Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1418
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Yang Ji-Hyuk - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Treating triple-vessel disease by grafting a single Y-composite graft with 1 arterial conduit attached to the side of the internal thoracic artery is sometimes not used because of the possibility of hypoperfusion. METHODS: Between March 2001 and June 2003, 271 patients who underwent total arterial revascularization for triple-vessel disease ...
Shechter Michael - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of short-term external counterpulsation (ECP) therapy on flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: In patients with CAD, the vascular endothelium is usually impaired and modification or reversal of endothelial dysfunction may significantly enhance treatment. ...
Budillon A M - - 2003
AIM: Incidence evaluation of cutaneous neurologic symptoms in the lower limbs as a new event after great saphenous vein (GSV) harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Each day we harvest the GSV for CABG. Some authors have reported the onset of saphenous neuralgia complex as a new event of ...
Dieter Robert S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The development of a saphenous vein graft aneurysm (SVGA) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is a rare occurrence. There are approximately 60 cases reported in the literature, the majority being single case reports. There is no consensus on the treatment of SVGA. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the patients ...
Baskett Roger J F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Single-center studies suggest substantial variation in intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) utilization. Our purpose is to examine IABP utilization over time and across medical centers. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort of 29,961 consecutive patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery, between 1995 and 2000, at 10 centers (eight ...
Srinivasan Arun K - - 2003
Preoperative beta-blockade in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has recently been shown to be beneficial in improving the early outcomes after surgery. We aimed to quantify the effect of preoperative beta-blockade on outcomes in our own patient population. We performed a retrospective analysis on CABG patients identified from ...
Järvinen Otso - - 2003
The present prospective clinical study was carried out to investigate the effect of age on mortality, morbidity, and readmission rates after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Data on 1131 consecutive CABG patients were collected in a surgical center and in all 18 secondary referral hospitals up to 3 months after ...
Phillips Bradley J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: "Prophylactic" aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with asymptomatic, mild-to-moderate aortic stenosis (AS) at the time of CABG is controversial. In 1994, we reported our initial experience involving 44 patients and have now updated our series in an attempt to further evaluate outcomes. METHODS: Between January 1992 and July ...
Otaki Masaki - - 2003
Coronary bypass grafting for patients on chronic dialysis has increased the risk of operative mortality, and long-term survival is considered poor. Thirty-three patients dependent on dialysis undergoing coronary bypass grafting were analyzed. The 33 patients were divided into two groups according to the strategy for renal support. In group A, ...
Litmathe J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative coronary angiography in elderly people referred to the hospital for aortic valve replacement (AVR) often shows additional significant stenoses of the coronary arteries (CAD). The benefit of concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in these patients is still discussed controversially. By some authors, an isolated AVR in elderly ...
Hirose Hitoshi - - 2003
Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) using in-situ grafts does not require aortic manipulation, and it is theoretically free from the risk of stroke. Because of the limited availability of in-situ grafts, aortocoronary bypass has been conducted in addition to in-situ grafting. In this paper, the authors prospectively investigated whether or ...
Schoenburg M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychologic disorders are common after coronary artery bypass operations. Air microbubbles are identified as a contributing factor. A dynamic bubble trap might reduce the number of gaseous microemboli. METHODS: A total of 50 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass operation were recruited for this study. In 26 patients a dynamic ...
Stygall Jan - - 2003
A longitudinal study of cognitive function after coronary artery bypass surgery examined 107 participants using 11 tests, preoperatively and at 6 days, 8 weeks, and 5 years after surgery. The overall neuropsychological (NP) change score declined at 6 days, showed some recovery at 8 weeks, and declined again at 5 ...
Westerband Alex - - 2003
The optimal management of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) who have proximal subclavian artery stenosis (SAS) is not well established. SAS may lead to flow reversal through a patent in situ internal mammary artery graft, resulting in myocardial ischemia (coronary-subclavian steal). We review our experience in prevention and ...
Avorn Jerry - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Controversy persists concerning the potential association between intraoperative use of hetastarch (ie, hydroxyethyl starch [HES]) and postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing surgery. To determine whether intraoperative HES use is associated with an increased risk of postoperative bleeding following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: ...
Sunderdiek U - - 2003
Patients with significant risk factors are at increased risk of higher mortality and morbidity (9-16%) after CABG-procedures with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). When catheter interventions are not applicable and conventional CABG with CPB are considered to have an unacceptable perioperative risk, these patients (n=35) were scheduled for minimally invasive coronary artery ...
Kurki Tuula S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between preoperative risk factors and postoperative outcomes in emergency and elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients and to quantify resource requirements. DESIGN: Retrospective database review. SETTING: New York State SPARCS database. PARTICIPANTS: Data from 4,001 emergency and 7,489 elective CABG patients were evaluated retrospectively. ...
Luciani Nicola - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a well-established risk factor for coronary artery disease, and it is associated with an increased rate of early and late adverse events after myocardial revascularization by coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was done to evaluate the short-term and mid-term outcomes of type II ...
Bhatia J Y - - 2003
PURPOSE: Wound infection is an important cause of morbidity and occasional mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The aim of this study was to report postoperative wound infection in CABG surgery patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing CABG surgery between January 1998 and October 1999 have been studied. The ...
Casula R P - - 2003
AIM: Protocols for the earlier discharge of cardiac surgical patients are gaining popularity. We present our experience with an early hospital discharge policy following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on the fibrillating heart. METHODS: Three-hundred and ninety-two consecutive patients who underwent elective CABG by a single surgeon were retrospectively reviewed. ...
Bax Jeroen J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and viable myocardium may improve in function and prognosis following revascularization. Delayed revascularization may result in less favorable outcome, and therefore the impact of timing of revascularization on long-term outcome was evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (n=85) with ischemic cardiomyopathy and substantial viability (>or=25% of ...
Lund Christian - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass carries a significant risk of perioperative brain injury. At least 1% to 5% will suffer a stroke, and at 3-months postoperatively approximately 30% are reported to have cognitive impairment assessed by neuropsychologic testing. In off-pump surgery cardiopulmonary bypass is not used and ...
Hilker M - - 2003
This retrospective study evaluates perioperative results of 'Off-pump' coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) experience in a single center. Five hundred and seven patients were operated (median sternotomy) from 1998 to 2002 using OPCAB. Patient data were registered and risk prediction calculated using the full logistic version of EuroSCORE. Overall, 1091 ...
Bridges Charles R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Nonagenarians and centenarians are a rapidly growing segment of the population. No previous study has used a national database to compare outcomes in these patients to those of other groups undergoing cardiac surgical procedures. STUDY DESIGN: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database was used to review retrospectively 662,033 ...
Barnett Scott D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The octogenarian patient is often perceived as too fragile to undergo cardiothoracic surgery. Our study aimed to compare postoperative complications in patients aged less than 80 versus elderly patients (80 years or more) after surgical cardiac intervention (coronary artery bypass or valve replacement). METHODS: Subjects were all patients (n ...
Lee Chi Hang - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous myocardial revascularization (PMR) has emerged as a novel therapeutic strategy for patients with ischemic heart disease not amendable to traditional revascularization approaches. Despite the symptomatic improvement documented in clinical trials, underlying mechanism remains unknown. METHODS: We assessed the coronary angiograms of 25 patients before and 6 months after ...
Hirose Hitoshi - - 2003
To minimize sternal ischemia, skeletonized internal mammary artery (IMA) harvesting has been performed in the last few years. The benefits of skeletonization in high risk patients, such as diabetic patients undergoing bilateral IMA grafting, are unknown. A total of 99 patients underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using a ...
Muneretto Claudio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery should be the procedure of choice in total arterial myocardial revascularization with composite grafts. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 176 patients undergoing total arterial myocardial revascularization and assigned them at random to one of two groups: group 1 was composed of ...
Rankin Katherine P - - 2003
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can produce a higher incidence of neuropsychological complications than other types of highly invasive noncardiac vascular surgery. Cognitive complications most likely arise from either embolization or hypoxia. An alternative surgical procedure has been developed that allows CABG to be performed ...
Prifti Edvin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate in a cohort of patients with impaired left ventricular (LV) function and ischemic mitral valve regurgitation (MVR), the effects of on-pump/beating heart versus conventional surgery in terms of postoperative mortality and morbidity and LV function improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January ...
Hannan Edward L - - 2003
CONTEXT: Risk factors for perioperative mortality after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery have been extensively studied. However, which factors are associated with early readmissions following CABG surgery are less clear. OBJECTIVE: To identify significant predictors of readmission within 30 days following CABG surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Causes for ...
Sakamoto Hiroaki - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Although deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) after cardiac surgery is infrequent, its consequences are serious. The purposes of this study were to define the risk factors, and to establish the best surgical treatment for DSWI. METHODS: Retrospective analysis for 863 patients who underwent cardiac surgery was performed. The patients ...
Islamoglu Fatih - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to identify risk factors affecting mortality and morbidity in patients older than 75 years who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass. MATERIAL/METHODS: The preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative data of 116 patients older than 75 years who underwent isolated CABG from January 1997 ...
