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Liu Lingtong L Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 6 Tiantan Xili, Chongwen District, Beijing, 100050, China, - - 2013
Sylvian fissure arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are among the most challenging AVMs to manage surgically. The estimates of their risk factors and prediction of their long-term prognosis are crucial for clinical decision-making. The authors conducted a retrospective review to patients with sylvian AVMs treated microsurgically to evaluate the risk factors associated ...
Lensen E J M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to compare failure and complication rates in patients who underwent a trocar-guided vaginal mesh repair with either a non-absorbable or a partially absorbable mesh. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from consecutive women undergoing either non-absorbable or partially absorbable mesh ...
Basu Maya - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the effect of urethral dilatation (UD) on urgency symptoms in women with overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding dysfunction. METHODS: Women with OAB symptoms and a maximum flow rate of less than 15 ml/sec on a volume voided of 200 ml were eligible for entry to the trial. Fifty women ...
Türkyilmaz Kemal - - 2013
AIM:: To evaluate carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV) values of patients with pseudoexfoliation (PEX) glaucoma in comparison with healthy subjects. METHODS:: Twenty-five consecutive patients with PEX glaucoma (PEXG group) and 25 controls (control group) were included in the study. CF-PWV was assessed by a noninvasive device by the measurements of ...
Taggart Nathaniel W - - 2013
Objectives: To compare procedural outcomes of transcatheter balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (BPV) in adults to a concurrent pediatric cohort and to identify whether BPV leads to improvement in symptoms among adults. Background: BPV has long been utilized to relieve right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction in neonates and young children. More ...
Ford Deanna R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A new technique for establishing ultrasound-guided central access involves the use of the axillary vein, the distal projection of the subclavian vein, via the lateral chest. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of Valsalva maneuver and Trendelenburg positioning on axillary vein cross-sectional area (CSA). METHODS: Using a group-sequential design, we ...
Elbers Jorina - - 2013
This population-based study assesses the long-term impact of childhood stroke on function and independence in young adults. We undertook a cross-sectional outcome study of patients with arterial ischemic stroke and cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, beyond 18 years of age. We studied 26 patients; 21 arterial stroke, 5 cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, with ...
Kuptniratsaikul Vilai - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Stroke-related complications are barriers to patients' recovery leading to increasing morbidity, mortality, and health care costs, decreasing patient's quality of life. The purpose of this study was to quantify incidence and risk factors of stroke-related complications during the first year after discharge from rehabilitation ward. METHODS: A prospective observational ...
Wallace Justin R JR University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2013
The Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) graft (Hemosphere/CryoLife Inc, Eden Prairie, Minn) has provided an innovative means to obtain hemodialysis access for patients with severe central venous occlusive disease. The outcomes of this novel treatment modality in a difficult population have yet to be clearly established. A retrospective review of HeRO ...
Dransfield Mark T MT Lung Health Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2013
Whether the combination of a once-daily inhaled corticosteroid with a once-daily longacting β(2) agonist is more protective than a once-daily longacting β(2) agonist alone against exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unknown. We hypothesised that fluticasone furoate and vilanterol would prevent more exacerbations than would vilanterol alone. We ...
Meuleman Christel - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the clinical outcome of women requiring laparoscopic excision of moderate-severe endometriosis in women with and without bowel resection and reanastomosis. METHODS:: Two hundred three patients with laparoscopically excised moderate (n = 67) or severe (n = 136) endometriosis (rAFS: revised endometriosis classification of the American Fertility Society) ...
Chung Jun Young - - 2013
PURPOSE: Bicompartmental knee arthroplasty features bone and ligament sparing as unicompartmental knee arthroplasty and is presumably better in the recovery of muscle strength and function compared to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) though not previously reported in the literature. The aim of the study was to compare isokinetic knee muscle strength ...
