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Results 401 - 450 of 4649
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Sun Zhiping - - 2014
Whether continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVHF) is superior to extended daily hemofiltration (EDHF) for the treatment of septic AKI is unknown. We compared the effect of CVVHF (greater than 72 hours) with EDHF (8 to 12 hours daily) on renal recovery and mortality in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock ...
Daniel William T WT Clinical Research Unit, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients undergoing robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) on clopidogrel had an increased risk of bleeding complications compared with those not on clopidogrel. From 2008 to 2011, 322 patients underwent robotic-assisted CABG either as an isolated procedure or as part ...
Cayir A A Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Regional Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of supplementary vitamin D therapy in addition to amitriptyline on the frequency of migraine attacks in pediatric migraine patients. Fifty-three children 8-16 years of age and diagnosed with migraine following the International Headache Society 2005 definition, which includes childhood criteria, ...
Onyekwere Charles Asabamaka CA Charles Asabamaka Onyekwere, Joan Nwabuaku Odiagah, Rufina Igetei, Amancia Olufunmilayo Duro Emanuel, Francis Ekere, Gastroenterology unit, Department of Medicine, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos 999062, - - 2014
To investigate the efficacy of a standard triple therapy (comprising rabeprazole, clarithromycin, and amoxicillin) for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication, noting factors that influence the outcome and documenting any adverse events. Following institutional ethical approval, fifty consecutive and consenting symptomatic patients with evidence of H. pylori infection by either a ...
Man Shumei S Cerebrovascular Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Intraarterial (IA) mechanical thrombectomy has an excellent recanalization rate but does not always correlate with good clinical outcomes. We aimed to investigate whether hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS) on preintervention nonenhanced CT (NECT) predicts IA therapy outcome for acute stroke. Data were abstracted from our Hyperacute Ischemic Stroke database. ...
Ko Young-Guk YG Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University Health - - 2014
Aim: The study aim is to investigate synergistic effects of cilostazol and probucol combination therapy on coronary plaque volume and composition. Methods: A total of 119 patients undergoing coronary stenting were treated with probucol and cilostazol combination therapy (group Ⅰ) or with cilostazol monotherapy (group Ⅱ) in a double-blind, randomized ...
Lee Dong-Yeop DY Department of Physical Therapy, SunMoon University, Asan, - - 2014
One of the major symptoms when women are wearing high heels for a long time is leg swelling. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of manual lymph drainage with ultrasound therapy. The forty-five healthy women of twenties were participated in this study and divided randomly into ...
Diamant Michaela M Diabetes Centre, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
When patients with type 2 diabetes start their first injectable therapy, clinicians can choose between glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and basal insulins. In DURATION-3, exenatide once weekly was compared with insulin glargine (henceforth, glargine) as first injectable therapy. Here, we report the results of the final 3-year follow-up. DURATION-3 ...
van Loggerenberg Francois F CAPRISA, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa, - - 2014
Concerns that standard didactic adherence counselling may be inadequate to maximise antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence led us to evaluate more intensive individualised motivational adherence counselling. We randomised 297 HIV-positive ART-naïve patients in Durban, South Africa, to receive either didactic counselling, prior to ART initiation (n = 150), or an intensive motivational adherence ...
Yamada Naoki N Shimizu Hospital, 129, Miyagawa-Cho, Kurayoshi-City, Tottori, 682-0881, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the safety, feasibility and efficacy of continuous theta-burst stimulation (cTBS) combined with intensive occupational therapy (OT) for upper limb hemiparesis after stroke. Ten patients with history of stroke and upper limb hemiparesis (age 62.0 ± 11.1 years, time since stroke 95.7 ± 70.2 months, mean ± SD) were studied. Each ...
Rubin D T DT Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Treatments for Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are not uniformly effective, thus necessitating dose changes, switching, and augmentation and carry adverse event risk, often requiring discontinuation, which reduces treatment benefits. To assess continuity of and changes to initial CD and UC treatments, as well as costs associated with ...
Shi Tian-Wei TW Department of Dermatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China; Department of Dermatology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
Hyperkeratotic-type tinea pedis is chronic and recalcitrant to topical antifungal agents. Some topical antifungal agents are effective; however, long duration of therapy is required, which often reduce the treatment compliance of patients. To seek for short period therapy of hyperkeratotic type tinea pedis, in this study, we observed the efficacy ...
Hahn Ezra E Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is an autoimmune condition primarily managed with prolonged courses of glucocorticoids, which can be associated with significant side effects. Orbital radiation therapy (RT) is an alternative treatment that has shown variable efficacy in improving orbital and visual symptoms. In this study, the therapeutic benefit of RT was ...
Chun Byung-Joon BJ Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-701, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of early management of post-thyroidectomy unilateral vocal cord palsy (UVCP) and the clinical utility of the thyroidectomy-related voice questionnaire (TVQ) when planning UVCP treatment. The study group comprised 48 consecutive patients diagnosed with UVCP after thyroidectomy. Laryngoscopic examination and voice ...
Zou Yue Y Department of Articular Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong Province, - - 2014
This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of aspirin, rivaroxaban and low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) for post total knee arthroplasty (TKA) deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis. Between July 2011 and July 2013, a prospective randomized controlled trial was performed on 324 patients with osteoarthritis who underwent primary unilateral TKA. ...
Castilho F M FM Departamento de Clínica Médica, Faculdade de Medicina, e Serviço de Cardiologia e Cirurgia Cardiovascular, Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
Prosthetic heart valve thrombosis is a life-threatening condition for which treatment has not been evaluated by randomized trials. To compare surgery with thrombolytic therapy for the treatment of prosthetic valve thrombosis. A comprehensive systematic review was carried out by independent researchers in PubMed, Web of Knowledge, HINARI, LILACS and EMBASE; ...
Kondo Hiromu H Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, - - 2014
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is the first-line therapy for large pancreatic duct stones; however, it requires a long duration of therapy. To clarify the effect of pancreatic stenting prior to extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy on shortening the duration of therapy and reducing complications. We retrospectively compared 45 patients who underwent ...
Rizvi Asad A AA Hartford Cardiac Lab, Hartford Hospital/University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 80 Seymour Street, Hartford, CT, 06102-5037, - - 2014
Ever since the observation was made linking a higher prevalence of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) in younger individuals with cryptogenic stroke (CS), there has been a vigorous debate as to the role the PFO plays and a search for the optimal management strategy to prevent recurrent CS. Data from ...
Iino Yukiko Y Department of Otolaryngology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center , Saitama , - - 2014
Abstract Conclusions: Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) concentrations in middle ear effusion (MEE) in patients with eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) were significantly decreased at 3 months after the administration of omalizumab from the baseline level (p < 0.05). This study provides new evidence that omalizumab reduces eosinophilic inflammation in the middle ...
Wang Sizhen S Medical School of Nanjing University, Research Institute of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital Nanjing 210002 - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Fluid therapy may be one of the most controversial topics in perioperative management. However, data concerning the influence of perioperative fluid administration on complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy are sparse. Methods: A group of 147 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for benign or malignant pathology of the pancreas or the periampullary region ...
Looi Khang-Li KL Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, , Cambridge, - - 2014
Studies have shown beneficial effects of cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) on mortality among patients with heart failure. However the incremental benefits in survival from CRT with a defibrillator (CRT-D) are unclear. The choice of appropriate device remains unanswered. This is a single-centre observational study in a tertiary cardiac centre. Patients ...
Mutoh Tatsushi T From the Department of Surgical Neurology, Research Institute for Brain and Blood Vessels-AKITA, Akita, Japan (T.M., A.S., T.I.); Department of Neurosurgery, Teine Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Japan (K.K.); Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiology, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan (T.M., Y.T.); and Department of Neurosurgery, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan (K.K., - - 2014
The results of previous studies suggest that early goal-directed fluid therapy (EGDT) reduces delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, but the effects of EGDT on clinical outcomes are still unclear. This study aimed to determine whether EGDT improves outcomes compared with standard less-invasive hemodynamic therapy. This study included ...
Levy Gerald D GD From the Southern California Permanente Medical Group, and Kaiser Permanente, Pharmacy Analytical Services, Downey, California, - - 2014
To evaluate the association between hyperuricemia and renal disease progression in a real-world, large observational database study. We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study identifying 111,992 patients with hyperuricemia (> 7 mg/dl) from a large medical group. The final cohort were ≥ 18 years old, urate-lowering therapy (ULT)-naïve, and had ...
Lin Munan M Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command, Fuzhou, Fujian 350025, P.R. - - 2014
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a degenerative joint disease that occurs mainly in the elderly population. However, there are currently no effective treatments for treating this condition. In this study, the efficacy of needle-knife therapy, a technique of traditional Chinese medicine that has been widely used to treat KOA was investigated. ...
Liu Chao C Heart Center, The First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, - - 2014
Newly emerging evidence showed that glucocorticoids could potentiate natriuretic peptides' action by increasing the density of natriuretic peptide receptor A, leading to a potent diuresis and a renal function improvement in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Therefore, glucocorticoid therapy may be used in patients with ADHF. One hundred ...
Sartorius Danièle - - 2014
Aims and Objectives: We assessed the clinical impact of goal-directed coagulation management based on rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) in patients undergoing emergent cardiovascular surgical procedures. Materials and Methods: Over a 2-year period, data from 71 patients were collected prospectively and blood samples were obtained for coagulation testing. Administration of packed red ...
Revuelta Suero Sergio S Servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, - - 2014
Purpose : To report midterm outcomes for endovascular treatment of external iliac artery (EIA) occlusive disease and assess possible factors affecting patency. Methods : A retrospective analysis was conducted of 99 consecutive patients (91 men; mean age 67.3 years) with claudication (n=70) or critical limb ischemia (n=29) owing to occlusive ...
Soga Yoshimitsu Y 1 Department of Cardiology, Kokura Memorial Hospital, Kitakyushu - - 2014
Purpose : To compare endovascular therapy (EVT) outcomes to those of bypass surgery (BSG) for infrainguinal artery disease in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods : A retrospective review was conducted of 1053 CLI patients (1053 first treated limbs) who underwent BSG (n=230) or EVT (n=823) for de novo ...
Loh Joshua P JP Interventional Cardiology, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2014
Premature antiplatelet therapy discontinuation (ATD) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is known to predict stent thrombosis (ST). However, recent data suggest that a shorter antiplatelet therapy duration is safe with newer generation DESs. The study aimed to compare the impact of early and late clopidogrel ATDs on ST in a ...
Ji Sang-Goo SG Department of Physical Therapy, Eulji University Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of the present study was to examine whether mirror therapy in conjunction with FES in stroke patients can improve gait ability. [Subjects] This study was conducted with 30 subjects who were diagnosed with hemiparesis due to stroke. [Methods] Experimental group I contained 10 subjects who received mirror ...
Nedeljkovic Beleslin Biljana B Clinic for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, Clinical Center of Serbia; Medical School, University of Belgrade; - - 2014
Glucocorticoids (GC) are the treatment of choice for moderate-to-severe and active Graves' orbitopathy (GO), but optimal treatment is still . The aim of the present study was to analyze the efficacy and tolerability of combined parenteral GC pulse therapy followed by oral GC in the interpulse period. The study included ...
Aydoğan Serhat S Anesthesia Clinics, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
A randomized prospective study. To assess postoperative analgesic requirements after Phyback therapy preemptively in patients undergoing lumbar stabilization. Frequency Rhythmic Electrical Modulation System is the latest method of preemptive analgesia. Forty patients were divided into two groups. Patients who were to receive tramadol were allocated to "group A" and those ...
Wee J J Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, - - 2014
Septic arthritis following arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL) is a rare complication and associated with severe morbidity. Its risk factors include (1) concomitant procedures during the reconstruction, (2) previous knee surgery, (3) allograft usage, (4) peri-operative wound contamination, and (5) presence of intra-articular foreign bodies. We present a series ...
Cho Jang-Eun JE Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anam Hospital, Korea University, Seoul, - - 2014
Prolonged duration of cardiopulmonary bypass aggravates the degree of inflammation and coagulopathy. We investigated the influence of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 on coagulation and inflammation compared with albumin when used for both cardiopulmonary bypass priming and perioperative fluid therapy in patients undergoing complex valvular heart surgery. Fifty four patients ...
Larena-Avellaneda A A Department of Vascular Medicine University Heart Center University Hospital of Hamburg‑Eppendorf Hamburg, Germany - - - 2014
Acute limb ischemia (ALI) and bypass occlusion are vascular emergencies and require immediate decisions and therapy. There are a lot of options, and the vascular therapist should be able to provide multiple alternatives. In this article we give on overview over the actual therapeutic options and present the data of ...
Kim Sang-Yul SY 0000-0003-4445-1586 Department of Periodontology, Research Institute of Oral Sciences, Gangneung-Wonju National University College of Dentistry, Gangneung, - - 2014
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of patient compliance with supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) on tooth loss in Korean adults. The periodontal records of 134 patients were reviewed for this study. They completed active periodontal treatment from 1999 to 2001 and were placed on a ...
Shikani Alan H AH Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Union Memorial Hospital, 201 East University Pkwy., Baltimore, MD 21218, USA. - - 2014
The management of refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) after endoscopic sinus surgery is complex and challenging. We conducted a prospective clinical pilot study to evaluate the effectiveness of a rhinotopic protocol for the treatment of refractory CRS. Our study population was made up of 20 patients-8 men and 12 women, aged ...
