Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 921
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Oshima Tsutomu - - 2013
The usefulness of preoperative oral antibiotics for the prevention of surgical site infection in elective colorectal surgery remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the effects of oral antimicrobial prophylaxis in addition to intravenous antimicrobial prophylaxis on patients with ulcerative colitis undergoing restorative proctocolectomy. This study was a randomized, nonblinded, ...
Cherian Paul - - 2013
The optimal method of reducing the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) after dermatologic surgery is unclear. Empiric, preoperative antibiotic use is common practice but lacks supporting evidence for its efficacy in preventing SSI. Risk stratification for patients at high risk of postoperative SSI based on a nasal swab is a viable strategy ...
Daskalakis K - - 2013
The aim of this study was to review the literature regarding the use of pre- and/or postoperative antibiotics in the management of appendicitis, using data obtained from PubMed and the Cochrane Library. A literature search was conducted using the terms "appendicitis" combined with "antibiotics." Studies were selected based on relevance ...
Mazaki Takero - - 2013
Efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) after open tension-free hernia repair remains controversial. In light of additional data, the aim of this study was to determine whether antibiotic prophylaxis reduces SSI after hernia repair. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify randomized ...
Schaller Benoit - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the difference between a 5-day and a 1-day postoperative course of antibiotic on the incidence of infection after mandibular fractures involving the alveolus. Sixty-two patients with fractures of the mandible involving the dentoalveolar region were randomly assigned to 2 groups, both of ...
Torres Fernando A - - 2013
Although more than half of the cases of pneumonia in children can be due to virus, most of them receive antibiotic treatment. A previously published clinical prediction rule bacterial pneumonia score (BPS) allows the identification of children with pneumonia who do not require antibiotics, but its impact has not been ...
Bohm Eric - - 2013
There is considerable debate about whether antibiotic-loaded bone cement should be used for fixation of TKAs. While antibiotics offer the theoretical benefit of lowering early revision due to infection, they may weaken the cement and thus increase the likelihood of aseptic loosening, perhaps resulting in a higher revision rate. We ...
Gower Emily W - - 2013
Endophthalmitis is a severe inflammation of the anterior and/or posterior chambers of the eye that may be sterile or associated with infection. It is a potentially vision-threatening complication of cataract surgery. Prophylactic measures for endophthalmitis are targeted against various sources of infection. The objective of this review was to evaluate ...
James Gareth Dean Russell - - 2013
Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are a burden to patients and impose a major cost on health services. Long-term antibiotic therapy may prevent exacerbations, but at present it is not recommended by management guidelines. To identify the type and prevalence of long-term oral antibiotic treatments prescribed to patients ...
Lusardi Gail - - 2013
Urinary tract infections account for about 40% of hospital-acquired (nosocomial) infections, and about 80% of urinary tract infections acquired in hospital are associated with urinary catheters. To determine if certain antibiotic prophylaxes are better than others in terms of prevention of urinary tract infections, complications, quality of life and cost-effectiveness ...
Wijewickrama Rohan C RC St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02135, - - 2013
Postoperative infection remains a significant comorbidity of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) delayed healing, synechia formation, etc. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of postoperative infection after ESS in patients receiving conventional postoperative oral antibiotic prophylaxis versus a synthetic bioabsorbable antibiotic-soaked nasal sponge used in the middle ...
Yu Tzu-Chieh - - 2013
Introduction Postoperative antibiotics complement surgery in managing childhood-complicated appendicitis. However, there is limited evidence to guide clinicians on appropriate duration of therapy. A comparison cohort study was performed to determine whether tailoring duration of inpatient intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy to patient response, assessed using a set of clinical criteria, leads ...
Giordano Salvatore - - 2013
Background:Antibacterial lavage with topical antibiotics may reduce the occurrence of capsular contracture (CC) in breast augmentation.Objectives:The authors investigate the efficacy of povidone-iodine combined with antibiotic irrigation in reducing the CC rate.Methods:The charts of 333 consecutive women who underwent cosmetic breast augmentation during 2 different periods (group A: 2004-2009, n = ...
