Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2004
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Wetter Niklaus Ursus - - 2009
This study was a long-term clinical trial of home and in-office LED and laser bleaching systems comparing for the first time interdental color differences (differences between the central labial surfaces of the canine and the central incisor). A total of 90 patients were divided into three groups of 30 each. ...
Zhou Jian-da - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic dermal ulcers are also referred to as refractory ulcers. This study was conducted to elucidate the therapeutic effect of laser on chronic dermal ulcers and the induced expression of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in wound tissues. METHODS: Sixty patients with 84 ...
Ward P Daniel - - 2008
To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of, and the complications associated with, carbon dioxide laser treatment of rhytidosis and solar aging. This retrospective report describes our experience with 47 patients who underwent entire facial carbon dioxide laser resurfacing. The mean improvement in facial rhytid score at long-term follow-up was 45%. This ...
Brawner J Travis - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review our experience with laser myringoplasty using a potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) laser for pars tensa atelectasis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: A pulsed diode KTP laser (532 nm) was used to tighten the tympanic membrane after lysis of middle ear adhesions through a myringotomy. A tympanostomy tube was then ...
Slade Steven G - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Concerns regarding the increasing incidence of corneal ectasia following laser in situ keratomileusis procedures, together with increased understanding of the biomechanics of the cornea, has resulted in many refractive surgeons returning to surface ablation techniques such as photorefractive keratectomy. Even if surface ablation techniques offer a higher ...
Siegel Gordon J - - 2008
We conducted a prospective study of office carbon dioxide (CO(2)) laser turbinoplasty as a treatment for symptoms related to turbinate dysfunction in 58 patients. All patients completed surveys before and 1 month after treatment, and 23 patients completed longer-term follow-up surveys 8 to 24 months postoperatively. The 1-month postoperative assessments ...
Trattler William B - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since their introduction in the mid-1990s, surface ablation techniques have continued to evolve, enabling surgeons to give patients better quality of vision with less postoperative pain. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss that evolution, the common techniques used today, and how to address potential complications. ...
Aurangabadkar Sanjeev - - 2008
Nevus of Ota is very common in Asian patients. The condition is more common in females, with a male-female ratio of 1:4.8. Most patients seek treatment early in life due to the psychological trauma and cosmetic disfigurement. The Q-switched lasers have changed the way we approach the condition and have ...
Karsai Syrus - - 2008
To date, reports on the safe and effective laser treatment of disseminated granuloma annulare (GA) are still limited. A 58-year-old Caucasian female with disseminated GA was treated with fractional photothermolysis (FP) using a 1,440-nm Nd:YAG laser. Four lesions on the patient's left upper arm were defined as the "test region" ...
Lu Xinwu - - 2008
Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) is a minimally invasive technique for treating great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux for several years. We report our experience with EVLA and evaluate its effectiveness. A consecutive series of patients (639 women [60%] and 421 men [40%], age 23 to 79 years) were treated by EVLA ...
Sanghvi C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Pascal is a semiautomated photocoagulator that delivers a pattern array of multiple burns in a rapid predetermined sequence with a single foot pedal depression. Each burn is reduced to 10 or 20 ms to achieve this. The authors report their early experience with this system. METHODS: 75 procedures ...
AboElsaad Nayer S - - 2009
This study aimed to investigate the influence of low-power 830 nm gallium-aluminium-arsenide (GaAlAs) laser [continuous wave (CW) 40 mW and fluence 4 J/cm(2), with total energy density of 16 J/cm(2)] on the healing of human infra-bony defects treated with bioactive glass graft material. Twenty patients with chronic periodontitis and bilateral ...
de Godoy Peres Flávio Francisco - - 2009
Therapeutic approaches to chronic actinic cheilitis focus on the removal or destruction of diseased epithelium. The CO(2) laser has become an important therapeutic alternative, achieving clinical resolution in around 90% of patients. Although many laser physical parameters have been reported, some are known for their low potential for scar induction ...
Axer-Siegel Ruth - - 2008
PURPOSE: To examine the anatomical and refractive outcomes of infrared diode laser photocoagulation (DLPC) for the treatment of threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: The charts of all consecutive premature neonates with ROP treated by DLPC at our tertiary center from December 1, 1996, to December 31, 2004, were reviewed. ...
Mummolo S - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the study was to compare two methods of treatment for aggressive periodontitis: traditional surgical and Nd:YAG laser, evaluating their possible objective clinical advantages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 hemiarches of 18 patients were analysed, 10 males and 8 females of average age of 14, ...
Kaviani Ahmad - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the CO2 laser is superior to conventional surgical techniques for minor breast surgery in a randomized clinical trial. BACKGROUND DATA: It has been suggested in the literature that application of CO2 laser in breast surgery might be superior to conventional surgery in some aspects. PATIENTS AND ...
Niamtu Joe J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The treatment standard for laser skin resurfacing (LSR) includes aggressively wiping away the char with moist gauze before and after each pass to prevent heat buildup and lateral tissue damage from existing char. No published study has addressed not debriding between passes with traditional higher fluence, high-density, multipass CO(2) ...
Pleister Irina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the ideal residual length of the great saphenous vein (GSV) stump and its potential role in complications such as acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and recanalization. This study was designed to learn about the natural history of the residual GSV stump length following endovenous laser ...
Theivacumar N S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in great saphenous vein (GSV) diameter and the significance of re-canalisation following endovenous laser ablation (EVLA). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Two groups were studied. Group A: 73 consecutive patients (84 GSVs) underwent EVLA followed by duplex ultrasound at 6, 12 and 52 weeks. Vein diameter ...
Infanger Manfred - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Meniscus and disc lesions in the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) are generally caused by falling accidents with pronated, hyperextended wrists, or by distraction injuries that pull the ulnar side of the wrist out of place. Characteristic clinical signs are swelling and pain in the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) and ...
Chen Jinyun - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of ultrasound (US) therapy and laser therapy in patients with symptomatic benign ectopy of the uterine cervix. Patients with symptomatic benign ectopy of the cervix (n = 200) were enrolled in this study. Abundant leukorrhea, contact bleeding, recurrent cervicitis ...
Ray Piya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The NHSCSP 2004 guideline recommends that the best practice for the follow up of post-treatment squamous intraepithelial neoplasia (SIL) is by cytological surveillance in the treatment centre or alternatively, in the primary care sector as a minimum standard. We undertook this study to test this recommendation. SETTING: In a ...
Subash Mala - - 2008
Neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) capsulotomy is the most common treatment for posterior capsule thickening. Occasionally, patients are unsuitable for receiving this treatment by slit lamp and require alternative surgical options. A technique enabling patients to undergo Nd: YAG laser capsulotomies while under general anesthesia is described. After induction of anesthesia in the ...
Ivey Chandra M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The 585-nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) was recently deemed relatively safe and effective for treatment of laryngeal papilloma, dysplasia, and granuloma. We report on in-office PDL treatment of laryngeal vascular polyps. METHODS: Retrospective case results from 29 consecutive cases of laryngeal polyps were evaluated to determine the percent change ...
Kim Elizabeth M - - 2008
Lower lid blepharoplasty is performed with great variation in technique. Conventional lower lid blepharoplasty with anterior fat removal via the orbital septum has a potential lower lid malposition rate of 15% to 20%. Lower lid malposition and the stigma of obvious lower lid surgery have led plastic surgeons to continue ...
Fambrini Massimiliano - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of carbon-dioxide laser vaporization as definitive treatment for Bartholin gland cyst. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENTS: A consecutive series of 200 patients with monolateral or bilateral Bartholin gland cyst. INTERVENTIONS: A standardized technique of cyst vaporization ...
Fayad Amr Salah Eldin - - 2008
PURPOSE: To study the safety and efficacy of the holmium:YAG laser for disintegration of stones in pelvic ectopic kidneys. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between October 2005 and October 2006 four consecutive patients with large obstructing calculi (>3 cm in diameter) in the pelves of pelvic ectopic kidneys were prepared to be ...
Cohen Steven R - - 2008
The authors investigated postprocedure patient satisfaction after fractional photothermolysis with the Fraxel SR laser. All patients were surveyed with respect to their satisfaction with the results using a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5, with 5 = extremely satisfied and 1 = extremely dissatisfied. Fraxel SR laser treatment was ...
Schroeder James W JW - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the incidence, risk factors, and treatment of aspiration following CO(2) laser-assisted supraglottoplasty for severe laryngomalacia (LM). DESIGN: IRB approved retrospective study of pediatric patients with severe LM treated with CO(2) laser supraglottoplasty over a 5-year period. SETTING: Tertiary pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty-two patients met inclusion criteria. Indication ...
Martinez-Gonzalez M Covadonga - - 2008
Background: Bowen's disease is a common form of intraepidermal (in situ) squamous cell carcinoma of the skin and mucous membrane. Treatment with destruction of the epidermis by any method is necessary to prevent invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Objective: To report our experience with CO(2) laser vaporization in the treatment of ...
Parrilla Claudio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To standardize the technical parameters of the erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser stapedotomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of all patients with otosclerosis who underwent stapedotomy from January 2002 to January 2006. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The charts of 152 consecutive patients who underwent stapedotomy were reviewed. The patients were stratified into ...
Shah S - - 2008
We set out to consider the level of agreement between referral and treatment pathology and to investigate the effectiveness of standard surgical treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive women. This was a case-note review of all women who underwent treatment for CIN between 1995 and ...
Kara Cankat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the randomized controlled clinical trial described here was to determine the anxiety levels of patients prior to frenectomy using the Nd:YAG laser and conventional technique, and to compare the effects of these two methods on the degree of postoperative pain, discomfort, and functional complications (eating and ...
Naran Sanjay - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare 3 methods of assessment of pediatric port wine stains (PWSs) following multiple pulsed-dye laser (PDL) treatments; (i) parental evaluation, (ii) objective evaluation utilizing L*a*b* color measurement, and (iii) the visual inspection of serial photographs by blinded observers. Twenty-one children who had received ...
Dommisch Henrik - - 2008
The aim of this randomized clinical study was to compare the efficacy of a fluorescence-controlled erbium-loaded yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser with conventional bur treatment for caries therapy in adults. Twenty-six patients with 102 carious lesions were treated using either the Er:YAG laser, at threshold levels of 7, 8, 9, ...
Goldman Alberto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Striae are frequent skin lesions that cause considerable aesthetic concern. The 1,064-nm long-pulsed Nd:YAG laser has been used to promote an increase in dermal collagen and is known to be a laser that has a high affinity for vascular chromophores. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to verify the efficacy of ...
Kalteis Manfred - - 2008
This study compared postoperative patient comfort and the surgical outcome of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) or stripping of the great saphenous vein, both performed in conjunction with high ligation. The study randomized 100 patients with primary trunk varicosities of the great saphenous vein (CEAP clinical class II to IV) to ...
Goldman Alberto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Axillary hyperhidrosis is a common but difficult-to-treat condition with major social, labor, and emotional consequences. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to present the Nd-YAG laser as a safe and effective option for the treatment of axillary hyperhidrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2002 to April 2007, 17 ...
Karsai Syrus - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulsed dye (PDL) 595- and 1,064-nm Nd:YAG lasers are used for the treatment of vascular lesions. PDL-heated blood exhibits increased absorption of radiation at 1,064 nm, suggesting that the use of combined sequential dual wavelengths may offer benefits over single-wavelength treatments. This study compares the treatment efficacy ...
Tay Yong-Kwang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atrophic scars are dermal depressions caused by collagen damage most commonly occurring after inflammatory acne vulgaris. There are little published data regarding the effectiveness and safety of minimally invasive lasers in the treatment of atrophic acne scars in darker skin types. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to evaluate the efficacy ...
Fujiyama Koji - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there is no difference in the pain associated with orthodontic force application after the application of local CO(2) laser irradiation to the teeth involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Separation modules were placed at the distal contacts of the maxillary first molars in 90 patients in ...
Black S A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Thorascopic sympathectomy is accepted as an effective treatment for palmar hyperhidrosis, facial blushing and to a lesser extent for digital ischaemia and axillary hyperhidrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively on patients undergoing thorascopic sympathectomy at St Peter's Hospital between 1987 and 2006. Patients were followed up by ...
Aynaud Olivier - - 2008
Our aim was to evaluate remission and relapse rates and the number of laser sessions necessary for treatment. Among the relapses observed, we sought to differentiate between the persistence and recurrence of an HPV-induced lesion. This retrospective study was performed in patients, immunocompetent or not, treated with CO2 laser for ...
Antunes Héliton Spíndola - - 2008
We have investigated the clinical effects of low power laser therapy (LPLT) on the treatment of conditioning-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The evaluation of OM was done using the Oral Mucositis Assessment Scale (OMAS) and World Health Organization (WHO) scale. In the ...
Li Li - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Port wine stains (PWSs) are commonly treated by the pulsed dye laser. Recently, a long-pulse pulsed alexandrite laser was used to treat bulky vascular malformations. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we compare the efficacy and complications of the long-pulse pulsed dye laser (LPPDL) and the long-pulse pulsed alexandrite laser ...
Harvey Richard J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A variety of modalities are available for the control of recurrent epistaxis in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Laser ablation, in particular potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP), has gained popularity as it coagulates the telangiectasia with minimal peripheral tissue injury. Septodermoplasty (SDP) also can be performed in the day surgery setting. Telangiectasia recurred, ...
Kawecki Marek - - 2008
This prospective study looked at the outcome of laser (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) treatment for hypertrophic scarring. Dermatrade mark K laser (a set of combined lasers erbium:yttrium aluminium garnet/carbon dioxide, qualified as a class IV laser) was used. Between 21 June 2000 and 19 November 2002, at ...
Genovese M D - - 2008
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the laser therapy efficacy in paediatric dentistry, considering the subjective tolerance and acceptance of therapy in children needing both dental and soft tissue treatments. METHODS: A group of 50 patients from 6 to 12 years of age, needing both hard and soft tissue therapy ...
Yuan Kai-Hua - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) might be an alternative approach for treating port wine stains (PWS). This study attempts to compare clinical outcomes of PDT versus conventional pulsed dye laser (PDL) in Chinese patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records of a single hospital. PDL was delivered by a 585 nm ...
Arora Honey - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of low-level lasers for the prevention and treatment of radiotherapy-induced oral mucositis in oral cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four hospitalized patients with oral cancer, scheduled to undergo radiotherapy at KMC, Manipal, were enrolled in the present study and ...
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