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Results 151 - 200 of 1787
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Zhang Fengkui - - 2013
A modified high-dose cyclophosphamide (HD-CTX) plus cyclosporine (CsA) regimen was adopted for severe/very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA) patients, and the effectiveness was compared with that of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) plus CsA regimen. A total of 121 patients enrolled in this study received either CTX plus CsA (CTX group, 48 cases) ...
Onnestam Lisa - - 2013
Context:TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHomas) are rare. Epidemiological data are scant and there are no reports on national incidence.Objective:The objective of the study was to estimate the national Swedish incidence and prevalence of TSHomas.Design:This was an observational study.Setting:The study was conducted at tertiary referral centers.Patients:The Swedish Pituitary Registry and World Health ...
Li Xingxin - - 2013
Previous reports showed that outcome of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) was not satisfactory as the first-line therapy for severe aplastic anemia (SAA). We explored a modifying schedule of administration of rATG. Outcomes of a cohort of 175 SAA patients, including 51 patients administered with standard protocol (3.55 mg/kg/d for 5 ...
Solanki S L - - 2013
This randomised, double-blind study was designed to compare the duration of analgesia and adverse effects following intrathecal administration of dexmedetomidine or clonidine, both with bupivacaine, in trauma patients. Ninety adult trauma patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, scheduled for lower limb surgery under subarachnoid block, were randomly ...
Plonka K A - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare twice daily tooth-brushing using 0.304 percent fluoride toothpaste alone with: (1) twice daily tooth-brushing plus once daily 10% casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste; and (2) twice daily tooth-brushing plus once daily 0.12% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) for reducing early childhood caries (ECC) ...
Saleh S S - - 2013
This is a retrospective study comparing the efficacy and safety of atosiban and nifedipine in the suppression of pre-term labour. A total of 75 patients were included in this study; 34 received atosiban and 41 received nifedipine. There were no statistically significant differences in the baseline characteristics for both groups. ...
Katsetos C - - 2013
To compare transvaginal three-dimensional sonohysterography (3D SHSG) and outpatient hysteroscopy with regards to diagnostic accuracy, procedure time, and patient discomfort with a prospective randomized controlled cohort study in a teaching hospital in London. The study included a population group of 49 women with abnormal uterine bleeding from varied ethnic backgrounds, ...
Pua Yong-Hao - - 2013
Knee extensor strength and knee extension range of motion (ROM) are important predictors of physical function in patients with a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the relationship between the two knee measures remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine whether changes in knee extensor strength mediate the ...
Finsen Vilhjalmur - - 2013
We reviewed 17 patients 64 (range 29-123) months after dorsal radioscaphoid capsulodesis for scapholunate dissociation. Mean loss of key pinch was 13%, grip strength 18%, wrist flexion 22% (p < 0.001), and total wrist ROM 17% (p < 0.005). VAS (0 = best; 100 = worst) was 30(±28) for pain, ...
Reese Peter P PP Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa., - - 2013
Poor physical performance and frailty are associated with elevated risks of death and disability. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is also strongly associated with these outcomes. The risks of poor physical performance and frailty among CKD patients, however, are not well established. We measured the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB; a ...
Chaari Anis - - 2012
We to report clinical biological and radiologic features of rubella encephalitis in childhood and assess its prognostic impact. Our retrospective study was conducted in an intensive care unit of a university hospital in Sfax, Tunisia. Twenty-one children (age range, 1-15 years) were included. Median age was 9 years (lower and ...
Ghosh Anuradha - - 2012
PURPOSE: Dilatation and curettage is frequently performed in gynecological practice. Aim of this prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral misoprostol to prime non-pregnant cervix before this procedure. METHOD: Women requiring dilatation and curettage were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were visible ...
Al-Obeidan Saleh Ali - - 2012
Purpose:  To evaluate the efficacy and safety of deep sclerectomy in childhood glaucoma. Methods:  A prospective cohort of 120 children presenting with glaucoma to King Abdul Aziz University Hospital (KAUH) was subjected to nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy surgery (NPDS). Eventually, 57 patients had macro perforation and converted to penetrating deep sclerectomy ...
Yoo Ji Young - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Open thyroidectomy is associated with a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in up to 70 % of cases. Use of the recently introduced robot-assisted endoscopic thyroidectomy using a gasless transaxillary approach has been increasing because of its several advantages over open thyroidectomy. This study compared the incidence ...
de Carvalho Lúcio Honório LH - - 2012
PURPOSE: Distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) is the preferential treatment for the symptomatic osteoarthritis of the lateral compartment of the knee in young active patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate the physical activity and functional outcome of a group of patients presenting with lateral compartment osteoarthritis of the ...
Wang Gang - - 2013
The gluteal concave deformity, a complication of repeated intragluteal injections in childhood, is a relatively common complaint of many young women in China. This issue could be addressed by lipofilling, as the method could produce aesthetically acceptable results in correcting soft tissue contour defects. Twelve patients with bilateral gluteal concave ...
Kim Seung-Ju - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using Achilles tendon allografts and tibialis anterior (TA) tendon allografts with respect to objective knee testing measures, second-look arthroscopy and femoral tunnel enlargement. METHODS: A total of 131 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction ...
Pettersson Louise - - 2012
PURPOSE: To study the clinical outcome, especially in regard to colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRAC), of patients operated on in early childhood with ureterosigmoidostomy (USS) during the period 1944-1961. PATIENT AND METHOD: Twenty-five patients were consecutively operated on with USS at a mean-age of 3.1 years. The most common indication for USS ...
Tanha Fateme Davari - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of two routes of misoprostol (sublingual and vaginal) for cervical ripening before hysteroscopy. METHODS: One hundred and ten perimenopausal women who were referred to a tertiary hospital for surgical hysteroscopy enrolled in this double-blind randomized clinical trial. They were divided into two groups to receive ...
Nicholson J A - - 2012
PURPOSE. To review nutritional status and outcome of 90 patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hemiarthroplasty. METHODS. Records of 51 women and 39 men aged 26 to 96 (median, 71) years who underwent elective THA (n=48) for osteoarthritis, or trauma-related THA (n=10) or hemiarthroplasty (n=32) for subcapital femoral ...
Craft Elise M - - 2012
To assess changes in serum albumin concentration (ALB), colloid osmotic pressure (COP), and Doppler blood pressure (DBP) following transfusion of 5% lyophilized canine-specific albumin (CSA) in hypoalbuminemic dogs following surgical source control for septic peritonitis. Prospective randomized clinical trial November 2009 - November 2010. University teaching hospital. Fourteen client-owned dogs ...
Kumar Sunil - - 2012
Lactase non-persistence is common in India. We evaluated: (i) frequency of lactase gene (C/T-13910 and G/A-22018) polymorphisms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and healthy controls (HC), (ii) association between these polymorphisms and IBS-subtypes and symptoms. A total of 150 IBS patients (Rome-III criteria) and 252 age and gender-matched HC were ...
Hirsch H H - - 2013
Polyomavirus BK (BKV)-associated nephropathy causes premature kidney transplant (KT) failure. BKV viruria and viremia are biomarkers of disease progression, but associated risk factors are controversial. A total of 682 KT patients receiving basiliximab, mycophenolic acid (MPA), corticosteroids were randomized 1:1 to cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus (Tac). Risk factors were analyzed ...
Poddar Banani - - 2012
AIM: To study the factors associated with outcome in acute liver failure (ALF) in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Consecutive patients with ALF admitted to the ICU from August 2003 to April 2010 were included. Factors associated with the primary outcome, death or survival, were compared. RESULTS: Of 52 ...
Marrara Kamilla Tays - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the responsiveness of the six-minute step test (6MST) to an aerobic physical training program (PTP) and to determine the efficacy of the PTP regarding spirometric variables during the 6MST, as well as physical performance, sensation of dyspnea, and SpO2 during the 6MST and the six-minute walk test ...
Haq Ambreen Naveed - - 2012
Objective: To differentiate the effect of gestation on the mode of delivery by analysing the difference in the mode of induction, length of labour and the difference in parity or Bishop score and their effect on the mode of delivery of postdates women. Study Design: A cross-sectional observational study. Place ...
Seckin Berna - - 2012
ABSTRACT Objectives To assess hysteroscopic findings in patients with two, three, and four or more, consecutive miscarriages, and to compare the prevalence of uterine abnormalities between women with different numbers of such miscarriages. Methods Two hundred and sixty-five women with two or more consecutive miscarriages were enrolled in the study. ...
Adam Fiona H - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether clinical and clinicopathologic data could assist differentiation of congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSSs) from acquired portosystemic shunts (APSSs) in young dogs. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-Dogs < 30 months of age with CPSSs (n = 62) or APSSs (31). Procedures-Medical records from 3 referral centers identified 31 dogs with ...
Beauloye Véronique - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: An increased prevalence of metabolic disorders and cardiovascular (CV) disease has been reported in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) / Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the determinants of insulin resistance (IR) observed in this population, according to the treatment received. METHODS: 91 patients (45 men, mean ...
Ilharreborde Brice B Pediatric Orthopaedic Department, Robert Debré Hospital, AP-HP, Paris Diderot University, 48 Bd Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France. - - 2013
To analyze postoperative changes in the cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) of patients with AIS treated by posteromedial translation. 49 patients with thoracic AIS underwent posterior arthrodesis with hybrid constructs, combining lumbar pedicle screws and thoracic universal clamps. Posteromedial translation was the main correction technique used. 3D radiological parameters were measured ...
Rieder Erwin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a novel treatment for esophageal motility disorders such as achalasia. To date, the extent of the myotomy has been determined based on the subjective assessment of the endoscopist. We hypothesized that the real-time measurement of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) distensibility using a novel functional ...
Kidambi Trilokesh T Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, United - - 2012
To examine the relative prevalence and temporal variation of dysphagia etiologies in patients undergoing upper endoscopy (EGD) over the past decade. EGDs with the indication of dysphagia at an urban, university medical center in 1999, 2004 and 2009 were retrospectively identified from the electronic medical record. The entire patient chart, ...
Mamtani Rishi - - 2012
The use of recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) as a last resort for the management of coagulopathy when there is severe metabolic acidosis during large bleedings in trauma might be deemed inappropriate. The objective of this study was to identify critical degrees of acidosis and associated factors at which rFVIIa might ...
Singh H - - 2012
PURPOSE. To compare outcomes in Indian women who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using the standard Legacy Posterior Stabilised (LPS) versus the gender-specific LPS high-flexion knee prosthesis. METHODS. 100 women (200 knees) aged 60 to 80 years with an arc of flexion of ≥90º underwent simultaneous sequential TKA for primary ...
Nigar Asma - - 2012
To evaluate the role of 17 α hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHPC) in the prevention of preterm labor in high risk asymptomatic patients with a history of preterm delivery. The study included 96 patients with a singleton pregnancy and having a prior preterm birth. They were divided in 2 groups, group I ...
Ragno A - - 2012
Chronic constipation (C), among gastrointestinal symptoms, is commonly associated with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and probably attributable to hypercalcemia. To evaluate in patients affected with PHPT the prevalence of C utilizing a validated questionnaire and the current prevalence of C compared to that observed in the past and to evaluate the ...
Sadegh Ali - - 2012
Shivering is one of the common problems in spinal anesthesia. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of intrathecal fentanyl (25 µg) on incidence and severity of intraoperative and postoperative shivering. A double-blind randomized controlled study was conducted in eighty healthy women (ASA Physical status I) ...
Thawrani Dinesh - - 2012
Stiff knee gait is common among children with ambulatory cerebral palsy (CP). When surgery is indicated, rectus femoris transfer as a primary treatment enhances knee range of motion, reduces time to peak knee flexion, increases peak knee flexion, and reduces toe drag. We determined whether (1) distal rectus femoris transfer ...
Larson A Noelle - - 2012
Long-term studies have indicated good outcomes for most patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. However, clinical experience suggests that less favorable outcomes are common. We sought to prospectively document pain and function in a cohort of adults who had previously been treated nonoperatively for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. Patients in our region with Legg-Calvé-Perthes ...
Schabert V F - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that if left untreated may substantially impair physical functioning. Etanercept, infliximab, and adalimumab are tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers whose FDA-approved indications in the US include moderate to severe RA. TNF-blocker dose escalation has been well documented in the literature; however, the comparative ...
Ha Chul-Won - - 2012
BACKGROUND AIMS. TissueGene-C (TG-C) represents a cell-mediated gene therapy for localized delivery of allogeneic chondrocytes expressing transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 directly to the damaged knee joint. Untransduced human chondrocytes (hChonJ cells) have also been incorporated into the TG-C product at a 3:1 ratio with TGF-β1-expressing chondrocytes (hChonJb#7) in order to ...
Nakahara Hiroyuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of current study was to evaluate recurrence of diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis (DPVNS), functional outcome, and osteoarthritic change of the knee. METHODS: Seventeen cases in 17 patients who had DPVNS of the knee that had not been previously treated were reviewed to determine the outcomes of surgical ...
Gay David M - - 2012
Total elbow arthroplasty was originally used to treat patients with arthritis. As familiarity with total elbow arthroplasty evolved, the indications were expanded to include other disorders. There continues to be a low number of total elbow arthroplasties performed each year in comparison with hip, knee, and shoulder arthroplasties, and few ...
Carmalt James L - - 2012
Objective-To assess the safety and efficacy of alcohol-facilitated ankylosis of the distal intertarsal (DIT) and tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints in horses with osteoarthritis (bone spavin). Design-Prospective clinical trial. Animals-21 horses with DIT or TMT joint-associated hind limb lameness and 5 nonlame horses. Procedures-11 horses (group 1) underwent lameness, force-plate, and radiographic ...
de Windt Tommy S - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to report on the clinical outcome of a large heterogenic cartilage repair population treated with the profiling strategies of one experienced cartilage surgeon to provide evidence based tools for treatment selection in a clinical environment. A total of 216 patients were identified in this ...
Wei Xiaochun - - 2012
To determine whether there is a direct correlation between the concentration of type II collagen fragment HELIX-II in synovial fluid and the severity of cartilage damage at the knee joint, 83 patients who had undergone knee arthroscopy or total knee replacement were enrolled in this study (49% women, mean ± SD age ...
Hujazi Ihab - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate the utility of Newman's classification in predicting outcomes in patients presenting with crystal arthritis. Between January and December 2009, all patients who presented to our institution with acute crystal arthritis and were investigated with microbiological assessment of their synovial fluid were included ...
Akhavan Akbari G - - 2012
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Trauma represents the third cause of death after cardio vascular disease and tumors. Also in Iran, road accidents are one of the leading causes of death. Rapid evaluation of trauma severity and prediction of prognosis and mortality rate and probability of survival and rapid treatment of ...
Majima Tokifumi - - 2012
Boiogito (Japanese herbal medicine, Tsumura Co. Tokyo, Japan) contains sinomenin which inhibits inflammatory reactions. Since sinomenine is a principle component of the Boiogito, there is a possibility of it being effective on osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee with joint effusion. However, there is no report concerning the effectiveness of Boiogito ...
Flowers Kenneth R - - 2012
The objective of this study was to text the validity of the so-called total end range time (TERT) theory. This theory claims that the amount of increase in passive range of motion (PROM) of a stiff joint is proportional to the amount of time the joint is held at its ...
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