Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1870
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Oheim Ralf - - 2012
Hip-joint empyema is a severe local infection that can cause general illness and, in the worst-case scenario, death by septic complications. For severe hip-joint infections, the Girdlestone arthroplasty has been an established treatment option for many decades. We describe functional midterm results after treatment of haematological and postoperative hip-joint infections. ...
Gilliland C Andrew - - 2011
Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of ultrasound when compared with anatomic standard injection using palpation/anatomic landmarks. Methods: PubMed, Ovid Medline/Cochrane Reviews, BIOSIS Previews, and SPORTDiscus™ databases were searched to January 2011. To narrow the search, the following key search terms were used: ultrasound, guided, injection, joint, shoulder, elbow, wrist, ...
Liepe Knut - - 2011
In this retrospective study, we evaluated the effect of radiosynovectomy of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Radiosynovectomy was performed in 577 joints of 137 rheumatoid patients. We applied 185 MBq yttrium-90 in knees (n = 58), 74-111 MBq rhenium-186 colloids in ankle (n = 50), wrists (n = 43) and shoulders (n = 35), and 15 to 37 MBq in finger (n = 298) ...
Zimlitski M - - 2011
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been primarily devised for pain free range of movement near physiological demands and even take part in sports and leisure interests along with day to day activities. Therefore we conducted an assessment on the performance of our patients after 5 years of followup. Total of ...
Feng Zhiqiang - - 2011
Our aim was to investigate the role of retention of the condylar cartilage in open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of intracapsular condylar fractures (ICFs) in growing goats by three-dimensional computed tomographic (CT) analysis. Twelve goats 6 months old were randomly divided into three groups. ICFs were created bilaterally in ...
Gabr A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare the functional outcome between the first and second knee replacement in patients undergoing staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty. We identified 64 patients who had bilateral knee replacements and had at least one year of postoperative outcome studies. Data on pain scores, walking ...
Theeven Patrick P Adelante, Centre of Expertise in Rehabilitation and Audiology, Zandbergsweg 111. - - 2011
To assess the effects of using a microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee joint on the functional performance of activities of daily living in persons with an above-knee leg amputation. To assess the effects of using a microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee joint on the functional performance of activities of daily living in persons with ...
Hendrickx Roel P M - - 2011
Despite improvement in outcome after ankle arthroplasty, fusion of the ankle joint is still considered the gold standard. A matter of concern is deterioration of clinical outcome as a result of loss of motion and advancing degeneration of adjacent joints. We performed a long-term study to address these topics. Between ...
Kawai Vivian K VK Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2011
Objective. We hypothesized that initiation of a new disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) would decrease the use of corticosteroids, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and narcotics.Methods. Using administrative databases, we assembled 4 retrospective cohorts of RA patients (1998-2005) and identified 5 groups initiating DMARD regimens: methotrexate ...
Kita Junko - - 2011
We aimed to identify whether drug-free remission could be achieved in patients with very early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with poor prognosis factors by treatment with synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Thirteen patients with very early RA, whose disease was considered to have highly erosive potential, were included. Magnetic resonance imaging ...
Niedermann Karin - - 2011
Abstract Backgiround: Joint protection (JP) education for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is effective when applying psycho-educational teaching strategies. The Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM) was used to identify relevant JP education goals and life aspects, both supporting motivation and behaviour change. The objective of this study ...
Sun Shu-Fen - - 2011
Ankle arthritis can cause substantial pain and functional limitation. Previous studies have indicated that five weekly intra-articular injections of hyaluronate were safe and effective in the treatment of ankle osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect and safety of three weekly injections of hyaluronate in patients ...
Bansal Vishal - - 2011
Objective of this prospective study was to evaluate and compare posterior auricular approach for surgery of temporomandibular joint ankylosis with preauricular approach. These evaluations were done on the basis of certain parameters like incidences of facial nerve injury, time taken to expose ankylotic mass, haemorrhage and quality of exposure of ...
Dias Carolina Náglio Kalil - - 2011
The aim of study was to evaluate the progression of the ankle articular cartilage alterations after a post-immobilization muscle stretching. Twenty-nine Wistar rats were separated into five groups: C-control, S-stretched, SR-stretch recovery, IS-immobilized and stretched, and ISR-immobilized stretched recovery. The immobilization was maintained for 4 weeks and the left ankle ...
Schaumburger Jens - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of intra-articular sodium morrhuate injections in the treatment of recurrent knee joint effusions. Ninety-eight knees of 92 patients (f = 59, m = 33) with knee arthritis of heterogeneous etiology were treated with chemical synovectomy (CSO). Of those, 39 patients suffered from ...
Peterson J D - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: In sclerotherapy, carbon dioxide (CO(2)) or room air can be employed by phlebologists for foam creation. We compared room air (RA) and carbon dioxide in treating reticular leg veins with foam sclerotherapy. METHODS: Twenty patients were randomly treated with RA- or CO(2)-created sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STS) foam. Concentration and ...
