Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2572
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Ohno Yohei - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the association between contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and severity of bleeding estimated from periprocedural hemoglobin (Hb) measurement. BACKGROUND: The relationship between CI-AKI and bleeding in contemporary practice remains controversial. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of the prospectively maintained JCD-KICS ...
Chiu Yi-Chun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Esophageal stricture (ES) and gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) can occurred in patients injured by the ingestion of corrosive agents. These complications may occur concurrently but has not been reported in the literature. The aims of this study are to assess the effects and complications of endoscopic-guided balloon dilations (EBD) ...
Mahshidfar Babak B 1 Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of - - 2013
Patients with possible spinal injury must be immobilized properly during transport to medical facilities. The aim of this research was comparing spinal immobilization using a long backboard (LBB) with using a vacuum mattress splint (VMS) in trauma victims transported by an Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system. In this randomized clinical ...
Ichai Carole - - 2013
PURPOSE: Preventive treatments of traumatic intracranial hypertension are not yet established. We aimed to compare the efficiency of half-molar sodium lactate (SL) versus saline serum solutions in preventing episodes of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial ...
Ultee Jetske - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Psychological symptoms frequently accompany severe injuries of the upper extremities and are described to influence functional outcome. As yet, little knowledge is available about the occurrence of posttraumatic psychological stress and the predictive characteristics of peripheral nerve injuries of the upper extremity for such psychological symptoms. In this prospective ...
Watson Jennifer - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed the natural history of blunt thoracic aortic trauma (BTAT) over a 14-year period at our level 1 trauma center and compared open vs endovascular treatment. METHODS: All patients with BTAT presenting to a level 1 trauma center from 1998 to 2011 were included in a retrospective ...
Arora Pradeep - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: Perioperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is not uncommon, following revascularization. HDL has been shown to reduce organ injury in animal models. The aim of the study is to examine the association of HDL on AKI in patients undergoing revascularization for chronic limb ischemia. Methods: All patients who underwent ...
Howell Kaitlen - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To examine the natural clinical course of patients admitted to inpatient neurorehabilitation in a coma, vegetative state (VS), or minimally conscious state (MCS) after anoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (AIE). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 113 consecutive patients admitted to a German inpatient neurorehabilitation centre with severe disorders of ...
Connolly Fiona R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to identify factors associated with self-efficacy for managing recovery in the trauma intensive care population. INTRODUCTION: Injury accounts for 6.5% of disease burden in Australia, with similar levels being reported in other developed countries. While some studies regarding self-efficacy have identified a relationship ...
Zou Chao Chun - - 2013
Objective. Our purpose is to describe the characteristics and the outcome of melamine-induced renal and urinary tract injury in young children who consumed melamine-contaminated infant formula. Methods. This is a descriptive longitudinal study over 2 years in 240 children with melamine-induced urolithiasis screened in our hospital from September 15 to ...
Nishijima Daniel K - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare neurological outcomes at 6 months in older patients with preinjury warfarin or clopidogrel use and mild traumatic intracranial hemorrhage with those without prior use of these medications. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted at a Level 1 trauma center from April 2009 ...
Moscovich Mariana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common movement disorders. Normally ET affects the distal upper extremities, but it can also be accompanied by midline symptoms. Ventralis intermedius (VIM) thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been shown to be effective in reducing hand tremor, but its effects on ...
Zsoldos C M - - 2013
Gunshot injuries to the shoulder are rare and difficult to manage. We present a case series of seven patients who sustained a severe shoulder injury to the non-dominant side as a result of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. We describe the injury as 'suicide shoulder' caused by upward and outward movement ...
Amora Luciana de Albuquerque Salviano - - 2013
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has enhanced the prevention and treatment of auditory ailments such as ototoxicity. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of HBOT upon ototoxic injuries produced by amikacin. METHOD: This experimental study included 12 albino guinea pigs, whose auditory function was assessed through distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) and ...
Ye J X - - 2013
This study aims to analyze the operating methods and fundamental clinical effects of the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with the Ligament Advancement Reinforcement System (LARS) artificial ligaments using an arthroscopy. Fifty-three patients with ACL rupture who were treated using LARS artificial ligaments were enrolled in this retrospective ...
Hwang Jung Joo - - 2013
Most traumatic tracheobronchial injuries are fatal and result in death. Some milder cases are not life threatening and are often missed at the initial presentation. Tracheobronchial rupture is difficult to diagnose in the evaluation of severe multiple trauma patients. We reviewed the traumatic tracheobronchial injuries at Konyang University and Eulji ...
Reis Helena França Correia Dos - - 2013
To evaluate the association between extubation failure and outcomes (clinical and functional) in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). A prospective cohort study involving 311 consecutive patients with TBI. The patients were divided into two groups according to extubation outcome: extubation success; and extubation failure (defined as reintubation within 48 ...
