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Results 151 - 200 of 1805
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Shitrit Ariella Bar-Gil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Long-term pulmonary reflux-related symptoms following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) have not been reported. METHODS: We designed a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who underwent LAGB or LSG between January 2000 and December 2010. All patients provided detailed history and physical examination. We assessed ...
Elmistekawy Elsayed - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The impact of anaemia on patients undergoing aortic valve surgery has not been well studied. We sought to evaluate the effect of anaemia on early outcomes following aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHODS: All patients undergoing non-emergent aortic valve surgery (n = 2698) with or without other concomitant procedures between ...
Laharie D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mucosal healing can be achieved with infliximab (IFX). AIM: To assess the impact of mucosal healing on long-term outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) when treated with infliximab (IFX) beyond 1 year. METHODS: All consecutive adult patients with refractory UC receiving maintenance treatment with IFX in five French referral ...
Pua Yong-Hao - - 2013
This study aims to examine, in patients before and following a total knee arthroplasty (TKA), whether knee extensor strength and knee flexion/extension range-of-motion (ROM) were nonlinearly associated with physical function. Data from 501 patients with TKA were analyzed. Knee extensor strength was assessed preoperatively and 6months postoperatively. Knee ROM and ...
Du Wei - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term impacts of different posterior operations on curvature, neurological improvement and axial symptoms for multilevel cervical degenerative myelopathy (CDM), and to study the relationship among loss of cervical lordosis, recovery rate and axial symptom severity. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 98 patients with multilevel CDM who had ...
Cross Keith P KP Department of Pediatrics, Kosair Children's Hospital, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA. - - 2013
A variety of methods have been proposed and used in disaster triage situations, but there is little more than expert opinion to support most of them. Anecdotal disaster experiences often report mediocre real-world triage accuracy. The study objective was to determine the accuracy of several disaster triage methods when predicting ...
Cankaya Cem C Universal Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Malatya, Turkey. - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate whether there are alterations in total macular volume (TMV) and foveal retinal thickness (FT) values during pregnancy. This study included 60 healthy pregnant women in their first, second, and third trimester (groups 1, 2, and 3) and 20 nonpregnant women (group 4). TMV and FT values ...
Yang Jehn-Hsiahn - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the endometrial wound healing duration after a hysteroscopic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred sixty-three women who underwent hysteroscopic surgeries for endometrial polyp (n = 37), submucous myoma (n = 65), uterine septum (n = 16), and intrauterine adhesion (IUA; n = ...
Batuecas-Caletrío Angel - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Benign Paroxysmal Vertigo of Childhood (BPVC) is a common cause of vertigo in children and it is characterized by recurrent attacks of vertigo without warning resolving spontaneously after minutes to hours. It has been considered the equivalent of migraine in childhood. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients diagnosed with BPVC were recruited ...
Abaci Adnan - - 2013
Background. Device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) are both associated with short- and long-term complications. Our knowledge of the complication rates of ASD and PFO closure is limited. Our objective was to review the peri-procedural and long-term complications of ASD and PFO closure. Methods. ...
Nassar Boulos - - 2013
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The Trendelenburg position is used to distend the central veins, improving both success and safety of vascular cannulation. The purpose of this study was to measure the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the internal jugular vein (IJV) in three different positions using surface ultrasound. METHODS: Fifty one subjects were ...
Taylor J C - - 2013
To determine the effect of a 'no drains' policy on seroma formation and other complications in women undergoing breast cancer surgery. Before May 2010 drains were routinely used in our unit following mastectomy ± axillary surgery and axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) ± wide local excision (WLE). Since then, a ...
Arcinue Cheryl A - - 2013
Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of cyclosporine/mycophenolate mofetil (CSA/MMF) and cyclosporine/azathioprine (CSA/AZT) in Vogt-Koyonagi-Harada (VKH) patients. Methods: Retrospective comparative case series with follow-up period of at least 1 year. Outcomes include remission rate and corticosteroid-sparing effect. Results: A total of 10 patients were included (5 patients in CSA/MMF, ...
