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Scollo Michelle M Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, , Melbourne, - - 2014
We aimed to assess change in the availability of illicit tobacco in small mixed business retail outlets following the December 2012 introduction of plain packaging in Australia. 303 small retail outlets were visited in June and September 2012 (baseline months), and in December 2012 and February, April and July 2013. ...
Kim Hack-Lyoung HL Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University - - 2014
Background: The present study investigated whether cilostazol can eliminate adverse smoking outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and Results: A total of 914 patients with successful drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation were randomly assigned to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAT; aspirin and clopidogrel, n=457) or to triple antiplatelet therapy (TAT; DAT with cilostazol, ...
Fazlioglu Adem - - 2014
Animal studies have shown that nicotine affects the peristalsis of the ureter. The aim of the study is to analyze the effect of smoking on spontaneous passage of distal ureteral stones. 88 patients in whom distal ureteral stone below 10 mm diameter diagnosed with helical computerized tomography enhanced images were ...
Bidar Elham E Dept. Physiology, Maastricht University Medical Centre; Dept. Cardiothoracic surgery, Maastricht University Medical - - 2014
Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is considered to be a transient arrhythmia in the first week after surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the 30-day incidence and predictors of POAF and the value of postoperative overdrive biatrial pacing in prevention of POAF. Patients (n=148) without a history of ...
Jetton Jacquelyn A JA Departments of *Ophthalmology, Dean A. McGee Eye Institute; and †Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking on healing of corneal abrasions and keratitis in humans. A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with corneal abrasions and corneal ulcers from 1990 to 2010 at the Dean McGee Eye Institute was performed. The primary outcome measured was time from initial examination ...
Joshi Girish P GP Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9068, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the effects of fentanyl administered before induction of anesthesia on movement and airway responses during desflurane anesthesia via the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA). Randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial. Tertiary-care academic center. 100 adult, ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 patients undergoing ambulatory surgery. Patients were administered fentanyl 1 ...
Masuda Yoshiko Y Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kumamoto Chuo Hospital, Kumamoto, - - 2014
Kinking of the middle lobar bronchus is sometimes observed after a right upper lobectomy, but prevention and treatment have not been established. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for a kinked middle lobar bronchus causing postoperative middle lobe atelectasis. We performed a retrospective analysis of the medical records ...
Stockley Robert A - - 2014
ABSTRACT (N=212) Phenotypic differences in physiological, radiological and clinical characteristics are increasingly recognised in COPD. The factors associated with alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (A1AD) physiological phenotypes and how they progress with time have yet to be explained.530 PiZZ A1AD patients were studied; 255 of whom had ≥3 years data for longitudinal analysis. ...
Konishi Hirokazu H Department of Cardiology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Limited data exist regarding the long-term prognosis of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in young adults. The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the long-term clinical outcomes in young patients who underwent PCI. Between 1985 and 2011, 7649 consecutive patients underwent PCI, and data from 69 young adults (age ...
Coghill Yvonne Y NHS Leadership - - 2014
January is a month dominated by good intentions; we are all trying to keep our New Year resolutions and are busy thinking about changes we can make that will improve our lives. Whether you are giving up smoking, planning to lose weight or going to the gym, positive change is ...
Makol Ashima A Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Health Sciences Research and Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical correlates and predictors of rheumatoid vasculitis (RV).Methods. A retrospective cohort of patients with RV evaluated at a tertiary referral centre between 1 January 2000 and 1 January 2010 was identified. RV cases were compared in a 1:2 ratio to ...
Hasan Faysal M FM Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, North Shore Medical Center Salem Hospital, Salem, MA, United States; Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United - - 2014
The efficacy of pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation is well documented. However, due to relapse rates and side effects, hypnotherapy is gaining attention as an alternative treatment option. The aim of this one-center randomized study was to compare the efficacy of hypnotherapy alone, as well as hypnotherapy with nicotine replacement therapy ...
