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Schütz K E KE AgResearch Ltd., Private Bag 3123, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dairy cattle managed in some pasture-based systems such as in New Zealand are predominantly kept outdoors all year around, but are often taken off pasture for periods of time in wet weather to avoid soil damage. It is common to keep cattle on concrete surfaces during such "stand-off" practices and ...
Knox R R Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana - - 2014
Effects of day of mixing sows after breeding were measured for reproduction and welfare on a commercial research farm. Sows (n = 1,436) were weaned into stalls for breeding, and groups of sows were assigned to 1) no mixing and housed in individual stalls (STL), 2) mixed on d 3 ...
Kirchner M K MK 1 Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Gregor-Mendel-Strasse 33, A-1180 Vienna, - - 2013
Consistency over time of (on-farm) animal welfare assessment systems forms part of reliability, meaning that results of the assessment should be representative of the longer-term welfare state of the farm as long as the housing and management conditions have not changed considerably. This is especially important if assessments are to ...
Igase Michiya - - 2012
Background: HMG-CoA-reductase (statin) therapy to reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in patients with coronary heart disease can substantially improve outcomes; however, the benefits of statins in stroke patients, particularly for secondary stroke prevention, remain poorly understood. Moreover, the degree of decrease in LDL-C that is required to prevent the ...
Zinellu Angelo - - 2012
The dyslipidemia control through lipid lowering therapy is one of the targets for the treatment of CKD. By this pilot study we aimed to evaluate the effect of hypolipidemic drugs on the levels of low molecular weight (LMW) thiols bound to LDL in nephropatic patients. We enrolled thirty CKD randomized ...
Toozs-Hobson Philip - - 2012
Polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAHG, Bulkamid®) is a promising urethral bulking agent. This article presents the 2-year follow-up results of a multicenter study of PAHG injections for treating stress and stress-predominant mixed urinary incontinence. Submucosal injection of PAHG was performed in 135 women with urinary incontinence, with subjective and objective assessment of ...
Zadrazil Josef - - 2012
Aims. Restoration of renal function after kidney transplantation (KT) is expected to improve oxidative stress (OS). However, little is known about the influence of calcineurin inhibitors on oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL) after KT. The aim of this study was to evaluate ox-LDLs and related markers of OS, advanced oxidation protein ...
Rifaie Osama - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the effect of alternate-day versus daily atorvastatin 10 mg, on serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and controlled serum LDL-C by daily atorvastatin. METHODS: The study was prospective, randomized, single-blinded, two-armed. Randomization was performed ...
Stender Steen - - 2012
Aims: To assess the long-term efficacy, safety and tolerability of pitavastatin (2 and 4 mg) in elderly patients (≥65 years of age) with primary hypercholesterolaemia or combined (mixed) dyslipidaemia.Design: Patients (n = 545) who had completed a 12-week double-blind comparative study (core study) of pitavastatin and pravastatin entered a 60-week, ...
Shimoda M - - 2011
Islet purification is mainly performed by the density gradient method. However, purification of the embedded islets that are surrounded by exocrine tissue should be difficult, because their density is similar to exocrine tissue. In this study, we performed chart review to assess the relationship between the ratio of embedded islets ...
Elbendary Amal M - - 2011
To compare the efficacy and safety of intravitreal diclofenac versus intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of diabetic macular edema. Thirty-two eyes with diffuse diabetic macular edema were randomly allocated to intravitreal injection of 4 mg/0.1 mL of triamcinolone (Group 1: N = 16) or 500 μg/0.1 mL of diclofenac ...
Gil Alberto Luiz - - 2011
Treatment of diffuse macular edema in diabetes mellitus is currently unsatisfactory. The purpose of this double blind randomized clinical trial was to compare the treatment of diffuse diabetic macular edema with intravitreal triamcinolone or laser in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients using a morphofunctional assessment. Fourteen patients (21 eyes) with ...
