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Lozano Jaime J Sección de Alergia e Inmunologia Clínica, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of specific immunotherapy (SIT) management with allergoids in children with allergic asthma by monitoring changes in clinical parameters and inflammatory markers in exhaled breath. Methods: The study population included 43 patients (24 males) of 6-14 years of age, who ...
Wetsch Wolfgang A WA aDepartment of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne bInstitute of Medical Statistics, Informatics and Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
The success of tracheal intubation (TI) is unacceptably low in unconventional positions. Supraglottic airway devices (SAD) have become an important alternative. An airway manikin was placed in a car, simulating an entrapped motor vehicle accident victim. The rescuer only had access through the driver's door. Participants were (n=25) anaesthesiologists with ...
Zhang Huatang H Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, P. R. China. - - 2014
A new fluorescent probe installed with dual-reactive and dual-quenching groups was rationally designed for highly selective and sensitive sensing of biothiols. The sensitivity of the probe toward thiols was significantly improved by dual-quenching effects. Furthermore the selectivity of the probe was also greatly enhanced by installation of dual-reactive groups.
Shamji Mohamed H MH Allergy and Clinical Immunology Section, Department of Leukocyte Biology, Division of National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, and MRC & Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, London; Immunomodulation and Tolerance Group, Allergy and Clinical Immunology Section, Department of Leukocyte Biology, Imperial College - - 2014
Immunotherapy inhibits basophil histamine release, but the assay is cumbersome, and no one has studied the effects of immunotherapy withdrawal. Intracellular fluorochrome-labeled diamine oxidase (DAO) was used as a novel functional readout of basophil histamine release after immunotherapy. Results were compared with conventional basophil surface expression of activation markers. Subcutaneous ...
Pallin Michael M Department of Allergy, Immunology and Respiratory Medicine, Alfred Hospital and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The effect of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in acute severe asthma is unclear and there are concerns regarding its safety. We undertook a 5-year case-control review of mortality and morbidity associated with NIV use in acute severe asthma and compared this with asthma requiring invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and a control ...
Braunstahl Gert-Jan GJ Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Sint Franciscus Gasthuis, Kleiweg 500, Rotterdam, 3045, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Inadequately controlled asthma is associated with increased healthcare resource utilization. The eXpeRience registry was initiated to evaluate real-world outcomes in patients receiving omalizumab for uncontrolled persistent allergic asthma. The current analysis of data from the eXpeRience registry focuses on healthcare resource utilization and on absences from work or school. The ...
Gourin Christine G CG Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
To examine associations between pretreatment variables, short-term and long-term swallowing and airway impairment, and survival in elderly patients treated for laryngeal squamous cell cancer (SCCA). Retrospective analysis of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare data. Longitudinal data from 2,370 patients diagnosed with laryngeal SCCA from 2004 to 2007 were evaluated using ...
Basaranoglu G G Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif University, Vatan cad, Fatih, 34093, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Airway changes, difficult ventilation, and intubation are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in pregnancy, but no prospective study has evaluated the relationship between airway changes and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) before and after cesarean section operations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between BNP ...
Veress Livia A LA Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado; Medical Toxicology Branch, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland - - 2014
Rationale: Sulfur mustard (SM) is a chemical weapon stockpiled today in volatile regions of the world. SM inhalation causes a life-threatening airway injury characterized by airway obstruction from fibrin casts, that can lead to respiratory failure and death. Mortality in those requiring intubation is >80%. No therapy exists to prevent ...
Martinez Del Pero Marcos M Department of Otolaryngology, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, - - 2014
Airway stenosis occurs in patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA or Wegener granulomatosis). It produces significant morbidity and contributes to mortality. To investigate the frequency and distribution of airway stenoses in GPA and evaluate the efficacy of local interventions in maintaining airway patency. A retrospective single-center study of 44 patients ...
Jalali Mir Mohammad MM Amiralmomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, 41396-38459, Iran, - - 2014
Cephalic resection of the lateral crura of the alar cartilages, lateral osteotomies, and removal of the nasal hump during rhinoplasty may cause collapse of the internal nasal valve angle. This study was performed to compare preventive effects of two techniques (spreader grafts and flaring sutures) on rhinoplasty by rhinomanometry. Two ...
Pant Deepanjali D Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
The i-gel size 1 is a relatively new, single use, second generation supraglottic airway device. This prospective, randomized, observational study compares the suitability of the i-gel size 1 with the classical Laryngeal Mask Airway (cLaryngeal Mask Airway) size 1 in pediatric patients undergoing elective daycare procedures. Forty ASA I and ...
Kim Taeyun T a Graduate student (PhD), Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, South - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the changes in retropalatal airway and velopharyngeal dimensions after posterior impaction (PI) only or PI and setback (PI/SB) of the maxilla in patients with skeletal Class III undergoing two-jaw surgery. Materials and Methods: Subjects consisted of 60 Class III patients treated with two-jaw surgery. They were ...
Alvis B D BD Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN/USA - - - 2014
The flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope (FOB) is viewed as the gold standard device for awake intubation in the difficult airway. The newer rigid flexible laryngoscope (RIFL) was developed for similar indications. In this study we compare these two devices for management of potentially difficult airways after induction of general anesthesia. Adult ...
Kim Min-Hye MH Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-799, Korea. ; Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul 110-799, Korea. ; Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul 158-710, - - 2014
Upper respiratory diseases have been linked with lower respiratory diseases. However, the long-term effect of sinusitis on the clinical outcomes of asthma has not been fully evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of sinusitis on the disease progression of asthma. Seventy-five asthmatic patients confirmed with ...
Shafi Ahmed Mohammed A MA Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi - - 2014
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the cardiac lab is usually performed in pediatric patients under general anesthesia with an endotracheal intubation (ET). This study was performed to investigate the safety and efficacy of using the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as an alternative to ET to maintain pediatric airway during the general ...
Ansar Juhi J a Senior lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Dental sciences, Bareilly, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare the dimensions of the nasopharynx and oropharynx of subjects with different growth patterns and to determine whether any correlation exists with their craniocervical posture. Materials and Methods: Cephalometric radiograph of 60 subjects (16-25 years old), taken in natural head position, were divided into three groups according to ...
El Mays Tamer Y - - 2014
The low toxicity of perfluorocarbons (PFCs), their high affinity for respiratory gases and their compatibility with lung surfactant have made them useful candidates for treating respiratory diseases such as adult respiratory distress syndrome. We report results for treating acute allergic and non-allergic bronchoconstriction in sheep using S-1226 (a gas mixture ...
Rothenberg Marc E ME Division of Allergy and Immunology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic allergic disease with limited treatment options. We evaluated QAX576, an mAb against IL-13, in the treatment of patients with EoE. Patients (18-50 years) with proton pump inhibitor-resistant esophageal eosinophilia received intravenous QAX576 (6 mg/kg) or placebo (2:1) at weeks 0, 4, and 8 and ...
Yeoh Tze Yeng TY Department of Anaesthesia, National University Hospital, National University Health System, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Main Building 1, Level 3, Singapore, 119074, Singapore, - - 2014
The I-gel is a supraglottic airway device which is commonly used in adult patients undergoing general anesthesia. In this study, we evaluated the speed of insertion, adequacy of ventilation, leak pressure, gastric tube insertion, and problems when using the I-gel in children. We included 70 patients aged between 1 and ...
Trinterud T T Department of Surgery, Dick White Referrals, Six Mile Bottom, Newmarket, CB8 - - 2014
To report the use of silicone tracheal stoma stents for temporary tracheostomy in dogs with upper airway obstruction. Retrospective review of medical records for dogs in which silicone tracheal stoma stents were placed. Eighteen dogs had a silicone tracheal stoma stent placed for maintenance of a tracheostomy stoma for periods ...
Oldenburg J J Institute for Experimental Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, University Clinic Bonn, Bonn, - - 2014
The development of alloantibody inhibitors against factor VIII (FVIII) represents the most significant complication of haemophilia care. Inhibitors tend to develop early in the course of treatment in about 20-30% of patients with severe haemophilia who receive on-demand or prophylactic FVIII therapy. Many factors are associated with inhibitor formation, including ...
Furubayashi Nobuki N Department of Urology, National Kyushu Cancer Center, Fukuoka 811-1395, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of ultra-sensitive prostate-specific antigen (PSA) following radical prostatectomy (RP). Between September, 2003 and March, 2009, a total of 311 prostate cancer patients underwent antegrade RP; following the exclusion of 111 patients due to prior hormonal therapy, 200 patients were finally included in this ...
Chen Ru R From the *Breast Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Center, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Shi-Jin-Shan District, Beijing, PR China; †Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, PR China; ‡Lu He Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China; §Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical College, Haikou, Hainan PR China; ∥Hainan Provincial People's Hospital, Haikou, Hainan PR China; ¶Hainan Provincial Nong Ken Hospital, Haikou, Hainan PR China; #Yunnan Provincial Cancer Hospital, the 3rd Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College, Kunming, Yunnan PR China; and **Service de Chirurgie Thoracique, Hôpital Europé en Georges Pompidou, Paris, - - 2014
This study was designed to introduce the key points about the transplantation of lower abdominal flap with vascularized lymph node and to evaluate the effect of breast restoration, breast reconstruction, and lymphatic transplantation to treat upper limb lymphedema after breast cancer surgery. The study was based on the retrospective study ...
Brunetto Daniel Paludo DP Postgraduate student, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies have shown some contradictory results when evaluating the consequences of orthodontic-surgical treatments on the pharyngeal airway. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to correlate the amount of jaw displacement with the volume variation and the minimal cross-sectional area of the pharyngeal airway. A comparison was made between ...
Hong Sung Jin SJ Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We sought to evaluate the clinical usefulness of decision making by a multidisciplinary heart team for identifying potential candidates for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. The multidisciplinary team consisted of two interventional cardiologists, two cardiovascular surgeons, one cardiac imaging specialist, and two cardiac ...
Swiebocka Ewa M EM University Children Hospital, Pediatrics, Gastroenterology and Allergology Department, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, - - 2014
There are many potential factors that can modulate bronchial reactivity, including exposure to allergens, viral infections, and medications. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of grass pollination intensity on the bronchial reactivity in seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) patients subjected to subcutaneous allergenic immunotherapy (SCIT). This study, ...
Ribeiro Marcos M From the Department of Medicine (Drs Ribeiro and Tarlo) and Dalla Lana School of Public Health (Drs Tarlo and Liss, Ms Czyrka, and Ms Vernich), University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Section of Respirology (Dr Ribeiro), Department of Medicine, Health Sciences Centre, State University of Londrina, Parana, Brazil; Department of Medicine, University Health Network (Dr Tarlo); Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (Ms Luce); and Ontario Ministry of Labour (Dr Liss), Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
To investigate proportions and outcomes of isocyanate and other causes of occupational asthma (OA) claims in Ontario, Canada, 2003 to 2007. New accepted workers' compensation claims for OA compensated by the Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board were retrospectively reviewed. There were 112 allowed claims for OA-30 (26.8%) from diisocyanates ...
Ahmed Abul-Fotouh AF Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, 11884, Egypt, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adding a low-dose oral desmopressin to tamsulosin therapy for treatment of nocturia in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Eligible patients with BPH and nocturia ≥2/night were randomly allocated to two treatment groups; the first of which received 3-month treatment scheme of daily ...
Huang Jian-Wen JW Department of Interventional Radiology, Cancer Center, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to clarify circulating tumor cells (CTCs) count could reflect the effect of postoperative transarterial chemoembolization therapy. A single-blind, two-parallel group, randomized trial was conducted in Guangdong General Hospital, Guangzhou, China, with patients: (1) with biopsy-confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and (2) undergoing partial resection. Patients ...
van der Heijden Aafke C AC Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The - - 2014
Mortality and ventricular arrhythmias are reduced in patients responding to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). This response is accompanied by improvement in LVEF, and some patients even outgrow original eligibility criteria for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. It is however unclear if these patients still benefit from ICD treatment. The current study ...
Wang Z Z Department of Hematology, The General Hospital of Air Force PLA, Beijing, - - 2014
Haploidentical hematopoietic SCT (haplo-HSCT) is to be established in patients with acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA) refractory to immunosuppressive therapy and lacking HLA-matched related or unrelated donors. Graft failure (GF) and GVHD have been major obstacles to HSCT. A total of 17 children and adolescents with SAA underwent haplo-HSCT in ...
Tomikawa Silvia - - 2014
BackgroundBronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a rare but severe disease in children. Currently, there is no consensus on the treatment for BO with respect to the systemic use of corticosteroids. Here we report on the follow-up of children with a diagnosis of BO who were treated with corticosteroid pulse therapy.MethodsForty patients ...
El-Darouti Mohammad A MA Dermatology - - 2014
Background: The use of live attenuated varicella vaccine (Varilrix(®)) as an adjuvant treatment in severe cases of psoriasis has recently been postulated. Its efficacy raised questions regarding its possible mechanisms of action. Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of combining Varilrix(®) and cyclosporine to cyclosporine alone in the treatment ...
Pauser Johannes J Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Klinikum Nürnberg - A Teaching Affiliate of Friedrich-Alexander, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Nuremberg, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of incisional negative pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) in wound healing after femoral neck fracture (FNF) treated with hip hemiarthroplasty (HA) and its influence on postoperative seromas, wound secretion, as well as time and material consumption for dressing changes. The study ...
Fakheri Hafez H Hafez Fakheri, Inflammatory Diseases of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 4816633131 Sari, - - 2014
The efficacy of first- and second-line Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication regimens varies considerably in West Asian countries, mainly due to the variable prevalence of resistant organisms. However, no review article has yet evaluated and compared the efficacy of different regimens among different countries of this region. Therefore, we conducted ...
Bulut Suleyman S Urology Clinic a, Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Introduction: The effects of medical therapy or surgery on bladder and prostatic resistive indices (RIs) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) were evaluated in the present study. Patients and Methods: A total of 124 consecutive LUTS/BPH patients who were candidates for medical therapy ...
Cecen Kursat K Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Kafkas University, Kars, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and outcomes of PlasmaKinetic™ urethrotomy against cold knife direct vision internal urethrotomy in terms of recurrence rates. Patients and Methods: A total of 136 male patients with urethral strictures were enrolled into the study. The patients were allocated to cold knife or PlasmaKinetic urethrotomy groups ...
Sinha Aditi A Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Rituximab has emerged as an important medication for patients with steroid-dependent or steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. We report the efficacy and safety of therapy with intravenous rituximab, administered once weekly for 2-4 doses, in 193 patients (mean age 10.9, range 2.2-18.7 years) with difficult-to-treat steroid dependence (n = 101), calcineurin inhibitor ...
Zou L L Department of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, No. 305 East Zhongshan Road, Nanjing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Objectives:To explore early (within 72 h) vs delayed enteral nutrition (EN) therapy for patients with acute pancreatitis (AP).Subjects/methods:A total of 93 patients were allocated to two groups: early enteral nutrition (EEN) group (started within 72 h after onset) and delayed enteral nutrition (DEN) group (started beyond 72 h but within 7 days after ...
Bloomgarden Eve E Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 645 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 530, Chicago, IL, 60611, - - 2014
Prolactinomas account for approximately 40 % of all pituitary adenomas. Over 95 % of prolactinomas are microadenomas (< 10 mm diameter). Treatment is indicated to correct hypogonadism, restore other hormonal deficits, and alleviate local mass effects. Dopamine agonists (DA) are highly effective in achieving these goals and are well-tolerated. The vast majority of ...
Tatarelli P P Division of Infectious Diseases, San Martino University Hospital, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy, - - 2014
Concomitant systemic and intracatheter antibiotic therapy is a therapeutic option for catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in patient fitted with long-term intravenous central catheters. CRBSI are mainly caused by Gram-positive bacteria. Daptomycin (DPT) is an antibiotic active against Gram-positive bacteria with high bactericidal activity and good biofilm penetration. To study the ...
Cho Kyu-Sup KS Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Republic of - - 2014
This study aimed to assess sinonasal outcomes in patients with aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) undergoing aspirin desensitization following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Case series with chart review. University hospital. A retrospective review of sinonasal outcomes was conducted for 30 AERD patients undergoing aspirin desensitization and maintenance therapy following ESS. ...
Fang Lin - - 2014
Abstract Background Symmetric melasma-like hyperpigmentation (MLH) has been identified in several patients following IPL treatments. These patients exhibited no typical signs of melasma prior to IPL therapy. Objectives: To investigate the incidence of MLH in Chinese patients receiving IPL treatment and to discuss potential causative factors for this condition and ...
Loff Steffan S Department of Pediatric Surgery, Olgahospital Klinikum Stuttgart, Stuttgart, - - 2014
Purpose Pectus carinatum is a thoracic deformity, which causes severe psychological problems for affected patients but almost no physical limitations. Invasive procedures are difficult to justify for this reason. We present a conservative therapy which leads to complete resolution in most cases when performed properly. Methods Between January 2008 and December 2012, ...
Neittaanmäki-Perttu N N Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland; Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Päijät-Häme Social and Health Care Group, Lahti, - - 2014
Daylight-mediated photodynamic therapy (DL-PDT) using methyl-5-aminolaevulinate (MAL) is effective for thin, grade I, actinic keratoses (AK). There are no published studies of other photosensitizers used in DL-PDT. To compare the efficacy and adverse effects of 5-aminolaevulinic acid nanoemulsion (BF-200 ALA) with MAL in NDL-PDT of grade I-III AKs. 177 AKs ...
Fujimoto Akihisa A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sanraku Hospital, 2-5, Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan, 101-8326, - - 2014
To elucidate the problems in infertility treatment for women after conservative therapy for endometrial cancer (EC) or atypical complex endometrial hyperplasia (ACEH). The clinical outcomes of 21 patients who underwent assisted reproductive technology after conservative therapy (group A) and 42 control women (group B) were retrospectively analyzed. There was no ...
Khan Abdur Rahman AR Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, - - 2014
-The optimal management of atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) to examine the safety and efficacy of catheter ablation (CA) as compared to anti-arrhythmic drug therapy (ADT) both as first or second line therapy for the maintenance of sinus rhythm in AF. ...
Cetin Mecnun M Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Van İpekyolu State Hospital, Van, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our aim was comparison of preoperative and postoperative right ventricular functions of children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) who have findings of upper airway obstruction, using new echocardiographic parameters. Forty-one children who have admitted to our hospital with symptoms suggestive of upper airway obstruction, whose history and physical examination findings suggest ...
Spinelli Claudio C Department of Surgical, Medical, Molecular pathology and Critical Area, Chair of Pediatric Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of gonadotropin releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) therapy on normalized testicular atrophy index (TAIn) using gonadorelin before and after orchiopexy. 62 infants with 87 undescended testes (UDT) were prospectively assigned to two homogeneous groups according to age, position of UDT and ...
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