Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1717
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Sembrano Jonathan N - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study of 2 approaches to multilevel fusion for cervical spondylosis in consecutive patients at a single institution. OBJECTIVE: To provide justification for a concomitant posterior approach in multilevel cervical fusion for spondylosis by demonstrating decreased pseudarthrosis and reoperation rates. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Among the factors ...
Suratwala Sanjeev J - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: This is a single-center, multisurgeon, retrospective study of radiologic and functional outcome measures at a minimum 2-year follow-up. OBJECTIVE: We studied the radiologic and functional outcomes following 3 or more motion segment fusions of the lumbar spine for low back pain due to multilevel degenerative disc disease. SUMMARY ...
Newton Peter O - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of patient and surgeon preference between selective and nonselective thoracic spinal fusions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was: (1) to determine patient preference between a longer, straighter fusion versus a shorter fusion with a residual lumbar deformity, and (2) to determine surgeon preference based on a ...
Xu Hao - - 2009
OBJECT: The transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) procedure was developed to provide the surgeon with a fusion procedure that may reduce many of the risks and limitations associated with posterior lumbar interbody fusion, yet produce similar stability in the spine. There are few large series with long-term follow-up data regarding ...
Burkus J Kenneth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Twenty-four-month outcomes have been reported for patients with degenerative lumbar disc disease who were treated with stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody arthrodesis with use of dual tapered interbody fusion cages and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2. This report represents an update of the clinical and radiographic results of this treatment ...
Rodríguez-Vela J - - 2009
It has been widely reported a vascular and neurologic damage of the lumbar muscles produced in the classic posterior approach for lumbar spinal fusions. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate a better clinical and functional outcome in the postoperative and short term in patients undergoing minimal invasive surgery ...
Parisini P - - 2009
Pedicle screw fixation enables enhanced three-dimensional correction of spinal deformities and effectively shortens the distal fusion level. However, the choice of distal fusion level is still controversial in single thoracic idiopathic scoliosis with the lumbar compensatory curve not crossing the middle line (Lenke type 1 with modifier A or King ...
Hiremath Girish K - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent posterior cervical fusion during a 1-year time period. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the safety profile of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP)-2 in posterior cervical fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Use of rhBMP-2 in anterior cervical spine surgery has been ...
Rose Peter S - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: An analysis of clinical and radiographic data of 40 consecutive patients with fixed sagittal imbalance. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mid lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO), pelvic incidence (PI), thoracic kyphosis (TK), and patient characteristics on correction obtained in patients with fixed sagittal imbalance. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND ...
Asghar Jahangir - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review with historical cohort. OBJECTIVE: Our study measures axial rotation of the apical vertebral bodies of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with an all pedicle screw (APS) construct versus a hook-rod (HR) construct using computed tomography (CT). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ecker et al (Spine 1988;13:1141-4) ...
Hayashi Katsuhiro - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a series of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. OBJECTIVE: To perform a 3-dimensional (3D) analysis of patients with thoracic scoliosis to identify differences in the thoracic sagittal alignment measured from the standard lateral projection as compared to the "true lateral" view. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: It ...
Kim Youngbae B - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complications and patient satisfaction related to an anterior thoracolumbar approach in the treatment of adult spinal deformity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is no long-term follow-up data on the effects of an anterior thoracolumbar approach on adult spinal deformity patients. METHODS: A ...
Lonner Baron S - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective cohort study of 100 consecutive patients. OBJECTIVE: Compare the coronal and sagittal plane radiographic outcomes and clinical rib hump deformity correction in patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis using hybrid instrumentation, polyaxial (POLY) segmental pedicle screw fixation, or monoaxial (MONO) segmental pedicle ...
Sponseller Paul D - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of spinal fusion in patients with open triradiate cartilages (OTRC) and closed triradiate cartilages (CTRC). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients with OTRC at the time of spinal fusion may be at increased risk of developing postoperative changes related to growth. METHODS: ...
Cho Kyu-Jung - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the appropriate distal fusion level in posterior instrumentation and fusion for thoracic hyperkyphosis by investigating the relationship between the sagittal stable vertebra ([SSV]-the most proximal lumbar vertebral body touched by the vertical line from the posterior-superior corner of the sacrum), first lordotic vertebra ...
Rose Peter S - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A matched cohort comparison of adult idiopathic scoliosis (AdIS) patients treated with all pedicle screw constructs compared to hook/hybrid constructs. OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical and radiographic results of AdIS treatment using all pedicle screw constructs versus hook/hybrid constructs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pedicle screw instrumentation has demonstrated excellent ...
Motosuneya Takao - - 2009
We aimed to evaluate the clinical utility and safety of the hook and rod method for occipitocervical fusion. Eleven consecutive patients (3 males, 8 females; 50-78 years old, average 63.8 years; 16-77 months follow-up, average 33.7 months) with unstable lesions at the craniocervical junction who underwent occipitocervical fusion using a ...
Knop Christian - - 2009
The authors report on a prospectively followed series of 35 patients with injuries of the thoracolumbar spine from T7 to L3. The radiological course after combined posterior-anterior surgery with anterior column reconstruction with a distractible vertebral body replacing implant demonstrated a stable reconstruction technique with almost no re-kyphosing. In 18/18 ...
Matsuyama Yukihiro - - 2009
To investigation of the outcomes of indirect posterior decompression with corrective fusion for myelopathy associated with thoracic ossification of the longitudinal ligament, and prognostic factors. Conservative treatment for myelopathy associated with thoracic ossification of the longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is mostly ineffective, and treatment is necessary. However, many authors have reported ...
Khan Safdar N - - 2009
Combined anterior and posterior surgery is useful for fixed deformity of the lumbar spine. The specific indications for and clinical outcome parameters after combined surgery for patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis have not been well defined. We retrospectively reviewed 14 consecutive patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis treated with combined anterior ...
El-Adl Gamal - - 2009
A retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the results of telescoping (group I) versus non telescoping rods (group II) in the treatment of osteogenesis imperfecta. Thirty-three lower limb segments in ten patients were studied (14 segments in group I and 19 segments in group II). The surgical techniques ...
Kim Jin-Sung - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical data analysis. OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical results with radiologic results of 2 fusion techniques for adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is clear evidence that lumbar interbody fusion using anterior and posterior approaches provides a high fusion rate, good sagittal alignment, and good ...
Carreon Leah Y - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of preoperative Mental Component Summary (MCS), preoperative Physical Component Summary (PCS), preoperative Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), back pain predominance, body mass index (BMI), age, smoking status, and workers' compensation on health-related quality of life after lumbar fusion. These factors ...
Xu Bao-Shan - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Serial retrospective long-term follow-up study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term results of anterior surgery with Cloward trephination and iliac strut grafting for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Anterior surgery remains the most common surgical option and generally gives good results, although early and late deterioration after ...
Röhl K - - 2009
Comparative prospective study. To determine functionality of the cervical spine when using ProDisc C in comparison with the conventional method of treatment (decompression and fusion) in paraplegics. Spinal Cord Injury Centre in Germany. Two homogeneous groups were studied. The patients were treated with ventral decompression and either had a fusion ...
Chang Wei-Chieh - - 2009
We compared the preliminary outcomes of cervical fusion performed using radiolucent cages containing either cancellous bone or hydroxyapatite graft. From July 2004 to June 2006, 45 consecutive patients presented with a total of 109 levels of degenerative disc disease between the C2 and C7 levels. Each patient underwent anterior cervical ...
Stokes Ian A F - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Cluster analysis of existing database of spinal shape of patients attending a scoliosis clinic. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with scoliosis can be classified into distinct groups by 3-dimensional curve shape. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Subjective or semiquantitative methods can be used to classify curve types in scoliosis, ...
Sugawara Taku - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is widely performed for the treatment of cervical spinal degenerative disease. Autogenic or allogenic bone grafts are used for interbody fusion with satisfactory long term outcomes. However, harvest of the autograft causes donor site complications and allograft is associated with low fusion rate. ...
Song B-K - - 2009
To evaluate the efficacy of unipedicular kyphoplasty in the treatment of patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, we compared the pre- and postoperative clinical and radiological results in the unipedicular and bipedicular kyphoplasty groups. The clinical and radiological results of unipedicular kyphoplasty were as good as those of bipedicular kyphoplasty. ...
Hresko Michael Timothy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reduction of severe spondylolisthesis is controversial. Publications have emphasized the techniques of reduction and associated complications, but there is little knowledge about the effect of reduction on the sagittal balance of the spine and pelvis in the postoperative patient. This study evaluated the effect of surgical reduction and instrumented ...
Yu Bin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of segmental pedicle screws versus hybrid instrumentation on the correction results in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing posterior selective thoracic fusion, METHODS: By reviewing the medical records and roentgenograms of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients who underwent selective thoracic fusion from February 2000 to January 2007 ...
Winter Robert B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the true outcomes of a unique cohort of patients with spinal deformities who were treated as children and followed for 40 or more years. METHODS: Altogether, 23 patients were reviewed who had been originally treated in our community, whose original charts ...
Hue Yun Hee - - 2009
Bilateral C1-2 transarticular screw fixation (TAF) with interspinous wiring has been the best treatment for atlantoaxial instability (AAI). However, several factors may disturb satisfactory placement of bilateral screws. This study evaluates the usefulness of unilateral TAF when bilateral TAF is not available. Between January 2003 and December 2007, TAF was ...
Akel Ibrahim - - 2009
C57BL6 mice are melatonin deficient from birth and have been shown to develop scoliosis when rendered bipedal. Our previous work suggested that tamoxifen and trifluoperozine may change the natural course of scoliosis in a chicken model. The objective of this study was to analyze whether the incidence of scoliosis or ...
