Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 901
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Embrey David G - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether functional electrical stimulation (FES) timed to activate the dorsiflexors and plantar flexors during gait improves the walking of adults with hemiplegia. DESIGN: Randomized crossover trial. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with hemiplegia (N=28) with a mean age +/- SD of 60+/-10.9 years and 4.9+/-3.8 years ...
de Morais Filho Mauro César - - 2010
To investigate the effect of earlier triceps surae (TS) surgical lengthening at knee kinematics in the stance phase in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). One thousand and thirty-nine participants from an eligible total of 1750 children with CP were referred to gait analysis laboratory from January 2000 to April 2007. ...
Shah Anup Ajit - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the failure rate of patients undergoing primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with an Achilles tendon allograft by a single surgeon with the same surgical technique, graft fixation, and postoperative rehabilitation. The Achilles tendon allograft was obtained from a single source. METHODS: Of ...
Schöffl Volker - - 2010
Injuries to the flexor tendons and flexor tendon pulleys are frequently reported in rock climbers. Osteoarthritic changes with bone spurs are also well known. We report on the less commonly described extensor tendon irritation caused by such osteophytes. Thirteen high-level rock climbers (12 men, 1 woman; average age 33.8 years ...
De Zordo T - - 2011
To analyze the effectiveness and complication rate of ultrasound (US)-guided perforation and lavage using a two-needle technique with 16 - 18 G needles in the treatment of patients with calcific tendinopathy in the shoulder, elbow, hip, and knee by radiological and clinical follow-up. A retrospective chart review was performed and ...
Jockel Christopher R - - 2010
HYPOTHESIS: Is the presentation and outcome of surgical treatment of distal biceps tendon tears different in women than men? MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1999 to 2008, 15 cases of distal biceps tendon tears in 13 female patients were treated surgically at a single institution. Mean age was 63 years (range, ...
Rath Santosh - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Immobilization after tendon transfers has been the conventional postoperative management. Several recent studies suggest early mobilization does not increase tendon pullout. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To confirm those studies we determined whether when compared with immobilization early active mobilization after a tendon transfer for foot-drop correction would (1) have a similar low ...
Bunata Robert E - - 2010
PURPOSE: This retrospective study documents the results of primary enlargement of tendon sheath pulleys by incision and extensor retinaculum graft repair during flexor tendon repairs in zone 2 in 9 fingers. METHODS: The entire A2 or A4 pulley was enlarged by complete incision and repaired with an interposed extensor retinaculum ...
Kayurapan Agawit - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the length and strength of fascia latae after gamma sterilisation and different durations of deep-freezing. METHODS: 50 pieces of fresh porcine fascia latae were randomly divided into 5 groups. Group 1 acted as controls, which were not gamma irradiated and deep-frozen. In groups 2 to 4, fascia ...
Uzümcügil Onat - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the central (transpatellar tendon) portal technique for the treatment of isolated medial bucket-handle type meniscal tears with the arthroscopic menisectomy procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, fifty patients with isolated medial bucket-handle type meniscal tears were evaluated. ...
Suleiman Yusuf M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of topical prednisolone acetate 1% and topical ketorolac tromethamine 0.5% in the maintenance of pupillary mydriasis during cataract surgery. Fifty patients were enrolled in this prospective, partially masked and randomised study. They were assigned to receive topical treatment ...
Nilsson Anders - - 2010
The Artelon CMC spacer is designed for surgical treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) in the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb (CMC-I). Good results using this degradable device were previously presented in a pilot study. We now present results from a larger randomized, controlled, multicenter study. 109 patients (94 females) with a ...
Cooper Daniel E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: No case series of isolated complete rupture of the distal semitendinosus tendon have been reported previously. PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to increase awareness and report the authors' treatment experience, particularly the less than favorable results of nonoperative initial treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: ...
Charousset Christophe - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess tendon healing and clinical results of rotator cuff tears (RCTs) repaired arthroscopically in patients aged 65 years or older. METHODS: Between January 2001 and December 2004, 88 patients with a mean age of 70 years (range, 65 to 85 years) had ...
Khanna Puja P - - 2010
To characterize the baseline tendon friction rubs (TFRs) in early dcSSc and to evaluate the association of change in TFR over 6 and 12 months with changes in modified Rodnan skin score (MRSS) and HAQ-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) over 12 and 24 months, respectively. We analysed data from the d-Pen study, ...
Sarrafian Tiffany L - - 2010
The primary goal of this study was to evaluate a cross-linked acellular porcine dermal patch (APD), as well as platelet-rich plasma fibrin matrix (PRPFM), for repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture in a sheep model. The 2 surgically transected tendon ends were reapproximated in groups 1 and 2, whereas a ...
Rapley Jay H - - 2010
This study evaluated an acellular dermal matrix allograft augmentation for chronic mid-substance peroneous longus and brevis tendon tears. The hypothesis was that acellular dermal matrix allograft augmentation of chronic longitudinal mid-substance or complete tears of both peroneal tendons provides sufficient initial strength to allow a rapid rehabilitation program. A consecutive ...
