Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1394
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Kothare Sanjeev V - - 2006
This single-center analysis evaluated the efficacy of oxcarbazepine monotherapy in children and adolescents. A retrospective chart review identified 60 patients (male=33, female=27) aged 6 months to 17.8 years (mean age 8.2+/-4.7 years) with partial onset epilepsy receiving oxcarbazepine monotherapy. The range of oxcarbazepine dose was 6-71 mg/kg/day (mean 26.3+/-11.4 mg/kg/day). ...
Martinez Walter - - 2006
This prospective, open-label, multicenter study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of oxcarbazepine as monotherapy in patients with partial seizures who switched from their current antiepileptic drug (AED) monotherapy because of lack of efficacy or poor tolerability. Patients (>or=12 years old) experiencing 2-40 seizures per month while receiving an AED were ...
Gallagher Siobhan - - 2006
Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is an acquired childhood aphasia associated with paroxysmal bitemporal electroencephalogram (EEG) abnormalities and, sometimes, clinical seizures. We report the case of a female aged 5 years 6 months who presented clinically with apparent hearing loss, deterioration in speech, and seizure activity over 12 days. The female had ...
Bauer J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of long-term add-on treatment with levetiracetam 1,000-4,000 mg/day. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label follow-up study, 505 patients, from 10 European countries, who had benefited from previous add-on treatment with levetiracetam in a clinical trial or compassionate-use program were enrolled; 274 (54.3%) ...
Lopes Camila F - - 2006
The extent of cortical maldevelopment might correlate with the severity of the clinical manifestation, such as cognitive delay or motor dysfunction. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical features of epilepsy in patients with unilateral and bilateral schizencephaly. We studied 44 consecutive patients with schizencephaly diagnosed by ...
Khalid Najeeb - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Methohexital used to be the preferred anesthetic used in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Since 1999, there have been supply problems for this drug, and there has been no clear guidance regarding which anesthetic should be used preferably in ECT. Most clinics use thiopental or propofol, although these drugs may increase ...
Kothare Sanjeev V - - 2006
Oxcarbazepine is indicated for use as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures in adults and children >or=4 years of age. The purpose of this retrospective chart review was to assess efficacy and tolerability of oxcarbazepine in children <or=4 years of age. A single-center retrospective chart review ...
Kwon Young-Se - - 2006
Infantile spasm is an age-related refractory epilepsy. Topiramate is a new anticonvulsant with multiple mechanisms of action, and it may be effective for treating pediatric epilepsies. To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of first-line topiramate treatment for infantile spasm, 20 patients received topiramate monotherapy during this study. They were treated ...
Mauro Anna Maria - - 2007
Early postoperative seizures are defined as those that appear within the first week after surgery and are a well-known and feared complication in patients with supratentorial brain tumors. Few studies have investigated the value of pharmacological prophylaxis in the prevention of postoperative seizures in these patients and their outcome has ...
Jansen Nathalie C - - 2006
Intellectual functioning (verbal, performance and full-scale IQ) in 43 children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) with chemotherapy-only was evaluated in a nationwide, prospective, sibling-controlled study. Intellectual assessment was performed at diagnosis and repeated shortly after cessation of 2 years treatment, including intrathecal and systemic chemotherapy. Using hierarchical regression analysis, ...
Sales L V - - 2006
We describe the relative frequency, clinical features, neuroimaging and pathological results, and outcome after pharmacological or surgical intervention for a series of pediatric patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) from an epilepsy center in Brazil. The medical records of children younger than 12 years with features strongly suggestive of TLE ...
Kuba R - - 2006
PURPOSE: The long-term efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) was analysed in 218 epilepsy patients. One hundred and ninety-nine patients were treated for at least 6 months. We evaluated LEV efficacy for all types of seizures together, and for simple partial, complex partial and secondary generalized seizures individually. RESULTS: A ...
Rychlicki Franco - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an effective alternative treatment for patients with partial refractory epilepsy. Nevertheless, information regarding VNS in children is still limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical efficacy, safety and neuropsychological effects of VNS in 34 children (mean age 11.5 years) with drug-resistant epilepsy were studied. Mean ...
Burneo Jorge G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several risk factors have been attributed to seizure recurrence after surgery. It is unknown whether race/ethnicity plays a role in outcome. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether race/ethnicity plays a role in seizure recurrence after surgery. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: We evaluated data obtained from the epilepsy centers at the University ...
Wilfong Angus A - - 2006
This case series presents the outcomes of seven females with Rett syndrome and medically refractory epilepsy who were treated with adjunctive vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy for a minimum of 12 months. Patients ranged in age from 1 to 14 years (median age 9 y) at the time of implantation, ...
Alexopoulos Andreas V - - 2006
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review our experience with VNS in pediatric patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy and examine the seizure-frequency outcome and rates of discontinuation in two age groups: adolescent and pre-adolescent children. RESULTS: Complete pre- and post-VNS data were available for 46/49 patients. Median age at implantation was 12.1 (range 2.3-17.9) ...
Chong Siow-Ann - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Polypharmacy is very common in the psychiatric setting despite the lack of evidence to justify its use. The objective of this study was to review the prescription patterns in a tertiary mental health institute in Asia and evaluate the impact of a treatment algorithm for patients with first-episode psychosis ...
Odebode T O - - 2006
We retrospectively analysed the impact of selected clinicopathological factors on visual and clinical outcome in patients with histologically verified cranial meningioma. The 60 patients analysed for tumour characteristics consisted of 32 females and 28 males (sex ratio 1.1:1) aged 9-77 years (mean 40 years) seen between 1977 and 1999 at ...
Ushuijima Yo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Treatment with donepezil improves cognitive function of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) when compared to a placebo-controlled group. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) of AD patients in short-term and long-term treatment with donepezil. METHODS: rCBF was measured by N-isopropyl-p-123I-iodoamphetamine ...
Akhondian Javad - - 2006
This study was performed in children aged <15 years, at the Pediatric Neurology Clinic of Imam Reza Hospital affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. The objective of this study was to recognize the main predisposing factors that result in uncontrolled seizures in patients so that we can start the ...
Iturriaga C - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical evolution of Niemann-Pick C disease to identify possible factors involved in the diagnosis and severity of the disease. METHODS: A clinical database and a severity scale was created to evaluate 45 patients diagnosed with Niemann-Pick type C in the last 28 years in Spain. RESULTS: ...
Specchio Luigi Maria - - 2006
PURPOSE: Patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) may be resistant or show adverse effects to valproate. We present a multicenter, prospective, long-term, open-label study evaluating the efficacy and safety of levetiracetam in JME. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed (10) or resistant/intolerant to previous AEDs JME (38) were enrolled. After a ...
Spugnini Enrico P - - 2007
Feline soft tissue sarcomas are spontaneous, rapidly growing, and aggressive neoplasms that mimic their human counterpart. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of electrochemotherapy (ECT) in an adjuvant fashion for the treatment of feline sarcomas, and the possibility of repeated treatments in the case ...
Jeha L E - - 2006
To assess short- and long-term seizure freedom, the authors reviewed 371 patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy to treat pharmacoresistant epilepsy. The mean follow-up duration was 5.5 years (range 1 to 14.1 years). Fifty-three percent of patients were seizure free at 10 years. The authors identified multiple predictors of recurrence. ...
Okumura Akihisa - - 2006
PURPOSE: We reviewed our experience with ACTH for the treatment of intractable generalized seizures other than spasms. METHODS: Efficacy and adverse effects of ACTH against intractable generalized seizures other than spasms were retrospectively investigated in 15 patients treated between 1991 and 2003. The median age of the patients at ACTH ...
Lee Sang-Ahm - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the factors, including those associated with ictal scalp EEG results, related to surgical outcome in patients with pathologically proven mesial temporal sclerosis. METHODS: We studied 51 consecutive patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy and had at least 4 years of follow-up. Surgical outcome was classified as being ...
Paraskevas George P - - 2006
We investigated the effects of add-on lamotrigine treatment on plasma glutamate (Glu) levels, in 29 epileptic patients. Plasma Glu levels were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography at baseline and at 1 and 3 months post-treatment. In patients with a seizure reduction of > or = 66% a decrease of Glu ...
Kaushal Sandeep S Department of Neurology, Dayanand Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India. - - 2006
It is now agreed that the prognosis of seizure disorder due to solitary cysticercus granuloma (SCG) is generally good. However, the choice antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) remain empirical, with no comparative trials of different AEDs being available. To determine the safety and efficacy (measured by the incidence of 'treatment failure') of ...
von Lehe M - - 2006
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to correlate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after surgery for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, as revealed by a postoperative screening tool, to different modalities of seizure outcome classification (Engel, International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE)). METHOD: One hundred twenty-eight of one hundred forty consecutive ...
Maschio Marta - - 2006
Epilepsy is a common clinical problem in patients with brain tumours, strongly affecting patients' quality of life. Tumour-related seizures are often difficult to control, and the clinical picture is complicated by frequent interactions between antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and antineoplastic agents. We studied the safety and efficacy of levetiracetam (LEV), a ...
Magaudda Adriana - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term evolution of Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD), especially concerning myoclonus, seizures, and EEG characteristics. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 20 patients (six women, 14 men; mean age, 37.9 years; range, 26-53 years) with ULD who had been closely followed up since the onset of the disease (mean age, ...
Rajesh Bhagavatheeswaran - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the efficacy of a yoga meditation protocol (YMP) as an adjunctive treatment in patients with drug-resistant chronic epilepsy. DESIGN: The design was a prospective, nonrandomized, open-label, add-on trial with a 12-week baseline period, followed by a 12-week supervised YMP administration phase. The frequency of ...
Kreyenbuhl Julie - - 2006
Treatment guidelines consider antipsychotic monotherapy the standard of care for patients with schizophrenia. However, previous studies have reported widely varying, and sometimes high, rates of antipsychotic polypharmacy. We identified 61,257 VA patients with schizophrenia in fiscal year 2000 who had >or=90 non-institutionalized days and one or more fills of antipsychotic ...
Prakash S - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of intravenous methyl prednisolone in patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma with new-onset seizures. METHODS: In this open-label, randomized, prospective, follow-up study, 52 patients with new-onset seizures and a single enhancing CT lesion of cysticercus were randomly divided in two groups to receive either intravenous methyl ...
Mani J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To estimate frequency and risk factors for acute postoperative seizures (APOS) within the first week after extratemporal cortical resection (ETR) and hemispherectomy (HS) in children and to assess the predictive value of APOS on long-term seizure outcome in this group. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of children ...
Cohen-Gadol Aaron A - - 2006
OBJECT: The authors reviewed the long-term outcome of focal resection in a large group of patients who had intractable partial nonlesional epilepsy, including mesial temporal lobe sclerosis (MTS), and who were treated consecutively at a single institution. The goal of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of epilepsy ...
Hamano Shin-ichiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the dosage and factors influencing efficacy of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) for West syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of 135 patients receiving ACTH therapy with a synthetic analogue for initial effect, seizure outcome 1 year after therapy, and adverse effects. Efficacy and adverse effects were compared among ...
Kim Lois G LG MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK. - - 2006
The MRC Multicentre trial for Early Epilepsy and Single Seizures (MESS) showed a reduced risk of further seizures in patients, for whom treatment with antiepileptic drugs was uncertain, who were randomly assigned immediate treatment compared with delayed treatment. However, there was no evidence of an effect on [corrected] long-term remission ...
Tellez-Zenteno J F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Adjustable, reversible therapies are needed for patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Electrical stimulation of the hippocampus has been proposed as a possible treatment for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). METHODS: Four patients with refractory MTLE whose risk to memory contraindicated temporal lobe resection underwent implantation of a chronic stimulating depth ...
Prashanth L K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) usually has a progressive stereotypic downhill course and results in premature death. Long-term stabilization or remission is exceptional. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the profile of patients with a relatively 'benign' course who survive beyond 3 years. DESIGN: Descriptive analysis of 19 (16 male, 3 females)/307 (6.2%) ...
Tosches William A - - 2006
The long-term effects of zonisamide as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy were investigated in patients with seizure disorders. One hundred twelve adult neurology patients treated with zonisamide were retrospectively identified through a chart review; 90 patients (n=45 monotherapy, n=45 adjunctive therapy) who received zonisamide for 3 months were included in the ...
Wilne S H SH Department of Paediatrics, Southampton General hospital, Southampton, - - 2006
To determine the presenting features of brain tumours in children. Retrospective case note review. Paediatric and neurosurgical services at the Wessex Neurology Centre and Southampton General Hospital, UK. 200 patients presenting with a CNS tumour between 1988 and 2001. The commonest first presenting symptoms were headache (41%), vomiting (12%), unsteadiness ...
Park Chul-Kee - - 2006
OBJECTS: We analyzed 30 patients with cortical dysplasia (CD) and epilepsy to evaluate the clinical characteristics and surgical outcome of both epilepsy control and neurocognition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mean ages at seizure onset and at the time of the operation were 3.6 years (range, 1 month-12.6 years) and 10.3 ...
Andrade D M - - 2006
The authors describe long-term follow-up (mean, 5 years) in patients with anterior (AN) (n = 6) or centromedian (n = 2) thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) for epilepsy. Five patients (all AN) had > or = 50% seizure reduction, although benefit was delayed in two until years 5 to 6, ...
Aktekin Berrin - - 2006
We aimed to assess the relapse rate of epilepsy, prospectively attributable to antiepileptic drug (AED) withdrawal in seizure-free patients and to determine the risk factors for seizure recurrence. Seventy-nine patients with epilepsy who were seizure-free for at least 4 years were enrolled into the study. The AEDs were tapered by ...
Mohanraj R - - 2006
Diagnosing refractory epilepsy would facilitate referral for specialist pharmacological review and early consideration of epilepsy surgery. An outcomes study was undertaken in an unselected cohort of newly diagnosed patients to determine the number of antiepileptic drug (AED) regimens needed to be failed before the epilepsy could be designated as pharmacoresistant. ...
Verma A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The duration of antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy in cases of solitary cerebral cysticercus granuloma (SCCG) presents a major dilemma and the efficacy of short-term (6 months) vs long-term (2 years) AED therapy has been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective randomized study of short-term vs long-term AED treatment with SCCG ...
O'Brien Donncha F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This current study was performed to evaluate whether superficial cerebral haemosiderosis (SCH) is still a complication of modern day anatomical hemispherectomy. METHODS: We report a 13-year institutional experience with anatomical hemispherectomy for intractable epilepsy. Seizure control at a mean follow-up interval of 7 years was 83%. Though one patient ...
De Almeida Antonio Nogueira - - 2006
Anatomical hemispherectomy has been used for the treatment of seizures since 1938. However, it was almost abandoned in the 1960s after reports of postoperative fatalities caused by hydrocephalus, hemosiderosis, and trivial head traumas. Despite serious complications, the remarkable improvement of patients encouraged authors to carry out modifications on anatomical hemispherectomy ...
Lin Haung-Chi - - 2006
To study the efficacy of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) in treating Taiwanese children with West syndrome (WS) and the impact on long-term prognosis, 66 patients with WS (54 symptomatic and 12 cryptogenic) were collected from 1987 to 1998 in a medical center in Taiwan. A total of 53 patients were enrolled ...
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