Ross Patrick A - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN.: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVE.: To determine if an infusion of bupivacaine will reduce the need for intravenous opioids following posterior spine fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is estimated to occur with a frequency of 1% to 3% among the at-risk age group of 10 to 18 ...
Wadden Thomas A - - 2011
This report provides a further analysis of the year 4 weight losses in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study and identifies factors associated with long-term success. A total of 5,145 overweight/obese men and women with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) ...
Morgan Katherine A - - 2011
In selected patients with chronic pancreatitis, extensive pancreatectomy can be effective for the treatment of intractable pain. The resultant morbid diabetes can be ameliorated with islet autotransplantation (IAT). Conventionally, islet infusion occurs intraoperatively after islet processing. A percutaneous transhepatic route in the immediate postoperative period is an alternative approach. A ...
Bashutski J D - - 2011
Vitamin D regulates calcium and immune function. While vitamin D deficiency has been associated with periodontitis, little information exists regarding its effect on wound healing and periodontal surgery outcomes. This longitudinal clinical trial assessed outcomes of periodontal surgery and teriparatide administration in vitamin-D-sufficient and -insufficient individuals. Forty individuals with severe ...
Sakai Yuji - - 2011
To examine the utility of placement of pancreatic duct spontaneous dislodgement stents for prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis in patients with difficulty in selective biliary cannulation. The incidence of pancreatitis was compared between the group with P(+) pancreatic duct spontaneous dislodgement stent placed for prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis and the group ...
Deering Shad H - - 2011
The military health care system is unique in that almost every physician deploys for ≥6 months to a combat or far-forward setting. The aim of this study was to determine the perceived changes in clinical skills in this deployed population. A survey was sent out to all specialty consultants to ...
Veiga Daniela F - - 2011
This prospective trial was designed to assess aesthetic outcomes of oncoplastic surgery. Standardized photographs were taken of 45 breast cancer patients undergoing oncoplastic surgery, preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively (oncoplastic group), and of 45 patients treated by conservative surgery without breast reconstruction (control group). Photographs were assessed by ...
Donadío Martín - - 2011
RATIONALE: Epilepsy surgery procedures started in Argentina more than 50 years ago. This is the first comprehensive and systematic survey of epilepsy surgery long-term outcome from our country. METHODS: A descriptive cohort study was conducted between 1998 and 2008 for drug-resistant epilepsy surgery with a minimum of 12 months follow-up ...
Jin Longxue - - 2011
To compare the outcome of surgical treatment of colorectal adenocarcinoma in elderly and younger patients. The outcomes of 122 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical treatment between January 2004 and June 2009 were analyzed. The clinicopathological and blood biochemistry data of the younger group (< 75 years) and the ...
Said Sinan - - 2011
PURPOSE: Clinical outcome following surgical treatment and intensive physiotherapy was evaluated in patients with arthrofibrosis as a complication to varying knee-ligament reconstructions. METHODS: From 2003 to 2007, 31 patients underwent surgery for arthrofibrosis as a postoperative complication following knee-ligament reconstruction. Treatment for reduced range of motion consisted of forced manipulation ...
Sinikallio Sanna - - 2011
In a prospective observational study (N = 97) we examined the changes in the SOC score after a surgical intervention for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and the factors associated with low and high SOC scores. Logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the predictors for the lowest SOC tertile. The ...
Canaud Ludovic - - 2011
The study objective was to compare the outcome between open and endovascular repair of acute traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta. Seventy-five patients (mean age 38.6 ± 10.7 years) with an acute traumatic aortic rupture were referred to the Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital between January 1990 and January 2010. Between ...
Iwao Keiichiro - - 2011
To evaluate the surgical outcomes of trabeculotomy for steroid-induced glaucoma. Multicenter, retrospective cohort study. At 17 Japanese clinical centers, 121 steroid-induced glaucoma patients who underwent trabeculotomy between 1997 and 2006 were reviewed. Surgical failure was defined by the need for additional glaucoma surgery, deterioration of visual acuity to no light ...
