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Results 101 - 150 of 983
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Zodpe Prakash - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of sucralfate in influencing throat pain, otalgia, analgesic requirement, bleeding, mucosal recovery, and incidence of postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. DESIGN: A prospective double-blind randomized study. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary referral hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome requiring uvulopalatopharyngoplasty were recruited ...
Van Brummelen R - - 2007
The objective of the study was to test L-methioinine as a possible immune supportive supplement in HIV infected patients by means of a clinical study. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study was designed. The patients (n = 253) from four different trial centres were randomly divided into two groups, active and placebo, ...
Sharquie Khalifa E - - 2006
This was a randomized, controlled, double-blind trial of zinc sulfate in the treatment of Behcet's disease. Patients with Behcet's disease were recruited in this study between November 2001 and February 2003. A clinical manifestations index (CMI) was calculated for each patient. Serum zinc was estimated in all patients both at ...
Sharquie Khalifa E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a skin problem not uncommonly encountered world-wide. There is a need for an effective and well-tolerated treatment for this disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and side-effects of zinc sulfate in rosacea in a randomized, controlled, double-blind trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with rosacea who attended the ...
Hong Jeong-Yeon - - 2006
This prospective, randomized, double-blinded study was performed to evaluate the effects of intravenous metoclopramide and ranitidine on preoperative gastric contents in outpatients receiving intravenous anesthesia for laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. Fifteen minutes before the induction of anesthesia, the Z-M group (n=20) received 50 mg ranitidine and 10 mg metoclopramide intravenously and ...
Rossignol Jean-François - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of nitazoxanide for the treatment of diarrhea and enteritis caused by Cryptosporidium species in patients 12 years of age and older. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in 90 outpatients 12 years of age ...
Sharma Ashimav Deb - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hand eczema due to nickel sensitivity is a challenging task for the dermatologist. The average human diet provides sufficient amount of nickel, which acts as a provocating factor in nickel-sensitive individuals. When such patients are treated with steroid or other immunosuppressives, only short-term remission is obtained. This is because ...
Rutgeerts Paul - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic substudy of the ACCENT I (A Crohn's Disease Clinical Trial Evaluating Infliximab in a New Long-term Treatment Regimen) Crohn's disease trial examined the effects of infliximab on mucosal inflammation and mucosal healing, and assessed their impact on outcomes. DESIGN: ACCENT I was a randomized, double-blind, parallel group ...
Mansour-Ghanaei Fariborz F Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Sardar-Jangle Ave, Razi Hospital, Rasht 41448 - 95655, Iran. - - 2006
To determine the efficacy and potential complications of oral naltrexone used in the treatment of pruritus in cholestatic patients and to compare them with other studies. Thirty-four enrolled cholestatic patients complaining of pruritus were studied. In the initial phase, pruritus scores during day and night were evaluated. Subsequently, patients were ...
Sewell L - - 2006
The evidence of benefit for pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programmes is established. However, the optimal duration of a PR programme is not known. A randomised controlled trial was undertaken in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to assess whether a 4 week PR programme was equivalent to our conventional 7 ...
Hata Mitsumasa - - 2006
To evaluate the efficacy of a proton pump inhibitor, we retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent gastric fiberscopy (GFS) in the early phase after cardiac surgery. The subjects were 103 patients who underwent GFS for poor appetite, gastric pain, heartburn, or hematemesis after cardiac surgery. We divided the patients into two ...
Rodriguez F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Treatment regimens with specific immunotherapy include updosing. Due to excellent tolerance of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT), it was hypothesized that administration of once-daily SLIT could be initiated safely without updosing. The objective was to evaluate tolerability of SLIT administered once daily without updosing. METHODS: 135 patients suffering from allergic rhinitis ...
Khoshbaten Manouchehr - - 2006
Gastrointestinal bleeding is a common problem and its most common etiology is peptic ulcer disease. Ulcer rebleeding is considered a perilous complication for patients. To reduce the rate of rebleeding and to fasten the improvement of patients' general conditions, most emergency departments in Iran use H2-blockers before endoscopic procedures (i.e. ...
Barton Debra L DL Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2006
Published data regarding the negative risk-benefit ratio of traditional estrogen/progesterone hormone replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms have indicated the need for alternative treatments. Dietary supplements and herbal products are popularly used for menopausal control without a large evidence base. Therefore, a prospective pilot trial using 50 mg of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) ...
Marteau P - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early endoscopic recurrence is frequent after intestinal resection for Crohn's disease. Bacteria are involved, and probiotics may modulate immune responses to the intestinal flora. Here we tested the probiotic strain Lactobacillus johnsonii LA1 in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled ...
Loprinzi Charles L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: While newer antidepressants, such as venlafaxine and paroxetine, substantially decrease hot flashes, there is no published information with regards to whether a different antidepressant will be effective when one antidepressant does not adequately relieve hot flashes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this trial was to provide pilot information with regards ...
Hirota Kazuyoshi - - 2005
We previously reported that H2-antagonist medication given for longer than 4 wk may produce complete tolerance to preanesthetic H2 antagonist therapy. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of preanesthetic proton pump inhibitor (PPI; oral rabeprazol) use in patients receiving regular H2-antagonist (oral famotidine) therapy for more than 4 wk. ...
Sanada Seiko - - 2005
Many patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria are not sufficiently controlled with histamine H(1)-receptor antagonists. Leukotriene receptor antagonists have been reported to be effective for certain cases of urticaria, although their proper application remains to be established. To study the effectiveness of montelukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, for the treatment of ...
Veldhuyzen van Zanten Sander J O - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The management of Helicobacter pylori negative patients with dyspepsia in primary care has not been studied in placebo-controlled studies. METHODS: H. pylori negative patients with dyspepsia symptoms of at least moderate severity (> or =4 on a seven-point Likert scale) were recruited from 35 centers. Patients were randomized to ...
Norman Hansen A - - 2005
One option for patients with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is treatment with proton pump inhibitors without prior endoscopy. Continuous or on-demand maintenance therapy are options for symptom-free patients. This study assessed the efficacy of three different treatment options in GERD patients in Norway. About 395 General Practitioners enrolled ...
Avgerinos Alec - - 2005
Gastric acid inhibition is beneficial in the management of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). The aim of this double-blind study was to test whether somatostatin (SST) increases intragastric pH in PUB as compared with pantoprazole (PAN) and placebo (PLA). Eligible patients were randomized to receive SST (500 microg/h+250 microg bolus), or ...
Kishi Kazumasa - - 2005
A double-blind comparative study was conducted on cedar pollinosis patients in order to evaluate the treatment efficacy of apple polyphenol (Ap). Ap was administered (500 mg) once daily for 12 weeks, starting about 2 weeks prior to cedar pollen dispersion. Pollinosis symptoms during the study were evaluated according to the ...
Conrad Steven A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that a new immediate-release omeprazole oral suspension is effective in preventing upper gastrointestinal bleeding in critically ill patients. DESIGN: A noninferiority analysis was used to compare rates of clinically significant upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a prospective, phase 3, double-blind trial with parallel omeprazole suspension and cimetidine treatment ...
Wegman A C M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines are frequently prescribed for sleep disturbances. However, benzodiazepines are associated with side effects, and may be ineffective when used for a prolonged period of time. OBJECTIVES: To investigate for individual patients whether placebo was as effective as temazepam, or whether 10 mg was as effective as 20 mg ...
Gagiano Carllo - - 2005
RATIONALE: Function in society can be severely affected by disruptive behaviors in adults. OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy and safety of risperidone in the treatment of disruptive behavior disorders in intellectually disabled adults. METHODS: Intellectually disabled patients with disruptive behavior disorder were randomly assigned to receive risperidone (n = 39) ...
Jayawardena M H S - - 2005
We conducted a randomised single centre double blind cross over clinical trial to investigate the effects of a herbal tea containing Salacia reticulata (Kothala Himbutu tea) in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. Fifty-one patients with type II diabetes mellitus for longer than 6 months and with evidence of stable ...
Croom Katherine F - - 2005
Lansoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that inactivates the H(+)/K(+)-ATPase pump in parietal cells, thus inhibiting gastric acid secretion and increasing intragastric pH. In an open-label, uncontrolled trial in children aged 1-11 years with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), treatment with lansoprazole 15 or 30 mg (depending on weight) once daily ...
Higuchi K - - 2005
Ranitidine has been found to have anti-inflammatory action as well as antisecretory action in experimental models. However, there are no reports in human gastric ulcer. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ranitidine compared with those of famotidine on the quality of gastric ulcer healing. We ...
Spielberger Ricardo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is a complication of intensive chemotherapy and radiotherapy with no effective treatment. We tested the ability of palifermin (recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor) to decrease oral mucosal injury induced by cytotoxic therapy. METHODS: This double-blind study compared the effect of palifermin with that of a placebo on ...
Törüner Murat - - 2004
Proton pump inhibitors have been widely used in recent years. However, there are studies suggesting that proton pump inhibitors may not control the gastric acidity effectively during the night, especially in gastroesophageal reflux disease. It has therefore been suggested that H2 receptor blockers should be added to the therapy. The ...
Seltzer Ben - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of donepezil in patients with early-stage Alzheimer disease. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, 24-week, placebo-controlled study that enrolled patients with early-stage Alzheimer disease. Patients were randomized in an approximately 2:1 ratio to donepezil, 5 mg/d, for the first 6 weeks, with a forced escalation to 10 ...
Kneebone Andrew - - 2004
PURPOSE: To assess whether oral sucralfate is effective in preventing late rectal injury in prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial was conducted across four institutions in Australia. Patients receiving definitive radiotherapy for prostate cancer were randomized to receive either 3 g of ...
Di Lorenzo Gabriele - - 2004
H 1 -receptor antagonists are considered to be particularly effective in reducing pruritus, and they are therefore recommended as first-line treatment in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU). Recently, antileukotriene receptors have been used in patients with CIU, either administered as monotherapy or combined with H 1 -receptor antagonists. We ...
Denys Damiaan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) are the most effective pharmacologic treatment currently available for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), 40% to 60% of patients do not respond to this treatment. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of quetiapine in addition to an SRI for treatment-refractory ...
Safarinejad M R - - 2004
To determine effectiveness and safety of colchicine in Peyronie's disease. In all, 84 patients with Peyronie's disease who did not have calcified plaque were entered into study. The mean disease duration was 15 months. A medical history was obtained, and physical examination, penile X-ray, and dynamic penile duplex ultrasound were ...
Huq Zahid-Ul - - 2004
This UK multicenter, noncomparative, open-trial study assessed risperidone in 74 first-psychotic-episode patients (DSM-IV schizophrenia) treated with flexible doses. Treatment commenced at 1 mg/day, increasing to 2 mg after 3 days; then adjusted to 8 mg/day maximum. Treatment duration was 12 weeks (Phase 1) with follow-up of 62 patients to 1 ...
Buckley Peter F - - 2004
With the majority of current information being derived from short-term clinical trials, the impact of atypical antipsychotics during maintenance treatment of schizophrenia is of considerable interest, although only limited data are available at present. The present report is an analysis of data that are available up to 156 weeks after ...
Khatami Sayed Saeid - - 2004
A 49-year-old man presented with a 3-week history of vomiting and diarrhea. He reported foamy stools but no blood or melena and had crampy epigastric pain. He denied usage of antibiotics. He had been taking ranitidine for intermittent epigastric pain for the last few months and noted an 11-pound weight ...
Miner P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pouchitis is the major long-term complication of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. The incidence of pouchitis is as high as 50% several years after surgery. Two-thirds of pouchitis patients suffer recurrence. Of those who recur, one-quarter suffer from chronic, unremitting pouchitis. Current treatments for this disorder are disappointing. ...
van Zyl J - - 2004
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a prevalent disease associated with a high symptom burden and a reduced quality of life. This multicenter, randomized, double-blind study compared relief from key GERD symptoms (heartburn, acid eructation, and pain on swallowing) and from other gastrointestinal symptoms (epigastric pain, vomiting, nausea, flatulence, retching, and ...
Russo Roberto - - 2003
In order to evaluate the efficacy of soya isoflavones (genistein and daidzein) in the treatment of the principal menopausal disorders, a double blind randomized study was performed on a sample of 50 women (with an average age of 53.3 +/- 3.1 years) with Climacteric syndrome referred to the I Clinica ...
Richardus Jan H - - 2003
Reactions in leprosy causing nerve function impairment (NFI) are increasingly treated with standardized regimens of corticosteroids, often under field conditions. Safety concerns led to an assessment of adverse events of corticosteroids, based on data of three trials studying prevention of NFI (the TRIPOD study). A multicentre, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial ...
Russman Barry S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Severe spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) (Werdnig-Hoffmann disease, acute SMA, and SMA I) is a disease of the motor neuron characterized by onset before 6 months of age, failure ever to achieve sitting without support, and a life expectancy of 2 years or less. There is no known treatment for ...
Nayak Anjuli - - 2003
Two randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind studies have shown clinical benefit with omalizumab (Xolair), a recombinant humanized monoclonal anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody, at a dose of 300 mg every 3 or 4 weeks in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis. The present open-label, 12-week study was designed to assess the safety and tolerability ...
Mukaddes Nahit Motavallý - - 2003
The purpose of the present study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of citalopram in the acute treatment of children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) during an 8-week, open-label study. Fifteen patients (six female, nine male) with a mean age of 12.1 +/- 3.3 years (range: 6-17 ...
Bardhan K D - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This prospective cohort observational study, set in a district hospital, presents our experience (1976-1993) of duodenal ulcer refractory to histamine H2 receptor antagonists (defined as not healed after 3 months' treatment) and comments on onset, outcome and spontaneous decline. METHODS: Patients were treated mainly with cimetidine, the ...
Halliburton Murphy - - 2003
This paper considers the significance of the positive and negative aesthetic qualities of different therapies--in other words, how "pleasant" (a term that is elaborated in the paper) it is to undergo various treatments. Interviews were conducted with patients undergoing three forms of healing for mental illness and related problems in ...
Pilotto A - - 2003
No placebo-controlled clinical trials have yet been published on the efficacy of therapy in older subjects with oesophagitis. To evaluate the efficacy of pantoprazole in preventing the recurrence of oesophagitis in elderly subjects. One hundred and sixty-four patients aged 65 years and over with acute oesophagitis were treated openly with ...
Yokoyama Masataka - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Calcium deposits of the shoulder may persist for many years with resulting pain and impairment of mechanical function. The effects of different treatments vary significantly and do not show consistent and reliable long-term results. Cimetidine decreases calcium levels and improves symptoms in patients with hyperparathyroidism. We evaluated ...
Meropol Neal J - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) when administered with fluorouracil (FU) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (N = 81) received KGF by intravenous (IV) bolus on days 1 to 3, followed by FU 425 mg/m2/d IV bolus plus leucovorin ...
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