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Chen Yuan-Zhuo YZ Department of Urology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
This study aimed to explore the effect of carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum on tumor proliferation and metastasis in an orthotropic xenograft nude mice model of human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and evaluate the safety of CO2 pneumoperitoneum laparoscopy for treating RCC. RCC 786-0 cells were injected to establish an orthotropic ...
Au John J Trauma and Orthopaedic Research Unit, Canberra Hospital, Canberra - - - 2014
An acetabular prosthesis orientated outside the 'safe zone' is one of the key contributing factors in increasing complications after total hip replacement (THR). Although acetabular orientation is routinely assessed using supine x-rays, standing x-rays have been proposed because a change in body position alters pelvic tilt and therefore acetabular orientation. ...
Akhter Javed J Department of Surgery, University of New South Wales, St. George Hospital Kogarah, NSW, Australia - - 2014
Compared to current treatment for pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP), the extraction of solubilised mucin through peritoneal catheter can be minimally invasive. However, mucin has variable appearance that may influence mucolysis. Hence, we investigated the mucolysis of 36 mucin samples with a novel agent. Using visual inspection and hardness index, PMP mucin ...
Kim Kwang E KE Musculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Bioengineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 405 Center for Bioengineering, 300 Technology Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, United - - 2013
For recurrent patellar dislocation, reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) with replacement autografts has often been performed but with only little data on the tensile properties of the MPFL to guide graft selection. With its complex anatomy and geometry, these properties are difficult to obtain. In this study, we ...
Kim Soo Shin - - 2013
Oriental blepharoplasty is the most frequently performed aesthetic surgery among far east Asians (i.e., Korean, Chinese, Japanese, and Taiwanese). Numerous studies on oriental blepharoplasty have been published, but only a few, if any, have reported on the measurable effects of such surgeries on the upper face. To scientifically evaluate the ...
Malali Ezgi - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical parameters and crevicular cell population, particularly leukocyte counts, changes after initial periodontal therapy with different instruments by a chairside laboratory technique, in severe periodontitis patients. Background data: Although scaling and root planing (SRP) with hand curettes or ultrasonic ...
Nomura Eiichi - - 2012
We hypothesized that leukocytes have 2 opposing effects on patients with ischemic stroke treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA). Patients with ischemic stroke treated with rtPA were divided into 2 groups using the peripheral leukocyte count: high leukocyte group (HLG) and low leukocyte group (LLG) and were evaluated with ...
Chen Xiaozhong - - 2012
The goal of this paper is to present a new methodology for assessing the bounded-input bounded-output (BIBO) stability in QT interval (QTI) dynamics from clinical ECG. The ECG recordings were collected from 15 patients who experienced ventricular tachycardia (VT). Ten-minute-long ECG recordings extracted immediately before the onset of a chosen ...
Hudetz Judith A - - 2011
We tested the hypothesis that elevated postoperative interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations are associated with short- and medium-term impairment of cognitive functions in patients after coronary artery surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. Eighty-six age- and education-balanced patients ≥55 years of age undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery with cardiopulmonary ...
Lee Eun-Ho - - 2011
The authors aimed to investigate whether immediate postoperative hypoalbuminemia could be associated with outcomes after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery. A retrospective analysis of the medical data. Cardiac operating room and adult cardiovascular intensive care unit at a single institution. Six hundred ninety adult patients underwent elective OPCAB ...
Dagenais François - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Moderate aortic stenosis in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) patients more than 70 years old is not unusual. The risk-benefit of performing a concomitant aortic valve replacement (AVR) is often difficult to assess. To stratify the risk-benefit ratio, we reviewed outcomes of CABG patients more than 70 years ...
Choi Seong Hoon - - 2010
To define the mechanism associated with abnormal septal motion (ASM) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) using comprehensive MR imaging techniques. Eighteen patients (mean age, 58 ± 12 years; 15 males) were studied with comprehensive MR imaging using rest/stress perfusion, rest cine, and delayed enhancement (DE)-MR techniques before and ...
Venugopal Vinod V The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London Hospital, London, UK. - - 2010
Novel treatment strategies are required to reduce the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. In this respect, remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC), a phenomenon in which transient nonlethal ischemia applied to an organ or tissue protects another organ or tissue from subsequent lethal ischemic injury, is ...
Hwang Ho Young - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) on 5-year angiographic results and long-term clinical outcomes in patients who underwent total arterial off-pump coronary revascularization for multivessel coronary disease. METHODS: Between January 1998 and July 2004, total arterial revascularization for multivessel coronary disease was performed in 558 patients; 247 ...
Hariharan Seetharaman - - 2010
The risk-adjusted outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in Trinidad and Tobago was evaluated by applying the EuroSCORE scoring system. A retrospective study was undertaken by reviewing the case notes of patients who underwent CABG from 2003 to 2008 under Caribbean Heart Care. Data collected included age, sex, smoking ...
Dabbagh Ali - - 2010
Postoperative blood drainage is a great concern for health care providers when monitoring patients after cardiac surgery. In this study, the effect of intravenous magnesium sulfate infusion on postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgeries was assessed. In a double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial, 140 ...
Pinhas-Hamiel Orit - - 2010
This study evaluated the feasibility of insulin pump treatment in adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and eating disorders (ED). Sixty-three girls >10 years old were included in the study. Forty-eight were treated with pump (no-ED-pump group); 15 had ED, of whom eight were treated with pump (ED-pump ...
Kuroi Akio - - 2010
Coronary sequelae that persist after Kawasaki disease (KD) have been associated with coronary vascular events in adolescents and young adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between coronary sequelae late after KD and circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), as a marker of vascular repair, or monocyte ...
Smith Peter K - - 2011
The previous Pexelizumab for Reduction of Infarction and Mortality in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery I (PRIMO-CABG I) trial (n = 3099) indicated that C5 complement inhibition with pexelizumab might reduce myocardial infarction (MI) and postoperative mortality. PRIMO-CABG II was designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of terminal complement ...
Puehler Thomas - - 2011
Objective: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the gold standard for the surgical therapy of multivessel coronary artery disease. To reduce the side effects, associated with standard extracorporeal circulation (ECC), a concept of minimal extracorporeal circulation (MECC) was devised in our center. We report on our 10-year experience with the ...
Hueb Whady - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is a safe, routine procedure. Nevertheless, significant morbidity remains, mostly because of the body's response to the nonphysiological nature of cardiopulmonary bypass. Few data are available on the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) on cardiac events and ...
Koester Ralf - - 2011
In patients >80 years (octogenarians), there is an increased incidence of bradycardia due to age-related alteration of the sinus node, AV node, and the conduction system. Therefore, the treatment of angina pectoris with beta-blockers may be limited by bradycardia. The REDUCTION multicenter study evaluated the efficacy of ivabradine in stable angina ...
Li Zhongmin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is associated with a significant risk of stroke. Some studies suggest that off-pump CABG (OPCAB) may reduce postoperative stroke rate. We performed this study to evaluate the relationship between postoperative stroke and OPCAB compared with conventional on-pump CABG (CCB) in a recent, large cohort ...
Nakatsu Taro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting is known to improve the long-term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, there are few reports regarding the efficacy of BITA grafting in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. This study investigates the potential benefits of BITA grafting in ESRD patients. METHODS: ...
Nemati Mohammad Hassan - - 2010
Opium abuse is a major type of drug abuse in Iran. This study was designed to find the possible relation between opium addiction and excessive bleeding after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. In a historical cohort study during a 1.5-year period, consecutive patients scheduled for elective CABG surgery were ...
Singhal Pawan - - 2010
The use of cardiopulmonary bypass during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery has been associated with substantial morbidity. Off-pump coronary bypass (OPCAB) surgery has become a widely used technique during recent years. EuroSCORE risk scale is the most rigorously evaluated scoring system in cardiac surgery to preoperatively quantify the risk ...
Ariyaratnam Priyadharshanan - - 2010
Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) is a rare but serious complication following coronary artery bypass surgery. Our study investigates the risk factors and mortality associated with DSWI with other risk models for DSWI. Data was collected prospectively on 7602 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting±concomitant surgery between April 1999 and ...
Weeks Birgit P - - 2011
A cardiac catheterization laboratory can be a frightening environment and music can be a supportive source of environmental sound that stimulates and maintains relaxation. To test the effects of patient focused music versus loudspeaker music versus standard sound on patient's experiences of anxiety and well-being during coronary angiographic procedures. A ...
Schurr Paulus - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The benefit of concomitant mitral valve correction (replacement or reconstruction, MVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with coronary artery disease and mitral regurgitation (MR) remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 298 consecutive patients underwent CABG alone (n=196) or CABG+ MVR (n=102) between January 2003 and April 2008. ...
Bramer Sander - - 2010
New-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a frequent rhythm disturbance after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study investigated the independent effect of POAF on early and late mortality after isolated CABG. Data of patients who consecutively underwent isolated CABG between January 2003 and December 2007 were prospectively collected. The ...
Toraman Fevzi - - 2010
In the present study, we investigated risk factors for intensive care unit (ICU) readmission after fasttrack cardiac surgery and analyzed outcome data according to the type of surgical procedure. Between 1999 and 2008, we prospectively enrolled 4270 consecutive patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (CABG group, n ...
Miceli Antonio - - 2010
There is no accepted consensus on the definition of high-risk patients who may benefit from the use of intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of this study was to develop a risk model to identify high-risk patients and predict the need for IABP insertion ...
Martinez Eliana C - - 2010
The applicability of off-pump coronary-artery bypass (OPCAB) in patients who present as emergency remains controversial. Herein, we explore the efficacy and safety of OPCAB in patients who were indicated for emergency surgery. Between 2002 and 2007, a total of 282 patients underwent OPCAB, of which 68 were presented as emergency. ...
Polewczyk Anna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease in the elderly is associated with multilevel atherosclerosis and chronic co-morbidities. AIM: To determine benefits from revascularisation in the elderly. METHODS: A total of 830 patients over 65 years with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were included. Of them, 339 admitted in 1992-1996 (38.5% STEMI population ...
Seabra Victor F - - 2010
Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been advocated to cause less inflammation, morbidity, and mortality than the more traditional on-pump technique. This meta-analysis compares these two surgical techniques with respect to causing acute kidney injury (AKI). This study searched for randomized controlled trials in MEDLINE and abstracts from the ...
Kinoshita Takeshi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare hospital outcomes and long-term survival in Japanese patients with or without renal dysfunction and to estimate the risk of renal dysfunction for survival after isolated off-pump coronary bypass grafting (CABG). Among 661 consecutive Japanese patients undergoing isolated CABG (656 by the off-pump ...
de Tournay-Jetté Emilie - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) in the occurrence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in elderly patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. A prospective study. University hospital. A total of 61 patients (84% male) with a mean ...
Attaran Saina - - 2010
Coronary artery revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass (ONCAB) has been reported to carry several risks for patients with poor left ventricular (LV) function (ejection fraction <30%). Off-pump CABG (OPCAB) has been proposed to result in a better outcome, but mid- and long-term survival rates have never been compared. The aim of ...
Eggers Kai M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score is widely recommended for risk assessment in patients with acute coronary syndrome. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the utility of this score for long-term risk prediction in unselected patients with acute chest pain and whether it might be ...
Keith Mary - - 2010
Patients report changes in their perception of food tastes following cardiac surgery. This study was designed to explore changes in taste sensitivity following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Detection and recognition thresholds for sweet (sucrose), salty (sodium chloride), sour (citric acid), and bitter (quinine hydrochloride) were determined using the ...
Stein Traci R - - 2010
Depression and anxiety are associated with increased risk of postoperative cardiac events and death in patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery. These risks persist even several months after the procedure. Guided imagery has been used with cardiac surgery patients for some time and with numerous anecdotal reports ...
Sousa Uva Miguel - - 2010
Uncertainty persists regarding the impact of the off-pump technique on coronary bypass graft patency. The primary objective of this study was to assess coronary artery bypass graft patency in patients randomized to off-pump and on-pump multivessel coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Secondary objectives were clinical outcomes and neuropsychological functioning. One ...
Ranchord Anil M - - 2010
Same-day discharge after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is safe in the majority of patients. However, the elderly have more comorbidities and less favorable coronary and peripheral arterial anatomy, which may preclude safe same-day discharge after PCI. We assessed the feasibility and safety of same-day discharge in an elderly cohort ...
Ali Nasir N Department of Cardiac Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology, National Institute of Heart Diseases, Rawalpindi, - - 2010
To determine the role of remote ischemic pre-conditioning (rIPC) on myocardium, against ischemia reperfusion injury in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery by measuring CKMB levels. A randomized controlled trial. The Surgical Department of Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Diseases, Rawalpindi, from January to June ...
Yang Hongseok - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to identify the clinical implications of newly developed akinesia in echocardiography after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and its relationship with graft patency. A total of 512 patients underwent off-pump CABG from January 2007 to November 2008. Two hundred and thirty-nine ...
Ashrith Guha - - 2010
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but no study has yet compared the short- and long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents for multivessel CAD among non-hemodialysis-dependent (HD) ...
Prapas Sotirios N - - 2010
We prospectively examined 1359 adult patients undergoing isolated coronary revascularization with the Pi-circuit technique, consisting of beating heart, aorta no-touch, use of composite grafts, and off-pump arterial revascularization. Patients were divided into two groups based on body weight; Group A consisting of 295 (21.7%) obese patients [body mass index (BMI) ...
Kurlansky Paul A - - 2011
Octogenarians comprise the fastest growing population segment. Numerous reports have documented improved accomplishment of coronary artery bypass grafting in this high-risk cohort. But what is the quality of life after surgery, and how sustainable are the clinical benefits? Sequential cross-sectional analyses were performed on 1062 consecutive patients 80 years old ...
Mohamed Osama A - - 2010
The published studies discussing the prognostic factors for expected sexual function after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) are still limited. Examining the correlation between the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) and the abridged form of International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire (IIEF-5), as a quick and inexpensive ...
Xiong Glen L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been shown to increase bleeding risks. This study examined the association of perioperative coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) bleeding risks and SSRI use prior to CABG. HYPOTHESIS: SSRI may be associated with increased bleeding risks after CABG resulting in elevated reoperation rates due ...
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