Anderson G A - - 2010
Inability to actively supinate the forearm makes common activities of daily living and certain vocational activities awkward or impossible to perform. A total of 11 patients with deficient supination of the arm underwent transfer of the tendon of flexor carpi ulnaris to the split tendon of brachioradialis with its bony ...
Konerding Moritz A - - 2010
Acute Achilles tendon (AT) rupture is a common injury with a comparatively high complication rate. Presently, surgical treatments compete with nonoperative treatment modalities. The aim of this study was to elucidate the possible beneficial effects of short-term combinatory application of growth factors on tendon healing during operative or conservative treatment. ...
Robinson M A - - 2010
Cross-sectional study. To quantify three-dimensional (3D) reachable workspace in different groups of tetraplegic participants and to assess their reaching performance within this workspace. Northwest Regional Spinal Injuries Centre, UK. The 3D reachable workspace of three groups of tetraplegics (NON-OP, operated group (OP) and tetraplegic control group (CON(Tetraplegic)) with varying levels ...
Gaber Tarek A-Z K - - 2010
Proximal muscle weakness is a common association of muscular dystrophies. Knees and hip extensor weakness limit the patients' ability to counteract flexor knee joints' moments. Therefore, patients try to toe walk to move the ground reaction force (GRF) anteriorly to help to stabilise the knee. We report a case of ...
Aiyegbusi A I - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing intrasound therapy are often concurrently on NSAIDs. The effect of varied intensities of intrasound therapy with NSAIDs on tendon healing is yet to be determined. OBJECTIVE: The study investigated the effects of a concurrent admistration of low and high intensity intrasound therapy (LIRT&HIRT) with indomethacin (Indocid) on ...
Zwerver Johannes - - 2010
Patellar tendinopathy is a common overuse injury for which no evidence-based treatment guidelines exist. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) seems to be an effective treatment for patellar tendinopathy but the most beneficial treatment strategies still need to be ascertained. Aim of this pilot study was to investigate if patient guided ...
Yildirim Azad - - 2010
The hands and wrists are very important for performing the activities of daily life independently. The spaghetti wrist may involve major nerves and arteries, as well as the wrist and finger flexors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rehabilitation results of postoperative early mobilization in patients with ...
Cretnik Andrej - - 2010
Very little has been published about Achilles tendon rupture in the elderly. Optimal therapy is controversial with conservative treatment generally recommended. The purpose of our study was to find the incidence and outcome of operatively treated Achilles tendon ruptures in the elderly. We determined the incidence of a closed complete ...
Wieder Devorah R - - 2010
The contraceptive vaginal ring is a novel contraceptive method that offers unique advantages. Intravaginal delivery of both estrogen and progesterone allows continuous release of medication, resulting in lower systemic levels. The use of long-term combined hormonal contraception enables improved cycle control compared with progesterone-only methods. The indications and usage of ...
Lam Philip T H - - 2010
To compare the safety profiles of intracameral cephalosporins in cataract surgery. In this controlled trial, 129 patients were randomized to one of four groups to receive 1 mg of one of three cephalosporins - cefazolin, cefuroxime, or ceftazidime, or normal saline - given intracamerally during cataract surgery. Central endothelial cell ...
Leonardis Mauro - - 2010
The continual search for new products for soft-tissue augmentation has in recent years led to the introduction of long lasting alternatives to hyaluronic acids and collagen that are composed of other polymers able to improve clinical persistence over time. This is the first report in which sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) ...
Yotsumoto Tadahiko - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Immobilization or orthosis is required after conventional Achilles tendon surgery. Hypothesis This new Achilles tendon repair approach enables early rehabilitation without any postoperative immobilization or orthosis. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients (14 men and 6 women; mean age, 43.4 years; range, 16-70 ...
Aydin Sibel Zehra - - 2010
Enthesitis is considered as the primary anatomical lesion in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Therapeutic effects of TNF-alpha antagonist treatments for enthesitis on imaging changes are still limited to case reports or small sample-sized trials. We aimed to investigate the potential of ultrasonography (US) to detect early changes after TNF-alpha antagonist therapy ...
Van Heest Ann - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the preoperative and postoperative pattern of firing of the flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU) in a grasp and release functional activity for children treated with an FCU to extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon transfer for wrist flexion deformity associated with spastic hemiplegia from cerebral palsy. METHODS: Seven children, ...
DeCarbo William T - - 2010
Equine pericardium xenograft is now widely used to augment Achilles tendon repair. In this article, we describe the case of a postoperative complication in a healthy 37-year-old male who underwent primary repair, augmented with equine pericardium, of his acutely ruptured Achilles tendon. At 4 months postoperative, an indurated and fluctuant ...
Garrido Ignacio Martínez - - 2010
We reviewed the outcomes of the Achillon minimally invasive suture system and an early semi-functional rehabilitation program for the treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. From December 2006 to April 2008, 18 consecutive patients with acute Achilles tendon ruptures were retrospectively reviewed with an average follow-up of 22 months. Clinical ...
Kinner B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is abundant literature on the treatment of Achilles tendon rupture; however data on sports and recreational activities after this injury is scarce. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 71 patients were assessed in a prospective cross-sectional study after an average of 3 years after Achilles tendon rupture. 44 patients were treated ...
Suttinark Piyachart - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of flexor hallucis longus transfer for the treatment of Achilles tendinosis rupture and the postoperative morbidity of the hallux. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study was performed in the patients with Achilles tendinosis rupture who underwent the flexor hallucis longus transfer from January 2001 ...
Vlachou Maria - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine if surgical lengthening of the hamstrings and gastrocnemius/Achilles complex affects muscle tone in patients with cerebral palsy. The question was if the dynamic component of muscle length changes after orthopedic surgery. A retrospective study was performed on ambulatory children with cerebral palsy ...
Humphrey Joel - - 2010
We investigated neovascularisation, tendon thickness and clinical function in chronic resistant Achilles tendinopathy following high volume image guided injections (HVIGI). The subjects involved 11 athletes (mean age 43.5 years+/-11.6, range 22-59) with resistant tendinopathy of the main body of the Achilles tendon for a mean of 51.4 months (+/-55.56, range ...
Allet L - - 2010
Gait characteristics and balance are altered in diabetic patients. Little is known about possible treatment strategies. This study evaluates the effect of a specific training programme on gait and balance of diabetic patients. This was a randomised controlled trial (n=71) with an intervention (n=35) and control group (n=36). The intervention ...
Bare Aaron - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the intra-articular pathology associated with peroneal tendon tears and report the outcomes after tendon repair or tenodesis with arthroscopic treatment. METHODS: Thirty patients were evaluated who underwent ankle arthroscopy followed by peroneal tendon repair. Intra-articular pathology was treated arthroscopically before peroneal ...
Arangio George - - 2009
Adult acquired flatfoot is often associated with Achilles tendon contracture and may be associated with isolated spring ligament insufficiency without Achilles tendon contracture. We have studied the hypothesis that standing valgus hindfoot alignment moment arm is increased in adult acquired flatfoot with Achilles tendon contracture when compared to adult acquired ...
Zhao Chunfeng C Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street S.W., Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2009
Topical 5-fluorouracil has been reported to reduce adhesions in animal models of tenolysis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of topical 5-fluorouracil on adhesion formation after tendon repairs were subjected to immediate postoperative rehabilitation in a canine model in vivo. Sixty dogs were randomly assigned to ...
de Castro Pochini Alberto - - 2010
In the past 20 years, there has been an increase in the incidence of upper extremity tendinous injuries, especially in sports including strong physical activity, such as in weight lifting, as well as with the concurrent use of anabolic steroids. Today, there are more than 200 cases describing rupture of ...
Bhavsar Dhaval - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tendon healing is a complex and coordinated event involving the activation of extrinsic mechanisms as in classic reparative skin wound healing as well as intrinsic mechanisms characteristic of regenerative wound healing. Despite improvements in surgical and rehabilitative techniques, tendon adhesions remain the most frequent cause of disability following tendon ...
Reuter Iris - - 2010
Generally, outcome after surgical repair of complete Achilles tendon rupture is good. However, some patients have ongoing problems with dorsiflexion of the ankle joint. We report on eight patients, who did not achieve heel contact because of reduced ankle dorsiflexion 5 months after surgical repair of complete Achilles tendon rupture. ...
Parekh Selene G - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to document the epidemiology of Achilles tendon ruptures in the National Football League (NFL) and to quantify the impact of these injuries on player performance. A retrospective review of several online NFL player registries identified 31 Achilles tendon ruptures in NFL players between 1997 ...
Walch G - - 2009
Musculotendinous infraspinatus ruptures belong to the category of "muscle strain injuries". They differ from a classic rotator cuff tear by the following features: tendon attachment remains intact and the acute initial stage typically undergoes an intense muscular edema, replaced, 6 to 12 months later, by complete and permanent fatty infiltration ...
Hirpara K M - - 2009
Three groups of six porcine deep flexor tendons were repaired with a locking loop modified Kessler core suture using 4-0 braided polyester. Silfverskiöld repairs were performed using 6-0 monofilament nylon taking bites 2, 4 and 6 mm from the cut end of the tendon. The repairs were tested to failure ...
Maranho Daniel A C - - 2009
Most cases of congenital clubfoot treated with the Ponseti technique require percutaneous Achilles tenotomy to correct the residual equinus. Clinical evidence suggests that complete healing occurs between the cut tendon stumps, but there have not yet been any detailed studies investigating this reparative process. This study was performed to assess ...
Freeman Carl R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Few data are available regarding the results of nonoperative treatment of distal biceps ruptures. The present study was designed to assess the outcomes associated with unrepaired distal biceps tendon ruptures. METHODS: Eighteen patients with twenty unrepaired distal biceps tendon ruptures were assessed retrospectively. The median duration of follow-up was ...
Schaller P - - 2010
Lacerated flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendons in zone 1 and distal zone 2 were reconstructed in 73 consecutive cases using the motion-stable Mantero technique during a 7-year period. Sixty-five (89%) of these patients were re-examined an average of 40 (26-82) months postoperatively. According to Moiemen and Elliot (2000) assessment by ...
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