Ein Sigmund H - - 2013
We conducted a 3-decade clinical review of prophylaxis for wound infection and postoperative intra-abdominal abscess after open appendectomy for pediatric ruptured appendicitis. We reviewed the charts of patients with ruptured appendicitis who underwent open appendectomy performed by the same pediatric surgeon at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada, between ...
Singer Adam J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, there has been a significant increase in the number of cutaneous abscesses. While there is general agreement that abscesses should be treated with incision and drainage, it is unclear whether systemic antibiotics should be routinely prescribed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether systemic antibiotics, when compared with ...
Fay Aaron - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To investigate the necessity and usefulness of prophylactic postoperative antibiotics in patients undergoing enucleation or ocular evisceration. METHODS:: A retrospective, multicenter, comparative case series was designed. After obtaining Institutional Review Board authorization, a medical records' review was conducted. Demographics, indication for surgery, surgical technique, postoperative antibiotic dosing, and postoperative ...
Jia Xin - - 2013
Purpose : To report early and midterm outcomes after open or endovascular repair of primary mycotic aortic aneurysms treated over a 10-year period in a single center. Methods : The records of all 12 patients (10 men; 72.9 years, range 59-83) treated for primary mycotic aortic aneurysms from September 2001 ...
Vallés Jordi J Critical Care Center, Hospital Sabadell, Consorci Hospitalari Universitari Parc Taulí, CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias, Sabadell, Spain. - - 2013
Comatose patients present a high risk of early-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia (EO-VAP) for which antibiotic prophylaxis has been proposed. Comatose patients were studied to evaluate the efficacy of a single-dose of antibiotic prophylaxis at intubation against EO-VAP. A prospective cohort of comatose patients (Glasgow Coma Score ≤ 8) who were admitted ...
Pushker Neelam - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of oral corticosteroids as an anti-inflammatory adjunct in the treatment of orbital cellulitis. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative, single-masked, interventional clinical study. METHODS: setting: Tertiary eye care center (All India Institute of Medical Sciences). study population: Patients with acute onset (within 14 days) of orbital cellulitis with or ...
Assink-de Jong Evelien - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Unnecessary long-term use of broad-spectrum antibiotics is linked to the emergence and selection of resistant bacteria, prolonged hospitalisation and increased costs. Several clinical trials indicate that the biomarker procalcitonin (PCT) can guide antibiotic therapy. Some of these trials have shown a promising reduction in the number of antibiotic prescriptions, ...
Jiang H - - 2013
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important cause of nosocomial pneumonia. Compared with glycopeptide antibiotics, linezolid achieves higher lung epithelial lining fluid concentrations, which may have an advantage in treating nosocomial pneumonia patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of linezolid versus vancomycin or ...
Kumar Anil - - 2013
This study prospectively evaluates clinical course of pyogenic empyema thoracis in 25 children (2 mo to 12 y) treated with injectable antibiotics and chest tube drainage, and followed for 6 weeks. The median (range) age at presentation was 3 y (4 mo to 11 y). The pleural fluid culture was ...
Baliga Shridhar D SD Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, K.L.E.S. V.K. Institute of Dental Sciences, Nehru Nagar, Belgaum, 590010 - - 2014
The administration of pre and post-operative antibiotics for open reduction and internal fixation of facial fracture is the usual norm followed. Although the benefit of antibiotic has been established in the literature, the value of post-operative administration has been questioned and yet not extensively studied or investigated. There are rising ...
Li Jing-Song - - 2013
Comprehensive electronic medical records (EMR) have proven to be an effective tool for improving the safety and quality of healthcare. In particular, EMR has resulted in a significant reduction in antibiotic consumption and an improvement in rational antibiotic use. This study focused on evaluating the effectiveness of using a comprehensive ...
