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Højgaard Pil P Department of Rheumatology, Gentofte Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark Department of Rheumatology, Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To investigate the association between tobacco smoking and disease activity, treatment adherence and treatment responses among patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) initiating the first tumour necrosis factor α inhibitor therapy (TNFi) in routine care. Observational cohort study based on the Danish nationwide DANBIO registry. Kaplan-Meier plots, logistic and Cox regression ...
Cavaliere Matteo M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital "San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d'Aragona" , - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: This study reveals that tragal cartilage tympanoplasty is a reliable technique, it has a high degree of graft take, and the tympanic re-aeration and hearing results are satisfactory. Objective: Cartilage is the grafting material of choice in advanced pathologies of the middle ear while the indications for its ...
Mazzaccaro D D Division of Vascular Surgery, San Carlo Borromeo - - 2014
We report our experience with the use of PTFE trilaminate graft Advanta SST (Atrium Maquet™)versus autologous great saphenous vein (AGSV) and composite PTFE trilaminate---vein graft for below---the-knee (BTK) revascularization. Data of all consecutive patients who underwent either a BTK or a distal femoro---popliteal bypass from January 2004 to March 2013 ...
Issa Kimona K Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, 2401 West Belvedere Avenue, Baltimore, MD, 21215, - - 2014
One of the most important goals of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is to achieve a functional range of motion (ROM). However, up to 20% of patients fail to do so, which can impair activities of daily living. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of various ...
Sohrabi S S Leeds Vascular Institute; Leeds General Infirmary Teaching Hospital NHS Trust; Institute for Genetics Health and Therapeutics, Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre (MCRC), Division of Cardiovascular and Diabetes Research, University of - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of death in people with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). There is little evidence that screening for AAA reduces all-cause or cardiovascular mortality. The aim of the study was to assess whether subjects with a small or medium AAA (3·0-5·4 cm), without previous history of ...
Kim Sung-Jae SJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, C.P.O. Box 8044, 134, Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, South Korea. E-mail address for S.-J. Kim: sungjaekim@yuhs.ac. E-mail address for S.-H. Kim: orthohwan@yuhs.ac. E-mail address for M. Jung: - - 2014
We compared the clinical outcomes of nonsmokers, current smokers, and former smokers following reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and investigated the association between the amount of smoking and outcomes following ACL reconstruction.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 251 patients who underwent unilateral ACL reconstruction with use of ...
Sherid Muhammed M Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Georgia Regents University, 1120 15th Street, BB R2538, Augusta, GA 30912, - - 2014
Recurrence of ischemic colitis (IC) has not been studied extensively. The aim of this study was to investigatethe characteristics of recurrent IC in the community setting and to identify any risk factors. We conducted a retrospective study in two community hospitals. Medical records of patients with IC from January 2007 ...
Sakamoto Kazuhiko K Department of Digestive Surgery and Surgical Oncology, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Minami-Kogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi, 755-8505, - - 2014
We retrospectively evaluated the relationship between cytokine gene polymorphisms and development of postoperative pneumonia after esophagectomy. In 120 patients who underwent esophagectomy, serum samples were obtained to measure levels of serum interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 at four time points (preoperatively, postoperative day (POD)0, POD1, and POD3). DNA extracted from peripheral ...
Okada Naoya N Department of Surgery, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital , Teine-ku, Sapporo, Japan - - 2014
Abstract Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a serious complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). To prevent microbial colonization of suture material in operative wounds, triclosan-coated polyglactin sutures with antibacterial activity have been developed recently. Several clinical studies have shown that the use of such suture reduces SSIs in various operations, but ...
Suh Yong Joon YJ Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital and College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical benefits of purse-string skin closure (PS) in daily practice compared with conventional linear skin closure (CL) after ileostomy takedown in Korean population. These retrospectively collected data were based on 157 consecutive patients who underwent ileostomy takedown between November 2010 and ...
Alvarez-Jiménez Jesús J Jesús Álvarez-Jiménez, DP, PhD • Associate Professor • Department of Podiatry • Seville University • Seville, Spain Antonio Córdoba-Fernández, DP, PhD • Professor of Podiatric Surgery • Department of Podiatry • Seville University • Seville, - - 2014
To enhance the learner's competence with knowledge of the effect of smoking on wound healing in patients undergoing nail matrix phenolization. This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better ...
Song Lisheng L Department of Psychiatry, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, - - 2014
Nicotine may improve schizophrenia patient's cognitive deficit symptoms. This study was to explore the chronic effects of smoking on prepulse inhibition of the startle reflex (PPI) and P50 in the patients with first-episode schizophrenia (FES). The event-related potentials (ERP) recording and analysis instrument made by Brain Products, Germany, was used ...
Kinnaird Adam S AS Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2014
We determine the preoperative identifiable risk factors during staging that predict stricture recurrence after urethroplasty. We conducted a retrospective review of all urethroplasties performed at a Canadian tertiary referral centre from 2003 to 2012. Failure was defined as a recurrent stricture <16 Fr on cystoscopic assessment. Multivariate analysis was calculated ...
Sugimoto Masayuki M Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan, - - 2014
We herein review the long-term results of our series of critical ischemic limbs caused by Buerger's disease. A retrospective review of 103 patients with critical limb ischemia who were diagnosed with Buerger's disease by Shionoya's criteria between 1980 and 2010. The age of onset was 38.0 ± 9.7 years (mean ± SD). The median follow-up ...
Bilgin Ahmet Burak AB Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology , Antalya , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the association between smoking and prognosis of ocular Behçet disease. Material/Methods: Medical records of 202 patients with Behçet uveitis were collected retrospectively. Patients were assigned to two groups according to smoking habits. In group I, 72 patients were current smokers. In group II, 130 were nonsmokers. ...
Scollo Michelle M Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, , Melbourne, - - 2014
We aimed to assess change in the availability of illicit tobacco in small mixed business retail outlets following the December 2012 introduction of plain packaging in Australia. 303 small retail outlets were visited in June and September 2012 (baseline months), and in December 2012 and February, April and July 2013. ...
Secades-Villa Roberto R Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Plaza Feijoo, s/n, 33003 Oviedo, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contingency management (CM) is an efficacious intervention for reducing cigarette smoking. However, CM is rarely adopted as a smoking cessation treatment in the community. This study analyzed the effectiveness of a CM procedure in combination with a cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) for smoking cessation among treatment-seeking patients from the general population. ...
Eshghpour Majid M Dental Research Center, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in preventing the development of alveolar osteitis (AO). In a double-blinded study, patients with bilateral impacted mandibular third molars underwent surgical extractions, with one socket receiving PRF and the other one serving as a control. The surgeon and patient were unaware of the ...
Kim Hack-Lyoung HL Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University - - 2014
Background: The present study investigated whether cilostazol can eliminate adverse smoking outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and Results: A total of 914 patients with successful drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation were randomly assigned to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAT; aspirin and clopidogrel, n=457) or to triple antiplatelet therapy (TAT; DAT with cilostazol, ...
Dedivitis R A RA Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital das Clínicas, São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo; ; Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital Ana Costa, Santos and Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia, Santos, - - 2014
The use of a stapler for pharyngeal closure during total laryngectomy was first described in 1971. It provides rapid watertight closure without surgical field contamination. The objective of our study was to compare the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula after total laryngectomy with manual and mechanical closures of the pharynx. This ...
Gupta Divya D Department of Anesthesia, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, - - 2014
Post-operative sore throat (POST) is an undesirable side effect of endotracheal intubation. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures have been utilized for minimizing the morbidity caused by POST. We have tested use of Strepsils lozenges in providing efficacy for decreasing POST in smokers presenting for surgery under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. ...
Fazlioglu Adem - - 2014
Animal studies have shown that nicotine affects the peristalsis of the ureter. The aim of the study is to analyze the effect of smoking on spontaneous passage of distal ureteral stones. 88 patients in whom distal ureteral stone below 10 mm diameter diagnosed with helical computerized tomography enhanced images were ...
Bidar Elham E Dept. Physiology, Maastricht University Medical Centre; Dept. Cardiothoracic surgery, Maastricht University Medical - - 2014
Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is considered to be a transient arrhythmia in the first week after surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the 30-day incidence and predictors of POAF and the value of postoperative overdrive biatrial pacing in prevention of POAF. Patients (n=148) without a history of ...
Jetton Jacquelyn A JA Departments of *Ophthalmology, Dean A. McGee Eye Institute; and †Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking on healing of corneal abrasions and keratitis in humans. A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with corneal abrasions and corneal ulcers from 1990 to 2010 at the Dean McGee Eye Institute was performed. The primary outcome measured was time from initial examination ...
Joshi Girish P GP Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9068, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the effects of fentanyl administered before induction of anesthesia on movement and airway responses during desflurane anesthesia via the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA). Randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial. Tertiary-care academic center. 100 adult, ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 patients undergoing ambulatory surgery. Patients were administered fentanyl 1 ...
Masuda Yoshiko Y Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kumamoto Chuo Hospital, Kumamoto, - - 2014
Kinking of the middle lobar bronchus is sometimes observed after a right upper lobectomy, but prevention and treatment have not been established. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for a kinked middle lobar bronchus causing postoperative middle lobe atelectasis. We performed a retrospective analysis of the medical records ...
Stockley Robert A - - 2014
ABSTRACT (N=212) Phenotypic differences in physiological, radiological and clinical characteristics are increasingly recognised in COPD. The factors associated with alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (A1AD) physiological phenotypes and how they progress with time have yet to be explained.530 PiZZ A1AD patients were studied; 255 of whom had ≥3 years data for longitudinal analysis. ...
Konishi Hirokazu H Department of Cardiology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Limited data exist regarding the long-term prognosis of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in young adults. The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the long-term clinical outcomes in young patients who underwent PCI. Between 1985 and 2011, 7649 consecutive patients underwent PCI, and data from 69 young adults (age ...
Makol Ashima A Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Health Sciences Research and Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical correlates and predictors of rheumatoid vasculitis (RV).Methods. A retrospective cohort of patients with RV evaluated at a tertiary referral centre between 1 January 2000 and 1 January 2010 was identified. RV cases were compared in a 1:2 ratio to ...
Hasan Faysal M FM Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, North Shore Medical Center Salem Hospital, Salem, MA, United States; Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United - - 2014
The efficacy of pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation is well documented. However, due to relapse rates and side effects, hypnotherapy is gaining attention as an alternative treatment option. The aim of this one-center randomized study was to compare the efficacy of hypnotherapy alone, as well as hypnotherapy with nicotine replacement therapy ...
Yilmazel Ucar Elif E Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ataturk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey. - - 2014
Pharmacologic therapies have an important role in the success of interventions for smoking cessation. This study aims to determine the efficacy of several pharmacologic treatments in patients who applied to a smoking cessation clinic. This retrospective study includes 422 patients who presented to our smoking cessation clinic between January 2010 ...
Noufal Ahammed A a Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology , MES Dental College , Perinthalmanna , Kerala , - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Background: Tobacco in any form (smoking or chewing), arecanut chewing, and alcohol are considered to be the major extrinsic etiological factors for potentially malignant disorders of the oral cavity and for squamous cell carcinoma, the most common oral malignancy in India. An increase in nuclear diameter (ND) and nucleus-cell ...
Mohlin Eric E E Mohlin, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2013
ObjectiveTo investigate the long-term prognosis of patients with Graves' disease (GD) after antithyroid drug (ATD) treatment and follow-up outside of highly specialized care.Design and methodsMedical records of all patients diagnosed with first-time GD 2000-2010 with at least 6 months ATD treatment at a central hospital and follow up in primary ...
Irvinn Jeyna - - 2013
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) play an important role in access for hemodialysis, yet premature thrombosis is a challenge. This study identifies factors influencing primary patency in a series of AVF creations. Postoperative systolic blood pressure (BP) was of principal interest; demographical information, comorbidities, smoking status, warfarin, aspirin, clopidogrel, and statins were ...
Kim Bum Joon - - 2013
The progression of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is closely associated with ischemic stroke recurrence. However, the efficacy of cilostazol on preventing CIMT progression in stroke patients has never been investigated properly by a prospective trial. This study is a part of "Trial of Cilostazol in Symptomatic Intracranial Arterial Stenosis-2." Six ...
Desrosiers Nathalie A - - 2013
Analyte stability is an important factor in urine test interpretation, yet cannabinoid stability data are limited. A comprehensive study of Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), 11-hydroxy-THC (11-OH-THC), 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC (THCCOOH), cannabidiol, cannabinol, THC-glucuronide, and THCCOOH-glucuronide stabilities in authentic urine was completed. Urine samples after ad libitum cannabis smoking were pooled to prepare low and ...
