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Results 151 - 200 of 1394
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Marras Carlo Efisio - - 2010
Peri-insular hemispherotomy is a disconnective procedure that enables functional isolation of single or multiple epileptogenic regions largely involving one hemisphere. This report is based on a consecutive series of 13 pediatric patients affected by refractory hemispheric epilepsy studied and operated on at the Neurological Institute "C. Besta" of Milan. In ...
Arhan Ebru - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an effective therapy for pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Nevertheless, information regarding the long-term outcome of VNS in children is limited. AIM: To describe the long-term outcome of VNS in patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy treated at the Gazi University Medical Faculty Epilepsy Center, Turkey. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Modur Pradeep N - - 2010
In this retrospective study of institutionalized patients with mental retardation, we present the efficacy and safety of sequential treatment with intrarectal diazepam (IRD) gel (Diastat) and intravenous levetiracetam (IVL) in comparison with either treatment alone for acute repetitive or prolonged seizures (ARPS). We defined ARPS as >or=3 seizures of any ...
Limbrick David D - - 2009
OBJECT: Hemispherotomy generally is performed in hemiparetic patients with severe, intractable epilepsy arising from one cerebral hemisphere. In this study, the authors evaluate the efficacy of hemispherotomy and present an analysis of the factors influencing seizure recurrence following the operation. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective review of 49 patients ...
Camfield Carol S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To document the long-term evolution of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) in a population-based cohort. METHODS: All patients developing JME by 16 years of age in Nova Scotia between 1977 and 1985 were contacted in 2006-2008. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients (17 women) had JME, 3.5% of all childhood-onset epilepsy. Age at ...
Sillanp?? Matti - - 2009
We determined if time to first remission predicts long-term antiepileptic drug response. We assessed time to first 1-year remission (1YR) as a determinant of entering future terminal 5-year remission (5YTR) in a population-based cohort of 144 children prospectively followed-up since their first unprovoked seizure before the age of 16 years ...
Naidech Andrew M - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are few data on the effectiveness and side effects of antiepileptic drug therapy after intracerebral hemorrhage. We tested the hypothesis that antiepileptic drug use is associated with more complications and worse outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 98 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and recorded ...
Elliott Robert E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the work described here was to assess the efficacy and safety of vagus nerve stimulation in a cohort of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex with refractory epilepsy. Furthermore, we examined the impact of vagus nerve stimulation failure on the ultimate outcome following subsequent intracranial epilepsy surgery. ...
Tan H L - - 2009
An ideal anaesthetic for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) should have rapid onset and offset with no effect on seizure duration, and provide cardiovascular stability during the procedure. Propofol is commonly used, even though it has been shown to shorten seizure duration which might affect the efficacy of ECT Etomidate has been ...
Benifla Mony - - 2009
OBJECT: The authors undertook this study to review their experience with cortical resections in the rolandic region in children with intractable epilepsy. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records obtained in 22 children with intractable epilepsy arising from the rolandic region. All patients underwent preoperative electroencephalography (EEG), MR imaging, ...
Chen Kwang-Ming KM Guam Memorial Hospital, University of Guam Aging Studies Institute, Guam. - - 2009
This report describes an unprecedented malpractice litigation on a neurology case. A young woman developed multiple complications after a simple hysterectomy: pan-peritonitis, post-op deep coma with hypotension, generalized anasarca, hyponatremia, hemolysis, cerebral hypoxia and renal shutdown requiring dialysis and multiple-unit blood transfusions. She survived 43 days in Neuro-ICU, and was ...
Oz O??uzhan - - 2009
Some recent studies indicated that administration of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is associated with occlusive vascular diseases. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor and increased plasma ADMA levels are associated with cardiovascular morbidity. We hypothesized that elevated plasma ADMA concentrations exist in patients receiving AEDs and ...
