Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2034
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Kim Sangeun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many methods have been proposed for the treatment of acne scars, with variable cosmetic results. Nonablative skin resurfacing is one method that has been proposed. Because of a need for more noticeable clinical improvements, the ablative fractional laser was recently introduced. OBJECTIVE: To reduce complications and improve the results ...
Choi Jae Eun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Becker's nevus (BN) can be a distressing cosmetic handicap for patients and a treatment challenge for physicians. Various treatment modalities have been used, but repigmentation commonly occurs after treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of long-pulse alexandrite laser in the treatment of BN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven Korean patients ...
Kishi K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Medium-sized to giant congenital melanocytic naevi (CMN) are difficult to treat, especially if the lesions appear on the face or extremities where treated areas are visible and cosmesis is important. OBJECTIVES: In infants, nests of pigmented naevus reside more superficially and the skin is more transparent than in adults, ...
Lee Mei-Ching - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In recent years, using the 1,064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) laser (QSNYL) with or without exogenous topical carbon solution application for facial skin rejuvenation has become popular in Southeast Asia, but there has not been any published clinical report discussing the rejuvenation effect of QSNYL for Asian ...
Alster Tina S - - 2009
PURPOSE: Although pulsed dye laser (PDL) treatment of port-wine stain (PWS) has long been proven safe and effective, incomplete clearance of these vascular malformations can be problematic. In addition, advanced PWS with deeper coloration and tissue hypertrophy can be particularly difficult to treat because of the superficial dermal penetration of ...
Alster Tina S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The most common side effects of fractional laser skin treatment are erythema and edema. Low-level light therapy and light-emitting diode (LED) devices have been used to stimulate fibroblast activity and hasten wound healing. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether LED treatment immediately after fractional laser skin resurfacing affects the severity and ...
Shammas Nicolas W - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report the results from a single-center prospective registry (DEEP EMBOLI) established to evaluate distal embolization during percutaneous lower extremity interventions using excimer laser ablative therapy. METHODS: Elective patients with infrainguinal occlusive disease were eligible for this registry if the lesion(s) met one or more of these angiographic criteria: ...
Pinfildi Carlos Eduardo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on viability of mast cells of the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT has been recently used on the TRAM flap to stimulate mast cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four Wistar rats were randomly divided into seven groups ...
Erceg Angelina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treatment of chronic discoid lupus erythematosus (CDLE) with a pulsed dye laser (PDL) has shown promising results, although outcomes in previous studies were not validated and laser parameters were inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We conducted an open prospective study to assess the efficacy and safety of PDL for the treatment of ...
Ko Wang-Cheng - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of various new methods to treat vitiligo, surgical methods offer rapid, simple, and safe ways for treating small-sized vitiligo. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy in treating vitiligo using suction blister epidermal grafting (SBEG) combined with CO2 laser epidermal ablation. METHODS: Forty patients with small, ...
Boureau Catherine - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of Nd:YAG laser treatment following 3 square-edged intraocular lenses (IOLs) of different composition implanted during cataract surgery. DESIGN: Patient chart analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 50-85 years and given a hydrophobic acrylic IOL (either SA60AT or AR40E) or hydrophilic acrylic IOL (XL-Stabi) were included. Analysis was ...
Kontothanassis Dimitrios - - 2009
Endovenous laser treatment is a minimally invasive technique for ablation of the incompetent great (GSV) and small saphenous vein (SSV). Compared with the GSV, fewer data are available on SSV laser ablation and are not validated. This multicenter prospective study evaluated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of endovenous laser ablation ...
Campos Luana - - 2009
Common side effects of radiotherapy (RT) to the head and neck include oral mucositis, xerostomia, and severe pain. The aim of this study is to report improvement in the quality of life of an oncological patient by laser phototherapy (LPT). The patient, a 15-year-old girl diagnosed with mucoepidermoid carcinoma, underwent ...
Marotti Juliana - - 2009
Herpes is a common infectious disease that is caused by human herpesviruses. Several treatments have been proposed, but none of them prevent reactivation of the virus. This article describes the use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a treatment for herpes lesions, and reports on four cases. PDT was used as ...
Szeimies Rolf-Markus - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recurrence after therapy for anogenital warts, or condylomata acuminata (CA), is common. Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) using 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is efficient in the treatment of CA, but one problem with PDT is the limited penetration depth of photosensitizer and light. Pre-PDT vaporization of CA using a carbon dioxide ...
Yeung Chi K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The 1,450-nm diode laser is effective for the treatment of inflammatory acne, but there is a significant risk of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) in Asian skin. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether lower fluence and shorter cooling duration of the 1,450-nm diode laser improve acne effectively with minimal PIH in darker skin. ...
Madan Vishal - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical excision is considered the criterion standard treatment for lentigo maligna (LM) but may sometimes be unsuitable for elderly people or in the treatment of large lesions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (QS:Nd:YAG) and alexandrite lasers in the treatment of LM. METHODS: QS:NdYAG ...
