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Results 301 - 350 of 926
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McCallum Sebastian D A - - 2011
Topical glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) treatment has previously demonstrated short-term efficacy in the treatment of lateral epicondylosis. No long-term follow-up has been performed. Benefits from topical GTN persist 5 years after the cessation of therapy. A prospective comparative study. A follow-up study of 58 patients treated with 6 months of topical ...
Gaulke R R Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School (MHH), Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, D-30625, Hannover, Germany. - - 2010
Recurrent dislocation of the peroneal tendons following operative treatment is relatively uncommon, but can be difficult to treat. We asked whether subligamental transposition of the peroneus brevis tendon, fibular grooving, and reattachment of the superior peroneal retinaculum for failed peroneal tendon dislocation surgery would achieve a stable fixation of the ...
Maffulli Nicola N Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Keele University School of Medicine, Stoke on Trent, UK. - - 2010
Percutaneous repair of Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures reportedly reduces the risk of rerupture compared to nonoperative treatment and reduces the risk of wound infection compared to open surgery. We retrospectively reviewed the postoperative Achilles tendon total rupture score (ATRS), and the maximum calf circumference in 35 patients over 65 years ...
El Shewy Mohamed Taha - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic rupture of the Achilles tendon is a surgical challenge, owing to the presence of a gap between the retracted ends, which renders direct repair almost impossible. PURPOSE: In this study, 2 intratendinous distally based flaps fashioned from the proximal gastrocnemiussoleus complex are used to bridge the gap between ...
Nich Christophe C Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Surgery, European Hospital of Paris, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris Cedex 15, France. - - 2009
Open repair of full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff generally improves function, although anatomic failures are not uncommon. We asked whether the presence or absence of an anatomic repair influenced outcomes. We retrospectively analyzed 47 patients (49 shoulders) treated by open proximalized reinsertion of the supraspinatus tendon for chronic retracted ...
Kokkalis Zinon T - - 2009
PURPOSE: Trapezium excision with ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition has proved to be highly effective in the treatment of thumb carpometacarpal joint arthritis. Donor-site morbidity from autograft harvest can be avoided by using an allograft. We report the outcomes after suspension and interposition arthroplasty using an acellular dermal allograft (GraftJacket; ...
Chesen A Berkley - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical signs, ultrasonographic findings, and outcome of horses with tendinitis of the proximal portion of the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT; group A horses) and to compare signalment, horse use, and outcome in these horses with that of horses with tendinitis of the midmetacarpal region of the ...
Vulpiani M C - - 2009
AIM: The etiology, pathogenesis and natural course of Achilles tendinopathy are not yet completely known. Various forms of therapies, either conservative or surgical, have been proposed for its treatment. In the last few years, extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been proposed in the treatment of these tendinopathies and has shown ...
Kongsgaard M - - 2009
A randomized-controlled single-blind trial was conducted to investigate the clinical, structural and functional effects of peritendinous corticosteroid injections (CORT), eccentric decline squat training (ECC) and heavy slow resistance training (HSR) in patellar tendinopathy. Thirty-nine male patients were randomized to CORT, ECC or HSR for 12 weeks. We assessed function and ...
Tsai Po-Yi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There have been no clinical trials concerning the effect of acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) on human peripheral nerve lesions. Our interest was focused on the question of whether a repair strategy incorporating growth factors could be applied to repair of common peroneal nerve lesions. METHODS: This study involved ...
Pajala Ari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Augmented and nonaugmented techniques have been used for the operative repair of a fresh complete Achilles tendon rupture. Augmented techniques have been favored for their stronger pullout strengths but have been avoided because of the risk of wound complications. If proven to be equally good, the nonaugmented technique would ...
Ibrahim Samir Abdul Razik SA Sports Unit, Al Razi Orthopaedic Hospital, Sports Medical Centre, Clinical Tutor Medical School, Kuwait University, PO Box 4235, Safat 13043, Kuwait. - - 2009
Chronic Achilles tendon ruptures are often challenging to repair because of muscle and tendon atrophy, retraction, and short distal stumps. We undertook a retrospective investigation of 14 patients who were treated with the Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System (LARS) ligament for the treatment of chronic, neglected rupture of the Achilles tendon. ...
Aktas Seref S Acibadem Kadikoy Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2009
We prospectively analyzed and compared the functional and clinical results of patients with standard open and minimally invasive repair with the Achillon suture system at mid-term followup. From February 2004 to May 2007, 40 consecutive patients were operated for the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture with two different methods. ...
Rajeswaran Gajan - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate a new technique for ultrasound-guided percutaneous release of the annular pulley in trigger digit using a modified hypodermic needle. A total of 35 ultrasound-guided percutaneous releases were performed on 25 patients diagnosed and referred by hand surgeons in our institution ...
Hirpara K M - - 2009
Three groups of six porcine deep flexor tendons were repaired with a locking loop modified Kessler core suture using 4-0 braided polyester. Silfverskiöld repairs were performed using 6-0 monofilament nylon taking bites 2, 4 and 6 mm from the cut end of the tendon. The repairs were tested to failure ...
Meknas Khaled - - 2009
Twelve patients with clinical signs of retro-trochanteric pain syndrome were randomized to either operative treatment or a control group. Six patients were operated on with sectioning of the tendon to the internal obturator near its insertion to the trochanter major. There was no significant pain decrease in either group at ...
Schneider Adam - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics associated with bilateral ruptures of the distal biceps tendons. METHODS: We present a retrospective case series of 25 patients who sustained non-simultaneous bilateral distal biceps brachii tendon ruptures that were repaired surgically, with follow-up available on 10 patients. The average ...
Klinger H-M - - 2009
Our objective was to evaluate the cell biology and biomechanical aspects of the healing process after two different techniques in open rotator cuff surgery - double-loaded bio-absorbable suture anchors combined with so-called arthroscopic Mason-Allen stitches (AAMA) and a trans-osseous suture technique combined with traditional modified Mason-Allen stitches (SMMA). Thirty-six mature ...
Heinzelmann Andrew D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are many techniques described to repair acute distal biceps tendon ruptures. The authors' objective is to report the results of a single-incision technique using a combination of a soft tissue button and biotenodesis interference screw with accelerated rehabilitation. HYPOTHESIS: Dual fixation of a distal biceps rupture will allow ...
Oliveira Flávia Schlittler - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Calcaneous tendon is one of the most damaged tendons, and its healing may last from weeks to months to be completed. In the search after speeding tendon repair, low intensity laser therapy has shown favorable effect. To assess the effect of low intensity laser therapy on the ...
Ceulemans Laurens - - 2009
Pollicisation of the index finger for absence or severe hypoplasia of the thumb has been reported as a good procedure to recreate a new "thumb" with good cosmesis and acceptable function. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of our series. Seventeen patients with 24 involved hands ...
Wollstein Ronit - - 2009
Basal joint arthritis of the thumb is commonly treated surgically. Although the results are good, there is still controversy regarding the treatment of young people with low radiographic stages of disease. Our purpose was to evaluate the durability of a tendon arthroplasty procedure in this population. Thirty patients aged 55 ...
Dayer R - - 2009
We studied a cohort of 26 diabetic patients with chronic ulceration under the first metatarsal head treated by a modified Jones extensor hallucis longus and a flexor hallucis longus transfer. If the first metatarsal was still plantar flexed following these two transfers, a peroneus longus to the peroneus brevis tendon ...
Will Ryan E RE 2078A Vining Drive, Woodbury, MN 55125, USA. - - 2009
Chronic Achilles tendinopathy may require tendon transfer for treatment. Relatively few studies have reported the clinical outcome for flexor hallucis longus (FHL) transfer for chronic Achilles tendinopathy. Both single and double incision techniques have been reported. We present our series of a single incision technique. A retrospective study measured the ...
Jabłecki Jerzy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mallet finger, although common represents a spectrum of injuries for which there are many questions about the best form of treatment. Many authors advocate orthopedic treatment which is less invasive but requires greater patients dedication to implement. Despite a great number of different sort of orthosis none has proved ...
Raikin Steven M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Dislocation or subluxation of the peroneal tendons out of the peroneal groove under a torn or avulsed superior peroneal retinaculum has been well described. We identified a new subgroup of patients with intrasheath subluxation of these tendons within the peroneal groove and with an otherwise intact retinaculum. METHODS: The ...
Elias Ilan I Foot and Ankle Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19107, - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and objective isokinetic dynamometry on a cohort of patients with chronic insertional Achilles tendinosis, who underwent surgical reconstruction using an FHL tendon autograft transfer through a single incision. Forty patients (16 male and 24 female; mean age, 57 years; ...
Nilsson-Helander Katarina - - 2009
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is common after lower limb injury, but the effect of prophylactic treatment has not been documented in large randomised trials or meta-analyses. As a result, evidence-based recommendations have not been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of venous thromboembolism in patients ...
Ozkaya Ufuk - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Various treatment techniques have been described for the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture. However, there is no consensus among orthopaedic surgeons regarding the surgical technique and the postoperative rehabilitation program. Mid-term functional outcome results of the patients who had undergone open minimally invasive repair of fresh Achilles tendon ...
Rath Santosh - - 2010
After tibialis posterior tendon transfer surgery for foot-drop correction, the foot is traditionally immobilised for several weeks. To test the feasibility of early mobilisation after this procedure in patients with Hansen's disease, 21 consecutive patients received active mobilisation of the transfer starting on the 5th postoperative day. Transfer insertion strength ...
Debarge Romain - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of the percutaneous flexor tenotomy. We compared the results of two groups. The first group included 23 patients who underwent forefoot surgery without percutaneous flexor tenotomy, and the second group included 50 patients who underwent the same procedure combined with ...
Connell D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To culture collagen-producing cells derived from skin fibroblasts and o evaluate prospectively the safety and potential use of this cell preparation for treatment of refractory lateral epicondylitis in a pilot study. DESIGN: Prospective clinical pilot study. SETTING: Institution-based clinical research. PATIENTS: A total of 12 patients (5 men and ...
Hearnden Anthony - - 2009
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy has been claimed to be an effective non-invasive treatment for chronic calcific tendonitis of the supraspinatus tendon. However many trials have been criticised for not achieving necessary scientific standards. We report a prospective, single blinded, randomised control trial of 20 patients, which looked into effectiveness of ...
Shah R K - - 2009
This article summarises a prospective study to evaluate the long-term results produced by interosseous transfer of the tibialis posterior tendon for the correction of foot drop due to leprosy neuritis. The study was carried out in 120 feet in 69 patients. All patients had closed elongation of the tendo Achillis ...
Kitis P T Ali - - 2009
The results after primary repair of zone 2 flexor tendon injuries were evaluated in 263 fingers in 192 patients using two different early-controlled mobilisation programmes. There were 126 men and 66 women (age range 18 to 57 years) divided into two groups. Ninety-eight patients with 137 fingers were treated by ...
Wong Tak-Chuen - - 2009
We performed a retrospective review of 22 thumbs in 22 Chinese patients attending for the basal joint arthritis of the thumb over the last 14 years. There were 16 women and six men with a mean age of 50 years old. All were treated surgically by partial trapeziectomy and volar ...
Do?ramaci Yunus - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Locking loops are invented to prevent pull-out complication during early active rehabilitation after flexor tendon repair. This study compares the mechanical properties of the side-locking modified Kessler repairs with four- and two- side locking points. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty fresh flexor digitorum profundus tendons of the healthy adult sheep ...
Khan Riaz J K - - 2009
There is lack of consensus on the best management of the acute Achilles tendon (TA) rupture. Treatment can be broadly classified into operative (open or percutaneous) and non-operative (cast immobilisation or functional bracing). Post-operative splintage can be with a rigid cast (above or below the knee) or a more mobile ...