Selim Isbir C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The role of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction was evaluated. METHODS: Two hundred and twelve patients (152 men, 60 women; age 35 to 82, mean 55) with ejection fraction (EF) of less than 30% underwent CABG between January 1996 and February 2001 ...
Nuttall Gregory A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a difference between on-pump cardiopulmonary bypass (CABG) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) without heparin reversal with regard to bleeding, transfusion requirements, and incidence of surgical re-exploration of the mediastinum. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: A large academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred ...
Hata Mitsumasa - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have suggested that increased left ventricular (LV) size is a risk factor for perioperative mortality in patients with low ejection fraction (EF) undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). We previously presented a new method of LV reconstruction, called geometric endoventricular repair (GER) as representing a physiologically effective ...
Karabulut H - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: It was the purpose of our study to assess the validity of EuroSCORE (European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation) in our patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 1999 and August 2001, information on risk factors and mortality was collected for 1123 consecutive adult patients undergoing heart surgery ...
Murata Yoshihiro - - 2003
OBJECT: It has been reported that extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) arterial bypass surgery can be useful in preventing stroke in patients with hemodynamic compromise. Little is yet known, however, regarding the extent to which the bypass contributes to maintaining adequate cerebral blood oxygenation (CBO) and its temporal changes following surgery. The authors ...
Bridgewater Ben - - 2003
As a result of recent failures in clinical governance the government has made a commitment to bring individual surgeons' mortality data into the public domain. We have analysed a database to compare crude mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery with outcomes that were stratified by risk. Retrospective analysis of prospectively ...
Cotter Gad - - 2003
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of L-NAME (a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor) in the treatment of refractory cardiogenic shock. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 30 consecutive patients with refractory cardiogenic shock (systolic blood pressure that deteriorated progressively to <100 mmHg during an acute coronary syndrome despite maximal percutaneous coronary revascularization, ...
Li Tao-Sheng - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Local autologous bone marrow cell implantation (BMCI) can induce therapeutic angiogenesis. We evaluated the safety and feasibility of this treatment for ischemic heart disease. METHODS: The safety of BMCI was preclinically confirmed in dogs by giving a direct injection of either 2 x 10(7) bone marrow cells ...
Christenson Jan T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: High-risk patients would benefit the most of OPCAB revascularization. This prospective and randomized study evaluates the efficacy and safety of pre- and perioperative IABC in high-risk OPCAB. MATERIAL: Group A-IABC started prior to induction of anesthesia (n = 15); group B-no preoperative IABC (n = 15). Adult high-risk coronary ...
Landesberg Giora - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ischemia on thallium scanning is a strong predictor of long-term mortality in CAD patients. Whether coronary revascularization (CR) in patients with significant ischemia on preoperative thallium scanning (PTS) improves long-term survival after major vascular surgery has not been determined. METHODS AND RESULTS: The perioperative data, including PTS and subsequent ...
Djaiani George N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To establish the association between smoking and cognitive decline in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Referral center for cardiothoracic surgery at a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred seventeen patients undergoing CABG surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Based on preoperative data, patients were divided into 2 ...
Ghali William A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The authors have previously reported on Canada-wide outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery for 1992/93 through 1995/96. OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated Canada-wide CABG surgery outcome report with outcome data organized by province and by year for 1992/93 through 2000/01. METHODS: Hospital discharge abstract data were obtained ...
Selnes Ola A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is well recognized, but previous investigations have been limited by lack of an appropriate control group. We compared changes in cognitive performance at 3 and 12 months after CABG with those in a control group of patients with comparable risk factors ...
McAlister Finlay A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adequacy of perioperative glycemic control in diabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and to explore the association between glycemic control and in-hospital morbidity/mortality. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with diabetes undergoing CABG between April 2000 and March 2001 who ...
Bourque Jamieson MacDonald - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart failure is a significant source of morbidity and mortality, yet it has an unclear treatment strategy. The assessment of viable myocardium by nuclear imaging studies has shown promise in predicting improvements in ejection fraction and symptoms. However, the relationship of viability to long-term mortality has not been ...
Kuralay Erkan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The mortality and morbidity of aortic valve replacement (AVR) after prior coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) with patent left internal thoracic artery (LITA) is significant. The risk of LITA injury and inadequate myocardial preservation during the cross-clamp period may cause myocardial pump failure. METHODS: A total of 43 patients ...
Soffer Daniel - - 2003
Pretreatment with thienopyridines has been shown to improve clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We determine the impact of angina class on inhibition of platelet aggregation (IPA) following clopidogrel loading. Seventy-two patients (mean age, 64 +/- 11 years; 76% male) were pretreated with 450 mg of clopidogrel ...
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