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Morrison A P AP Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospital NHS Trust, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP, - - 2013
Spinal anaesthesia is the primary anaesthetic technique for many types of surgery. Adjuncts to the local anaesthetics (LA) used in spinal anaesthesia can exhibit undesirable side-effects, limiting their use, but magnesium may have advantages in this respect. We sought randomized control trials (RCTs) in patients undergoing all types of surgery ...
Karvonen Jukka - - 2013
Abstract Background: BDIs complicate 0.5 - 0.8% of all LCs even after the learning curve and the limited QoL data on these patients are conflicted. The objective of the current study was to compare the quality of life (QoL) of patients who sustained a bile duct injury (BDI) during laparoscopic ...
Duytschaever Mattias - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To prevent thrombo-embolic (TE) events during ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF), warfarin is recommended in all patients irrespective of baseline TE risk. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a simplified periprocedural anticoagulation strategy of aspirin (ASA) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in patients at low TE risk. ...
Itoi Eiji - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Immobilization in external rotation is one of the treatment options for an initial dislocation of the shoulder. However, it remains unclear how long it takes for a Bankart lesion to heal. HYPOTHESIS:Protection of a healing Bankart lesion from stretching would promote the healing process and decrease the recurrence rate after ...
Meguro Kentaro - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is effective in treating severe aortic stenosis in high-risk surgical patients. We evaluated the value of the QRS duration (QRSd) in predicting the mid-term morbidity and mortality after TAVI. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 91 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI using the CoreValve ...
Jamjoom Aimun A B - - 2013
Abstract Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at an increased risk of developing venous thromboembolic events (VTE). Pharmacological thromboprophylaxis (PTP) is routinely delayed because of concerns of exacerbating intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The aim of this review is to examine the literature and assimilate suitable data to assess the safety ...
Cooper D James DJ Department of Intensive Care, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia - - 2013
Mortality is higher in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) resuscitated with albumin compared with saline, but the mechanism for increased mortality is unknown. In patients from the Saline vs. Albumin Fluid Evaluation (SAFE) study with TBI who underwent intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, interventional data were collected from randomization to ...
Felson D T DT Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA. - - 2013
To determine the effect of physical activity on knee osteoarthritis (OA) development in persons without knee injury and according to knee alignment. We combined data from Multicenter Osteoarthritis (MOST) and Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI), studies of persons with or at high risk of OA. Subjects had long limb and repeated posteroanterior ...
Ali Asghar - - 2013
Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors are cardio-protective against myocardial reperfusion ischemic injury in animal modelsbut are contraindicated in patients with coronary disease who take nitrates because of a risk for hypotension. We investigated the safety of vardenafil in patients undergoing coronary bypass grafting surgery (CABG). A single dose of vardenafil was given ...
Hill Nicholas S - - 2013
QUESTION In ventilated patients without acute lung injury or the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), does protective ventilation with lower tidal volumes (VT) improve outcomes compared with conventional ventilation? REVIEW SCOPE Included studies compared protective ventilation (lower VT) with conventional ventilation (higher VT) in patients who did not meet the ...
Lauzier François - - 2013
QUESTION In critically ill adults, what are the efficacy and safety of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 compared with saline for fluid resuscitation? METHODS DESIGN Randomized controlled trial (RCT) (Crystalloid versus Hydroxyethyl Starch Trial [CHEST]). ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00935168. ALLOCATION Concealed.* BLINDING Blinded* (patients, clinicians, {data collectors, outcome assessors, and data analysts}†). ...
Fukui Kiyokazu - - 2013
We previously reported the results of wear comparison at a minimum of 5years between highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) and conventional polyethylene (PE) against a zirconia femoral head. We now report the mean wear at 10years for 52 patients (56 hips) of the original cohort of 61 patients (65 hips) who ...
Kievit Arthur J - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of osteoarthritis, degree of laxity, and quality-of-life (QOL) scores in primary and revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study; 25 patients who had undergone revision ACL reconstruction with allografts were identified and compared with ...
Prakash S S Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, India. - - 2013
Maternal position affects spinal block characteristics. We investigated the effect of lateral, modified lateral and sitting position for spinal anesthesia with 2 mL hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% on spinal block characteristics in this prospective, randomized study. Seventy-five ASA physical status I parturients were randomly allocated to the left lateral to supine-wedged, ...
Pang Xiaoyang - - 2013
PURPOSE: Retrospective analysis of the clinical efficacy and feasibility of patients with thoracolumbar spinal tuberculosis with psoas abscesses treated by one-stage posterior transforaminal lumbar debridement, interbody fusion, posterior instrumentation, and postural drainage. METHOD: A total of 18 patients with thoracolumbar tuberculosis (TB), between February 2007 and February 2011, underwent one-stage ...
Saitoh Masakazu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate the relationship between preoperative kidney function, postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI), and postoperative fluid balance (POFB) with the progress of early postoperative cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients undergoing isolated cardiac surgery. METHODS: Four hundred twenty three consecutive patients (137 females, ...
Chen Yih-Chou - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the therapeutic effects of repeated detrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections on treatment outcomes, quality of life (QoL), and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in chronic spinal cord injured (SCI) patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction and urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with SCI who failed antimuscarinic treatment were ...
Romagna Alexander - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Tethered spinal cord syndrome (TCS) is characterized by attachment of the spinal cord down toward the tail end of the spine, comprising the danger of myelopathic symptoms. We retrospectively analyzed postoperative neurological outcome in adult patients with congenital TCS with special regard to the extent of resection of concomitant ...
Tanriverdi Fatih - - 2013
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been recently recognized as a common cause of pituitary dysfunction. However there are not sufficient numbers prospective studies to understand the natural history of TBI induced hypopituitarism. The aim was to report the results of 5 years prospective follow-up results of anterior pituitary function in ...
Liu Xin - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Symptomatic medial collateral ligament (MCL) instability is rare, and it is frequently associated with multiligament injuries. Most clinical investigations have failed to clearly define the specific objective outcome measures assessing the stability of the MCL quantitatively before and after the reconstruction procedure. PURPOSE:To quantitatively evaluate the early clinical outcomes of ...
Kouloulas Efthimios J - - 2013
The severity of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is determined by many variables, the complexity of which has made prediction of functional outcome an elusive target. To evaluate whether the three components of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and their alterations over time can serve as predictors of functional outcome after ...
Leder Steven B - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: This prospective single-arm study investigated both laryngeal physiology and voice acoustic measures in patients undergoing minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) due to primary hyperparathyroidism (primary HPTH). BACKGROUND:: Avoidance of recurrent or superior laryngeal nerve injury and maintenance of normal laryngeal physiology and vocal function are key goals in the treatment ...
Lee Hongliang - - 2013
PURPOSE: Both passive flexion-active extension and active rehabilitation have shown advantages and disadvantages in tendon healing. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of a combination of these 2 rehabilitation protocols. METHODS: A tendon injury model was used in white Leghorn chickens. Thirty-two animals were randomly assigned ...
Pereira Bruno Monteiro Tavares - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Penetrating traumas, including gunshot and stab wounds, are the major causes of cardiac trauma. Our aim was to describe and compare the variables between patients with penetrating cardiac trauma in the past 20 y in a university hospital, identifying risk factors for morbidity and death. METHODS: Review of trauma ...
Engebretsen Steven R - - 2013
Background: The robotic monopolar scissors Tip Cover Accessory (TCA) is an insulation device that prevents current leak from surfaces on the instrument other than the scissors tip. Reports of insulation failure and patient injury have been made, but not systematically studied. We investigate the incidence of TCA failure and potential ...
Lozos Vasileios A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Potassium adenosine triphosphate (KATP) channel openers have been involved in the enhancement of ischemic tolerance in various tissues. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the effects of aprikalim, a specific KATP channel opener, on spinal cord ischemic injury. METHODS: Fifty-four rabbits were randomly assigned to three ...
Leitgeb Johannes - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently have concomitant injuries; we aimed to investigate their impact on outcomes. METHODS: Between February 2002 and April 2010, 17 Austrian centers prospectively enrolled 863 patients with moderate and severe TBI into observational studies. Data on accident, treatment, and outcomes were collected. Patients ...
Provencher Matthew T - - 2013
BACKGROUND:There is a paucity of type 2 superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) surgical outcomes with prospective data. PURPOSE:To prospectively analyze the clinical outcomes of the arthroscopic treatment of type 2 SLAP tears in a young, active patient population, and to determine factors associated with treatment success and failure. STUDY ...
Sinikoglu Nadir S - - 2013
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of reinsertion of the stylet after a spinal anesthesia procedure on the Post Dural Puncture Headache (PDPH). We have enrolled into this study 630 patients who were undergoing elective operations with spinal anesthesia and randomized them to Group A (stylet replacement before ...
Acar U─čur - - 2013
The object of this study was to determine factors that might be associated with intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation after anterior segment open globe injuries (zone I). Data were obtained from the records of 68 patients who experienced zone I open globe injury between January 2008 and October 2010. Group I ...
Immerman Igor - - 2013
Internal rotation contracture is the most common shoulder deformity in patients with brachial plexus birth injury. The purpose of this investigation is to describe the indications, technique, and results of the subscapularis slide procedure. The technique involves the release of the subscapularis muscle origin off the scapula, with preservation of ...
Wu Zhenhua - - 2013
Radiation-induced lung injury is a well-described complication of nuclear accidents, marrow-transplant pretreatment and thoracic radiotherapy. The mechanism is complex and no special therapy for it is available at present. To study radiation pulmonary injury following heavy ion radiotherapy for thoracic tumors, Kunming mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: normal ...
Mand Carsten - - 2013
The annual number of persons killed in road-traffic accidents in Germany declined by 36% from 2001 to 2008, yet official traffic statistics still reveal a marked difference in fatalities between the federal states of the former East and West Germany twenty years after German reunification. We retrospectively analyzed data from ...
Deniz Yeliz - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In our study we aimed to investigate the effect of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine on QT, corrected QT (QTc), and P wave dispersion durations during spinal anesthesia in cesarean section. METHODS: Sixty parturients scheduled for elective cesarean section in ASA I-II risk groups were included in the study. ...
Paladini Paolo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Tears of the subscapularis tendon are a frequent cause of shoulder dysfunction. Tendon transfer techniques have been devised to treat irreparable tears. The objectives of this study were to explore the anatomic feasibility of using the pectoralis minor tendon as a graft for subscapularis tendon tears, the safety of ...
Fischer Aryeh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Small series suggest mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is well tolerated and may be an effective therapy for connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD). We examined the tolerability and longitudinal changes in pulmonary physiology in a large and diverse cohort of patients with CTD-ILD treated with MMF. METHODS: We identified ...
Georgiev Stanimir - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Phrenic nerve injury after paediatric heart surgery is associated with significant morbidity. Surgical plication of the diaphragm is believed to be beneficial to the patient, with difficult weaning from ventilation; however, the optimal timing remains unclear. We aimed to compare the outcome after two different strategies for treating hemidiaphragmatic ...
Inaba Kenji - - 2013
Brain Trauma Foundation guidelines recommend seizure prophylaxis for preventing early posttraumatic seizure (PTS). Phenytoin (PHE) is commonly used. Despite a paucity of data in traumatic brain injury, levetiracetam (LEV) has been introduced as a potential replacement, which is more costly but does not require serum monitoring. The purpose of this ...
Dewar David C - - 2013
The epidemiology of multiple-organ failure (MOF) after injury has been changing, questioning the validity of previously described prediction models. This study aimed to describe the current epidemiology of MOF. The secondary aim was development of a prediction model that could be used for early identification of patients at risk of ...
Yang Yunfeng Y Department of Orthopaedics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200065, P.R. - - 2013
To investigate the surgical methods in treating Weber type C ankle injury and estimate the necessity of syndesmosis operative exploration. Forty three patients of Weber type C ankle injury were treated with open reduction and internal fixation from October 2004 to December 2009. Twenty nine patients were treated with routine ...
Deniz Yeliz Y Staff Doctor, MD, Karaelmas University, School of Medicine, Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Zonguldak, - - 2013
In our study we aimed to investigate the effect of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine on QT, corrected QT (QTc), and P wave dispersion durations during spinal anesthesia in cesarean section. Sixty parturients scheduled for elective cesarean section in ASA I-II risk groups were included in the study. Baseline electrocardiographic (ECG) records ...
Sinikoglu Nadir S NS Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Bagcilar Egitim ve Arastirma Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2013
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of reinsertion of the stylet after a spinal anesthesia procedure on the Post Dural Puncture Headache (PDPH) METHODS: We have enrolled into this study 630 patients who were undergoing elective operations with spinal anesthesia and randomized them to Group A (stylet replacement ...
Ahmed Maqbool M Department of Surgery, Military Hospital, Street 8, Valley Road, Rawalpindi. - - 2013
To compare the frequency of recurrent laryngeal nerve(s) (RLNs) palsy after various thyroid procedures with and without identification of recurrent laryngeal nerve during the operation. Randomized controlled trial. Department of Surgery, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from August 2008 to April 2010. Patients undergoing indirect laryngoscopy with normal vocal cords and those ...
Little Milton T M MT Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY 10021, USA. - - 2013
Geriatric patients' (defined as those older than 65 years old) inherent comorbidities, functional limitations, and bone quality present obstacles to successful clinical outcomes for operatively treated supination external rotation (SER) ankle fractures. We retrospectively reviewed a prospectively collected series of SER injuries between 2004 and 2010. This is a comparison ...
Roy Andrew K - - 2013
To determine if newer criteria for diagnosing and staging acute kidney injury (AKI) during heart failure (HF) admission are more predictive of clinical outcomes at 30 days and 1 year than the traditional worsening renal function (WRF) definition. We analyzed prospectively collected clinical data on 637 HF admissions with 30-day ...
Sato Daisuke - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: An ablation catheter has been developed with six additional irrigation channels at the proximal end of the ablating electrode. We investigated the potential improvement of esophageal damage when the number of irrigation channels of the ablation catheter was increased during pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). METHODS: This study included a ...
Linthorst Josephine I - - 2013
AIMS: In patients with myelomeningocele (MMC) and coexistent scoliosis, a spinal cord transection (SC-transection) is sometimes performed before scoliosis correction to prevent traction on the myelum after stretching the spinal column. Performing a SC-transection may have positive effects on bladder function, especially in case of refractory detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia. This study ...
Akbarnia Behrooz A - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective case-series. OBJECTIVES:: Introduce and evaluate the safety of a new technique of Anterior Column Realignment (ACR) using a lateral transpsoas approach with release of ALL and annulus for correction of focal kyphotic deformity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Spinal Sagittal imbalance can adversely affect the long-term outcomes of ...
Nagai Yohei - - 2013
PURPOSE: Sivelestat, a selective inhibitor of neutrophil elastase, has been reported to reduce acute lung injury associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. This study retrospectively investigated the effect of sivelestat on respiratory function in patients who underwent esophagectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer between 2005 and ...
Leunig Michael M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2013
The direct anterior approach for THA allows implantation through an internervous plane without muscle detachment from bone. However, the classic longitudinal skin incision does not follow the anatomic skin creases and can result in scar widening. We therefore modified our incision technique to a short oblique skin incision following the ...
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