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Fosbol Emil L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A major advantage of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) relative to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is its durability, yet there is a paucity of information on rates and predictors of repeat coronary revascularization following CABG in the modern era. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included STS National Adult Cardiac ...
Kwon Sae Min - - 2013
The introduction and development of the embolic protecting device (EPD) has resulted in a decreased rate of stroke after carotid artery stenting (CAS). The authors performed a retrospective study to investigate the risk factors for developing large emboli after CAS which can lead to ischemic events. A total of 35 ...
Saxena Akshat - - 2013
Currently, insufficient data exist relating to the impact of smoking status on outcomes after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) surgery. Data obtained prospectively between June 2001 and December 2009 by the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (SCTS) Cardiac Surgery Database Program was analyzed retrospectively. Demographic ...
Barakat Hashem M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether resting pre-operative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) estimated by multiple gated acquisition scanning (MUGA) predicts long-term survival in patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. METHODS: A retrospective study of MUGA scans which were performed to estimate pre-operative resting LVEF in 127 patients [106 (83 %) ...
Khalil Mohamed A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with many intra and postoperative events, especially respiratory complications. Hypoxemia and airway damage are found to aggravate any pre-existing respiratory pathology among smokers. One lung ventilation (OLV) carries a 4-10 % risk of development of hypoxia. AIM: The purpose of this study was to predict the incidence ...
Kim Yu Yil - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are common complications after anesthesia and surgery. This study was designed to compare the effects of palonosetron and ondansetron in preventing PONV in high-risk patients receiving intravenous opioid-based patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after gynecological laparoscopic surgery. One hundred non-smoking female patients scheduled for gynecological laparoscopic surgery ...
Hacievliyagil S S - - 2013
Background: Cigarette smoke with its toxic ingredients leads to chronic inflammations in the airways. Objectives: In this study, the effect of cigarette smoke on the levels of inflammatory markers, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in induced sputum was investigated. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with chronic ...
Jankovic Sasha - - 2013
Risk factors such as smoking, genetic factors, and tissue biotype play an important role in the etiology, predictability, and long-term stability of gingival recession treatment. This study was designed to evaluate the influence of interleukin 1 (IL-1) polymorphism and smoking on the stability of gingival recession treatment after 1 and ...
Haji Mohd Yasin Nur A B - - 2013
The aim of this study is to review our endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) experience in Dunedin Public Hospital as well as assessing the applicability of Mount Sinai score and the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification (ASA) in finding which patients will be most likely to benefit from EVAR. ...
Chong Sy Giin - - 2013
A 38-year-old woman with a long-term history of smoking presented to the lung cancer clinic with weight loss and recurrent lower respiratory tract infections. A diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis was made by specimen samples taken from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.  She was advised to stop smoking, which she adhered to. ...
Lasser Karen E - - 2013
We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a patient navigation intervention. Forty-seven smokers from one safety-net hospital were randomized to either a control group, in which they received a smoking cessation brochure and a list of smoking cessation resources, or a navigation group, ...
Graham Amanda L - - 2013
Seasonal variations in smoking and quitting behaviors have been documented, with many smokers seeking cessation assistance around the start of the New Year. What remains unknown is whether smokers who are recruited to cessation treatment trials during the New Year are as motivated to quit, or as likely to enroll ...
Akpinar Aysun - - 2012
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of non-surgical periodontal treatment on gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum oxidant-antioxidant levels in smoking and non-smoking patients with chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with chronic periodontitis (15 smokers (CP-S) and 14 non-smokers (CP-NS)) and 20 periodontally healthy subjects ...
Miwa Shinji - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The recurrence of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a major problem in the treatment of LDH. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for recurrent LDH. METHODS:: Between April, 2005 and March, 2008, 298 patients with LDH, who underwent surgical treatment, were enrolled in this ...
Roszkowska Anna M - - 2012
ABSTRACT Purpose: To study the correlation of gender, contact lens (CL) wearing, chronic drinking and chronic smoking with wound healing cytokine levels and corneal recovery after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Materials and methods: One hundred and twenty-eight age-matched patients (180 eyes) undergoing PRK were enrolled. PDGF, EGF, VEGF, HGF and TGF-β(1) ...
Kukkonen J - - 2012
This registry study was set up to evaluate the effect of smoking on the pre-operative status, intraoperative findings, and post-operative status after rotator cuff reconstruction. Five hundred seventy-six consecutive shoulders with primarily arthroscopically repaired penetrating rotator cuff tear were followed up. Tobacco consumption was recorded as pack-years. Age-adjusted Constant score ...
Hsueh Shu-Chun - - 2012
`Varenicline use has been shown to produce greater long-term smoking cessation rates than bupropion but has no clear differences compared to the transdermal nicotine patch. We performed this study to compare the effectiveness of varenicline with the nicotine patch at 3 and 6 months of follow-up of patients in an ...
Neyton Lionel - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the repair site integrity after transosseous equivalent/suture-bridge (TOE/SB) repair with the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: One hundred seven consecutive shoulders with a small to medium-size full-thickness supraspinatus tear were repaired arthroscopically with use of the TOE/SB technique. There ...
Aliosmanoglu Ibrahim - - 2012
Background: The aim of this study was to discuss the possibility of mean platelet volume (MPV) being a new risk factor in the etiology of portal venous thrombosis (PVT). Methods: Study participants were categorized into 2 different groups: group I, control group (n = 35) and group II, PVT group ...
Stinn Walter - - 2012
Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, yet there is little mechanistic information available in the literature. To improve this, laboratory models for cigarette mainstream smoke (MS) inhalation-induced chronic disease development are needed. The current study investigated the effects of exposing male A/J ...
Scott Ryan T - - 2012
The use of cellular allograft containing mesenchymal stem cells is gaining popularity as an augmentation to foot and ankle arthrodesis. Those with underlying comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, Charcot osteoarthropathy, smoking, suppressive medication, increased body mass index) are more likely to require surgical revision procedures and typically have a greater rate of ...
Kelly Michael E - - 2012
Abstract Background: In recent years, day-case laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) has became popular. Our study aims to evaluate the effect of patient factors and severity of gastroesophageal reflux disease measured by DeMeester score on the success of day-case LNF. Subjects and Methods: We conducted a retrospective case series review of ...
Coelho Daniel H - - 2012
We compared the outcomes of cartilage tympanoplasty in nonsmokers and smokers. We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent cartilage tympanoplasty in a tertiary academic medical center from 1991 to 2010. There were 129 operations in 118 patients; 84 operations were performed in nonsmokers and 45 operations were ...
Heydari G - - 2012
Nicotine replacement therapy can double the chance of success for smokers attempting to quit. This observational study aimed to compare quit rates of different formulations of nicotine replacement among clients referred to a smoking cessation clinic in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. Clients entering the study (n = 308) participated ...
Santanelli Fabio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: High incidence of epidermolysis and full thickness necrosis of Wise-pattern skin-sparing mastectomy (WPM) skin flaps to almost 30 % represent the Achilles' heel of this procedure. Our purpose was to investigate potential predictors of skin flap ischemic complications (SFIC) in WPM. METHODS: A total of 75 immediate prosthetic reconstructions following ...
Chandrashekar A R AR Department of Vascular Surgery, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College and Hospitals, MSR Nagar, MSRIT Post, Bengaluru-560054 Karnataka, - - 2013
We present our preliminary results of remote endarterectomy performed during June 2003 to June 2010. 8 cases of unilateral ileofemoral disease, 3 cases of bilateral ileofemoral disease and 4 cases of femoro-popliteal disease constituting 18 limbs were successfully operated. All patients had comorbid conditions like Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiac disease ...
Shi Yu - - 2012
Objective: Brief preoperative abstinence from cigarette smoking reduces risk for perioperative complications in surgical patients. This study tested the hypothesis that the efficacy of brief advice recommending abstinence the morning of surgery would be increased if patients were informed that exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) levels would be monitored to assess ...
Lee Li-Wan LW Department of Dentistry, Taipei City Hospital, Renai Branch, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bisphosphonates (BPs) are used to treat osteoporosis and bone metastases from malignancy. They may result in BPs-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) in a subset of patients receiving BPs. This study examined whether conservative or aggressive surgical approach could result in successful treatment of BRONJ lesions and assessed whether concomitant ...
Steinmiller Caren L - - 2012
To compare 24-hour postsurgical patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in smokers and nonsmokers. Patients completed a presurgical questionnaire inquiring about sleep, nicotine and other substance use, and comorbid disorders. Nicotine use was discontinued on hospital admission on the day of surgery. After morning surgery and (spinal) anesthesia recovery, each patient began opioid ...
Rosado João P - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to perform a stereological and biochemical analysis of the foreskin of smoker subjects. Materials and Methods: Foreskin samples were obtained from 20 young adults (mean = 27.2 years old) submitted to circumcision. Of the patients analyzed, one group (n = 10) had ...
Shi J - - 2012
To investigate the long-term outcome of discectomy and relevant factors associated with clinical outcome. Patients who underwent lumbar discectomy by fenestration were evaluated retrospectively, using the Oswestry disability index (ODI; 0 - 20 minimal, 21 - 40 moderate, > 41 severe disability) and the Stauffer-Coventry criteria ('excellent', 'good', 'fair', 'poor') ...
Hashemi Jazi Mohammad - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common complication of cardiac surgery. Although it is managed easily, it can cause critical hemodynamic instabilities for intensive care patients. This observational study investigated the predictive power of P-wave dispersion (PWD) for the incidence of post cardiac surgery AF. Among patients undergoing isolated coronary ...
Bakhtiari Sedigheh S Associate Professor of Oral Medicine Department, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2012
This study was designed to elucidate the effect of ascorbic acid on salivary total antioxidant capacity in smokers. In this single blind crossover clinical trial, the whole unstimulated saliva of 30 smokers, who were randomly divided into two groups, was collected. In the first phase after the saliva collection, one ...
Scirè Carlo A - - 2011
To test the predictive ability of remission in terms of long-term disability in patients with recent-onset inflammatory polyarthritis (IP). Consecutive patients with early IP, recruited between 1990 and 1994 (first cohort) and 2000 and 2004 (second cohort), were included in this study. Remission was defined as the absence of clinically ...
Neovius M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: /st> To investigate sick leave and disability pension in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to the initiation of biological and non-biological antirheumatic therapies in clinical practice. METHODS: /st> Patients aged 19-60 years initiating non-biological mono (n=2796) or combination disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) therapy (n=973), or biological agents (n=4787) were ...
Gripeteg L L Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2012
Prospective controlled data on the long-term effects of bariatric surgery on disability pension are not available. This study prospectively compare disability pension in surgically and conventionally treated obese men and women. The Swedish obese subjects study started in 1987 and involved 2010 obese patients who had bariatric surgery and 2037 ...
Rabbanikhah Zahra - - 2011
To investigate the association between corneal hydrops in patients with keratoconus (KCN) and mitral valve prolapse (MVP). This case-control study included patients with KCN with corneal hydrops who were referred to Labbafinejad Medical Center or a private clinic between March 2006 and March 2008, as the case group. The control ...
Chmielak Zbigniew - - 2010
To determine immediate and long-term clinical outcome, as well prognostic factors in patients who underwent repeat percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty (PMBV). Repeat PMBV may be a method of treatment for symptomatic patients with restenosis after successful initial PMBV, but data regarding its long term safety and efficacy are scarce. The ...
Gupta Anubhav - - 2010
The length and mobility of the anterior mitral leaflet (AML) are considered important for mitral valve reparability. In this study, we looked at AML length as a predictor of mitral valve reparability in a rheumatic population. Between May and November 2008, 44 patients underwent mitral valve repair for pure mitral ...
Vohra Hunaid A - - 2011
The Carpentier-Edwards (CE) Physio II ring is a new prosthetic ring designed to accommodate the changing pathology seen in the spectrum of degenerative valve disease, particularly the larger anterior leaflet in repair of the Barlow valve. The aim of our study was to assess the safety and efficacy of mitral ...
Samad Zainab - - 2011
Optimal timing of surgery in degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) remains a controversial topic. The impact of current ACC/AHA guideline recommendations about optimal timing of surgery on outcomes is untested and contemporary data are lacking. To assess the association between the timing of surgery and long-term survival in patients with severe ...
Iribarne Alexander - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, minimally invasive (MI) mitral valve surgery has grown in popularity. The purpose of this study was to compare both short- and long-term outcomes of mitral valve repair and replacement performed through a MI versus traditional sternotomy (ST) incision using a propensity analysis approach to account ...
Ben Ameur Youssef - - 2010
Background: Rheumatic tricuspid valve dysfunction is the rarest of all valvular disease and is often associated or secondary to left-sided valvular disease. She often realize tricuspid regurgitation. The surgical treatment is generally conservative but also it can be radical generally using bioprothèses. Aim : to assess the epidemiology of the ...
Delmo Walter Eva Maria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve (MV) reconstruction is the technique of choice for MV disease in infants and children. We evaluated whether our technique of posterior annulus stabilization with untreated autologous pericardial strip allows growth of anterior MV leaflet and its annulus. METHODS: Seventeen children (mean age, 9.43 ± 6.03 years; range, ...
Kitamura Tadashi - - 2010
This study analyzes the initial experience with minimally invasive mitral valve surgery through a right minithoracotomy in a public teaching hospital in Australia and evaluates early surgical outcomes. A retrospective review of patients who underwent minimally invasive mitral valve surgery between November 2006 and March 2009 was performed. A total ...
Song Bong Gun - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate preoperative clinical and echocardiographic characteristics and N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels as prognostic factors for regression of the left ventricular (LV) mass after valvular surgery in patients with chronic severe mitral regurgitation (MR). One hundred seventeen patients undergoing surgery for ...
Speziale Giuseppe - - 2011
The results of mitral repair for complex Barlow valves are adequate and support earlier intervention. It is unknown whether these results are reproducible in the context of minimally invasive surgery via right minithoracotomy. We randomized patients with Barlow mitral disease (bileaflet prolapse) to have conventional open repair via median sternotomy ...
Zhou Y X - - 2010
We studied whether mitral valvuloplasty (MVP) was superior to mitral valve replacement (MVR) in patients with degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR), and analyzed the independent risk factors for survival and reoperation. 326 patients with degenerative MR underwent MVP (n = 241), mitral valve replacement (MVR) (n = 78) or emergent MVR due to failure of ...
Myers Patrick O - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Acceptable coaptation cannot always be obtained using standard repair techniques. We assessed the safety and mid-term results using a novel technique to address leaflet retraction or tethering in children with type III mitral or tricuspid regurgitation as an addition to standard valve repair techniques. METHODS: Forty children were included, ...
Chikwe Joanna - - 2011
Aims Feasibility and efficacy of mitral repair in the elderly remain controversial. This study aims to compare outcomes of mitral repair and replacement in octogenarians. Methods and results We compared the outcomes of 322 consecutive octogenarian patients (mean age 82.6 ± 2.2 years) who underwent mitral repair (n = 227, ...
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