Gravante Gianpiero - - 2011
The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block acts on the nerves localised in the anterior abdominal wall muscles. We evaluated the efficacy on post-bariatric (PB) patients undergoing body-contouring abdominoplasty. We retrospectively evaluated PB patients undergoing abdominoplasty with flank liposuction and compared results to a matched group of TAP aesthetic patients. Outcomes ...
Ozlen Fatma - - 2011
The authors present their experience in the surgical treatment of metopic synostosis by orbital bandeau remodeling and frontal bone rotation. The pitfalls and advantages of the surgical technique are discussed, along with the long-term clinical results in 48 consecutive cases. Forty-eight consecutive patients in whom trigonocephaly was diagnosed between 1990 ...
Cozzani Mauro - - 2011
A 23-year-old woman with a skeletal Class III relationship, a normal vertical jaw relationship, and missing maxillary lateral incisors was treated with bidimensional fixed edgewise appliance therapy combined with orthognathic surgery. A functional and esthetic occlusion in an improved facial profile was established at the end of the surgical and ...
Choxi Ankeet A - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The most common presenting symptom for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is headache (HA). However, most experts believe that UIAs associated with HAs are unrelated and incidental. OBJECTIVE:: To analyze the incidence and characterization of HAs in patients with UIAs before and after treatment with either surgical clipping or endovascular ...
Seruya Mitchel - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The purpose of this study was to critically assess long-term outcomes after open reconstruction of craniosynostosis within the recent decade. METHODS:: The authors performed a retrospective, IRB-approved review of open repair for craniosynostosis between 1997-2009. Surgical factors, complications, and long-term outcomes were assessed. Pearson chi-square, Fisher exact, and Kaplan-Meier ...
Basdekidou Chrysanthi - - 2011
Purpose. To evaluate the surgical outcomes and visual results after penetrating keratoplasty for congenital unilateral corneal opacities in Peters anomaly. Methods. This was a retrospective study of 14 children who underwent keratoplasty for a unilateral Peters anomaly between 1999 and 2009. All patients received a topical treatment of cyclosporine and ...
Siddiqui M A - - 2011
Introduction: Open surgical release remains the gold standard for treatment of recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). We aimed to evaluate the potential impact of perioperative factors on outcome after open surgical release for tennis elbow. Methods: All patients without elbow dislocation who underwent open surgical release for tennis elbow from ...
Brancati Marta Francesca - - 2011
Optimal management of patients needing non-cardiac surgery after coronary stenting has not been established. Objective. To assess the perioperative outcome of patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery after coronary bare-metal stent (BMS) or drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. We enrolled consecutive patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (up to 2008) after coronary stenting in a ...
Beck Allen D - - 2011
To evaluate the outcomes of 360-degree suture trabeculotomy in childhood glaucoma with poor prognosis. A nonrandomized, retrospective chart review was performed on pediatric patients (younger than 18 years of age) treated with a 360-degree suture trabeculotomy for glaucoma. The cases were categorized into the following groups: (1) primary congenital glaucoma ...
Traina Francesco - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement in developmental dysplasia of the hip is a demanding procedure and usually requires dedicated devices and special surgical techniques. Nevertheless, the described techniques have shown variable outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the 11-year outcomes of an off-the-shelf modular neck prosthesis in dysplastic ...
Gartner Robyn D - - 2011
Sonography has been used to predict pneumatic reduction outcome in children with intussusception. To assess the prognostic significance of fluid between the intussusceptum and intussuscepiens with respect to reduction outcome, lead point or necrosis. Sonograms of children with a discharge diagnosis of intussusception from four institutions were reviewed for interloop ...
Lleberia Judith - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aims of this study are to study the surgical outcomes in patients with stress-predominant mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) treated with tension-free vaginal tape, and to evaluate the effect of concomitant anterior colpoplasty. METHODS: A total of 134 women with MUI clinical and urodynamic were assessed at ...
Marchac Alexandre - - 2011
: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP), a benign infantile condition, is often thought to improve spontaneously but can in fact lead to permanent skull asymmetry if left untreated. Deformational plagiocephaly can be completely corrected by nonsurgical treatments if recognized in the first year of life. Nevertheless, efficacy of these treatments drastically diminishes ...
Jakobsone Gundega - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term skeletal and occlusal stability after bimaxillary surgery to correct skeletal Class III malocclusion. The sample comprised 81 consecutively treated patients. All subjects had received a combined 1-piece LeFort I and bilateral sagittal split ostotomies with rigid fixation between 1990 and 2003 ...
Shock Ryan P - - 2011
Treatment of ankle varus with total ankle replacement (TAR) lacks consensus regarding the limits of deformity that can be managed successfully without recurrence. With newer anatomic prosthetic designs and a comprehensive surgical approach, treatment of frontal plane deformities with implant arthroplasty has gained acceptance. The purpose of this retrospective study ...
Kandasamy Jothy - - 2011
: Surgical techniques for the treatment of scaphocephaly continue to evolve; however, there is still no accepted criterion standard. Until recently, the Alder Hey supraregional craniofacial department's experience was principally with combined wide-vertex suturectomy and biparietal barrel stave osteotomies. : To determine whether the technique of wide-vertex suturectomy and biparietal ...
Gurgel Sanderland T - - 2010
Background: Surgical patients with limited organic reserve are considered high-risk patients and have an increased perioperative mortality. For this reason, they need a more rigorous perioperative protocol of hemodynamic control to prevent tissue hypoperfusion. In this study, we systematically reviewed the randomized controlled clinical trials that used a hemodynamic protocol ...
Candido Kenneth D - - 2010
Results from previous studies have shown favorable effects from the addition of buprenorphine to local anesthetics used for interscalene or axillary perivascular brachial plexus blocks. The main objective of the current study was to determine whether addition of buprenorphine could enhance bupivacaine analgesia after infragluteal sciatic nerve block. One hundred ...
Levinger Pazit - - 2011
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of disability and a risk factor for falls in older people. The purpose of this study was to assess the falls risk of people with knee OA before surgery and at 4 months following surgery and to compare this to a control group. Thirty-five ...
Nibali Luigi - - 2011
The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the clinical and radiographic response of infrabony defects following non-surgical therapy and to detect the factors associated with such a response. Clinical and radiographic data were retrieved from 143 consecutive patients treated with non-surgical periodontal therapy and re-assessed by the same ...
Gokten Ozgur Elvan - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of intraoperative local anesthetic infiltration in combination with intravenous paracetamol infusion on postoperative pain management in patients who underwent percutaneus nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Patients and Methods: Sixty adult patients were randomized into three groups with 20 cases in each: Group SP, 20 mL saline was infiltrated ...
McNaught A - - 2011
Previous studies have demonstrated that lower local anaesthetic (LA) volumes can be used for ultrasound (US)-guided interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB). However, no study has examined whether US can reduce the volume required when compared with nerve stimulation (NS) for ISB. Our aim was to do this by comparing the ...
Zaric D - - 2010
Moderate to severe pain after hallux valgus repair can be successfully treated with a continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block in ambulatory patients. Different anesthesiologists use various infusion rates for this purpose. The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of two infusion rates of ropivacaine 2 mg/ml: ...
Wang Hai-Jun - - 2010
The deltoid contracture is an uncommon disorder. Long-standing contracture produces winged scapula, abduction and extension contracture of the shoulder. Surgical release has been considered the treatment of choice. However, the method of approach has not been well defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of arthroscopic ...
Aveline Christophe - - 2010
Neurostimulation is commonly used to perform femoral nerve block. Ultrasound can be used to identify nerve structures and guide needle placement. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative analgesic efficiency when femoral nerve catheters were sited using ultrasound (in-plane approach) combined with neurostimulation or neurostimulation alone, for total ...
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