Sano H - - 2009
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate trends in the incidence of blindness and the association with laser photocoagulation in patients with type 1 diabetes in Japan. METHODS: Patients diagnosed between 1965 and 1979 aged under 18 years old were studied. The status of blindness and laser photocoagulation ...
Angiero Francesca - - 2009
A series of 49 patients diagnosed with osteonecrosis and all treated with latest-generation bisphosphonates was reviewed retrospectively to evaluate the use of erbium-doped: yttrium, aluminum, and garnet laser (Er:YAG) in terms of clinical outcome, and examine current trends from the clinical-therapeutic standpoint. Pathology reports on specimens submitted over the previous ...
Xu Xin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bacteriostatic and cariostatic effect of a novel povidone-iodine/fluoride foam in children at high risk for caries. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Sixty-one 6- to 9-year-old children with at least 1 active dental caries lesion were randomly assigned to 2 groups and treated weekly with either povidone-iodine/fluoride foam (n ...
Haedersdal Merete - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Burn scars cause permanent and disfiguring problems for many patients and limited treatments are available. Nonablative fractional lasers induce a wound healing response, which may lead to remodeling of burn scar texture. This randomized trial evaluates efficacy and adverse effects of 1540 nm fractional laser versus untreated ...
DeFatta Robert J - - 2009
To assess the safety and efficacy of a 595-nm pulsed-dye laser in the treatment of ecchymoses after facial cosmetic procedures. Twenty consecutive patients with ecchymoses after facial cosmetic procedures underwent treatment with the pulsed-dye laser. A 10-mm spot size was used, with pulse duration of 6 milliseconds, fluence of 6 ...
Thompson James T - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: A dramatic rise in positional plagiocephaly has been noted over the last decade. Methods for treating and following outcomes are varied. We present our results from a passive soft helmet molding therapy using a surface scanning laser to provide objective outcomes. METHODS: One hundred seventy-five infants with positional plagiocephaly ...
Fuste Pere - - 2009
To evaluate the usefulness of the endocervical cytology immediately after loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) and viral human papilloma virus (HPV) determination as predictive factors of persistence/recurrence (P/R) of squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) in the remaining cervix of patients treated with LEEP due to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) II or ...
Al-Otaibi Sultan R SR Department of Dermatology, Adan Hospital, P.O. Box 2193, Qurain 47372, Kuwait. - - 2009
Current vitiligo therapies require many months of treatment and often result in disappointing outcomes. Treatment with a 308-nm excimer laser has shown promising results in patients with vitiligo. This controlled prospective trial studied the effectiveness of the 308-nm excimer laser for treating vitiligo in Asians. Thirty-four patients (14 males and ...
Seifi Massoud - - 2010
A growth center of the mandible that contributes to its length and height is the mandibular condyle. Proliferation of prechondroblasts, followed by synthesis of the extracellular matrix and hypertrophy of the cartilage cells, governs the major part of condylar growth. The sample consisted of 54 male rats, weighing between 60 ...
Ruszat Robin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy and short-term outcome of a new 980 nm high-intensity diode (HiDi) laser (Limmer Laser, Berlin, Germany) system in comparison to the diode-pumped solid-state laser high-performance system (HPS; GreenLight(TM), AMS, Minnetonka, MI, USA) for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in a prospective non-randomized single-centre study. ...
Wanitphakdeedecha Rungsima - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treatment of melasma remains a challenge. Laser treatments show limited efficacy, with a high rate of recurrence and side effects. Recently, variable-pulsed erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) lasers have shown favorable results in skin resurfacing, with minimal downtime and adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and side effects of ...
Smith Marshall E - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Endoscopic treatment of laryngotracheal stenosis by airway dilation, despite short-term improvement, is often associated with long-term relapse. Mitomycin-C (MMC) inhibits fibroblast proliferation and synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins, and thereby modulates wound healing and scarring. MMC application at the time of endoscopic dilation and laser surgery has been suggested ...
Pannier F - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Most of the published EVLA data concern 810, 940, 980 nm diode lasers and 1064 or 1320 nm Nd:Yag laser systems. Major side effects are postoperative pain and bruising. The aim of this study was to show the outcome one year after EVLA of incompetent saphenous veins with a ...
Hamid Shoaib - - 2009
AIMS: Cardiac resynchronization therapy is an accepted treatment for heart failure but it may be necessary to explant these systems along with their leads. The evidence base for coronary sinus (CS) lead extractions is limited. We aimed to evaluate the percutaneous removal of these leads and the utility of laser ...
Ipci Sebnem Dirikan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of CO(2) and Er:YAG lasers alone and in combination with topical sodium fluoride (NaF) in the management of dentine hypersensitivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 50 patients presenting with a total of 420 hypersensitive teeth ...
Sandoval Maria Christina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-level laser (LLL) energy on the clinical signs of inflammation and the cellular composition of synovial fluid (SF) in the inflamed knee of the rabbit. BACKGROUND DATA: There are few findings related to the effects of LLL on ...
Aras Mutan Hamdi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on postoperative trismus and edema after the removal of mandibular third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients who were to undergo surgical removal of lower third molars were studied. Patients were randomly allocated to ...
Bayat Mohammad - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates whether low-level laser therapy (LLLT) can accelerate healing of large osteochondral defects in rabbits. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT has been used in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders and fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy rabbits were divided into control and experimental groups. Under sterile conditions and after ...
Ho P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety and efficacy of endovenous laser obliteration to treat varicose vein in a day surgery setting, using sedation and local anaesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Day surgery centre in a regional hospital in Hong Kong. PATIENTS: A total of 24 patients with duplex-confirmed long saphenous vein ...
Jung Jae Yoon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The effect of combined 585/1,064-nm (sequential dual-wavelength pulsed dye laser (PDL) and neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet) laser therapy for acne vulgaris has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of PDL and of combined 585/1,064-nm laser treatment for mild to moderate facial acne. METHODS: A 12-week, ...
Choe Jun-Ho - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical scars are a common cosmetic problem that occurs in various surgical fields including dermatology. Diverse trials have been made to prevent this annoying scar formation. Recently, 585- and 595-nm pulsed dye laser irradiation presented satisfactory cosmetic outcome for the treatment of surgical scars. Other fractionated lasers or light ...
Hakeem Abdul - - 2009
A 48-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of diarrhoea and abdominal pain. No overt gastrointestinal bleeding was reported and there was no history of loss of weight or loss of appetite. General and abdominal examination was unremarkable except for subconjunctival pallor. The haemoglobin was 7.1 g/dl at presentation with ...
Fuks Leonardo - - 2009
Background. Typical pulmonary carcinoids represent less than 5% of primary lung tumors. In patients with typical bronchial carcinoid, formal surgical resection still remains the gold-standard treatment. Data regarding long-term outcome in using flexible bronchoscope-based modalities under conscious sedation is very limited. Objectives. We sought to investigate, over extended follow-up period, ...
Khouri Vivian Youssef - - 2009
Oral mucositis (OM) affects patients who are submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) due to high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. The purpose of this investigation was to perform a comparative study of the frequency and evolution of OM among patients subjected to therapeutic laser and to the conventional ...
Rankin Alan - - 2009
A case is presented of a 24-year-old man who sustained a forceful blow to the right side of the abdomen during a tackle while playing rugby union. The patient was thought to be "winded" and could not play on. He sought medical attention several hours later at the local hospital ...
Passeron Thierry - - 2009
The relapses and the chronicity of acne inversa cause a significant impact on the quality of life of the affected patients and urge for a search of more effective treatments. We report the treatment of four consecutive acne inversa patients with pulse dye laser-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDL-PDT). Three months after ...
Tsuritani Mitsuhiro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of CO(2) laser conization in pregnant women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3/carcinoma in situ (CIN3/CIS) or microinvasive carcinoma (MIC). OBJECTIVES: A total of 49 pregnant women with biopsy-proven CIN3/CIS (30 patients) or MIC (19 patients) were studied. METHODS: Retrospective analysis based on clinical ...
Fukui Toshimitsu - - 2009
Surgical resection is the first-choice therapy for extramammary Paget's disease, but extensive resection is highly invasive and non-surgical treatments are sometimes preferred. Although photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been used for extramammary Paget's disease for some time, recurrence and residual tumour cells are common. In the present study, five patients with ...
Bayat Mohammad - - 2009
This study examined the influence of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the healing of a large osteochondral defect in rabbits.An osteochondral defect with 5 mm diameter was surgically induced in the right femoral patellar groove of 48 adult male rabbits. They were divided into a control and an experimental group. ...
Darwood R J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of incompetent truncal veins has been proposed as a minimally invasive alternative to conventional surgery for varicose veins. Various strategies have been proposed for successful treatment and this study reviews the evidence for these. METHOD: A Medline and 'controlled trials online database' search was performed ...
Desiate Apollonia - - 2009
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a 980 nm diode laser for the treatment of benign facial pigmented and vascular lesions, and in oral surgery. 20 patients were treated with a 980 nm diode laser. Oral surgery: 5 patients (5 upper and lower frenulectomy). Fluence levels were 5-15 J/cm(2); ...
Ricci F - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and safety of indocyanine green (ICG) dye-enhanced subthreshold diode-laser micropulse (SDM) photocoagulation in patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CCSC) with no spontaneous resolution 6 months after the onset of the disease. STUDY DESIGN: Interventional prospective non-comparative case series of seven patients presenting with CCSC ...
Zafarghandi Mohammad Reza - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate treatment results for varicose great saphenous vein (GSV) using endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) in an ambulatory single center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 77 limbs with varicose GSV in 74 patients who were treated using 980-nm EVL with a 600-mm laser fiber and the power settings ...
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