Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2035
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Karsai Syrus - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported positive results of nonablative laser treatment of xanthelasma palpebrarum, but the published evidence is weak and inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the effect of pulsed dye laser (PDL) treatment of xanthelasmas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty female Caucasian patients with 38 lesions (< or =1 mm ...
Luo Di-Qing - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anesthetic efficacy of topical application of 1% tetracaine gel before and after a Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) laser procedure. BACKGROUND DATA: A variety of topical anesthetics are available for painful cutaneous procedures, including laser treatments, which are applied before treatment. METHODS: Seventy-nine adults were ...
Wang Yi-Shi - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ablative carbon dioxide resurfacing is the gold standard for treating atrophic acne scarring but is associated with prolonged recovery and many side effects. To address these limitations, newer modalities employing the principle of fractional photothermolysis have emerged. METHODS: We undertook a prospective study whereby five Asian patients of skin ...
Kutlubay Zekayi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Acne scars are extremely disturbing to patients, both physically and psychologically. This study assessed the safety and efficacy of the erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser on acne scars. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of resurfacing atrophic facial acne scars with the Er:YAG laser in the Turkish population. METHODS: A total ...
Thomas Joanne L - - 2010
A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the incidence of adverse effects following Q-switched ruby laser treatment of pigmented lesions at the Wessex Specialist Laser Centre. Sixty-one patients received a total of 151 treatments between January 2006 and January 2008. This is the largest series to date of patients on ...
Jabłonowski Zbigniew - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of visual laser ablation treatment with neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser in male patients with urethral strictures and to compare the effects with those obtained in patients treated with Sachse's optical urethrotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients aged 22 to 83 (mean age 61.8) ...
Meriki N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To audit the outcome for laser photocoagulation for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) as managed by the New South Wales Fetal Therapy Centre (NSW FTC). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study. Outcome data were reviewed for referrals between June 2003 and June 2008.The outcome measures included the severity of TTTS at ...
Mahmoud Bassel H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease involving the intertriginous areas. OBJECTIVE: We sought to conduct clinical and histopathologic evaluation of the efficacy of long-pulsed neodymium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser treatment for HS. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, right-left within-patient controlled trial for HS (n = 22). Four monthly laser ...
Aras Mutan Hamdi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the tolerance of lingual frenectomy with regard to a local anesthesia requirement and comparison of postsurgical discomfort experienced by patients operated on with both diode and erbium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Er:YAG) lasers. BACKGROUND: Ankyloglossia, commonly known as tongue-tie, is a congenital oral anomaly characterized ...
Vasilenko Tomás - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the effects of different power densities of LLLT at 635 and 670 nm achieving a daily dose of 5 J/cm(2) on wound tensile strength (TS) in rats. BACKGROUND DATA: Optimal parameters of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) are still unknown. MATERIALS AND ...
Mahmoud Bassel H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ablative resurfacing lasers are effective for treatment of acne scars, but they have a high risk of complications. Fractional lasers have less severe side effects but more moderate efficacy than ablative devices. Studies were performed in individuals with Fitzpatrick skin type I to VI. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy ...
Scoletta Matteo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to detail the clinical efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) for the management of bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ-BP). BACKGROUND: ONJ-BP is the correct term, recently emerged, to describe a significant complication in a subset of patients receiving drugs such as zoledronic ...
Cho Sung Bin - - 2010
Laser treatments using 532-/1064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) lasers are popular non-ablative and selective photothermolysis therapies for pigmentary disorders. We treated three male Korean patients (aged 23, 27 and 24 years) for smoker's gingival hyperpigmentation using a 532-nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. At each treatment session, the laser was ...
Schwarz Thomas - - 2010
Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) is one of the most accepted treatment options for varicose veins. In previous studies conducted with a laser at 810 to 1320 nm, paresthesia, pain, and ecchymosis were common adverse effects. We hypothesized that a lower linear endovenous energy density (LEED), as used with 1470-nm diode ...
Correa-Afonso Alessandra M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of irradiation distance and the use of cooling in the Er:YAG laser efficacy in preventing enamel demineralization. METHODS: 84 enamel blocks were randomly assigned to seven groups (n=12): G1: control group - no treatment, G2-G7: experimental groups treated with ...
Caspani Bruno - - 2010
To demonstrate the effectiveness and the safety of laser thermal ablation (LTA) in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) deemed not accessible for other percutaneous procedures (radiofrequency ablation, sclerotherapy). From September 2003 to August 2008, 140 patients with HCC nodules were treated. In 49 patients, the lesions were localized in ...
Le Duff F - - 2010
The 308-nm excimer laser and 308-nm excimer lamp have both been shown to be effective in treating vitiligo but a direct comparison has never been performed. To test the equivalence of these two devices for treating nonsegmental vitiligo. A randomized monocentric study was undertaken. One lesion was treated with the ...
Sanu Olaleye - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the proportion of incomplete resection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1-3) may be reduced by CIN Excisor compared with loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective trial during a 2-year period at a district general hospital in London, United Kingdom, including 420 ...
Eivazi Behfar - - 2010
We examined the clinical appearance of mucosal venous malformations of the upper aerodigestive tract with regard to their accessibility to laser therapy and further assessed the value of treatment of these lesions with the Nd:YAG and CO(2) lasers. A retrospective study was performed in 50 patients who had undergone laser ...
Nam Dong Heun - - 2010
Combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE) is a rare, benign tumor, but there are no established managements for CHRRPE. A patient with CHRRPE who is treated successfully by the new combination therapy was described. A 32-year-old man was diagnosed as having CHRRPE after evaluation with ophthalmoscopy, ...
Vincent Robert - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare short-term hearing results in patients undergoing laser stapedotomy for primary otosclerosis using either the flexible potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) or CO(2) laser fiber. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized clinical study at a tertiary referral center. METHODS: Two hundred fourteen patients undergoing 214 stapedotomies for otosclerotic stapes fixation were ...
Maschke C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate prenatal and postnatal growth of twins with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) after intrauterine laser coagulation. STUDY DESIGN: The weight and length of 54 sets of twins with severe TTTS surviving intrauterine laser coagulation at the intervention (median 20+4 weeks), at birth ...
Angeletti Pierangelo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of laser therapy on bone regeneration in the midpalatal anterior suture (MPAS) after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). METHODS: Thirteen patients aged between 18 and 33 years old with maxillary transverse deficiency (> or =7.0 mm) were evaluated. ...
Gonzalez Victor H - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe the efficacy, outcomes, and complications of confluent laser technique in a cohort of premature infants with threshold retinopathy of prematurity. Laser photocoagulation has a good treatment outcome in the management of retinopathy of prematurity; however, the number and density of laser spots remains debatable. Laser treatment can ...
Yang Yun-Seok - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Various repigmentation patterns such as perifollicular, marginal, diffuse, and mixed configuration can occur in vitiligo. The aim of this study was to clinically assess the types of repigmentation patterns obtained with narrow-band ultraviolet B (NBUVB) phototherapy or targeted phototherapy using a 308 nm excimer laser and to reveal whether ...
Lim Bernard - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine whether the treatment of oral leukoplakia with potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) lasers versus CO(2) lasers results in lower recurrence rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective data were collected from the records of 30 patients (mean age 75.6 years) with 35 primary oral leukoplakia who had their lesions ablated by KTP ...
Karsai Syrus - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laser treatment of facial rhytides has evolved as a major modality of aesthetic surgery. Published results, while generally encouraging, feature highly diverse evaluation methods, which makes an evidence-based assessment of treatment efficacy and safety all but impossible. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of different instruments of measurement. PATIENTS/METHODS: Twenty-eight ...
Ferreira Esmeralci E Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil. - - 2010
There is a scarcity of cost-effectiveness analyses in the national literature comparing drug-eluting stents (DES) with bare-metal stents (BMS), at late follow-up. To estimate the Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) between DES and BMS in uniarterial coronariopathy. 217 patients (130 DES and 87 BMS), with 48 months of follow-up (mean = ...
Al-Mutairi Nawaf - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Some cases of focal or segmental vitiligo are refractory to medical treatment, and surgical management is the treatment of choice. Postsurgical exposure to ultraviolet B rays can lead to faster and better cosmetic results. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term results of combination therapy with split-skin-thickness grafting and 308-nm excimer ...
Phadnis S V - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare two excisional treatments, laser cone biopsy and large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ), in terms of the volume of tissue removed, and to determine the relation between the height and the total volume of the cone specimen. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Large teaching hospital ...
Wazni Oussama - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the safety and efficacy of laser-assisted lead extraction and the indications, outcomes, and risk factors in a large series of consecutive patients. BACKGROUND: The need for lead extraction has been increasing in direct relationship to the increased numbers of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices. METHODS: ...
Ortiz Arisa E - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recently, there has been much debate regarding the long-term efficacy of fractional resurfacing devices. While pulsed CO(2) laser resurfacing is considered a highly effective treatment, fractionated resurfacing is a newer modality and its long-term efficacy has yet to be assessed. We report the long-term outcomes of subjects ...
Hwang Chian-Yaw - - 2010
The development of skin hyperpigmentation in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis (HD) have been well documented. However, the cosmetic concern was neither valued seriously nor treated effectively in the past. We report a female case who suffered from facial hyperpigmentation (FH). She was treated by large-spot sized, ...
Manuskiatti Woraphong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Uses of appropriate laser parameters are essential for an optimum outcome with minimal risks of complications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pulse width of a variable square pulse (VSP) Er:YAG laser on the treatment outcome. METHODS: Twenty-four Thais with periorbital wrinkles received two treatments with a low-fluence, VSP ...
Karsai Syrus - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ablative fractional lasers were introduced for treating facial rhytides in an attempt to achieve results comparable to traditional ablative resurfacing but with fewer side effects. However, there is conflicting evidence on how well this goal has generally been achieved as well as on the comparative value of ...
Demir Turgut - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present randomized controlled clinical trial was to assess the clinical and histopathological effects of laser and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on healing of the oral mucosa after vestibuloplasty surgery. METHODS: The alterations at the end of healing in scalpel- and laser-incised and LLLT-applied oral mucosa ...
Glade Robert S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Venous malformations are rare congenital aberrations of vein development frequently presenting in the head and neck. Without treatment, venous malformations cause progressive disfigurement, dysfunction, and bleeding. In this study, we analyzed a cohort of pediatric patients with cervicofacial venous malformations (CFVM), with the goal of developing a treatment algorithm ...
Watts Ashlee E - - 2010
To report a technique for laser-facilitated, minimally invasive proximal interphalangeal joint (PIJ) arthrodesis in horses. Case series. Horses (n=6); 5 thoracic and 2 pelvic limb PIJ. PIJ osteoarthritis (OA) diagnosis was confirmed by radiography. A diode laser was used to apply 2000 J of energy to the joint followed by ...
Costa Maíra S MS Division of Plastic Surgery, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2010
To assess the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) with output power of 30 and 60 mW in the viability of a random skin flap in rats. Output power values in LLLT are not well defined. Controlled, single-blind experimental study. Thirty-six animals were randomly distributed into three groups: sham group ...
Capon Alexandre - - 2010
The use of lasers has been proposed for scar revision. A recent pilot clinical study demonstrated that lasers could also be used immediately after surgery to reduce the appearance of scars. The LASH (Laser-Assisted Skin Healing) technique induces a temperature elevation in the skin which modifies the wound-healing process. We ...
Janne d'Othée Bertrand - - 2010
To assess outcomes after endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the small saphenous vein (SSV). Retrospective review was performed of all consecutive EVLA procedures performed over a 39-month period at three neighboring vein practices for symptomatic, duplex ultrasound-proven incompetence of the SSV. EVLA was performed under ultrasound guidance with an 810- ...
Amarillas-Escobar E Dar?o - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a therapeutic laser in the control of postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus associated with the surgical removal of impacted third molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted in 2 groups of 15 patients each undergoing surgical removal of impacted ...
Blumenkranz M S - - 2010
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss in working-age adults. Both inflammation and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) play a critical role, modern and emerging treatments have centred on both laser photocoagulation and new pharmacologic strategies to improve the prognosis. Focal and grid photocoagulation, as described in ...
Ancona Dvora - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a new fractional CO2 laser system for improving periorbital rhytids, tightening skin and elevating the eyebrow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred subjects with periocular wrinkles, tissue laxity, photoaged skin and moderate dermatochalasis of the ...
Moreni Sue L - - 2010
Objective. When pathologic discrepancy arises between high-grade cytology on Papanicolaou (Pap) smear and low-grade histology on cervical biopsy, Loop Electrosurgical Excisional Procedure (LEEP) is one management alternative. Our objective was to determine whether the time from initial HGSIL Pap to LEEP affects the pathologic grade of the LEEP specimen. Study ...
Yang Shih-Wei - - 2010
To evaluate the clinically associated factors of malignant transformation in patients who received laser surgery for oral dysplastic leukoplakia. The clinicopathological data of patients receiving laser surgery for dysplastic leukoplakia from 2002 to 2008 and HPV genomic DNA extracted from paraffin-embedded specimens were analyzed statistically. A total 114 patients, 90 ...
Pathak Bhuvan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The risk of iatrogenic rupture of membranes (IROM) is 5-30% after operative fetoscopy. The aim of this study was to describe outcomes of patients with IROM following selective laser photocoagulation of communicating vessels (SLPCV) for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) who were subsequently treated with amniopatch therapy. METHODS: A review ...
Youssef Tarek Fouad - - 2010
An experimental study was undertaken to investigate the use of a CO(2) laser welding technique in myringoplasty. Albumin solder was used to fix a temporal fascia graft via an overlay transcanal approach. The results of the operative procedure were assessed by microscopic and histopathologic examination over an interval of 1, ...
Sarafoleanu Codrut - - 2010
To evaluate the outcomes of endoscopic LASER assisted dacryocystorhinostomy without stenting, a total of 39 patients (41 eyes) with complains of epiphora and diagnosed with nasolacrimal duct obstruction were included in a prospective study. All the patients had the same preoperative assessment, including radiological and ophthalmologic evaluation, with repeated lacrimal ...
Castiñeiras Iria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a precancerous lesion of the lip. Treatment of AC is indicated for prevention of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), although the exact transition rate of AC to SCC is unknown. Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) laser vaporization seems to be an adequate therapy for AC, but there are ...
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