Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1712
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Ramappa Manjunath - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP) has become a valuable tool in assessing respiratory muscle weakness. Its role in the scoliosis population is still being defined. AIM: To assess significance of SNIP value in paediatric patients with scoliosis. METHODS: Eighty-nine paediatric patients were investigated with SNIP at the time of ...
Vaccaro Alexander R - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial comparing OP-1 (rhBMP-7) with iliac crest autograft in patients with symptomatic degenerative spondylolisthesis and spinal stenosis treated with decompression and uninstrumented posterolateral arthrodesis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and the clinical and radiographic efficacy of OP-1 (rhBMP-7) Putty as compared with an iliac crest bone ...
Modi Hitesh N HN Department of Orthopedics, Scoliosis Research Institute, Korea University Guro Hospital, Guro-Gu, Seoul 152-703, - - 2010
The literature has described different indications for pelvic fixation in neuromuscular scoliosis. We retrospectively evaluated changes in pelvic obliquity for a minimum of two years among three groups: group I (initial pelvic obliquity >15 degrees; with pelvic fixation), group II (initial pelvic obliquity >15 degrees; without pelvic fixation), and group ...
Papadopoulos Elias C - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The traditional bipedicular kyphoplasty was proved to be safe and effective for the treatment of pain associated with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). Nevertheless, unilateral kyphoplasty would be an attractive alternative to the traditional bipedicular kyphoplasty owing to theoretical speed, safety, and less expense; thus far, the biomechanical testing ...
Dhall Sanjay S - - 2008
OBJECT: As minimally invasive approaches gain popularity in spine surgery, clinical outcomes and effectiveness of mini-open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) compared with traditional open TLIF have yet to be established. The authors retrospectively compared the outcomes of patients who underwent mini-open TLIF with those who underwent open TLIF. METHODS: ...
Okuda Shinya - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. OBJECTIVE: To clarify associations between both lamina horizontalization and facet tropism and adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: We have previously reported coexistence of lamina horizontalization and facet tropism adjacent to the cranial fusion segment as risk factors for ASD. METHODS: Subjects ...
Liu Gang - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To propose a new technique to treat lumbar spinal stenosis with median approach endoscopic decompression combined with interspinous process implant fusion and evaluate the initial clinical outcome. METHODS: This study involved 30 patients who had neurogenic commitment claudication over 2 years and were resistant to conservative therapy. All cases ...
Miyamoto Hiroshi - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective long-term follow-up study of nonoperative treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and multivariable analysis of the prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the outcomes of nonoperative treatment for LSS over a long-term follow-up, and to extrapolate factors relating to the prognosis of treatment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The ...
Bindal Rajesh K - - 2008
OBJECT: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is an increasingly popular procedure. The technique involves use of fluoroscopy to assist with pedicle screw (PS) placement. The potential exists for both the surgeon and the patient to become exposed to significant amounts of radiation. The authors undertook this study to ...
Newton Peter O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spinal growth modulation by tethering the anterolateral aspect of the spine, as previously demonstrated in a nonscoliotic calf model, may be a viable fusionless treatment method for idiopathic scoliosis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the radiographic, histologic, and biomechanical results after six and twelve months ...
Wise Christopher L - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: Comparing efficacy and outcomes of a new technique for sacroiliac arthrodesis. BACKGROUND: The sacroiliac joint has been described as a possible source of chronic low back pain. However, surgical treatment of sacroiliac pain and dysfunction is controversial. Arthrodesis is normally reserved as a salvage procedure ...
Na Ki-Ho - - 2008
A retrospective radiographic study. To evaluate the axial plane lumbar responses after anterior selective thoracic fusion (STF) in patients with main thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (MT-AIS). Anterior scoliosis surgery induces more MT derotation through disc preparation than posterior surgery. Twenty-eight MT-AIS patients treated with STF were evaluated after a minimum ...
Modi Hitesh N - - 2008
A retrospective study. To compare outcomes of apical derotation with pedicle screws in idiopathic and neuromuscular scoliosis (NMS). No information about apical derotation in NMS with pedicle screws is available. We performed deformity correcting surgery using pedicle screw constructs on 12 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients (mean age 14.1 years) ...
Schizas Constantin - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare our experience with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MITLIF) and open midline transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). A total of 36 patients suffering from isthmic spondylolisthesis or degenerative disc disease were operated with either a MITLIF (n = 18) or an ...
Sethi Anil - - 2009
Lumbar spinal fusion is advancing with minimally invasive techniques, bone graft alternatives, and new implants. This has resulted in significant reductions of operative time, duration of hospitalization, and higher success in fusion rates. However, costs have increased as many new technologies are expensive. This study was carried out to investigate ...
Ritzman Todd F - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a multicenter prospectively collected series of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare uninstrumented compensatory curve spontaneous derotation of the rib hump and lumbar prominence after selective lumbar or thoracic fusions in AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Coronal correction of the unfused minor curve ...
