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Results 51 - 100 of 2015
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Lazica D A - - 2011
PURPOSE: Long defects in the mid and upper ureter are not amenable to end-to-end reconstruction. Therefore, we present the long-term results of our technique with reconfigured colon segments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between June 1998 and July 2008, 14 patients underwent ureteral replacement at our institution with reconfigured colon. In 4 ...
Williet Nicolas - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The cumulative incidence of colectomy and the impact of 5-aminosalicylates (5-ASA), azathioprine, and antitumor necrosis factor (TNF) treatment on the long-term need for surgery are unknown in ulcerative colitis (UC) in the era of biologics. METHODS: This was an observational study of a referral center cohort. The cumulative incidence ...
Liu Dexi - - 2011
Recently, plasma sterilization has attracted increasing attention in dental community for the atmospheric pressure non-equilibrium plasma jet (APNPs), which is driven by a kilohertz pulsed DC power, may be applied to the dental and oral diseases. However, it is still in doubt whether APNPs can effectively kill pathogenic bacteria in ...
Ibáñez Mercedes - - 2011
: No consensus exists regarding the optimal bowel preparation regimen for patients with poor bowel cleansing at a previous colonoscopy. : We investigated the usefulness of an intensive cleansing regimen for repeat colonoscopy after previous failure of bowel preparation. : A prospective observational study was performed in patients undergoing colonoscopy ...
Chiu Han-Mo - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Accumulating evidence indicates that the timing of bowel preparation is crucial, but its impact on the diagnostic yield of proximal or nonpolypoid colorectal neoplasm remains unclear. OBJECTIVE:: This study aimed to investigate the impact of the timing of bowel preparation on the adenoma detection rate for nonpolypoid colorectal neoplasm ...
Naves Juan E - - 2011
Skip inflammation of the appendiceal orifice has been described in distal UC (UC-IAO) but long-term clinical outcomes are poorly established. Our aim was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes of UC-IAO as compared to classic distal UC. Patients with UC-IAO were identified from the local IBD database. Disease outcome and ...
O'Connor Sue - - 2011
By 50,000 years ago, it is clear that modern humans were capable of long-distance sea travel as they colonized Australia. However, evidence for advanced maritime skills, and for fishing in particular, is rare before the terminal Pleistocene/early Holocene. Here we report remains of a variety of pelagic and other fish ...
Dean Kathryn E - - 2011
Background and Aim Medical treatment of steroid-refractory Ulcerative Colitis is limited to either cyclosporine or infliximab. Studies comparing cyclosporine with either placebo or intravenous methylprednisone showed promise for cyclosporine, but associated with significant toxicity. There is conflicting, but increasingly positive evidence for using infliximab. There are no studies directly comparing ...
Pontone Stefano S Department of Surgical Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, 00161 Roma, Italy. - - 2011
To investigate the effectiveness of low-volume plus ascorbic acid [polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid (PEG + Asc)] and high-volume plus simethicone [polyethylene glycol plus simethicone (PEG + Sim)] bowel preparations. A total of one hundred and forty-four outpatients (76 males), aged from 20 to 84 years (median age 59.5 years), ...
Glauser Philippe M - - 2011
Ischemic colitis is commonly thought to occur most often in the left hemicolon close to the splenic flexure owing to insufficient blood supply near Griffith's point. This study investigates the colorectal localization pattern, the risk factors, and the long-term outcome of histologically proven ischemic colitis. Between 1996 and 2004, a ...
Kharlamb Viktoria - - 2011
Oxalobacter formigenes (OF) may play a protective role in preventing calcium oxalate stones. This is the first prospective study to evaluate the effect of antibiotics on OF colonization. Intestinal colonization by OF is associated with reduced urinary oxalate excretion. Exposure to antibiotics may be an important factor determining rates of ...
Chan Jessica - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The overwhelming majority of reported duodenal and colonic SEMS placements in the literature have used the 0.035″ guidewire almost to the exclusion of guidewires of other diameters. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare technical and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing duodenal or colonic SEMS placement with ...
