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Reyhan Enver E 1Department of General Surgery, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of tadalafil against pentoxifylline in rat model of ischemic colitis (IC). Thirty-two Wistar albino rats were subjected to laparotomy and left colon devascularization to create an IC model and then randomly placed into four groups. Group-1 (sham group) ...
Margagnoni G G Gastroenterology and Hepatology Unit San Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy - - - 2014
Several population-based studies have shown that long term prognosis of ulcerative colitis (UC) may be better than previously reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the course of UC in a referral center cohort in the pre-biologic era and to identify possible prognostic factors. All patients with established ...
Pickhardt Perry J PJ 1 Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health, E3/311 Clinical Science Center, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to compare total colonic gas volume and segmental luminal distention according to patient position on CT colonography (CTC), as well as to determine which two views should constitute the routine protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Volumetric analysis was retrospectively performed on CTC examinations from ...
Silva-Velazco Jorge J 1Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 2Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
The risk of anal transition zone dysplasia/cancer after stapled IPAA for ulcerative colitis might be cumulative over time. The purpose of this work was to assess the long-term incidence and risk factors of anal transition zone dysplasia. This was a retrospective study from a prospectively maintained database. The study was ...
Ulusoy Seckin S From the Departments of *Otorhinolaryngology, †Clinical Microbiology, Çorlu State Hospital, Tekirdag; ‡Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Bozyaka Teaching and Research Hospital, Izmir; §Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul; and ∥Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Medical Faculty, Eskişehir, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between epistaxis and nasal colonization of Staphylococcus aureus in a population of patients with recurrent epistaxis. A total of 361 men and women were recruited, 245 patients with epistaxis (114 had crusting in the nasal vestibule; 131 did not) and ...
Slankamenac Ksenija K *Department of Surgery and Transplantation, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland †Department of Surgery, Division of Gastrointestinal and Transplantation Surgery, Erasmus MC University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands ‡Pôle des Pathologies Digestives, Hépatiques et de la Transplantation, Hôpital de Hautepierre, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France §Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. ¶Hospital Paul Brousse, Université Paris Sud, Paris, - - 2014
To test whether the newly developed comprehensive complication index (CCI) is more sensitive than traditional endpoints for detecting between-group differences in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). A major challenge in RCTs is the choice of optimal endpoints to detect treatment effects. Mortality is no longer a sufficient marker in studies, and ...
Niv Yaron Y Yaron Niv, Doron Boltin, Zohar Levi, Alex Vilkin, Department of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Beilinson Hospital, Tel Aviv 49100, - - 2014
To determine the expression of membrane-bound mucins and glycan side chain sialic acids in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-associated, non-steroidal inflammatory drug (NSAID)-associated and idiopathic-gastric ulcers. We studied a cohort of randomly selected patients with H. pylori (group 1, n = 30), NSAID (group 2, n = 18), combined H. pylori ...
Mistrangelo Massimiliano M Digestive and Colorectal Surgical Department, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino Hospital, Centre of Minimal Invasive Surgery, University of Turin, Corso A. M. Dogliotti, 14, 10126, Turin, Italy, - - 2014
Previous large randomized controlled trials comparing laparoscopic (LR) and open resection (OR) for colon cancer have not specifically analyzed the outcomes in patients with transverse colon cancer. The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility and safety of LR transverse colon cancer resection and to compare our findings ...
Siddiqui Naveed T NT From the *Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Mount Sinai Hospital; †University of Toronto; ‡Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital; and §Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology and Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The need to gown for labor epidural catheter insertion is controversial. The American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine has identified a lack of randomized controlled trials investigating this issue. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of gowning on colonization rates following epidural catheter insertion ...
van den Berg M W MW Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Endoscopic placement of self-expanding-metal-stents (SEMS) is widely performed as palliative treatment for acute malignant colonic obstruction. There is ongoing debate regarding risks and benefits associated with SEMS placement. This study aimed to evaluate long-term outcomes of palliative SEMS placement in patients presenting with acute malignant colonic obstruction. A prospectively collected ...
Greene Christina L CL Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
The long-term outcome after colon interposition for esophageal reconstruction is not well documented. Our objective was to assess quality of life and alimentary satisfaction 10 or more years after colon interposition. Patients who had an esophagectomy that was reconstructed using a colon interposition before April 2003 were identified. Symptoms, alimentary ...
Pedersen Natalia N *Gastroenterology Unit, Herlev University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; †Department of Gastroenterology, Nykoebing Falster Hospital, Nykoebing Falster, Denmark; ‡Department of Gastroenterology, Nordsjaellands Hospital, Frederikssund, Denmark; §Department of Gastroenterology, Gentofte Hospital, Gentofte, Denmark; ‖IBD Clinical and Research Center, ISCARE a. s., Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; ¶Department of Epidemiology Research, States Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark; and **Department of Gastroenterology, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
To individualize treatment with mesalazine for ulcerative colitis relapses through a self-managed, web-based solution to optimize the short-term disease course. Prospective, open-label, web-guided study with 3 months mesalazine therapy among patients with mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis. Once a week, patients completed the simple clinical colitis activity index (SCCAI) and registered fecal ...
Feng Xu X College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310016, - - 2014
A new procedure of colonic anastomosis with a degradable stent has already been proven to be simple, feasible, and safe in our porcine model. In this study, we evaluated its impact on the colonic physiologic functions. A total of 20 pigs were assigned randomly to either a stent anastomosis group ...
Kim Yeon Soo YS Yeon Soo Kim, MD, is Associate Professor, Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Bong Kil Song, PhD, is Researcher, Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. On Lee, PhD, is Researcher, Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Hyun Jin Kwon, PhD, is Researcher, Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer. We examined the colon transit time (CTT) according to the total energy expenditure (TEE) in psychiatry unit patients. The study participants included 67 adults, with a mean age of 49.8 years. The participants used an accelerometer for 7 days ...
Galán Alba Sánchez AS Department of Pediatric Surgery, Universitary Hospital La Paz, Madrid, - - 2014
Ulcerative ileitis (UI) after restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) and ileoanal pullthrough procedure (IAPP) is a rare condition described as inflammation of the terminal ileum proximal to the anastomosis. It is mostly observed in ulcerative colitis (UC) and is designated as prepouch ileitis; sometimes with pouchitis, but not necessarily all the time. ...
Vester-Andersen Marianne K MK Gastrounit, Medical Section, Hvidovre Hospital, Hvidovre, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the cumulative probability of recurrence and admission rates in an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) inception cohort diagnosed in 2003-2004. Data on medications, phenotypes and surgery for 513 individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC, n=300) and Crohn's disease (CD, n=213) were obtained from medical ...
Tayyem Abdel-Qader Mahmoud AQ King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, - - 2014
Oral mucositis is a distressing toxic effect of cancer therapy and one of the major side effects of the myeloablative conditioning used to prepare patients for bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Oral cryotherapy is one of the recent modalities used to prevent and manage oral mucositis. The purpose of this review ...
Hochholzer Karina K MBBS, Emergency Medicine Registrar, Emergency Department, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, - - 2014
Case study A woman aged 34 years presented to hospital with a history of progressive shortness of breath, palpitations, decreased exercise tolerance and generalised arthralgia over the previous month. A full blood count revealed normochromic normocytic anaemia and a haemoglobin level of 66 g/L. The blood film showed basophilic stippling ...
Xin Gang G Department of Gynecology and Obstetric, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, - - 2014
According to female pelvic anatomical characteristics, we designed a novel reversible permanent contraception: embedding contraceptive surgery in the fimbriated extremity of the fallopian. This study involves embedding the oviduct of New Zealand rabbits into the peritoneum, and assesses contraceptive effect, morphological changes and recoverability. Thirty New Zealand rabbits were divided ...
Tsao Christin C Department of Pathology at the Louisiana State University School of Medicine in New - - 2014
A 73-year-old African-American male was transported to the emergency department due to what emergency personnel described as "coffee ground emesis." He was pronounced dead shortly after arrival. An unlimited autopsy examination was conducted under authorization of the coroner's office. Medical record review revealed that the decedent had been discharged from ...
Lim Jae Kwan JK Department of Neurosurgery, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in sagittal spinopelvic alignment between lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DSPL) and degenerative spinal stenosis (DSS). Seventy patients with DSPL and 72 patients with DSS who were treated with lumbar interbody fusion surgery were included in this study. The following spinopelvic parameters ...
Zengin Mehmet Ozgur MO Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir University , Izmir , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Background: To investigate the effect of oral caffeine intake on choroidal thickness using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Eighteen otherwise healthy caffeine users and 18 controls were enrolled. All participants underwent OCT scanning with high-speed and resolution spectral-domain OCT device (3D OCT 2000, Topcon, Japan) at baseline, and 1 ...
Song Taejong T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
To compare the effectiveness and patient preference of different routes of misoprostol administration before operative hysteroscopy in premenopausal women. Randomized, controlled trial. University hospital. One hundred sixty women undergoing operative hysteroscopy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive 400 μg misoprostol orally (n = 40), sublingually (n = 40), or vaginally (n ...
Al-Hussaini Abdulrahman A Dr. Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini, Riyadh Medical Complex,, Children's Hospital,, King Fahad Medical City,, PO Box 7153 Riyadh 11462,, Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
Bleeding per rectum is an uncommon presentation in pediatric patients. Heterotopic gastric mucosa in the rectum is a rare cause of rectal bleeding. Here, we report a 3-year-old child with a bleeding rectal ulcer that was initially diagnosed and managed as a solitary rectal ulcer syndrome. After 1 month, the ...
Argüelles-Arias F - - 2014
Introduction: PillCam© colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) enables the study of colonic diseases in a safe and non-invasive way, although there are aspects that need to be improved. Current methods of bowel preparation lead to discordant rates of adequate cleansing and CCE excretion.Aims: To compare the efficacy of colon cleansing using ...
Kahraman Korhan K Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Anabilim Dalı, Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Cebeci Hastanesi, Cebeci, 06100, Ankara, - - 2014
To compare the effects of combined oral contraceptives (OCs) containing cyproterone acetate and drospirenone in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Fifty-two patients with PCOS were randomized in two groups: group A (n = 26) received 0.035 mg ethinyl estradiol + 2 mg cyproterone acetate and group B (n = 26) received 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol + 3 mg drospirenone-containing OCs ...
Vesce Fortunato F Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2014
Aim: To verify the eventual efficacy of lactoferrin (LF), an iron-binding glycoprotein, to decrease the amniotic concentration of interleukin-6 (IL-6). Methods: We prospectively enrolled 60 Caucasian patients at the 16th week of their singleton physiological gestation. A vaginal compound containing 300 mg of LF was administered randomly 4 or 12 ...
Yenidogan Erdinc E Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey, - - 2014
To reduce the seroma formation following mastectomy and axillary dissection, many different techniques and drugs have been investigated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of oral β-glucan on drain fluid and efficacy of daily drainage and drain removal day in mastectomy patients. One hundred and thirty ...
Aramide T M - - 2014
Objective: This comparative study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of oral Misoprostol compared with intravenous Ergometrine and intravenous Oxytocin in reducing vaginal bleeding following surgical evacuation for first trimester abortions. Materials and Methods: This was a single-blind placebo-controlled study in which patients with first trimester uncomplicated abortions were divided ...
Cho Sihyun - - 2014
Although the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is effective in reducing the recurrence of endometriosis-associated pain, its efficacy in preventing endometrioma recurrence is questionable. We compared the efficacy of postoperative use of LNG-IUS with oral contraceptives (OC) for preventing endometrioma recurrence. A retrospective cohort study. Medical university hospital. Ninety-nine women with ...
Gimpelson Richard J RJ Mercy Clinic, Minimally Invasive Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mercy Hospital St Louis, St Louis, MO, - - 2014
This review examines the peer-reviewed literature describing prospective studies that report amenorrhea rates, patient satisfaction, and surgical reintervention rates following the NovaSure® endometrial ablation procedure. A search of the English-language literature published from 2000 to 2011 was conducted using PubMed. Ten prospective studies, six single-arm NovaSure trials, and four randomized ...
Zhu Shaomi - - 2014
Endometriosis affects fertility negatively. The study aims to evaluate whether laparoscopic surgery combined with oral contraceptive or herbs were more effective than laparoscopic alone in improving fecundity and pelvic pain in women with minimal/mild endometriosis. A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in 156 infertile women with minimal/mild endometriosis. After ...
Baghbani Kobra K Department of Internal Medicine, Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, - - 2014
The appropriate colon cleansing is a major determinant of quality of colonoscopy. This prospective randomized study was designed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of the morning (AM) PEG (polyethylene glycol) solution to previous-evening (PM) PEG solution for the afternoon colonoscopy. This comparative study compared the AM to PM prep ...
Sanei Mohammad H MH Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
FREE RADICALS ARE THE KNOWN MECHANISMS RESPONSIBLE FOR INDUCING COLITIS WITH TWO ORIGINS: Inflammatory cells and tissues. Only the inflammatory cells can be controlled by corticosteroids. Our aim was to assess the importance of neutrophils as one of the inflammatory cells in inducing colitis and to evaluate the efficacy of ...
Ferroni Agnès A Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Laboratory of Microbiology, University Teaching Hospital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, - - 2014
Central venous device infections are associated with increased physical and psychological morbidity, mortality, length of stay, and costs. The aim of this study was to prove the efficacy of pulsatile flushing to prevent the bacterial colonization of vascular access devices. One hundred and forty four tests using 576 polyurethane short ...
Leone Roberti Maggiore Umberto U Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, San Martino Hospital and National Institute for Cancer Research, University of Genoa, Genoa, - - 2013
To compare the efficacy of two hormonal therapies in treating symptoms caused by bowel endometriosis. Patient preference study. University hospital. 143 women with rectovaginal endometriosis infiltrating the rectum. This study was performed between January 2008 and June 2011. Patients were treated with a desogestrel-only contraceptive pill or with the sequential ...
Whitaker Amy K AK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Section of Family Planning and Contraceptive Research, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637. Electronic address: - - 2013
This trial was designed to compare levonorgestrel intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) use at 1 year after delivery between women randomized to postplacental insertion at the time of cesarean delivery and delayed insertion 4-8 weeks after delivery. This randomized controlled trial was conducted at two urban medical centers. Eligible pregnant women with ...
Howard David L - - 2013
No prior study has directly compared satisfaction with Depo-Provera to the Mirena intra-uterine device (IUD) among post-partum parous adolescents. Our aim was to make this comparison among post-partum adolescents at 3, 6, and 12 months of follow-up. Post-partum/parous adolescents (aged 20 and younger) choosing either Depo-Provera or the Mirena IUD ...
Irinyenikan T A TA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, State Specialist Hospital, Akure, Ondo State. - - 2013
Intrauterine contraceptive device is a highly acceptable method of contraception, however despite itsacceptability many users still discontinue its use for various reasons, this study was embarked upon to determine the rate of its discontinuation and the factors associated with its discontinuation. Materials and methods:It was a retrospective study of 10years ...
Raju T B V G TB Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Sree Sai Dental College and Research Institute, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
Aim of the study was to compare 4 different methods of sterilizing endodontic files in dental practice. The present study was performed on 100 K-files, 21 mm long and of size 25. Of these, 20 files were taken as control group, and the remaining 80 files were divided into 4 ...
Lee Yong Sub - - 2013
Although transnasal endoscopy (TNE) is generally a comfortable and safe procedure, it has some disadvantages, such as complicated preprocessing and occasional repulsion reaction during catheterization. In an attempt to simplify the preprocessing method, the efficacy of a catheter-free method in which a catheter is not inserted into the nasal cavity ...
Jensen Jeffrey T JT Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), Portland, OR, USA; Division of Reproductive and Developmental Sciences, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Beaverton, OR, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
To demonstrate the feasibility of polidocanol foam (PF) as a nonsurgical method of female permanent contraception using a nonhuman primate model. Four groups of adult female rhesus macaques underwent either transcervical treatment with 5% PF directly into the uterine cavity, treatment with inert (methylcellulose, MF) foam or no treatment followed ...
Ekstrand Maria M Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University , Uppsala , - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an intervention with advance provision of emergency contraceptive pills (ECP), condoms, and extended information to a targeted group of teenage girls, compared with a control group, 12 months after intervention. A randomized controlled trial among 420 girls, 15-19 years ...
da Silva Ana Luiza Berwanger - - 2013
Tubal ligation (TL) is considered a very efficient contraceptive method. However, some patients complain of a variety of postoperative symptoms. The objective of this study was to investigate whether ovarian reserve may change after tubal ligation. This was a prospective cohort study of 80 fertile women who underwent TL. Ovarian ...
Bhadra Banasree - - 2013
To study the role of oral misoprostol in the management of Incomplete abortion, 98 women with a clinical diagnosis of incomplete abortion and the uterine size < 12 weeks were recruited for this study. A single dose of 600 microg of oral misoprostol was given to these patients. If abortion ...
Wu Lixia - - 2013
Abstract To assess the effects of oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) for endometriosis in women after conservative surgery, we performed a search of PubMed, Embase, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scidirect, Chinese VIP, CNKI and WANGFANG database. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of OCPs in postoperative medical therapy for endometriosis were ...
Giugno Cláudia S - - 2013
Purpose of the studyTo compare the rates of cure of septic abortion and pelvic inflammatory disease using a daily dose of clindamycin with gentamicin versus divided doses.Procedures: DesignIn this retrospective cohort study, electronic records of 661 patients who used clindamycin 1 × , 3 × or 4 ×/day (groups 1, 3 and 4, respectively) between ...
Avgerinos E D - - 2013
To identify patient-related and device-specific predictors of challenging and failed inferior vena cava (IVC) filter retrievals. Retrospective single center review of consecutive retrievable IVC filters placed between 2004 and 2009. Retrieval was defined as challenging when it was unsuccessful owing to reported technical failure or when adjunctive endovascular maneuvers or ...
Dua Prachi - - 2013
A 31-year-old African-American woman with a medical history of well-controlled hypertension sought treatment for recurrent, monthly, unilateral orbital and subconjunctival hemorrhage for 1 year. The episodes were cyclical and coincided with the timing of her menstrual cycle. Examination findings included right periorbital fullness and subconjunctival hemorrhage. Extensive serologic and radiographic ...
Deshmukh Varsha Laxmikant VL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Government Medical College & Hospital (Ghatti Rugnalaya), Near Panchakki, Aurangabad, - - 2013
To compare the efficacy of oral with vaginal misoprostol for induction of labour. A randomized trial. Tertiary care hospital. Two hundred women requiring induction of labour. Group A received oral misoprostol 50 mcg 6 hourly maximum 4 doses to 100 patients and Group B received vaginal misoprostol 50 mcg 6 hourly maximum ...
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