Jagannathan Jay - - 2008
OBJECT: In this paper, the authors review the functional and cosmetic outcomes and complications in 300 patients who underwent treatment for lumbar spine disease via either an anterior paramedian or conventional anterolateral retroperitoneal approach. METHODS: Seven surgeons performed anterior lumbar surgeries in 300 patients between August 2004 and December 2006. ...
Morita Masahiro - - 2008
OBJECT: The authors investigated the background, risk factors, and treatment strategies for Charcot spinal disease (CSD) after spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: The authors retrospectively examined the clinical and radiological findings in 9 patients with a total of 10 Charcot spine lesions that occurred after SCI. The mean age of ...
Meisel Hans Jörg - - 2008
The use of biological technologies for the treatment of degenerative spinal diseases has undergone rapid clinical and scientific development. BMP strategies have gained wide support for an inherent potential to improve the ossification process. It has been extensively studied in combination with various techniques for spinal stabilisation from both anterior ...
de Sèze Mathieu-Panchoa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Camptocormia, or bent spine syndrome, is an acquired postural disease leading to lumbar kyphosis observed when the patient stands up. Classic orthoses and physiotherapy programmes provide little correction and are often poorly tolerated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerance of a new orthosis ...
Borkhuu Battugs - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective matched cohort study with control group. OBJECTIVE: To compare the infection rate after posterior spinal fusion with unit rod instrumentation with or without gentamicin-impregnated allograft bone in children with cerebral palsy (CP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies evaluating wound infection rates after spinal fusion surgery ...
Gokce Alper - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case analysis. OBJECTIVE: Tuberculosis spondylitis is a cause of sagittal imbalance and neurologic impairment. In this study, the result of decompression and closing wedge osteotomy with instrumented fusion performed in patients with tuberculous spondylitis were analyzed retrospectively. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Twelve patients with angular kyphotic deformity ...
Suh K T - - 2008
Between March 2000 and February 2006, we carried out a prospective study of 100 patients with a low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis (Meyerding grade II or below), who were randomised to receive a single-level and instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion with either one or two cages. The minimum follow-up was for two ...
Stephenson Jacob T - - 2008
PURPOSE: The treatment of pectus carinatum (PC) has classically been operative, though compressive orthotic braces have been used with good success in recent years. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the use of radiologic measurements in a successful bracing protocol. METHODS: Sixty-three patients with PC have been evaluated ...
Sun Gang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recently, bilateral transpedicular kyphoplasty with a single balloon was performed for osteoporotic vertebral body compression fractures (OVCFs) to reduce the fees of the operation, but the time of operation and radiation exposure are longer. The aim of this study was to determine the safety and effectiveness of a single ...
Lee Sun-Ho - - 2008
In this study we reviewed the treatment outcomes for 20 consecutive patients who underwent anterior 1-level cervical corpectomy and reconstruction using a titanium mesh cage and semi-constrained plating after an average follow-up of 14.8 months. Two groups, each of 10 patients, underwent surgery with 10-mm and 13-mm diameter cages, respectively. ...
Oh Albert K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Left-handedness reportedly has been more common in persons with neurological afflictions (e.g., stroke) and malformations (e.g., cleft lip with or without cleft palate) that demonstrate marked unilateral involvement. Coronal synostosis is also more frequently unilateral, affecting the right side more commonly than the left. We sought to compare left-handedness ...
Khoueir Paul - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The pseudarthrosis rate after multisegment anterior cervical fusion is directly related to the number of levels surgically fused. The advent of osteobiological adjuvants offers an opportunity to reduce both the likelihood of failed arthrodesis and the need for posterior instrumentation. Collagen-hydroxyapatite matrix is osteoconductive and has been used with ...
Kim Yongjung J - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze time-dependent change of, prevalence of, and risk factors for proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in adult spinal deformity after long (> or =5 vertebrae) segmental posterior spinal instrumented fusion with a minimum 5-year postoperative follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No study has focused ...
Mulconrey Daniel S - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single center, nonblinded radiographic analysis of anterior and posterior adult spinal deformity fusions performed with bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2). OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of rhBMP-2 to achieve multilevel spinal fusion in the deformity patient. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No previous study has evaluated rhBMP-2 for multilevel ...
Luk Keith D K - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of 50 consecutive patients undergoing selective thoracic fusion for idiopathic scoliosis with minimum 2 year follow-up. OBJECTIVE: We aim to establish the validity and safety of a new strategy using fulcrum bending (FB) radiographs and the inherent flexibility of the curve to select fusion levels ...
Wang Yipeng - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: Comparison study of radiologic and clinical outcomes, efficiency, and cost between anterior spinal fusion (ASF) and posterior spine fusion (PSF) in surgical treatment of moderate lumbar/thoracolumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ASF and PSF indicated for lumbar and thoracolumbar adolescent idiopathic ...
Lumawig Jose Miguel T - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) had been implicated as a risk factor for nonunion in spinal fusion. Even with a number of animal and human studies suggesting NSAIDs either delay or inhibit spinal fusion rates, these drugs continue to be used because of demonstrated benefits. Diclofenac ...
