Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1421
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Lakusic Nenad - - 2009
Background. It is known that after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) heart rate variability (HRV) becomes significantly decreased with a gradual recovery in a few months after surgery. However, literature data about the impact of the off-pump CABG on postoperative HRV are not complete. Therefore, the aim of this ...
le Polain de Waroux Jean-Benoît - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The impact of adding mitral ring annuloplasty (MRA) to coronary bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation (iMR) is unclear. The study aim was to compare the 30-day and four-year survival of patients with moderate to severe iMR undergoing CABG or CABG+MRA, ...
Hällberg Ville - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To establish which factors influence patients' return to work and how well they remain at work after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Five hundred and sixty nine consecutive CABG patients aged less than 65 years were followed for 10 years. Data were collected from patient records and by ...
Song Young Rim - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Depending on the specific definition, acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 7-40% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Even small changes in serum creatinine (SCr) levels are associated with increased mortality after cardiac surgery. However, there are no current methods for preventing AKI after cardiac surgery. Erythropoietin (EPO) has been ...
Tani Masaji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although the mortality rates for pancreaticoduodenectomy have been reported to be low for periampullary tumors at high-volume centers, postoperative results still remain unclear for elderly patients over 80 years of age. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent a pancreaticoduodenectomy and consisted of 335 patients who ...
Schiks Ingrid E J M - - 2009
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate if ambulation four hours after sheath removal can replace ambulation 10 hours or more after sheath removal with regard to puncture site complications after percutaneous coronary interventions and to examine patient comfort in both groups. BACKGROUND: Early ambulation after percutaneous coronary intervention may facilitate earlier ...
Qiu Zhi-bing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting with severe left ventricular dysfunction (SLVD) undergoing conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CCABG) are at an increased risk of perioperative mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors responsible for mortality and morbidity among patients with SLVD by comparing CCABG and ...
Ulas Mahmut Mustafa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether ambroxol administered orally during the perioperative period has a protective effect against postoperative pulmonary dysfunction in on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: Fifty younger patients without known pulmonary disease were randomly assigned into 2 groups. In ambroxol group (n = 25), patients were given ambroxol for ...
Holzhey David M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Here we report the short- and long-term results of a minimally invasive hybrid approach in 117 patients. METHODS: From 1996 to 2007, revascularization of the left anterior descending artery was performed in 1,696 patients by minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCAB), in 89 patients by beating-heart totally ...
Halachmi Sarel - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The number of octogenarians requiring surgery increases constantly. Data regarding perioperative morbidity and mortality in octogenarians is limited. Our aim was to assess surgery-related complications in octogenarians, undergoing urological surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively collected data from octogenarians and a control group of younger patients undergoing ...
Mahar M A A - - 2008
AIM: The authors have evaluated the postoperative changes of natriuretic peptides, apelin and adrenomedullin after off-pump (OPCAB) and on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CCAB) to assess the impact of these techniques on the myocardium. METHODS: Twenty-two patients underwent OPCAB and 24 patients underwent CCAB. Plasma levels of NT-proANP, NT-proBNP, apelin ...
Bondesson Susanne - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: As more patients survive coronary events, the prevalence of patients with refractory angina pectoris is increasing. The aim was to evaluate the effects of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) and spinal cord stimulation (SCS) and compare with optimal medically treated patients with refractory angina. METHODS: 153 patients with refractory angina ...
Okabe Teruo - - 2008
The long-term outcome of a moderately diseased left main coronary artery (LMCA) remains unknown. One hundred and fourteen patients who underwent angiographic and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) evaluation for moderate LMCA disease (< 50% diameter stenosis) without intervention were followed for 5 years. There were 11 patients who underwent coronary artery ...
Trussell Joshua - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that implementing a quality care initiative, including peri-incisional antibiotic administration, tight blood glucose control, and hair removal with clippers would reduce surgical site infection (SSI) rates in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), with or without valve replacement. METHODS: Patients undergoing CABG were studied retrospectively, before ...
Ooi Joanna S M - - 2008
A prospective study was carried out to compare the outcomes of patients with preexisting non-dialysis-dependent renal dysfunction who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. Elective off-pump coronary artery bypass was performed in 29 patients with renal dysfunction. Their results were compared with those of a similar ...
Tan Eng-Shiong - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to identify patients with recurrent ischemia after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Graft failure after CABG may be managed conservatively or treated by surgery or PCI. We thought to investigate clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics in relation ...
Alserius Thomas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if glycosylated haemoglobin 1 (HbA1c) was associated with increased risk of infection and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. Preoperative HbA1c concentrations were correlated to outcome in patients followed for an average of 3.5 years after CABG. RESULTS: HbA1c was > or ...
Berger Jeffrey S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our multicenter study was to examine the impact of pre-operative administration of clopidogrel on reoperation rates, incidence of life-threatening bleeding, inpatient length of stay, and other bleeding-related outcomes in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (coronary artery bypass graft surgery [CABG]) in a broad ...
Böning A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The question whether the aortic valve in patients with mild aortic stenosis undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) should be replaced or left alone is still controversial. METHODS: Between 01/1995 and 03/2004, 38 patients (30 male, 8 female, mean age 70.9 +/- 7.8 years) required redo AVR 7.1 +/- ...
Dereli Y - - 2008
The effect of pre-operative atorvastatin on systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), often seen after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was evaluated in 40 patients undergoing elective CABG. Patients were divided into two groups: group I (pre-operative LDL cholesterol > or = 100 mg/dl; n = 20) received 20 mg/day atorvastatin ...
Elahi Maqsood - - 2008
The study compared cardiovascular risks factors, morbidity and in-hospital mortality following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in Australian patients of different ethnic backgrounds including Aboriginal (AB), Italian (IT), Indian (IA), British Caucasians (BC), and Chinese (CH). These groups AB (n = 20), CH (n = 12), IT (n = ...
Holinski Sebastian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Reduction of cognitive function is a possible side effect after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. We investigated the cerebroprotective effect of piracetam on cognitive performance in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. MATERIAL/METHODS: Patients scheduled for elective, primary and isolated coronary bypass surgery were randomised either ...
Bell Melanie L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The role of preoperative hemoglobin in predicting short-term coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery outcomes has not been well established. This study investigated the association between preoperative hemoglobin level with 30-day operative mortality and perioperative complications. METHODS: For the period from 1997 to 2005, the Department of Veterans Affairs ...
Ozkara Ahmet - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative respiratory functions, arterial blood gases, blood loss and clinical outcome following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) were assessed in a prospective randomized single-blind (patient- blind) clinical study comparing two different techniques of internal thoracic artery (ITA) harvesting. METHODS: Fifty-four patients admitted for CABG were allocated into two groups ...
McKellar Stephen H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients are the fastest growing population in the US healthcare system and more patients aged 80 years and older require CABG or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary revascularization than ever before. Because octogenarian patients have not been adequately represented in randomized trials comparing CABG and PCI, the ...
Kimura Naoyuki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) following surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD) and to assess the influence of this complication on clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 243 patients underwent emergency surgery for AAAD in the ...
Abboud Bassam - - 2008
Mesenteric ischemia following cardiac surgery is a life-threatening complication. Early identification of patients may help optimizing management and improving outcome. Between January 2000 and July 2007, surgical exploration was realized when mesenteric ischemia was suspected after coronary-artery bypass grafts (CABG). Patients were divided in two groups according to diagnosis confirmation ...
Sayed Sameh - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the preoperative patient characteristics on the results of coronary surgery in a developing country compared with a developed country. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Preoperative risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and intraoperative and immediate postoperative variables for coronary surgery were compared. Sixty patients were ...
Bakaeen Faisal G - - 2008
The impact of bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) versus single left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafts on long-term survival in veterans after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is unknown. A review of prospectively collected data identified all patients (n = 784) who underwent primary isolated CABG surgery from December ...
Jensen Birte Østergaard - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Age is considered to be the strongest predictive factor of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after cardiac surgery. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass is considered to be less harmful to the patient, especially in terms of neurological complications. METHODS: The study was a sub-study ...
Azarfarin Rasoul - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and severity of hyperglycemia in nondiabetic patients undergoing cardiac operation. METHODS: In an observational prospective study, 282 non-diabetic patients underwent elective off-pump (n=101) or on-pump (n=181) coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery from March 2006 to July 2007 in Madani Heart Hospital, Tabriz, Iran. Blood ...
Kajimoto Kan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality, but, the relationship between MetS and survival after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: The outcomes of patients with and without MetS were analyzed. Patients who had undergone CABG at Juntendo University Hospital ...
van den Goor Jm - - 2008
Cardiac surgical procedures assisted by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) impair cognitive functions. Several studies, however, showed that cognitive functions were unaffected in patients undergoing either primary coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or more complex surgery assisted by CPB. Therefore, we conducted a straightforward study to compare patient groups who differed significantly ...
Navia Daniel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This was a single-institutional study about total arterial off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCABG) using bilateral internal thoracic arteries in triple-vessel disease. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 569 multivessel CABG patients (10% female) who underwent total arterial (bilateral internal thoracic arteries) OPCABG between January 2002 and ...
Halkos Michael E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Neurologic events (permanent stroke and transient events) can be devastating complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study assessed the impact of a history of preoperative neurologic events on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) vs conventional coronary artery bypass (CCAB). METHODS: From January ...
Kamran Muhammad - - 2008
PURPOSE: It is not uncommon for aspirin therapy to be withheld before coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because it is thought to increase the risk of postoperative bleeding. Many studies have shown that continued aspirin therapy reduces postoperative myocardial infarction and increases survival. The purpose of this study is to ...
Peker O - - 2008
AIM: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in patients undergoing coronary artery by-pass grafting (CABG) involves the reperfusion-induced conversion of reversible injured myocardial and endothelial cells. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has a potential being the minimization of the impact of reperfusion injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intravenous NAC ...
Calafiore Antonio M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the impact of ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) on long-term outcome of patients with an ejection fraction (EF) exceeding 0.30 undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: From November 1994 to December 2002, 4226 patients (EF > 0.30) underwent a first isolated CABG. Preoperative IMR was present ...
Al-Sarraf Nael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Data on the effect of smoking on short-term outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery are limited. We sought to assess the morbidity and in-hospital mortality of smokers and former smokers compared with nonsmokers undergoing CABG. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected departmental ...
Shikata Fumiaki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We initiated an off-pump Fontan procedure by using temporary bypass from the inferior vena cava to the atrium and advanced the procedure in selected patients by simply cross-clamping the inferior vena cava. We aimed to investigate whether the off-pump Fontan procedure could ameliorate the volume and duration of pleural ...
Booth Jean - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Stent or Surgery Trial is a randomized, controlled trial comparing percutaneous coronary intervention with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for patients with multivessel disease. Initial results at a median follow-up of 2 years showed a survival advantage for patients randomized to CABG. This article reports survival outcome at ...
Brown Jeremiah R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) before coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a key risk factor of in-hospital mortality. However, in patients with normal renal function before CABG, acute kidney injury develops after the procedure, making postoperative renal function assessment necessary for evaluation. Postoperative eGFR and its association ...
Barnason Susan - - 2008
Despite successful coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, some patients continue to experience fatigue after their surgery. The purpose of this secondary analysis study was to examine the relationships of fatigue and early recovery outcomes (psychosocial and physiologic functioning, and physical activity) over time (6 weeks and 3 months) among ...
Herlitz Johan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to describe (a) changes in physical activity and symptoms of chest pain and dyspnea during 10 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and (b) risk indicators for chest pain and dyspnea 10 years after CABG. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study ...
Bleiziffer Sabine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic radial artery harvesting remarkably improves cosmetic results after coronary artery bypass surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate neurologic sequelae of the donor arm compared with those occurring after the conventional harvesting technique. METHODS: Fifty-three patients who had undergone endoscopic radial artery harvesting were followed up ...
Leverve Xavier M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare two solutions for fluid resuscitation in post-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery patients: Ringer's lactate (RL) versus a new solution containing half-molar sodium-lactate (HL). DESIGN: Prospective randomized open label study. SETTING: The first 12 h post-CABG surgery in an intensive care unit (ICU). PATIENTS: There were 230 ...
Stroobant Nathalie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Neurocognitive sequelae after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are frequently reported. The present study investigated the possible difference between on- and off-pump CABG patients in a long-term perspective. METHODS: We administered seven standardized neuropsychological tests 1 day before, 6 days after, 6 months after and 3-5 years after CABG. ...
Tetik Omer - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Patients with dialysis-dependent renal disease frequently present with coronary artery disease. These patients are considered to be at high risk for coronary artery bypass grafting. Therefore, off-pump coronary artery surgery may become a good option for these patients. Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery in patients with dialysis-dependent renal failure ...
Dunning Joel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We investigated the long-term outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting both in terms of survival and quality of life. METHODS: Ten-year postsurgery survival was collated on patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting from 1994 to 1996, and quality of life was assessed using EQ-5D and a quality-of-life thermometer. We ...
Gülcan O - - 2008
AIM: Atherosclerosis of the ascending aorta is a leading cause of cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the ascending aorta is considered untouchable only in cases of severe calcification. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of the no-touch aorta ...
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