Hasan G Z - - 2013
A significant number of paediatric surgical patients undergone clean surgical procedures. Most of the paediatric surgeon use perioperative prophylactic antibiotic in this clean procedure because of undue fear of infection in their mind. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether the use of perioperative prophylactic antibiotics have an ...
Gil-Ascencio Manuel - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative pain is the main symptom and the most incapacitating one in tonsillectomy, and prescribing oral antibiotics to reduce postoperative pain is common. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 2 different prophylactic antibiotic schemes to reduce postoperative morbidity in paediatric patients undergoing ...
Cordero-Ampuero José - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria undergoing hip arthroplasty, the risk of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) and appropriateness of specific antibiotics are unclear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We determined (1) the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria; and (2) the incidence of PJI in patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria managed with or without specific antibiotics. METHODS: ...
Kanaroglou Niki - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Data on prophylactic oral antibiotics (POA) use in stented hypospadias repair is lacking. Herein we evaluate the role of POA in preventing symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTI) in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed consecutive patients (September 2009 - January 2012) undergoing stented primary/redo hypospadias repair by a ...
Mavros M N - - 2013
Surgical site infection (SSI) after pilonidal disease surgery can lead to serious complications. We systematically searched the PubMed, Scopus, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases for studies evaluating the use of antimicrobials as an adjunct to pilonidal disease surgery. We identified 12 eligible studies [nine randomized controlled trials (RCTs), three retrospective cohort studies], ...
Rajabally N M NM Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2013
The aim of this study is to report the incidence of Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) in a tertiary-care hospital in South Africa and to identify risk factors, assess patient outcomes and determine the impact of the hypervirulent strain of the organism referred to as North American pulsed-field type 1 (NAP1). ...
El-Mahallawy Hadir A - - 2013
Appropriate antibiotic selection and timing of administration for prophylaxis are crucial to reduce the likelihood of surgical site infection (SSI) after a clean contaminated cancer surgery. Our aim is to compare the use of two prophylactic antibiotic (PA) regimens as regards efficacy, timing, and cost. Two hundred patients with gastric, ...
Murphy Alexander P - - 2013
A 9-month-old baby girl presented multiple times with an erythematous, papular and pustular big toe in an otherwise healthy infant. A diagnosis of cellulitis was made and she was started on oral antibiotics, and bacterial swabs were taken. After 2 weeks of worsening appearance she was admitted for intravenous antibiotics. ...
Butikofer Scott - - 2013
We report a positive outcome of postcataract endophthalmitis caused by Enterobacter cloacae, which has previously resulted in poor outcomes in endophthalmitis. A 67-year-old man underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery. On the morning of postoperative day (POD) #1, he had significant anterior chamber inflammation without pain, hypopyon, or vitritis but then rapidly ...
Uchiyama Katsufumi K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0374, - - 2013
Antibiotic-impregnated hip cement spacers of various types and materials have been used in the treatment of periprosthetic hip infections. We developed a handmade spacer by using polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and/or α -tricalcium phosphate ( α -TCP). In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the surgical outcomes in 36 consecutive patients treated with ...
Silva T N V - - 2012
Catheter-related bacteremia (CRB) is one of the various complications related to hemodialysis (HD). As a result of this high rate of infection, the antibiotic lock technique (ALT) has been recommended to prevent CRB. However, adverse effects of ALT such as increased emergence of strains resistant to antibiotics and increased mechanical ...
Moltzahn Felix - - 2012
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: For urinary tract infection (UTI) rates the concept of a peri-interventional antibiotic prophylaxis during endoscopic JJ stent implantation is known to be better than no antibiotic coverage and is therefore recommended by the European Association of Urology. However, there ...
Lipnitzki Inna - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the influence of different intraocular lens (IOL) presoaking times in an antibiotic solution and to compare the results with intracameral antibiotic injection alone. Methods: Part A: 45 IOLs were soaked in gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, or prednisolone acetate for 10 min, 24 h, and 1 week and then placed in ...
