from the epidural vein using different outputs and the safety in terms of tissue damage including spinal cord injury. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Problems associated with coagulation using an ...
Chen Linwei - - 2013
Plate fixation, the conventional treatment for traumatic symphysis pubis disruption, carries the risk of implant failure and demands extensive exposure. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of dynamic fixation with the Endobutton CL, which has a long successful record in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions. Twenty-one ...
Liu Jing - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to observe the clinical effect and safety of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) in treating spinal cord injury (SCI) by intrathecal injection. From January 2008 to October 2010, we treated 22 patients with SCI with UC-MSCs by intrathecal injection; dosage was 1 × 10(6) ...
Harvin John A - - 2013
Failure to achieve fascial closure after damage control laparotomy (DCL) is associated with increased morbidity and long-term disability. In addition, early closure is associated with reduces infectious, wound, and pulmonary complications. We hypothesized that hypertonic saline (HTS), which attenuates resuscitation-induced intestinal edema in animals, would improve early primary fascial closure ...
Muller Michael J - - 2013
Major burn injuries cause devastating physical and psychosocial morbidity, combined with significant health care and community costs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a targeted burn prevention message on burn safety knowledge and behavior. An 11-year retrospective review of patients admitted to an adult tertiary ...
Sotres-Vega Avelina A 1 Lung Transplantation Research Unit, National Institute of Respiratory Diseases "Ismael Cosio Villegas" , Tlalpan, Mexico - - 2013
Currently, there are no surgical strategies to treat tracheal lesions longer than 7 cm. Such patients are not candidates for tracheal resection or end-to-end anastomosis and are thus left with only repeated palliative procedures to relieve their respiratory insufficiency. Experimental studies using cryopreserved trachea have produced contradictory results, limiting the clinical ...
Jia C - - 2013
Study design:The study was designed as a single-arm clinical trial.Objectives:To investigate the effect of detrusor botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) injection on urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:The study was performed in a national rehabilitation research center of China.Methods:Between September 2010 and May 2012, 41 male ...
Chalmers Peter N - - 2013
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to determine the results of meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) in high school and higher-level athletes, specifically with respect to return to their preinjury level of play. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of prospectively collected data from a single surgeon, evaluating athletes who underwent MAT. ...
Lee Po-Chu - - 2013
Background. This study evaluated the use of laparoscopy in hemodynamically stable patients with blunt abdominal trauma. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of hemodynamically stable blunt abdominal trauma patients. Patients admitted from July 1, 2003, to June 30, 2006 (prior to the adoption of laparoscopy for patients with blunt ...
Hofhuis Jose Gm - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication in critically ill patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). We hypothesized that ICU survivors with AKI would have a worse health- related quality of life (HRQOL) outcome than ICU survivors without AKI. Methods We performed a long-term prospective ...
Argalious Maged Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Our objective was to examine the association between preoperative statin therapy and the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing elective noncardiac surgery.METHODS:We analyzed the electronic records of 57,246 patients who had elective noncardiac surgery at the Cleveland Clinic Main Campus between December 2004 and March 2010. ...
Jeon Jangyong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hepatic inflow clamping during hepatectomy introduces ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, and many authors regard the addition of caval occlusion as adding increased risk. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is one of the protective strategies employed to reduce I/R injury in animal experiments and limited clinical series. The aim of the present study ...
Anakwenze Oke A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a novel technique of fractional myotendinous lengthening of the elbow flexors in patients with volitional motor control and spastic elbow flexion deformities after brain injury. METHODS: A retrospective review of 42 consecutive patients with spastic elbow flexion deformities ...
Kotwal Suhel S Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021 USA ; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Truman Medical Center, Hospital Hill, 2301 Holmes Street, Kansas City, MO 64108 - - 2013
Significance of the thrombophilic abnormalities in development of venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been studies with total hip arthroplasty and acute traumatic spinal cord injury. However, their role as risk factors for VTE in elective spinal surgery remains to be determined. To determine the role of thrombophilic abnormalities in the development ...
Teixeira Catarina - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Both fluid overload and oliguria are common complications in intensive care units (ICU) associated with increased mortality among critically ill patients, particularly in acute kidney injury (AKI). Although fluid overload is an expected complication of oliguria, it remains unclear whether their effects on mortality are independent of each ...
La Fountaine Michael F - - 2013
Aim: To determine the effect of a 12-month intent-to-treat tesosterone replacement therapy (TRT) trial on QTa interval variability (QTaVI) in hypogonadal (HG) men with spinal cord injury (SCI). Method: A prospective, controlled, 12-month TRT trial was completed in twenty-two healthy, chronic, non-ambulatory men with SCI. Based on serum T concentration, ...
Daneault Beoit - - 2013
BACKGROUND: PARAVALVULAR REGURGITATION (PVR) IS COMMON AFTER TRANSCATHETER AORTIC VALVE REPLACEMENT (TAVR) AND MAY BE ASSOCIATED WITH ADVERSE OUTCOMES. POSTDILATATION (PD) HAS BEEN PROPOSED TO TREAT PVR WITHOUT BEING FORMALLY STUDIED. WE PERFORMED A STUDY TO EVALUATE THE SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF PD AFTER BALLOON EXPANDABLE TAVR.METHODS AND RESULTS: CONSECUTIVE ...
Kill Clemens - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Unconscious patients with severe trauma often require urgent endotracheal intubation. In trauma victims with possible cervical spine injury, any movement of the head and neck should be avoided. STUDY OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of GlideScope videolaryngoscopy on cervical spine movement compared with conventional laryngoscopy in anesthetized patients with ...
Rostami Hamid Reza - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of mirror therapy (MT) in restoring hand function in patients with active range of motion (AROM) impairments following orthopaedic injuries. Method: In a randomized controlled trial (RCT), 30 patients with active ROM impairment (8 men and 22 women; mean age: 38 years) were measured. ...
Tomonori Tamaki - - 2013
To determine the causes and site(s) of nerve injury and to identify potential predictors of vocal fold paralysis (VFP) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) by application of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM). A total of 68 CEA patients were enrolled in this study. A 3-step IONM procedure was designed to obtain vocal fold ...
Scharman Elizabeth J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To conduct a systematic literature review to evaluate evidence-based recommendations for the prevention of rhabdomyolysis-associated acute renal failure (ARF).DATA SOURCES:PubMed (1966-December 2012), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Science Citation Index, and Cochrane databases (1970-December 2012) were searched. There were no language restrictions.STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION:Studies selected dealt with treatment of rhabdomyolysis ...
Harel Ziv Z Division of Nephrology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
Survivors of severe acute kidney injury remain at high risk of death well after apparent recovery from the initial insult. Here we determine whether early nephrology follow-up after a hospitalization complicated by severe acute kidney injury associates with patient survival. This consisted of a cohort study of all hospitalized adults ...
Monforte Victor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prophylaxis with inhaled liposomal amphotericin B has proven to be safe and effective for preventing infection due to Aspergillus spp in lung transplant recipients. However, the liposome contains a large quantity of phospholipids, and inhalation of these substances could potentially change the composition of pulmonary surfactant. The aim of ...
McDonald Jennifer S - - 2013
Purpose:To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled studies examining the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and other outcomes in patients exposed to intravenous (IV) contrast medium compared with patients who underwent an imaging examination without contrast medium or were otherwise unexposed (control group).Materials and Methods:MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, ...
Tasanarong Adis - - 2013
BackgroundContrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) increases the likelihood of patient morbidity and mortality following coronary procedures. Volume supplement with saline is the standard treatment to prevent CI-AKI. Additional antioxidant prophylaxis has often yielded conflicting results. The present study was conducted to examine the role of novel application vitamin E (tocopherol) ...
Newland Rf - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with increased mortality, requirement for dialysis, and longer intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital length of stay. Rewarming during CPB and poor oxygen delivery have been associated with AKI; however, the role of temperature management on AKI has not been ...
Rusavy Z - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Our purpose was to verify whether extensive dissection toward the sacrospinous ligament (SSL) needed for mesh fixation during anterior compartment repair increases the risk of postoperative voiding difficulties. METHODS: A total of 124 patients after anterior compartment mesh repair without simultaneous suburethral sling placement operated on in ...
Tofuku Katsuhiro - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients with distractive flexion (DF) injuries of the subaxial cervical spine who had undergone a posterior procedure using cervical pedicle screw (CPS) fixation with those who had undergone a combined anterior and posterior procedure. Recommendations for ...
Sassoon Adam - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Humeral head variations were developed based on anatomic and biomechanical advantages; however, the effect of this expanded prosthetic inventory has yet to be investigated clinically. This study seeks to determine whether prosthetic variety has led to better outcomes, has led to similar outcomes facilitating joint reconstruction, or created any ...
Saxena Amol - - 2013
Surgery in the athlete can present unique challenges, particularly when articular damage and osteoarthritic changes are noted. To allow athletes to return to their desired activity level, an alternative to the traditional approach of fusion must be developed. We prospectively reviewed 3 cases of osteochondral lesions and degenerative changes of ...
Celik E C - - 2013
Study design:Prospective, randomized and controlled study.Objectives:The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (LF-TENS) in the treatment of neuropathic pain in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods:A total of 33 SCI patients with neuropathic pain were included in the study. History, duration, ...
Annborn Martin - - 2013
AIM: To investigate serial serum concentrations of Procalcitonin (PCT) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) in patients treated with mild hypothermia after cardiac arrest, and to study their association to severe infections, Post Cardiac Arrest Syndrome (PCAS) and long-term outcome. METHODS: Serum samples from cardiac arrest patients treated with mild hypothermia were ...
Mourisse Jo - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Double-lumen tubes (DLTs) or bronchial blockers are commonly used for one-lung ventilation. DLTs are sometimes difficult or even impossible to introduce, and the incidence of postoperative hoarseness and airway injuries is higher. Bronchial blockers are more difficult to position and need more frequent intraoperative repositioning. The design of a ...
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