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Mbunda Fidelis - - 2012
Chronic lower limb ulcers constitute a major public health problem of great important all over the world and contribute significantly to high morbidity and long-term disabilities. There is paucity of information regarding chronic lower limb ulcers in our setting; therefore it was necessary to conduct this study to establish the ...
Tabeefar Hamed H Department of Pharmacotherapy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2012
Stress-related mucosal damage (SRMD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients due to the gastrointestinal blood loss. Prophylaxis of SRMD with proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2 blockers has gained widespread use in intensive care units. Both demonstrated to be effective in reducing clinically significant bleedings, ...
Koo H S - - 2011
Debate continues about the optimal treatment modality of lupus nephritis (LN). We compared the efficacy and safety of intravenous cyclophosphamide (CYC) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for LN treatment in Korea. After searching for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients diagnosed between 1998 and 2007 with the diagnostic code of ICD10, we ...
Al-Attrach Ibrahim - - 2011
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) belongs to a family of related autoimmune rheumatic disorders that are capable of affecting multiple organs, and they are all associated with a variety of autoantibodies. Henoch Schoenlein purpura (HSP) is a sort of systemic vasculitis that is not associated with auto-antibodies and can affect different ...
Ferdinand Djohan Youzan - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of microalbuminuria in preventing kidney damage in systemic lupus erythemathosus. This was a prospective study of 6 months has focused on 25 patients of both sexes aged over 14 with SLE whose diagnosis was based on the criteria of the American College of ...
Karri Vasu - - 2011
The Charles procedure for late-stage lower limb lymphoedema (LLL) is often criticized for its unpredictable and poor results. We have adopted a systematic approach to optimize outcome of patients treated with this excisional surgery. From June 2004 to March 2009 we performed the Charles procedure on 1 lower limb of ...
Yeh Kuan-Hung - - 2011
Purpose: To describe a procedural technique involving a combined antegrade femoral and retrograde tibial approach for treatment of complex popliteal and infrapopliteal occlusions, and to determine the safety and efficacy of this technique. Materials and Methods: From May 2008 to March 2010, seven patients presenting with critical limb ischemia received ...
Söderström Maria - - 2011
An active surgical strategy to save lower limbs of patients with critical leg ischemia includes not only infrainguinal bypass surgery but also repeated surgery when needed. A failed infrainguinal bypass often threatens viability of the patient's legs, at which point a redo bypass procedure with a new graft may be ...
Zehr Bradley P - - 2011
Patients suffering from limb-threatening ischemia often have scarce or inadequate autogenous veins for complex lower limb revascularization. One option for such patients is to use conduit consisting of cadaver saphenous vein allograft (CSVA) as a final surgical option before limb amputation. This study reviewed retrospectively the patency of CryoVein CSVA ...
El-Koussy M - - 2011
Up to 88% of cavernous malformations (CMs) of the central nervous system can become symptomatic and cause long-term disability. The aim of this study was to document the characteristics of CMs in the catchment area of our institution. We retrospectively analysed newly discovered CMs over a 20-year observation period, as ...
See Lai-Chu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Wrong-site surgeries (including wrong-site, wrong-person and wrong-procedure errors) remain the number one problem among adverse events of health care delivery. Patients and/or family members should be involved when possible to help prevent such errors. AIMS: 1) Design an educational animation program about patient safety for patients and/or family members ...
Løkse Nilssen G A - - 2011
To observe immediate and late results of catheter-directed endovascular thrombolytic treatment of acute ischaemia of the leg. A total of 212 patients treated with Actilyse® at the University Hospital of North Norway because of acute arterial ischaemia of the leg during the period 01 January 2000-30 June 2006 were analysed ...
Gander Jeffrey W - - 2010
Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry data confirm that the number of pediatric patients being supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasing. To minimize the potential neurologic effects of carotid artery ligation, the common femoral artery (CFA) is frequently being used for arterial cannulation. The cannula has the potential for ...
