Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1571
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Daemon Erik - - 2009
The present work was aimed at evaluating the in vitro efficacy of thymol on engorged and unengorged larvae of Rhipicephalus sanguineus. In order to perform the study, unengorged larvae were interleaved on filter paper (2 x 2 cm) recently sprayed with thymol in the following concentrations: 0.25%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, ...
Bourolias Constantinos - - 2010
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lidocaine spray 10%, compared with tetracaine 2% solution, as a local anesthetic for patients undergoing transnasal fiber-optic laryngoscopy. METHOD OF STUDY: A prospective study was conducted on patients undergoing transnasal fiber-optic laryngoscopy. Microsurgical sponges were applied ...
Garutti Ignacio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) is a regional block technique increasingly used for the early management of post-thoracotomy pain. We compare three different postoperative analgesic approaches based on TPVB: anesthetist, anesthetist plus surgeon, and surgeon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We randomized 54 patients undergoing elective thoracotomy to three different postoperative analgesia ...
Ather M Hammad - - 2009
PURPOSE: Optical urethrotomy is generally performed with the patient under general or major regional anesthesia. We determined the safety and efficacy of optical urethrotomy using a spongiosum block with sedation for anterior urethral stricture in a comparative, nonrandomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 32 patients with anterior urethral stricture optical ...
Mohamed Sherif K - - 2009
Tonsillectomy is one of the most frequently performed ambulatory surgical procedures in children (Litman et al. in Anesth Analg 78:478-481, 1994). Several techniques have been described for alleviation of pain (Ginstrom et al. in Acta Otolaryngol 125:972-975, 2005). the objective of this study determination of the postoperative analgesic efficacy of ...
Friedman Deborah M - - 2009
We evaluated the efficacy of dexamethasone (DEX) in anti-SSA/Ro-exposed fetuses newly diagnosed with congenital heart block. Previous use of DEX has been anecdotal with varying reports of therapeutic benefit. This was a multicenter, open-label, nonrandomized study involving 30 pregnancies treated with DEX (22 with third-degree block, 6 with second-degree block, ...
Grosso Paolo - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The management of Prostate cancer (PC), since PSA testing has been introduced in the clinical practice, has been significantly spoiled by a "leading-time bias" effect. As a consequence, this has brought to a dramatic diagnosis anticipation at the 4th-5th decade of life in sexually active and otherwise asymptomatic men. ...
Shrestha A B - - 2009
Subarachnoid block is the most convenient and safe anaesthesia during caesarean section. But there are incidences where subarachnoid block does not work and other methods of anaesthesia have to be employed. This study was done in 2039 female patients who underwent caesarean Section at Paropakar Maternity and Women's Hospital, Thapathali, ...
Yoo Gyeong-Hee - - 2009
Rheumatic fever is an acute inflammatory sequela following a group A, beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection. Rheumatic fever is characterized by polyarthritis, carditis, chorea, subcutaneous nodules, and erythema marginatum as the major diagnostic criteria. Rarely, advanced heart block may also occur. A 13-year-old boy was admitted to the Pediatric Department for evaluation ...
Subwongcharoen Somboon - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Totally extraperitoneal (TEP) laparoscopic inguinal hernioplasty procedure is significantly less painful than open repair, but it is not completely painless. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of extraperitoneal infusion of 0.25% levobupivacaine, 0.25% bupivacaine, and placebo in patients undergoing TEP procedure in terms of pain ...
Oh Joo Han - - 2009
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a continuous interscalene block (CISB) by comparing it with that of a single interscalene block combined with a continuous intra-bursal infusion of ropivacaine (ISB-IB) after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Patients who had undergone CISB (CISB group; n = 25) were compared with those who ...
Collins Mark S - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to review the use of epinephrine in the management of contrast reactions and to evaluate the appropriateness of the clinical indication, side effects and complications, and outcome. Severe contrast reactions necessitating treatment with epinephrine are rare. The most common clinical indication is laryngeal edema. ...
Abo El Enin Mostafa Abdel Hamid - - 2009
Forty patients ASA I, II undergoing vitrectomy due to vitreous hemorrhage not associated with retinal detachment were divided into two groups randomly, each of them with 20 patients. In Control group patients received local anaesthetic only, while Fentanyl group receive 20 mcg fentanyl added to local anaesthetic, the onset and ...
Fidan, Hüseyin
Aim: Unilateral spinal anaesthesia permits early recovery and short ambulatory stay. Our study aimed to search if meperidine may prolong sensory block time when added to hyperbaric bupivacaine. Methods: This is a prospective, double blinded study: Ambulatory, 46 consenting patients aged 18-60 years, undergoing unilateral knee arthroscopy were randomized in ...
Mercan Arzu - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on heart rate HR fall with the injection of the initial drug in caudal space to confirm the correct needle placement. METHODS: After the ethical approval was obtained from the hospital's ethics committee, a prospective, randomized, clinical study was designed in Yeditepe ...
Marino Joseph - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Continuous femoral or lumbar plexus blocks have been demonstrated to provide effective postoperative analgesia of the lower extremity following total joint arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare these two techniques when used with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia and the use of patient-controlled analgesia alone for postoperative pain ...
McCarthy Colleen M - - 2009
Breast augmentation is the most common cosmetic surgery procedure performed in the United States. The optimal approach to postoperative pain management in these patients, however, has yet to be determined. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of pocket irrigation with bupivacaine and ketorolac in reducing pain, ...
Sendasgupta Chaitali - - 2009
Surgery and anaesthesia are known to cause stress response. Attenuation of stress response can decrease morbidity, postoperative hospital length of stay and, thus, cost. Intrathecal and epidural techniques produce reliable analgesia in patients undergoing surgery along with stress response attenuation. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of ...
Imbelloni Luiz Eduardo - - 2009
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: In major orthopedic surgery of the lower limbs, continuous spinal anesthesia (CSA) and combined spinal epidural anesthesia (CSE) are safe and reliable anesthesia methods. In this prospective randomized clinical study, the blockading properties and side effects of CSA were compared with single interspace CSE, among patients scheduled ...
Maniglia-Ferreira Cláudio - - 2009
This study compared three anesthetics widely used in endodontics and analyzed the following variables: amount necessary to achieve adequate anesthesia; anesthetic efficacy, defined as no sensation during endodontic treatment; anesthetic duration; and cost-benefit. Sixty patients diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis of a mandibular molar were selected at the Dental Emergency Center ...
GaszyƄski Tomasz - - 2009
Postoperative residual curarisation (PORC) is a serious and underestimated problem and may occur even after relaxation with medium-acting non-depolarising agents. One hundred adult patients, scheduled for elective surgical procedures, were enrolled in the study. Atracurium or cis-atracurium was used for relaxation. Neostigmine was administered for reversal at the end of ...
Karpel Ewa - - 2009
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of unilateral spinal anaesthesia and to compare this technique to the commonly used bilateral technique in a prospective, controlled, randomized study. Fifty-four ASA I-III adult patients, of both sexes, aged 18-75 years, and scheduled for elective unilateral surgery, ...
Page Michael A - - 2009
To review the current literature on safety, efficacy, and measures of surgeon and patient satisfaction with lidocaine hydrochloride gel as a tool for ocular anesthesia. Pubmed search using keywords "lidocaine gel," "ophthalmic," and "surgery" and compiling cross-references. Twenty-six total references were reviewed, including 15 prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs, total ...
Zaric Dusanka - - 2009
Spinal anaesthesia has been in use since 1898. During the last decade there has been an increase in the number of reports implicating lidocaine as a possible cause of temporary and permanent neurologic complications after spinal anaesthesia. Follow up of patients who received uncomplicated spinal anaesthesia revealed that some of ...
Ilfeld Brian M - - 2009
It remains unclear whether local anesthetic concentration or total drug dose is the primary determinant of continuous peripheral nerve block effects. The only previous investigation, involving continuous popliteal-sciatic nerve blocks, specifically addressing this issue reported that insensate limbs were far more common with higher volumes of relatively dilute ropivacaine compared ...
Hendriks M P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Both prilocaine and articaine are short-acting local anaesthetics suited for spinal anaesthesia for day-case knee arthroscopy. Articaine is thought to have a faster onset and shorter duration of action than prilocaine, although no comparative study has been published in the anaesthetic literature. METHODS: In this prospective randomized double-blind study, ...
Andersen Lasse Ø - - 2008
BACKGROUND: High-volume local infiltration analgesia with additional intraarticular and wound administration of local anesthetic has been shown to be effective after knee replacement, but the optimum site of administration of the local anesthetic (i.e. intraarticular or extraarticular) has not been evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 32 patients undergoing total knee replacement ...
Anannamcharoen Sahaphol - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare analgesic effectiveness, postoperative pain, complications, and patients' satisfaction between two randomly allocated groups--one group that had local perianal nerve block and another group that had spinal block following closed hemorrhoidectomy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Sixty-seven patients underwent elective hemorrhoidectomy. Of these, 33 were randomly allocated to receive spinal ...
Yilmaz Yavuz Fuat - - 2008
The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of levo-bupivacaine, a long-acting local anesthetic and lidocaine in postoperative analgesia following septoplasty. 112 patients randomized into two groups were included in the study. 56 patients were operated using levo-bupivacaine and 56 using lidocaine as the local anesthetic. All patients ...
Hafizoglu Meltem Cakmak - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We evaluated in which anatomic layer (above the fascia [AF] or below the fascia [BF]) wound infusion of bupivacaine has the best effect on postoperative pain after abdominal hysterectomy. METHODS: Sixty-two ASA physical status I and II patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy were enrolled into this ...
Cuvas O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study tested the hypothesis that 0.5% levobupivacaine might be a good alternative to 0.5% plain bupivacaine for local spinal anesthesia during transurethral resection (TUR) operations. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded study was conducted on 50 male ASA I-III patients aged >60 years who were scheduled for elective transurethral ...
Arikan Osman Kursat - - 2008
To compare the efficacy and safety of preincisional high-dose ropivacaine with bupivacaine in relieving posttonsillectomy pain. A prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. University hospital. Before the incision, 58 subjects were randomly assigned to receive 10 mL of 10 mg/mL ropivacaine hydrochloride with epinephrine (n=19, group 1), 10 mL ...
Carney John - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy suffer significant postoperative pain. The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a recently described approach to providing analgesia to the anterior abdominal wall. We evaluated the analgesic efficacy of the TAP block in patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy via a transverse lower abdominal wall ...
De Sisti Antonio - - 2008
AIMS: The study aimed at evaluating the long-term effects of transient atrioventricular (AV) block on clinical outcomes during atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT) cryoablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 150 consecutive patients (39 +/- 14 years, ineffective anti-arrhythmic drugs 1.9 +/- 1.3), slow-pathway cryoablation for AVNRT was performed. A 7 Fr ...
Lauwick Severine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lidocaine has been shown to inhibit neural conduction and to have anti-inflammatory properties. The purpose of this study was to determine whether intraoperative lidocaine infusion reduces opioid consumption in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). METHODS: Fifty patients were enrolled in this prospective, randomized and observer-blinded study. At induction of ...
Gerjy R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess the feasibility of performing stapled haemorrhoidopexy under local anaesthesia. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with haemorrhoid prolapse were randomized to receive local or general anaesthesia. The perianal block was applied immediately peripheral to the external sphincter. Submucosal block was added after applying the purse-string suture. Patients ...
Le Linda T - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is currently unknown if the primary determinant of continuous peripheral nerve block effects is simply total drug dose, or whether local anesthetic concentration and/or volume have an influence. We therefore tested the null hypothesis that providing ropivacaine at different concentrations and rates--but at an equal total ...
Laiq Nasreen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the onset, duration and postoperative pain scores of supraclavicular block with bupivacaine alone and bupivacaine-midazolam combination. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Postgraduate Medical Institute, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, from April 2005 to June 2007. METHODOLOGY: A randomized controlled clinical trial ...
Matava Matthew J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Femoral nerve blockade has been purported to be an effective regional anesthetic in patients undergoing various procedures to lower extremities. HYPOTHESIS: Femoral nerve blockade will provide improved postoperative pain control over a local anesthetic in the knee joint alone in patients undergoing endoscopic patellar tendon anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ...
Rivera Jesse J - - 2008
Research indicates that using a combination of ketorolac and lidocaine in the administration of a Bier block results in significant postoperative analgesia and decreased inflammation; however, the optimal dose of ketorolac to coadminister with the local anesthetic has not been established. This study was performed to determine if a 20-mg ...
Polenceusz Wojciech - - 2008
Intraarticular injection of neostigmine has been reported to create long-lasting analgesia due to the blockade of muscarinic receptors and neuronociceptive transmitters. The aim of the study was to determine if similar effects could be achieved after adding neostigmine to bupivacaine during infiltration of the surgical area before inguinal hernia surgery. ...
Salvaggio Ilaria - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study is to verify the efficacy of stellate ganglion block (SGB) in the treatment of facial pain that can be found in different pathological syndromes, and also to examine whether the efficacy is dependent upon when this therapy is administered. PATIENTS: Fifty patients (divided ...
Jankovic R J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The inability to provide effective postoperative analgesia is one of the major disadvantages of intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA). We designed a prospective, randomized, double blind study to evaluate the analgesic effectiveness of adding both ketorolac and dexamethasone to lidocaine for IVRA. METHODS: The study involved 45 patients undergoing ambulatory ...
Saringcarinkul Ananchanok - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Determine the effect of scalp infiltration on postoperative craniotomy pain with 0.5% bupivacaine with adrenaline 1:400,000. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective randomized double blind control trial was conducted on 50 patients (18-65 years), who were ASA physical status I to III, and scheduled for elective intracranial surgery at Maharaj ...
Mowafi Hany A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Melatonin has anxiolytic and potential analgesic effects. We assessed the efficacy of melatonin premedication in reducing tourniquet-related pain and improving analgesia in patients receiving IV regional anesthesia (IVRA). METHODS: Forty patients undergoing elective hand surgery under IVRA were randomly assigned into two groups (20 patients each) to receive either ...
Taboada Manuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We designed the present, prospective, randomized, double-blind study to compare the administration of an automated intermittent bolus dose with a conventional technique of continuous infusion of local anesthetic for postoperative analgesia in continuous popliteal sciatic nerve blockade. METHODS: Forty-four patients undergoing hallux valgus repair were randomly assigned to receive ...
Camilleri Michael - - 2009
A laparoscopically implantable electrical device that intermittently blocks both vagi near the esophagogastric junction led to significant excess weight loss (EWL) in an initial clinical trial in obese patients. The study objective was to optimize therapy algorithms and determine the EWL achieved with a second-generation device at university hospitals in ...
Luck J F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical effects of 'hyperbaric' bupivacaine for spinal anaesthesia with those of similar preparations of levobupivacaine and ropivacaine. METHODS: Sixty ASA grade I-II patients undergoing elective surgery under spinal anaesthesia were randomized to receive 3 ml of bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, or ropivacaine, ...
Wang Shen-Chih - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported the comparable efficacy of ropivacaine/fentanyl for patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA). In our hospital, three different concentrations of ropivacaine solution (0.1%, 0.15%, 0.2%) in combination with 1 microg/mL fentanyl were available for PCEA. As some studies have reported a much higher incidence of motor block and ...
Gurbet A - - 2008
This study investigated whether the addition of 25 microg fentanyl to an ultra-low (sub-anaesthetic) dose of intrathecal bupivacaine provides adequate anaesthesia for out-patient anorectal surgery, without increasing side-effects or delaying hospital discharge. Patients were randomly allocated to receive 2.5 mg 0.5% bupivacaine plus 25 microg fentanyl (group BF, n = ...
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