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Results 201 - 250 of 1022
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Shima Hiroaki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Radiographic measurements such as those of the hallux valgus angle and the intermetatarsal angle are essential parameters for assessing the severity of hallux valgus deformities and the extent of surgical correction required. However, to our knowledge, no study has investigated the reliability of the measurements that are made radiographically ...
Kim Nam-Hyun - - 2009
A 23-year-old male whose medical history included tuberculous spondylitis presented with a kyphotic deformity and incomplete paraplegia of twenty days duration. Preoperative radiographs demonstrated a T12-L4 kyphotic Cobb's angle of 100 degrees with a complete block showing on the lumbar myelogram at L4-5. The patient underwent anterior osteotomy and release. ...
Potenza Vito V - - 2009
Distal chevron osteotomy is a procedure widely performed for the surgical treatment of painful hallux valgus. The risks and benefits of a lateral capsular release and adductor tenotomy combined with chevron osteotomy are still debated. The aim of our study was to report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of this ...
Hahn Michael Patrick - - 2009
Multiple surgical options have been described for severe hallux rigidus. One option is capsular interpositional arthroplasty. We report our initial results with a technique using the thicker medial capsule as our interpositional material instead of the dorsal capsule and extensor hallucis brevis (EHB). Twenty-two patients with grade IV hallux rigidus ...
Westwell Melany - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of orthopedic procedures performed after skeletal maturity on ambulatory patients with cerebral palsy. Twenty-five patients (46 sides) had pre- and postoperative computerized gait analysis. All patients underwent any one or a combination of the following procedures: hamstring lengthenings, ankle plantar ...
Muradin M S M - - 2009
Adverse effects on the soft tissues after Le Fort I osteotomies include: broadening of the alar base, loss of vermilion show of the upper lip and down sloping of the commissures. In theory, an alar cinch suture combined with a muco-musculo-periosteal V-Y closure (ACVY) should improve not only the nasal ...
Nedopil Alexander - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The intention of this study was to analyze the long-term results of the proximal closing wedge osteotomy for the correction of hallux valgus deformity, modified by adding a mini L-plate for osteosynthesis. METHODS: The outcome of a proximal first metatarsal closing wedge osteotomy was retrospectively evaluated after a mean ...
Ozkan Cenk - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Five adult patients, with posttraumatic cubitus varus deformity underwent corrective surgery by the Ilizarov method of distraction osteogenesis. METHOD: A standard technique was applied in all patients. The average follow-up was 28 (range, 24-38) months. Preoperative carrying angle ranged from 12 degrees to 22 degrees of varus (average 16.6 ...
Wukich Dane K DK Foot and Ankle Division, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2009
The opening base wedge osteotomy is a safe and useful surgical alternative for correction of moderate to severe hallux valgus deformities with substantial metatarsus primus varus. The authors combine the modified McBride bunionectomy with a proximal first metatarsal opening base wedge osteotomy. Osteotomy stabilization was achieved without bone grafting with ...
George H L - - 2009
We have reported the radiological and clinical outcome of scarf osteotomy in the treatment of moderate to severe hallux valgus among adolescent children. Data were collected retrospectively between April 2001 and June 2006. The pre- and post-operative intermetatarsal angle (IMA), hallux valgus angle (HVA) and distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA) ...
Osman M K - - 2009
The outcome of Perthes' disease in children over 8 years tends to be poor. It is unclear whether any treatment modality alters the natural history. This study compares the results of four treatment modalities for this group of patients. A retrospective review was performed of prospectively collected data for 44 ...
Cho Chul-Hyun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite the ability of lateral closed-wedge osteotomy for cubitus varus deformity to restore carrying angle and preserve elbow motion, there have been reports of poor cosmetic appearance of the elbow because of lateral condylar prominence. METHOD: We evaluated long-term results of remodeling of lateral condylar prominence after osteotomy in ...
da Silva Adelina Maria - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate tympanic bulla healing after experimental ventral osteotomy in cats. METHODS: Twenty adult cats were submitted to unilateral ventral bulla osteotomy and divided into two groups: cats of A1 group (n=10) were euthanized at 8 weeks and cats of A2 group (n=10), at 16 weeks postoperative. RESULTS: Signs ...