Emery Paul P Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds LS7 4SA, UK. - - 2011
To assess the efficacy and safety profiles of two different rituximab retreatment regimens in patients with RA. Four hundred and ninety-three RA patients with an inadequate response to MTX recruited into rituximab Phase II/III studies received further courses of open-label rituximab based on two approaches: (i) treatment to target (TT): ...
Janow Ginger L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine sensitivity and specificity of the physical examination (PE) for identifying synovitis in the knee and ankle joints of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and to identify cases in which ultrasound (US) screening augments the PE. METHODS: Nineteen patients with JIA were referred for US. Both knees ...
Tay Liang Xin - - 2011
Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a promising alternative form of cell-based therapy for cartilage injury. However, the capacity of MSCs for chondrogenesis has not been fully explored. In particular, there is presently a lack of studies comparing the effectiveness of MSCs to conventional autologous chondrocyte (autoC) treatment for regeneration ...
Vanlauwe Johan - - 2011
Background: Characterized chondrocyte implantation (CCI) results in significantly better early structural tissue regeneration than microfracture (MF), and CCI has a midterm clinical benefit over microfracture. Purpose: This study was undertaken to evaluate the 5-year clinical outcome of CCI in a randomized comparison with MF for the treatment of symptomatic cartilage ...
Tsuji Shigeyoshi - - 2011
We prospectively evaluated the effects of celecoxib (CEL) on the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with endoscopically identified GI mucosal injury after therapeutic switching from the long-term use of traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Upper GI endoscopy was performed on RA patients who had been treated with ...
Tanaka Yoshiya - - 2011
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors have produced improvements in clinical, radiographic, and functional outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. However, it remains unclear whether factors affecting physical functions remain following TNF therapy. The objective of our study was to assess factors affecting improvement of physical functions and to shed light ...
Munk Stig - - 2011
There is disagreement in the literature about the importance of patellofemoral joint degeneration and knee pain for the outcome of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). We therefore investigated the importance of selected predictors including patellofemoral joint degeneration and the location of preoperative knee pain for the early outcome of UKA. The ...
Domenech Ernesto - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of intra-articular injection of SonoVue (sulfur hexafluoride with a phospholipid shell; Bracco SpA, Milan, Italy) on the synovial membrane in an animal model. Methods- Twenty-one New Zealand White rabbits (42 knees) were used in this study. We injected the ...
Jacobs J W G - - 2011
The lessons from the Utrecht study on glucocorticoid therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis and of the spin-off and follow-up studies are reviewed. The data indicate that: glucocorticoids are DMARDs, the joint-sparing effect is predominantly on erosions, glucocorticoids do not influence the percentage of patients developing erosive disease, and the gain ...
Tan Y K - - 2011
Radiosynovectomy is a local and minimally invasive radiotherapy for treating various chronic inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and haemophilic arthropathy. In haemophilic arthropathy, it reduces the frequency of haemarthrosis and delays the development of severe joint destruction, which ultimately requires surgical intervention. Its role in warfarin-related haemarthrosis is ...
Sarda Praveen K - - 2011
Ten to fifteen percent of knee arthritis is reported to be isolated patellofemoral arthritis. Total knee arthroplasty is not recommended for isolated patella femoral arthritis particularly in young patients. We present the retrospective review of 45 consecutive patellofemoral replacements performed in 41 such patients, between June 2002 and January 2007. ...
Weiss Pamela F - - 2011
To describe an enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) inception cohort and determine which entheses and joints are most commonly affected. We reviewed a retrospective inception cohort study of children with ERA who were diagnosed and treated at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between November 2007 and December 2009. During the study period, ...
Chung Chooryung J - - 2011
This case report describes the successful treatment of an adult patient with skeletal Class II open-bite malocclusion secondary to idiopathic condylar resorption. Total alloplastic joint reconstruction and counterclockwise rotation of the maxillomandibular complex combined with orthodontic treatment provided a satisfying outcome with maximum functional and esthetic improvement.
Blom Marlies - - 2011
To compare the effectiveness of a third tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-blocking agent with rituximab after failure of 2 TNF-blocking agents in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in daily clinical practice. Patients receiving a third TNF-blocking agent or rituximab after failure of 2 TNF-blocking agents were selected from a Dutch biologic ...
Vogel Laura A - - 2011
Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is a common surgical option to treat painful degenerative joint disease. However, there is currently no consensus on the appropriate intensity of physical activity after TJA or how physical activity level affects the rate of revision surgery. A systematic review of the literature regarding physical or ...
Nouta Klaas-Auke - - 2012
There is renewed interest in the all-polyethylene tibial component in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Long-term results of this prosthesis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, however, are limited. Therefore, we studied 104 primary cemented all-polyethylene tibial TKA in 80 consecutive RA patients for up to 25 years to determine the long-term ...
Leung Albert - - 2011
Aim:  To evaluate the benefits of knee joint aspiration and injection in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods:  A retrospective, pilot study involved 110 patients with knee OA from a dedicated OA clinic in a Melbourne tertiary hospital from 2007 to 2009. Only those who had completed two Multiple Attribute Prioritization Tool ...
Galhardo Milene Sanches - - 2011
Mandibular condyle articular cartilage participates in condylar postnatal growth and is responsible for adaptations to anatomical and/or biomechanical alterations throughout life. In a preliminary study in rabbits, differences were observed in the thickness of the layers of articular cartilage in control animals at 5 and 6 months (generally considered adults ...
Chun Jae Myeung - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Treatment for septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular (SC) joint with concomitant osteomyelitis of the clavicle often requires joint resection rather than simple incision and drainage. We evaluated the effectiveness of resection arthroplasty for patients with septic arthritis of the SC joint. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 10 patients who underwent ...
Jo Chris Hyunchul - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study examined the accuracy of our modified anterior approach to the glenohumeral joint using arthrography. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-six consecutive patients with adhesive capsulitis received the glenohumeral joint injection: a mixture of 1 mL of 40 mg of triamcinolone hexacetonide, 2 mL of 2% lidocaine, 3 mL of ...
Kitamura Takashi - - 2011
PURPOSE: The distal interosseous membrane (DIOM) is a secondary stabilizer of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) and has a considerably variable morphology. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether innate DRUJ stability is influenced by the anatomic variation of the DIOM. METHODS: Ten fresh-frozen cadaver upper extremities were ...
Lessi Giovanna Camparis - - 2011
Patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee show a loss of functional independence due to difficulty performing tasks that require high demand of the knee joint, such as descending stairs. However, it is unclear how muscular and biomechanical changes were present in patients with OA in the early stages. Thus, ...
Karlsson Johan A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study how the choice of national EQ-5D tariff may affect utility and incremental quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) estimates. METHODS: South Swedish rheumatoid arthritis patients in an observational study, starting and continuing anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) monotherapy (n=54) or anti-TNF plus methotrexate (n=215) for 1 year during May 2002 to ...
Goubau J F - - 2011
Trapeziometacarpal instability with trapezial dysplasia is a disabling condition long before the radiological changes of osteoarthritis appear. In dysplastic joints surgical soft tissue correction fails to prevent the instability, requiring a correction of the bony anatomy. We combined two techniques described in the past, an abduction osteotomy of the first ...
Narváez Javier - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of a combination of rituximab (RTX) with either methotrexate (MTX) or leflunomide (LEF) in the treatment of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and inadequate response to anti-tumor necrosis factor agents or traditional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) in a real-world setting. METHODS: Data ...
Jiang Quan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Qingre Huoxue Decoction (, clearing heat and promoting blood flow; QRHXD), on the radiographic progression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by X-ray imaging. METHODS: Eighty-six patients with active RA diagnosed as damp-heat and blood stasis syndrome were randomized into a QRHXD group and ...
Simic M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of varying body weight support (BWS) with contralateral cane use on medial knee load, measured by external knee adduction moment (KAM), in medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) participants. Influences of cane use technique, pain and malalignment on the cane's load-reducing effects were investigated. METHOD: Participants (n=23) ...
Mihmanlı Ahmet - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term histomorphometric changes in temporomandibular joints (TMJs) of rabbits after mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO). STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-six rabbits were used in this study. Two of them served as control subjects, and the remaining 24 underwent DO procedures in their left mandibular ...
Otten Marieke H - - 2011
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of biological agents in children with enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA). All patients with ERA in whom a biological agent was initiated between 1999 and 2010 were selected from the Dutch Arthritis and Biologicals in Children (ABC) register. In this ongoing multicenter observational register, data on ...
Roukis Thomas S - - 2011
Arthrodesis of the first metatarsal-phalangeal joint (MTPJ) has been proposed for treatment of first MTPJ pathology because of the perceived safety and efficacy. Nonunion of the arthrodesis site has been purported as a common complication. The author undertook a systematic review of the electronic databases and other relevant sources to ...
Liang Jun - - 2011
This study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells transplantation (MSCT) in refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Four patients with persistently active RA underwent MSCT. The outcome was evaluated by changes in the visual analog scale (VAS 100 mm) pain score, C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation ...
Bourke Michael G - - 2011
The medial parapatellar (MP) approach in total knee arthroplasty is more common, but the subvastus (SV) approach is less insulting to the quadriceps. Whether the SV approach affords better outcomes was investigated using 90 participants with knee osteoarthritis, randomized to receive either SV or MP approaches and followed for 18 ...
Bathon J J College of Physician and Surgeons, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, P&S 10-445, New York, NY 10023, USA. - - 2011
To assess the efficacy and safety of abatacept plus methotrexate versus methotrexate alone in early erosive rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The AGREE was a 2-year phase IIIb multinational study in early (≤ 2 years) RA. During the double-blind period (year 1), patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive abatacept+methotrexate or methotrexate ...
Kume Kensuke - - 2011
To compare the respective effects of tocilizumab (TCZ) monotherapy, etanercept (ETN) monotherapy, and adalimumab (ADA) monotherapy on arterial stiffness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in an open-label, randomized controlled trial. Patients with RA were eligible if they had active disease (28-joint Disease Activity Score > 3.2) and no prior ...
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