Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2035
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ghogawala Zoher - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in the United States (US) and in the world. OBJECTIVE:: To determine the feasibility of a randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing the clinical effectiveness and costs of ventral versus dorsal decompression with fusion surgery for treating ...
van Breugel Nathalie H - - 2010
This study was performed to assess the cost-effectiveness of concomitant ablation surgery (AS) compared to regular cardiac surgery in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients over a one-year follow-up. Cost analysis was performed from a societal perspective alongside a prospective, randomised, double-blinded, multicentre trial. One hundred and fifty patients with documented AF ...
Craver Christopher W - - 2010
Fluconazole is a standard first-line therapy for candidemia/invasive candidiasis (C/IC), based on its efficacy, safety profile, and comparatively low acquisition cost. However, little is known about the total costs associated with fluconazole treatment for this indication, particularly in cases of clinical failure. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Feng Bo - - 2010
Few studies evaluate the cost-effectiveness issues of laparoscopic anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer. This study evaluates direct and indirect costs of LAR and its long-term survival rate in rectal cancer patients. This prospective nonrandomized controlled trial included 2 endpoints (direct and indirect costs, and disease-free survival). From January 2003 ...
Sergi Bruno - - 2010
Auditory testing is not routinely performed within 4 to 6 weeks after stapedotomy because hearing acuity is thought to be transiently depressed. The early postoperative effects of the 1-shot carbon dioxide (CO2) laser have never been reported. The purpose of this study is to present data for auditory thresholds measured ...
Indinnimeo M - - 2010
The cost-effectiveness and budget impact of introducing sacral nerve modulation (SNM) as a treatment for fecal incontinence in Italy were evaluated in a simulation model. A decision-analysis model with a Markov submodel was used to represent clinical pathways for treatment of patients with fecal incontinence in a scenario with SNM ...
Byrd J Kenneth - - 2010
To compare the cost of minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) with conventional thyroidectomy. A cost-effectiveness study and chart review. Academic university hospital. Pediatric and adult patients referred to the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery for suspicious thyroid nodules, goiters, or known carcinomas. A tertiary care hospital's billing department was ...
Schneider Ralph - - 2010
Treatment options for secondary hyperparathyroidism were significantly amended with the introduction of cinacalcet and paricalcitol. Limitations of resources in public health systems demand detailed analyses of accruing costs. The aim of this study was to compare the costs of these new treatment modalities to surgery. Patients who underwent initial parathyroidectomy ...
Fearon William F - - 2010
The Fractional Flow Reserve Versus Angiography for Multivessel Evaluation (FAME) study demonstrated significantly improved health outcomes at 1 year in patients randomized to multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention guided by fractional flow reserve (FFR) compared with percutaneous coronary intervention guided by angiography alone. The economic impact of routine measurement of FFR ...
Kartsiounis Christos - - 2011
Abstract The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of CO(2) laser with that of ultrasonic scalpel in cervical conization in terms of intraoperative and postoperative outcome. One-hundred and two patients were submitted to cervical conization by ultrasonically activated scalpel, while 97 patients were submitted to cervical ...
Jung Jin Young - - 2010
Adequate laser settings in the treatment of scars using a carbon dioxide fractional laser system (CO(2) FS) have not been established. To compare the efficacy and safety of low-fluence, high-density with high-fluence, low-density treatment with CO(2) FS on acne scars and enlarged pores. Ten patients with mild to severe atrophic ...
Chen Sonia S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS:: Assess for complications of intranasal Bevacizumab application in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT)-associated epistaxis. STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective chart review. METHODS:: In 58 patients presenting with recurrent HHT epistaxis, Bevacizumab was applied intranasally either as a submucosal injection or as a topical spray between October 2006 and June 2010. ...
Lončar Božana - - 2011
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser irradiation on the secretory function of salivary glands in 34 patients with xerostomia (dry mouth). Background Data: Xerostomia, a common complaint of oral dryness within the elderly population, is caused by a reduction in normal ...
Jung J Y - - 2011
Objective  This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacies of 1550- and 1565-nm Er:glass lasers in the treatment of periorbital wrinkles and to evaluate histological changes after treatment. Methods  Twenty patients received five treatments each at 3-week intervals. The right periorbital area was exposed to the 1550-nm Er:glass laser and ...
Basmak Hikmet - - 2011
To evaluate the role of concomitant endonasal procedures in endocanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). This was a retrospective study, conducted on adult patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Thirty-one (seven bilateral) patients formed group 1 and 37 (five bilateral) patients group 2. Group 1 underwent endocanalicular laser DCR. In ...
Rathod Jawahar - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate safety and effectiveness of the laser fiber with wavelength of 1470 nm for ablation of symptomatic varicose veins. This was a prospective study carried out from November 2007 to October 2009. Seventy-six limbs in 72 consecutive patients were treated by endovenous laser ...
Alghamdi Khalid M - - 2010
Cutaneous leishmaniasis can lead to unsightly atrophic scars, which have limited treatment options. There is a scarcity of literature on its treatment modalities. Fractional lasers have been successfully used in treating a variety of skin conditions with minimal downtime and side effects. We report a successful treatment of a 25-year-old ...
Campbell Tracy M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and classification of adverse events (AEs) associated with fractionated carbon dioxide (CO₂) laser treatment. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 373 successive fractionated 10,600-nm CO₂ laser treatments in 287 patients conducted in a single center. AEs of laser therapy, including onset, duration, and treatment, were identified ...
Cervelli Valerio - - 2010
Scar management is a long-term process. A variety of modalities have been employed and, depending on scar type, treatment may be invasive and/or conservative. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new CO2 laser resurfacing for post-traumatic and pathological scars and to compare this device with classic dermabrasion. ...
Trelles Mario A - - 2010
Leg telangiectasias have been reported to have been treated with a variety of lasers. This study was designed to measure response to treatment of leg telangiectasias with a unique coupled 585 nm and 1064 nm pulse. Sixty female patients (24-62 y.o., skin types II-IV) with leg vein varicosities were treated ...
Moshirfar Majid - - 2010
To compare the incidence of flap complications after creation of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flaps using a zero-compression microkeratome or a femtosecond laser. John A. Moran Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Evidence-based manuscript. The flap complication rate was evaluated during the ...
Pronk P - - 2010
Comparison of sapheno-femoral ligation and stripping (SFL/S) versus endovenous laser ablation (EVLA, 980-nm) in the treatment of great saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency, using local tumescent anaesthesia. Randomised, single centre trial. Patients with GSV incompetence and varicose veins were randomised to either SFL/S or EVLA. At days 1, 2, 3, 7, ...
Altan Burcu Ayse - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 820-nm diode laser on osteoclastic and osteoblastic cell proliferation-activity and RANKL/OPG release during orthodontic tooth movement. Thirty-eight albino Wistar rats were used for this experiment. Maxillary incisors of the subjects were moved orthodontically by a helical spring with force ...
Darwish Qasem Kholoud - - 2012
Abstract Background: Laser treatment of amateur tattoos on Fitzpatrick type V skin produces a considerable risk of complications because of the increased incidence of adverse pigmentary changes. The principle of selective photothermolysis predicts that the Q-switched alexandrite laser should be effective in removing tattoo ink with minimal side effects in ...
Silva Geisa Badauy Lauria GB Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Unit, Araújo Jorge Hospital, Goiás Fight Cancer Association, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. - - 2011
Patients who have received high doses of chemotherapy, either alone or in combination with total body irradiation often cite oral mucositis (OM) as the most debilitating side effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the prevention of conditioning-induced OM ...
Kunt Göknil Ergün - - 2012
We investigated the effects of different Er:YAG laser treatments on the surface roughness of base metal alloys. A total of 36 specimens were prepared of two base metal alloys (Wiron 99, Bellabond plus). The surfaces of the specimens were standardized by gradual wet grinding with 320-, 600-, 800- and 1,000-grit ...
Leclère Franck Marie - - 2010
Venous ulcers are chronic wounds affecting up to 1% of adults in developed countries. Considering that noncontact normothermic therapy has been shown to modify the wound healing process, we conducted a prospective comparative clinical trial aimed at evaluating 980 nm diode laser in laser-assisted venous ulcer healing. Thirty-four Caucasian patients ...
Marchese Maria Raffaella - - 2011
To assess and compare the functional results obtained by means of multiple-shot Erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser to those obtained using "one-shot" CO(2) laser stapedotomy in patients affected by otosclerosis. A retrospective case review was performed. Of the total number of 123 patients (114 ears) who underwent primary small-fenestra stapedotomy from ...
Garcia Miki S - - 2010
Dermatosis papulosa nigra (DPN) is a common variant of seborrheic keratoses in darkly pigmented individuals. Treatment options include cryosurgery, curettage, electrosurgery, and shave removal. To compare the efficacy and complications of pulsed dye laser (PDL) therapy for the treatment of DPN with those of curettage and electrodesiccation. Randomized, controlled, single-center, ...
Assaf Samer A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to describe amniotic fluid (AF) normalization after laser surgery for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). Patients with TTTS (n = 174) who had laser surgery from 2006 through 2009 underwent serial measurements of the AF maximum vertical pockets (MVPs) during postoperative weeks 1 through 10. ...
Dilsiz Alparslan - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three types of lasers, Er:YAG, Nd:YAG, and GaAlAs (Diode), as dentin desensitizers, as well as to determine both the immediate and late therapeutic effects on teeth with gingival recessions. The study was conducted on 24 patients with 96 teeth ...
De Souza Thaís Oricchio Fedri - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of low-level laser on the control of pain and the repair of recurring aphthous stomatitis (RAS). One of the most frequent pathologic conditions in the oral cavity is RAS. This multifactor immunologic inflammatory lesion causes patient discomfort, and treatment ...
Armenores Paul - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Actinic cheilitis is a common condition with the potential to develop into squamous cell carcinoma. Current treatments have varying cure rates and complications. The role of the erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser in the treatment of actinic cheilitis has not been widely published, despite offering theoretical advantages over current treatment modalities. ...
Brenninkmeijer E E A - - 2010
Recent findings have established the 308-nm xenon chloride excimer laser (EL) as a new option in the area of ultraviolet (UV) B phototherapy. As this laser enables high radiant exposure of narrowband UVB and precise targeting of affected skin, it appears to be a promising treatment for the prurigo form ...
Bregnhøj A - - 2010
Ink markers are tattooed as landmarks before radiotherapy of breast cancer with the purpose of obtaining a precise radiation field. The black tattoo spots may cause potential psychological distress for the affected women. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects in a side-by-side comparison ...
de Oliveira Guirro Elaine Caldeira EC Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2010
To analyze the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), 670 nm, with doses of 4 and 7 J/cm(2), on the repair of surgical wounds covered by occlusive dressings. The effect of LLLT on the healing process of covered wounds is not well defined. For the histologic analysis with HE staining, 50 male ...
Hadi Suhail M SM Department of Dermatology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA. - - 2010
The objective was to study the effectiveness of the 308-nm excimer laser for the treatment of various forms of localized stable psoriasis. Recent reports show that 308-nm excimer laser may be an effective and safe method for the treatment of localized stable psoriasis. A retrospective chart review was performed of ...
Fukuoka Hiroshi - - 2011
To clarify the healing-promoting effects of carbon dioxide laser irradiation in high and low reactive-level laser therapies (HLLT and LLLT, respectively) on extraction sockets after tooth extraction. Forty-two 5-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into laser irradiation and non-irradiation (control) groups and compared. The laser-irradiation group underwent HLLT immediately after ...
Xu Lisa Y - - 2011
To assess clinical and histopathologic changes occurring after long-pulsed 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). Prospective, controlled clinical and histologic study of patients with Hurley stage II HS disease. Outpatient dermatology department at Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan. Nineteen patients with Fitzpatrick skin types II to VI with ...
Lee Sang Eun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Late-stage striae distensae is a type of scar characterized by a loss of collagen and elastic fibers in the dermis. Ablative 10,600-nm carbon dioxide fractional laser systems (CO₂ FS) have been used successfully for the treatment of various types of scars. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of using ...
Polese Lino - - 2011
Different ablation techniques have been utilized in the treatment of Barrett's esophagus (BE) to reduce the risk of degeneration. Treatment complications, risk of recurrence, and buried intestinal metaplasia (IM) are all major concerns. The effect of diode laser treatment on BE, studied in a group of patients over a long-term ...
Wang Linhui - - 2010
The outcome of thulium laser urethrotomy for patients with urethral stricture had not been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcome of endourethrotomy with the thulium laser as a minimally invasive treatment for urethral stricture. Twenty-one consecutive patients with urethral stricture were evaluated by retrograde uroflowmetry, International ...
Andres Robert H - - 2010
The authors describe a modification of the medial branch kryorhizotomy technique for the treatment of lumbar facet joint syndrome using a fluoroscopy-based laser-guided method. A total of 32 patients suffering from lumbar facet joint syndrome confirmed by positive medial nerve block underwent conventional or laser-guided kryorhizotomy. The procedural time (20.6 ...
De Moor Roeland J G - - 2010
The study assessed the efficacy of laser activated irrigation (LAI) with Erbium: Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Er:YAG) and Erbium Chromium: Yttrium Scandium Gallium Garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) wavelengths as compared with passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI). Previously proposed irrigation times were used for LAI (4x 5 seconds) and the intermittent flush technique (3x 20 ...
Wind Bas S - - 2010
Melasma is a uichronic, often relapsing skin disorder, with poor long-term results from all current therapies. To assess efficacy and safety of non-ablative 1,550 nm fractional laser therapy (FLT) as compared to the gold standard, triple topical therapy (TTT). Twenty-nine patients with melasma were included in a randomized controlled observer-blinded ...
Hütz Werner W - - 2010
To investigate the efficacy of two excimer laser techniques for recurrent corneal erosions (RCEs). Of 100 patients with RCEs not responding to common treatments, 50 received transepithelial (group 1) and 50 received subepithelial (group 2) treatment of 20 pulses of a 193-nm excimer laser (170 J/cm(2)). Postoperative follow-up occurred at ...
Kustarci Alper - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of antimicrobial pretreatments [chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), Clearfil Protect Bond (CPB), and potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) laser] on microleakage under metal orthodontic brackets. Sixty freshly-extracted human premolars were randomly assigned to four equal groups: group 1, 37% phosphoric acid; group 2, 37% phosphoric ...
Pozo Jesús del - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Milia are a usual consultation in dermatologic practice and optimal treatment modalities are not established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and the safety of CO(2) laser vaporization in the treatment of milia. METHODS: We report four patients, aged from 12 to 50 years old, with different variants of milia: ...
Sadick Neil S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The safety and efficacy of a 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser (Cynosure, Westford, USA) utilizing a 300-microm optical fiber and a 1-mm diameter micro-cannula were evaluated as a treatment for reduction in the appearance or elimination of unwanted fat in the lower back/flanks ('love handles'). In addition, the use of the ...
Yilmaz Hasan Guney - - 2010
Mucous membrane pemphigoid is a heterogeneous group of autoimmune, subepithelial, blistering diseases. A combination of topical and systemic steroid treatment is often used when managing patients with mucous membrane pemphigoid. The use of systemic steroids presents an increased risk of adverse side effects. Consequently, effective alternative modalities of therapy should ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >