Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 985
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Palmer R H - - 1990
Although H2-receptor antagonists have been the mainstay of therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), none of these agents has been approved by the FDA as effective in healing lesions. Since proton pump inhibitors may be associated with long-term disadvantages, a healing regimen with cimetidine would be useful clinically. This multicenter, ...
Andersen J - - 1990
Seventy-two patients fulfilling the DSM-III criteria for schizophrenia and schizophreniform psychosis were admitted to a multicentre, double-blind controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of remoxipride in comparison to haloperidol. The mean daily dose of remoxipride at the end of treatment was 353 mg and of haloperidol, 11 mg. ...
Torisu M - - 1990
To examine the clinical efficacy and the mechanism of action of polysaccharide K (PSK), a protein-bound polysaccharide extracted from a Basidiomycetes fungus, a randomized double-blind trial was performed by administering PSK to 56 patients and a placebo to another group of 55 patients after surgical operations on their colorectal cancers. ...
Dent J - - 1990
Two multicentre clinical trials of omeprazole in peptic oesophagitis were recently completed in Australia. In the first trial, omeprazole, 20 or 40 mg daily (n = 31), was compared with placebo (n = 32) in 63 patients. After 4 weeks, 81% of the omeprazole-treated patients were healed, as determined endoscopically, ...
Wålinder J - - 1990
An international clinical trial programme was undertaken to evaluate the clinical safety and tolerability of remoxipride during a 12 month long-term study and to evaluate safety, tolerability and efficacy of remoxipride for up to 6 months in a double-blind comparison with haloperidol. A total of 145 patients were treated with ...
Takemoto T - - 1989
The efficacy of ranitidine (150 mg nocte), and sucralfate (1 g tds) as maintenance therapy to prevent gastric ulcer relapse was evaluated in a 12 month trial in 363 patients. The relapse rates were 8.8% at three months, 14.7% at six months, 18.1% at nine months, and 21.0% at 12 ...
Frank W O - - 1989
This multicentre, double-blind study evaluated the efficacy of cimetidine 800 mg nocte compared to placebo for ulcer healing and pain relief in patients with endoscopically confirmed, benign gastric ulcers treated for up to 8 weeks. Cimetidine accelerated ulcer healing throughout the study. More cimetidine-treated patients (35 of 82, 43%) than ...
Cruickshank R H - - 1989
Gastric pH and volume were measured in 87 patients who had received i.v. omeprazole (a new gastric antisecretory agent) 40 mg or placebo 1 or 3 h before surgery. Omeprazole increased the pH of gastric contents in the majority of patients. Administration 1 h before surgery produced greater gastric pH ...
Bardhan K D - - 1989
Enprostil, a prostaglandin E2 analogue, is effective in healing acute duodenal ulcer but its value in preventing recurrence, when given daily for maintenance therapy, is uncertain. In this three-centre study we compared enprostil and ranitidine maintenance therapy; the latter is known to reduce duodenal ulcer relapse rates. Patients whose duodenal ...
Cochran K M - - 1989
Two hundred and eight patients with benign gastric ulcers seen on endoscopy were recruited by 13 hospitals in the United Kingdom and Ireland into this double-blind study. Patients were assigned by pre-randomized schedule to 8 weeks of treatment with either 40 mg famotidine at night or 150 mg ranitidine b.d. ...
Bate C M - - 1989
In a randomised, double blind, parallel group study in patients with symptomatic gastric ulcer (94% greater than or equal to 5 mm diameter), 102 received omeprazole 20 mg om and 87 cimetidine 400 mg bd. After four weeks 73% and 58% (p less than 0.05) respectively had healed (eight weeks: ...
Riley S A - - 1989
Sucralfate is well established in the treatment of upper gastrointestinal inflammation and ulceration, and preliminary evidence suggests it may be of benefit in active colitis. We have therefore undertaken a clinical trial to compare enemas of sucralfate (4 g) and prednisolone metasulphobenzoate (20 mg) in the treatment of active distal ...
Lacroix J - - 1989
A meta-analysis was performed of 15 randomized studies on the prophylaxis with cimetidine and/or ant-acids of upper GI bleeding acquired in the ICU. There were eight comparisons of a group receiving cimetidine with a control group, nine comparisons of a group receiving antacids with a control group, and ten comparisons ...
Jaszewski R - - 1989
Twenty-three patients chronically ingesting plain aspirin or nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, who had endoscopically proven solitary or multiple gastric ulcers, were treated for eight weeks with cimetidine and antacids. Plain aspirin and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs were discontinued in all patients. Seven patients received enteric-coated aspirin throughout the treatment phase and continuously ...
Frank W O - - 1989
A study was performed in 57 healthy volunteers to determine the effectiveness of cimetidine on reducing gastrointestinal (GI) mucosal lesions and symptoms induced by indomethacin. Endoscopic evidence of gastroduodenal injury and various GI symptoms appeared within 4 days after initiation of indomethacin therapy (50 mg TID) alone. Concomitant therapy with ...
Cherner J A - - 1989
Nizatidine, a new H2-receptor antagonist for the treatment of duodenal ulcer disease, was compared with cimetidine in an 8-wk, randomized, double-blind, multicenter clinical trial. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either nizatidine 300 mg h.s. or cimetidine 800 mg h.s. Patients were treated for 8 wk, regardless of the healing ...
Bogod D G - - 1989
Fifteen patients who underwent elective Caesarean section were given sodium citrate, either alone or combined with oral cimetidine or ranitidine, as antacid premedication. No significant differences in time to 25 or 50% recovery of the first twitch of a train-of-four after administration of suxamethonium were found between any of the ...
Martin F - - 1989
Sucralfate suspension 1 g/10 ml four times per day was found to be significantly better than placebo for the healing of active duodenal ulcer. An eight-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group multicenter study was conducted. A total of 292 patients were evaluated. Ulcer healing was evaluated by endoscopy and symptom assessment ...
Tovey F I - - 1989
A total of 46 patients with duodenal ulcer were randomly assigned, without the knowledge of the investigators, to treatment with cimetidine 200 mg three times daily and 400 mg at night or sucralfate 1 g four times daily followed by one year of maintenance treatment with cimetidine 400 mg at ...
Herrerias-Gutierrez J M - - 1989
This clinical study compared the healing capacities of sucralfate and ranitidine in the treatment of gastric ulcer. Sixty patients were assigned at random to treatment with either sucralfate (1 g four times per day) or ranitidine (150 mg twice per day). The patients underwent endoscopy before inclusion in the study, ...
Marks I N - - 1989
One hundred seventeen patients with recently healed duodenal ulcers were entered into a one-year maintenance study. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment with sucralfate 2 g at night, cimetidine 400 mg, or placebo. The sucralfate versus placebo leg of the study was double-blind, whereas the cimetidine leg was single-blind. Endoscopy ...
Paakkonen M - - 1989
Eighty-eight patients with endoscopically proven and healed duodenal or pyloric ulcer were randomly allocated into a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-month maintenance trial to determine whether sucralfate, 1 g twice daily, can be used to prevent a recurrence of ulceration. The patients were assessed endoscopically at three, six, and 12 months, or ...
Hjortrup A - - 1989
A double-blind, randomized study compared the healing of gastric ulcer during a twice-daily regimen of 2 g sucralfate or 400 mg cimetidine. The patients received the tablets one-half hour before breakfast and one-half hour before bedtime. The study included 76 patients with endoscopically proven gastric ulcer. Patients with ulcers less ...
Koelz H R - - 1989
Healing and relapse of acute duodenal ulcer were investigated in an endoscopically controlled multicenter study using a double-blind design. Patients with acute uncomplicated duodenal ulcer were randomly assigned to treatment with sucralfate (1 g four times per day) or ranitidine (150 mg twice per day) for four to eight weeks. ...
Grant S M - - 1989
Ranitidine, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, is now well established as a potent inhibitor of gastric acid secretion effective in the treatment and prophylaxis of gastrointestinal lesions aggravated by gastric acid secretion. Therapeutic trials involving several thousands of patients with peptic ulcer disease confirm that ranitidine 300mg daily administered orally in ...
Hansell D T - - 1989
Fifty five patients with severe longstanding dyspepsia originally selected as candidates for elective duodenal ulcer surgery were instead entered into a maintenance cimetidine study. Forty six have been reviewed after 10 years. Twenty patients had required surgery, all in the first three years, but six of them had proven or ...
- - 1989
Two hundred and seventeen gastric ulcer patients whose ulcers had healed during omeprazole (30 mg) or cimetidine (1 g) treatment entered a follow-up study for 6 months. Endoscopy was performed after 6 months, or earlier if the patient had a symptomatic relapse. Both the initial treatment and the follow-up study ...
Tovey F I - - 1989
Forty six patients with endoscopically diagnosed duodenal ulceration were randomly allocated to treatment with either sucralfate 1 g qds (n = 24) or cimetidine 200 mg tds and 400 mg nocte (n = 22). When the ulcers healed, a maintenance dose of sucralfate 1 g bd or cimetidine 400 mg ...
Van Deventer G M - - 1989
After an active duodenal ulcer has healed in response to medical therapy, the rate of recurrence during the subsequent year is relatively high. We therefore enrolled 140 patients with healed duodenal ulcers in a two-year randomized, double-blind trial comparing maintenance therapy (ranitidine, 150 mg nightly) with placebo for the prevention ...
Rossini F P - - 1989
The aim of this double blind trial was to compare omeprazole 20 mg once daily with ranitidine 150 mg b.i.d. in treatment of benign gastric ulcer, evaluating both rates and histological aspects of the ulcer healing process. Eighteen patients were randomized, 9 to each treatment; one patient (ranitidine group) was ...
Overgaard J - - 1989
Between October 1979 and May 1985, 626 patients with pharynx and larynx carcinoma were randomized to two different split-course radiation regimens and given either misonidazole (MISO; 11 g/m2) or placebo during the initial 4 weeks of treatment. Patients in the different treatment groups were evenly distributed among stages. The small ...
Tam H C - - 1989
Forty-nine Chinese patients, ages 65 years or over, with endoscopically and pathologically diagnosed benign gastric ulcer, completed a randomized double-blind double dummy trial in treatment with either cetraxate 200 mg four times daily or ranitidine 150 mg two times daily for 12 weeks or less if the gastric ulcer had ...
- - 1989
To see whether omeprazole was superior to cimetidine in healing ulcers of the body of the stomach. Double blind randomised parallel group study of omeprazole versus cimetidine for six weeks with assessment of healing at end of every second week. Outpatient referrals in 11 centres in Denmark. One hundred sixty ...
Robinson M G - - 1989
The effect of ranitidine in preventing mucosal damage caused by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) was evaluated for eight weeks in a prospective study of 144 patients requiring NSAIDs. Patients with normal endoscopic findings were randomly assigned to receive either ranitidine 150 mg twice daily or placebo for eight weeks, along ...
Hui W M - - 1989
H2-Receptor antagonists and omeprazole, a H-K ATPase inhibitor, inhibit acid secretion from the parietal cells. The ultrastructural changes of the parietal cells after treatment have been described, but the changes in the mitochondrial activity which reflect the energetic metabolism were not well defined. To study the effect of omeprazole and ...
Young M D - - 1989
A large number of clinical studies have been performed to establish the safety and efficacy of H2-receptor antagonist therapy. Few if any of these studies have attempted to address the rationale for the dosage and/or dosage regimens being studied. This study is the first large-scale clinical trial, the purpose of ...
Crowe J P - - 1989
In a double-blind parallel-group study, 98 patients with symptomatic duodenal ulcer received omeprazole 20 mg o.m. and 91 cimetidine 800 mg nocte for 2 or, if then not healed, 4 weeks. After 2 weeks the healing rates on an intention-to-treat basis were: for omeprazole 62% and for cimetidine 33% (P ...
Alcalá Santaella R - - 1989
The efficacy and safety of famotidine and ranitidine in the treatment of active duodenal ulcer were compared in a multicentre, randomized, double-blind study. The study was carried out in five centres which included a total of 143 patients with endoscopically documented active duodenal ulcer. The patients received either famotidine (one ...
Miwa T - - 1989
A multicentre, randomized, double-dummy control trial compared the efficacy of two famotidine dosage regimens for the treatment of acute gastric mucosal lesions. A total of 209 patients, aged 16-85 years, were randomized to treatment with either 10 mg famotidine twice daily or a 20 mg bedtime dose. Treatment was continued ...
Brunner G - - 1989
A total of 143 patients with peptic ulceration of the duodenum, stomach or oesophagus, who did not respond to 3 or more months high-dose treatment with ranitidine (450 mg or more daily), were admitted to oral treatment with omeprazole, 40 mg/day. In 94.4% of the patients, ulcers healed within 2-6 ...
Chen P H - - 1989
In 20% of patients with duodenal ulcers, treatment is ineffective. Ulcers are considered resistant when they fail to heal following 8-12 weeks of treatment with full dose duodenal ulcer therapy. The present study reviewed the records and endoscopic findings of 73 patients who were considered by their physicians to have ...
Tulassay Z - - 1989
In a double-blind, prospective, randomized trial, the healing effect of somatostatin was compared with that of cimetidine in 67 patients with endoscopically confirmed duodenal ulcer with active bleeding (33 patients were treated with somatostatin, 34 with cimetidine). Intravenous infusion of either drug was administered for 48 or 72 h. Somatostatin ...
Simon B - - 1989
Sucralfate was evaluated in several clinical studies on reflux esophagitis, a total of over 400 patients were studied worldwide. In this study 49 patients with reflux esophagitis of stage I-III acc. to Savary and Miller were included. The evaluation was based on 41 patients, 22 received sucralfate suspension 1 g ...
Corsing C - - 1989
Data from a large number of patients (1918) treated with rioprostil, H2-antagonists and placebo, are analysed to examine the safety profile of rioprostil in the treatment of active gastric ulcer or active duodenal ulcer. Rioprostil is administered to 1000 of those patients. Patients who dropped out of the studies and ...
Bardram L - - 1989
In the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, symptoms and complications are due to hypersecretion of acid, and the first therapeutic step is to suppress the acid secretion. Long-term treatment with histamine H2-receptor antagonists was compared with omeprazole treatment. A total of 30 consecutive ZES patients were treated continuously with H2-receptor antagonists. During long-term ...
Rampal P - - 1989
One hundred and ninety duodenal ulcer patients who had relief of pain and endoscopically proven ulcer healing after a short treatment period are allocated at random to double-blind maintenance treatment with a synthetic dehydroprostaglandin-E1, rioprostil, 300 micrograms, or ranitidine, 150 mg, at bedtime for 6 months. Patients are monitored every ...
Coremans G - - 1989
This study is undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rioprostil, 300 micrograms, compared with ranitidine, 150 mg, when given twice daily for 4-6 weeks to patients with active, uncomplicated duodenal ulcer. The effects of each drug on ulcer healing are evaluated by endoscopy. Of a total of 355 ...
Wilairatana S - - 1989
Thai patients (n = 257) entered a double-blind randomized trial to compare omeprazole, 20 mg once daily, and cimetidine, 800 mg once daily for treatment of duodenal ulcer. The healing rates observed in the omeprazole and cimetidine groups were 65% versus 45% (P less than 0.01) at 2 weeks and ...
Lilja G - - 1989
Thirty-five patients (20 children and 15 adults) with animal-dander asthma completed 2 years of immunotherapy with partly purified and standardized cat- or dog-danger extracts. The first year of the study was performed double-blind with a placebo-treated control group. These 15 patients were transferred to active treatment for a second year. ...
Whorwell P J - - 1989
A preliminary analysis on a group of 182 patients participating in a large, multicentre trial comparing nocturnal rioprostil, 600 micrograms and ranitidine, 300 mg, is presented. The results are confined to the ulcer healing properties. Healing rates are 61% and 77%, respectively, at 4 weeks, and 86% and 96% at ...
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