Prey Sorilla - - 2013
Idiopathic facial aseptic granuloma (IFAG) is a disorder that usually occurs during early childhood. Its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The objective of this study was to investigate possible relationships between IFAG and childhood rosacea. This was a retrospective multicenter study of patients attending four French dermatologic centers diagnosed with IFAG ...
Banihashem Nadia - - 2013
Opioid-induced side effects such as nausea and vomiting and pruritus are common and may be more debilitating than pain itself. We performed a study to assess the efficacy of dexamethasone in reducing postoperative nausea, vomiting, and pruritus in patients receiving neuraxial anesthesia with meperidine. Fifty-two women undergoing cesarean section were ...
Mohsenzadeh Ledari Farideh - - 2013
Gum chewing after cesarean section may stimulate bowel motility and decrease duration of postoperative ileus. The current study assessed the effect of chewing sugar-free gum on the return of bowel function, where cesarean section had been performed in nulliparous women. In a randomized clinical trial, 60 patients, scheduled for cesarean ...
Shitrit Ariella Bar-Gil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Long-term pulmonary reflux-related symptoms following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) have not been reported. METHODS: We designed a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who underwent LAGB or LSG between January 2000 and December 2010. All patients provided detailed history and physical examination. We assessed ...
Elmistekawy Elsayed - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The impact of anaemia on patients undergoing aortic valve surgery has not been well studied. We sought to evaluate the effect of anaemia on early outcomes following aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHODS: All patients undergoing non-emergent aortic valve surgery (n = 2698) with or without other concomitant procedures between ...
Laharie D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mucosal healing can be achieved with infliximab (IFX). AIM: To assess the impact of mucosal healing on long-term outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) when treated with infliximab (IFX) beyond 1 year. METHODS: All consecutive adult patients with refractory UC receiving maintenance treatment with IFX in five French referral ...
Pua Yong-Hao - - 2013
This study aims to examine, in patients before and following a total knee arthroplasty (TKA), whether knee extensor strength and knee flexion/extension range-of-motion (ROM) were nonlinearly associated with physical function. Data from 501 patients with TKA were analyzed. Knee extensor strength was assessed preoperatively and 6months postoperatively. Knee ROM and ...
Du Wei - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term impacts of different posterior operations on curvature, neurological improvement and axial symptoms for multilevel cervical degenerative myelopathy (CDM), and to study the relationship among loss of cervical lordosis, recovery rate and axial symptom severity. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 98 patients with multilevel CDM who had ...
Cross Keith P KP Department of Pediatrics, Kosair Children's Hospital, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA. - - 2013
A variety of methods have been proposed and used in disaster triage situations, but there is little more than expert opinion to support most of them. Anecdotal disaster experiences often report mediocre real-world triage accuracy. The study objective was to determine the accuracy of several disaster triage methods when predicting ...
Cankaya Cem C Universal Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Malatya, Turkey. - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate whether there are alterations in total macular volume (TMV) and foveal retinal thickness (FT) values during pregnancy. This study included 60 healthy pregnant women in their first, second, and third trimester (groups 1, 2, and 3) and 20 nonpregnant women (group 4). TMV and FT values ...
Yang Jehn-Hsiahn - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the endometrial wound healing duration after a hysteroscopic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred sixty-three women who underwent hysteroscopic surgeries for endometrial polyp (n = 37), submucous myoma (n = 65), uterine septum (n = 16), and intrauterine adhesion (IUA; n = ...
Batuecas-Caletrío Angel - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Benign Paroxysmal Vertigo of Childhood (BPVC) is a common cause of vertigo in children and it is characterized by recurrent attacks of vertigo without warning resolving spontaneously after minutes to hours. It has been considered the equivalent of migraine in childhood. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients diagnosed with BPVC were recruited ...
Abaci Adnan - - 2013
Background. Device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) are both associated with short- and long-term complications. Our knowledge of the complication rates of ASD and PFO closure is limited. Our objective was to review the peri-procedural and long-term complications of ASD and PFO closure. Methods. ...
Nassar Boulos - - 2013
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The Trendelenburg position is used to distend the central veins, improving both success and safety of vascular cannulation. The purpose of this study was to measure the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the internal jugular vein (IJV) in three different positions using surface ultrasound. METHODS: Fifty one subjects were ...
Taylor J C - - 2013
To determine the effect of a 'no drains' policy on seroma formation and other complications in women undergoing breast cancer surgery. Before May 2010 drains were routinely used in our unit following mastectomy ± axillary surgery and axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) ± wide local excision (WLE). Since then, a ...
Arcinue Cheryl A - - 2013
Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of cyclosporine/mycophenolate mofetil (CSA/MMF) and cyclosporine/azathioprine (CSA/AZT) in Vogt-Koyonagi-Harada (VKH) patients. Methods: Retrospective comparative case series with follow-up period of at least 1 year. Outcomes include remission rate and corticosteroid-sparing effect. Results: A total of 10 patients were included (5 patients in CSA/MMF, ...
Boxer Rebecca S RS Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2013
To investigate the effect of Vitamin D3 on physical performance in patients with HF. HF is associated with functional decline and frailty. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with loss of muscle strength and poor outcomes in patients with HF. Sixty-four patients participated in a 6-month parallel design double blind RCT ...
Hess Dean R - - 2013
PURPOSE: We assessed the evolution of lung-protective ventilation strategies during anesthesia and identified factors associated with the selection of a nonprotective ventilation strategy. METHODS: This retrospective observational study covered a 5-year period from March 2006 to March 2011. It included 45 575 adult patients who underwent intubation de novo in the ...
Murphy Glenn S GS NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston Hospital, 2650 Ridge Ave., Evanston, IL 60201, USA. - - 2013
In this investigation, we sought to determine the association between objective evidence of residual neuromuscular blockade (train-of-four [TOF] ratio <0.9) and the type, incidence, and severity of subjective symptoms of muscle weakness in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). TOF ratios of 149 patients were quantified with acceleromyography on arrival to ...
Ursava Ahmet - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may increase perioperative complications. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship among postoperative pulmonary complication, snoring and STOP questionnaire in patients with ortophaedic surgery. METHODS: 1,406 consecutive records of patients who had undergone elective ortophaedic surgery during the period January 2005-December ...
Pichler Renate - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional and oncological outcomes of orthotopic neobladders in women with urothelial cancer. Material and methods. From 1993 to 2007, 61 women underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic ileal neobladder using the hemi-Kock pouch or Skinner T pouch. Sixteen of them ...
Zhang Fengkui - - 2013
A modified high-dose cyclophosphamide (HD-CTX) plus cyclosporine (CsA) regimen was adopted for severe/very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA) patients, and the effectiveness was compared with that of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) plus CsA regimen. A total of 121 patients enrolled in this study received either CTX plus CsA (CTX group, 48 cases) ...
Ónnestam Lisa L Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Göteborg, - - 2013
TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHomas) are rare. Epidemiological data are scant and there are no reports on national incidence. The objective of the study was to estimate the national Swedish incidence and prevalence of TSHomas. This was an observational study. The study was conducted at tertiary referral centers. The Swedish Pituitary ...
Li Xingxin - - 2013
Previous reports showed that outcome of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) was not satisfactory as the first-line therapy for severe aplastic anemia (SAA). We explored a modifying schedule of administration of rATG. Outcomes of a cohort of 175 SAA patients, including 51 patients administered with standard protocol (3.55 mg/kg/d for 5 ...
Solanki S L - - 2013
This randomised, double-blind study was designed to compare the duration of analgesia and adverse effects following intrathecal administration of dexmedetomidine or clonidine, both with bupivacaine, in trauma patients. Ninety adult trauma patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, scheduled for lower limb surgery under subarachnoid block, were randomly ...
Plonka K A - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare twice daily tooth-brushing using 0.304 percent fluoride toothpaste alone with: (1) twice daily tooth-brushing plus once daily 10% casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste; and (2) twice daily tooth-brushing plus once daily 0.12% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) for reducing early childhood caries (ECC) ...
Saleh S S - - 2013
This is a retrospective study comparing the efficacy and safety of atosiban and nifedipine in the suppression of pre-term labour. A total of 75 patients were included in this study; 34 received atosiban and 41 received nifedipine. There were no statistically significant differences in the baseline characteristics for both groups. ...
Katsetos C - - 2013
To compare transvaginal three-dimensional sonohysterography (3D SHSG) and outpatient hysteroscopy with regards to diagnostic accuracy, procedure time, and patient discomfort with a prospective randomized controlled cohort study in a teaching hospital in London. The study included a population group of 49 women with abnormal uterine bleeding from varied ethnic backgrounds, ...
Pua Yong-Hao - - 2013
Knee extensor strength and knee extension range of motion (ROM) are important predictors of physical function in patients with a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the relationship between the two knee measures remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine whether changes in knee extensor strength mediate the ...
Finsen Vilhjalmur - - 2013
We reviewed 17 patients 64 (range 29-123) months after dorsal radioscaphoid capsulodesis for scapholunate dissociation. Mean loss of key pinch was 13%, grip strength 18%, wrist flexion 22% (p < 0.001), and total wrist ROM 17% (p < 0.005). VAS (0 = best; 100 = worst) was 30(±28) for pain, ...
Reese Peter P PP Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa., - - 2013
Poor physical performance and frailty are associated with elevated risks of death and disability. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is also strongly associated with these outcomes. The risks of poor physical performance and frailty among CKD patients, however, are not well established. We measured the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB; a ...
Chaari Anis - - 2012
We to report clinical biological and radiologic features of rubella encephalitis in childhood and assess its prognostic impact. Our retrospective study was conducted in an intensive care unit of a university hospital in Sfax, Tunisia. Twenty-one children (age range, 1-15 years) were included. Median age was 9 years (lower and ...
Ghosh Anuradha - - 2012
PURPOSE: Dilatation and curettage is frequently performed in gynecological practice. Aim of this prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral misoprostol to prime non-pregnant cervix before this procedure. METHOD: Women requiring dilatation and curettage were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were visible ...
Al-Obeidan Saleh Ali - - 2012
Purpose:  To evaluate the efficacy and safety of deep sclerectomy in childhood glaucoma. Methods:  A prospective cohort of 120 children presenting with glaucoma to King Abdul Aziz University Hospital (KAUH) was subjected to nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy surgery (NPDS). Eventually, 57 patients had macro perforation and converted to penetrating deep sclerectomy ...
Yoo Ji Young - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Open thyroidectomy is associated with a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in up to 70 % of cases. Use of the recently introduced robot-assisted endoscopic thyroidectomy using a gasless transaxillary approach has been increasing because of its several advantages over open thyroidectomy. This study compared the incidence ...
de Carvalho Lúcio Honório LH - - 2012
PURPOSE: Distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) is the preferential treatment for the symptomatic osteoarthritis of the lateral compartment of the knee in young active patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate the physical activity and functional outcome of a group of patients presenting with lateral compartment osteoarthritis of the ...
Wang Gang - - 2013
The gluteal concave deformity, a complication of repeated intragluteal injections in childhood, is a relatively common complaint of many young women in China. This issue could be addressed by lipofilling, as the method could produce aesthetically acceptable results in correcting soft tissue contour defects. Twelve patients with bilateral gluteal concave ...
Kim Seung-Ju - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using Achilles tendon allografts and tibialis anterior (TA) tendon allografts with respect to objective knee testing measures, second-look arthroscopy and femoral tunnel enlargement. METHODS: A total of 131 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction ...
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