Christenson Jan T - - 2010
Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) for ablation of the great saphenous vein (GSV) is thought to minimize postoperative morbidity compared with high ligation and stripping (HL/S). Only a few randomized trials have reported early results. This prospective randomized trial compared EVLT (980 nm) and HL/S results at 1 and 2 years ...
Humphries Misty D - - 2011
Duplex ultrasound scanning (DUS) has benefit for intraoperative and subsequent evaluation of surgical bypasses in the lower extremities. The utility of DUS after endovascular revascularizations is not established. This study was performed to evaluate whether DUS findings after infrainguinal endovascular interventions for critical limb ischemia (CLI) were predictive of need ...
Catagni Maurizio A - - 2011
Fibular hemimelia is partial or total aplasia of the fibula; it represents the most frequent congenital defect of the long bones. It usually is associated with other anomalies of the tibia, femur, and foot. We reviewed 32 patients with Type III fibular hemimelia treated by successive lower limb lengthening and ...
Brochado Neto F C - - 2010
To report our experience of long-term results of inframalleolar bypass. Retrospective analysis. We analysed 122 inframalleolar bypasses performed between January 1991 and June 2005 in 116 patients. Most patients were treated for critical ischaemia (97%). The indication for the use of podalic arteries was a lack of tibial arteries with ...
O'Neill Jennifer K - - 2010
A survey was performed of U.K. lower-limb reconstruction services and the protocol for management of free flaps to the lower limb in the first postoperative week. The postoperative period is of vital importance in these patients due to the complex nature of microsurgical tissue transfer. A range of answers were ...
Chung Byung June - - 2010
This study was conducted (1) to document discrepancies between preoperative and postoperative radiographic measurements and postregistration and postimplantation intraoperative navigational measurements of coronal limb alignments, and (2) to identify predictors of discrepancies between radiographic and navigational measures. In addition, we propose the use of a novel radiographic measuring method, and ...
Taneja Manish - - 2010
To evaluate our experience of limb salvage with bare nitinol stent enabled recanalization of long length occlusions of superficial femoral artery (SFA) and adjacent proximal popliteal artery (PPA) in diabetic patients. A total of 573 patients underwent 842 lower limb interventions from August 2006 to September 2008 at our institute. ...
Jung Enjae - - 2010
Popliteal artery aneurysms have traditionally been repaired with an open surgical approach. However, endovascular popliteal artery repair (EVPAR) has been used in selected patients because of its less invasive nature. In this report, we present our long-term outcomes for EVPAR. Retrospective review of all patients who underwent EVPAR at a ...
Fernandez Nathan N Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2010
The efficacy of tibial artery endovascular intervention (TAEI) for critical limb ischemia (CLI) and particularly for wound healing is not fully defined. The purpose of this study is to determine predictors of failure and success for TAEI in the setting of CLI. All TAEI for tissue loss or rest pain ...
Desai Mital - - 2011
This retrospective study reviews clinical outcomes of isolated common femoral endarterectomy (CFE) for critical limb ischemia (CLI), in particular whether poor runoff and inability to restore inline flow has negative impact. In 30 patients, runoff was assessed on preoperative angiograms and categorized into groups based on Society of Vascular Surgery ...
Shinsato Takuro - - 2010
We previously reported that Waon therapy upregulates endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein, and augments ischemia-induced angiogenesis in mice with hindlimb ischemia, and it improves limb ischemia in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanism of Waon therapy for the treatment ...
Redlich Ulf - - 2011
To assess postprocedural angiograms, the ankle-brachial index (ABI), and transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO(2)) to predict outcome after infrageniculate angioplasty (PTA) in diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) scheduled for amputation. PTA was performed in 28 diabetic patients with CLI confined to infrapopliteal vessels. We recorded patency of crural vessels, ...
Rodriguez-Ramirez Andres - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of ipsilateral congenital musculoskeletal anomalies associated with fibular hemimelia. We also attempted to determine the corelation between the eventual limb length discrepancy at maturity and these associated anomalies, as well as the Achterman-Kalamchi class of these patients. The records and ...
Andrews Karen L - - 2010
To determine whether transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO₂) measurements taken while the patient is supine, with the limb elevated, and/or with the limb dependent (below the level of the heart) can be used to predict the healing of partial-foot amputations. Retrospective, observational study. A tertiary care, outpatient, multidisciplinary practice. A total ...
Ihnat Daniel M - - 2010
Endovascular therapy (EVT) has increasingly become the initial clinical option for treatment of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD), not only for patients with claudication, but also for those with critical limb ischemia. Despite this major clinical practice paradigm shift, the outcomes of EVT for PAD are difficult to evaluate ...
Moxey P W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of lower extremity amputation in England, to establish the associated mortality, and to determine the relationship with diabetes mellitus and previous revascularization. METHODS: Data on all patients who had a lower extremity amputation between 2003 and 2008 were extracted ...
Maegawa Jiro - - 2010
Several authors have reported the usefulness and benefits of lymphoscintigraphy. However, it is insufficient to indicate microvascular treatment based on lymphedema. Here, we present the relationships between lymphoscintigraphic types and indications for lymphatic microsurgery. Preoperative lymphoscintigraphy was performed in 142 limbs with secondary lymphedema of the lower extremity. The images ...
Helgeson Melvin D - - 2010
We studied patients with combat-related injuries that required delayed amputation at least 4 months after the initial injury due to dysfunction, persistent pain, and patient desires. Late amputations were performed 22 times in 22 patients (21 men, 1 woman) since 2003. Fourteen patients underwent transtibial amputation, 5 transfemoral amputations, 1 ...
Asciutto G - - 2010
PURPOSE: To detect the influence of pelvic vein incompetence (PVI) on pain levels in patients with varicosity of the lower limb. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women of child-bearing age with symptomatic primary or recurrent varicosity of the greater saphenous vein (GSV) were prospectively included in two groups depending on the presence ...
Weale A R - - 2010
Iliac limb occlusion following endovascular repair (EVAR) may result in limb threatening acute ischemia. The incidence is reported at up to 10% and is known to be influenced by iliac angulation and kinking of the stent graft. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the AorfixTM ...
Bernardini Eugenio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic principles suggest that primary venous insufficiency follows the hydrostatic column of venous pressure of the limbs, and therefore, venous reflux begins at the lower points and rises upwards. To test the hypothesis of an "ascending development" of reflux, we carried an observational study to analyze the natural evolution ...
Sidhu Ramandeep - - 2010
Subintimal angioplasty (SA) has evolved into a viable revascularization procedure for complex lower extremity lesions. Although patency rates are lower than those for autogenous bypass, limb salvage rates are comparable. This study reviewed the 8-year experience of SA in a single center. Records of patients undergoing SA were reviewed. Clinical ...
Akula Maheswara - - 2011
This meta-analysis evaluates the quality of life in post-traumatic amputees in comparison with limb salvage. Studies included in this meta-analysis had a minimum of 24 months of follow-up and used a validated quality-of-life outcome assessment scale (Short Form-36 or Sickness Impact Profile) for physical and psychological outcomes. Two reviewers performed ...
Brown Kate V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have documented the rate of heterotopic ossification (HO) formation in the residual limbs of combat-related amputees from the US Armed Forces injured in Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom. Final amputation level within the zone of injury and blast as the mechanism of injury were identified as possible ...
Robert Rhonda S - - 2010
Traditionally, physicians have believed that limb-salvage surgery has functional and cosmetic advantages over amputation, yet the literature is equivocal. Therefore, we sought to compare the psychosocial and functional outcomes in osteosarcoma survivors after limb-salvage surgery and amputation. We hypothesized there to be neither psychosocial nor functional outcome differences between groups. ...
Halaska Michael J - - 2010
Lymphedema is a severe postoperative complication in oncological surgery. Multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MFBIA) is a new method for early lymphedema detection. The objective was to establish the methodology of MFBIA for lower-limb lymphedema and to detect a lymphedema in patients undergoing cervical cancer surgery. From a population of 60 ...
Glowacki Maciej - - 2011
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the frequency of limb shortening in the course of solitary bone cyst treatment. The correlation between the mode of treatment as well as the occurrence of pathological fracture, cyst location, volume, and locularity were examined. A retrospective analysis was carried out on ...
Kadota Hideki - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Salvage surgery after definitive chemoradiotherapy is often associated with a higher rate of perioperative complications and poor prognosis. The objective of this study is to examine the safety and efficacy of free jejunal transfer after salvage pharyngolaryngectomy for patients with locally recurrent hypopharyngeal carcinoma after definitive chemoradiotherapy. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Beebe Kathleen - - 2010
The noninvasive expandable prosthesis is used for limb-salvage surgery following tumor resection in skeletally immature patients. The purpose of this retrospective study is to report our experience with the Repiphysis (Wright Medical Technology, Inc; Arlington, Tennessee) noninvasive expandable prosthesis for both the lower extremity and compassionate use in the upper ...
Taylor Benjamin C - - 2010
We hypothesized that patients undergoing transtibial amputation osteomyoplasty would have better functional outcomes than patients undergoing traditional transtibial amputation. We conducted a retrospective review of the medical and radiographic records to evaluate and compare 26 patients who underwent transtibial amputation osteomyoplasty and 10 patients who underwent traditional transtibial amputation, with ...
Dosluoglu Hasan H - - 2010
Hybrid reconstructions have been increasingly used for multilevel revascularization procedures as surgeons have embraced endovascular interventions. The goal of this study is to define the role of simple and complex hybrid techniques in patients who need multilevel revascularization. All patients undergoing arterial revascularization (endovascular [EV], open, hybrid) between June 2001 ...
Appleton N D - - 2010
Extra-anatomical bypass grafting is a recognised method of lower limb re-vascularisation in high-risk patients who cannot tolerate aortic cross clamping, or in those with a hostile abdomen. We present a single surgeon series of such procedures and determine relevant outcomes. A retrospective review was performed on a prospectively maintained database ...
Sebastian Arun J - - 2010
To determine immediate and long-term outcomes following catheter-directed intraarterial thrombolysis of occluded native arteries and infrainguinal vein grafts by using low-dose tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) in patients with lower limb ischemia. One hundred eleven intraarterial thrombolysis procedures were performed in 96 patients during the 2-year study period. Patient records were ...
Abbas Amr E - - 2010
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is widely accepted as an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The majority of subjects studied in PAD literature have been male, leaving female patients an underrepresented population with regard to revascularization outcomes and prognosis. The purpose of our study was to determine predictors of ...
Wahlgren Carl-Magnus - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The postthrombotic syndrome is a chronic complication of deep venous thrombosis that leads to considerable pain and suffering to patients. We evaluated our experience of endovascular treatment for patients with chronic postthrombotic femoroiliocaval venous disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2003 through December 2007, 50 patients (51 limbs; 60% ...
Sallan Lauren Cole - - 2010
The Devonian marks a critical stage in the early evolution of vertebrates: It opens with an unprecedented diversity of fishes and closes with the earliest evidence of limbed tetrapods. However, the latter part of the Devonian has also been characterized as a period of global biotic crisis marked by two ...
Burkhardt Gabriel E - - 2010
Selective tibial revascularization refers to the practice of vessel repair vs ligation or observation based on factors observed at the time of injury. Although commonly employed, the effectiveness of this strategy and its impact on sustained limb salvage is unknown. The objective of this study is to define the factors ...
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