Jansen Sita V - - 2011
A good bowel preparation is essential for optimal visualization of the large intestine. Several preparations with a difference in composition and volume are available. We compared five methods for bowel cleansing quality and patients' acceptability. Adult ambulatory outpatients scheduled for elective colonoscopy were randomized to receive 4-l polyethylene glycol (PEG) ...
Vokurka Samuel - - 2011
Gelclair is an oral lubricating gel used in the management of oral mucositis (OM). We evaluated its efficacy, tolerance and impact on oral cavity microbial colonization in patients with OM after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation. Gelclair was administered in a group of 22 patients with active OM. A control ...
Morris Stephen S Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. - - 2011
Cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a factorial randomized controlled trial. To assess the cost-effectiveness of a rehabilitation program and/or an education booklet each compared with usual care for the postoperative management of patients undergoing discectomy or lateral nerve root decompression surgery. There is little knowledge about the cost-effectiveness of postoperative management of ...
Leifeld L - - 2011
Background  Different oral formulations of 'mesalazine (mesalamine)' may have different efficacy in distal ulcerative colitis. Aim  To evaluate the efficacy of mesalazine granules (Salofalk granules) vs. mesalazine tablets (Salofalk tablets) as induction therapy in patients with distinct extensions of ulcerative colitis. Methods  A pooled analysis of 705 patients from four ...
Fritz Stephanie A - - 2011
Despite a paucity of evidence, decolonization measures are prescribed for outpatients with recurrent Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft-tissue infection (SSTI). Compare the effectiveness of 4 regimens for eradicating S. aureus carriage. Open-label, randomized controlled trial. Colonization status and recurrent SSTI were ascertained at 1 and 4 months. Barnes-Jewish and St. ...
Sandborn W J - - 2011
Background  Rapid resolution of symptoms and endoscopic inflammation in ulcerative colitis (UC) represent important treatment goals. Aims  To establish times to bleeding cessation and endoscopic healing for topical and oral mesalazine in active distal UC, a post hoc analysis of two published studies was performed. Methods  Study I (Sutherland 1987) ...
Aleman Monica - - 2011
Case Description-A 15-year-old Quarter Horse gelding and a 26-year-old Thoroughbred gelding were evaluated because of hematuria of 4 to 6 days' duration following prolonged oral administration of phenylbutazone. Clinical Findings-The horses had received either treatment with phenylbutazone for 3 months or intermittent long-term phenylbutazone treatment prior to development of hematuria. ...
Yeung Sonia N - - 2011
A 45-year-old woman developed a spontaneous flap-margin-related corneal ulcer 11 years after the original laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) procedure. Two enhancements had been performed; the most recent was 3 years prior to presentation. Cultures were positive for a heavy growth of Klebsiella oxytoca. The ulcer responded clinically to topical ...
Potenza Lucia L Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari, Universita degli Studi di Urbino, Carlo bo, Urbino. - - 2011
Anastomotic dehiscence is one of the most severe complications of colorectal surgery. Gaining insight into the molecular mechanisms responsible for the development of anastomotic dehiscence following colorectal surgery is important for the reduction of postoperative complications. Based on the close relationship between surgical stress and oxidative stress, the present study ...
Kajiwara Haruka - - 2011
Background/Aims: We aimed to investigate the association between colorectal polyp detection rates and withdrawal times, and also to investigate diverticulum detection rates as a counterpart lesion. Methodology: Thirteen trainee colonoscopists were characterized by their mean withdrawal time for normal colon. A total of 2,314 colonoscopies were analyzed. Results: The mean ...
Moribata Kosaku - - 2011
We report a case of a 16-year-old male who suffered from Crohn's disease (CD) with esophageal involvement, showing remarkable improvement with granulocyte/monocyte adsorption (GMA). The patient had been diagnosed as ileocolic CD and was treated with 5-aminosalicylate. He was admitted to our hospital with symptoms of fever, diarrhea, and odynophagia. ...
Gosiewski Tomasz - - 2011
BACKROUND AND AIMS:: The commensal microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract plays an important role in pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We examined what is the horizontal structure of the fecal microbiota in the colon in adolescents with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: ...
Swaminath Arun - - 2011
Ulcerative colitis can be complicated by the development of leukocytoclastic vasculitis, a cutaneous vasculitis with the potential for systemic involvement. We present a man with a history of ulcerative colitis complicated by end-stage liver disease secondary to sclerosing cholangitis requiring a liver transplant. The patient developed new-onset vasculitis and diarrhea ...
Ozturk E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Preperitoneal catheter analgesia following abdominal surgery has attracted interest in the last decade. We conducted this study to evaluate the benefits of preperitoneal catheter analgesia in managing pain after abdominal colon and rectal resections. METHODS: A total of 50 patients undergoing colon and rectal resections for benign and malignant ...
Kobayashi Yasuo - - 2011
An ileal pouch is usually reconstructed as an alternative to a neorectum after a total proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the real defecatory function of an ileal pouch is uncertain. This study was designed to analyze the functional and clinical outcomes after a proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) ...
Tomomasa Takeshi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Leukocytapheresis (LCAP) is a nonpharmacologic therapy that has recently been used to treat ulcerative colitis (UC). This multicenter open-label study prospectively assessed the efficacy and safety of LCAP in pediatric patients with UC. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: Twenty-three patients ages 8 to 16 years with moderate (n = 19) to ...
Paspatis Gregorios A - - 2011
Aim:  Polypectomy techniques in the removal of (3-8) mm size range polyps are inconsistent. The aim of our study was to compare cold (CSP) with hot snare polypectomy (HSP) in the occurrence of postpolypectomy bleeding in small colonic polyps with a (3-8) mm size range. Method:  414 consecutive patients with ...
Rudolph G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Patients with PSC and IBD have a high incidence of colonic carcinomas (CRC), and the annual incidence of CRC increases with duration of disease. UDCA treatment has been suggested to reduce colonic dysplasias and carcinomas. AIMS: The annual incidence of colorectal carcinomas after long-term UDCA treatment was studied. METHODS: ...
Yoon Young Kyung - - 2011
Objectives The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for prolonged carriage of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) in intensive care units (ICUs). Methods A retrospective case-control study was performed in the ICUs of a university hospital in Korea from September 2006 to July 2009. VREF carriage was ...
Setoyama Takeshi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recently, endoscopic band ligation (EBL) has been used to treat colonic diverticular hemorrhage, but the number of EBL cases treated to date has been limited. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of EBL in the treatment of colonic diverticular hemorrhage compared with those of endoclips. METHODS: At ...
Cho Yu Kyung - - 2011
There are limited data regarding the clinical outcomes of self-expandable metal stents in the treatment of proximal colon obstruction. We compared the clinical outcomes of stent placement in patients with malignant proximal to distal colon obstructions. We reviewed medical records from 37 consecutive patients from three institutions (19 men; mean ...
Shamsi Meymandi S - - 2011
Background  Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in developing countries. Several types of treatments have been suggested, but none of them is completely effective and without side-effects. CO(2) laser has a specific thermolysis effect on infected tissues in CL. Objectives  To determine the efficacy and safety of CO(2) laser vs. combined ...
Kim Michael H - - 2011
Detailed information on the cost burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) is limited. To provide an up-to-date estimate of the national cost of AF, we conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study using administrative claims from the MarketScan Commercial and Medicare Supplemental research data bases, 2004 to 2006. Patients aged ≥20 years ...
Frick Kevin D KD Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2011
To assess the impact of the rate of spontaneous resolution of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction on the relative cost-effectiveness of deferred nasolacrimal duct probing in a surgical facility (DFPS) compared with an immediate office-based probing surgery (IOPS). Data from the literature, Medicare 2009 fee schedule, and consensus assumptions were combined ...
Takeuchi Nozomi - - 2011
Endoscopic submucosal dissection has made it possible to resect large lesions during a single operation. The present study was undertaken to compare the time taken for recovery from artificial ulcers after endoscopic submucosal dissection between an H(2) Receptor Antagonist treatment group and a Proton Pump Inhibitor treatment group, focusing on ...
Eggers Mitchell D - - 2011
Four wound closure techniques for total knee arthroplasty were compared in a prospective, randomized, controlled, institutional review board-approved study with 75 subjects. The study compared tissue adhesives, stapling, and suturing with respect to procedure time and cost, together with functional and clinical outcome. Total knee arthroplasty closure time (capsule to ...
Jowett Sue - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oral anticoagulants are effective at reducing stroke compared with aspirin in atrial fibrillation patients older than 75 years. Although the benefits of reduced stroke risk outweigh the risks of bleeding, the cost effectiveness of warfarin in this patient population has not yet been established. METHODS: An economic ...
Dewilde Sarah - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of adding eptifibatide to the standard treatment for selected high-risk patients undergoing coronary stenting in Germany. Furthermore, to investigate the impact of several extrapolation methods on the results. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to reflect the clinical events in this specific patient population, including ...
Gelsomino Sandro - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Cost-effectiveness of heart surgery for elderly patients is still poorly defined. We evaluated outcome, quality of life (QoL), cost, and cost-effectiveness of octogenarians undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: One thousand six hundred forty octogenarians undergoing various cardiac surgical procedures were prospectively studied between January 1998 and January 2009 and compared ...
Leroi Anne-Marie - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Sacral nerve modulation (SNM) is an established treatment for urinary and fecal incontinence in patients for whom conservative management has failed. OBJECTIVE:: This study assessed the outcome and cost analysis of SNM compared to alternative medical and surgical treatments. METHODS:: Clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness analyses were performed in parallel ...
Koo Vincent - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (cost effectiveness) Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Stone management economics is a complex issue. FURS and SWL are recognised treatment option for lower pole kidney stones. There are paucity of data comparing cost implication and effectiveness of ...
de Korte N - - 2011
Aim:  Conservative treatment of mild colonic diverticulitis usually consists of observation, restriction of oral intake, intravenous fluids and antibiotics. The beneficiary effect of antibiotics remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the need for antibiotics in mild colonic diverticulitis. Method:  A retrospective case-controlled study was performed in ...
Bizarro Pedro - - 2011
Objectives: In the present study, we determined the cumulative costs and outcomes of endovascular treatment of thrombosed autogenous arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) at our medical center. Background: Previous studies examining the salvage procedures of thrombosed AVFs have focused exclusively on clinical outcomes, and, in the absence of costing data, current guidelines ...
Huang Bin-Tao - - 2011
High-dose arabinoside (HiDAC) and daunorubicin (DNR)-based chemotherapy are the primary consolidation treatment options for older adults (50-60 years old) with acute myeloid leukemia in China. We analyzed the event-free survival (EFS) and hospital treatment charges of older adult patients with different cytogenetic risk profiles. In patients with a better/intermediate risk profile, ...
Hullfish Kathie L - - 2011
To compare the relative cost effectiveness of treatment decision alternatives for post-hysterectomy pelvic organ prolapse (POP). A Markov decision analysis model was used to assess and compare the relative cost effectiveness of expectant management, use of a pessary, and surgery for obtaining months of quality-adjusted life over 1 year. Sensitivity ...
Mahoney Elizabeth M - - 2011
Objectives: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of carotid stenting vs. carotid endarterectomy using data from the SAPPHIRE trial. Background: Carotid stenting with embolic protection has been introduced as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy for prevention of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events among patients at increased surgical risk. Methods: Between August 2000 and ...
Narayan Pradeep - - 2011
Objective: Endovascular treatment is increasingly used to treat complicated aortic pathology. The aim of the study was to assess if compared with operative repair, thoracic endovascular repair of aorta (TEVAR) was associated with a cost benefit in management of diseases affecting the descending thoracic aorta. We also compared early and ...
Anne-Marie Leroi - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Sacral nerve modulation (SNM) is an established treatment for urinary and fecal incontinence in patients for whom conservative management has failed. OBJECTIVE:: This study assessed the outcome and cost analysis of SNM compared to alternative medical and surgical treatments. METHODS:: Clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness analyses were performed in parallel ...
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