Chen Timothy - - 2013
Purpose. To evaluate the effectiveness of the Pharmacist-Managed Telephone Tobacco Cessation Clinic (PMTTCC) compared to the standard of care (SOC) at the Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System. Method. A retrospective cohort study was performed investigating the proportion of veterans who quit smoking at 6 months while enrolled in the ...
Barakat Hashem M - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate morbidity, mortality, and survival in octogenarians undergoing open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs) in comparison to younger patients. This investigation was a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database from a tertiary referral center. We included all consecutive RAAA patients ...
Albu Silviu - - 2013
In cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage endoscopic repair, lumbar drains (LDs) were used in an attempt to increase success rates. To critically assess the relationship between use of LDs and recurrent leaks, we embarked on this randomized prospective study. Patients undergoing CSF leak repair between 2000 and 2012 were randomized into ...
Saxena Akshat - - 2013
Background There is a paucity of data on the impact of smoking status on outcomes after concomitant aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass graft (AVR-CABG) surgery.Methods Data obtained prospectively between June 2001 and December 2009 by the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons National Cardiac ...
Aytemir Kudret - - 2013
Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation with cryoballoon is a recently developed technique for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) with acceptable mid-term results in terms of the success and safety. The purpose of our study is to identify the periprocedural complications, mid-term success rates and predictors of recurrence after AF ablation ...
Walter Clemens - - 2013
Effects of smoking cessation on the outcomes of non-surgical periodontal therapy: a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. Chambrone L, Preshaw PM, Rosa EF, Heasman PA, Romito GA, Pannuti CM, Tu YK. J Clin Periodontol 2013;40:607-15. Clemens Walter, DMD, Anton Friedmann, DMD, PhD PURPOSE/QUESTION: "Does quitting smoking improve the clinical ...
Jacono Andrew A - - 2013
IMPORTANCE The cervicofacial rotation-advancement flap is commonly used for facial defects. Decreasing the rate of distal edge necrosis (DEN) encountered with this flap would help prevent complications in sensitive areas such as the eyelid, lip, and nose. OBJECTIVE To compare the untoward occurrence of DEN between 2 surgical dissection methods ...
Kim Sung-Jae - - 2013
BACKGROUND:There has been no previous study regarding graft selection in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction for smoking patients. PURPOSE:To compare the clinical outcomes of ACL reconstruction between smokers and nonsmokers and to find an optimal graft in ACL reconstruction with regard to clinical outcomes for smoking patients. STUDY DESIGN:Cohort study; ...
Haroon Nigil N University Health Network and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
To study the effect of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) inhibitors on progressive spinal damage in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). All AS patients meeting the modified New York criteria who had been monitored prospectively and had at least 2 sets of spinal radiographs a minimum of 1.5 years apart ...
Kapadia Bhaveen H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of total hip arthroplasty in patients who were smokers to patients who were non-smokers. All total hip arthroplasties performed between 2007 and 2009 were reviewed to identify patients who indicated tobacco use. There were 110 smokers who were matched ...
Gulpinar Kamil - - 2013
To evaluate the optimum timing of aspirin cessation before noncardiac surgeries. We have conducted a pilot study to minimize the aspirin cessation time before various surgeries. Eighty patients who were taking regular aspirin for secondary prevention undergoing elective surgical operations were enrolled in the study. We separated the patients into ...
Naranjo Antonio - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to evaluate an intervention program in smoker patients. We selected consecutive active smoker patients with rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, or connective tissue diseases. The intervention consisted of the following: (1) a baseline visit, which included verbal and written advice by the rheumatologist, emphasizing the practical ...
Luszczyk Myles - - 2013
Object Although smoking has been shown to negatively affect fusion rates in patients undergoing multilevel fusions of the cervical and lumbar spine, the effect of smoking on fusion rates in patients undergoing single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with allograft and plate fixation has yet to be thoroughly investigated. ...
Tian Nai F - - 2013
Many clinical studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of electrical stimulation as an adjunct to spinal arthrodesis. However, there is a paucity of comparative data among different electrical stimulation techniques. To compare the efficacy of three electrical stimulation methods for spinal fusion based on the literature review. Twenty-one articles, meeting all ...
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