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Espitalier Fabien - - 2011
The main procedure specific complication of sagittal split osteotomy of the mandibular ramus (SSOMR) is inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury. This can be produced by poor intraoperative visibility of the IAN due to bone bleeding. In our centre, mandibular nerve blocks (MNBs) are usually performed for intra- and post-operative analgesia. ...
Sindjelic Radomir P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cervical plexus block is frequently associated with unsatisfactory sensory blockade. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we examined whether the addition of fentanyl to local anesthetics improves the quality of cervical plexus block in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: Seventy-seven consecutive adult patients scheduled for elective CEA were ...
Schinkel N - - 2010
Episiotomies are performed in approximately 20% of vaginal deliveries and may result in postpartum pain. Perineal infiltration with lidocaine during the episiotomy is widely used, despite an early study showing no difference when compared with saline. Ropivacaine has increasingly been used in the obstetric setting, although not for episiotomies. We ...
De Windt Ariane C - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the quality of analgesia, postoperative comfort and subsequent duration of hospitalization after distal hand surgery and peripheral nerve block at the wrist for paediatric outpatients. METHODS: Sixty consecutive ASA I or II children were randomly assigned to ...
Barker Maria C - - 2010
Familial hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP) is a rare genetic disorder in which the sodium channels in skeletal muscle cells have altered structure and function. Small elevations in serum potassium lead to inactivation of sodium channels, causing episodic weakness or paralysis. Exposure to cold, anesthesia, fasting, emotional stress, potassium ingestion, and ...
Kachko Ludmyla - - 2010
PURPOSE: Pain is the main cause of patient distress/dissatisfaction after strabismus surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of sub-Tenon's block with ropivacaine at the end of strabismus surgery on post-operative pain. METHODS: A prospective trial was conducted in 79 patients (age 1.0-65 years) scheduled for ...
Yauger Young J - - 2010
We compared outcomes between patients receiving general anesthesia (GA) vs regional block (RB) in a military same-day surgery unit (SDSU), where Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) delivered all RBs and GA. All patient charts from 2003 through 2006 were reviewed. Patients were included if they were 18 years or older, ...
Pacella E - - 2010
AIMS: The Authors examine the employement of a new anaesthetic agent, levobupivacaine 0.50% (S - enantiomer of racemic mixture of bupivacaine), for peribulbar anaesthesia in a randomized double blind study vs. racemic bupivacaine 0.50% alone or in association with hyaluronidase 10 IU x ml(-1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 patients were ...
Amin Wafik A WA Department of Anesthesia and ICU, Al Azhar Faculty of Medicine. - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ease and reliability of the anterior and lateral approaches to sciatic nerve block compared to the posterior parasacral approach, and their suitability for the specific factors in the patients, positions, and surgeries. Also, the insertion and usefulness of the continuous ...
Srivastava Vibhu V Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care & Pain Management, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Ram Nagar - - 2010
The proposed study was carried out in the department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive care & Pain management, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences. Swami Rama Nagar, Dehradun. A total of 120 patients of ASA I & II obstetric & non-obstetric undergoing elective/emergency surgery under subarachnoid block were included under the study. To ...
Kanazi Ghassan E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block is an effective method of providing pain relief after cesarean delivery. Neuraxial morphine is currently the "gold standard" treatment for pain after cesarean delivery. In this study we tested the hypothesis that subarachnoid morphine would provide more prolonged and superior analgesia than would transversus ...
Tofoli Giovana R - - 2011
This blinded crossover study evaluated the efficacy and pain sensitivity evoked by a previously reported liposome-encapsulated mepivacaine formulation ( Araujo et al., 2004 ). Thirty healthy volunteers received an intraoral injection (1.8 mL), at four different sessions, of the following formulations: 2% mepivacaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine (MVC(2%EPI)), 3% mepivacaine (MVC(3%)), and ...
Sanders Richard J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Since 2005 when we became aware of pectoralis minor syndrome (PMS), more than 75% of patients diagnosed with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) also have neurogenic PMS (NPMS), and about 30% have only NPMS, without NTOS. METHODS: Diagnosis was made based on history, physical examination, pectoralis minor (PM), and ...
Bowens Clifford C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In this study, we performed the infraclavicular block with combined ultrasound guidance and neurostimulation to selectively target cords to compare the success rates of placing a single injection of local anesthetic either in a central or peripheral location. METHODS: Two hundred eighteen patients were enrolled in a consecutive, prospective ...
Gozdemir Muhammet - - 2010
To determine whether magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) infusion during surgery reduces shivering during spinal anesthesia. Double-blinded placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Operation room of a university hospital. 60 patients, aged 40 to 70 years, scheduled for elective transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) during spinal anesthesia. Subarachnoid anesthesia consisting of hyperbaric bupivacaine three ...
Prasad Arun - - 2010
Popliteal sciatic nerve block (SNB) in combination with saphenous nerve block provides anesthesia and analgesia for foot and ankle surgeries. Landmark-based and image-guided techniques, to date, aim at blocking the sciatic nerve proximal to its bifurcation. Sciatic nerve block is usually associated with a long onset time (30-60 mins). We ...
Kang H - - 2010
This prospective, randomized, doubleblind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effectiveness of intraperitoneal instillation of ropivacaine in the relief of pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy. Patients in group C (placebo control group; n = 33) received normal saline and those in group I (instillation group; n = 30) received an instillation ...
Shin K M - - 2010
This study compared the technique of inserting the needle for caudal epidural blockade in a single pass parallel to the caudal canal versus the conventional technique of approaching the caudal canal with the needle at a steeper angle. Seventy-five patients, aged 0 to 72 months, scheduled for urological surgery were ...
Shveiky David - - 2010
: To evaluate the effect of voiding mechanism on cure rate of stress urinary incontinence in patients undergoing midurethral sling procedures. : Retrospective study of 121 patients who underwent midurethral sling procedures (retropubic or transobturator [TO]) between January 2006 and October 2007. Voiding mechanism was determined by preoperative pressure flow ...
Felfernig Michael - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The use of certain peripheral nerve blocks in paediatric patients is gaining increasing popularity, although distinctive characteristics of the juvenile anatomy, psychological barriers, time constraints on block placement, and risks of neurotoxic and cardio toxic side effects are still mentioned. However, newer agents like Ropivacaine and Levobupivacaine seem to ...
Trehan Vikas - - 2010
The brachial plexus in infraclavicular region can be blocked by various approaches. Aim of this study was to compare two approaches (coracoid and clavicular) regarding success rate, discomfort during performance of block, tourniquet tolerance and complications. The study was randomised, prospective and observer blinded. Sixty adult patients of both sexes ...
Bajwa Sukhminder Jit Singh - - 2010
The aim was to determine qualitative and quantitative aspects of caudal block, haemodynamic effects, and post-operative pain relief of ropivacaine 0.25% versus ropivacaine 0.25% with clonidine for lower abdominal surgeries in paediatric patients. A double-blind study was conducted among 44 paediatric patients in the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care ...
Bajwa Sukhminder Jit Singh - - 2010
Neuraxial adjuvants augment the action of local anesthetics. The aim is to determine the qualitative and quantitative aspects of epidural block of ropivacaine 0.75% versus ropivacaine 0.75% with clonidine for elective cesarean section. A randomized double-blind study was conducted among 51 healthy parturients, scheduled for elective cesarean section, at Gian ...
Elmetwaly Khaled Fawzy - - 2010
To compare and evaluate the effect of adding ketamine or nitroglycerin (NTG) as adjuncts to lidocaine for intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) on intraoperative and postoperative analgesia, sensorial and motor block onset times, and tourniquet pain. A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was carried out. Seventy-five patients undergoing hand surgery were divided ...
Park Chang Kil - - 2010
The optimal dose infusion of 0.125% bupivacaine via a femoral catheter after total knee replacement (TKR) has not been defined. This study examined various dose infusions of bupivacaine to determine the analgesic quality in patients receiving a continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB). Patients were randomized to receive a single-injection femoral ...
Wiziack Zago Patricia Maria - - 2011
Animal studies have shown that liposome encapsulation increases prilocaine anesthetic efficacy. This randomized, blind, crossover, three-period study evaluated the anesthetic efficacy of liposome-encapsulated 3% prilocaine, compared to 3% plain prilocaine and 3% prilocaine with 0.03IU/mL felypressin, after a 1.8-mL infiltration in the buccal sulcus of the maxillary right canine, in ...
Tsai Phil B - - 2010
PURPOSE: The saphenous nerve, a branch of the femoral nerve, is a pure sensory nerve that supplies the anteromedial aspect of the lower leg from the knee to the foot. There is limited evidence of the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided techniques to block the saphenous nerve. We therefore undertook a retrospective ...
Ha Dae Ho - - 2010
Retrospective study. Facet joint block is performed for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes and generally carried out under computerd tomography (CT) or radiologic fluoroscopy guidance. Ultrasonography-guided facet block has recently been attempted. So, we compared the results of ultrasonography-guided facet joint block with the results of fluoroscopy-guided facet joint block. Because ...
Hu J - - 2010
This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and significance of preserving the lobular branch of the great auricular nerve (GAN) during parotidectomy. Ninety-three patients with benign tumour undergoing parotidectomy were separated randomly into three groups. Thirty-one patients underwent a parotidectomy with the main trunk of GAN sacrificed (group A), ...
Gorthi Venkat - - 2010
This study analyzed the effectiveness of suprascapular nerve block under ultrasonographic guidance in patients with perishoulder pain. Patients with perishoulder pain were enrolled in the study and were randomly divided into 2 groups. In the first group of 25 patients (12 men and 13 women), nerve block was applied under ...
Yildiz Tulay S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to compare the postoperative analgesic efficacy and duration of analgesia after caudal levobupivacaine 0.125% or caudal tramadol 1.5 mg.kg(-1) and mixture of both in children undergoing day-case surgery. METHODS: Sixty-three American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I or II children between 1 and ...
Nagaso Tomohisa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This biomechanical study aims to elucidate whether additional bar application increases postoperative pain after the Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum. METHODS: Clinical evaluation: The intensity of postoperative pain was compared between patients for whom a single-bar was used (single-bar group: n = 14) and those for whom double bars ...
OdeĊŸ Ramazan - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the hemodynamic effects and postoperative pain control quality of ropivacaine and ketamine addition to ropivacaine in children undergoing inguinal hernia repair with caudal anesthesia. METHODS: A total of 45 patients (1-4 years) scheduled to undergo inguinal hernia repair were studied. Anesthesia was induced with sevoflurane ...
Pfeil Lawrence - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, single-blinded study was to measure the degree of anesthesia obtained with 1.8 mL and 3.6 mL of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine in posterior superior alveolar (PSA) nerve blocks. METHODS: Thirty-one adult subjects randomly received PSA nerve blocks of 1.8 mL and 3.6 ...
Cannon Beverley - - 2010
Digital nerve blocks (DNB) are performed frequently in the Emergency Department (ED). The aim of this study was to establish whether single injection subcutaneous digital nerve block (SDNB) is as effective as the traditional (two injection) digital nerve block (TDNB) for digital anaesthesia. Single blinded, prospective, randomised-controlled multicentre trial within ...
Ulker Baris - - 2010
The aim of This study was to compare spinal, low-dose spinal, and epidural anesthesia using ropivacaine and fentanyl combinations for transurethral surgical procedures. Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists scores of I-III were allocated into three groups. After pre- loading with 5 mL/kg normal saline, patients in the spinal ...
Ra Yoon Suk - - 2010
Several methods are performed to control the pain after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Recently, the transverse abdominis plane block has been proposed to compensate for the problems developed by preexisting methods. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the ultrasound-guided transverse abdominis plane block (US-TAP block) and compare efficacy ...
Chakraborty Susmita - - 2010
Clonidine has been used as adjuvant to local anesthetics in order to extend the duration of analgesia in various regional and central neuraxial blocks. It is previously reported that clonidine added to bupivacaine increases analgesia duration in brachial plexus block. We evaluated the effect of this combination in supraclavicular brachial ...
Adami Chiara - - 2011
The aim of this study was to describe the sciatic-femoral nerve block (SFNB) in goats and to evaluate the peri-operative analgesia when the goats underwent stifle arthrotomy. The animals were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: groups 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75 received 0.25%, 0.5% and 0.75% of bupivacaine, ...
Hung Nan-Kai - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a common complication after endotracheal intubation. We compared the effectiveness on POST of spraying the endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff with benzydamine hydrochloride, 10% lidocaine, and 2% lidocaine. METHODS: Three hundred seventy-two patients were randomly allocated into 4 groups. The ETT cuffs in each group ...
Fournier Roxane - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Levobupivacaine and ropivacaine are 2 left enantiomeric molecules frequently used for peripheral nerve blocks because of their safe clinical profile. Levobupivacaine is more lipophilic and theoretically more potent than ropivacaine, but clinical studies show conflicting results in terms of anesthetic and analgesic characteristics. We hypothesized that the pure S-enantiomer ...
Doganci N - - 2010
AIM: The optimal volume of epidural saline administration on spinal anesthesia is not clear. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the block characteristics of 5, 10, 15, and 20 mL epidural saline after spinal anesthesia. METHODS: This prospective, randomized double-blind study was conducted in the operation room ...
Doganci N - - 2010
AIM: The optimal volume of epidural saline administration on spinal anesthesia is not clear. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the block characteristics of 5, 10, 15, and 20 mL epidural saline after spinal anesthesia. METHODS: This prospective, randomized double-blind study was conducted in the operation room ...
Koo B-N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Caudal block is the most common regional technique to provide post-operative analgesia in pediatric infra-umbilical surgery. This study was designed to define how many spinal segments would be covered by the weight-based dosage of caudally administered 0.2% ropivacaine in children using the fluoroscopic method. METHODS: After an approval from ...
Vlainich Roberto - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of intravenous lidocaine on the manifestations of fibromyalgia. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, comparative study was conducted on 30 patients. All patients received 25 mg amitriptyline. Group 1 (n = 15) received 125 mL of saline; group 2 ...
Antevy Peter M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Digital anesthesia in the pediatric population has traditionally been accomplished using a ring block that requires multiple injections. A modified transthecal digital nerve block is a single-injection technique of the midproximal phalanx that has been shown to be technically simple and highly effective in adults. OBJECTIVE: To describe the ...
Obayah Gihan M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The effect of dexmedetomidine on the duration of sensory blockade has not been studied in humans. We evaluated the effect of adding dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine on the duration of postoperative analgesia in children who underwent repair of a cleft palate. METHODS: Thirty children who were scheduled for ...
Boots Brenda K - - 2010
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate if discomfort levels are statistically significant when two different topical and intraurethral precatheterisation analgesia strategies are used. The primary objective of this research project was to examine methods to decrease pain experienced by paediatric cystogram patients. BACKGROUND: Paediatric patients ...
Desai S - - 2010
It is common practice to mix opioids with hyperbaric bupivacaine in a single syringe before intrathecal injection of the mixture. Mixing these drugs may alter the density of the hyperbaric solution, affecting the spread of local anaesthetic and opioid. Forty-eight women having elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia were recruited ...
Maldini Branka - - 2010
The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy, safety and complications of two anesthetic techniques including local and spinal anesthesia. A total of 436 patients received local (LA group = 250) or spinal (SA group = 186) anesthesia during a year period. SA group received 0.5% Bupivacaine 5 ...
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