Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1717
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Zeh Alexander - - 2008
The flexible Triac-Brace was developed to improve cosmetic appearance and wearing comfort. It was evaluated in this study with respect to primary curve correction in idiopathic scoliosis (IS). Twenty patients (15 girls, 5 boys, mean age: 12.5) with a diagnosis of IS were treated with the Triac-Brace. Lumbar curves showed ...
Agrawal Sundeep - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart and radiograph review in a consecutive series of patients at a single institution. OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 methods of placing vertebral body screws in thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation with respect to radiographic, clinical, and perioperative variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Placing vertebral body ...
Santos Edward R G - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A study documenting major complications encountered in revision procedures for lumbar cage pseudoarthrosis. OBJECTIVE: To document the perioperative complications associated with revision surgery for threaded cylindrical cage pseudoarthrosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pseudoarthrosis after cylindrical cage placement manifests as persistent or recurrent pain and disability after surgery. Revision ...
Thakar Sumit - - 2008
OBJECT: This study was undertaken to examine the correlation between change in graft height and change in angulation across grafted segments (segmental angle) in patients undergoing central corpectomy (CC) with autologous bone reconstruction for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective analysis of 70 cases in which ...
Akula M - - 2008
Plate cage Benezech (PCB) is a titanium-made implant introduced recently in spinal surgery as a new substitute for autograft in cervical spine interbody fusion. It has a plate attached to the anterior surface of the cage to prevent any displacement of the cage, and to provide additional support in patients ...
Aryan H E - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Anterior access to the L5-S1 disc space for interbody fusion can be technically challenging, frequently requiring the use of an approach surgeon for adequate exposure. We reviewed our experience with a novel minimally invasive technique for L5-S1 interbody fusion that exploits the presacral space and its relative dearth of ...
Koptan Wael M T - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Scheuermann's kyphosis has long been treated by a two-staged fusion and instrumentation with a hybrid construct using hooks, pedicle screws, and sublaminar wires. Recent interest in all pedicle screw constructs led to its use in the treatment of Scheuermann's kyphosis. Evaluation of this newly described application is needed. ...
Hong Jae Taek - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed 11 patients who underwent laminar screw fixation in the subaxial cervical spine. In 4 patients, laminar screws were inserted for posterior cervical arthrodesis, and in 7 patients it was used for fixation of the open laminae during laminoplasty. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the author describes ...
Yeom Jin S - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective matched pair analysis. OBJECTIVE: To determine if fibrin sealant can decrease postoperative drain output and length of stay (LOS) after multilevel anterior cervical fusions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite careful hemostasis, bleeding after anterior cervical fusion can occur and may be life threatening. Although fibrin sealants are ...
Labelle Hubert - - 2008
This study is a retrospective multi-centre analysis of changes in spino-pelvic sagittal alignment after surgical correction of L5-S1 developmental spondylolisthesis. The purpose of this study was to determine how sagittal spino-pelvic alignment is affected by surgery, with the hypothesis that surgical correction at the lumbo-sacral level is associated with an ...
Chen Kao-Chang - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This report of one case illustrates the potential effect of chiropractic manipulative therapy on back pain and curve progression in the at-risk, skeletally immature patient with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 15-year-old girl experienced right thoracic scoliosis for 4 years. She received regular rehabilitation and brace treatment for ...
Arkader Alexandre - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Osteoblastoma is a rare benign and sometimes locally aggressive tumor with peak incidence in the second decade. None of the available series addresses specifically the differences in presentation, management, and outcome between the pediatric and adult patient populations. METHODS: The medical records and radiographs of all children diagnosed with ...
Sagi H Claude - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report on the radiographic and clinical outcome of symphyseal plating techniques, with specific attention to the incidence of implant failure, reoperation secondary to implant complication, and ability to maintain reduction of the pelvic ring. DESIGN: Retrospective chart and radiographic review. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: A total ...
McIntire Kevin L - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that quantified trunk rotational strength training will equalize any strength asymmetry, increase strength overall, and stabilize adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Bracing, the only generally accepted form of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis nonoperative therapy, has many shortcomings. Paraspinal muscle ...
Wu Chin-Hsien - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Surgery for degenerative lumbar scoliosis remains challenging for spine surgeons even with the application of pedicle screw instrumentation. This retrospective study assesses the outcomes of instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for degenerative lumbar scoliosis. METHODS: From April 2000 to April 2004, 26 patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis were ...
Sasso Rick C - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A clinical retrospective study was conducted. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of 25 consecutive patients with symptomatic high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis at L5-S1 treated by decompression and transvertebral, transsacral strut grafting with fibular allograft. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Symptomatic high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis serves as a challenging ...
