Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 984
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Lysy J - - 1992
The effect of duodenal ulcer healing induced by omeprazole on gastroduodenal generation of eicosanoids, platelet-activating factor (PAF), pepsinogen A, and gastrin was evaluated. Sixty patients with endoscopically proven duodenal ulcer were randomized to receive 20 mg omperazole once daily or 300 mg ranitidine at bedtime for 2 weeks. Patients whose ...
Guslandi M - - 1992
48 patients in whom previous endoscopic signs of chronic gastritis had been abolished by treatment with either 1 g sucralfate three times daily or 40 mg famotidine at night were followed up for 3 months without further therapy. Cumulative endoscopic relapse rates at 3 months were 21.7% in the sucralfate ...
Hetzel D J - - 1992
Reflux oesophagitis is a chronic relapsing disorder. When treatment is stopped after successful short-term healing of oesophagitis, high relapse rates (80% within 6 months) indicate that prolonged treatment is necessary in order to maintain remission. The results of three long-term, multicentre, controlled, double-blind clinical trials comparing different regimens of omeprazole ...
- - 1992
This multicenter, prospective, randomized, open, long-term study compares sucralfate (2 g daily) with ranitidine (150 mg daily) and no treatment in gastric ulcer (GU). We report the results of the second year of a scheduled 3-year follow-up, the outcome of the 1st year has been reported earlier. The 24-month follow-up ...
Bell N J - - 1992
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is a common condition with a complex pathophysiology. Despite the spectrum of abnormalities, gastric acid has a central role in mucosal damage, and the mainstay of medical treatment is suppression of gastric acid secretion. The results of antisecretory treatment as assessed by endoscopic healing are reviewed. H2 ...
Vermeijden J R - - 1992
A double-blind, multicenter, randomized study was performed in 75 patients with endoscopically documented reflux esophagitis. Patients were randomly given 1 g sucralfate four times a day or the combination of sucralfate three times a day and 300 mg ranitidine after dinnertime. Endoscopy was performed at the beginning of the study, ...
Baki A - - 1991
In this study we presented 92 cases with regional lymphadenitis (over 1 cm in diameter) which was caused by BCG vaccination generally performed a few days after birth. The patients were divided into four therapy groups. In group I, the lymphadenitis in 26 cases was excised totally by a surgical ...
Toussaint J - - 1991
Altogether, 138 patients were included in a study aimed at evaluating the effect of cisapride on healing and relapse of oesophagitis shown endoscopically. In the first phase of the study cisapride was given in an open fashion at 10 mg four times a day for 8 to 16 weeks, and ...
Pan S A - - 1991
The relationship between histological maturity of healed duodenal ulcers and ulcer recurrence after 6 weeks of treatment with colloidal bismuth subcitrate or cimetidine was investigated. There was no significant difference in healing rates between colloidal bismuth subcitrate- and cimetidine-treated patients (85.7% and 71.8%, respectively; P greater than 0.05). Histologically, the ...
Bianchi-Porro G - - 1991
Forty-four patients with esophagitis refractory to standard H2-blocker therapy, who had healed after a 4- to 16-wk course with either 20-40 mg omeprazole or ranitidine at doses of 300-600 mg daily in a randomized double-blind study, commenced a 3-month maintenance course of therapy with 40 mg bid famotidine. The aims ...
Simon T J - - 1991
The tolerability of omeprazole was compared to control agents in 68 clinical studies that enrolled a total of 4846 patients, of whom 3096 received omeprazole. The incidence of adverse experiences was independent of omeprazole dose administered, the age of the patients, and the disease treated (duodenal ulcer or endoscopically verified ...
Leonard H L - - 1991
Twenty-six children and adolescents with severe primary obsessive-compulsive disorder receiving long-term clomipramine hydrochloride maintenance treatment (mean +/- SD, 17.1 +/- 8.3 months; range, 4 to 32 months) entered an 8-month double-blind desipramine hydrochloride substitution study to assess the necessity of continued drug treatment. All patients received clomipramine for the first ...
Tanaka H - - 1991
Seventy percent body surface area third-degree burns were produced in four groups of six guinea pigs each, after which all were resuscitated with Ringer's lactate solution. Group 1 received 4 ml/kg/%burn. Group 2 received 1 ml/kg/%burn with cimetidine, which was begun at 0.5 hours after burn injury. Group 3 received ...
Graham D Y - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether antimicrobial therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection accelerates the healing of duodenal ulcers. DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Veterans Affairs hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and five patients with endoscopically verified duodenal ulcers. INTERVENTION: Patients received either ranitidine, 300 mg/d, or ranitidine, 300 mg/d, plus "triple therapy" ...
Jørgensen F - - 1991
Sixty patients entered a double-blind clinical trial comparing the effect of 1 g of sucralfate granulate given four times daily and cimetidine, 400 mg twice daily. Twenty-six patients treated with sucralfate and 26 treated with cimetidine were examined with short-term pH monitoring before and after 12 weeks of treatment. Thirty ...
Henriksson R - - 1991
Sucralfate, an aluminum hydroxide complex of sulfated sucrose used in the treatment of gastric ulcer, was shown to prevent irradiation-induced diarrhea and bowel discomfort significantly in patients treated for pelvic cancer with external radiotherapy with intent to cure. The double-blind placebo-controlled study included 70 patients with carcinoma of the prostate ...
Ros E - - 1991
Forty-eight patients with erosive reflux esophagitis were allocated to either sucralfate tablets, 4 g/day, or cimetidine, 1.6 g/day, for 8 weeks in a randomized, prospective, single-blind, cross-over therapeutic trial. Pretreatment lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure and serum pepsinogen I (PG-I) levels were investigated as possible predictors of healing with either ...
Bremner C G - - 1991
Sucralfate (Sc) suspension 6 g/day and ranitidine (Rn) tablets, 150 mg, were compared in 125 patients in a double-blind, multicenter, endoscopically controlled trial in the treatment of reflux esophagitis. Inclusion criteria were symptomatic reflux (number and severity of attacks) and endoscopic evidence of esophagitis (grades 1 to 4). Clinical assessments ...
Paquet K J - - 1991
In 1984 Roark published the first report of a sucralfate treatment of esophageal ulcers after sclerotherapy. Because this was an uncontrolled trial we planned a prospective double-blind placebo-controlled study with 60 patients. After therapeutic paravariceal injection-sclerotherapy of esophageal varices, patients were randomly treated with sucralfate suspension or placebo. Time of ...
Garcia-Paredes J - - 1991
Ninety patients with endoscopically proven duodenal ulcers, enrolled in this prospective, single-blind study, were randomized to sucralfate, 1 g q.i.d., 0.5 hour before meals on an empty stomach or at bedtime, or ranitidine, 150 mg b.i.d., for 4-8 weeks (phase I). Patients who healed during the treatment period were invited ...
Asaka M - - 1991
We performed a randomized, single-blind study in Japan to investigate the efficacy and safety of two dosage regimens of sucralfate granules, 2 g, twice daily (b.i.d. group, n = 30) and 1 g, 4 times daily (q.i.d. group, n = 27), on ulcer healing in 57 patients with endoscopically proven ...
Simjee A E - - 1991
In a double-blind, randomized study, we compared the healing of gastric ulcer during a twice-daily regimen of 2 g sucralfate or sucralfate 1 g q.i.d. Patients receiving the former therapy received the tablets one-half hour before breakfast and at bedtime. Patients receiving sucralfate 1 g q.i.d. received their therapy 30 ...
Prause J U - - 1991
Sucralfate (aluminium sucrose-sulfate), a well known gastric mucosal protectant, has been tested topically on 22 patients (20 females and 2 males) suffering from primary Sjögren's syndrome. Median treatment period was 6 months (range 1-19 months). Statistically significant improvement in the ocular surface condition was found judged from the reduction in ...
Kager L - - 1991
In a Swedish double-blind multicenter study involving 143 patients, the new proton pump inhibitor omeprazole (30 mg taken as a single morning dose) was compared with ranitidine (400 mg b.i.d.). Clinical assessment and laboratory investigations were carried out at 2 and 4 weeks, and again at 6 weeks if patients ...
Archimandritis A - - 1991
Sucralfate and ranitidine were compared in the treatment of duodenal ulcer in this multicenter, randomized, double-blind study. A total of 165 patients with endoscopically proven duodenal ulceration were included in the trial and randomized to treatment with sucralfate, 2 g b.i.d. (morning and evening with an empty stomach), or ranitidine, ...