Lee Jaechun J Department of Internal Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju 690-756, - - 2014
Anaphylaxis is a fatal and systemic allergic reaction, which can be prevented by avoiding exposure to a causative agent. However, the causative agent cannot be identified in all cases and may be hardly avoided. A 41-year-old man, diagnosed with idiopathic anaphylaxis, experienced 6 anaphylactic events over 7 months, requiring 4 ...
Bhadade R R RR Department of Medicine, Topiwala National Medical College and B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Background: The outcome of sepsis is significantly affected by early institution of goal-directed therapies and hence, the search for an early marker of sepsis continues. Aims and Objectives: To observe microalbuminuria levels between patients with sepsis and those without sepsis s admitted to the medical intensive care unit (MICU) of ...
Tan Adrian Kh AKh Department of Continuing and Community Care, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, - - 2014
Introduction: This study aims to determine the inpatient rehabilitation effectiveness (REs) and rehabilitation efficiency (REy) of hip fracture in a Singapore community hospital (CH), its association with socio-demographic variables, medical comorbidities and admission Shah-modified Barthel Index (BI) score as well as change in independent ambulation from discharge to 4 months ...
Glackin L - - 2014
Although outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) is practiced internationally, there is a paucity of data regarding outcomes of paediatric OPAT. A retrospective analysis, of 3 years experience (January 2010 to 2013) was performed at a tertiary paediatric Respiratory unit. There were 362 OPAT courses administered to 32 children, of which ...
Mousavi Seyed Abdollah SA Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR - - 2014
Background: Many children with constipation fail to respond with conventional medical therapy. Surgery can produce a good result in dysfunction of the colon secondary to aganglionosis. However, its role in treating idiopathic constipation is more controversial. Patients and Methods: A consecutive series of 44 patients with chronic idiopathic intractable constipation ...
Bayrak Omer O Department of Urology, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, - - 2014
To demonstrate the effects of intravesical ozone treatment on inflammation and epithelial cell damage in chemical cystitis animal model. A total of 30 New Zealand rabbits were divided into six groups. Cystitis was conducted with transurethral intravesical hydrochloric acid instillation on the subjects in Groups IA, IB, IIA, and IIB. ...
Paul S K SK Dr Shanjoy Kumar Paul, Associate Professor (Pediatric Nephrology), Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail: - - 2014
The efficacy of longer initial course of prednisolone with standard regimen was compared in children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS). It was a randomized controlled trial in which patients with INS who responded to initial course of prednisolone, either long or standard regimen were included and followed for one year ...
Lee Kyeong Woo KW Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan; Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Center, Dong-A University Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
To compare the outcome of an early application of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) combined with traditional dysphagia therapy (TDT) versus traditional dysphagia therapy only in acute/subacute ischemic stroke patients with moderate to severe dysphagia by videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). Fifty-seven dysphagic stroke patients were enrolled in a VFSS within 10 ...
de la Fuente-García Alberto A Department of Dermatology, Dr. José E. González University Hospital, Monterrey, Nuevo León, - - 2014
Topical corticosteroids are used as first line of therapy for vitiligo, although side effects such as adrenal insufficiency are possible. To establish the role of ACTH test before, during, and after treatment with high potency topical steroids; to determine if adrenal insufficiency occurs secondary to the use of high potency ...
Molnár Tamás T University of Szeged, Szeged, - - 2014
Although cyclosporin is effective in severe ulcerative colitis (UC), long-term colectomy rate varies between 60 and 88% among patients in whom cyclosporin initially induced remission. The aim of our study was to evaluate the long-term outcome and the optimal duration of cyclosporin therapy in acute, severe UC. A total of ...
Iglesias Alex - - 2014
This case study details how hypnosis aided fixed role therapy (HAFRT) was employed in the successful treatment of a case of social phobia with a history of refractory outcomes to previous therapy trials. The treatment consisted of 10 office sessions, scheduled every two weeks, of HAFRT along with twice a ...
El-Fandy Gehan G - - 2014
Perioperative fluid therapy has a direct bearing on patient outcome and accordingly should be tailored individually. Thus the efficacy of HES 130/0.4 was compared to modified fluid gelatin for volume expansion during major abdominal surgery guided by transesophageal Doppler (TED). Fifty adult patients ASA physical status I-II undergoing major abdominal ...
Fonseca Jorge J Hospital Garcia de Orta, Serviço de Gastrenterologia, Grupo de Estudo de Nutrição Entérica - GENE, Pragal, Almada, - - 2014
Context Early refeeding after nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding is safe and reduces hospital stay/costs. Objectives The aim of this study was obtaining objective data on refeeding after nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Methods From 1 year span records of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding patients that underwent urgent endoscopy: clinical features; rockall score; ...
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