Tellisi Nazzar N Hospital for Special Surgery, Foot and Ankle, New York, NY 10021, USA. - - 2008
Procedures utilized to address the flatfoot in this study included medializing calcaneal osteotomy, posterior tibial tendon reconstruction with flexor digitorum longus tendon transfer, and in patients with more severe deformity, lateral column lengthening. We evaluated patients age 50 and less at the time of surgery, who underwent surgical reconstruction for ...
Klaiput Akkarapol - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve stimulation may induce cortical adaptations as it improves pinch strength in chronic stroke patients immediately after stimulation. OBJECTIVE: Test the effects of peripheral sensory stimulation on pinch strength in patients with acute and subacute stroke. METHODS: Stroke patients (N = 20) who had onset less than 6 ...
Stout Jean L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hallmarks of a persistent crouched walking pattern exhibited by individuals with cerebral palsy usually include loss of an adequate plantar flexion/knee extension couple, hamstring and/or psoas tightness, or contracture in conjunction with quadriceps insufficiency. Traditional treatment addresses the muscle-tightness component, but not the contracture or the muscle insufficiency. This ...
Ilizaliturri Victor M VM - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the short-term results of 2 different techniques of endoscopic iliopsoas tendon release for the treatment of internal snapping hip syndrome. METHODS: Between January 2005 and January 2007, a consecutive series of patients with the diagnosis of internal snapping hip syndrome was treated with endoscopic release of the ...
Kanojia R K - - 2008
Preliminary soft tissue distraction using an external fixator before centralisation and tendon transfer of the flexor and extensor carpi ulnaris to the little finger metacarpal was used to treat Bayne's type III and IV deformities in 18 hands of 14 patients with radial club hands. Treatment with external fixator was ...
Woon Colin Yi-Loong - - 2008
Volar-oblique injuries of the thumb pulp are particularly disabling. Many methods have been described to treat these injuries and provide return of sensibility. The conventional cross finger flap is an established technique and is well suited for intermediate-sized partial pulp losses. We review our experience with this flap and describe ...
Ozbaydar M - - 2008
We compared time-dependent changes in the biomechanical properties of single-and double-row repair of a simulated acute tear of the rotator cuff in rabbits to determine the effect of the fixation techniques on the healing process. A tear of the supraspinatus tendon was created in 80 rabbits which were separated into ...
Ulrich-Vinther M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Osteoarthritis of the thumb basal joint is a common and disabling condition. This clinical follow-up study compares the efficacy of total basal joint replacement surgery with that of tendon interposition arthroplasty. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients (mean age, 60 years +/- 1) with severe trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis (Eaton-Littler stage 2.4 +/- ...
Pellicci Paul M - - 2009
Although posterior capsule repair reduces the incidence of dislocation after THA, radiographic imaging studies suggest a high failure rate of the repair. Using MRI, we prospectively followed patients to evaluate the integrity of the posterior soft tissue repair after primary THA. Thirty-six patients (21 men, 15 women) underwent arthroplasty using ...
Knutson Jayme S - - 2009
Loss of finger extension is common after stroke and can severely limit hand function. Contralaterally controlled functional electrical stimulation (CCFES) is a new treatment aimed at restoring volitional finger and thumb extension. A previous pilot study showed reductions in hand impairment after 6 weeks of CCFES, but the effect did ...
Song Seok-Whan - - 2009
The juncturae tendinum (inter-extensor connections) are structures connecting each of the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) tendons. Nine months before the presentation to us, this 21-year-old man had painful swelling on the dorsum of the right hand after punching. At present, the patient showed an ulnar deviation of the long finger ...
Suchak Amar A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal rehabilitation protocol after surgical repair of an Achilles tendon rupture has not been well defined. The objective of this randomized study was to compare the effect of early weight-bearing with that of non-weight-bearing on early postoperative recovery following repair of an acutely ruptured Achilles tendon. METHODS: Between ...
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