Ueki Koichiro - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate bone formation between the proximal and distal segments after a sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) with bent plate fixation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The subjects were 23 patients (46 sides) who underwent bilateral SSRO setback surgery. They were divided into titanium and absorbable plate groups. A 3 to ...
Randhawa Sunil S Royal Newcastle Centre, NSW Australia, 23 Milton St, Hamilton NSW 2303, Australia. - - 2009
There are many techniques described for treatment of hallux valgus. The role of proximal osteotomies of the 1st metatarsal is well documented. However the opening wedge osteotomy has become less popular in contemporary practice. The purpose of this paper was to report our experience with an opening wedge osteotomy for ...
Pydah Satya K V SK Department of Trauma, Southport & Ormskirk Hospital NHS Trust, Kew Southport, Merseyside, United - - 2009
Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint with a low profile fixed angle plate allows for a consistent resultant hallux valgus angle. There is no clear consensus on whether a separate corrective osteotomy of the first metatarsal should be performed in addition to the first metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in patients ...
Ali Munawar - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report a series of clinodactyly patients to report clinical and radiographic outcomes after closing wedge osteotomy and K-wire fixation of abnormal middle phalanges. METHODS: Twenty-five fingers from 17 patients were included in the study. All patients had more than 25 degrees of angulation and were treated with closing ...
Bushnell Brandon D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The amount of correction obtained with tibial and/or femoral hemiepiphyseodesis in late-onset tibia vara is quite variable. The purpose of this study is to identify preoperative factors which might help to predict the amount of correction that is obtainable. METHODS: Fifty-three patients (67 knees) have been treated with hemiepiphyseodesis ...
Gomoll Andreas H - - 2009
Arthritis treatment in young patients remains a challenge. Joint replacement surgery offers excellent pain relief but is controversial with this age group because of long-term wear and loosening. Recently, biological reconstructive techniques have become available to improve traditional treatment methods such as osteotomies. We present our experience with a technique ...
Yam A - - 2009
We reviewed 42 consecutive children with a supination deformity of the forearm complicating severe birth lesions of the brachial plexus. The overall incidence over the study period was 6.9% (48 of 696). It was absent in those in Narakas group I (27.6) and occurred in 5.7% of group II (13 ...
Horn Joachim - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate our treatment protocol for certain physeal injuries requiring complete epiphysiodesis of an injured physis, angular correction and lengthening with the Ilizarov method and overcorrection of length according to calculated loss of remaining growth. Five patients (age: 12 to 14 years) were operated ...
Lakstein Dror - - 2010
The sliding trochanteric osteotomy preserves vastus lateralis continuity with the osteotomized greater trochanter (GT) and the abductors. The modified trochanteric sliding osteotomy (MTSO) also preserves the posterior capsule and external rotators to reduce the risk of dislocations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate our clinical and radiographic results ...
Vukasinovic Zoran - - 2009
This article presents the results of Legg-Calve-Perthes (LCP) disease treatment using triple pelvic osteotomy. Thirty patients were analysed. The conditions for inclusion in the study were complete medical documentation and follow-up until the disease was resolved. Postoperatively, no patients were immobilised. Rehabilitation was initiated early in all patients, and full ...
Bar-On Elhanan - - 2009
We describe a new method for corrective osteotomy and the fixation of lower limb deformities in children. Following osteotomy, the desired position is obtained and temporarily stabilized using an external fixator. Definitive fixation is performed with a plate and locking screws inserted percutaneously under fluoroscopic guidance. The procedure was performed ...
McCarthy James J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treatment for severe/relapsing Blount disease is controversial. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of acute medial plateau elevation with concurrent tibial gradual osteotomy. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of 16 patients (22 limbs) treated by combined plateau elevation and tibial osteotomy ...
Kerkhoffs Gino M M J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reconstructive surgical measures for treatment of posttraumatic deformities of the lateral tibial plateau are seldom reported on in the literature. We report the long-term follow-up results of a consecutive series of reconstructive osteotomies performed to treat depression and valgus malunions of the proximal part of the tibia. METHODS: From ...
van der Meulen Jacques - - 2009
Metopic synostosis is thought to have an incidence of about 1 in 15,000 births. Traditionally, this makes it the third most frequent single-suture craniosynostosis, after scaphocephaly (1 in 4200-8500) and plagiocephaly (1 in 11,000). Our units have, independently from each other, noted a marked increase in the number of metopic ...
Jochymek Jiri - - 2009
THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of our study was to assess treatment results of angular deformities in distal radius by a system of the locking compression plates (LCP) at our clinic. METHODS: Our source data was collected prospectively from the records of patients where the locking compression plate ...
Ozdemir Ragip - - 2009
With the development of craniofacial surgery, today sagittal split mandibular osteotomies are frequently used for the treatment of mandibular deformities with modifications and different fixation techniques. In clinics, 57 patients are evaluated in this study. Of these patients, 35 were male, 22 were female, and their ages were between 17 ...
Trnka H-J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The modified Ludloff proximal first metatarsal osteotomy is indicated for the surgical correction of moderate-to-severe hallux valgus deformity associated with metatarsus primus varus. We report the intermediate-term results of this procedure. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients (111 feet) with a mean age of fifty-six years underwent a modified Ludloff proximal first ...
Lucijanic Ivica - - 2009
Mitchell's osteotomy gives very good results but there are still some cases where the original method, as well as its modification, cannot address all aspects of deformity. We modified the original Mitchell's method to address pronation and plantar displacement of the first metatarsal. Modification includes formation of lateral and plantar ...
Mahadev Arjandas - - 2009
Residual deformity in resistant clubfoot is not uncommon. The "bean-shaped foot" exhibits forefoot adduction and midfoot supination and may interfere with function due to poor foot placement. For children less than 5 years of age we describe a corrective procedure combining a closing wedge cuboidal osteotomy and trans-midfoot rotation procedure ...
Matar Wadih Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In patients with unicompartmental medial knee arthritis, medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy is used to shift the mechanical weightbearing line laterally to reduce pain and improve function. There have been concerns that opening wedge high tibial osteotomy is associated with a reduction of patellar height and increase in ...
Koulalis Dimitrios - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Osteochondral lesions are a common sports-related injury for which osteochondral grafting, including mosaicplasty, is an established treatment. Computer navigation has been gaining popularity in orthopaedic surgery to improve accuracy and precision. HYPOTHESIS: Navigation improves angle and depth matching during harvest and placement of osteochondral grafts compared with conventional freehand ...
Bito Haruhiko - - 2009
Obtaining a correct postoperative limb alignment is an important factor in achieving a successful clinical outcome after an opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO). To better predict some of the aspects that impact upon the clinical outcomes following this procedure, including postoperative correction loss and over correction, we examined the changes ...
Takeuchi Ryohei - - 2009
We evaluated the clinical outcomes, in terms of early weight bearing, of using opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) to treat spontaneous osteonecrosis of the medial femoral condyle of the knee (SONK) using TomoFix and artificial bone substitute. Damaged cartilage tissue was removed and drilling of the necrotic area followed ...
Ramseier Leonhard E - - 2009
Leg length discrepancy and angular deformities can, in contrast to adults; easily be corrected with epiphysiodesis during growth. Goal of this study was to evaluate our results of a modified Canale technique for definitive epiphysiodesis treating leg length discrepancy and also angular deformities. Between 2000 and 2007, 22 patients (11 ...
Haraji Afshin - - 2009
This study assessed the causes and incidence of miniplate removal during a 5-year period after Le Fort I osteotomy. One hundred forty-two patients had plates inserted for fixation of the maxilla after Le Fort I osteotomy between 2001 and 2004. The Le Fort I segment was rigidly fixed with four ...
Sato Kazuki - - 2009
PURPOSE: To retrospectively analyze consecutive cases with opening wedge corrective osteotomy of the volarly malunited distal radius with iliac bone graft, including preoperative and postoperative comparison of symptoms, visual analog scale (VAS), Japanese Society for Surgery of the Hand version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH-JSSH) ...
Lebecque Patrick - - 2009
Anti-IgE therapy was proposed to two teenagers with cystic fibrosis (CF) with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) exacerbation, reluctant to a further course of oral steroids. Both patients experienced ABPA exacerbations within the past 3 years, requiring oral steroid bursts. Clinical, laboratory and radiographic features were consistent with ABPA exacerbations (representing ...
Mazzini Juan Pretell - - 2009
Coxa vara is an abnormality of the proximal femur with a decreased neck-shaft angle and resulting leg-length discrepancy, has been associated with conditions such as congenital coxa vara, traumatic injury, sepsis, rickets, vascular damage, or metabolic disorders; however its possible relationship with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been recently reported.A full ...
Robb Curtis A - - 2009
Salter's innominate osteotomy may predispose to anterior over-coverage of the acetabulum. Over cover or retroversion has been demonstrated to be a cause of hip pain, impingement and subsequent osteoarthritis. We reviewed the long-term follow up of seventeen skeletally mature hips in sixteen patients who had previously undergone a Salter's osteotomy ...
Gougoulias Nikolaos - - 2009
Active sports participation can be important in some patients with degenerative joint disease in the lower limb. We investigated whether this is possible after an osteotomy for osteoarthritis of the hip, knee and ankle joints. We performed a literature search using Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL and Google Scholar with no restriction ...
Tokutomi Takashi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: From 1994, we have used therapeutic hypothermia in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 5 or less). In 2000, we altered the target temperature to 35 degrees C from the former 33 degrees C, as our findings suggested that cooling to 35 degrees C ...
Davis Charles - - 2009
Expansile cranial springs are used in selected cases of craniosynostosis. The spring exerts moderate force against the relatively thin skull. We investigated whether the spring erodes through the bone and the clinical significance of any erosion relative to the cranial expansion achieved. METHODS: New Zealand white rabbits (n = 10) ...
Ueki Koichiro - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in the chewing rhythm before and after mandibular ramus osteotomy in patients with prognathism with and without asymmetry. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We divided 12 men and 22 women with mandibular prognathism into groups on the basis of symmetry and ...
Omidi-Kashani Farzad - - 2009
Musculoskeletal disorders specially knee osteoarthritis are the most common causes of morbidity in old patients. Disturbance of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity is one of the most important causes in progression of knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the surgical results of distal ...
Hahn Soo Bong - - 2009
A corrective dome osteotomy was performed in 19 adult patients for cubitus varus and valgus deformity. The mean age at operation was 31.1 years and the mean follow-up was 41 months. The average postoperative carrying angle in 16 patients with cubitus varus was 6.1 degrees (range, 1-10 degrees), an average ...
Motamed C - - 2009
Postoperative regional anesthesia hastens recovery and reduces the length of hospital stay of orthopedic surgical patients. This study was designed to assess the impact of pre-incisional continuous femoral block on postoperative conditions (POC) of tibial osteotomy and total knee arthroplasty patients. After insertion of a femoral catheter under peripheral nerve ...
Dermon Antonios A Amalia Flemig General Hospital, Athens, - - 2009
There are limited studies on the long term outcome of Mitchell's osteotomy for hallux valgus deformity. We present the long term results of 204 cases. Postoperative clinical and radiological evaluation with a mean follow up of 12.9 years was performed on patients with preoperative hallux valgus angles (HVA) of up ...
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