Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 2004
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Gómez C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We report clinical and functional outcomes obtained after application of an autologous bioengineered composite skin (ABCS) produced in a single Spanish tissue-engineering unit. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twenty-five burned patients treated with ABCS from 1999 to 2007 in five burn centres were included in the study. Mean age was 29 years (SD ...
You Joyce Hs - - 2011
the merit of applying pharmacogenomics in the induction phase of warfarin therapy for personalized dosing is controversial and highly dependent on its cost-effectiveness. published studies on pharmacoeconomics of warfarin pharmacogenomic application are reviewed. A literature search was done using Medline and Embase covering the period 2000 - 2010. Decision tree ...
Eidson J Leigh JL - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Endoluminal treatment of symptomatic varicose veins (VV) reduces or eliminates inpatient hospital stays, lowers complication rates, and increases revenue for vein care centers adopting the technique. This study compares the outcomes and economics of two treatments for VV. METHODS: Since May 2007, endovenous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of symptomatic VV ...
Katsinelos Panagiotis - - 2011
To compare diverse endoscopic interventions in the management of occluded uncovered self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) that had been placed for palliative treatment of unresectable malignant biliary obstruction. A retrospective review was undertaken in 4 tertiary endoscopic centers to determine optimal management of different types of occluded SEMSs. The technical success ...
Manz M - - 2011
The care for a patient with ulcerative colitis (UC) remains challenging despite the fact that morbidity and mortality rates have been considerably reduced during the last 30 years. The traditional management with intravenous corticosteroids was modified by the introduction of ciclosporin and infliximab. In this review, we focus on the ...
Lee Bruce Y - - 2011
To develop 3 computer simulation models to determine the potential economic effect of using intravenous (IV) antiviral agents to treat hospitalized patients with influenza-like illness, as well as different testing and treatment strategies. Stochastic decision analytic computer simulation model. During the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic, the Food and Drug Administration ...
Emirleroglu M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of neostigmine on the postoperative ileus and the healing of colon anastomoses. Anastomotic leaks and postoperative ileus are among the most important complications in colorectal surgery. Nutritional status of the patient is one of the most important factors of the ...
Khaykin Yaariv - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common and frequently disabling chronic condition associated with significant patient morbidity and affecting an increasing stratum of our ageing society. Direct costs related to atrial fibrillation are comprised from direct cost of medical therapy, catheter ablation, and related hospitalizations and imaging procedures, with indirect costs ...
Beppu Kazuko - - 2011
Background and Aim The incidence of ischemic colitis (IC) in Japan has been increasing due to the westernization of diet and the aging population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between endoscopic findings and clinical severity in IC. Methods This retrospective analysis included 106 cases diagnosed ...
Ruppert Andras - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism - together referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE) - result in a major burden on healthcare systems. However, to the authors' knowledge no comprehensive review of the economic burden of VTE has so far been published. Methods: A literature search was carried ...
Speroni Karen Gabel - - 2011
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) accounts for the majority of nosocomial pneumonias, which may increase intensive care and prolonged hospital stays. Endotracheal tubes allowing continuous subglottic suctioning may reduce VAP; however, they are more expensive than standard endotracheal tubes not allowing continuous suctioning. he objective of this study was to measure the ...
Karatepe Oguzhan - - 2011
Leakage from colonic anastomosis is a major complication causing increased mortality and morbidity. Ischemia is a well-known cause of this event. This study was designed to investigate the effects of adrenomedullin on the healing of ischemic colon anastomosis in a rat model. Standardized left colon resection 3 cm above the ...
Sagar Jayesh - - 2011
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancer in the western world. Acute colonic obstruction is one of the common presentations of colon cancer. Emergency surgical decompression is the traditional treatment of choice but is associated with high morbidity and mortality. In recent years colonic stents have been used ...
Jimenez-Garcıa Rodrigo - - 2011
Hip arthroplasties is one of the most frequent surgical procedures in Spain and are conducted mainly in elderly subjects. We aim to analyze changes in incidence, co-morbidity profile, length of hospital stay (LOHS), costs and in-hospital mortality (IHM) of patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) over an 8-year study ...
Lee Bruce Y - - 2011
To develop 3 computer simulation models to determine the potential economic effect of using intravenous (IV) antiviral agents to treat hospitalized patients with influenza-like illness, as well as different testing and treatment strategies. Stochastic decision analytic computer simulation model. During the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic, the Food and Drug Administration ...
Baser Onur - - 2011
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs most often during hospitalization for major surgery or trauma but may also occur up to several months after surgery. Since the potential for VTE exists in a range of clinical settings, an assessment of its impact on overall outcomes and costs to the patient and to ...
Ament J D - - 2011
Despite demonstrated cost effectiveness, not all corneal disorders are amenable to type I Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation. This includes patients with autoimmune diseases, such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis. Type II KPro is implanted through the eyelids in severe dry eye and cicatricial diseases, and its cost effectiveness was sought. ...
Yiee Jenny H - - 2011
Copious studies exist regarding the use of stents in pediatric pyeloplasty. Most surgeons use either no stent, an internal (Double-J®) stent or an external transanastomotic pyeloureteral stent. We propose the first known study to compare all 3 methods using a decision tree model that incorporates success rates, complications, patient discomfort ...
Leong Randall K - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (economic analysis). Level of Evidence: 1b. To assess and compare the costs and effects value of either starting with sacral neuromodulation (SNM) or botulinum toxin A (BTX) treatment in patients with refractory idiopathic overactive bladder from a societal perspective. An economic model comparing SNM with BTX ...
King Jason C - - 2011
Studies of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approaches to TKA have shown decreased postoperative pain, earlier return to function, and shorter lengths of stay in the hospital. However, it is unclear whether these differences translate into decreased costs or charges associated with care. We asked whether a minimally invasive approach to ...
Ghogawala Zoher - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in the United States (US) and in the world. OBJECTIVE:: To determine the feasibility of a randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing the clinical effectiveness and costs of ventral versus dorsal decompression with fusion surgery for treating ...
van Breugel Nathalie H - - 2010
This study was performed to assess the cost-effectiveness of concomitant ablation surgery (AS) compared to regular cardiac surgery in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients over a one-year follow-up. Cost analysis was performed from a societal perspective alongside a prospective, randomised, double-blinded, multicentre trial. One hundred and fifty patients with documented AF ...
Craver Christopher W - - 2010
Fluconazole is a standard first-line therapy for candidemia/invasive candidiasis (C/IC), based on its efficacy, safety profile, and comparatively low acquisition cost. However, little is known about the total costs associated with fluconazole treatment for this indication, particularly in cases of clinical failure. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Feng Bo - - 2010
Few studies evaluate the cost-effectiveness issues of laparoscopic anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer. This study evaluates direct and indirect costs of LAR and its long-term survival rate in rectal cancer patients. This prospective nonrandomized controlled trial included 2 endpoints (direct and indirect costs, and disease-free survival). From January 2003 ...
Sergi Bruno - - 2010
Auditory testing is not routinely performed within 4 to 6 weeks after stapedotomy because hearing acuity is thought to be transiently depressed. The early postoperative effects of the 1-shot carbon dioxide (CO2) laser have never been reported. The purpose of this study is to present data for auditory thresholds measured ...
Indinnimeo M - - 2010
The cost-effectiveness and budget impact of introducing sacral nerve modulation (SNM) as a treatment for fecal incontinence in Italy were evaluated in a simulation model. A decision-analysis model with a Markov submodel was used to represent clinical pathways for treatment of patients with fecal incontinence in a scenario with SNM ...
Byrd J Kenneth - - 2010
To compare the cost of minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) with conventional thyroidectomy. A cost-effectiveness study and chart review. Academic university hospital. Pediatric and adult patients referred to the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery for suspicious thyroid nodules, goiters, or known carcinomas. A tertiary care hospital's billing department was ...
Schneider Ralph - - 2010
Treatment options for secondary hyperparathyroidism were significantly amended with the introduction of cinacalcet and paricalcitol. Limitations of resources in public health systems demand detailed analyses of accruing costs. The aim of this study was to compare the costs of these new treatment modalities to surgery. Patients who underwent initial parathyroidectomy ...
Fearon William F - - 2010
The Fractional Flow Reserve Versus Angiography for Multivessel Evaluation (FAME) study demonstrated significantly improved health outcomes at 1 year in patients randomized to multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention guided by fractional flow reserve (FFR) compared with percutaneous coronary intervention guided by angiography alone. The economic impact of routine measurement of FFR ...
Kartsiounis Christos - - 2011
Abstract The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of CO(2) laser with that of ultrasonic scalpel in cervical conization in terms of intraoperative and postoperative outcome. One-hundred and two patients were submitted to cervical conization by ultrasonically activated scalpel, while 97 patients were submitted to cervical ...
Jung Jin Young - - 2010
Adequate laser settings in the treatment of scars using a carbon dioxide fractional laser system (CO(2) FS) have not been established. To compare the efficacy and safety of low-fluence, high-density with high-fluence, low-density treatment with CO(2) FS on acne scars and enlarged pores. Ten patients with mild to severe atrophic ...
Chen Sonia S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS:: Assess for complications of intranasal Bevacizumab application in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT)-associated epistaxis. STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective chart review. METHODS:: In 58 patients presenting with recurrent HHT epistaxis, Bevacizumab was applied intranasally either as a submucosal injection or as a topical spray between October 2006 and June 2010. ...
Lončar Božana - - 2011
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser irradiation on the secretory function of salivary glands in 34 patients with xerostomia (dry mouth). Background Data: Xerostomia, a common complaint of oral dryness within the elderly population, is caused by a reduction in normal ...
Jung J Y - - 2011
Objective  This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacies of 1550- and 1565-nm Er:glass lasers in the treatment of periorbital wrinkles and to evaluate histological changes after treatment. Methods  Twenty patients received five treatments each at 3-week intervals. The right periorbital area was exposed to the 1550-nm Er:glass laser and ...
Basmak Hikmet - - 2011
To evaluate the role of concomitant endonasal procedures in endocanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). This was a retrospective study, conducted on adult patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Thirty-one (seven bilateral) patients formed group 1 and 37 (five bilateral) patients group 2. Group 1 underwent endocanalicular laser DCR. In ...
Rathod Jawahar - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate safety and effectiveness of the laser fiber with wavelength of 1470 nm for ablation of symptomatic varicose veins. This was a prospective study carried out from November 2007 to October 2009. Seventy-six limbs in 72 consecutive patients were treated by endovenous laser ...
Alghamdi Khalid M - - 2010
Cutaneous leishmaniasis can lead to unsightly atrophic scars, which have limited treatment options. There is a scarcity of literature on its treatment modalities. Fractional lasers have been successfully used in treating a variety of skin conditions with minimal downtime and side effects. We report a successful treatment of a 25-year-old ...
Campbell Tracy M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and classification of adverse events (AEs) associated with fractionated carbon dioxide (CO₂) laser treatment. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 373 successive fractionated 10,600-nm CO₂ laser treatments in 287 patients conducted in a single center. AEs of laser therapy, including onset, duration, and treatment, were identified ...
Cervelli Valerio - - 2010
Scar management is a long-term process. A variety of modalities have been employed and, depending on scar type, treatment may be invasive and/or conservative. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new CO2 laser resurfacing for post-traumatic and pathological scars and to compare this device with classic dermabrasion. ...
Trelles Mario A - - 2010
Leg telangiectasias have been reported to have been treated with a variety of lasers. This study was designed to measure response to treatment of leg telangiectasias with a unique coupled 585 nm and 1064 nm pulse. Sixty female patients (24-62 y.o., skin types II-IV) with leg vein varicosities were treated ...
Moshirfar Majid - - 2010
To compare the incidence of flap complications after creation of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flaps using a zero-compression microkeratome or a femtosecond laser. John A. Moran Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Evidence-based manuscript. The flap complication rate was evaluated during the ...
Pronk P - - 2010
Comparison of sapheno-femoral ligation and stripping (SFL/S) versus endovenous laser ablation (EVLA, 980-nm) in the treatment of great saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency, using local tumescent anaesthesia. Randomised, single centre trial. Patients with GSV incompetence and varicose veins were randomised to either SFL/S or EVLA. At days 1, 2, 3, 7, ...
Altan Burcu Ayse - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 820-nm diode laser on osteoclastic and osteoblastic cell proliferation-activity and RANKL/OPG release during orthodontic tooth movement. Thirty-eight albino Wistar rats were used for this experiment. Maxillary incisors of the subjects were moved orthodontically by a helical spring with force ...
Darwish Qasem Kholoud - - 2012
Abstract Background: Laser treatment of amateur tattoos on Fitzpatrick type V skin produces a considerable risk of complications because of the increased incidence of adverse pigmentary changes. The principle of selective photothermolysis predicts that the Q-switched alexandrite laser should be effective in removing tattoo ink with minimal side effects in ...
Silva Geisa Badauy Lauria - - 2011
Patients who have received high doses of chemotherapy, either alone or in combination with total body irradiation often cite oral mucositis (OM) as the most debilitating side effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the prevention of conditioning-induced OM ...
Kunt Göknil Ergün - - 2012
We investigated the effects of different Er:YAG laser treatments on the surface roughness of base metal alloys. A total of 36 specimens were prepared of two base metal alloys (Wiron 99, Bellabond plus). The surfaces of the specimens were standardized by gradual wet grinding with 320-, 600-, 800- and 1,000-grit ...
Leclère Franck Marie - - 2010
Venous ulcers are chronic wounds affecting up to 1% of adults in developed countries. Considering that noncontact normothermic therapy has been shown to modify the wound healing process, we conducted a prospective comparative clinical trial aimed at evaluating 980 nm diode laser in laser-assisted venous ulcer healing. Thirty-four Caucasian patients ...
Marchese Maria Raffaella - - 2011
To assess and compare the functional results obtained by means of multiple-shot Erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser to those obtained using "one-shot" CO(2) laser stapedotomy in patients affected by otosclerosis. A retrospective case review was performed. Of the total number of 123 patients (114 ears) who underwent primary small-fenestra stapedotomy from ...
Garcia Miki S - - 2010
Dermatosis papulosa nigra (DPN) is a common variant of seborrheic keratoses in darkly pigmented individuals. Treatment options include cryosurgery, curettage, electrosurgery, and shave removal. To compare the efficacy and complications of pulsed dye laser (PDL) therapy for the treatment of DPN with those of curettage and electrodesiccation. Randomized, controlled, single-center, ...
de Oliveira Guirro Elaine Caldeira - - 2010
To analyze the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), 670 nm, with doses of 4 and 7 J/cm(2), on the repair of surgical wounds covered by occlusive dressings. Background Data: The effect of LLLT on the healing process of covered wounds is not well defined. For the histologic analysis with HE staining, ...
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