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Tian Nai F - - 2013
Many clinical studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of electrical stimulation as an adjunct to spinal arthrodesis. However, there is a paucity of comparative data among different electrical stimulation techniques. To compare the efficacy of three electrical stimulation methods for spinal fusion based on the literature review. Twenty-one articles, meeting all ...
Gross Bradley A - - 2013
Vasospasm is the leading source of neurological morbidity after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Our objective is to evaluate the impact of treatment modality on vasospasm, delayed cerebral infarction and clinical deterioration due to delayed cerebral ischemia (CD-DCI). The authors reviewed an institutional cohort comparing rates of vasospasm, delayed cerebral infarction, ...
Verim Aysegül - - 2013
ObjectivesTo investigate the causes of columellar scar formation in a Turkish population in relation to nasal skin thickness, texture, and type and discuss possible solutions for better results.Study DesignProspective, clinical study.SettingOtorhinolaryngology department of a tertiary hospital.MethodsThe preoperative dermal thickness of 50 consecutive patients undergoing "external approach" septorhinoplasty was measured (using ...
Lee Susan M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Cigarette smoking by surgical patients is associated with increased complications, particularly perioperative respiratory problems and poor wound healing. In this study, we sought to determine whether a pragmatic perioperative smoking cessation intervention designed for a busy preadmission clinic would be successful in reducing smoking rates and intraoperative and immediate postoperative ...
Türkcü Fatih Mehmet - - 2013
Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences, in terms of visual outcome and treatment needs, between smokers and non-smokers central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) patients. Methods: The files of 252 patients diagnosed with CSCR who had presented to the Retina Unit of the Ophthalmology Clinic at ...
Mathur R K M Rajkumar - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: ● Complex urethral strictures are difficult to manage and ideally treated by substitution urethroplasty but the best substitute material is yet to be determined. ● Preputial skin flap in expert and experienced hands is an excellent substitute with results ...
Theodosiou M G - - 2013
Purpose: To assess the progression of precancerous laryngeal lesions to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), defined by specific histopathological criteria, in patients with longterm follow-up. Methods: Patients with laryngeal dysplasia, followed/ treated between 1985 and 2008, were retrospectively evaluated and classified according to the World Health Organization classification system (WHO). The ...
Nohlert Eva - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Achieving lifelong tobacco abstinence is an important public health goal. Most studies use 1-year follow-ups, but little is known about how good these are as proxies for long-term and life-long abstinence. Also, intervention intensity is an important issue for development of efficient and cost-effective cessation treatment protocols.The study aims ...
Chiotoroiu Sm - - 2013
Background:Diagnosing glaucoma by clinical and paraclinical selection, monitoring the patients who present glaucoma, smoke and consume high quantities of alcohol. We wish to demonstrate the influence of smoking and alcohol consumption on the progression of glaucoma. The paper represents a clinical prospective observational and interventional study within a period of ...
Gupta Diyva D Department of Anesthesia, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Ram Nagar, Dehradun, - - 2013
Post-Operative Sore Throat (POST) is an undesirable side effect ofendotracheal intubation. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures have been utilized for minimizing the morbidity caused by POST. We have tested whether medicated lozenges of Licorice provides efficacy in decreasing POST in smokers presenting for surgery under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. 100 ...
Kaval Başak - - 2013
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate possible effects of smoking on; 1) biochemical content in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples from sites of gingival recession and saliva, 2) clinical outcomes of coronally advanced flap for root coverage. Methods: Eighteen defects in 15 patients were included in each of the ...
Wakefield Melanie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess change in cigarette pack retrieval time in small retail outlets following the introduction of plain packaging in Australia in 1 December 2012. METHODS: A sample of 303 milk bars, convenience stores, petrol stations and newsagents was selected in four capital cities, stratified by area socioeconomic ...
Czarnywojtek Agata - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Radioiodine therapy (RIT) is frequently used as the definitive treatment in patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism when remission is not achieved with anti-thyroid drugs (ATDs). In this observational study, we intended to examine whether the use of high doses of radioiodine (RAI) [22 mCi (814 MBq)] with prophylaxis of oral ...
Kim Hyun Ji - - 2013
BACKGROUNDAIMS: Various pulmonary diseases may be associated with bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF). Our aim was to identify a relationship between BAF and endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB). In total, 156 patients, diagnosed with EBTB using bronchoscopy, between June 1999 and May 2008, were included. Clinical and bronchoscopic findings between patients with BAF (n ...
Pezzuto Aldo - - 2013
Aim: Tobacco smoke contains many chemicals that are harmful and cause carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to confirm the relationship between smoking and changes in respiratory functional and laboratory parameters comparing, in particular, smoking-cessation treatment's outcomes between smokers who reduce tobacco consumption (reducers) and smokers who quit completely ...
Jussen Daniel - - 2013
Background: Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) is the treatment of choice for prevention of vascular events in symptomatic steno-occlusive cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Cerebral revascularization using standard extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery may be used to revert hemodynamic compromise. Aspirin is prescribed as standard medication in order to avoid bypass failure. Accumulating evidence ...
Chambrone Leandro L Division of Periodontics, Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. - - 2013
To conduct an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis to assess the effect of smoking cessation (SC) on clinical outcomes following the non-surgical periodontal treatment in patients with chronic periodontitis. MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL were searched up to, and including, August 2012. Prospective cohort studies of at least 6 months' duration ...
Dezee Kent J - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Quit rates for smoking cessation attempts are maximized by using counseling with medication. Internet-based counseling might be a suitable replacement for in-person counseling. METHODS: Patients in a military medical system in the active phase of quitting presented for study intake. They were randomized to in-person counseling (n = 44) ...
Fosbol Emil L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A major advantage of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) relative to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is its durability, yet there is a paucity of information on rates and predictors of repeat coronary revascularization following CABG in the modern era. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included STS National Adult Cardiac ...
Kwon Sae Min - - 2013
The introduction and development of the embolic protecting device (EPD) has resulted in a decreased rate of stroke after carotid artery stenting (CAS). The authors performed a retrospective study to investigate the risk factors for developing large emboli after CAS which can lead to ischemic events. A total of 35 ...
Saxena Akshat - - 2013
Currently, insufficient data exist relating to the impact of smoking status on outcomes after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) surgery. Data obtained prospectively between June 2001 and December 2009 by the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (SCTS) Cardiac Surgery Database Program was analyzed retrospectively. Demographic ...
Barakat Hashem M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether resting pre-operative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) estimated by multiple gated acquisition scanning (MUGA) predicts long-term survival in patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. METHODS: A retrospective study of MUGA scans which were performed to estimate pre-operative resting LVEF in 127 patients [106 (83 %) ...
Khalil Mohamed A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with many intra and postoperative events, especially respiratory complications. Hypoxemia and airway damage are found to aggravate any pre-existing respiratory pathology among smokers. One lung ventilation (OLV) carries a 4-10 % risk of development of hypoxia. AIM: The purpose of this study was to predict the incidence ...
Kim Yu Yil - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are common complications after anesthesia and surgery. This study was designed to compare the effects of palonosetron and ondansetron in preventing PONV in high-risk patients receiving intravenous opioid-based patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after gynecological laparoscopic surgery. One hundred non-smoking female patients scheduled for gynecological laparoscopic surgery ...
Hacievliyagil S S - - 2013
Background: Cigarette smoke with its toxic ingredients leads to chronic inflammations in the airways. Objectives: In this study, the effect of cigarette smoke on the levels of inflammatory markers, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in induced sputum was investigated. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with chronic ...
Jankovic Sasha - - 2013
Risk factors such as smoking, genetic factors, and tissue biotype play an important role in the etiology, predictability, and long-term stability of gingival recession treatment. This study was designed to evaluate the influence of interleukin 1 (IL-1) polymorphism and smoking on the stability of gingival recession treatment after 1 and ...
Haji Mohd Yasin Nur A B - - 2013
The aim of this study is to review our endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) experience in Dunedin Public Hospital as well as assessing the applicability of Mount Sinai score and the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification (ASA) in finding which patients will be most likely to benefit from EVAR. ...
Chong Sy Giin - - 2013
A 38-year-old woman with a long-term history of smoking presented to the lung cancer clinic with weight loss and recurrent lower respiratory tract infections. A diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis was made by specimen samples taken from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.  She was advised to stop smoking, which she adhered to. ...
Lasser Karen E - - 2013
We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a patient navigation intervention. Forty-seven smokers from one safety-net hospital were randomized to either a control group, in which they received a smoking cessation brochure and a list of smoking cessation resources, or a navigation group, ...
Graham Amanda L - - 2013
Seasonal variations in smoking and quitting behaviors have been documented, with many smokers seeking cessation assistance around the start of the New Year. What remains unknown is whether smokers who are recruited to cessation treatment trials during the New Year are as motivated to quit, or as likely to enroll ...
Akpinar Aysun - - 2012
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of non-surgical periodontal treatment on gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum oxidant-antioxidant levels in smoking and non-smoking patients with chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with chronic periodontitis (15 smokers (CP-S) and 14 non-smokers (CP-NS)) and 20 periodontally healthy subjects ...
Miwa Shinji - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The recurrence of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a major problem in the treatment of LDH. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for recurrent LDH. METHODS:: Between April, 2005 and March, 2008, 298 patients with LDH, who underwent surgical treatment, were enrolled in this ...
Roszkowska Anna M - - 2012
ABSTRACT Purpose: To study the correlation of gender, contact lens (CL) wearing, chronic drinking and chronic smoking with wound healing cytokine levels and corneal recovery after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Materials and methods: One hundred and twenty-eight age-matched patients (180 eyes) undergoing PRK were enrolled. PDGF, EGF, VEGF, HGF and TGF-β(1) ...
Kukkonen J - - 2012
This registry study was set up to evaluate the effect of smoking on the pre-operative status, intraoperative findings, and post-operative status after rotator cuff reconstruction. Five hundred seventy-six consecutive shoulders with primarily arthroscopically repaired penetrating rotator cuff tear were followed up. Tobacco consumption was recorded as pack-years. Age-adjusted Constant score ...
