Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2004
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Shirakawa Makiko - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Aberrant Mongolian spots (AMS) distal from the lumbosacral region are said to be more apt to persist than the typical sacral AMS, so the Q-switched ruby laser (QSRL) has been the treatment of choice for AMS. However, so far as we could determine, there is no statistical ...
Simões Alyne - - 2010
The common consequences of radiotherapy (RT) to the head and neck are oral mucositis, xerostomia, and severe pain. The aim of this study was to verify how laser phototherapy (LPT) used for oral mucositis could influence xerostomia symptoms and hyposalivation of patients undergoing RT. Patients were divided into two groups: ...
Marotti Juliana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the treatment of recurrent herpes labialis (RHL) using a high-intensity laser or methylene blue (MB)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) in combination with low-level laser therapy (LLLT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four clinical cases of patients diagnosed with RHL are described in this report. ...
Zhang Xiu-Ying - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of the treatment of vitiligo using a 308 nm excimer laser. METHOD: Thirty-six patients with 44 vitiligo patches were treated using a 308 nm excimer laser, which was performed twice a week, for a total of 30 treatments. The therapeutic efficacy and ...
Rotundo Roberto - - 2010
AIM: This split-mouth, randomized, clinical trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy of erbium-doped:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Er:YAG) laser application in non-surgical periodontal treatment. Materials and METHODS: A total of 27 patients underwent four modalities of non-surgical therapy: supragingival debridement; scaling and root planing (SRP)+Er:YAG laser; Er:YAG laser; and SRP. Each strategy was randomly ...
Javadieh Farshad - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the healing of an osteochondral defect in rabbits. BACKGROUND DATA: Full-thickness defects of articular cartilage in the knee have a negligible capacity to heal spontaneously. Biostimulatory effects of LLLT on chondrocytes and ...
Wollina Uwe - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory non-cicatricial balanitis/balanoposthitis (Zoon 1952) is not uncommon among aged uncircumcised males. The course is chronic and will lead to severe epidermal atrophy. This disease is poorly responsive to topical treatment. The golden standard for treatment is circumcision. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and ...
Doganci S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare efficacy, early postoperative morbidity and patient comfort of two laser wavelengths and fibre types in treatment of great saphenous vein (GSV) incompetence resulting in varicosities of the lower limb. DESIGN: Prospective randomised clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients (106 limbs) ...
Sari E - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate two different acupuncture approaches in the treatment of orthodontic patients with a gagging reflex (GR). Forty-five patients (mean age 10.1 + or - 2.6 years) had an upper dental alginate impression taken prior to receiving laser stimulation. GR assessment was evaluated by ...
Suh Kee Suck - - 2011
Abstract Background: Melasma is difficult to treat and often recalcitrant to various treatments such as topical preparations and lasers. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the 1064-nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser in Asian patients with melasma. Methods: Twenty-three Korean patients (skin types III-V) with melasma were treated with the ...
Glade Robert - - 2010
Objectives: The neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser is a powerful tool in treating venous malformations (VMs) involving the upper airway. If left untreated, laryngeal VMs can lead to life-threatening airway obstruction. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic management of laryngeal VMs with the Nd:YAG laser. Methods: We performed a 12-year ...
Ozgursoy Ozan B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the manofluorographic and functional outcomes after endoscopic laser cricopharyngeal myotomy (ELCPM) for cricopharyngeal (CP) bar. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Academic medical center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Review of patients undergoing ELCPM between 2001 and 2007 was undertaken to determine the demographic, clinical, and manofluorographic ...
Olivi Giovanni - - 2010
The labial frenum may impede oral hygiene and result in diastema between anterior teeth and traction of the attached gingiva. Surgical removal of the frenum during puberty has been recommended for these patients. This article clinically evaluates the efficacy of an Er,Cr:YSGG laser in removing the labial frenum in an ...
Landsman Adam S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Noveon is a unique dual-wavelength near-infrared diode laser used to treat onychomycosis. The device operates at physiologic temperatures that are thermally safe for human tissue. It uses only 870- and 930-nm near-infrared light, wavelengths that have unique photolethal effects on fungal pathogens. These wavelengths lack the teratogenic danger ...
Kumar V - - 2010
To compare the efficacy of subthreshold diode laser photocoagulation with conventional threshold diode laser in clinically significant macular oedema (CSME) in diabetics. Prospective randomised controlled trial. Thirty eyes of 20 patients with CSME having central macular thickness (CMT) >or=250 microm on optical coherence tomography (OCT) and best corrected Snellen visual ...
Michaelides Michel - - 2010
To report the findings at 1 year of a study comparing repeated intravitreal bevacizumab (ivB) and modified Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) macular laser therapy (MLT) in patients with persistent clinically significant diabetic macular edema (CSME). Prospective, randomized, masked, single-center, 2-year, 2-arm clinical trial. A total of 80 ...
Karsai S - - 2010
Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disease and can pose a substantial therapeutic challenge. Recently, several phototherapeutic modalities, most notably pulsed-dye laser (PDL) treatment, have been introduced, but the published results - albeit promising - are controversial. To assess the efficacy of an adjuvant PDL treatment when combined with ...
Eisfeld Wiebke - - 2010
Tonsillotomy is accepted as a safe and effective method for treatment of obstructive sleep-related respiratory disturbances in children. However, the question of inflammatory complications in the remaining tonsillar tissue is still present for long-term progression. Investigations performed with multiple-year observations should contribute to a clarification of the indicative conditions. A ...
Koutroubakis Ioannis E - - 2010
The most frequent localization of ulcerative colitis (UC) is the distal colon. In treating patients with active distal UC, efficacy and targeting of the drug to the distal colon are key priorities. Oral and rectal 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) preparations represent the first line therapy of mild-to-moderate distal UC for both ...
Hunzeker Christopher M - - 2010
Despite the proven effectiveness of the 595-nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) in treating superficial infantile hemangiomas, many physicians are reluctant to treat such lesions involving the eyelid. OBJECTIVE To examine the safety and efficacy of the 595-nm PDL for the treatment of superficial infantile hemangiomas of the eyelid. Records were ...
Karsai Syrus - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported positive results of nonablative laser treatment of xanthelasma palpebrarum, but the published evidence is weak and inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the effect of pulsed dye laser (PDL) treatment of xanthelasmas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty female Caucasian patients with 38 lesions (< or =1 mm ...
Luo Di-Qing - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anesthetic efficacy of topical application of 1% tetracaine gel before and after a Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) laser procedure. BACKGROUND DATA: A variety of topical anesthetics are available for painful cutaneous procedures, including laser treatments, which are applied before treatment. METHODS: Seventy-nine adults were ...
Wang Yi-Shi - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ablative carbon dioxide resurfacing is the gold standard for treating atrophic acne scarring but is associated with prolonged recovery and many side effects. To address these limitations, newer modalities employing the principle of fractional photothermolysis have emerged. METHODS: We undertook a prospective study whereby five Asian patients of skin ...
Kutlubay Zekayi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Acne scars are extremely disturbing to patients, both physically and psychologically. This study assessed the safety and efficacy of the erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser on acne scars. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of resurfacing atrophic facial acne scars with the Er:YAG laser in the Turkish population. METHODS: A total ...
Thomas Joanne L - - 2010
A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the incidence of adverse effects following Q-switched ruby laser treatment of pigmented lesions at the Wessex Specialist Laser Centre. Sixty-one patients received a total of 151 treatments between January 2006 and January 2008. This is the largest series to date of patients on ...
Jabłonowski Zbigniew - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of visual laser ablation treatment with neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser in male patients with urethral strictures and to compare the effects with those obtained in patients treated with Sachse's optical urethrotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients aged 22 to 83 (mean age 61.8) ...
Meriki N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To audit the outcome for laser photocoagulation for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) as managed by the New South Wales Fetal Therapy Centre (NSW FTC). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study. Outcome data were reviewed for referrals between June 2003 and June 2008.The outcome measures included the severity of TTTS at ...
Mahmoud Bassel H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease involving the intertriginous areas. OBJECTIVE: We sought to conduct clinical and histopathologic evaluation of the efficacy of long-pulsed neodymium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser treatment for HS. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, right-left within-patient controlled trial for HS (n = 22). Four monthly laser ...
Aras Mutan Hamdi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the tolerance of lingual frenectomy with regard to a local anesthesia requirement and comparison of postsurgical discomfort experienced by patients operated on with both diode and erbium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Er:YAG) lasers. BACKGROUND: Ankyloglossia, commonly known as tongue-tie, is a congenital oral anomaly characterized ...
Vasilenko Tomás - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the effects of different power densities of LLLT at 635 and 670 nm achieving a daily dose of 5 J/cm(2) on wound tensile strength (TS) in rats. BACKGROUND DATA: Optimal parameters of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) are still unknown. MATERIALS AND ...
Mahmoud Bassel H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ablative resurfacing lasers are effective for treatment of acne scars, but they have a high risk of complications. Fractional lasers have less severe side effects but more moderate efficacy than ablative devices. Studies were performed in individuals with Fitzpatrick skin type I to VI. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy ...
Scoletta Matteo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to detail the clinical efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) for the management of bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ-BP). BACKGROUND: ONJ-BP is the correct term, recently emerged, to describe a significant complication in a subset of patients receiving drugs such as zoledronic ...
Cho Sung Bin - - 2010
Laser treatments using 532-/1064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) lasers are popular non-ablative and selective photothermolysis therapies for pigmentary disorders. We treated three male Korean patients (aged 23, 27 and 24 years) for smoker's gingival hyperpigmentation using a 532-nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. At each treatment session, the laser was ...
Schwarz Thomas - - 2010
Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) is one of the most accepted treatment options for varicose veins. In previous studies conducted with a laser at 810 to 1320 nm, paresthesia, pain, and ecchymosis were common adverse effects. We hypothesized that a lower linear endovenous energy density (LEED), as used with 1470-nm diode ...
Correa-Afonso Alessandra M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of irradiation distance and the use of cooling in the Er:YAG laser efficacy in preventing enamel demineralization. METHODS: 84 enamel blocks were randomly assigned to seven groups (n=12): G1: control group - no treatment, G2-G7: experimental groups treated with ...
Caspani Bruno - - 2010
To demonstrate the effectiveness and the safety of laser thermal ablation (LTA) in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) deemed not accessible for other percutaneous procedures (radiofrequency ablation, sclerotherapy). From September 2003 to August 2008, 140 patients with HCC nodules were treated. In 49 patients, the lesions were localized in ...
Le Duff F - - 2010
The 308-nm excimer laser and 308-nm excimer lamp have both been shown to be effective in treating vitiligo but a direct comparison has never been performed. To test the equivalence of these two devices for treating nonsegmental vitiligo. A randomized monocentric study was undertaken. One lesion was treated with the ...
Sanu Olaleye - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the proportion of incomplete resection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1-3) may be reduced by CIN Excisor compared with loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective trial during a 2-year period at a district general hospital in London, United Kingdom, including 420 ...
Eivazi Behfar - - 2010
We examined the clinical appearance of mucosal venous malformations of the upper aerodigestive tract with regard to their accessibility to laser therapy and further assessed the value of treatment of these lesions with the Nd:YAG and CO(2) lasers. A retrospective study was performed in 50 patients who had undergone laser ...
Nam Dong Heun - - 2010
Combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE) is a rare, benign tumor, but there are no established managements for CHRRPE. A patient with CHRRPE who is treated successfully by the new combination therapy was described. A 32-year-old man was diagnosed as having CHRRPE after evaluation with ophthalmoscopy, ...
Vincent Robert - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare short-term hearing results in patients undergoing laser stapedotomy for primary otosclerosis using either the flexible potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) or CO(2) laser fiber. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized clinical study at a tertiary referral center. METHODS: Two hundred fourteen patients undergoing 214 stapedotomies for otosclerotic stapes fixation were ...
Maschke C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate prenatal and postnatal growth of twins with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) after intrauterine laser coagulation. STUDY DESIGN: The weight and length of 54 sets of twins with severe TTTS surviving intrauterine laser coagulation at the intervention (median 20+4 weeks), at birth ...
Angeletti Pierangelo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of laser therapy on bone regeneration in the midpalatal anterior suture (MPAS) after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). METHODS: Thirteen patients aged between 18 and 33 years old with maxillary transverse deficiency (> or =7.0 mm) were evaluated. ...
Gonzalez Victor H - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe the efficacy, outcomes, and complications of confluent laser technique in a cohort of premature infants with threshold retinopathy of prematurity. Laser photocoagulation has a good treatment outcome in the management of retinopathy of prematurity; however, the number and density of laser spots remains debatable. Laser treatment can ...
Yang Yun-Seok - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Various repigmentation patterns such as perifollicular, marginal, diffuse, and mixed configuration can occur in vitiligo. The aim of this study was to clinically assess the types of repigmentation patterns obtained with narrow-band ultraviolet B (NBUVB) phototherapy or targeted phototherapy using a 308 nm excimer laser and to reveal whether ...
Ferreira Esmeralci - - 2010
There is a scarcity of cost-effectiveness analyses in the national literature comparing drug-eluting stents (DES) with bare-metal stents (BMS), at late follow-up. To estimate the Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) between DES and BMS in uniarterial coronariopathy. 217 patients (130 DES and 87 BMS), with 48 months of follow-up (mean = ...
Lim Bernard - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine whether the treatment of oral leukoplakia with potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) lasers versus CO(2) lasers results in lower recurrence rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective data were collected from the records of 30 patients (mean age 75.6 years) with 35 primary oral leukoplakia who had their lesions ablated by KTP ...
Karsai Syrus - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laser treatment of facial rhytides has evolved as a major modality of aesthetic surgery. Published results, while generally encouraging, feature highly diverse evaluation methods, which makes an evidence-based assessment of treatment efficacy and safety all but impossible. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of different instruments of measurement. PATIENTS/METHODS: Twenty-eight ...
Al-Mutairi Nawaf - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Some cases of focal or segmental vitiligo are refractory to medical treatment, and surgical management is the treatment of choice. Postsurgical exposure to ultraviolet B rays can lead to faster and better cosmetic results. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term results of combination therapy with split-skin-thickness grafting and 308-nm excimer ...
Phadnis S V - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare two excisional treatments, laser cone biopsy and large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ), in terms of the volume of tissue removed, and to determine the relation between the height and the total volume of the cone specimen. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Large teaching hospital ...
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