Fujimoto S - - 1991
In attempts to avoid the side-effects derived from a scald on the peritoneo-serosal surface during intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP) for advanced gastric cancer, a randomized study using cimetidine, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, was carried out on 18 patients with advanced gastric cancer. Cimetidine, 50 mg/kg, was administered intravenously and immediately ...
Guderian R H - - 1991
Pentavalent antimony has been considered to be the standard treatment for leishmaniasis, but more recently, the orally administrable agent allopurinol ribonucleoside has been the subject of several clinical trials. In this study, these two agents were evaluated in patients with Ecuadorian cutaneous leishmaniasis. Patients were randomly assigned to the two ...
Cook D J - - 1991
PURPOSE: To examine the differential effect of drugs used for stress ulcer prophylaxis on nosocomial pneumonia in critically ill patients. DATA IDENTIFICATION: Computerized bibliographic search of published and unpublished research. STUDY SELECTION: Independent review of 48 randomized controlled trials of prophylaxis identified eight relevant studies. DATA ABSTRACTION: The population, intervention, ...
Hunter J O - - 1991
The efficacy of ranitidine 150 mg twice daily and Maalox TC three tablets four times daily were compared in patients with endoscopically confirmed duodenal ulcer. Seventy-nine patients were randomly allocated to double-blind, double-dummy treatment, stratified for smokers. Endoscopy was repeated after four weeks. Those unhealed continued treatment for a further ...
Vincent R D RD - - 1991
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether 360 ml of oral clear liquids consumed within 4 hours of elective surgery worsens gastric volume and acidity in patients given acid aspiration prophylaxis. DESIGN: Randomized, unblinded study. SETTING: Main operating room at a U.S. military hospital. PATIENTS: Eighty-three adult inpatients scheduled to receive general ...
Lamothe P H - - 1991
To determine the comparative efficacy of several histamine (H2)-receptor antagonists (cimetidine, famotidine, and ranitidine) and the antacid Mylanta-II (Stuart Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE) in gastric pH control and the prevention of postoperative stress ulceration, a prospective, randomized study was performed in a homogeneous population of patients with elective coronary artery bypass. ...
Valenzuela J E - - 1991
To assess the comparative efficacy of omeprazole 20 mg, a proton pump inhibitor, versus ranitidine 150 mg twice a day, an H2-receptor antagonist, in healing duodenal ulcers we performed a randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial in 309 patients with endoscopically diagnosed ulcers. Patients were treated for up to four weeks and ...
Walt R P - - 1991
Roxatidine acetate is a new histamine H2-antagonist of about twice the potency of ranitidine on a weight-for-weight basis. Two hundred and thirty-two patients participated in a double-blind randomized trial of duodenal ulcer healing comparing 300 mg ranitidine nocte with 150 mg roxatidine nocte. Endoscopy was repeated fortnightly to 4 weeks ...
Larrain A - - 1991
Patients presenting to a chest clinic because of adult-onset wheezing with no history of allergy had a 90 percent prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux, even though reflux symptoms were mild or absent. Ninety patients were randomly assigned to receive cimetidine or an identical placebo or to undergo antireflux surgery. During a ...
Crapper McLachlan D R - - 1991
Although epidemiological and biochemical evidence suggests that aluminium may be associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD), there is no convincing proof of a causal link for aluminium in disease progression. We have completed a two year, single-blind study to investigate whether the progression of dementia could be slowed by the trivalent ...
Di Mario F F Divisione di Gastroenterologia R Farini, Padova, - - 1991
One hundred and eight patients with an endoscopically documented healed duodenal ulcer (DU) participated to a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, long-term study. The study was planned with the aim to compare the efficacy of nizatidine 150 mg with ranitidine 150 mg in preventing relapse during the 2 years following the DU ...
Madsen J E - - 1991
Biopsy specimens from the stomach and duodenum of 45 duodenal ulcer patients treated with ranitidine, misoprostol, or an antacid were examined. During 4 weeks of treatment the duodenal ulcer healed in 31 patients. The treatment regimens showed no significant effect on the amount of Helicobacter-like structures (HLS) or the presence ...
Tamura S - - 1991
Thirty-five consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic injection sclerotherapy for esophageal varices were randomly allocated to either ranitidine-administered group (18 patients) or ranitidine-nonadministered group (17 patients), in an attempt to evaluate the efficacy of ranitidine for prevention and healing of postinjection ulcer with a prospective randomized trial. Two of seventeen patients in ...
Goldin E - - 1991
We determined endogenous gastric prostaglandin synthesis and its correlation with the prevention of duodenal ulcer relapse by misoprostol and ranitidine. Sixty-one patients with recent endoscopically healed duodenal ulcer were randomly allocated in a double-blind fashion for one year of treatment with misoprostol 400 micrograms nocte, ranitidine 150 mg nocte or ...
Arora A - - 1991
Twenty-five patients with bleeding peptic ulcers were randomized to receive either ranitidine 50 mg 8 hourly i.v. (control group) or a continuous nasogastric antacid infusion at the rate of 0.5 ml/min along with an i.v. injection of cimetidine 100 mg/h (treatment group). Twelve patients were included in the control group ...
Bardhan K D - - 1991
We tested the hypothesis that the gastric H+/K+ adenosine triphosphatase inhibitor, omeprazole, because of its different mode of action and pronounced inhibitory effect on gastric acid secretion, may be more effective in peptic ulcer that is refractory to histamine H2 receptor antagonist treatment than continuing the same therapy. Altogether 107 ...
Bianchi Porro G - - 1991
A 24-week, double-blind, randomized study at 13 centres compared the efficacy and safety of 20 mg famotidine nocte and 150 mg ranitidine h.s. for the prevention of duodenal ulcer recurrence. All participants had been successfully treated for an acute duodenal ulcer with 40 mg famotidine nocte. Patients were endoscoped at ...
Lauritsen K - - 1991
In a double-blind, parallel-group clinical trial of 195 patients with duodenal ulcers who after a short-term study had relief of pain and healed ulcers proved endoscopically, 65 were randomized to receive 20 mg omeprazole 3 days a week (once in the morning from Friday to Sunday), 64 to receive 10 ...
Yap C K - - 1991
An open comparative trial of nizatidine in the treatment of duodenal ulcer (DU) was carried out with cimetidine as control. Forty-three patients with endoscopically proven DU were recruited into the study. Twenty-three patients were assigned to treatment with nizatidine 300 mg daily and 20 patients (controls) were on cimetidine 800 ...
Bank S - - 1991
The subjects of this multicenter study were 160 patients with endoscopically confirmed active duodenal ulcers, randomly assigned to receive 40 mg of famotidine or 300 mg of ranitidine nightly for four to eight weeks. During a subsequent six-month maintenance treatment phase, the patients received 20 mg of famotidine or 150 ...
Savarino V - - 1991
To assess whether there is rebound of gastric acidity after a short-term course of H2-receptor antagonists, we performed a 24-h in situ pH monitoring on 17 duodenal ulcer patients before, during, and after completing 4 wks' treatment with nizatidine 300 mg at bedtime (2200 h). Three around-the-clock continuous intragastric pH-metries ...
Gerris J - - 1991
The possible effect of Mesterolone (Schering N.V., Brussels, Belgium) (1 alpha-methyl-5-alpha-androstane-17 beta-ol-3-one) on semen quality and fertility of men with idiopathic oligoasthenospermia and/or teratozoospermia has been evaluated in a double-blind trial. The study included 52 patients who were treated during 12 months with either 150 mg/d of Mesterolone or placebo. ...
Elsborg L - - 1991
Sixty patients with endoscopically verified oesophagitis entered a double-blind clinical study comparing 1 g sucralfate granulate given four times daily and 400 mg cimetidine twice daily. The efficacy, as judged by endoscopy and the symptomatic response, were studied after 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment. Macroscopic healing of oesophagitis ...
Morris R W - - 1991
Prophylaxis of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding by control of gastric pH has been widely advocated for intensive care patients. H2-blockers and antacids have been used and demonstrated to be incompletely effective at maintaining gastric pH above 4. A study of 100 patients measured the efficacy of two-hourly gastric pH measurement ...
Murray F E - - 1991
A double blind clinical trial was performed to evaluate the effect of weight loss and cimetidine in the treatment of reflux oesophagitis. Thirty-two patients were evaluated by endoscopy, L.O.S.P. determination, oesophageal scintigraphy and ambulatory 24 hour oesophageal pH monitoring. Patients were randomly allocated into treatment using a regimen of placebo/weight ...
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