Yilmazel Ucar Elif E Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ataturk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey. - - 2014
Pharmacologic therapies have an important role in the success of interventions for smoking cessation. This study aims to determine the efficacy of several pharmacologic treatments in patients who applied to a smoking cessation clinic. This retrospective study includes 422 patients who presented to our smoking cessation clinic between January 2010 ...
Noufal Ahammed A a Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology , MES Dental College , Perinthalmanna , Kerala , - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Background: Tobacco in any form (smoking or chewing), arecanut chewing, and alcohol are considered to be the major extrinsic etiological factors for potentially malignant disorders of the oral cavity and for squamous cell carcinoma, the most common oral malignancy in India. An increase in nuclear diameter (ND) and nucleus-cell ...
Mohlin Eric E E Mohlin, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2013
ObjectiveTo investigate the long-term prognosis of patients with Graves' disease (GD) after antithyroid drug (ATD) treatment and follow-up outside of highly specialized care.Design and methodsMedical records of all patients diagnosed with first-time GD 2000-2010 with at least 6 months ATD treatment at a central hospital and follow up in primary ...
Irvinn Jeyna - - 2013
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) play an important role in access for hemodialysis, yet premature thrombosis is a challenge. This study identifies factors influencing primary patency in a series of AVF creations. Postoperative systolic blood pressure (BP) was of principal interest; demographical information, comorbidities, smoking status, warfarin, aspirin, clopidogrel, and statins were ...
Kim Bum Joon - - 2013
The progression of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is closely associated with ischemic stroke recurrence. However, the efficacy of cilostazol on preventing CIMT progression in stroke patients has never been investigated properly by a prospective trial. This study is a part of "Trial of Cilostazol in Symptomatic Intracranial Arterial Stenosis-2." Six ...
Desrosiers Nathalie A - - 2013
Analyte stability is an important factor in urine test interpretation, yet cannabinoid stability data are limited. A comprehensive study of Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), 11-hydroxy-THC (11-OH-THC), 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC (THCCOOH), cannabidiol, cannabinol, THC-glucuronide, and THCCOOH-glucuronide stabilities in authentic urine was completed. Urine samples after ad libitum cannabis smoking were pooled to prepare low and ...
Chen Timothy - - 2013
Purpose. To evaluate the effectiveness of the Pharmacist-Managed Telephone Tobacco Cessation Clinic (PMTTCC) compared to the standard of care (SOC) at the Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System. Method. A retrospective cohort study was performed investigating the proportion of veterans who quit smoking at 6 months while enrolled in the ...
Barakat Hashem M - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate morbidity, mortality, and survival in octogenarians undergoing open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs) in comparison to younger patients. This investigation was a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database from a tertiary referral center. We included all consecutive RAAA patients ...
Albu Silviu - - 2013
In cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage endoscopic repair, lumbar drains (LDs) were used in an attempt to increase success rates. To critically assess the relationship between use of LDs and recurrent leaks, we embarked on this randomized prospective study. Patients undergoing CSF leak repair between 2000 and 2012 were randomized into ...
Saxena Akshat - - 2013
Background There is a paucity of data on the impact of smoking status on outcomes after concomitant aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass graft (AVR-CABG) surgery.Methods Data obtained prospectively between June 2001 and December 2009 by the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons National Cardiac ...
Aytemir Kudret - - 2013
Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation with cryoballoon is a recently developed technique for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) with acceptable mid-term results in terms of the success and safety. The purpose of our study is to identify the periprocedural complications, mid-term success rates and predictors of recurrence after AF ablation ...
Walter Clemens - - 2013
Effects of smoking cessation on the outcomes of non-surgical periodontal therapy: a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. Chambrone L, Preshaw PM, Rosa EF, Heasman PA, Romito GA, Pannuti CM, Tu YK. J Clin Periodontol 2013;40:607-15. Clemens Walter, DMD, Anton Friedmann, DMD, PhD PURPOSE/QUESTION: "Does quitting smoking improve the clinical ...
Jacono Andrew A - - 2013
IMPORTANCE The cervicofacial rotation-advancement flap is commonly used for facial defects. Decreasing the rate of distal edge necrosis (DEN) encountered with this flap would help prevent complications in sensitive areas such as the eyelid, lip, and nose. OBJECTIVE To compare the untoward occurrence of DEN between 2 surgical dissection methods ...
Kim Sung-Jae - - 2013
BACKGROUND:There has been no previous study regarding graft selection in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction for smoking patients. PURPOSE:To compare the clinical outcomes of ACL reconstruction between smokers and nonsmokers and to find an optimal graft in ACL reconstruction with regard to clinical outcomes for smoking patients. STUDY DESIGN:Cohort study; ...
Haroon Nigil N University Health Network and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
To study the effect of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) inhibitors on progressive spinal damage in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). All AS patients meeting the modified New York criteria who had been monitored prospectively and had at least 2 sets of spinal radiographs a minimum of 1.5 years apart ...
Kapadia Bhaveen H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of total hip arthroplasty in patients who were smokers to patients who were non-smokers. All total hip arthroplasties performed between 2007 and 2009 were reviewed to identify patients who indicated tobacco use. There were 110 smokers who were matched ...
Gulpinar Kamil - - 2013
To evaluate the optimum timing of aspirin cessation before noncardiac surgeries. We have conducted a pilot study to minimize the aspirin cessation time before various surgeries. Eighty patients who were taking regular aspirin for secondary prevention undergoing elective surgical operations were enrolled in the study. We separated the patients into ...
Naranjo Antonio - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to evaluate an intervention program in smoker patients. We selected consecutive active smoker patients with rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, or connective tissue diseases. The intervention consisted of the following: (1) a baseline visit, which included verbal and written advice by the rheumatologist, emphasizing the practical ...
Luszczyk Myles - - 2013
Object Although smoking has been shown to negatively affect fusion rates in patients undergoing multilevel fusions of the cervical and lumbar spine, the effect of smoking on fusion rates in patients undergoing single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with allograft and plate fixation has yet to be thoroughly investigated. ...
Tian Nai F - - 2013
Many clinical studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of electrical stimulation as an adjunct to spinal arthrodesis. However, there is a paucity of comparative data among different electrical stimulation techniques. To compare the efficacy of three electrical stimulation methods for spinal fusion based on the literature review. Twenty-one articles, meeting all ...
Gross Bradley A - - 2013
Vasospasm is the leading source of neurological morbidity after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Our objective is to evaluate the impact of treatment modality on vasospasm, delayed cerebral infarction and clinical deterioration due to delayed cerebral ischemia (CD-DCI). The authors reviewed an institutional cohort comparing rates of vasospasm, delayed cerebral infarction, ...
Verim Aysegül - - 2013
ObjectivesTo investigate the causes of columellar scar formation in a Turkish population in relation to nasal skin thickness, texture, and type and discuss possible solutions for better results.Study DesignProspective, clinical study.SettingOtorhinolaryngology department of a tertiary hospital.MethodsThe preoperative dermal thickness of 50 consecutive patients undergoing "external approach" septorhinoplasty was measured (using ...
Lee Susan M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Cigarette smoking by surgical patients is associated with increased complications, particularly perioperative respiratory problems and poor wound healing. In this study, we sought to determine whether a pragmatic perioperative smoking cessation intervention designed for a busy preadmission clinic would be successful in reducing smoking rates and intraoperative and immediate postoperative ...
Türkcü Fatih Mehmet - - 2013
Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences, in terms of visual outcome and treatment needs, between smokers and non-smokers central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) patients. Methods: The files of 252 patients diagnosed with CSCR who had presented to the Retina Unit of the Ophthalmology Clinic at ...
Mathur R K M Rajkumar - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: ● Complex urethral strictures are difficult to manage and ideally treated by substitution urethroplasty but the best substitute material is yet to be determined. ● Preputial skin flap in expert and experienced hands is an excellent substitute with results ...
Theodosiou M G - - 2013
Purpose: To assess the progression of precancerous laryngeal lesions to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), defined by specific histopathological criteria, in patients with longterm follow-up. Methods: Patients with laryngeal dysplasia, followed/ treated between 1985 and 2008, were retrospectively evaluated and classified according to the World Health Organization classification system (WHO). The ...
Nohlert Eva - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Achieving lifelong tobacco abstinence is an important public health goal. Most studies use 1-year follow-ups, but little is known about how good these are as proxies for long-term and life-long abstinence. Also, intervention intensity is an important issue for development of efficient and cost-effective cessation treatment protocols.The study aims ...
Chiotoroiu Sm - - 2013
Background:Diagnosing glaucoma by clinical and paraclinical selection, monitoring the patients who present glaucoma, smoke and consume high quantities of alcohol. We wish to demonstrate the influence of smoking and alcohol consumption on the progression of glaucoma. The paper represents a clinical prospective observational and interventional study within a period of ...
Gupta Diyva - - 2013
Post-Operative Sore Throat (POST) is an undesirable side effect ofendotracheal intubation. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures have been utilized for minimizing the morbidity caused by POST. We have tested whether medicated lozenges of Licorice provides efficacy in decreasing POST in smokers presenting for surgery under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. 100 ...
Kaval Başak - - 2013
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate possible effects of smoking on; 1) biochemical content in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples from sites of gingival recession and saliva, 2) clinical outcomes of coronally advanced flap for root coverage. Methods: Eighteen defects in 15 patients were included in each of the ...
Wakefield Melanie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess change in cigarette pack retrieval time in small retail outlets following the introduction of plain packaging in Australia in 1 December 2012. METHODS: A sample of 303 milk bars, convenience stores, petrol stations and newsagents was selected in four capital cities, stratified by area socioeconomic ...
Czarnywojtek Agata - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Radioiodine therapy (RIT) is frequently used as the definitive treatment in patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism when remission is not achieved with anti-thyroid drugs (ATDs). In this observational study, we intended to examine whether the use of high doses of radioiodine (RAI) [22 mCi (814 MBq)] with prophylaxis of oral ...
Kim Hyun Ji - - 2013
BACKGROUNDAIMS: Various pulmonary diseases may be associated with bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF). Our aim was to identify a relationship between BAF and endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB). In total, 156 patients, diagnosed with EBTB using bronchoscopy, between June 1999 and May 2008, were included. Clinical and bronchoscopic findings between patients with BAF (n ...
Pezzuto Aldo - - 2013
Aim: Tobacco smoke contains many chemicals that are harmful and cause carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to confirm the relationship between smoking and changes in respiratory functional and laboratory parameters comparing, in particular, smoking-cessation treatment's outcomes between smokers who reduce tobacco consumption (reducers) and smokers who quit completely ...
Jussen Daniel - - 2013
Background: Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) is the treatment of choice for prevention of vascular events in symptomatic steno-occlusive cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Cerebral revascularization using standard extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery may be used to revert hemodynamic compromise. Aspirin is prescribed as standard medication in order to avoid bypass failure. Accumulating evidence ...
Chambrone Leandro L Division of Periodontics, Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. - - 2013
To conduct an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis to assess the effect of smoking cessation (SC) on clinical outcomes following the non-surgical periodontal treatment in patients with chronic periodontitis. MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL were searched up to, and including, August 2012. Prospective cohort studies of at least 6 months' duration ...
Dezee Kent J - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Quit rates for smoking cessation attempts are maximized by using counseling with medication. Internet-based counseling might be a suitable replacement for in-person counseling. METHODS: Patients in a military medical system in the active phase of quitting presented for study intake. They were randomized to in-person counseling (n = 44) ...
Fosbol Emil L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A major advantage of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) relative to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is its durability, yet there is a paucity of information on rates and predictors of repeat coronary revascularization following CABG in the modern era. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included STS National Adult Cardiac ...
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