Yu Hsiang-Yu - - 2009
PURPOSE: IQ tests are frequently used in the preoperative neuropsychological assessment of candidates for anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL). We reviewed IQ test results and surgery outcomes to evaluate the roles of IQ tests in the preoperative work-up. METHODS: A total of 205 adult patients who had undergone ATL and whose ...
Kostov Konstantin - - 2009
The long-term effects of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) on seizure frequency were studied in 30 patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Median observation time was 52 months (17-123). The effect parameters investigated were total number of seizures and different seizure types. The median reduction in number of seizures was 60.6%. The effects ...
Yasuda Clarissa Lin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The reasons for surgical failure in 30% of patients with unilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) are still unclear. We investigated if different outcomes could be associated to different patterns of subtle gray matter atrophy (GMA) and white matter atrophy (WMA), and searched for postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Brandt Christian - - 2009
Pregabalin (PGB) is a newer antiepileptic drug (AED) licensed as add-on treatment for partial epilepsy in adults. Efficacy and safety have been proven in several controlled clinical studies. These trials, however, only partially reflect clinical practice. Retention rate has been established as a marker for efficacy and safety of AEDs ...
Ramos-Lizana J - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate response to sequential treatment schedules and risk of development of refractory epilepsy in childhood. METHODS: All children younger than 14 years with two or more unprovoked seizures seen at our hospital between 1994 and 2004 were included and prospectively followed. "Seizure control" was defined as a 2-year ...
Choi Kyu-Sun - - 2009
Although prophylactic antiepileptic drug (AED) use in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a common practice, lack of uniform definitions and guidelines for seizures and AEDs rendered this prescription more habitual instead of evidence-based manner. We herein evaluated the incidence and predictive factors of seizure and complications about AED ...
Elsharkawy Alaa Eldin - - 2009
AIM OF THE STUDY: To find determinants of quality of life (QOL) in long-term follow-up after temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery in adults. METHODS: The QOLIE-31 questionnaire was sent to 400 of 524 patients who were operated on for refractory TLE between 1991 and 2003 in the Bethel Epilepsy Centre ...
Guangming Zhang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Corticoamygdalohippocampectomy (anterior temporal lobe resection plus amygdalohippocampectomy) is common in epilepsy surgery. Pre- and postoperative psychiatric disorders occurred sometimes in patients with refractory medial TLE. We want to know if CAH has an affirmative effect on the psychiatric symptom of patients with medial TLE through a quantitative method. METHODS: ...
Franzoni Emilio - - 2009
Following a previous preliminary report on a group of children suffering from partial epilepsies, we present the final considerations on the same group in order to evaluate the long-term efficacy, tolerability and safety of oxcarbazepine (OXC). We enrolled 36 patients (mean age 8.5), between January 2003 and December 2004, with ...
Kerling Frank - - 2009
Discontinuation of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is one reason patients undergo epilepsy surgery, but little is known about the risk of seizure recurrence. We describe a prospective pilot study of withdrawal performed at our epilepsy center. Sixty completely seizure-free patients were included between 1997 and 2003. AED withdrawal was proposed 1 ...
Stern John M - - 2009
Choosing the most appropriate treatment for a patient with epilepsy depends on complicated and critical decisions. The number of treatment options has become large, and evidence of effectiveness for each treatment continues to expand. To address this problem, numerous guidelines have been produced by several societies and organizations. However, the ...
Yang Tzu-Ming - - 2009
OBJECT: Seizures are an important neurological complication of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). A better understanding of the risk factors of seizures following ICH is needed to predict which patients will require treatment. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-three adult patients were enrolled in this 1-year retrospective study. Multiple logistic regression was ...
Tan Gabriel G Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. - - 2009
About one third of patients with epilepsy do not benefit from medical treatment. For these patients electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback is a viable alternative. EEG biofeedback, or neurofeedback, normalizes or enhances EEG activity by means of operant conditioning. While dozens of scientific reports have been published on neurofeedback for seizure disorder, ...
Chassagnon S - - 2009
A combination of temporo-limbic hyperperfusion and extratemporal hypoperfusion was observed during complex partial seizures (CPS) in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). To investigate the clinical correlate of perfusion changes in TLE, we analyzed focal seizures of increasing severity using voxel-based analysis of ictal SPECT. We selected 26 pre-operative pairs of ictal-interictal ...
Cho Yang-Je - - 2009
To evaluate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of topiramate (TPM) as add-on therapy in patients with refractory partial epilepsy. This is a retrospective, single-center, long-term observational study. Patients fulfilling the criteria of medical intractability proposed by Berg et al. were entered into the study if they were newly prescribed TPM ...
Yen Der-Jen - - 2009
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) in treating temporal lobe epilepsy, GKS was performed in four adult patients with recurrent complex partial seizures who underwent incomplete anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) but were reluctant to undergo a second resective surgery. A marginal dose of 24.5-25Gy, corresponding ...
Elsharkawy Alaa Eldin - - 2009
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery and potential risk factors for seizure recurrence after surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study included 434 consecutive adult patients who underwent TLE surgery at Bethel Epilepsy Centre between 1991 and 2002. RESULTS: Hippocampal ...
Del Felice Alessandra - - 2010
PURPOSE: To count patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy entering early and late remission and to identify prognostic predictors of late remission. METHODS: Children and adults with previously untreated epilepsy from two Italian tertiary centers (Monza, Bari) were the study population. All patients received monotherapy at treatment start; drug choice and ...
Alving Jørgen - - 2009
Inpatient long-term video-EEG monitoring (LTM) is an important diagnostic tool for patients with seizures and other paroxysmal behavioural events. The main referral categories are diagnosis (epileptic versus non-epileptic disorder), seizure classification and presurgical evaluation. The diagnostic usefulness of the LTM varies considerably (19-75%) depending on how this was defined and ...
Wang Haiyang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy has been widely recognized as an effective alternative for the treatment of refractory epilepsy. However, the precise mechanism of VNS is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to observe the long-term interictal EEG changes induced by VNS, and to investigate the probable ...
Zhang Yi-Chen - - 2009
We followed 103 patients for 6-16 months after discharge from elective long-term video/EEG monitoring to compare clinical outcomes and quality of life between patients diagnosed with epileptic (ES) and those diagnosed with psychogenic nonepileptic (PNES) seizures. Outcome measures determined at telephone or mail follow-up included seizure frequency, antiepileptic drug use, ...
Riikonen Raili S - - 2010
The following aspects are reviewed: Does the aetiology influence the outcome of infantile spasms? Does the treatment influence the outcome? Can the outcome be predicted? Can we improve the prognosis? Favourable factors are the following: cryptogenic aetiology, age at onset > or =4 months, absence of atypical spasms and partial ...
Cohen-Sadan S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long-term follow-up of children with idiopathic West syndrome (WS) treated with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) or vigabatrin. METHODS: Records of 28 normal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) WS cases were reviewed for seizure development and cognitive outcome in relation to treatment type and lag. RESULTS: Average age at disease ...
Boon Paul - - 2009
Despite the advent of new pharmacological treatments and the high success rate of many surgical treatments for epilepsy, a substantial number of patients either do not become seizure-free or they experience major adverse events (or both). Neurostimulation-based treatments have gained considerable interest in the last decade. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) ...
Elsharkawy A E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term seizure outcome and to find predictors of outcome after epilepsy surgery in lesional posterior cortical epilepsies (PCEs). METHODS: The operative outcome in 80 consecutive adult patients with lesional PCEs who underwent resective surgery for intractable partial epilepsy ...
Lee Eun Mi - - 2009
This study was to explore the relationship between scalp ictal EEG patterns and interictal hypometabolic patterns in hippocampal sclerosis-associated mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (HS-MTLE) and determine the clinical significance of interictal hypometabolic patterns. Twenty-five patients were classified into 2 groups based on initial ictal discharge (IID) frequency on scalp EEG: ...
Asano Eishi E Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, 3901 Beaubien Street, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2009
Since prediction of long-term seizure outcome using preoperative diagnostic modalities remains suboptimal in epilepsy surgery, we evaluated whether interictal spike frequency measures obtained from extraoperative subdural electrocorticography (ECoG) recording could predict long-term seizure outcome. This study included 61 young patients (age 0.4-23.0 years), who underwent extraoperative ECoG recording prior to ...
Shinde Akiyo - - 2009
Eleven years after a brief visit to some European countries, a 48-year-old Japanese man developed writing difficulty, irritability and general fatigue. Then he complained of dysesthetic pains in his legs, for which benzodiazepines were prescribed. However, at the time pulvinar sign was retrospectively confirmed on brain MRI. Eighteen months after ...
Marinas Ainhoa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of zonisamide (ZNS) for the treatment of idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs). METHODS: Thirteen patients with different types of IGEs who were treated with ZNS between the years 2006 and 2008 were identified. Efficacy and tolerability were assessed ...
Mikati Mohamad A - - 2009
AIM: Assess quality-of-life after vagal nerve stimulation and determine patient characteristics associated with improvement in quality-of-life. METHODS: Sixteen patients (11 children, 5 adults) who had vagal nerve stimulation at our center were studied. Quality-of-life was assessed pre- and post-vagal nerve stimulation using the Quality-of-Life in Childhood Epilepsy questionnaire for children ...
Souza-Oliveira Cecília - - 2009
PURPOSE: In the present study, we evaluated the preoperative demographic, clinical, and neuropsychological variables that could predict postoperative seizure outcome in a group of pediatric epileptic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 40 consecutive pediatric patients, ages ranging from 6 to 16 years, that underwent resective surgery for the treatment ...
Muzykewicz David A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of the low glycemic index treatment (LGIT) in pediatric epilepsy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients initiating the LGIT at the Massachusetts General Hospital between January 2002 and June 2008. Demographic and clinical information including seizure type, baseline seizure ...
Tanriverdi Taner - - 2009
OBJECT: The authors report long-term follow-up seizure outcome in patients who underwent corpus callosotomy during the period 1981-2001 at the Montreal Neurological Institute. METHODS: The records of 95 patients with a minimum follow-up of 5 years (mean 17.2 years) were retrospectively evaluated with respect to seizure, medication outcomes, and prognostic ...
Ledet Davonna S DS Division of Neurology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. - - 2010
Congenital acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a relatively rare disorder that is characterized by frequent central nervous system involvement that may increase the risk for seizures. Appropriate choice of anticonvulsant therapy with respect to ongoing oncologic treatment is not established in this age group. We report the case of a ...
Lim Daniel A - - 2009
Seizures are common in patients with gliomas, and phenytoin (PHT) is frequently used to control tumor-related seizures. PHT, however, has many undesirable side effects (SEs) and drug interactions with glioma chemotherapy. Levetiracetam (LEV) is a newer antiepileptic drug (AED) with fewer SEs and essentially no drug interactions. We performed a ...
Nakamura Katsuya - - 2009
The clinical effect of the GABAergic drug gabapentin was evaluated in 11 patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6). The total period of gabapentin treatment was 4 weeks, and outcome measures were determined with the International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scales (ICARS) and postural sway studies. At week 4, 5 patients ...
Sillanpää Matti - - 2009
In clinical practice, it is important to predict as soon as possible after diagnosis and starting treatment, which children are destined to develop medically intractable seizures and be at risk of increased mortality. In this study, we determined factors predictive of long-term seizure and mortality outcome in a population-based cohort ...
Squitti R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Serum copper not bound to ceruloplasmin ("free") appears slightly elevated in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). We explored whether a deregulation of the free copper pool can predict AD clinical worsening. METHODS: We assessed levels of copper, iron, zinc, transferrin, ceruloplasmin, peroxides, total antioxidant capacity, free copper, and apolipoprotein ...
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