Overcash Janine A - - 2008
Performance status measures can provide clinical incite into understanding patients who are at risk for falls. PURPOSE: This preliminary, prospective study is to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the Timed Up & Go instrument and the Simmonds Performance Test Battery in older cancer patients with falls as the outcome ...
Tangviriyapaiboon Teera - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the surgical technique and advantages of the mini-open transforaminal approach for lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) combined with transpedicular screw fixation. Clinical and radiographic results were assessed to determine the clinical outcomes in twelve consecutive patients selected for minimally invasive access (mini-open technique) for TLIF in Prasat Neurological ...
Kessler Jeffrey I - - 2008
The objective was to introduce a flexible brace abduction brace in the Ponseti treatment of clubfeet. Eight patients undergoing Ponseti treatment for talipes equinovarus were assessed. Brace compliance and incidence of relapses were assessed. Patients first used rigid abduction braces, but because of brace noncompliance were switched to a new ...
Heary Robert F - - 2008
Spinal deformity affects adults and adolescents in different ways. Adult deformity patients are skeletally mature and tend to have relatively fixed curves, whereas adolescent patients are skeletally immature with flexible curves. As a result, adult patients typically present with back pain and neurological concerns, whereas adolescents present with cosmetic complaints. ...
Heary Robert F - - 2008
Bracing is the oldest treatment known for scoliotic spinal deformity. The relative advantages to the use of bracing have been directly related to the etiology of the deformity and the flexibility of the spine at the time that a decision is made regarding the use of a brace. In skeletally ...
Pradhan Ben B - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of postoperative use of ketorolac (Toradol) on spinal fusion in humans. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The value of parenteral ketorolac in postoperative analgesia has been well documented across surgical specialties. However, some studies have shown that ketorolac may adversely affect osteogenic ...
Rodriguez-Olaverri Juan C - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively compares the clinical and radiologic outcomes of unilateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) with those of transvertebral screw fixation of the lumbosacral spine in high-grade spondylolisthesis. OBJECTIVE: To examine the outcome and perioperative complications of unilateral TLIF and compare those results with Transvertebral Screw Fixation ...
Reddi Vasantha - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A Systematic Review of published series of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with anterior thoracoscopic instrumentation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the results of thoracoscopic surgery and to compare them with those of open anterior and posterior spine instrumentation to enable surgeons judge the applicability ...
Li Xiangdong - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of patient records was conducted. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of a lumbar hemivertebra resection and short-segment fusion through a lateral-posterior approach. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Few reports have been reported describing a procedure consisting of one-stage lateral-posterior lumbar hemivertebra resection and correction of the ...
Schaeren Stefan - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To test whether posterior dynamic stabilization in situ with Dynesys (Zimmer Spine, Minneapolis, MN) can maintain enough stability to prevent progression of spondylolisthesis in long-term follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In spinal stenosis with degenerative spondylolisthesis, decompression and fusion are widely recommended. However, drawbacks ...
Yan Deng-lu - - 2008
This study is to compare the therapeutic effect of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) with pedicle screw fixation on treatment in adult degenerative spondylolisthesis. A retrospective analysis of 187 patients to compare the complications and associated predictive factors of the two techniques of one ...
Chen Yu - - 2009
Between January 2000 and December 2003, a total of 83 patients (64 men and 19 women, average age: 56.4 years, range: 42-78 years) who underwent posterior laminectomy and instrumented fusion for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) were included in this study to investigate the long-term outcome of this ...
Qiu Yong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The advantages of video assisted thoracoscopic anterior correction for scoliosis are minimal invasion and relatively short-time instrumentation; however the relatively steep learning curve cannot be ignored. Small incision, thoracotomic anterior correction for idiopathic thoracic scoliosis could be another choice because of less demanding technique. We compared the outcomes of ...
Cosar Murat - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: The efficacy of tricalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite (beta-TCP/HA) grafts was studied after anterior cervical discectomy (ACD). OBJECTIVE: This study presents our observations about the efficacy of beta-TCP/HA grafts after ACD. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Especially in the last 2 decades, fusion materials such as autograft and allograft, as ...
Zeh Alexander - - 2008
The flexible Triac-Brace was developed to improve cosmetic appearance and wearing comfort. It was evaluated in this study with respect to primary curve correction in idiopathic scoliosis (IS). Twenty patients (15 girls, 5 boys, mean age: 12.5) with a diagnosis of IS were treated with the Triac-Brace. Lumbar curves showed ...
Agrawal Sundeep - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart and radiograph review in a consecutive series of patients at a single institution. OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 methods of placing vertebral body screws in thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation with respect to radiographic, clinical, and perioperative variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Placing vertebral body ...
Santos Edward R G - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A study documenting major complications encountered in revision procedures for lumbar cage pseudoarthrosis. OBJECTIVE: To document the perioperative complications associated with revision surgery for threaded cylindrical cage pseudoarthrosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pseudoarthrosis after cylindrical cage placement manifests as persistent or recurrent pain and disability after surgery. Revision ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >