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Results 251 - 300 of 1016
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Nikolaou Vassilios S - - 2009
We hypothesised that the use of bioabsorbable pins in Mitchell's osteotomy would improve the outcome of patients treated for hallux valgus deformity. A total of 68 patients underwent Mitchell's osteotomy to correct hallux valgus deformity: 33 patients (group A) underwent Mitchell's osteotomy augmented with bioabsorbable pins and 35 patients were ...
Kim Sung-Jae - - 2009
High tibial osteotomy is a realignment procedure to transfer weight-bearing load to the intact compartment of the knee to alleviate symptoms, slow disease progression, and defer subsequent total knee arthroplasty. To prevent overcorrection or undercorrection, it is not only important to have an exact preoperative calculation of the desired correction ...
Hao Chou-kuan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationship between the height of osteotomy and the correction of the kyphotic angle during posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation and the spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach in thoracolumbar kyphosis, and using this ...
Heck Robert K RK - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Progressive valgus deformity after proximal tibial metaphyseal fractures in pediatric patients has been well described, although the pathophysiology is not clear. We performed a retrospective study to evaluate the occurrence of progressive tibia valga after curettage of benign bone lesions of the tibia. METHODS: During a 6-year period, we ...
Calvo Alberto - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine if the relative length of the first metatarsal and the proximal phalanx of the hallux, in respect to the total foot length, were associated with the incidence of hallux rigidus. For this retrospective study, lateral radiographs from 132 cases with hallux rigidus ...
Garg Rishi - - 2008
Oblique shortening osteotomy (Weil) can address lesser MP pathology but can have a high rate of complications. The purpose of this study was to review the results of a modification of the Weil osteotomy, the segmental resection metatarsal osteotomy. Between 2004 and 2006, 48 patients underwent the segmental resection osteotomy ...
Martínez-Nova Alfonso - - 2008
The modified McBride technique is widely used in bunion surgery. The aim of this report is to analyze the influence that transferring the adductor hallucis tendon had on the first intermetatarsal angle (IMA), hallux abductus angle (HAA), and tibial sesamoid position (TSP) when used to correct the hallux valgus deformity. ...
Wiig O - - 2008
This nationwide prospective study was designed to determine prognostic factors and evaluate the outcome of different treatments of Perthes' disease. A total of 28 hospitals in Norway were instructed to report all new cases of Perthes' disease over a period of five years and 425 patients were reported and followed ...
Tanaka Yasuhito - - 2008
A proximal spherical metatarsal osteotomy was devised to correct not only varus deviation of the first metatarsal, but also dorsiflexion. We expected to increase the medial longitudinal arch by adding plantar flexion at the osteotomy site. To investigate the limitations of this procedure for feet with severe hallux valgus, a ...
Takeuchi Ryohei - - 2008
Simultaneous bilateral opening-wedge high tibial osteotomies (OWHTOs), using the TomoFix fixation device and artificial bone wedges (beta-TCP) were performed on 20 knees of 10 patients with an average age of 67 years (range 53-75) at the time of the operation. We established an early weight-bearing exercise program during which patients ...
López-Carreño Edgard - - 2008
A total of 93 children (99 hips) with developmental dysplasia of the hip were analyzed in a retrospective cohort study carried out during 2000-2004. The age of the patients at the time of surgery ranged from 13 months to 13 years old with an average age of 3.7 years. Dega's ...
Harmelink Stacy - - 2008
The department of radiology at St. Luke's Regional Medical Center in Sioux City, IA implemented meaningful workflow changes for reducing patient wait times and, at the same time, improved customer and employee satisfaction scores. Lean methodology and the 7 Deadly Wastes, along with small group interaction, was used to evaluate ...
Pryor Shepherd G - - 2008
To determine whether patients receiving fibrin sealant placed in a single lateral osteotomy site during rhinoplasty will note substantial improvement in pain, bruising, swelling, and overall healing compared with the untreated side and to determine whether blinded observers detect a substantial difference in bruising and swelling on the basis of ...
Ozalay Metin - - 2008
We investigated whether there is a correlation between coronal plane correction magnitude and tibial slope in patients treated with medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) and also measured changes in patellar height. Thirty-four knees treated with for varus deformities were retrospectively reviewed and the follow-up period of the patients ...
Wilson J D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is a common forefoot condition, with numerous operations described to correct the deformity. Debate remains as to the relative importance of correcting the position of the sesamoid apparatus. METHODS: Forty-six cases were reviewed. Preoperative and post-operative X-rays were used to measure forefoot width, inter-metatarsal angle (IM), hallux ...
van Vlimmeren Leo A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of pediatric physical therapy on positional preference and deformational plagiocephaly. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Bernhoven Hospital, Veghel, the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Of 380 infants referred to the examiners at age 7 weeks, 68 (17.9%) met criteria for positional preference, and 65 (17.1%) were enrolled and ...
Swanson Jordan W - - 2008
PURPOSE: The Ravitch and minimally invasive Nuss procedures have brought widespread relief to children with pectus excavatum, chest wall deformities, over the last half century. Generally accepted long-term complications of pectus excavatum repair are typically limited to recurrence of the excavatum deformity or persistent pain. This study examines the authors' ...
Holt G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is sparse information upon which to recommend a return to activity after foot surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine whether six weeks is sufficient time for the emergency brake response time to return to preoperative levels after a first metatarsal osteotomy for symptomatic hallux valgus. ...
Watanabe Tadayoshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Three previous studies have investigated the long-term outcome of radial osteotomy in the treatment of Kienböck disease. However, none used patient-based assessment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of this osteotomy, including the subjective evaluation of the patient with use of ...
Kawachi Riken - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Costal coaptation pins made of hydroxyapatite and poly-l-lactide (HA/PLLA) composite are used to prevent slippage of the connected ribs in posterolateral thoracotomy. The objective of this study was to evaluate rib fixation achieved by HA/PLLA costal coaptation pins. METHODS: Between September 2005 and January 2006, HA/PLLA costal coaptation pins ...
Fonkalsrud Eric W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with pectus carinatum (PC) frequently experience physiologic symptoms, which are often overlooked by physicians. Sparse data have been published regarding the indications for correction of PC and the newer techniques of surgical repair. METHODS: Since 1970, 260 (89% males) symptomatic patients with PC with a mean severity index ...
Costa Fabio - - 2008
PURPOSE: Patients treated for dentofacial deformities may be predisposed to aggravated sinonasal disease postoperatively, particularly if concurrent rhinoplasty is performed. The authors present their experience with simultaneous rhinoplasty, maxillary/mandibular osteotomies, and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients were treated with simultaneous rhinoplasty, maxillary/mandibular osteotomies, and FESS ...
Babis George C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The normal values for axial alignment and joint line obliquity of the knee that indicate a successful valgus upper tibial osteotomy have not been established and reported in the literature. METHODS: To identify those parameters we prospectively followed 51 patients with 54 lateral closing wedge upper tibial osteotomies performed ...
- - 2008
[This corrects the article on p. 893 in vol. 12.][This corrects the article on p. 899 in vol. 12.].
Franceschi Francesco - - 2008
There is no consensus on the ideal management of patients with chondral defects of the medial tibial plateau and varus malalignment of the knee. We performed a cohort study to evaluate the outcome of patients affected by these conditions, who underwent arthroscopic implantation of autologous chondrocytes and a medial opening ...
Chang Kao-Wha - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Closing-opening wedge osteotomy (COWO) had been performed by the senior author (K.C.) since 1998. A study had been conducted to evaluate the efficacy of COWO since 2000. OBJECTIVE: Assess COWO for sagittal imbalance requiring more than 35 degrees lordotic correction at the level of osteotomy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND ...
Kerkhoffs Gino M M J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Reconstructive surgical measures for treatment of posttraumatic deformities of the lateral tibial plateau are seldom reported on in the literature. We report the long-term follow-up results of a consecutive series of reconstructive osteotomies performed to treat depression and valgus malunions of the proximal part of the tibia. METHODS: From ...
Brox Jens Ivar - - 2009
This study entails a prospective evaluation of lumbar closing wedge osteotomy for correction of thoracolumbar kyphotic deformity in ankylosing spondylitis. Twenty patients with a median age of 52 years (range, 26-70) underwent follow-up at one year. The lumbar closing wedge osteomtomy was stabilised by metallic rods fixed by transpedicular screws. ...
Lipscombe Stephen - - 2008
We prospectively reviewed 22 patients (31 feet) who underwent a scarf osteotomy between January 2001 and March 2002. There were 20 females and 2 males. Ages ranged from 35 to 77 years (mean = 57 years). American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores improved from a preoperative mean of ...
McNamara Michael - - 2008
The Alaskan three-dimensional osteotomy corrects angulation in 2 planes and rotation and length deformities for long bone malunions. The technique was performed on 3 patients with forearm malunions to improve forearm rotation, alleviate pain, and allow patients to return to more normal activities. Progress was monitored for a minimum of ...
Charman R E - - 2008
Carpal flexural deformities (CFD) are frequently encountered in the horse, with both congenital and acquired forms described. The success of surgical correction of CFD, both in terms of the ability to achieve a straight palmar carpal angle and the impact on future athletic performance, requires further investigation. OBJECTIVE: To report ...
Oh In Suk - - 2008
The chevron osteotomy is an acceptable method for correction of mild and moderate hallux valgus, but can result in instability at the osteotomy site. The purpose of this study was to present clinical and radiological results with our modified technique of osteotomy. We performed a modified technique of distal osteotomy ...
Kim J-Young - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the change of the first ray mobility after PMCO and DSTP in hallux valgus patients. From May 2004 to December 2005, 82 PMCO with DSTP surgeries were performed for the management of hallux valgus deformity. The dorsiflexion mobility of the first ray ...
Niemeyer Philipp - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the complications, technique-related risks, and the clinical course of patients treated with high tibial osteotomy (HTO) for medial arthritis of the knee with varus malalignment. METHODS: Forty-three of 46 consecutive patients (follow-up, 93.5%) treated with HTO using the TomoFix implant (Synthes, ...
Nagy Ladislav - - 2008
Diaphyseal malunion of the forearm may cause loss of pronation and supination, a painful distal radioulnar joint, and aesthetic problems. Seventeen patients (10 males, seven females; mean age, 20.6 +/- 9.3 years) were operated on because of symptomatic malunion after a pediatric forearm fracture. Six patients had predominant loss of ...
Castagnetti Marco - - 2008
It is controversial as to whether osteotomy, by restoring a more normal pelvic anatomy, might improve the final outcome of bladder exstrophy (BE) repairs. We compared the functional orthopaedic and urological outcomes in BE patients treated with and without osteotomy. Orthopaedic and urological outcomes were compared in eight BE patients ...
Gupta Sanjay - - 2008
Various techniques have been used for internal fixation of Scarf osteotomies. Stability of fixation plays an important role in determining the outcome. We prospectively studied 23 consecutive cases of hallux valgus treated with a scarf osteotomy, which were internally fixed with AO mini fragment screws. The aim of our study ...
Greensmith Andrew L - - 2008
A new method of total calvarial remodeling for correcting significant scaphocephaly is described, and experience with the first 30 consecutive patients is presented. Thirty consecutive patients (22 boys and eight girls) with moderate to severe scaphocephaly who underwent total calvarial remodeling using the Melbourne technique were analyzed retrospectively. Mean age ...
van Raaij Tom - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High tibial valgus osteotomy (HTO) is a well-accepted treatment for medial unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee with varus alignment in relatively young and active patients. Controversies about the factors affecting survival of HTO still exist. We assessed preoperative risk factors for failure of closing-wedge HTO at long-term ...
Burghardt Rolf D - - 2008
Traditionally, angular deformities are treated by means of osteotomy. In patients who are skeletally immature, this major intervention can be avoided by influencing or guiding the growth of the affected physis. Recently, a new device was presented as an alternative to the widely used Blount staple. Stevens developed a technique ...
Oloff Lawrence M - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of the use of a decompression osteotomy for the treatment of end-stage hallux rigidus. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 28 feet (23 patients) with grades III and IV hallux rigidus that underwent a first metatarsal head decompression osteotomy with ...
Castañeda Pablo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is generally accepted that the presence of angular deformity about the knee that persists into the preadolescent years will not correct spontaneously. The goal of this study was to review our experience with hemiepiphysiodesis and physeal stapling for the correction of angular deformity to establish the efficacy of ...
Redfern John C - - 2008
Fixed equinovarus deformities can be challenging to treat especially in medically debilitated patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate Achilles lengthening with posterior tibial tenotomy and immediate weightbearing in this difficult group of patients. Thirteen extremities in 10 patients underwent Achilles lengthening and posterior tibial tenotomy for fixed ...
Trnka H-J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The modified Ludloff proximal first metatarsal osteotomy is indicated for the surgical correction of moderate-to-severe hallux valgus deformity associated with metatarsus primus varus. We report the intermediate-term results of this procedure. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients (111 feet) with a mean age of fifty-six years underwent a modified Ludloff proximal first ...
Ueki Koichiro - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in the recovery of maximum mandibular opening (MMO), and the relationship between MMO and the maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) period after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO), with and without Le Fort I osteotomy. PATIENTS ...
Hyer Christopher F - - 2008
We retrospectively compared crescentic and Mau osteotomies used to treat a total of 39 cases of hallux abductovalgus. Follow-up was possible in 10 of the crescentic cases (mean 228 days) and 24 of the Mau cases (mean 245 days). Preoperatively, the mean first intermetatarsal and hallux abductus angles were 17.5 ...
Giannini Sandro - - 2008
A bunionette is a deformity of the fifth metatarsal bone with a varus deviation of the toe which can require surgical correction. Although numerous bony or soft tissue surgical procedures have been described, the ideal treatment has not yet been identified. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate ...
Myers Graham J C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This is a study to establish the role of surgery in late presenting hinge abduction following Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out involving 15 patients who underwent valgus femoral osteotomy for hinge abduction related to Perthes disease between 1995 and 2000. Surgery was performed by the ...
Kwak Yoon Hae - - 2008
PURPOSE: To date, there have been no studies evaluating the usefulness of allograft as a substitute for autograft in calcaneal neck lengthening osteotomy. This retrospective study examined the results of calcaneal neck lengthening osteotomy using allograft for pathologic flatfoot deformity in children and adolescents with various neuromuscular diseases. MATERIALS AND ...
Gong Hyun Sik - - 2008
Corrective osteotomy around the elbow can require longer recovery time in adults than in children because of the longer healing period and the propensity for stiffness. We hypothesized a lateral oblique closing wedge osteotomy with a larger contact area and fixation with a lag screw plus early motion would provide ...
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