Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1822
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Pettersson Louise - - 2012
PURPOSE: To study the clinical outcome, especially in regard to colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRAC), of patients operated on in early childhood with ureterosigmoidostomy (USS) during the period 1944-1961. PATIENT AND METHOD: Twenty-five patients were consecutively operated on with USS at a mean-age of 3.1 years. The most common indication for USS ...
Tanha Fateme Davari - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of two routes of misoprostol (sublingual and vaginal) for cervical ripening before hysteroscopy. METHODS: One hundred and ten perimenopausal women who were referred to a tertiary hospital for surgical hysteroscopy enrolled in this double-blind randomized clinical trial. They were divided into two groups to receive ...
Nicholson J A - - 2012
PURPOSE. To review nutritional status and outcome of 90 patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hemiarthroplasty. METHODS. Records of 51 women and 39 men aged 26 to 96 (median, 71) years who underwent elective THA (n=48) for osteoarthritis, or trauma-related THA (n=10) or hemiarthroplasty (n=32) for subcapital femoral ...
Craft Elise M - - 2012
To assess changes in serum albumin concentration (ALB), colloid osmotic pressure (COP), and Doppler blood pressure (DBP) following transfusion of 5% lyophilized canine-specific albumin (CSA) in hypoalbuminemic dogs following surgical source control for septic peritonitis. Prospective randomized clinical trial November 2009 - November 2010. University teaching hospital. Fourteen client-owned dogs ...
Kumar Sunil - - 2012
Lactase non-persistence is common in India. We evaluated: (i) frequency of lactase gene (C/T-13910 and G/A-22018) polymorphisms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and healthy controls (HC), (ii) association between these polymorphisms and IBS-subtypes and symptoms. A total of 150 IBS patients (Rome-III criteria) and 252 age and gender-matched HC were ...
Hirsch H H - - 2013
Polyomavirus BK (BKV)-associated nephropathy causes premature kidney transplant (KT) failure. BKV viruria and viremia are biomarkers of disease progression, but associated risk factors are controversial. A total of 682 KT patients receiving basiliximab, mycophenolic acid (MPA), corticosteroids were randomized 1:1 to cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus (Tac). Risk factors were analyzed ...
Poddar Banani - - 2012
AIM: To study the factors associated with outcome in acute liver failure (ALF) in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Consecutive patients with ALF admitted to the ICU from August 2003 to April 2010 were included. Factors associated with the primary outcome, death or survival, were compared. RESULTS: Of 52 ...
Marrara Kamilla Tays - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the responsiveness of the six-minute step test (6MST) to an aerobic physical training program (PTP) and to determine the efficacy of the PTP regarding spirometric variables during the 6MST, as well as physical performance, sensation of dyspnea, and SpO2 during the 6MST and the six-minute walk test ...
Haq Ambreen Naveed - - 2012
Objective: To differentiate the effect of gestation on the mode of delivery by analysing the difference in the mode of induction, length of labour and the difference in parity or Bishop score and their effect on the mode of delivery of postdates women. Study Design: A cross-sectional observational study. Place ...
Seckin Berna - - 2012
ABSTRACT Objectives To assess hysteroscopic findings in patients with two, three, and four or more, consecutive miscarriages, and to compare the prevalence of uterine abnormalities between women with different numbers of such miscarriages. Methods Two hundred and sixty-five women with two or more consecutive miscarriages were enrolled in the study. ...
Adam Fiona H - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether clinical and clinicopathologic data could assist differentiation of congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSSs) from acquired portosystemic shunts (APSSs) in young dogs. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-Dogs < 30 months of age with CPSSs (n = 62) or APSSs (31). Procedures-Medical records from 3 referral centers identified 31 dogs with ...
Beauloye Véronique - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: An increased prevalence of metabolic disorders and cardiovascular (CV) disease has been reported in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) / Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the determinants of insulin resistance (IR) observed in this population, according to the treatment received. METHODS: 91 patients (45 men, mean ...
Ilharreborde Brice B Pediatric Orthopaedic Department, Robert Debré Hospital, AP-HP, Paris Diderot University, 48 Bd Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France. - - 2013
To analyze postoperative changes in the cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) of patients with AIS treated by posteromedial translation. 49 patients with thoracic AIS underwent posterior arthrodesis with hybrid constructs, combining lumbar pedicle screws and thoracic universal clamps. Posteromedial translation was the main correction technique used. 3D radiological parameters were measured ...
Rieder Erwin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a novel treatment for esophageal motility disorders such as achalasia. To date, the extent of the myotomy has been determined based on the subjective assessment of the endoscopist. We hypothesized that the real-time measurement of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) distensibility using a novel functional ...
Kidambi Trilokesh T Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, United - - 2012
To examine the relative prevalence and temporal variation of dysphagia etiologies in patients undergoing upper endoscopy (EGD) over the past decade. EGDs with the indication of dysphagia at an urban, university medical center in 1999, 2004 and 2009 were retrospectively identified from the electronic medical record. The entire patient chart, ...
Mamtani Rishi - - 2012
The use of recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) as a last resort for the management of coagulopathy when there is severe metabolic acidosis during large bleedings in trauma might be deemed inappropriate. The objective of this study was to identify critical degrees of acidosis and associated factors at which rFVIIa might ...
Singh H - - 2012
PURPOSE. To compare outcomes in Indian women who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using the standard Legacy Posterior Stabilised (LPS) versus the gender-specific LPS high-flexion knee prosthesis. METHODS. 100 women (200 knees) aged 60 to 80 years with an arc of flexion of ≥90º underwent simultaneous sequential TKA for primary ...
Nigar Asma - - 2012
To evaluate the role of 17 α hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHPC) in the prevention of preterm labor in high risk asymptomatic patients with a history of preterm delivery. The study included 96 patients with a singleton pregnancy and having a prior preterm birth. They were divided in 2 groups, group I ...
Ragno A - - 2012
Chronic constipation (C), among gastrointestinal symptoms, is commonly associated with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and probably attributable to hypercalcemia. To evaluate in patients affected with PHPT the prevalence of C utilizing a validated questionnaire and the current prevalence of C compared to that observed in the past and to evaluate the ...
Sadegh Ali - - 2012
Shivering is one of the common problems in spinal anesthesia. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of intrathecal fentanyl (25 µg) on incidence and severity of intraoperative and postoperative shivering. A double-blind randomized controlled study was conducted in eighty healthy women (ASA Physical status I) ...
Thawrani Dinesh - - 2012
Stiff knee gait is common among children with ambulatory cerebral palsy (CP). When surgery is indicated, rectus femoris transfer as a primary treatment enhances knee range of motion, reduces time to peak knee flexion, increases peak knee flexion, and reduces toe drag. We determined whether (1) distal rectus femoris transfer ...
Larson A Noelle - - 2012
Long-term studies have indicated good outcomes for most patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. However, clinical experience suggests that less favorable outcomes are common. We sought to prospectively document pain and function in a cohort of adults who had previously been treated nonoperatively for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. Patients in our region with Legg-Calvé-Perthes ...
Schabert V F - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that if left untreated may substantially impair physical functioning. Etanercept, infliximab, and adalimumab are tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers whose FDA-approved indications in the US include moderate to severe RA. TNF-blocker dose escalation has been well documented in the literature; however, the comparative ...
Ha Chul-Won - - 2012
BACKGROUND AIMS. TissueGene-C (TG-C) represents a cell-mediated gene therapy for localized delivery of allogeneic chondrocytes expressing transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 directly to the damaged knee joint. Untransduced human chondrocytes (hChonJ cells) have also been incorporated into the TG-C product at a 3:1 ratio with TGF-β1-expressing chondrocytes (hChonJb#7) in order to ...
Nakahara Hiroyuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of current study was to evaluate recurrence of diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis (DPVNS), functional outcome, and osteoarthritic change of the knee. METHODS: Seventeen cases in 17 patients who had DPVNS of the knee that had not been previously treated were reviewed to determine the outcomes of surgical ...
Gay David M - - 2012
Total elbow arthroplasty was originally used to treat patients with arthritis. As familiarity with total elbow arthroplasty evolved, the indications were expanded to include other disorders. There continues to be a low number of total elbow arthroplasties performed each year in comparison with hip, knee, and shoulder arthroplasties, and few ...
Carmalt James L - - 2012
Objective-To assess the safety and efficacy of alcohol-facilitated ankylosis of the distal intertarsal (DIT) and tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints in horses with osteoarthritis (bone spavin). Design-Prospective clinical trial. Animals-21 horses with DIT or TMT joint-associated hind limb lameness and 5 nonlame horses. Procedures-11 horses (group 1) underwent lameness, force-plate, and radiographic ...
de Windt Tommy S - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to report on the clinical outcome of a large heterogenic cartilage repair population treated with the profiling strategies of one experienced cartilage surgeon to provide evidence based tools for treatment selection in a clinical environment. A total of 216 patients were identified in this ...
Wei Xiaochun - - 2012
To determine whether there is a direct correlation between the concentration of type II collagen fragment HELIX-II in synovial fluid and the severity of cartilage damage at the knee joint, 83 patients who had undergone knee arthroscopy or total knee replacement were enrolled in this study (49% women, mean ± SD age ...
Hujazi Ihab - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate the utility of Newman's classification in predicting outcomes in patients presenting with crystal arthritis. Between January and December 2009, all patients who presented to our institution with acute crystal arthritis and were investigated with microbiological assessment of their synovial fluid were included ...
Akhavan Akbari G - - 2012
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Trauma represents the third cause of death after cardio vascular disease and tumors. Also in Iran, road accidents are one of the leading causes of death. Rapid evaluation of trauma severity and prediction of prognosis and mortality rate and probability of survival and rapid treatment of ...
Majima Tokifumi - - 2012
Boiogito (Japanese herbal medicine, Tsumura Co. Tokyo, Japan) contains sinomenin which inhibits inflammatory reactions. Since sinomenine is a principle component of the Boiogito, there is a possibility of it being effective on osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee with joint effusion. However, there is no report concerning the effectiveness of Boiogito ...
Flowers Kenneth R - - 2012
The objective of this study was to text the validity of the so-called total end range time (TERT) theory. This theory claims that the amount of increase in passive range of motion (PROM) of a stiff joint is proportional to the amount of time the joint is held at its ...
Zhang Xing-Ru - - 2012
Abstract The purpose of this study was to present a new procedure to treat symptomatic conjunctivochalasis (CCh) and to evaluate its efficacy. Forty-two patients with symptomatic CCh refractory to medical management were included on this study. Twenty-two patients (n  =  32, eyes; n  =  14 women and n  =  8 ...
Chitrakar N S - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of 25μg Misoprostol vs. 0.5mg Dinoprostone for pre-labour ripening of the cervix at-term. Methods: Nullipara or Para one women with unfavourable cervices after 37 completed weeks with live foetuses were randomized to received either 25μg intravaginal Misoprostol ...
Shigemura T - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess N-acetyl aspartate changes in the thalamus in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Nine patients with osteoarthritis of the hip (symptomatic group, nine women; mean age 61.4 years (48 to 78)) and nine healthy volunteers (control group, ...
Kiran H - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the effects of ovarian endometrioma on the number of oocytes retrieved for in vitro fertilization (IVF).Background: The presence of endometrioma may be the most important predictor of a poor reproductive outcome. Literature data suggest that ovarian endometriomas might affect the response to ovarian stimulation and oocyte retrieval.Methods: ...
Hoshiyama Eisei - - 2012
Objective There are many reports regarding the course of migraines during pregnancy. However, the prevalence and characteristics of migraines during the postpartum period have not been adequately investigated. We prospectively investigated the patients suffering from migraines over a long postpartum period in an obstetrics department in Japan. Methods We investigated ...
El Sallakh Sameh A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of the arthroscopic treatment of acute acromioclavicular dislocation using the TightRope system (Arthrex, Naples, Florida). Between January 2006 and May 2007, ten shoulders in 10 patients with acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation (Rockwood types IV and V) underwent arthroscopic acromioclavicular joint ...
Waljee Jennifer F - - 2012
Patient satisfaction is an essential measure of quality of care for rheumatoid arthritis. Prior research demonstrates that patient satisfaction improves after silicone metacarpophalangeal arthroplasty (SMPA) despite minimal change in hand function. The purpose of this study was to identify the level of objective functional recovery that yields satisfaction after SMPA. ...
Stürup Jens - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of adverse reaction to metal on metal total hip arthroplasty using a M2a-38 articulation and a Magnum articulation, (Biomet Warsaw, Indiana).All patients who had received a Metal on Metal bearing prosthesis, in two centres in Copenhagen, were asked to ...
Melnikov Andrey L - - 2012
Patients undergoing abdominal surgery often receive an epidural infusion for postoperative analgesia. However, when epidural analgesia is contraindicated or unwanted, the administration of opioids is the usual means used to relieve pain. Various regional analgesia techniques used in conjunction with systemic analgesia have been reported to reduce the cumulative postoperative ...
Parratte Sebastien - - 2012
Early studies in the literature reported relatively high early minor reintervention rate for the mobile-bearing unilateral knee arthroplasty (UKA) compared with short- and midterm survivorship after fixed- or mobile-bearing UKA. However, whether the long-term function and survivorship are similar is unclear. We therefore asked whether (1) mobile- or fixed-bearing UKAs ...
Lustig Sebastien - - 2012
Posttraumatic arthritis secondary to lateral tibial plateau fracture malunion causes pain and limited function for patients. It is sometimes technically challenging to correct malalignment in these patients with advanced arthritis using osteotomies. Lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) may be an option to treat such patients. We asked whether UKA for ...
Johnson Todd C - - 2012
Routine patellar resurfacing performed at the time of knee arthroplasty is controversial, with some evidence of utility in both TKA (tricompartmental) and bicompartmental knee arthroplasty. However, whether one approach results in better implant survival remains unclear. We asked whether (1) routine patellar resurfacing in TKAs resulted in lower cumulative revision ...
Helgadottir Solveig - - 2012
We studied potential risk factors for postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in a large cohort of patients who underwent open-heart surgery, evaluating short- and long-term outcome, and we developed a risk-assessment model of POAF. A retrospective study of 744 patients without prior history of AF who underwent CABG (n = 513), ...
Katsnelson Alexander - - 2012
Two common treatments of temporomandibular joint ankylosis are gap arthroplasty and ankylosis resection and reconstruction of the ramus-condyle unit with a costochondral graft. The purpose of the present study was to answer the following clinical question: "Among patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis, do those patients who undergo gap arthroplasty, compared ...
Bandinelli Francesca - - 2011
This study was conducted to assess ultrasound (US) and clinical changes of Baker's cyst (BC) of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) after steroid injection. Patients with knee OA complicated with symptomatic BC (40) were treated with US-guided direct (posterior) aspiration. The injection of 40 mg triamcynolone acetonide was in 20 patients ...
Dager William E - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after elective total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) have been developed separately by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP). Differences exist in approaches to preventing postoperative VTE through prophylaxis.OBJECTIVE:To compare trials using vitamin ...
da Mota Licia Maria Henrique - - 2011
This study evaluates prospectively whether baseline scores [Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and SF-36] can predict clinical and radiographic evolution in a cohort of early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during a 3-year follow-up. Forty consecutive early RA patients were followed for 3 years, while receiving standardized treatment according to a pre-established protocol. HAQ ...
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