Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1904
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Fjeldstad Cecilie - - 2011
To evaluate balance in women with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have low disability and minimal clinical impairments as measured by the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), and compare them with healthy age-matched controls. Patients were aged between 18 and 64 years; 67 individuals with MS (μ=44.0±1.2 years) and 45 healthy ...
von der Leyen Heiko E - - 2011
Abstract Neointimal hyperplasia causing recurrent stenosis is a limitation of the clinical utility of percutaneous transluminal coronary interventions (PCI). Nitric oxide (NO) inhibits smooth muscle cell proliferation, platelet activation, and inflammatory responses, all of which have been implicated in the pathogenesis of restenosis. In animals, neointimal proliferation after balloon injury ...
Ana Monzó M Hospital Universitario "La Fe". Avda. Campanar, 21. 46009. Valencia, - - 2011
To compare the clinical results of four different protocols of COH for IVF-ICSI in normovulatory women, using in all cases pituitary suppression with GnRH antagonists. A single center, open label, parallel-controlled, prospective, post-authorization study under the approved conditions for use where 305 normal responders women who were candidates to COH ...
Saeed Bilal - - 2011
Aim: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting outcomes after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in chronic total occlusions (CTOs). Methods: A review of publications and online databases in January 2010 retrieved 17 published studies that reported outcomes after DES implantation in CTOs: eight uncontrolled studies, seven nonrandomized ...
Shervin Nina - - 2011
Health status questionnaires are important, especially with the growing interest in outcome studies. However, these questionnaires continue to be administered in their original paper format. We hypothesized that total hip arthroplasty outcome data derived with computer-based questionnaires do not differ significantly from those derived with established paper-based formats. From January ...
Prasad Sandhir B - - 2011
Background: A selective policy of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients at high risk of restenosis may maximize the benefit from restenosis reduction and minimize risk from late stent thrombosis (LaST). Objectives: We sought to prospectively determine the safety of selective DES implantation for long lesions ...
Hoffman Richard M - - 2011
To determine whether mailing guaiac-based fecal occult blood tests (gFOBTs) directly to patients who are due for colorectal cancer screening would achieve higher screening uptake than using visit-based screening. Comparative effectiveness analysis. We used an electronic medical record to identify 7053 New Mexico Veterans Affairs Health Care System patients aged ...
Berend Keith R - - 2011
One contested contraindication to medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has been status of the patellofemoral joint. Surgeons have avoided UKA when the patellofemoral joint has radiographic evidence of arthritic changes. However, recent studies advocate ignoring patellofemoral joint status when considering UKA. The purpose of this study was to compare the ...
Camerota Filippo - - 2011
Objective. To investigate quantitatively and objectively the effects of repeated muscle vibration (rMV) of triceps surae on the gait pattern in a 5-year-old patient with Cerebral Palsy with equinus foot deformity due to calf spasticity. Methods. The patient was assessed before and one month after the rMV treatment using Gait ...
Meftah Morteza - - 2011
Limited data exist regarding the long-term results of labral debridement and the effect of coexisting pathology on outcomes. Our hypothesis was that untreated coexisting hip pathologies such as femoroacetabular impingement and arthritis significantly affect the outcomes of arthroscopic labral debridement.Between 1996 and 2003, fifty consecutive patients who underwent hip arthroscopy ...
Millauer Niklas - - 2011
We aimed at comparing the long term clinical outcome of SES and PES in routine clinical practice. Although sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) more effectively reduce neointimal hyperplasia than paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES), uncertainty prevails whether this difference translates into differences in clinical outcomes outside randomized controlled trials with selected patient populations and ...
Olendzki Barbara C - - 2011
The gap in mortality between patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the general population (1.5-3.0 fold risk) is increasing. This disparity is attributable mainly to cardiovascular disease (CVD), as the CVD risk is comparable to patients with diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study is to determine whether borage seed ...
Yura Shinya - - 2011
Background. The purpose of this study is to investigate the conditions of the temporomandibular joint relative to the effectiveness of an arthrocentesis-like enforced manipulation technique followed by irrigation under high pressure in patients with closed lock. Methods. We performed arthroscopic examination and manipulation followed by irrigation as the initial treatment ...
Glassner Philip J - - 2011
In total joint arthroplasty, it is often necessary to formulate decisions that are not clearly evidence-based. This review presents some current controversial topics in total joint arthroplasty, including preoperative autologous blood donation versus erythropoietin (EPO) usage, preoperative screening and treatment for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and the use of ...
Louder Anthony M - - 2011
To compare the incidence of serious gastrointestinal (GI) complications and associated medical costs in a population with either osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) enrolled in Medicare plans with celecoxib formulary restrictions versus plans without such restrictions. This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of Medicare members in plans with ...
Milano G - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of local application of Autologous Conditioned Plasma (ACP) on the treatment of full-thickness cartilage injuries of the knee. The hypothesis of the study was that ACP can enhance healing response of injured cartilage. A full-thickness chondral lesion on the ...
Chen Chao-Wei - - 2011
Du-Huo-Ji-Sheng-Tang (DHJST) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine used to treat osteoarthritis. In the present study, the therapeutic effect of DHJST on cartilage degradation in a rabbit model of osteoarthritis was investigated. In the knee joints of rabbits, anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) was performed to induce experimental osteoarthritis. At ...
Sorbie Charles - - 2011
With increasing usage of many types of total elbow replacements, there is a continuing need for clinical series that report survivorship, complications and revisions, and performance of single types of implants over extended time periods. The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term effectiveness of all implants of ...
Rönn Karolin - - 2011
Osteoathritis (OA) of the knee is common, and the chances of suffering from OA increase with age. Its treatment should be initially nonoperative-and requires both pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment modalities. If conservative therapy fails, surgery should be considered. Surgical treatments for knee OA include arthroscopy, cartilage repair, osteotomy, and knee ...
Demirağ Burak - - 2011
Although septic arthritis following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a rare complication, it has a high morbidity deteriorating the clinical outcome. Current treatment options include long-term antibiotic therapy, open or arthroscopic surgical lavage, aspiration, continuous irrigation, graft preservation, and removal of graft and fixation materials with or without reimplantation. ...
Sternheim Amir - - 2011
Distal femoral medial closing wedge osteotomy is useful for mechanical axis realignment to unload the lateral compartment of the valgus knee. The primary indication for unloading the lateral compartment is lateral unicompartmental osteoarthritis. Alternative treatment options include lateral unicompartment or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Prerequisites for the osteotomy include a ...
D'Alesio Valerie - - 2011
Objective: To identify whether veterans receiving androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) are screened at any time by bone mass measurement.Design: Cross-sectional study.Setting: Veterans Administration Tennessee Valley Healthcare System (VA-TVHS).Patients: All male veterans who received at least one dose of goserelin or leuprolide within the fiscal years October 1, 2005, through September 30, ...
Yanmış Ibrahim - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between arthroscopic findings and functional outcomes in patients with septic arthritis of the knee joint, treated with arthroscopic debridement and irrigation. Twenty patients (17 male, 3 female; mean age: 31 years [5-63 years]) with knee septic arthritis treated with arthroscopic ...
Dimitris Craig N - - 2011
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has a well-established track record for relieving pain associated with arthritis of the knee joint. The total rate of bilateral TKA has doubled over the past 2 decades, and the rate in women has tripled over that same time period. In patients with bilateral knee arthritis, ...
Mahto Raja Ram - - 2011
The present study was aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness of Rasona Rasnadi Ghanavati and Simhanada Guggulu along with Rasona Rasnadi Lepa in Amavata, and to compare the effect of these two therapies in the treatment. Total 101 patients of Amavata were registered for the present study and were randomly ...
Cubick Erin E - - 2011
Myofascial release (MFR) is a manual therapeutic technique used to release fascial restrictions, which may cause neuromusculoskeletal and systemic pathology. This case report describes the use of sustained release MFR techniques in a patient with a primary diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and a secondary diagnosis of collagenous colitis. Changes ...
Endres S - - 2011
Because of demographic changes, ever greater demands are made of knee replacement systems by patients and surgeons. To meet these demands, knee joint systems with increased flexion are currently being marketed. The main hypothesis of the present study was to evaluate the functional outcome of a high flexion TKA in ...
Edmondson Mark C - - 2011
In our experience results of the Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement have not been as good as had been expected. A common post operative complaint is of persistent medial knee discomfort, it is not clear why this phenomenon occurs and we have attempted to address this in our study. 48 patients ...
Pagenstert Geert - - 2011
Simultaneous osteoarthritis (OA) of the ankle joint complicates primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In such cases, rehabilitation of TKA is limited by debilitating ankle pain, but varus or valgus ankle arthritis may even compromise placement of knee prosthetic components. We present a patient with simultaneous bilateral valgus and patellofemoral OA ...
Amirtharajah Mohana - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the one-year clinical, radiologic and patient-reported results of surface-replacing proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty (SR-PIP) of the hand. Fifteen patients with 18 joints underwent the procedure, and nine patients with 11 joints had follow-up of at least one year's duration. Of these joints, ...
Mokbel Abir N - - 2011
This work aimed to study the homing evidence and the reparative effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the healing process of induced osteoarthritis in experimental animal model (donkeys). Twenty-seven donkeys were equally divided into 3 groups based on the observation period after induction of arthritis (3, 6 and 9 ...
Cattano Nicole M - - 2011
Several symptom-relieving interventions have been shown to be efficacious among osteoarthritis (OA) patients with knee effusion; however, not every symptomatic knee OA patient has clinical effusion. Results may be over-generalized since it is unclear if effused knees represent a unique pathological condition or subset compared to knees without effusion. The ...
Odumenya Michelle - - 2011
Severe arthritis of the knee is a disabling condition, with over 50,000 knee replacements performed each year in the UK. Isolated patellofemoral joint arthritis occurs in over 10% of these patients with the treatment options being patellofemoral arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty. Whilst many surgeons believe total knee arthroplasty is ...