Boxer Rebecca S RS Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2013
To investigate the effect of Vitamin D3 on physical performance in patients with HF. HF is associated with functional decline and frailty. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with loss of muscle strength and poor outcomes in patients with HF. Sixty-four patients participated in a 6-month parallel design double blind RCT ...
Hess Dean R - - 2013
PURPOSE: We assessed the evolution of lung-protective ventilation strategies during anesthesia and identified factors associated with the selection of a nonprotective ventilation strategy. METHODS: This retrospective observational study covered a 5-year period from March 2006 to March 2011. It included 45 575 adult patients who underwent intubation de novo in the ...
Murphy Glenn S GS NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston Hospital, 2650 Ridge Ave., Evanston, IL 60201, USA. - - 2013
In this investigation, we sought to determine the association between objective evidence of residual neuromuscular blockade (train-of-four [TOF] ratio <0.9) and the type, incidence, and severity of subjective symptoms of muscle weakness in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). TOF ratios of 149 patients were quantified with acceleromyography on arrival to ...
Ursava Ahmet - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may increase perioperative complications. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship among postoperative pulmonary complication, snoring and STOP questionnaire in patients with ortophaedic surgery. METHODS: 1,406 consecutive records of patients who had undergone elective ortophaedic surgery during the period January 2005-December ...
Pichler Renate - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional and oncological outcomes of orthotopic neobladders in women with urothelial cancer. Material and methods. From 1993 to 2007, 61 women underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic ileal neobladder using the hemi-Kock pouch or Skinner T pouch. Sixteen of them ...
Zhang Fengkui - - 2013
A modified high-dose cyclophosphamide (HD-CTX) plus cyclosporine (CsA) regimen was adopted for severe/very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA) patients, and the effectiveness was compared with that of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) plus CsA regimen. A total of 121 patients enrolled in this study received either CTX plus CsA (CTX group, 48 cases) ...
Ónnestam Lisa L Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Göteborg, - - 2013
TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHomas) are rare. Epidemiological data are scant and there are no reports on national incidence. The objective of the study was to estimate the national Swedish incidence and prevalence of TSHomas. This was an observational study. The study was conducted at tertiary referral centers. The Swedish Pituitary ...
Li Xingxin - - 2013
Previous reports showed that outcome of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) was not satisfactory as the first-line therapy for severe aplastic anemia (SAA). We explored a modifying schedule of administration of rATG. Outcomes of a cohort of 175 SAA patients, including 51 patients administered with standard protocol (3.55 mg/kg/d for 5 ...
Solanki S L - - 2013
This randomised, double-blind study was designed to compare the duration of analgesia and adverse effects following intrathecal administration of dexmedetomidine or clonidine, both with bupivacaine, in trauma patients. Ninety adult trauma patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, scheduled for lower limb surgery under subarachnoid block, were randomly ...
Plonka K A - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare twice daily tooth-brushing using 0.304 percent fluoride toothpaste alone with: (1) twice daily tooth-brushing plus once daily 10% casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste; and (2) twice daily tooth-brushing plus once daily 0.12% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) for reducing early childhood caries (ECC) ...
Saleh S S - - 2013
This is a retrospective study comparing the efficacy and safety of atosiban and nifedipine in the suppression of pre-term labour. A total of 75 patients were included in this study; 34 received atosiban and 41 received nifedipine. There were no statistically significant differences in the baseline characteristics for both groups. ...
Katsetos C - - 2013
To compare transvaginal three-dimensional sonohysterography (3D SHSG) and outpatient hysteroscopy with regards to diagnostic accuracy, procedure time, and patient discomfort with a prospective randomized controlled cohort study in a teaching hospital in London. The study included a population group of 49 women with abnormal uterine bleeding from varied ethnic backgrounds, ...
Pua Yong-Hao - - 2013
Knee extensor strength and knee extension range of motion (ROM) are important predictors of physical function in patients with a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the relationship between the two knee measures remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine whether changes in knee extensor strength mediate the ...
Finsen Vilhjalmur - - 2013
We reviewed 17 patients 64 (range 29-123) months after dorsal radioscaphoid capsulodesis for scapholunate dissociation. Mean loss of key pinch was 13%, grip strength 18%, wrist flexion 22% (p < 0.001), and total wrist ROM 17% (p < 0.005). VAS (0 = best; 100 = worst) was 30(±28) for pain, ...
Reese Peter P PP Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa., - - 2013
Poor physical performance and frailty are associated with elevated risks of death and disability. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is also strongly associated with these outcomes. The risks of poor physical performance and frailty among CKD patients, however, are not well established. We measured the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB; a ...
Chaari Anis - - 2012
We to report clinical biological and radiologic features of rubella encephalitis in childhood and assess its prognostic impact. Our retrospective study was conducted in an intensive care unit of a university hospital in Sfax, Tunisia. Twenty-one children (age range, 1-15 years) were included. Median age was 9 years (lower and ...
Ghosh Anuradha - - 2012
PURPOSE: Dilatation and curettage is frequently performed in gynecological practice. Aim of this prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral misoprostol to prime non-pregnant cervix before this procedure. METHOD: Women requiring dilatation and curettage were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were visible ...
Al-Obeidan Saleh Ali - - 2012
Purpose:  To evaluate the efficacy and safety of deep sclerectomy in childhood glaucoma. Methods:  A prospective cohort of 120 children presenting with glaucoma to King Abdul Aziz University Hospital (KAUH) was subjected to nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy surgery (NPDS). Eventually, 57 patients had macro perforation and converted to penetrating deep sclerectomy ...
Yoo Ji Young - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Open thyroidectomy is associated with a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in up to 70 % of cases. Use of the recently introduced robot-assisted endoscopic thyroidectomy using a gasless transaxillary approach has been increasing because of its several advantages over open thyroidectomy. This study compared the incidence ...
de Carvalho Lúcio Honório LH - - 2012
PURPOSE: Distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) is the preferential treatment for the symptomatic osteoarthritis of the lateral compartment of the knee in young active patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate the physical activity and functional outcome of a group of patients presenting with lateral compartment osteoarthritis of the ...
Wang Gang - - 2013
The gluteal concave deformity, a complication of repeated intragluteal injections in childhood, is a relatively common complaint of many young women in China. This issue could be addressed by lipofilling, as the method could produce aesthetically acceptable results in correcting soft tissue contour defects. Twelve patients with bilateral gluteal concave ...
Kim Seung-Ju - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using Achilles tendon allografts and tibialis anterior (TA) tendon allografts with respect to objective knee testing measures, second-look arthroscopy and femoral tunnel enlargement. METHODS: A total of 131 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction ...
Pettersson Louise - - 2012
PURPOSE: To study the clinical outcome, especially in regard to colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRAC), of patients operated on in early childhood with ureterosigmoidostomy (USS) during the period 1944-1961. PATIENT AND METHOD: Twenty-five patients were consecutively operated on with USS at a mean-age of 3.1 years. The most common indication for USS ...
Tanha Fateme Davari - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of two routes of misoprostol (sublingual and vaginal) for cervical ripening before hysteroscopy. METHODS: One hundred and ten perimenopausal women who were referred to a tertiary hospital for surgical hysteroscopy enrolled in this double-blind randomized clinical trial. They were divided into two groups to receive ...
Nicholson J A - - 2012
PURPOSE. To review nutritional status and outcome of 90 patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hemiarthroplasty. METHODS. Records of 51 women and 39 men aged 26 to 96 (median, 71) years who underwent elective THA (n=48) for osteoarthritis, or trauma-related THA (n=10) or hemiarthroplasty (n=32) for subcapital femoral ...
Craft Elise M - - 2012
To assess changes in serum albumin concentration (ALB), colloid osmotic pressure (COP), and Doppler blood pressure (DBP) following transfusion of 5% lyophilized canine-specific albumin (CSA) in hypoalbuminemic dogs following surgical source control for septic peritonitis. Prospective randomized clinical trial November 2009 - November 2010. University teaching hospital. Fourteen client-owned dogs ...
Kumar Sunil - - 2012
Lactase non-persistence is common in India. We evaluated: (i) frequency of lactase gene (C/T-13910 and G/A-22018) polymorphisms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and healthy controls (HC), (ii) association between these polymorphisms and IBS-subtypes and symptoms. A total of 150 IBS patients (Rome-III criteria) and 252 age and gender-matched HC were ...
Hirsch H H - - 2013
Polyomavirus BK (BKV)-associated nephropathy causes premature kidney transplant (KT) failure. BKV viruria and viremia are biomarkers of disease progression, but associated risk factors are controversial. A total of 682 KT patients receiving basiliximab, mycophenolic acid (MPA), corticosteroids were randomized 1:1 to cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus (Tac). Risk factors were analyzed ...
Poddar Banani - - 2012
AIM: To study the factors associated with outcome in acute liver failure (ALF) in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Consecutive patients with ALF admitted to the ICU from August 2003 to April 2010 were included. Factors associated with the primary outcome, death or survival, were compared. RESULTS: Of 52 ...
Marrara Kamilla Tays - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the responsiveness of the six-minute step test (6MST) to an aerobic physical training program (PTP) and to determine the efficacy of the PTP regarding spirometric variables during the 6MST, as well as physical performance, sensation of dyspnea, and SpO2 during the 6MST and the six-minute walk test ...
Haq Ambreen Naveed - - 2012
Objective: To differentiate the effect of gestation on the mode of delivery by analysing the difference in the mode of induction, length of labour and the difference in parity or Bishop score and their effect on the mode of delivery of postdates women. Study Design: A cross-sectional observational study. Place ...
Seckin Berna - - 2012
ABSTRACT Objectives To assess hysteroscopic findings in patients with two, three, and four or more, consecutive miscarriages, and to compare the prevalence of uterine abnormalities between women with different numbers of such miscarriages. Methods Two hundred and sixty-five women with two or more consecutive miscarriages were enrolled in the study. ...
Adam Fiona H - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether clinical and clinicopathologic data could assist differentiation of congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSSs) from acquired portosystemic shunts (APSSs) in young dogs. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-Dogs < 30 months of age with CPSSs (n = 62) or APSSs (31). Procedures-Medical records from 3 referral centers identified 31 dogs with ...
Beauloye Véronique - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: An increased prevalence of metabolic disorders and cardiovascular (CV) disease has been reported in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) / Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the determinants of insulin resistance (IR) observed in this population, according to the treatment received. METHODS: 91 patients (45 men, mean ...
Ilharreborde Brice B Pediatric Orthopaedic Department, Robert Debré Hospital, AP-HP, Paris Diderot University, 48 Bd Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France. - - 2013
To analyze postoperative changes in the cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) of patients with AIS treated by posteromedial translation. 49 patients with thoracic AIS underwent posterior arthrodesis with hybrid constructs, combining lumbar pedicle screws and thoracic universal clamps. Posteromedial translation was the main correction technique used. 3D radiological parameters were measured ...
Rieder Erwin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a novel treatment for esophageal motility disorders such as achalasia. To date, the extent of the myotomy has been determined based on the subjective assessment of the endoscopist. We hypothesized that the real-time measurement of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) distensibility using a novel functional ...
Kidambi Trilokesh T Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, United - - 2012
To examine the relative prevalence and temporal variation of dysphagia etiologies in patients undergoing upper endoscopy (EGD) over the past decade. EGDs with the indication of dysphagia at an urban, university medical center in 1999, 2004 and 2009 were retrospectively identified from the electronic medical record. The entire patient chart, ...
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