Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1908
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Kidambi Trilokesh T Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, United - - 2012
To examine the relative prevalence and temporal variation of dysphagia etiologies in patients undergoing upper endoscopy (EGD) over the past decade. EGDs with the indication of dysphagia at an urban, university medical center in 1999, 2004 and 2009 were retrospectively identified from the electronic medical record. The entire patient chart, ...
Mamtani Rishi - - 2012
The use of recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) as a last resort for the management of coagulopathy when there is severe metabolic acidosis during large bleedings in trauma might be deemed inappropriate. The objective of this study was to identify critical degrees of acidosis and associated factors at which rFVIIa might ...
Singh H - - 2012
PURPOSE. To compare outcomes in Indian women who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using the standard Legacy Posterior Stabilised (LPS) versus the gender-specific LPS high-flexion knee prosthesis. METHODS. 100 women (200 knees) aged 60 to 80 years with an arc of flexion of ≥90º underwent simultaneous sequential TKA for primary ...
Nigar Asma - - 2012
To evaluate the role of 17 α hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHPC) in the prevention of preterm labor in high risk asymptomatic patients with a history of preterm delivery. The study included 96 patients with a singleton pregnancy and having a prior preterm birth. They were divided in 2 groups, group I ...
Ragno A - - 2012
Chronic constipation (C), among gastrointestinal symptoms, is commonly associated with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and probably attributable to hypercalcemia. To evaluate in patients affected with PHPT the prevalence of C utilizing a validated questionnaire and the current prevalence of C compared to that observed in the past and to evaluate the ...
Thawrani Dinesh - - 2012
Stiff knee gait is common among children with ambulatory cerebral palsy (CP). When surgery is indicated, rectus femoris transfer as a primary treatment enhances knee range of motion, reduces time to peak knee flexion, increases peak knee flexion, and reduces toe drag. We determined whether (1) distal rectus femoris transfer ...
Sadegh Ali - - 2012
Shivering is one of the common problems in spinal anesthesia. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of intrathecal fentanyl (25 µg) on incidence and severity of intraoperative and postoperative shivering. A double-blind randomized controlled study was conducted in eighty healthy women (ASA Physical status I) ...
Larson A Noelle - - 2012
Long-term studies have indicated good outcomes for most patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. However, clinical experience suggests that less favorable outcomes are common. We sought to prospectively document pain and function in a cohort of adults who had previously been treated nonoperatively for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. Patients in our region with Legg-Calvé-Perthes ...
Schabert V F - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that if left untreated may substantially impair physical functioning. Etanercept, infliximab, and adalimumab are tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers whose FDA-approved indications in the US include moderate to severe RA. TNF-blocker dose escalation has been well documented in the literature; however, the comparative ...
Ha Chul-Won - - 2012
BACKGROUND AIMS. TissueGene-C (TG-C) represents a cell-mediated gene therapy for localized delivery of allogeneic chondrocytes expressing transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 directly to the damaged knee joint. Untransduced human chondrocytes (hChonJ cells) have also been incorporated into the TG-C product at a 3:1 ratio with TGF-β1-expressing chondrocytes (hChonJb#7) in order to ...
Orbay Hakan H Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, - - 2012
Diced cartilage grafts are useful for dorsal nasal augmentation; however, long-term resorption usually occurs. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of adipose-derived stem cells on the viability of diced cartilage grafts. Twenty Fischer rats were divided into four groups with diced cartilage grafts wrapped in the ...
Gay David M - - 2012
Total elbow arthroplasty was originally used to treat patients with arthritis. As familiarity with total elbow arthroplasty evolved, the indications were expanded to include other disorders. There continues to be a low number of total elbow arthroplasties performed each year in comparison with hip, knee, and shoulder arthroplasties, and few ...
Nakahara Hiroyuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of current study was to evaluate recurrence of diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis (DPVNS), functional outcome, and osteoarthritic change of the knee. METHODS: Seventeen cases in 17 patients who had DPVNS of the knee that had not been previously treated were reviewed to determine the outcomes of surgical ...
Carmalt James L - - 2012
Objective-To assess the safety and efficacy of alcohol-facilitated ankylosis of the distal intertarsal (DIT) and tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints in horses with osteoarthritis (bone spavin). Design-Prospective clinical trial. Animals-21 horses with DIT or TMT joint-associated hind limb lameness and 5 nonlame horses. Procedures-11 horses (group 1) underwent lameness, force-plate, and radiographic ...
de Windt Tommy S - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to report on the clinical outcome of a large heterogenic cartilage repair population treated with the profiling strategies of one experienced cartilage surgeon to provide evidence based tools for treatment selection in a clinical environment. A total of 216 patients were identified in this ...
Wei Xiaochun - - 2012
To determine whether there is a direct correlation between the concentration of type II collagen fragment HELIX-II in synovial fluid and the severity of cartilage damage at the knee joint, 83 patients who had undergone knee arthroscopy or total knee replacement were enrolled in this study (49% women, mean ± SD age ...
Hujazi Ihab - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate the utility of Newman's classification in predicting outcomes in patients presenting with crystal arthritis. Between January and December 2009, all patients who presented to our institution with acute crystal arthritis and were investigated with microbiological assessment of their synovial fluid were included ...
Chitrakar N S - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of 25μg Misoprostol vs. 0.5mg Dinoprostone for pre-labour ripening of the cervix at-term. Methods: Nullipara or Para one women with unfavourable cervices after 37 completed weeks with live foetuses were randomized to received either 25μg intravaginal Misoprostol ...
Akhavan Akbari G - - 2012
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Trauma represents the third cause of death after cardio vascular disease and tumors. Also in Iran, road accidents are one of the leading causes of death. Rapid evaluation of trauma severity and prediction of prognosis and mortality rate and probability of survival and rapid treatment of ...
Johnson Todd C - - 2012
Routine patellar resurfacing performed at the time of knee arthroplasty is controversial, with some evidence of utility in both TKA (tricompartmental) and bicompartmental knee arthroplasty. However, whether one approach results in better implant survival remains unclear. We asked whether (1) routine patellar resurfacing in TKAs resulted in lower cumulative revision ...
Hoshiyama Eisei - - 2012
Objective There are many reports regarding the course of migraines during pregnancy. However, the prevalence and characteristics of migraines during the postpartum period have not been adequately investigated. We prospectively investigated the patients suffering from migraines over a long postpartum period in an obstetrics department in Japan. Methods We investigated ...
Lustig Sebastien - - 2012
Posttraumatic arthritis secondary to lateral tibial plateau fracture malunion causes pain and limited function for patients. It is sometimes technically challenging to correct malalignment in these patients with advanced arthritis using osteotomies. Lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) may be an option to treat such patients. We asked whether UKA for ...
Waljee Jennifer F - - 2012
Patient satisfaction is an essential measure of quality of care for rheumatoid arthritis. Prior research demonstrates that patient satisfaction improves after silicone metacarpophalangeal arthroplasty (SMPA) despite minimal change in hand function. The purpose of this study was to identify the level of objective functional recovery that yields satisfaction after SMPA. ...
Majima Tokifumi - - 2012
Boiogito (Japanese herbal medicine, Tsumura Co. Tokyo, Japan) contains sinomenin which inhibits inflammatory reactions. Since sinomenine is a principle component of the Boiogito, there is a possibility of it being effective on osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee with joint effusion. However, there is no report concerning the effectiveness of Boiogito ...
Stürup Jens - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of adverse reaction to metal on metal total hip arthroplasty using a M2a-38 articulation and a Magnum articulation, (Biomet Warsaw, Indiana).All patients who had received a Metal on Metal bearing prosthesis, in two centres in Copenhagen, were asked to ...
Parratte Sebastien - - 2012
Early studies in the literature reported relatively high early minor reintervention rate for the mobile-bearing unilateral knee arthroplasty (UKA) compared with short- and midterm survivorship after fixed- or mobile-bearing UKA. However, whether the long-term function and survivorship are similar is unclear. We therefore asked whether (1) mobile- or fixed-bearing UKAs ...
Helgadottir Solveig - - 2012
We studied potential risk factors for postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in a large cohort of patients who underwent open-heart surgery, evaluating short- and long-term outcome, and we developed a risk-assessment model of POAF. A retrospective study of 744 patients without prior history of AF who underwent CABG (n = 513), ...
Kiran H - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the effects of ovarian endometrioma on the number of oocytes retrieved for in vitro fertilization (IVF).Background: The presence of endometrioma may be the most important predictor of a poor reproductive outcome. Literature data suggest that ovarian endometriomas might affect the response to ovarian stimulation and oocyte retrieval.Methods: ...
Shigemura T - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess N-acetyl aspartate changes in the thalamus in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Nine patients with osteoarthritis of the hip (symptomatic group, nine women; mean age 61.4 years (48 to 78)) and nine healthy volunteers (control group, ...
Flowers Kenneth R - - 2012
The objective of this study was to text the validity of the so-called total end range time (TERT) theory. This theory claims that the amount of increase in passive range of motion (PROM) of a stiff joint is proportional to the amount of time the joint is held at its ...
Melnikov Andrey L - - 2012
Patients undergoing abdominal surgery often receive an epidural infusion for postoperative analgesia. However, when epidural analgesia is contraindicated or unwanted, the administration of opioids is the usual means used to relieve pain. Various regional analgesia techniques used in conjunction with systemic analgesia have been reported to reduce the cumulative postoperative ...
El Sallakh Sameh A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of the arthroscopic treatment of acute acromioclavicular dislocation using the TightRope system (Arthrex, Naples, Florida). Between January 2006 and May 2007, ten shoulders in 10 patients with acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation (Rockwood types IV and V) underwent arthroscopic acromioclavicular joint ...
Zhang Xing-Ru - - 2012
Abstract The purpose of this study was to present a new procedure to treat symptomatic conjunctivochalasis (CCh) and to evaluate its efficacy. Forty-two patients with symptomatic CCh refractory to medical management were included on this study. Twenty-two patients (n  =  32, eyes; n  =  14 women and n  =  8 ...
Katsnelson Alexander - - 2012
Two common treatments of temporomandibular joint ankylosis are gap arthroplasty and ankylosis resection and reconstruction of the ramus-condyle unit with a costochondral graft. The purpose of the present study was to answer the following clinical question: "Among patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis, do those patients who undergo gap arthroplasty, compared ...
Dager William E - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after elective total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) have been developed separately by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP). Differences exist in approaches to preventing postoperative VTE through prophylaxis.OBJECTIVE:To compare trials using vitamin ...
Bandinelli Francesca - - 2011
This study was conducted to assess ultrasound (US) and clinical changes of Baker's cyst (BC) of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) after steroid injection. Patients with knee OA complicated with symptomatic BC (40) were treated with US-guided direct (posterior) aspiration. The injection of 40 mg triamcynolone acetonide was in 20 patients ...
da Mota Licia Maria Henrique - - 2011
This study evaluates prospectively whether baseline scores [Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and SF-36] can predict clinical and radiographic evolution in a cohort of early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during a 3-year follow-up. Forty consecutive early RA patients were followed for 3 years, while receiving standardized treatment according to a pre-established protocol. HAQ ...
Ahn Jae Hoon - - 2011
The authors analyzed the results of 59 consecutive cases of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP-I) joint arthroscopy to verify the efficacy and safety of the procedure. Fifty-nine patients were followed for >18 months after MTP-I joint arthroscopic procedures. The mean duration of follow-up was 25 months. Clinically, the American Orthopaedic Foot ...
Nelissen Rob G H H - - 2011
Although the overall survival of knee and hip prostheses at ten years averages 90%, recent problems with several hip and knee prostheses have illustrated that the orthopaedic community, industry, and regulators can still further improve patient safety. Given the early predictive properties of roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) and the meticulous ...
Paxton Elizabeth W - - 2011
Several national total joint arthroplasty registries exist outside of the United States (U.S.) and have been used to compare rates and outcomes of total knee arthroplasty. Within the U.S., regional arthroplasty registries provide an opportunity to compare U.S. practices and outcomes with those of other countries. The purpose of this ...
Qiu Li - - 2011
To investigate the ablative effectiveness of microbubble-mediated ultrasonic cavitation for treating synovial pannus and to determine a potential mechanism using the antigen-induced arthritis model (AIA). Ultrasonic ablation was performed on the knee joints of AIA rabbits using optimal ultrasonic ablative parameters. Rabbits with antigen-induced arthritis were randomly assigned to 4 ...
Qureshi Assad A - - 2011
Previous reports have suggested that knee flexion improves tendon edge apposition following acute rupture of the Achilles tendon. The aim of the present study was to determine, with use of ultrasonography, the effects of knee and ankle position on the Achilles tendon gap distance in patients with an acute rupture. ...
da Mota Licia Maria Henrique - - 2011
Autoantibodies in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have important diagnostic value. The association between the presence of autoantibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptide and the response to treatment is controversial. To prospectively evaluate a cohort of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (<12 months of symptoms) in order to determine the association between serological ...
Tarbhai Kauser - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of 2 splint designs in treating trigger fingers. METHODS: This prospective randomized study of 30 subjects evaluated splinting efficacy for trigger finger, comparing 2 splint designs: a custom metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint blocking splint and a distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint blocking splint. We evaluated range of ...
Kellner Herbert - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: To introduce and evaluate a new standardized ultrasound (US) score developed for large joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS.: An US score was designed to determine the degree of inflammation in the shoulder, the elbow, the hip and the knee joint in patients suffering from RA (Sonography ...
Niemeyer Philipp - - 2012
Several factors influence clinical outcome after autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) for the treatment of cartilage defects of the knee joint. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of cell quality on clinical outcome after ACI. The hypothesis of the authors was that cell quality at the ...
Hernigou Philippe - - 2012
Coexistence of degenerative arthritis and calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals (or radiological chondrocalcinosis) with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knees is frequent at the time of arthroplasty. Several studies suggest more rapid clinical and radiographic progression with CPPD than with OA alone. However, it is unclear whether chondrocalcinosis predisposes to higher ...
Giannicola Giuseppe - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Postmortem and clinical studies have shown an early and prevalent involvement of the radiohumeral joint in primary and secondary arthritis of the elbow. The lateral resurfacing elbow (LRE) prosthesis has recently been developed for the treatment of lateral elbow arthritis. However, few data have been published on LRE results. ...
Raven Eric E J - - 2011
PURPOSE: We evaluated long-term results for radiolunate and radioscapholunate arthrodeses for patients with rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis to determine the durability and efficacy of the procedures. The results are described and compared with those in the literature. METHODS: We carried out arthrodesis of the radiolunate joint (33 wrists) and the ...
Khan Wasim S - - 2011
The reverse shoulder arthroplasty prosthesis was originally designed for rotator cuff arthropathy, and provided good results. Over time, the indications have expanded to include, among others, irreparable rotator cuff tears and rheumatoid arthritis, and the results have become more variable. There are also fundamental differences in the designs of the ...
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