Iorio Alfonso - - 2011
The hallmark of severe hemophilia is recurrent bleeding into joints and soft tissues with progressive joint damage, notwithstanding on-demand treatment. Prophylaxis has long been used but not universally adopted because of medical, psychosocial, and cost controversies. To determine the effectiveness of clotting factor concentrate prophylaxis in the management of people ...
Wang Yuanyuan - - 2011
Although viscosupplementation is an effective symptomatic treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA), the effect of longer term administration on articular cartilage has not been fully explored. We examined the effect of viscosupplementation with Hylan G-F 20 on knee cartilage over 2 years in patients with knee OA. In this prospective, single-blind, ...
Ateschrang Atesch - - 2011
The established treatment for bacterial arthritis of the knee joint is arthroscopic surgery with irrigation and debridement. The aim of this article is to summarize the relevant data in treating bacterial arthritis of the knee joint, and based on these findings to present a novel irrigation suction system, tested in ...
Berger Michael J - - 2011
Maximal isometric quadriceps strength deficits have been widely reported in studies of knee osteoarthritis (OA), however little is known about the effect of osteoarthritis knee pain on submaximal quadriceps neuromuscular function. The purpose of this study was to measure vastus medialis motor unit (MU) properties in participants with knee OA, ...
Lièvre Michel M - - 2011
Most guidelines recommend a systematic screening of asymptomatic high risk patients with diabetes for silent ischemia, but the clinical benefit of this strategy has not been demonstrated compared with the simple control of cardiovascular risk factors. We sought to determine whether referring asymptomatic diabetic patients for screening of silent ischemia ...
Ellis Michael D MD Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2011
Early recovery after stroke is significant for slow emergence of volitional movement. Initial movements are constrained by stereotypical co-activation of muscle groups such as shoulder abductors and distal limb flexors resulting in the loss of independent joint control. The objective of this study was to utilize new quantitative methods to ...
Bonfig W W Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Technische Universität München, München, Germany. - - 2011
Mild forms of simple virilizing congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) may be missed in newborn screening. In the pre-newborn-screening era, missed diagnosis of simple virilizing CAH was not infrequent in boys. Elevated adrenal androgens lead to accelerated growth and bone maturation. Traditional treatment of CAH consists of the suppression of ACTH ...
Marcelissen Tom - - 2011
We evaluated whether there is a difference in long-term outcomes between patients screened with percutaneous nerve evaluation and a first stage tined lead procedure. We also evaluated the outcome in patients who only responded to screening with the tined lead procedure after failed initial percutaneous nerve evaluation. We evaluated all ...
Meredith Ian - - 2011
To present data from the cohort of patients in the all-comers Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) registry (E-Five) who underwent 2-year follow-up. The Endeavor ZES has been shown to be safe and efficacious for treatment of single, de novo lesions in patients with stable coronary artery disease. E-Five evaluated the ZES ...
Hong Soon Jun - - 2010
Three-year follow-up of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) (death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization) and the predictors of MACEs in diabetic patients after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) or paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) implantation have not been reported. Diabetic patients with de novo coronary lesions (169 patients with 190 lesions) were randomly ...
Novack Victor - - 2010
The optimal management of coronary lesions involving side branches is not known. New devices are being developed for dedicated bifurcation stenting or improved side branch access or protection. Several of these devices are bare-metal stent (BMS) platforms. The risk of side branch compromise and outcome after standard BMS is not ...
Qarawani Dahud - - 2010
Coronary bypass surgery is recommended for the treatment of left main coronary stenosis. Recently a percutaneous approach has been described as a feasible option. To present the in-hospital and long-term clinical and angiographic outcome of a consecutive group of patients undergoing stenting for unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease, ...
Fefer Paul - - 2010
To assess whether visible angiographic complication is related to outcome in patients with elevated creatine phosphokinase (CK-MB) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Elevated biomarkers following PCI are associated with increased incidence of adverse events but the absolute risk of such events is low. A more specific marker of risk is ...
Ding Xinhua - - 2010
To compare the functioning profiles of patients receiving different types of organ transplants using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The patients (n =102) were enrolled between days 5 and 10 after discharge following receipt of an organ transplant,and assessed for sociodemographic variables, the Functional Independence Measure and ...
Shirasawa Kuniyuki - - 2011
Elderly populations are increasingly represented among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and advanced age has been identified as an important risk factor for death and adverse outcome in patients with ACS treated invasively. Although considerable data have demonstrated a prognostic benefit of early revascularization in ACS particularly in high-risk ...
Sambu Nalyaka - - 2011
Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel is routinely indicated in patients with acute coronary syndromes and following percutaneous coronary intervention to reduce the risk of cardiovascular mortality and ischaemic events. Although clinical guidelines recommend aspirin lifelong and clopidogrel for between one and 12 months, depending upon the indication, the ...
De Potter Tom J R - - 2011
Aims Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis (PVS) is a complication of radiofrequency PV isolation (PVI). Reported restenosis rates after balloon dilatation and bare-metal stent implantation are high. Drug-eluting stent implantation (DES) has not been reported in the setting of PVS. Methods and results Patients suspected of having PVS after PVI based ...
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