Moorthy Ranjith K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess changes in cervical spine curvature following occipitocervical fusion (OCF) in the pediatric population. METHODS: In a retrospective study, the angle of sagittal curvature and whole cervical spine alignment were determined in the preoperative, immediate postoperative, and follow-up radiographs in 14 patients (<20 years of ...
Pitton Michael Bernhard - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate geometrical stability and preservation of height gain of vertebral bodies after percutaneous vertebroplasty during 2 years' follow-up and to elucidate the geometric remodeling process of the vertebral bidisk unit (VDU) of the affected segment. Patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with pain ...
Smyrnis Panayiotis N - - 2009
Existing predictive signs as available in current literature may miss potential proximal thoracic (PT) curve deterioration and shoulder imbalance, following selective main thoracic (MT) curve correction in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The present study is an attempt to evaluate and complement these signs, through a retrospective study of 56 AIS ...
Uribe Juan S - - 2009
Retrospective comparative study of 80 consecutive patients treated with either anterior cervical discectomy fusion (ACDF) or anterior cervical corpectomy fusion (ACCF) for multi-level cervical spondylosis. To compare clinical outcome, fusion rates, and complications of anterior cervical reconstruction of multi-level ACDF and single-/multi-level ACCF performed using titanium mesh cages (TMCs) filled ...
Ofiram Elisha - - 2009
To date, there have been no published studies of the degenerative changes in the cervical spine in adult idiopathic scoliosis patients with thoracic and lumbar curves severe enough to require major reconstructive surgery. The primary study group was 48 adult patients who had previously undergone a fusion from T10 or ...
Liu Shaoyu - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study on selected consecutive patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of an innovative operative technique called monosegmental transpedicular fixation for the treatment of some thoracolumbar burst fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Short-segment pedicle screw instrumentation is accepted by many spinal surgeons as an acceptable technique ...
Cho Kyu-Jung - - 2009
There is a debate regarding the distal fusion level for degenerative lumbar scoliosis. Whether a healthy L5-S1 motion segment should be included or not in the fusion remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal indication for the fusion to the sacrum, and to compare the ...
Larsson Eva-Lena - - 2009
In a prospective study, 23 consecutive girls with Rett syndrome and neuromuscular scoliosis were evaluated for functioning at a long-term follow-up. The patients had mostly improved, which was confirmed by their parents. Rett syndrome is associated with neuromuscular scoliosis and has a typically long C-shaped thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis. Prospective long-term follow-up ...
Topuz Kivanç - - 2009
Interbody cages are widely used instruments for cervical fusion operations. Long-term follow-up studies are needed to clarify if these devices are dependable. In this prospective study, 79 patients (42 women and 37 men) with a mean age of 51 years operated between January 2000 and December 2005 for treatment of ...
Faundez Antonio A - - 2009
Abundant data are available for direct anterior/posterior spine fusion (APF) and some for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), but only few studies from one institution compares the two techniques. One-hundred and thirty-three patients were retrospectively analyzed, 68 having APF and 65 having TLIF. All patients had symptomatic disc degeneration of ...
Weiss Hans-Rudolf - - 2009
In contemporary literature few have written in detail on the in-brace correction effects of braces used for the treatment of hyperkyphosis. Bradford et al. found their attempts effective, treating Scheuermann's kyphosis with Milwaukee braces, but their report did not specifically focus on in-brace corrections. White and Panjabi's research attempted to ...
Negrini Stefano - - 2009
The SRS criteria give the methodological reference framework for the presentation of bracing results, while the SOSORT criteria give the clinical reference framework for an appropriate bracing treatment. The two have not been combined in a study until now. Our aim was to verify the efficacy of a complete, conservative ...
Mavrogenis Andreas F - - 2009
Fifty consecutive patients with posterior thoracolumbar spine fusion were included in a prospective study to determine the accuracy of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) for safe pedicle screw placement using postoperative computed tomography (CT). The patients were allocated into two equal groups. Pedicle screw placement was evaluated intraoperatively by using the ...
Vargas-Soto H??ctor A - - 2009
A retrospective review was performed to analyze the radiographic and functional outcomes of two different surgeries to repair a pseudarthrosis following a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) procedure. Although there are several published reports on the results of the TLIF procedure, there are no reports on how to salvage a ...
Aulisa Angelo G - - 2009
The effectiveness of conservative treatment of scoliosis is controversial. Some studies suggest that brace is effective in stopping curve progression, whilst others did not report such an effect.The purpose of the present study was to effectiveness of Progressive Action Short Brace (PASB) in the correction of thoraco-lumbar curves, in agreement ...
Sarlak Ahmet Yilmaz - - 2009
Retrospective study. To evaluate the radiological results of fusion with segmental pedicle screw fixation in juvenile idiopathic scoliosis with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Progression of spinal deformity after posterior instrumentation and fusion in immature patients has been reported by several authors. Segmental pedicle screw fixation has been shown to be ...
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