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Results 351 - 400 of 1016
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Miller Bruce S - - 2007
High tibial osteotomy has become an accepted treatment for patients with varus degenerative arthritis of the knee. We sought to determine factors associated with patient satisfaction and functional outcome following medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy for the degenerative varus knee. Sixty-one patients (14 women and 47 men) undergoing medial ...
Boyd Devon J - - 2007
The progression of osteoarthritis and clinical function in 29 dogs at least 1 year after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy was evaluated. A previously reported radiographic scoring system was used by 3 investigators to evaluate preoperative and postoperative radiographs for evidence of stifle osteoarthritis. The combined scores were then used to ...
Maltese Giovanni - - 2007
Metopic synostosis, apart from the pointed forehead, typically is characterized by hypotelorism with egg-shaped orbits on cephalography and the frontoorbital axis parallel or even converging superiorly. The frontoorbital axis angle is a novel parameter for analyzing and describing the orientation of the orbits. Current methods of surgery often result in ...
Lee Daniel K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Forefoot adduction is the most common residual deformity in the treatment of pediatric clubfoot. Little documentation exists regarding its late occurrence and early detection. A retrospective analysis was conducted to determine the effect of primary posterior medial release for idiopathic clubfoot that had failed to improve with conservative treatment ...
Kasten P - - 2007
Treatment by continuous passive movement at home is an alternative to immobilisation in a cast after surgery for club foot. Compliance with the recommended treatment, of at least four hours daily, is unknown. The duration of treatment was measured in 24 of 27 consecutive children with a mean age of ...
Hefti Fritz - - 2007
The aim of the study was to find out whether or not there is consensus among experienced pediatric orthopaedists about the management of certain clinical scenarios in Legg-Calvé-Perthes' disease. A questionnaire was sent to all 297 members of the European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society (EPOS) describing four cases of Legg-Calvé-Perthes' disease ...
Galluch David B - - 2007
Metatarsalgia is a common source of patient discomfort and has multiple etiologies. Lesser metatarsal osteotomy is a recognized treatment modality for persistent symptoms after conservative care, yet the location and type of osteotomy remain highly debated topics. The current investigation reports the initial results regarding midshaft, segmental osteotomy of the ...
Haslam Paul - - 2007
Forty patients with 51 knee arthroplasties after high tibial osteotomy were compared with a matched group of patients with primary knee arthroplasties. Patients were matched according to length of follow-up, age, sex, prosthetic design, and surgeon. At an average of 12.6 years, the patients were reviewed and assessed clinically using ...
McCarthy James J - - 2007
This is a retrospective review of 25 tibial osteotomies (in 19 patients) performed with either acute or gradual correction to determine the outcome of treatment and incidence of neurovascular complications. Patients undergoing gradual correction had fewer neurovascular complications and greater correction than those undergoing acute correction (27 degrees vs. 18 ...
Chang Yoon-Hee - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Since Kestenbaum and Anderson, several ophthalmologists have reported the results of different surgical procedures, for abnormal head posture in infantile nystagmus. In this study, we tried to evaluate the surgical results of Parks' original 5-6-7-8 mm modified Kestenbaum procedure and our own 6-7-6-7 mm modified Kestenbaum procedure, ...
Lee Sang Ki - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of intra-articular dorsal wedge osteotomy and absorbable pin fixation for the treatment of Freiberg disease. From January of 1997, to July of 2003, 12 patients with symptomatic Freiberg disease had intra-articular dorsal wedge osteotomy through the affected metatarsal head fixed ...
Angle Anne D - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the transverse displacement of the proximal segment and its association with horizontal relapse post-treatment. METHODS: Retrospective study of 25 patients (10 males, 15 females) who underwent bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) advancement and Le Fort I osteotomy with rigid internal fixation (RIF) using bicortical lag screws. Posteroanterior ...
Tóth Kálmán - - 2007
The aims of this study were to determine the severity of metatarsalgia of the second through fifth rays after shortening of the first ray for correction of hallux valgus deformity and patient satisfaction of the cosmetic results. Two hundred and forty metatarsal osteotomies (Wilson osteotomy as modified by Lindgren and ...
Bernstein Peter - - 2007
In residual hip dysplasia periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) can improve insufficient coverage of the femoral head. It requires a broad dissection of the pelvic bones and detachment of muscle insertions, however. We have developed a modification of the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy with reduced soft tissue exposure. It uses two small skin ...
Brouwer R W - - 2007
Patients with unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee can be treated with a correction osteotomy. The goal of the correction osteotomy is to transfer the load bearing from the pathologic to the normal compartment of the knee. A successful outcome of the osteotomy relies on proper patient selection, stage of osteoarthritis, ...
Manner Hans Michael - - 2007
Circular external fixators have several advantages over other surgical options in the treatment of limb length discrepancy and axial deformity. The innovative Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF) combines a rigid hexapod fixation system with the support of a web-based software program, and thus offers the possibility of simultaneous corrections of multidirectional ...
Kennedy John G - - 2006
Metatarsalgia of the central ray is a major surgical challenge. Without precise correction, transfer lesions may occur at an adjacent metatarsal or patients may have inadequate pain relief. Current surgical treatment strategies do not facilitate precise positioning in different planes, resulting in disappointing outcomes. To achieve better outcomes we used ...
Benegas Eduardo - - 2007
Among the complications of 2-part fractures of the upper end of the humerus, little attention has been paid to the treatment of the varus malunion. However, this deformity frequently causes pain and disability of the shoulder. To improve this condition, we treated this malunion with a valgus wedge osteotomy. From ...
Srirangam Shalom J - - 2006
PURPOSE: To analyze the long-term results in patients undergoing extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for Peyronie's disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients treated with ESWT (3000 shockwaves on a Storz Minilith SL lithotripter) for Peyronie's disease were included. The mean disease duration prior to treatment was 23.2 months (range 4-60 months). Penile ...
Feldman David S - - 2006
The purpose was to assess the accuracy of deformity correction achieved in patients with tibia vara using acute intraoperative correction compared with gradual postoperative correction. Acute correction (AC) group consisted of 14 patients (14 tibiae) with a mean age of 11.4 years and whose tibia vara was corrected acutely and ...
Agrawal Deepak - - 2006
OBJECT: A number of studies have shown good short-term cosmetic outcomes following surgery for isolated sagittal craniosynostosis. Whether the improvement in head shape persists in the longer- term is less clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term anthropometric outcomes following surgery for isolated sagittal craniosynostosis. METHODS: ...
Meisami Tina - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether orthognathic surgical procedures create significant objective postoperative airway compromise or edema. STUDY DESIGN: A pilot magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study was performed on 10 patients undergoing orthognathic surgical procedure to determine the time of maximum postoperative swelling, optimum time for ...
Fridman Marcos William - - 2007
A series of 50 patients with 71 clubfeet treated surgically was evaluated after exclusion of individuals with associated malformations, syndromes, neurological disorders, previous surgery and age over 30 months at the time of the surgical procedure. They underwent soft-tissue releases that addressed all the components of the deformity, including, when ...
Aoki Y - - 2006
We compared the results ten years after an inverted V-shaped high tibial osteotomy with those of a historical series of conventional closing-wedge osteotomies. The closing-wedge series consisted of 56 knees in 51 patients with a mean follow-up of 11 years (10 to 15). The inverted V-shaped osteotomy was evaluated in ...
Koëter Sander - - 2007
Trochlear dysplasia is a predisposing factor for recurrent patellar instability. We evaluated the results of an anterior lateral femoral condyle open wedge osteotomy for treating patellar instability. A total of 16 consecutive patients (19 knees) with symptoms of recurrent patellar instability and trochlear dysplasia identified using a true lateral radiograph ...
Hattori H - - 2007
A retrospective study of 34 feet from 20 consecutive patients with rheumatoid arthritis was performed to investigate the development of damage to the hallux over 5 years after forefoot resection arthroplasty. Radiographically we analysed changes in two valgus angles and the interphalangeal joint (IP) damage of the hallux. These parameters ...
Steensma Matthew R - - 2006
Historically, operative treatment of hallux claw toe deformity has been the Jones procedure or one of its modifications. Review of the literature confirms its ability to maintain alignment and achieve patient satisfaction; however, several complications have been reported. Many of these are related to altered biomechanics across the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) ...
Wang Jichang - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to develop a new type of osteotomy for advancement genioplasty to decrease the incidence of neurosensory disturbance of the chin. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Forty-six patients who suffered from a slight or moderate degree of microgenia received a sagittal curving osteotomy for advancement ...
Peters Christopher L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Most reports on the results of the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip have been by the originators of the procedure. In 1997, we began to use this osteotomy without direct training from the originators of the procedure. METHODS: Seventy-three patients (eighty-three hips) ...
Sen Cengiz - - 2007
We evaluated the results of polygonal triple (Kotz) osteotomy for the treatment of acetabular dysplasia over 10 years. This study included 31 hips of 27 patients who had the Kotz osteotomy for acetabular dysplasia. The mean age was 21.5 years. We performed the original Kotz osteotomy for the first 22 ...
Ueki Koichiro - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to objectively evaluate hypoesthesia of the upper lip following Le Fort I osteotomy in combination with mandibular osteotomy with trigeminal somatosensory evoked potential (TSEP). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subjects consisted of 25 patients with mandibular prognathism with maxillary retrognathism mandibular prognathism with or ...
Sanhudo José Antonio Veiga - - 2006
Hallux valgus is one of the most common foot deformities in women. Despite the large number of techniques described for hallux valgus correction, there has been much controversy regarding the best procedure to use, especially for severe deformities. Proximal osteotomies have long been done for severe deformities; however, diaphyseal osteotomies ...
Vienne Patrick - - 2006
Symptomatic tailor's bunion is a painful osseous and soft-tissue prominence at the lateral aspect of the fifth metatarsal head. If conservative treatment fails, surgery is necessary to correct the deformity and to relieve the symptoms. The "Coughlin" procedure is an established corrective diaphyseal realignment osteotomy. The purpose of this study ...
Arvinte Dan - - 2006
More than 130 surgical procedures have been described to treat hallux valgus deformity. The "spike" first distal metatarsal osteotomy was first described by Gibson and Piggott in 1962. Despite having the advantage of using only patient's "material", this technique has been abandoned by most orthopaedic surgeons, due to fear of ...
Viskontas Darius G - - 2006
High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is used to treat medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee in active patients with varus alignment. In this study we review the clinical and radiographic outcomes associated with the Taylor Spatial Frame (Smith & Nephew), and its use in HTOs, and we include an illustrative case ...
Mittal D - - 2006
A distal metatarsal osteotomy with soft tissue correction is a frequently performed operation to correct mild to moderate hallux valgus deformity. This is a prospective study of 28 feet in 25 patients who underwent spike osteotomy of the first metatarsal with medial capsulorraphy for symptomatic hallux valgus. The osteotomy is ...
Mittal D - - 2006
Nineteen patients (27 feet) with symptomatic hallux valgus who underwent modified McBride procedure were studied prospectively. The outcome measures included preoperative and postoperative American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society's Hallux Metatarsophalangeal-Interphalangeal scoring, weight-bearing radiographs, and pedobarography using the EMED-SF*6 System. The average patient age was 49.7 years, and all patients ...
Hart W J - - 2006
We present a consecutive series of 24 adolescent and young adult patients who have undergone a triple pelvic osteotomy as treatment for symptomatic developmental dysplasia of the hip. With a mean duration of follow-up of 6.5 years (range 2 -16 years) we report good improvements with regard to pain and ...
Kato Yoshiharu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A few studies have reported the relation between the atlantoaxial (C1/2) angle and cervical alignment (C2-C7) angle after a Magerl and Brooks (M&B) surgical procedure to treat atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, no study has examined an optimum preoperative C1/2 angle reduction. We aimed ...
Kim Yong-Il - - 2006
The germination rate and longevity of seeds of Gastrodia elata Blume have been observed for 48 weeks using Mycena osmundicola strain H-21, one of fungi stimulating seed germination. Storage condition of post-harvest seeds was observed in the different temperature ranges of -30℃, -5℃, 5℃ and 30℃ for 48 weeks. After ...
Dick, RK; ;
<B>Background</B>: Congenital clubhand has severe functional and aesthetic impact and requires complex cares.<BR><BR><B>Patients and Methods</B>: From 1990-2004, a retrospective study of 29 congenital clubhands (20 patients) was performed at Yopougon teaching hospital and Don Orione Center, Bonoua, Côte d'ivoire. Data obtained from their hospital records reviewed. Radial and ulnar clubhands ...
Papachristou G - - 2006
We have investigated, in a prospective study, the outcome of a valgus osteotomy of the tibia in patients less than 60 years of age with arthrosis of the medial compartment and a varus angle of no more than 177.7 degrees . Included in the study were 44 high tibial osteotomies ...
Spencer Samantha - - 2006
Pistol grip deformity of the femoral head-neck junction and slipped capital femoral epiphysis can cause anterior impingement leading to pain, cartilage damage and eventual osteoarthritis. Osteoplasty of this metaphyseal prominence, with or without concomitant intertrochanteric osteotomy, using a surgical dislocation approach, can effectively treat this problem. Clinical and radiographic outcomes ...
Kobayashi Akiko - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study investigated neurosensory disturbances in patients after orthognathic surgery in relation to differences in mandibular splitting methods and degree of surgical skill. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients who had undergone bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomies (SSRO), and 21 (group L) who had undergone intraoral inverted L ramus osteotomies ...
Habata Takashi - - 2006
It is widely accepted that high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an effective surgical treatment for medial gonarthrosis. However, long-term follow-up studies have revealed that the clinical results deteriorate over time and varus deformity often recurs. We performed barrel-vault osteotomy in HTO with a correction angle that did not cause arthritic ...
Benkeblia Noureddine - - 2006
The objective of this study was to report on the variation of DP 6 isomers (6b, 6c + 6d1 + 6d2), 7a, 8, and 9-12 fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and their hydrolysis parameters [percent hydrolysis, consumption rate, hydrolysis rate constant (k(obsd)), and half-life time (t(1/2))] in onion bulb tissues stored for 6 ...
Robinson Duane A - - 2006
To assess the relationship between postoperative tibial plateau angle (TPA) and ground reaction forces (GRFs) in Labrador Retrievers at least 4-months after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) surgery. A retrospective longitudinal study. Thirty-two Labrador Retrievers with unilateral cranial cruciate ligament disease that had TPLO and concurrent meniscal surgery. TPA and ...
Nagashima Masakazu - - 2007
To preserve the function of metatarsophalangeal joints and to ensure forefoot stability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we performed a modified Hohmann method for hallux valgus (HV) and telescoping osteotomy of lesser toe deformities instead of fusion of HV or resection of all metatarsal heads. From October 1995 through ...
Kataoka, Hideo
The cross-sectional area of the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius was measured on both sides in 10 patients with hemilateral Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD). We used CT scans at the level of the anterior superior apine of the iliac. The area ratio of the affected versus the unaffected side was calculated. ...
Ezoe Masamitsu - - 2006
We measured muscle strength after curved periacetabular osteotomy, one form of abductor-sparing periacetabular osteotomy, and then investigated the factors influencing postoperative muscle strength recovery. Curved periacetabular osteotomy was performed for acetabular dysplasia on 24 hips in 22 patients. All patients were females, with a mean age of 34.4 years. We ...
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