Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 901
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Jabłecki Jerzy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mallet finger, although common represents a spectrum of injuries for which there are many questions about the best form of treatment. Many authors advocate orthopedic treatment which is less invasive but requires greater patients dedication to implement. Despite a great number of different sort of orthosis none has proved ...
Raikin Steven M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Dislocation or subluxation of the peroneal tendons out of the peroneal groove under a torn or avulsed superior peroneal retinaculum has been well described. We identified a new subgroup of patients with intrasheath subluxation of these tendons within the peroneal groove and with an otherwise intact retinaculum. METHODS: The ...
Nilsson-Helander Katarina - - 2009
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is common after lower limb injury, but the effect of prophylactic treatment has not been documented in large randomised trials or meta-analyses. As a result, evidence-based recommendations have not been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of venous thromboembolism in patients ...
Ozkaya Ufuk - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Various treatment techniques have been described for the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture. However, there is no consensus among orthopaedic surgeons regarding the surgical technique and the postoperative rehabilitation program. Mid-term functional outcome results of the patients who had undergone open minimally invasive repair of fresh Achilles tendon ...
Rath Santosh - - 2010
After tibialis posterior tendon transfer surgery for foot-drop correction, the foot is traditionally immobilised for several weeks. To test the feasibility of early mobilisation after this procedure in patients with Hansen's disease, 21 consecutive patients received active mobilisation of the transfer starting on the 5th postoperative day. Transfer insertion strength ...
Debarge Romain - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of the percutaneous flexor tenotomy. We compared the results of two groups. The first group included 23 patients who underwent forefoot surgery without percutaneous flexor tenotomy, and the second group included 50 patients who underwent the same procedure combined with ...
Connell D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To culture collagen-producing cells derived from skin fibroblasts and o evaluate prospectively the safety and potential use of this cell preparation for treatment of refractory lateral epicondylitis in a pilot study. DESIGN: Prospective clinical pilot study. SETTING: Institution-based clinical research. PATIENTS: A total of 12 patients (5 men and ...
Hearnden Anthony - - 2009
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy has been claimed to be an effective non-invasive treatment for chronic calcific tendonitis of the supraspinatus tendon. However many trials have been criticised for not achieving necessary scientific standards. We report a prospective, single blinded, randomised control trial of 20 patients, which looked into effectiveness of ...
Shah R K - - 2009
This article summarises a prospective study to evaluate the long-term results produced by interosseous transfer of the tibialis posterior tendon for the correction of foot drop due to leprosy neuritis. The study was carried out in 120 feet in 69 patients. All patients had closed elongation of the tendo Achillis ...
Kitis P T Ali - - 2009
The results after primary repair of zone 2 flexor tendon injuries were evaluated in 263 fingers in 192 patients using two different early-controlled mobilisation programmes. There were 126 men and 66 women (age range 18 to 57 years) divided into two groups. Ninety-eight patients with 137 fingers were treated by ...
Wong Tak-Chuen - - 2009
We performed a retrospective review of 22 thumbs in 22 Chinese patients attending for the basal joint arthritis of the thumb over the last 14 years. There were 16 women and six men with a mean age of 50 years old. All were treated surgically by partial trapeziectomy and volar ...
Do?ramaci Yunus - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Locking loops are invented to prevent pull-out complication during early active rehabilitation after flexor tendon repair. This study compares the mechanical properties of the side-locking modified Kessler repairs with four- and two- side locking points. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty fresh flexor digitorum profundus tendons of the healthy adult sheep ...
Khan Riaz J K - - 2009
There is lack of consensus on the best management of the acute Achilles tendon (TA) rupture. Treatment can be broadly classified into operative (open or percutaneous) and non-operative (cast immobilisation or functional bracing). Post-operative splintage can be with a rigid cast (above or below the knee) or a more mobile ...
Tellisi Nazzar - - 2008
Procedures utilized to address the flatfoot in this study included medializing calcaneal osteotomy, posterior tibial tendon reconstruction with flexor digitorum longus tendon transfer, and in patients with more severe deformity, lateral column lengthening. We evaluated patients age 50 and less at the time of surgery, who underwent surgical reconstruction for ...
Klaiput Akkarapol - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve stimulation may induce cortical adaptations as it improves pinch strength in chronic stroke patients immediately after stimulation. OBJECTIVE: Test the effects of peripheral sensory stimulation on pinch strength in patients with acute and subacute stroke. METHODS: Stroke patients (N = 20) who had onset less than 6 ...
Stout Jean L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hallmarks of a persistent crouched walking pattern exhibited by individuals with cerebral palsy usually include loss of an adequate plantar flexion/knee extension couple, hamstring and/or psoas tightness, or contracture in conjunction with quadriceps insufficiency. Traditional treatment addresses the muscle-tightness component, but not the contracture or the muscle insufficiency. This ...
Ilizaliturri Victor M VM - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the short-term results of 2 different techniques of endoscopic iliopsoas tendon release for the treatment of internal snapping hip syndrome. METHODS: Between January 2005 and January 2007, a consecutive series of patients with the diagnosis of internal snapping hip syndrome was treated with endoscopic release of the ...
Kanojia R K - - 2008
Preliminary soft tissue distraction using an external fixator before centralisation and tendon transfer of the flexor and extensor carpi ulnaris to the little finger metacarpal was used to treat Bayne's type III and IV deformities in 18 hands of 14 patients with radial club hands. Treatment with external fixator was ...
Woon Colin Yi-Loong - - 2008
Volar-oblique injuries of the thumb pulp are particularly disabling. Many methods have been described to treat these injuries and provide return of sensibility. The conventional cross finger flap is an established technique and is well suited for intermediate-sized partial pulp losses. We review our experience with this flap and describe ...
Ozbaydar M - - 2008
We compared time-dependent changes in the biomechanical properties of single-and double-row repair of a simulated acute tear of the rotator cuff in rabbits to determine the effect of the fixation techniques on the healing process. A tear of the supraspinatus tendon was created in 80 rabbits which were separated into ...
Ulrich-Vinther M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Osteoarthritis of the thumb basal joint is a common and disabling condition. This clinical follow-up study compares the efficacy of total basal joint replacement surgery with that of tendon interposition arthroplasty. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients (mean age, 60 years +/- 1) with severe trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis (Eaton-Littler stage 2.4 +/- ...
Pellicci Paul M - - 2009
Although posterior capsule repair reduces the incidence of dislocation after THA, radiographic imaging studies suggest a high failure rate of the repair. Using MRI, we prospectively followed patients to evaluate the integrity of the posterior soft tissue repair after primary THA. Thirty-six patients (21 men, 15 women) underwent arthroplasty using ...
Knutson Jayme S - - 2009
Loss of finger extension is common after stroke and can severely limit hand function. Contralaterally controlled functional electrical stimulation (CCFES) is a new treatment aimed at restoring volitional finger and thumb extension. A previous pilot study showed reductions in hand impairment after 6 weeks of CCFES, but the effect did ...
Song Seok-Whan - - 2009
The juncturae tendinum (inter-extensor connections) are structures connecting each of the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) tendons. Nine months before the presentation to us, this 21-year-old man had painful swelling on the dorsum of the right hand after punching. At present, the patient showed an ulnar deviation of the long finger ...
Suchak Amar A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal rehabilitation protocol after surgical repair of an Achilles tendon rupture has not been well defined. The objective of this randomized study was to compare the effect of early weight-bearing with that of non-weight-bearing on early postoperative recovery following repair of an acutely ruptured Achilles tendon. METHODS: Between ...
Chang Edwin Y - - 2008
Various arthroplasty procedures have been described for the treatment of thumb carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcomes of patients treated with trapeziectomy and a variation of abductor pollicis longus suspension arthroplasty. Eighteen consecutive patients were treated by a single surgeon (K.C.C.) with trapeziectomy ...
Taghinia Amir H - - 2008
Although the ideal treatment of thumb basal joint osteoarthritis is debated, most surgeons advocate trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction tendon interposition arthroplasty. However, harvesting and weaving autologous tendon creates scarring, alters wrist kinetics, may prolong recovery, and is time consuming. In this article, the authors propose a new method of arthroplasty ...
Hahn Frederik - - 2008
In patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy, augmentation with flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon transfer can be performed to improve pain and functional limitations. There are no reports of postoperative imaging for evaluating tendon integration, inflammatory alterations or degeneration of the FHL muscle. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ...
Caulfield R H - - 2008
Absorbable sutures behave favourably in vitro and in an animal model. We report the outcome of flexor tendon injuries in a series of 272 consecutive patients treated over 45 months with a mean follow-up of 4 (range 3-12) months. Five hundred and seventy-six tendons were repaired in 416 digits. The ...
Hosalkar Harish - - 2008
Equinovarus of the foot is the most common lower extremity deformity following traumatic brain injury. We evaluated outcomes of the split anterior tibialis tendon transfer (SPLATT) for correction of equinovarus in 47 patients with hemiplegic traumatic brain injury and specifically studied differences in outcomes with two tendon fixation techniques. Seventeen ...
Vastamäki Martti - - 2008
Irreparable distal biceps tendon tears typically are treated using a free tendon graft. We asked whether our new method to fix the graft--using two suture anchors--yields similar results to our previous bone canal method. We compared the two methods for strength, endurance, and clinical findings. There were two groups, the ...
Schwartz Deborah A - - 2008
Continuous passive motion (CPM) is a common adjunct to the postoperative therapy program. Use of CPM has been advocated for a variety of diagnoses in hand rehabilitation. This retrospective study compares two groups of patients who underwent digital tenolysis (and/or capsulectomy) and evaluates the use of CPM in their postoperative ...
Giessler Goetz A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Transfer of the extensor indicis proprius tendon to the distal extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon is a standard operation to restore thumb extension. However, several postoperative hand therapy regimens exist. The previously described early dynamic extension splinting protocol has become our standard, and we now compare it with an ...
Links Annie C - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients with chronic scapholunate dissociation treated with a modified Brunelli technique versus a 4-bone tendon weave. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Twenty-three patients presented with chronic scapholunate dissociation and were treated with the 4-bone tendon weave technique as described by ...
Hetsroni Iftach - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Operative anatomical repair following complete avulsion of the distal biceps brachii tendon in athletic population is usually recommended. However, there is no clear consensus as to the advisability of the operation in middle-aged population. We therefore undertook a study to examine whether early anatomical repair in this specific population ...
Fortis Athanasios P - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the functional outcomes and complications after endoscopically assisted percutaneous repair of Achilles tendon rupture. METHODS: An arthroscopically assisted percutaneous repair was performed in 20 patients between the ages of 28 and 47 years. Two patients were suffering from a long-standing rupture. Follow-up was 2.5 years. Evaluation entailed ...
Lee J-H - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate gait disturbance after fibular flap transfer using preoperative and postoperative gait analysis. The gait performance of 20 patients was assessed at the Laboratory for Biomechanics, Seoul National University Hospital. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected simultaneously while walking on a 25-m walkway. ...
Anderson John A - - 2008
For patients with refractory retrocalcaneal bursitis (Haglund's syndrome), the most effective surgical approach has not been defined. We asked whether patients undergoing the tendon-splitting approach and the lateral approach would have comparably effective relief of pain for both types of calcaneal ostectomies. We retrospectively reviewed 30 patients (31 feet) who ...
Baek Goo Hyun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trigger thumb is a condition of flexion deformity of the interphalangeal joint in children. Although the surgical outcome is satisfactory, the indications for nonoperative treatment for this condition are not clear. The aim of the present study was to determine the rate of resolution of untreated pediatric trigger ...
Ozkan Yüksel - - 2008
Freiberg's infraction is an osteochondrosis of a lesser metatarsal head resulting in joint degeneration. There is no consensus regarding the management of these lesions. Here, we describe an interpositional arthroplasty using extensor digitorum brevis tendon as a solution for Freiberg's disease. Between 2003 and 2006, 6 women and 4 men ...
Orchard John - - 2008
Aprotinin is a broad spectrum proteinase inhibitor (including matrix metalloproteinase [MMP] inhibitor) used for treating patellar and Achilles tendinopathies. One previous randomized control trial demonstrated aprotinin injections superior to both corticosteroid and saline injections in patellar tendinopathy (Level II), whereas results reported for aprotinin treatment in Achilles tendinopathy have been ...
Park SangKeun - - 2008
The frontalis sling procedure is a useful approach for correcting severe blepharoptosis. However, blepharoptosis often recurs after corrective surgery using the tensor fascia lata. Good results without recurrence after a modified Fox method were obtained using the palmaris longus tendon. This study examined the safety and validity of the surgical ...
Yazdian Ziaeddin - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of a superior oblique tendon spacer procedure using nonabsorbable adjustable sutures in patients with Brown syndrome. METHODS: This noncomparative interventional case series includes 25 eyes of 25 patients with Brown syndrome. In all patients the superior oblique tendon was exposed; two nonabsorbable polyester sutures were ...
Omeroğlu Hakan - - 2008
The iliopsoas and adductor tendons are often soft tissue barriers obstructing relocation of the femoral head into the acetabulum and are frequently released to obtain reduction. We assessed whether posteromedial soft tissue release including sectioning of the adductor longus and iliopsoas tendons would lead to alterations in joint angles and ...
Misirli H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to relatively high levels of n-hexane either by inhalation or skin contact can result in peripheral nerve lesions. We present the clinical and electrophysiological features of 5 patients who have been exposed to n-hexane at similar industrial occupations in the progressive phase. METHODS: All patients underwent routine ...
Schönberger T J A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare the open end-to-end repair versus repair using the Mitek-anchor system in acute Achilles tendon rupture. METHOD: Forty-seven consecutive patients with Achilles tendon rupture, all operated on between 2004 and 2005, were included. Their medical records were reviewed and they were interviewed for surveillance of post-operative function ...
Nilsson-Helander Katarina - - 2008
In patients with a chronic rupture or rerupture of the Achilles tendon, the recommended treatment is surgical. Various surgical techniques have been reported in the literature; however, the outcome is rarely evaluated with a sufficiently long follow-up, using appropriate end-points. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the subjective ...
Schlegel Theodore F - - 2008
The effect of postoperative immobilization on the length, stiffness, and structure of connective tissue after radiofrequency probe shrinkage was examined in a rabbit patellar tendon model. Tendon lengths were measured before, immediately following, and 2, 4, and 8 weeks following heat application, with the contralateral tendon as a control. The ...
Saini Narender
<b>Background:</b> Traditionally the repaired extensor tendons have been treated postoperatively in static splints for several weeks, leading to formation of adhesions and prolonged rehabilitation. Early mobilization using dynamic splints is common, but associated with many shortcomings. We attempted to study the results of early active mobilization, using a simple static ...
Majewski M - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report a comparative study on postoperative management following percutaneous repair of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. METHODS: One hundred and three patients with percutaneous repair after acute Achilles tendon rupture were prospectively entered in our departmental database. Before July 1999, 15 patients were treated postoperatively with below-knee cast immobilization; ...
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