Limpastan Kriengsak - - 2013
To evaluate risk factors that influences the outcome of decompressive craniectomy (DC) in severe traumatic brain injury patients. The authors' retrospective review of data collected from 826 severe traumatic brain injury patients admitted to the Chiang Mai University Hospital between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2008. During this period, ...
Duggan Michael - - 2013
Intracavitary noncompressible hemorrhage remains a significant cause of preventable death on the battlefield. Two dynamically mixed and percutaneously injected liquids were engineered to create an in situ self-expanding polymer foam to facilitate hemostasis in massive bleeding. We hypothesized that intraperitoneal injection of the polymer could achieve conformal contact with sites ...
Whyte John - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the 5-year outcomes of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) not following commands when admitted to acute inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively-collected data from the NIDRR-funded Traumatic Brain Injury Model System (TBIMS). SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation hospitals participating in the TBIMS program. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eight ...
Shi Pengcai - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The effects of preoperative (pre-op) renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors on outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the use of pre-op RAS inhibitors affected major outcomes of cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A university teaching hospital. ...
Turk Emin - - 2013
The authors investigated endothelial function using flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in burn patients. This study was done in burn patients with specific criteria on admission. Blood lipid profile at 1st day, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and FMD were assessed at 1st and 7th days, as well as at 1st and 3rd months. ...
Hill Marlene - - 2013
Abstract Background/aims: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) is associated with an accelerated progression of underlying chronic kidney disease (CKD). We sought to characterize the rate of loss of kidney function following fistulography in patients with advanced CKD. Materials/methods: We identified all patients with stage 4 or 5 non-dialysis-dependent CKD who ...
Farber Mark A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the conformable GORE TAG thoracic endoprosthesis (CTAG) device (W. L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz) for the endovascular repair of traumatic aortic transections. METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter trial was conducted at 21 sites. Primary safety end points included 30-day all-cause mortality. ...
Salvetti David J - - 2013
Object Increasingly, meningiomas are detected incidentally, prior to symptom development. While these lesions are traditionally managed conservatively until symptoms develop or lesion growth occurs, it is conceivable that patients at high risk for symptom development may benefit from earlier intervention prior to the appearance of symptoms. However, little research has ...
Lykissas Marios G - - 2013
Study Design. Retrospective analysis of 73 standalone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) procedures to identify any association between the amount of coronal curve correction and lumbosacral plexus injuries and/or postoperative pain.Objective. To address if there is any association between the amount of correction in both the coronal and sagittal planes ...
Lo Li-Wei - - 2013
Background: Dyspepsia is not uncommon in patients undergoing ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to investigate the change in gastric myoelectrical activity and its relationship to the outcome after ablation by electrogastrography (EGG). Methods and Results: The study prospectively enrolled 32 patients: 16 patients (Group 1) had ...
Holst Lars B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transfusion of red blood cells (RBC) is recommended in septic shock and the majority of these patients receive RBC transfusion in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, benefit and harm of RBCs have not been established in this group of high-risk patients. METHODS: The Transfusion Requirements in Septic Shock ...
Pang Xiaoyang - - 2013
PURPOSE: Retrospective analysis of the clinical study efficacy and feasibility of one-stage posterior transforaminal lumbar debridement, 360° interbody fusion, and posterior instrumentation in treating lumbosacral spinal tuberculosis. METHOD: A total of 21 patients with lumbosacral tuberculosis (TB) collected from January 2004 to January 2010, underwent one-stage posterior transforaminal lumbar debridement, ...
Chen James L - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The factors that lead to patients failing multiple anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions are not well understood. HYPOTHESIS:Multiple-revision ACL reconstruction will have different characteristics than first-time revision in terms of previous and current graft selection, mode of failure, chondral/meniscal injuries, and outcomes. STUDY DESIGN:Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS:A ...
Zanatta Paolo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is a lifesaving practice in cardiac surgery, but its use frequently is associated with cerebral injury and neurocognitive dysfunctions. Despite the involvement of numerous factors, microembolism occurring during CPB seems to be one of the main mechanisms leading to such alterations. The aim of the present ...
Sabre L - - 2013
Study design:Prospective clinical study.Background:The aim of the study was to investigate cortical reorganisation after traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).Setting:Tartu University Hospital, Tartu, Estonia.Methods:We studied six right-handed tetraplegic TSCI patients at 1, 3 and 12 months after the injury and 12 age- and gender-matched healthy ...
Olivecrona Magnus - - 2013
Based on the Corticosteroid Randomisation after Significant Head Injury (CRASH) trial database, a prognosis calculator has been developed for the prediction of outcome in an individual patient with a head injury. In 47 patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) prospectively treated using an intracranial pressure (ICP) targeted therapy, the ...
Song Jong Wook - - 2013
OBJECTIVESAcute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most frequently occurring complications after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB). Hyperglycaemia is a major, potentially modifiable risk factor of adverse outcome after cardiac surgery known to aggravate organ damage. The aim of this study was to address the association between intraoperative ...
Sanabria Alvaro - - 2013
Neuromonitoring in thyroid surgery has been employed to make nerve identification easier and decrease the rates of laryngeal nerve injuries. Several individual randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been published, which did not identify statistical differences in the rates of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) or external branch of the superior laryngeal ...
Fugate Jennifer E - - 2013
We aimed to study the long-term cognitive abilities of patients surviving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who were treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH). We prospectively identified and examined consecutive survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who underwent TH at our institution from June 2006 to May 2011. The results of brain imaging, serum ...
McGuinness Shay P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury occurs in up to 50% of patients and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. This study aimed to discover if perioperative urinary alkalinization with sodium bicarbonate infusion reduces the prevalence of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury. DESIGN:: This study was a phase IIb ...
Leontyev Sergey - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of patients with extensive thoracic aortic disease involving the arch and descending/thoracoabdominal aorta is often performed using an elephant trunk procedure. We retrospectively analysed our results comparing two different techniques: the conventional elephant trunk (cET) and the frozen elephant trunk (FET) operation. METHODS: Between January 2003 and ...
Xu Caiqi - - 2013
PURPOSE: The meniscus plays an important role in the knee joint. Meniscal tears are the most common knee injuries, are seen in all age groups and have several causes. Meniscectomy and meniscal repair, including open or arthroscopic procedures, are common operations for orthopaedic surgeons. The purpose of this meta-analysis was ...
Chadwick Sarah L - - 2013
Cutaneous scarring is currently an inevitable outcome following skin injury. Abnormal pigmentation within scars makes them more noticeable, causing distress for patients, particularly as there is no reliable and effective treatment available to date. The Duroc pig, known to scar badly, was used to investigate repigmentation of scars resulting from ...
Kuramoto Takanori - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Proton-pump inhibitors such as omeprazole are a standard treatment to prevent non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced upper gastrointestinal mucosal injuries. However, it is unclear which drugs may protect against all NSAID-induced digestive-tract injuries. Here, we compare the efficacy of the gastromucoprotective drug irsogladine with omeprazole in preventing NSAID-induced esophagitis, peptic ulcers, ...
Loder Randall L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are few studies that address temporal variation in firearm associated injuries. It was the purpose of this study to analyze the temporal variation in the types and patterns of injuries associated with firearm use from a national data base. METHODS: The database used was the Inter-University Consortium for ...
Chen Jing - - 2013
To explore the changes in the concentrations of neural markers immediately or several months after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The metabolic markers of neurons in white matter tissues above the lateral ventricle were semi-quantitatively determined by employing 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic technique (1-H-MRS) in 30 clinically diagnosed cases of ...
Bender Andreas - - 2013
Abstract Primary objective: Decompressive craniectomy is an effective therapy to relieve intractable intracranial hypertension following acute brain injury. However, little is known about the optimal timing for cranioplasties in the sub-acute phase. The objective of the present study was to analyse the effect of cranioplasty timing on neurological outcomes. Research ...
Andruszkow Hagen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are common in patients with multiple trauma resulting in pain, functional deficits, and disability. Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are common in severely injured patients potentially resulting in neurological impairment and permanent disability that would add to that from the musculoskeletal injuries. However, it is unclear to what ...
Adelson P David - - 2013
On the basis of mixed results from previous trials, we assessed whether therapeutic hypothermia for 48-72 h with slow rewarming improved mortality in children after brain injury. In this phase 3, multicenter, multinational, randomised controlled trial, we included patients with severe traumatic brain injury who were younger than 18 years ...
Reinholdt Carina - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of our technique for single-stage grip-release reconstruction and compare it with previous 1- and 2-stage grip reconstructions in tetraplegia. METHODS: A total of 14 patients (16 hands) with tetraplegia underwent a single-stage combination of operations to provide pinch, grip, and release function. We compared the ...
Hu Jia - - 2013
The aims of the study were to explore the situation and the potential determinants of return-to-work (RTW) and the absence duration following work-related hand injury, and to provide evidence for the future intervention strategy of improving RTW. A prospective cohort of workers with work-related hand injury from three selected hospitals ...
Jones Kristofer J - - 2013
There is a paucity of data regarding outcomes following revision ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction in Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers. A single case series comprised of 4 MLB pitchers has reviewed outcomes in this cohort and reported a 75% rate of return to pitching. We hypothesize that MLB pitchers ...
Park Jai Hyung - - 2013
Common peroneal nerve palsy, although rare, is a serious complication of total hip arthroplasty. Although several publications have dealt with the risk factors for peroneal nerve palsy, there is little literature regarding the time it takes for the nerve to recover and the factors that influence its recovery. The purpose ...
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