Min Jun-Hong - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the clinical significance of, characteristics of, and risk factors for adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) in patients who have undergone instrumented lumbar fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ASD has been considered a potential long-term complication of spinal ...
De Brauwer Veerle - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Genua valga are not merely a cosmetic problem but also predispose to gonarthrosis in adult life. In our retrospective study of 25 patients, we reviewed our present technique of medial hemiepiphysiodesis using percutaneous screws and compared it with our own results of stapling. METHODS: Clinical evaluation was performed by ...
Cho Dae-Chul - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients with metastatic thoracic and lumbar tumors after palliative surgery using PTA with posterior instrumentation. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients with metastatic thoracic and lumbar spine tumors were treated using a PTA with posterior instrumentation. The patient group ...
Dai Li-Yang - - 2008
Anterior radical debridement and bone grafting is popular in the treatment of pyogenic infection of the spine, but there remains great concern of placing instrumentation in the presence of infection because of the potentiality of infection recurrence after surgery. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy ...
Kluba Torsten - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Demographic changes create an expansion of the elderly population segment of society. Demands of mobility and quality of life have increased in this age group over the last decades. A rising number of elderly patients suffering from degenerative "de novo" lumbar scoliosis (DLS) may be eligible for surgical options ...
Lehman Ronald A RA - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Preoperative review of a prospective study, single institution, consecutive series. OBJECTIVE.: To analyze the intermediate-term follow-up of consecutive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients treated with pedicle screw constructs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There have been no reports of the intermediate-term findings in North America following posterior spinal fusion ...
Clement Jean-Luc - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective comparison of radiographic results for 2 consecutive series of patients treated for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) by posterior instrumentations with thoracic screws using 2 methods of reduction: sequential approximation by cantilever reduction (CR) and simultaneous translation technique on 2 rods (ST2R). OBJECTIVE: To compare correction of ...
Tsutsumimoto Takahiro - - 2008
It has been reported that in patients undergoing posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF), the fusion status is not related to the short-term operative results. To determine whether the fusion status influences the long-term operative results of PLF, we retrospectively examined the surgical outcomes of uninstrumented PLF for a minimum of 8 ...
Cheng Lei - - 2009
In this prospective study, our aim was to compare the clinical outcome of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and posterolateral fusion (PLF) in spondylolisthesis. A total of 138 patients with spondylolisthesis were randomly assigned to two groups: those operated on with pedicle screw fixation and posterior lumbar interbody fusion by ...
Helenius Ilkka - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of surgical treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is primarily to prevent progression and secondarily to correct the deformity, whereas the goal of surgical treatment of pediatric spondylolisthesis is mainly to relieve pain and, in patients with a high-grade slip, to prevent progression. The aim of this study ...
Tumialán Luis M - - 2008
OBJECT: The goal in this study was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion ([ACDF]; single- or multilevel procedure) performed using titanium plates and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) spacers filled with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) impregnated in a type I collagen sponge to achieve fusion. ...
Putzier Michael - - 2008
OBJECT: Despite modern stabilization techniques and the use of autologous cancellous bone, bone consolidation does not occur in 10-15% of spinal fusion operations. There is also considerable donor site morbidity. Therefore, there is a definite need for material that has a larger measure of osteoinductivity, osteoconductivity, and osteogenic potential. METHODS: ...
Ha Kee-Yong - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The surgical approach that should be used for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is a controversial issue. Decompression and posterolateral fusion (PLF) with or without lumbar interbody fusion is widely used. Many studies have compared the outcomes of these 2 approaches, but the appropriate indications for these approaches are still unclear. ...
Bucciero A - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this retrospective clinical and radiographic study was to provide follow-up data on the surgical success and patient outcome of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage-assisted anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) at four levels. The literature on four-level ACDF is scanty, and the reported series are not enterely comparable ...
Weistroffer Joseph K - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of complications with minimal 5-year follow-up of 50 adults with scoliosis with fusion from T10 or higher to S1. OBJECTIVES: To document the perioperative and long-term complications and instrumentation problems, and to attempt to determine variables which may influence these problems. It is not a ...
Aizawa Toshimi - - 2008
OBJECT: The increased kyphosis after thoracic laminectomy in adult patients was retrospectively evaluated and various factors affecting this spinal deformity were analyzed. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective study of 58 cases in which laminectomy was performed and more than half of the facet joints were left intact. The study ...
Takemitsu Masakazu - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive case series. OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence and clinical characteristics of postoperative fifth cervical nerve root palsy (C5 palsy) in patients with cervical myelopathy treated by laminoplasty alone and laminoplasty with posterior instrumentation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In patients who have multilevel cervical myelopathy with reducible kyphosis ...
Hirunyachote Pinit - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The present study was carried out to compare clinical results of spinal fusion in degenerative disease of lumbar between using pedicular screw instrumentation in every pedicle and partial placing the screws in some vertebra to provide immediate stabilization of the spine. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fifty patients with degenerative diseases ...
Robertson Peter A - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of lumbar spinal fusion. OBJECTIVE: To examine the functional changes subsequent to lumbar spinal fusion in a total procedure audit in a community spinal surgery practice. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several randomized controlled trials have demonstrated efficacy of spinal fusion procedures across diagnoses, but demonstrating ...
Kim Ju Young - - 2008
Retrospective study. To more accurately determine the incidence and clarify risk factors. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is one of the possible complications following correctional operation for scoliosis. However, when preliminary symptoms are vague, the diagnosis of superior mesenteric artery syndrome may be easily missed. We conducted a retrospective study using ...
Kong Chae-Gwan - - 2008
Radiological analysis. To investigate sacralization of L5 on radiological studies of degenerative spondylolisthesis at L4-L5. Degenerative spondylolisthesis commonly develops at L4-L5. Sacralization of L5 is thought to cause stress concentration at this level, which accentuates degenerative changes and promotes development of degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, there has been no study dedicated ...
Oh Sung Kyun - - 2008
Retrospective study. To investigate whether intersegmental compression can affect the results of threedimensional correction for idiopathic scoliosis. Intersegmental compression is usually performed to increase the correction rate and enhance kyphosis restoration. However, it is presumed that the risk of decompensation is increased. Twenty-seven patients with idiopathic scoliosis who were corrected ...
Deviren Vedat - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review was performed of adult and adolescent patients who underwent anterior spinal fusion for thoracolumbar idiopathic scoliosis; radiographic and clinical outcomes were compared. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of anterior instrumentation to treat thoracolumbar scoliosis in adults and adolescents by ...
Ha Kee-Yong - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cause-effect relationship between fusion and sacroiliac joint (SIJ) degeneration after instrumented posterolateral lumbar or lumbosacral fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Adjacent segment degeneration following spinal fusion has attracted considerable attention. However, little attention has been paid to the SIJ, which ...
Song Kwang-Sup - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of anterior decompression and fusion followed by posterior instrumented fusion using pedicle screws without intentional correction of severe angular kyphosis deformity with myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Treatment of severe angular kyphosis with myelopathy is extremely difficult and dangerous. Although surgical ...
Lee Seock Yeol - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with pectus carinatum complain of cosmetic problems because they stand out in spite of wearing clothes. Surgical treatment of pectus carinatum is resection of the deformed cartilage but a wide operative scar, postoperative pain and complications related with the operation can occur. Therefore we have performed compressive brace ...
Sucato Daniel J - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review comparing patients who had postoperative ketorolac and those who did not following posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation (PSFI) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of postoperative ketorolac on the incidence of pseudoarthrosis in postoperative AIS patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ketorolac ...
Epstein Nancy E - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: This study prospectively analyzed posterolateral fusion rates and Short-Form 36 (SF-36) outcomes after multilevel lumbar laminectomies and noninstrumented fusions. OBJECTIVE: SF-36 outcomes and posterolateral fusion rates were assessed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Technologically advanced and expensive instrumentation techniques and fusion adjuncts (ie, bone morphogenetic protein) may not be ...
Maruyama Toru - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the efficacy of the Milwaukee brace and its psychological impact and to define whether its use is still acceptable today by a review of literature. METHOD: A bibliographic search on PubMed and Medline database using keywords, 'scoliosis and brace' was performed. ...
Kim Youngbae B - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To analyze radiographic and functional outcomes after posterior segmental spinal instrumentation and fusion (PSSIF) with and without an anterior apical release of the lumbar curve in adult scoliosis patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No comparison study on PSSIF of adult lumbar scoliosis with apical ...
Pee Yong Hun - - 2008
OBJECT: An anterior approach for debridement and fusion with autologous bone graft has been recommended as the gold standard for surgical treatment of pyogenic spondylodiscitis. The use of anterior foreign body implants at the site of active infection is still a challenging procedure for spine surgeons. Several authors have recently ...
Upasani Vidyadhar V - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter study of changes in Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) outcome measures after surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in patient determined outcome measures between 2 and 5 years after AIS surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Current surgical procedures have been shown to ...
Tsirikos Athanasios I - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical and radiographic consecutive case series of 2 surgeons. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present a large consecutive series of patients with cerebral palsy who were treated with the Unit rod instrumentation at a single institution. The goal was to report the incidence of ...
Kim Kyongsong - - 2008
Cervical anterior fusion is useful for the treatment of patients with cervical disease, but carries the risk of postoperative worsening of the cervical spine alignment and kyphosis. Preoperative prediction of the risk for kyphosis could help to avoid such postoperative complications. We attempted to predict the postoperative development of kyphosis ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >