Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 2042
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Swaminath Arun - - 2011
Ulcerative colitis can be complicated by the development of leukocytoclastic vasculitis, a cutaneous vasculitis with the potential for systemic involvement. We present a man with a history of ulcerative colitis complicated by end-stage liver disease secondary to sclerosing cholangitis requiring a liver transplant. The patient developed new-onset vasculitis and diarrhea ...
Ozturk E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Preperitoneal catheter analgesia following abdominal surgery has attracted interest in the last decade. We conducted this study to evaluate the benefits of preperitoneal catheter analgesia in managing pain after abdominal colon and rectal resections. METHODS: A total of 50 patients undergoing colon and rectal resections for benign and malignant ...
Kobayashi Yasuo - - 2011
An ileal pouch is usually reconstructed as an alternative to a neorectum after a total proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the real defecatory function of an ileal pouch is uncertain. This study was designed to analyze the functional and clinical outcomes after a proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) ...
Tomomasa Takeshi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Leukocytapheresis (LCAP) is a nonpharmacologic therapy that has recently been used to treat ulcerative colitis (UC). This multicenter open-label study prospectively assessed the efficacy and safety of LCAP in pediatric patients with UC. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: Twenty-three patients ages 8 to 16 years with moderate (n = 19) to ...
Paspatis Gregorios A - - 2011
Aim:  Polypectomy techniques in the removal of (3-8) mm size range polyps are inconsistent. The aim of our study was to compare cold (CSP) with hot snare polypectomy (HSP) in the occurrence of postpolypectomy bleeding in small colonic polyps with a (3-8) mm size range. Method:  414 consecutive patients with ...
Rudolph G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Patients with PSC and IBD have a high incidence of colonic carcinomas (CRC), and the annual incidence of CRC increases with duration of disease. UDCA treatment has been suggested to reduce colonic dysplasias and carcinomas. AIMS: The annual incidence of colorectal carcinomas after long-term UDCA treatment was studied. METHODS: ...
Yoon Young Kyung - - 2011
Objectives The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for prolonged carriage of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) in intensive care units (ICUs). Methods A retrospective case-control study was performed in the ICUs of a university hospital in Korea from September 2006 to July 2009. VREF carriage was ...
Setoyama Takeshi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recently, endoscopic band ligation (EBL) has been used to treat colonic diverticular hemorrhage, but the number of EBL cases treated to date has been limited. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of EBL in the treatment of colonic diverticular hemorrhage compared with those of endoclips. METHODS: At ...
Cho Yu Kyung - - 2011
There are limited data regarding the clinical outcomes of self-expandable metal stents in the treatment of proximal colon obstruction. We compared the clinical outcomes of stent placement in patients with malignant proximal to distal colon obstructions. We reviewed medical records from 37 consecutive patients from three institutions (19 men; mean ...
Shamsi Meymandi S - - 2011
Background  Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in developing countries. Several types of treatments have been suggested, but none of them is completely effective and without side-effects. CO(2) laser has a specific thermolysis effect on infected tissues in CL. Objectives  To determine the efficacy and safety of CO(2) laser vs. combined ...
Kim Michael H - - 2011
Detailed information on the cost burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) is limited. To provide an up-to-date estimate of the national cost of AF, we conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study using administrative claims from the MarketScan Commercial and Medicare Supplemental research data bases, 2004 to 2006. Patients aged ≥20 years ...
Frick Kevin D KD Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2011
To assess the impact of the rate of spontaneous resolution of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction on the relative cost-effectiveness of deferred nasolacrimal duct probing in a surgical facility (DFPS) compared with an immediate office-based probing surgery (IOPS). Data from the literature, Medicare 2009 fee schedule, and consensus assumptions were combined ...
Takeuchi Nozomi - - 2011
Endoscopic submucosal dissection has made it possible to resect large lesions during a single operation. The present study was undertaken to compare the time taken for recovery from artificial ulcers after endoscopic submucosal dissection between an H(2) Receptor Antagonist treatment group and a Proton Pump Inhibitor treatment group, focusing on ...
Eggers Mitchell D - - 2011
Four wound closure techniques for total knee arthroplasty were compared in a prospective, randomized, controlled, institutional review board-approved study with 75 subjects. The study compared tissue adhesives, stapling, and suturing with respect to procedure time and cost, together with functional and clinical outcome. Total knee arthroplasty closure time (capsule to ...
Jowett Sue - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oral anticoagulants are effective at reducing stroke compared with aspirin in atrial fibrillation patients older than 75 years. Although the benefits of reduced stroke risk outweigh the risks of bleeding, the cost effectiveness of warfarin in this patient population has not yet been established. METHODS: An economic ...
Dewilde Sarah - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of adding eptifibatide to the standard treatment for selected high-risk patients undergoing coronary stenting in Germany. Furthermore, to investigate the impact of several extrapolation methods on the results. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to reflect the clinical events in this specific patient population, including ...
Gelsomino Sandro - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Cost-effectiveness of heart surgery for elderly patients is still poorly defined. We evaluated outcome, quality of life (QoL), cost, and cost-effectiveness of octogenarians undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: One thousand six hundred forty octogenarians undergoing various cardiac surgical procedures were prospectively studied between January 1998 and January 2009 and compared ...
Leroi Anne-Marie - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Sacral nerve modulation (SNM) is an established treatment for urinary and fecal incontinence in patients for whom conservative management has failed. OBJECTIVE:: This study assessed the outcome and cost analysis of SNM compared to alternative medical and surgical treatments. METHODS:: Clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness analyses were performed in parallel ...
Koo Vincent - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (cost effectiveness) Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Stone management economics is a complex issue. FURS and SWL are recognised treatment option for lower pole kidney stones. There are paucity of data comparing cost implication and effectiveness of ...
de Korte N - - 2011
Aim:  Conservative treatment of mild colonic diverticulitis usually consists of observation, restriction of oral intake, intravenous fluids and antibiotics. The beneficiary effect of antibiotics remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the need for antibiotics in mild colonic diverticulitis. Method:  A retrospective case-controlled study was performed in ...
Bizarro Pedro - - 2011
Objectives: In the present study, we determined the cumulative costs and outcomes of endovascular treatment of thrombosed autogenous arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) at our medical center. Background: Previous studies examining the salvage procedures of thrombosed AVFs have focused exclusively on clinical outcomes, and, in the absence of costing data, current guidelines ...
Huang Bin-Tao - - 2011
High-dose arabinoside (HiDAC) and daunorubicin (DNR)-based chemotherapy are the primary consolidation treatment options for older adults (50-60 years old) with acute myeloid leukemia in China. We analyzed the event-free survival (EFS) and hospital treatment charges of older adult patients with different cytogenetic risk profiles. In patients with a better/intermediate risk profile, ...
Hullfish Kathie L - - 2011
To compare the relative cost effectiveness of treatment decision alternatives for post-hysterectomy pelvic organ prolapse (POP). A Markov decision analysis model was used to assess and compare the relative cost effectiveness of expectant management, use of a pessary, and surgery for obtaining months of quality-adjusted life over 1 year. Sensitivity ...
Mahoney Elizabeth M - - 2011
Objectives: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of carotid stenting vs. carotid endarterectomy using data from the SAPPHIRE trial. Background: Carotid stenting with embolic protection has been introduced as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy for prevention of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events among patients at increased surgical risk. Methods: Between August 2000 and ...
Narayan Pradeep - - 2011
Objective: Endovascular treatment is increasingly used to treat complicated aortic pathology. The aim of the study was to assess if compared with operative repair, thoracic endovascular repair of aorta (TEVAR) was associated with a cost benefit in management of diseases affecting the descending thoracic aorta. We also compared early and ...
Anne-Marie Leroi - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Sacral nerve modulation (SNM) is an established treatment for urinary and fecal incontinence in patients for whom conservative management has failed. OBJECTIVE:: This study assessed the outcome and cost analysis of SNM compared to alternative medical and surgical treatments. METHODS:: Clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness analyses were performed in parallel ...
Lier D D Institute of Health Economics, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2011
To conduct an economic evaluation of the use of trans-obturator tape (TOT) compared with tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) in the surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women. Cost utility analysis from public-payer perspective, conducted alongside a randomised clinical trial (RCT). Health services provided in Alberta, Canada. A total ...
Bhattacharyya Neil - - 2011
Objective. To quantify the cost burden and utilization of health care for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Study Design. Historical cohort study. Setting. Academic medical centers. Methods. Medical claims data from 2003 to 2008 were analyzed. Patients were defined as having chronic sinus disease if they had a minimum of 2 CRS-related ...
Hallert Eva - - 2011
Objective. To explore possible association between disease activity at 3-month follow-up after RA diagnosis and costs over the following 4 years. Methods. Three-hundred and twenty patients with early (≤1 year) RA were assessed at regular intervals. Clinical and laboratory data were collected and patients reported health-care utilization and number of ...
Colak Mehmet - - 2011
PURPOSE: The metabolic energy cost of walking is altered by pathological changes in gait. It is thought that anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency alters the energy requirement for level walking through its effect on gait pattern. In this study, it is hypothesised that the metabolic energy cost of walking would ...
Verhaegen Veronique J O - - 2011
The 2 most frequently used endoscopic methods to treat Zenker's diverticulum are staple-assisted and CO(2) laser esophagodiverticulostomy. The study centered around a retrospective evaluation of 107 patients with Zenker's diverticulum who were treated endoscopically by CO(2) laser (n = 72) or staple-assisted diverticulostomy (n = 35). Patients in the staple-assisted ...
Hung Chi-Sheng - - 2011
Drug-eluting stents (DESs) have been shown to reduce in-stent restenosis and target vessel revascularization (TVR) in large clinical trials. We conducted this study to elucidate the differences in the cost and clinical outcome of DESs and bare metal stents (BMSs). We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and costs of patients ...
Shavakhi Ahmad - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of two methods of colon preparation for colon cleansing in a randomized controlled trial. In this prospective randomized investigator-blinded trial, consecutive outpatients indicated for elective colonoscopy were randomized into two groups. Patients in Senna group took 24 tablets of 11 ...
Andersson Swen-Olof - - 2011
Abstract Objective. The cost of radical prostatectomy (RP) compared to watchful waiting (WW) has never been estimated in a randomized trial. The goal of this study was to estimate long-term total costs per patient associated with RP and WW arising from inpatient and outpatient hospital care. Material and methods. This ...
Skidmore Grant - - 2011
ABSTRACT: STUDY DESIGN: Economic evaluation from the societal perspective using data from various sources including a multicenter, randomized clinical trial.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative cost-effectiveness of interspinous process decompression using the X-STOP Interspinous Spacer (Medtronic, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA) compared to both conservative care (CC) and laminectomy (LAMI) for moderately impaired ...
Antoñanzas F - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of the combination therapy with dutasteride and tamsulosin (DUT+TAM) as initiation treatment versus the most used drug in Spain, tamsulosin (TAM), in the treatment of moderate to severe benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with risk of progression. METHODS: a semi-Markov model was developed ...
Amirnia Mehdi - - 2011
Abstract Background: Psoriasis is a common chronic disease. It is estimated that between US$1.6 billion and US$3.2 billion is spent per year to treat psoriasis. Objective: To compare psoralen plus UV-A (PUVA) therapy with topical steroids in moderate plaque psoriasis. Methods: In this randomized, clinical trial with cost analysis, 88 ...
Gómez C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We report clinical and functional outcomes obtained after application of an autologous bioengineered composite skin (ABCS) produced in a single Spanish tissue-engineering unit. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twenty-five burned patients treated with ABCS from 1999 to 2007 in five burn centres were included in the study. Mean age was 29 years (SD ...
You Joyce Hs - - 2011
the merit of applying pharmacogenomics in the induction phase of warfarin therapy for personalized dosing is controversial and highly dependent on its cost-effectiveness. published studies on pharmacoeconomics of warfarin pharmacogenomic application are reviewed. A literature search was done using Medline and Embase covering the period 2000 - 2010. Decision tree ...
Eidson J Leigh JL - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Endoluminal treatment of symptomatic varicose veins (VV) reduces or eliminates inpatient hospital stays, lowers complication rates, and increases revenue for vein care centers adopting the technique. This study compares the outcomes and economics of two treatments for VV. METHODS: Since May 2007, endovenous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of symptomatic VV ...
Katsinelos Panagiotis P Department of Endoscopy and Motility Unit, G. Gennimatas General Hospital, and 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 55132, Thessaloniki, - - 2011
To compare diverse endoscopic interventions in the management of occluded uncovered self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) that had been placed for palliative treatment of unresectable malignant biliary obstruction. A retrospective review was undertaken in 4 tertiary endoscopic centers to determine optimal management of different types of occluded SEMSs. The technical success ...
Manz M - - 2011
The care for a patient with ulcerative colitis (UC) remains challenging despite the fact that morbidity and mortality rates have been considerably reduced during the last 30 years. The traditional management with intravenous corticosteroids was modified by the introduction of ciclosporin and infliximab. In this review, we focus on the ...
Lee Bruce Y - - 2011
To develop 3 computer simulation models to determine the potential economic effect of using intravenous (IV) antiviral agents to treat hospitalized patients with influenza-like illness, as well as different testing and treatment strategies. Stochastic decision analytic computer simulation model. During the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic, the Food and Drug Administration ...
Emirleroglu M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of neostigmine on the postoperative ileus and the healing of colon anastomoses. Anastomotic leaks and postoperative ileus are among the most important complications in colorectal surgery. Nutritional status of the patient is one of the most important factors of the ...
Khaykin Yaariv - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common and frequently disabling chronic condition associated with significant patient morbidity and affecting an increasing stratum of our ageing society. Direct costs related to atrial fibrillation are comprised from direct cost of medical therapy, catheter ablation, and related hospitalizations and imaging procedures, with indirect costs ...
Beppu Kazuko - - 2011
Background and Aim The incidence of ischemic colitis (IC) in Japan has been increasing due to the westernization of diet and the aging population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between endoscopic findings and clinical severity in IC. Methods This retrospective analysis included 106 cases diagnosed ...
Ruppert Andras - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism - together referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE) - result in a major burden on healthcare systems. However, to the authors' knowledge no comprehensive review of the economic burden of VTE has so far been published. Methods: A literature search was carried ...
Speroni Karen Gabel - - 2011
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) accounts for the majority of nosocomial pneumonias, which may increase intensive care and prolonged hospital stays. Endotracheal tubes allowing continuous subglottic suctioning may reduce VAP; however, they are more expensive than standard endotracheal tubes not allowing continuous suctioning. he objective of this study was to measure the ...
Karatepe Oguzhan - - 2011
Leakage from colonic anastomosis is a major complication causing increased mortality and morbidity. Ischemia is a well-known cause of this event. This study was designed to investigate the effects of adrenomedullin on the healing of ischemic colon anastomosis in a rat model. Standardized left colon resection 3 cm above the ...
Sagar Jayesh - - 2011
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancer in the western world. Acute colonic obstruction is one of the common presentations of colon cancer. Emergency surgical decompression is the traditional treatment of choice but is associated with high morbidity and mortality. In recent years colonic stents have been used ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >