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García-Mira Berta - - 2010
Accessing the tooth roots in periapical surgery (PS) requires the elimination of periapical bone. To compare the postoperative morbidity and prognosis following PS on mandibular molars by ostectomy, or by osteotomy with repositioning of the vestibular cortical. A retrospective clinical study of mandibular molars subjected to PS with ultrasound. Two ...
Kim Jae Su - - 2011
Long-term persistence of entomopathogenic fungi as biopesticides is a major requirement for successful industrialization. Corn oil carrier was superior in maintaining germination rates of Isaria fumosorosea SFP-198 conidia during exposure to 50°C for 2 h, when compared with other oils, such as soybean oil, cottonseed oil, paraffin oil, and methyl ...
Amer Abdel Rahman Abdel Latif - - 2010
Late-onset tibia vara or Blount's disease is the most common cause of pathologic genu varum in children and adolescents. Treatment remains controversial. Many studies in the past have shown that an osteotomy with acute correction is the most appropriate treatment. More recently however, there has been a growing interest, especially ...
Murray Odhran - - 2010
Bilateral simultaneous hallux valgus correction is traditionally performed as an inpatient procedure due to concerns regarding adequate postoperative analgesia and difficulty mobilizing. We prospectively evaluated 40 consecutive patients (80 feet) who underwent outpatient surgical correction of bilateral symptomatic hallux valgus. Patients underwent preoperative radiological and clinical assessment using pain and ...
Hay G C - - 2010
The lateral subvastus approach combined with an osteotomy of the tibial tubercle is a recognised, but rarely used approach for total knee replacement (TKR). A total of 32 patients undergoing primary TKR was randomised into two groups, in one of which the lateral subvastus approach combined with a tibial tubercle ...
Madadi Firooz F Akhtar Orthopaedic Hospital, Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, - - 2010
High tibial osteotomy is a method of treating knee osteoarthritis due to genu varum in advanced stages. High tibial osteotomy-associated problems continue to be reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical results of a new, innovative method of high tibial osteotomy with 3- to 13-year follow-up. ...
Bock Peter - - 2010
The Scarf osteotomy was described as a technique to correct a metatarsus primus varus in primary hallux valgus surgery, but it is unclear whether the technique could correct recurrent hallux valgus when an initial procedure failed to provide any or an adequate lateral displacement of the metatarsal head. We asked ...
Bauer T - - 2010
The present study assessed 2-year clinical and radiological results of percutaneous correction of hallux valgus by Reverdin-Isham osteotomy and sought to clarify indications for the technique. A continuous prospective single-center series of 104 cases of medium-to-moderate hallux valgus was managed by the same percutaneous technique, with a median 2 years' ...
Koskinen Esa - - 2011
The objectives of the present study were to find out the results and the factors affecting survival after primary knee arthroplasty with a cruciate-retaining prosthesis in severe valgus deformity. Forty-eight patients (52 knees) participated in the current follow-up study. All patients were followed at least 5years or to first revision. ...
Falter Bart - - 2010
The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of bad splits in sagittal split osteotomies (SSOs), performed at the same hospital, and if the occurrence was reduced over time because of technical progress and/or surgical experience. Bad splits were defined as buccal or lingual plate fractures. The files ...
Innes Lindsay - - 2010
PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review of the treatment of Kienböck's disease to test the hypothesis that none of the reported treatments for Kienböck's disease is superior with respect to outcomes of pain, motion, grip strength, and radiographic measures. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, and the Cochrane Review for articles ...
Helal Mohammad Z - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of 2 widely used methods of lateral osteotomy on the internal nasal valve (INV) by measuring minimal cross-sectional area using acoustic rhinometry (AR) and computed tomography (CT) in the pre- and postoperative setting. Thirty adult patients noting nasal deformity requiring ...
Barnes James - - 2010
A ring fixator was used in the treatment of five patients (ages 11 to 16 years) with proximal tibial growth arrest after trauma. The mean corrections were 14.2 degrees (maximum 28 degrees , minimum 0 degrees ) in the saggital plane and 14 degrees (maximum 38 degrees , minimum 2 ...
Toma Robert - - 2010
The Melbourne method of total vault remodeling was developed at The Royal Children's Hospital (Melbourne) to address all phenotypic aspects of scaphocephaly. To quantitatively evaluate this technique, a retrospective analysis was performed on 33 consecutive patients who underwent the Melbourne procedure between October 2004 and June 2007. To monitor outcomes, ...
Baas E M - - 2010
This study compares the effects of bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) and distraction osteogenesis (DO) for lengthening the mandible regarding loss of function of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). In a retrospective cohort study design, the function of the IAN was tested with a Weinstein monofilament 3.22, 1 year after ...
Kim Whoan Jeang - - 2010
This study is a prospective, clinical study for lumbar degenerative kyphosis. To determine the factors affecting postoperative clinical outcomes in patients who undergo corrective osteotomy for lumbar degenerative kyphosis. Only a small number of studies have reported clinical results for surgery for lumbar degenerative kyphosis. There are almost no studies ...
Masrouha Karim Z - - 2011
Frontal plane malalignment of the lower extremity results in abnormal load distribution across the knee joint. Consequences of this increased stress may lead to compartmental osteoarthritis. High tibial osteotomy is well established for early osteoarthritis of the knee joint in middle-aged patients. We hypothesize that earlier realignment of the varus ...
Yang Hoon Joo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate, using computer simulation, the amount of interference between the proximal and distal segments of the mandible incurred by 3 different osteotomy methods. STUDY DESIGN: With the 3-dimensional facial computerized tomography data of 20 patients showing mandibular prognathism with asymmetry, simulation surgeries ...
Al-Aown Abdulrahman - - 2010
Ureteral stents represent a minimally invasive alternative to preserve urinary drainage whenever ureteral patency is deteriorated or is under a significant risk to be occluded due to extrinsic or intrinsic etiologies. The ideal stent that would combine perfect long-term efficacy with no stent-related morbidity is still lacking and stent usage ...
Brinkman Justus-Martijn - - 2010
In open-wedge, valgus osteotomy of the upper tibia, there are concerns regarding the initial stability and ability to retain the correction. Rehabilitation protocols vary depending on the osteotomy technique and the fixation method. Angle-stable implants offer superior initial stability. Early full weight bearing appears to be possible using these implants. ...
Parsons Stephen S The Royal Truro Hospital, Truro, Cornwall, - - 2010
Cobb described a method of reconstruction in Johnson and Strom Type II tibialis posterior dysfunction (TPD) using a split tibialis anterior musculotendinous graft. We assessed patient function and satisfaction after a modified Cobb reconstruction in a group of patients with a narrow spectrum of dysfunction, examined a modification of the ...
Elmorsy Shawky S ENT Department, Mansoura University, Egypt. - - 2010
In external dacryocystorhinostomy a large bony window is created in the lateral nasal wall and a mucosal anastomosis is created between the lacrimal sac and the nasal cavity. The success of the operation depends on the surgical anastomosis remains patent and converting to a wide enough epithelial-lined passage. To compare ...
Lee Ho-Jin HJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, 505 Ban Po-Dong, Seoul, - - 2010
A lateral soft tissue release is often performed with distal chevron osteotomy for the correction of hallux valgus deformities. However, many complications of lateral soft tissue release have been reported. To define the necessity of lateral soft tissue release, the authors compared the clinical and radiographic results of distal chevron ...
Roukis Thomas S - - 2010
Autogenous soft tissue interpositional arthroplasty has been proposed as an alternative to arthrodesis and other forms of arthroplasty for treatment of end-stage hallux rigidus because of the perceived safety and efficacy. The author undertook a systematic review of electronic databases and other relevant sources to identify material relating to the ...
Stockmann Philipp - - 2010
This study was conducted to compare the long-term clinical outcome of patients with jaw disproportion who had had fixation with resorbable polylactic acid containing positioning screws with those who had had titanium positioning screws in bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy of the mandible (BSSO). Sixty-six patients with isolated mandibular jaw ...
Howley Caitriona - - 2011
The alar base cinch suture is often used to mitigate the unfavourable increase in nasal width after Le Fort I impaction or advancement of the maxilla. Recently a number of studies have looked at the stability and clinical outcome of this intervention. We investigated the effect of an alar base ...
Tjoumakaris Fotios Paul - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of patellofemoral instability can successfully diminish episodes of subluxation and dislocation, as well as symptoms of pain and instability. HYPOTHESIS: Surgical treatment of lateral patellar instability in a strictly athletic population will facilitate return to sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: From 1999 ...
Niethard M - - 2010
AIM: Angular deformities of the lower extremity are considered as prearthrotic factors. Osteotomy is regarded as a way of corrective treatment. But this intervention is considered as complex and requires a special after-treatment. During childhood and with remaining growth, guided growth offers an elegant solution for this problem. Resulting in ...
Larholt Jonathan J Podiatric Surgical Department, Ilkeston Hospital, Heanor Road, Derbyshire, DE7 8LN, UK. - - 2010
The presence of metatarsus adductus can complicate hallux valgus surgery. It reduces the gap between the first and second metatarsal and can restrict the transposition of the first metatarsal head. It also confounds the measurement of the first second intermetatarsal angle. Twenty-seven patients, (24 female, 38 feet), of average age ...
Fuhrmann Renée A - - 2010
We performed a retrospective study on 178 Scarf osteotomies with a mean follow-up of 44.9 months (range 15-83 months). Clinical rating was based on the forefoot score of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS). Weight bearing X-rays were used to perform angular measurements and assess the first metatarsophalangeal ...
Park Jung-Yeop - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study compared genioplasty using Medpor with osteotomy by measuring the amount of anteroposterior change in hard and soft tissue. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-three patients who underwent mentum augmentation and who were followed-up >6 months were included. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: group A, with 14 patients who ...
Ballal M S - - 2010
A total of 25 children (37 legs and 51 segments) with coronal plane deformities around the knee were treated with the extraperiosteal application of a flexible two-hole plate and screws. The mean age was 11.6 years (5.5 to 14.9), the median angle of deformity treated was 8.3 degrees and mean ...
Segal Olivier - - 2010
The history of a 17-year-old female patient with pseudoachondroplasia, with an extreme bilateral genu recurvatum due to tibial growth disturbance, is presented. She was treated by the Ilizarov method over a nine- month period for consecutive bilateral correction of the lower legs, leading to an excellent functional result. The authors ...
El Amrani M H MH Service de chirurgie orthopédique et traumatologique, centre hospitalier intercommunal de Villeneuve-Saint-Georges, 40, allée de la Source, 94190 Villeneuve-Saint-Georges, France. - - 2010
The decrease of patellar height following opening-wedge proximal tibial osteotomy can affect function, and subsequent total knee arthroplasty may be more difficult and give poorer results. Pre-operative patellar height is an objective predictor of functional result in opening-wedge osteotomy. The effect of opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and internal fixation ...
Benzakour Thami - - 2010
We reviewed 192 patients (224 knees) to assess the results of HTO in medial gonarthrosis during the period 1982-2008. Median follow-up was about 15 years for 134 females and 58 males. Among the knees, 118 had an average opening wedge for varus angle of 13 degrees and 106 had closing ...
Yam Debbie - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of mild (<or=90 degrees) versus severe (>90 degrees from vertical) visual field defects (VFDs) in patients after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL), and their postoperative improvement over time. METHODS: The angles of postoperative VFDs of 75 patients who underwent ATL ...
Sim Jae Ang - - 2010
This study examined the changes in knee alignment after an open wedge high tibial osteotomy before and after weight-bearing. From 2004 to 2006, 36 high tibial osteotomies were performed to treat unicompartmental arthritis with a varus deformity. Thirteen patients without instability and with an accurate radiographic evaluation were included. The ...
Etchepareborde S - - 2010
This in vitro study evaluated three modified techniques of tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA). Loads to failure were calculated for each technique. A 9 mm TTA procedure was performed in the tibiae of dogs weighing between 32 and 38 kg. In group 1 (n = 12), the distal part of the ...
Aksu Neslihan - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the complications encountered following locking plate fixation of proximal humerus fractures. METHODS: The study included 103 patients (70 females, 33 males; mean age 62 years; range 21 to 90 years) who were treated with open reduction and locking plate fixation for proximal humerus fractures between September 2005 ...
Kilmartin Timothy E - - 2010
The Cochrane review of hallux valgus surgery has disputed the scientific validity of hallux valgus research. Scoring systems and surrogate measures such as x-ray angles are commonly reported at just one year post operatively but these are of dubious relevance to the patient. In this study we extended the follow ...
De Vil Jeroen J K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Scarf midshaft metatarsal osteotomy has become increasingly popular as a treatment option for moderate-to-severe hallux valgus deformities because of its great versatility. Numerous studies on Scarf osteotomy have been published. However, no prospective studies were available until 2002. Since then, only short-term follow-up prospective studies have been published. We ...
Unis M D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of bandaging on immediate postoperative swelling using a modified Robert-Jones bandage after tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Dogs undergoing a TPLO were randomly placed into two groups. Group 1 received a modified Robert-Jones bandage postoperatively for a ...
Takasaki Sumitaka - - 2010
BACKGROUND: From 1979 to 2005, a total of 279 hips in 249 patients with advanced and/or terminal-stage osteoarthritis of the hip underwent valgus osteotomy. Among them, we reviewed 256 hips in 229 patients (91.8%) with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. We reviewed the clinical and radiological results and analyzed ...
Kerr Hui-Ling - - 2010
This study assessed the radiological measurements, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores, and patient satisfaction associated with performance of the scarf osteotomy, combined with an Akin osteotomy, for the treatment of hallux valgus in patients at a general hospital. Thirty-five patients were assessed before surgery, and at 6 ...
Ozan Firat - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the outcomes of interposition arthroplasty performed for the treatment of hallux rigidus. METHODS: The study included 19 feet (4 left, 15 right) of 17 patients (14 females, 3 males; mean age 61+/-5 years; range 55 to 71 years) who were treated with interposition arthroplasty for hallux rigidus. ...
Mayaleh H Abou - - 2010
To evaluate, using radiofrequency techniques, the relevance and effectiveness of treatment of inferior turbinate hypertrophy in children with cystic fibrosis. A study of patients with cystic fibrosis with hypertrophy of inferior turbinate who were being treated at Lisieux Hospital In-Patient Paediatric and ENT- Head and Neck Surgery Department. 41 patients ...
El-Azab Hosam - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Valgus high tibial osteotomy (HTO) may be associated with changes in the patellar height and posterior tibial slope. HYPOTHESIS: Patellar height increases and posterior tibial slope decreases after closed-wedge HTO, whereas patellar height decreases and tibial slope increases after open-wedge osteotomy. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. ...
El Amrani M H - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The decrease of patellar height following opening-wedge proximal tibial osteotomy can affect function, and subsequent total knee arthroplasty may be more difficult and give poorer results. HYPOTHESIS: Pre-operative patellar height is an objective predictor of functional result in opening-wedge osteotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The effect of opening-wedge high tibial ...
Hankemeier S - - 2010
High tibial osteotomy is an established technique for the treatment of varus malaligned knees. This study analyses the difference between the amount of correction in the preoperative planning and the postoperative result. Furthermore, it compares the difference of the accuracy between open-wedge osteotomy and closed-wedge osteotomy. About 61 patients were ...
Lozano-Calderón S A - - 2010
Corrective osteotomy is an established but challenging treatment for distal radius malunion. Short- and intermediate-term results have been previously published while long-term results have not. The long-term results of 22 patients treated with corrective osteotomy for symptomatic distal radius malunion are presented (range 6-24 years, mean 13 years). All patients ...
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