Thevenot Thierry - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend antibiotic prophylaxis (AP) in well-selected groups of cirrhotic patients, but the impact of these recommendations has not been assessed in France. AIM: To evaluate AP prescription tendencies for gastrointestinal bleeding, and primary and secondary prophylaxis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). METHODS: Practitioners (n = 1,159) working in general hospitals ...
Nappi Luigi - - 2012
We did a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study to assess the incidence of infectious complications and the protective effect of antibiotic administration during operative hysteroscopic procedures in an office setting. A total of 1046 consecutively enrolled women with intrauterine lesions were randomly allocated to the reference group (523 patients administered with ...
Rosania Rosa - - 2012
Bacterial intestinal overgrowth syndrome (SIBO) treatment is based on antibiotics. Probiotics have been shown to give similar results, whilst no study is available about prebiotics. This study evaluated the addition of probiotics or prebiotics to antibiotics on SIBO symptoms in a 6-month follow-up. We enrolled 40 patients (14 males and ...
Hussain Muhammad Ibrar - - 2012
Objective: To determine the role of postoperative antibiotics in reducing the surgical site infections (SSIs) after open appendectomy in patients with non-perforated appendicitis (NPA). Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: The Department of Surgery, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from January 2010 ...
Henriquez Oswaldo A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To ascertain the effect of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) on lung function, intravenous (IV) antibiotic use, and hospitalization in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTINGS Tertiary care center. PATIENTS Fifteen adults with a diagnosis of CF undergoing ESS between March 1, 2006, and June 31, 2008. ...
Van Sise Melanie A - - 2012
: To estimate the effect of reference text in an electronic medical record (EMR) on the recommended use of preoperative antibiotics for cesarean deliveries. : A retrospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries at Stony Brook Hospital between May 2009 and June 2011, was performed. Reference text was added to ...
Tipler Pamela S - - 2012
PURPOSE: The Surviving Sepsis Guidelines established recommendations for early recognition and rapid treatment of patients with sepsis. Recognizing systemic difficulties that delayed the application of early goal-directed therapy, the Emergency Department and Critical Care leadership instituted a sepsis protocol to identify patients with sepsis and expedite antibiotic delivery. We aimed ...
Ghaswalla Parinaz K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several classes of drugs, such as antibiotics, may interact with warfarin to cause an increase in wafarins anticoagulant activity and the clinical relevance of warfarin-antibiotic interactions in older adults is not clear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oral antibiotics, such as amoxicillin, ...
Dulhunty Joel M - - 2013
Beta-lactam antibiotics are a commonly used treatment for severe sepsis, with intermittent bolus dosing standard therapy, despite a strong theoretical rationale for continuous administration. The aim of this trial was to determine the clinical and pharmacokinetic differences between continuous and intermittent dosing in patients with severe sepsis. This was a ...
Goeminne1 P - - 2012
ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary exacerbations in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) contribute to the burden of disease with negative impact on quality of life, cost and lung function. Our aim was to evaluate if exacerbations, defined by antibiotic use, were triggered by daily fluctuations in air pollution. METHODS: In a case-crossover analysis we ...
Jang Chul Ho - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: No study to date has assessed the anti-adhesive effect of new middle ear (ME) packing agents in. This study compared the anti-inflammatory and anti-adhesive effect of antibiotic-steroid containing packing agents in abraded mucosa of the ME inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transbullar injection of a saline suspension of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ...
Lesprit P - - 2012
This study aimed to determine the clinical course of patients and the quality of antibiotic use using a systematic and unsolicited post-prescription antibiotic review. Seven hundred and fifty-three adult patients receiving antibiotic therapy for 3-5 days were randomized to receive either a post-prescription review by the infectious disease physician (IDP), followed ...
Cabaluna Nelson D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) following specific types of breast cancer surgery remains uncertain. This study assessed the effectiveness of prophylaxis in modified radical mastectomy (MRM). METHODS: Women undergoing MRM for breast cancer were recruited. Women were excluded who had diabetes mellitus, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >