Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1573
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Farouk Sherif - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ondansetron when added to lidocaine for intravenous regional anaesthesia (IVRA). METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing hand surgery were randomly assigned to two groups. IVRA was achieved with 3 mg kg lidocaine 2% w/v diluted with saline to ...
McKay Allannah - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In this randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial, we evaluated whether systemic lidocaine would reduce pain and time to discharge in ambulatory surgery patients. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients were enrolled to receive lidocaine or saline infusion perioperatively. RESULTS: Length of postanesthesia care unit (PACU) stay did not differ between groups. Intraoperative opioid ...
Wu Nan - - 2010
Intracostal suture or intercostal muscle flap can reduce post-thoracotomy pain through the preservation of intercostal nerves below or above the incision. This study aims to test whether combining intracostal suture with intercostal muscle flap might achieve better pain relief than intracostal suture alone. This study included 144 consecutive patients who ...
Suh Young-Jin - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic efficacy of bilateral superficial cervical plexus block and combined superficial and deep cervical plexus block for incision pain, headache and posterior neck pain after thyroidectomy. METHOD: Ninety patients were divided into a control group (group C, n = 30), a bilateral superficial cervical ...
Kumar S - - 2009
To find the effect of pre-peritoneal instillation of bupivacaine on 'dissectalgia' (pain over a wide area corresponding to the area of pre-peritoneal dissection) and return to work following totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair for groin hernia in labor-active males. Fifty-three consecutive ASA grade I adult males undergoing TEP for groin hernia ...
Akcaboy E Y - - 2009
AIM: Inguinal herniorrhaphy (IH) is a common surgical procedure that can be successfully performed by using general, regional or local anesthesia and is usually performed in an outpatient setting. In this study, recovery profile, incidence of adverse effects, postoperative pain scores and patient satisfaction between paravertebral block (PVB) and spinal ...
Modi Mancy - - 2009
PURPOSE: The demonstration that opioid receptors exist in the peripheral nervous system offers the possibility of providing postoperative analgesia in the ambulatory surgical patient. Over the previous decade, many investigators have studied this approach and have compared the efficacy of various opioids added to the local anesthetic near the brachial ...
Rhee Kyoung-Suk - - 2009
Local wide split double potentials are used as a parameter to determine complete conduction block during cavotricuspid isthmus ablation in patients with isthmus dependent atrial flutter. However, delayed slow conduction in that region can sometimes be very difficult to differentiate from complete block. Flutter cycle length (FCL) can be used ...
Kamath Manjunath R - - 2009
Greater palatine nerve block anaesthetizes posterior portions of the hard palate and its overlying soft tissues. This study compared the efficacy, safety, and ease of the nerve block for cleft palate surgeries in children with i.v. pethidine for postoperative pain management. A prospective, double blind, randomized trial, enrolled 50 children ...
Schenck M - - 2010
PURPOSE: In male patients the pudendal block has been applied only in rare cases as a therapy for neuralgia of the pudendal nerve. Up to now there is no comparison of pudendal block with an anaesthesia form close to the spinal cord. In this pilot study the bilateral perineal infiltration ...
Sen H - - 2010
AIM: The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy of hyperbaric and isobaric solutions of intrathecal levobupivacaine for transurethral endoscopic surgery. METHODS: Urological patients who were scheduled for elective surgery under spinal anesthesia were enrolled. The heavy group received 13.5 mg of hyperbaric levobupivacaine, while the plain group ...
Sen H - - 2009
AIM: The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy of hyperbaric and isobaric solutions of intrathecal levobupivacaine for transurethral endoscopic surgery. METHODS: Urological patients who were scheduled for elective surgery under spinal anesthesia were enrolled. The heavy group received 13.5 mg of hyperbaric levobupivacaine, while the plain group ...
Celik M - - 2009
AIM: Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is frequently used in patients who will undergo upper extremity surgical operations for its ease of use, rapid effectiveness and short hospitalization period. Different drug combinations have been used to overcome some systemic adverse effects and to increase the postoperative analgesic effectiveness. In our study, ...
Cesur M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although various local anesthesia techniques have been suggested to decrease pain and discomfort during a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy, the best method has not yet been defined. The present prospective, double-blind, randomized study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy of 'walking' caudal block compared with an intrarectal lidocaine ...
Habu Manabu - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical significance of dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) sialographic images in prognostic evaluation of saline solution irrigation of the parotid gland for the treatment of xerostomia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphologic findings and functional parameters were evaluated by use of dynamic MR sialography before saline solution irrigation of ...
Gudaityte Jurate - - 2009
To produce selective spinal anesthesia for adult anorectal surgery. Double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial. Operating room and postoperative recovery area. 152 adult, consecutive ASA physical status I, II, and III patients. After patients underwent dural puncture in the sitting position at L3-L4 or L4-L5, 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine was injected over two ...
de Santiago Jesus - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lidocaine selective spinal anesthesia has been effective for short-duration gynecological outpatient laparoscopy. We compared the intraoperative effectiveness, anesthetic recovery times, and patient satisfaction after levobupivacaine-fentanyl versus lidocaine-fentanyl spinal anesthesia during short-duration gynecological laparoscopy. METHODS: In this double-blind study, 52 healthy women scheduled to undergo tubal sterilization were randomly assigned ...
Nishioka Kazuya - - 2009
Vertebroplasty with hydroxyapatite blocks through a modified percutaneous approach was used to treat 30 patients with vertebral body fractures in 32 vertebral bodies between February 2003 and March 2007. The mean follow-up period was 16.6 months. The pain associated with this procedure, effects on adjacent vertebral bodies, and other complications ...
Brull Richard - - 2009
PURPOSE: The success rate for infraclavicular brachial plexus block using nerve stimulation reportedly ranges from 60 to 80%. Ultrasound guidance may be associated with greater success. This study compared ultrasound guided infraclavicular block with a dual motor endpoint nerve stimulation technique. METHODS: One hundred three hand surgery patients were randomized ...
Movafegh Ali - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind study, we evaluated the effect of an ultra-low dose of naloxone added to lidocaine and fentanyl mixture on the onset and duration of axillary brachial plexus block. METHODS: One hundred twelve patients scheduled for elective forearm surgery under axillary brachial plexus block were randomly ...
Ben-Ari Alon - - 2009
We describe an ultrasound-guided technique of continuous bilateral paravertebral block using an intercostal approach in 12 patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery. Postoperatively, each of the patient's paravertebral catheters was bolused with 10 mL lidocaine (15 mg/mL), and each of the patient's catheters was infused with 0.2% ropivacaine at 10 mL/h. ...
Pala Yasar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristic profiles of 2 hypobaric spinal anesthetic solutions for selective spinal anesthesia in inguinal herniorrhaphy. METHODS: The study took place in the general surgery room of Anesthesia Department, Ankara Numune Research and Training Hospital between May and July 2005 as a prospective, randomized and double-blind trial. ...
Laiq Nasreen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of caudal bupivacaine and bupivacaine-tramadol for postoperative analgesia in children undergoing hypospadias surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Postgraduate Medical Institute, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, from February 2006 to August 2007. METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted on 60 male ...
Paraskeva Anteia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We investigated a possible effect of ondansetron on the duration of sensory and motor block produced by ropivacaine. METHODS: Fifty male patients undergoing transurethral surgery received either 8 mg oral ondansetron the evening before surgery plus IV 8 mg ondansetron 15 min before subarachnoid anesthesia or placebo. All patients ...
Costello Joseph F - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been shown to provide analgesia for lower abdominal wall incisions. We evaluated the efficacy of the TAP block for post-cesarean delivery (CD) patients used as a part of a multimodal regimen. METHODS: Women undergoing elective CD under spinal anesthesia were ...
Reeves M - - 2009
Intra-articular infusion of local anaesthetic after joint arthroplasty is attractive in that it is simple and will not cause motor block. However the efficacy of the technique has yet to be established. We enrolled 66 patients scheduled for unilateral total knee arthroplasty under general anaesthesia and single-shot femoral and sciatic ...
Danelli Giorgio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that ultrasound (US) guidance may reduce the minimum effective anesthetic volume (MEAV(50)) of 1.5% mepivacaine required to block the sciatic nerve with a subgluteal approach compared with neurostimulation (NS). METHODS: After premedication and single-injection femoral nerve block, 60 patients undergoing knee arthroscopy were randomly allocated ...
Liu Fu-Chao - - 2009
Administration of local anesthetics at body temperature has been reported to shorten the onset time of regional block; however, studies examining the effects of warmed lidocaine on the onset of epidural anesthesia are limited. Here, we ascertain whether warming lidocaine solution to body temperature shortens the time to onset of ...
Renes Steven H SH Department of Anesthesiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. - - 2009
Supraclavicular brachial plexus block is associated with 50% to 67% incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paresis as a result of phrenic nerve block. We examined whether ultrasound-guided compared with nerve stimulation supraclavicular brachial plexus block using 0.75% ropivacaine results in a lower incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paresis. In a prospective randomized observer-blinded controlled ...
Gozdemir M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transient neurological symptoms (TNS) after spinal anaesthesia have been reported most commonly in association with lidocaine, but have been observed with other local anaesthetics. The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to investigate the incidence of TNS after spinal anaesthesia with either levobupivacaine or lidocaine. METHODS: Patients ...
Kargi Eksal - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare the local anesthetic effects of tramadol hydrochloride with prilocaine for circumcision procedure. METHODS: This study included 40 patients with American Surgical Association-I scores. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either 5% tramadol (2 mg/kg) plus adrenaline (0.0125/mL) (group 1, n = 20) or 2% prilocaine plus adrenaline ...
O'Donnell Dermot - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The foremost limitation of local anesthetic solutions for spinal anesthesia in the outpatient setting is prolonged motor blockade and delayed ambulation. The purpose of this study was to determine if the addition of intrathecal fentanyl to low-dose spinal mepivacaine provides adequate anesthesia with shorter duration of functional motor blockade ...
Mortazavi M T - - 2009
This study was performed to compare the transarterial (T) and paraarterial (P) approaches for brachial plexus block, in terms of success rate, onset time and duration of analgesia and complications. Hundred patients scheduled for elbow, arm or hand surgery at Tabriz Shohada hospital from October 2005 to December 2006, randomly ...
Alper I?ik - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the effects of intraperitoneal administration of levobupivacaine on pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: In all patients, infiltration of levobupivacaine 0.25% (15 mL) was used prior to skin incisions for trocar insertion. After pneumoperitoneum was achieved, patients were allocated ...
Moshaver Ali - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the hemodynamic and hemostatic effects of 2 different concentrations of epinephrine in local anesthetic used during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Injection of local anesthetic containing epinephrine during endoscopic sinus surgery, while providing hemostasis, has been associated with cardiac adverse effects such as tachycardia, hypertension, as well ...
Sen Huseyin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated the effect of paracetamol on sensory and motor block onset time, tourniquet pain, and postoperative analgesia, when added to lidocaine in IV regional anesthesia (IVRA). METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing hand surgery were randomly and blindly divided into three groups. All groups received IVRA lidocaine ...
Failey Colin L CL University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, - - 2009
Bupivacaine anesthetic is commonly used as a wetting solution additive in tumescent liposuction, but its routine use remains controversial because of a lack of evidence in the current literature. In accordance with local institutional review board regulations, a retrospective chart review was conducted of liposuction cases performed from 1997 to ...
Asik Ibrahim - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the anesthetic effects of two different concentrations and doses of ropivacaine (0.2% and 0.25%) with those of a conventional dose of lidocaine 0.5%. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, clinical investigation. SETTING: Large metropolitan university hospital. PATIENTS: 66 adult ASA physical status I and II patients undergoing forearm ...
Renes Steven H - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interscalene brachial plexus block is associated with 100% incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paresis as a result of phrenic nerve block. We examined whether an ultrasound (US)-guided interscalene brachial plexus block performed at the level of root C7 versus a nerve stimulation interscalene brachial plexus block, both using 10 ...
Frassanito L - - 2009
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) often results in marked postoperative pain. We compared in a randomized controlled study tramadol consumption, postoperative pain and patient satisfaction after primary TKA in patients who received a single injection lumbar plexus and sciatic nerve blocks or a continuous lumbar plexus and sciatic nerve blocks. Forty-four ...
Erdil F - - 2009
The objective of this study was to compare the block durations and haemodynamic effects associated with intrathecal levobupivacaine or bupivacaine in elderly patients undergoing transurethral prostate surgery. Eighty patients were prospectively randomised to receive plain 1.5 ml levobupivacaine 0.5% (group levobupivacaine) or 1.5 ml plain bupivacaine 0.5% (group bupivacaine) in ...
Ariyama Jun - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the influence of baricity and patient positioning during onset of subarachnoid block in patients placed in the prone, jackknife position with head-down tilt of 15 degrees . DESIGN: Randomized study. SETTING: Operating room of Tonami General Hospital. PATIENTS: 180 ASA physical I and II patients (134 ...
Tran De Q H de - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study compared single- and double-injection, ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block for upper extremity surgery. METHODS: Ninety-two patients were randomly allocated to receive a single-injection (n = 46) or double-injection (n = 46), ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block. Performance time (defined as the sum of imaging ...
Bertini Laura - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between the dose, volume, and concentration of local anesthetic and the quality and success of regional anesthesia remains unclear. Our aim was to test whether using 3 different volumes of the same local anesthetic dose influences the success rate of an axillary brachial plexus block with a ...
Leykin Yigal - - 2009
PURPOSE: This prospective, randomized, blinded study was designed to compare the effects of warmed versus room-temperature levobupivacaine in patients undergoing knee arthroscopy and partial meniscectomy. METHODS: Patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups of 16 patients each. In all patients the 2 portal sites were infiltrated with 10 mL of ...
Trinavarat Adisak - - 2009
To compare the efficacy in pupil dilatation between a mixture containing 0.75% tropicamide and 2.5% phenylephrine and the alternate application of 1% tropicamide and 10% phenylephrine eye drops. Patients requiring pupil dilatation were randomized to receive one drop of the mixture every 10 min for four times or our standard ...
Disma Nicola - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the postoperative analgesia of three different concentrations of levobupivacaine for ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric (II/IH) block in children undergoing inguinal hernia repair. DESIGN: Double-blind, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room and postoperative recovery area of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 73 ASA physical status I and II children, aged ...
Iyer Chandramouli P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The continuous infusion of ropivacaine is effective in controlling pain for a wide variety of surgical procedures and reducing opioid adverse effects and dependency. The present study assessed the efficacy of ropivacaine infusion using the I-Flow dual Soaker Catheter system at the surgical site for bariatric surgery recovery at ...
Ji Genlin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The treatment of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) continues to be a challenge in clinical pain management. In this randomized, controlled study, we assessed the effectiveness of repetitive paravertebral injections with local anesthetics and steroids for the prevention of PHN in patients with acute herpes zoster. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two patients ...
Apiliogullari Seza - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing hypospadias repair need to be protected from highly unpleasant sensory and emotional experiences during and after surgery. We designed a double-blinded, randomized, and placebo-controlled study to compare the efficacy of a low-dose (2 microg x kg(-1)) of intrathecal morphine with placebo for postoperative pain control of children ...
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