Hsueh Shu-Chun - - 2012
`Varenicline use has been shown to produce greater long-term smoking cessation rates than bupropion but has no clear differences compared to the transdermal nicotine patch. We performed this study to compare the effectiveness of varenicline with the nicotine patch at 3 and 6 months of follow-up of patients in an ...
Neyton Lionel - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the repair site integrity after transosseous equivalent/suture-bridge (TOE/SB) repair with the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: One hundred seven consecutive shoulders with a small to medium-size full-thickness supraspinatus tear were repaired arthroscopically with use of the TOE/SB technique. There ...
Aliosmanoglu Ibrahim - - 2012
Background: The aim of this study was to discuss the possibility of mean platelet volume (MPV) being a new risk factor in the etiology of portal venous thrombosis (PVT). Methods: Study participants were categorized into 2 different groups: group I, control group (n = 35) and group II, PVT group ...
Stinn Walter - - 2012
Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, yet there is little mechanistic information available in the literature. To improve this, laboratory models for cigarette mainstream smoke (MS) inhalation-induced chronic disease development are needed. The current study investigated the effects of exposing male A/J ...
Scott Ryan T - - 2012
The use of cellular allograft containing mesenchymal stem cells is gaining popularity as an augmentation to foot and ankle arthrodesis. Those with underlying comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, Charcot osteoarthropathy, smoking, suppressive medication, increased body mass index) are more likely to require surgical revision procedures and typically have a greater rate of ...
Kelly Michael E - - 2012
Abstract Background: In recent years, day-case laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) has became popular. Our study aims to evaluate the effect of patient factors and severity of gastroesophageal reflux disease measured by DeMeester score on the success of day-case LNF. Subjects and Methods: We conducted a retrospective case series review of ...
Coelho Daniel H - - 2012
We compared the outcomes of cartilage tympanoplasty in nonsmokers and smokers. We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent cartilage tympanoplasty in a tertiary academic medical center from 1991 to 2010. There were 129 operations in 118 patients; 84 operations were performed in nonsmokers and 45 operations were ...
Heydari G - - 2012
Nicotine replacement therapy can double the chance of success for smokers attempting to quit. This observational study aimed to compare quit rates of different formulations of nicotine replacement among clients referred to a smoking cessation clinic in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. Clients entering the study (n = 308) participated ...
Santanelli Fabio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: High incidence of epidermolysis and full thickness necrosis of Wise-pattern skin-sparing mastectomy (WPM) skin flaps to almost 30 % represent the Achilles' heel of this procedure. Our purpose was to investigate potential predictors of skin flap ischemic complications (SFIC) in WPM. METHODS: A total of 75 immediate prosthetic reconstructions following ...
Chandrashekar A R AR Department of Vascular Surgery, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College and Hospitals, MSR Nagar, MSRIT Post, Bengaluru-560054 Karnataka, - - 2013
We present our preliminary results of remote endarterectomy performed during June 2003 to June 2010. 8 cases of unilateral ileofemoral disease, 3 cases of bilateral ileofemoral disease and 4 cases of femoro-popliteal disease constituting 18 limbs were successfully operated. All patients had comorbid conditions like Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiac disease ...
Shi Yu - - 2012
Objective: Brief preoperative abstinence from cigarette smoking reduces risk for perioperative complications in surgical patients. This study tested the hypothesis that the efficacy of brief advice recommending abstinence the morning of surgery would be increased if patients were informed that exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) levels would be monitored to assess ...
Lee Li-Wan LW Department of Dentistry, Taipei City Hospital, Renai Branch, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bisphosphonates (BPs) are used to treat osteoporosis and bone metastases from malignancy. They may result in BPs-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) in a subset of patients receiving BPs. This study examined whether conservative or aggressive surgical approach could result in successful treatment of BRONJ lesions and assessed whether concomitant ...
Steinmiller Caren L - - 2012
To compare 24-hour postsurgical patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in smokers and nonsmokers. Patients completed a presurgical questionnaire inquiring about sleep, nicotine and other substance use, and comorbid disorders. Nicotine use was discontinued on hospital admission on the day of surgery. After morning surgery and (spinal) anesthesia recovery, each patient began opioid ...
Rosado João P - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to perform a stereological and biochemical analysis of the foreskin of smoker subjects. Materials and Methods: Foreskin samples were obtained from 20 young adults (mean = 27.2 years old) submitted to circumcision. Of the patients analyzed, one group (n = 10) had ...
Shi J - - 2012
To investigate the long-term outcome of discectomy and relevant factors associated with clinical outcome. Patients who underwent lumbar discectomy by fenestration were evaluated retrospectively, using the Oswestry disability index (ODI; 0 - 20 minimal, 21 - 40 moderate, > 41 severe disability) and the Stauffer-Coventry criteria ('excellent', 'good', 'fair', 'poor') ...
Hashemi Jazi Mohammad - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common complication of cardiac surgery. Although it is managed easily, it can cause critical hemodynamic instabilities for intensive care patients. This observational study investigated the predictive power of P-wave dispersion (PWD) for the incidence of post cardiac surgery AF. Among patients undergoing isolated coronary ...
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