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Results 451 - 500 of 1831
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Dimitris Craig N - - 2011
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has a well-established track record for relieving pain associated with arthritis of the knee joint. The total rate of bilateral TKA has doubled over the past 2 decades, and the rate in women has tripled over that same time period. In patients with bilateral knee arthritis, ...
Mahto Raja Ram - - 2011
The present study was aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness of Rasona Rasnadi Ghanavati and Simhanada Guggulu along with Rasona Rasnadi Lepa in Amavata, and to compare the effect of these two therapies in the treatment. Total 101 patients of Amavata were registered for the present study and were randomly ...
Cubick Erin E - - 2011
Myofascial release (MFR) is a manual therapeutic technique used to release fascial restrictions, which may cause neuromusculoskeletal and systemic pathology. This case report describes the use of sustained release MFR techniques in a patient with a primary diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and a secondary diagnosis of collagenous colitis. Changes ...
Endres S - - 2011
Because of demographic changes, ever greater demands are made of knee replacement systems by patients and surgeons. To meet these demands, knee joint systems with increased flexion are currently being marketed. The main hypothesis of the present study was to evaluate the functional outcome of a high flexion TKA in ...
Edmondson Mark C - - 2011
In our experience results of the Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement have not been as good as had been expected. A common post operative complaint is of persistent medial knee discomfort, it is not clear why this phenomenon occurs and we have attempted to address this in our study. 48 patients ...
Pagenstert Geert - - 2011
Simultaneous osteoarthritis (OA) of the ankle joint complicates primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In such cases, rehabilitation of TKA is limited by debilitating ankle pain, but varus or valgus ankle arthritis may even compromise placement of knee prosthetic components. We present a patient with simultaneous bilateral valgus and patellofemoral OA ...
Amirtharajah Mohana - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the one-year clinical, radiologic and patient-reported results of surface-replacing proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty (SR-PIP) of the hand. Fifteen patients with 18 joints underwent the procedure, and nine patients with 11 joints had follow-up of at least one year's duration. Of these joints, ...
Mokbel Abir N - - 2011
This work aimed to study the homing evidence and the reparative effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the healing process of induced osteoarthritis in experimental animal model (donkeys). Twenty-seven donkeys were equally divided into 3 groups based on the observation period after induction of arthritis (3, 6 and 9 ...
Cattano Nicole M - - 2011
Several symptom-relieving interventions have been shown to be efficacious among osteoarthritis (OA) patients with knee effusion; however, not every symptomatic knee OA patient has clinical effusion. Results may be over-generalized since it is unclear if effused knees represent a unique pathological condition or subset compared to knees without effusion. The ...
Odumenya Michelle - - 2011
Severe arthritis of the knee is a disabling condition, with over 50,000 knee replacements performed each year in the UK. Isolated patellofemoral joint arthritis occurs in over 10% of these patients with the treatment options being patellofemoral arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty. Whilst many surgeons believe total knee arthroplasty is ...
Iorio Alfonso - - 2011
The hallmark of severe hemophilia is recurrent bleeding into joints and soft tissues with progressive joint damage, notwithstanding on-demand treatment. Prophylaxis has long been used but not universally adopted because of medical, psychosocial, and cost controversies. To determine the effectiveness of clotting factor concentrate prophylaxis in the management of people ...
Wang Yuanyuan - - 2011
Although viscosupplementation is an effective symptomatic treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA), the effect of longer term administration on articular cartilage has not been fully explored. We examined the effect of viscosupplementation with Hylan G-F 20 on knee cartilage over 2 years in patients with knee OA. In this prospective, single-blind, ...
Ateschrang Atesch - - 2011
The established treatment for bacterial arthritis of the knee joint is arthroscopic surgery with irrigation and debridement. The aim of this article is to summarize the relevant data in treating bacterial arthritis of the knee joint, and based on these findings to present a novel irrigation suction system, tested in ...
Berger Michael J - - 2011
Maximal isometric quadriceps strength deficits have been widely reported in studies of knee osteoarthritis (OA), however little is known about the effect of osteoarthritis knee pain on submaximal quadriceps neuromuscular function. The purpose of this study was to measure vastus medialis motor unit (MU) properties in participants with knee OA, ...
Lièvre Michel M - - 2011
Most guidelines recommend a systematic screening of asymptomatic high risk patients with diabetes for silent ischemia, but the clinical benefit of this strategy has not been demonstrated compared with the simple control of cardiovascular risk factors. We sought to determine whether referring asymptomatic diabetic patients for screening of silent ischemia ...
Ellis Michael D MD Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2011
Early recovery after stroke is significant for slow emergence of volitional movement. Initial movements are constrained by stereotypical co-activation of muscle groups such as shoulder abductors and distal limb flexors resulting in the loss of independent joint control. The objective of this study was to utilize new quantitative methods to ...
Bonfig W W Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Technische Universität München, München, Germany. - - 2011
Mild forms of simple virilizing congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) may be missed in newborn screening. In the pre-newborn-screening era, missed diagnosis of simple virilizing CAH was not infrequent in boys. Elevated adrenal androgens lead to accelerated growth and bone maturation. Traditional treatment of CAH consists of the suppression of ACTH ...
Marcelissen Tom - - 2011
We evaluated whether there is a difference in long-term outcomes between patients screened with percutaneous nerve evaluation and a first stage tined lead procedure. We also evaluated the outcome in patients who only responded to screening with the tined lead procedure after failed initial percutaneous nerve evaluation. We evaluated all ...
Meredith Ian - - 2011
To present data from the cohort of patients in the all-comers Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) registry (E-Five) who underwent 2-year follow-up. The Endeavor ZES has been shown to be safe and efficacious for treatment of single, de novo lesions in patients with stable coronary artery disease. E-Five evaluated the ZES ...
Hong Soon Jun - - 2010
Three-year follow-up of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) (death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization) and the predictors of MACEs in diabetic patients after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) or paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) implantation have not been reported. Diabetic patients with de novo coronary lesions (169 patients with 190 lesions) were randomly ...
Novack Victor - - 2010
The optimal management of coronary lesions involving side branches is not known. New devices are being developed for dedicated bifurcation stenting or improved side branch access or protection. Several of these devices are bare-metal stent (BMS) platforms. The risk of side branch compromise and outcome after standard BMS is not ...
Qarawani Dahud - - 2010
Coronary bypass surgery is recommended for the treatment of left main coronary stenosis. Recently a percutaneous approach has been described as a feasible option. To present the in-hospital and long-term clinical and angiographic outcome of a consecutive group of patients undergoing stenting for unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease, ...
Fefer Paul - - 2010
To assess whether visible angiographic complication is related to outcome in patients with elevated creatine phosphokinase (CK-MB) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Elevated biomarkers following PCI are associated with increased incidence of adverse events but the absolute risk of such events is low. A more specific marker of risk is ...
Ding Xinhua - - 2010
To compare the functioning profiles of patients receiving different types of organ transplants using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The patients (n =102) were enrolled between days 5 and 10 after discharge following receipt of an organ transplant,and assessed for sociodemographic variables, the Functional Independence Measure and ...
Shirasawa Kuniyuki - - 2011
Elderly populations are increasingly represented among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and advanced age has been identified as an important risk factor for death and adverse outcome in patients with ACS treated invasively. Although considerable data have demonstrated a prognostic benefit of early revascularization in ACS particularly in high-risk ...
Sambu Nalyaka - - 2011
Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel is routinely indicated in patients with acute coronary syndromes and following percutaneous coronary intervention to reduce the risk of cardiovascular mortality and ischaemic events. Although clinical guidelines recommend aspirin lifelong and clopidogrel for between one and 12 months, depending upon the indication, the ...
De Potter Tom J R - - 2011
Aims Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis (PVS) is a complication of radiofrequency PV isolation (PVI). Reported restenosis rates after balloon dilatation and bare-metal stent implantation are high. Drug-eluting stent implantation (DES) has not been reported in the setting of PVS. Methods and results Patients suspected of having PVS after PVI based ...
Garg Pallav - - 2010
Whether drug-eluting stents are effective and safe in patients with moderate renal insufficiency (RI) is unknown. We performed a pooled analysis of data from 3 blinded randomized trials of sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) versus bare metal stents (BMSs; SIRIUS, C-SIRIUS, E-SIRIUS) that included 1,510 patients. Clinical and angiographic outcomes were stratified ...
Abizaid Alexander - - 2010
We prospectively evaluated a novel nano-synthesized, membrane-covered self-expanding super-elastic all-metal endoprosthesis stent (SESAME Stent) in patients undergoing percutaneous intervention (PCI) of degenerated saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions. SESAME investigators prospectively enrolled 20 patients/21 lesions at 2 outside United States (OUS) centers, between February 2005 and August 2005. Patients underwent elective ...
Falsoleiman Homa - - 2011
In this study we aimed to assess the changes in pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) after the placement of either a drug-eluting-stent (DES) or bare-metal-stent (BMS) in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with either BMS or DES were undertaken for 152 patients (82 in the BMS and ...
Sevcikova Lucia - - 2011
The aim of this trial was to compare the effect of long-term supplementation of goats with different forms of selenium on body reserves of selenium in their kids at the time of weaning. Thirty-three pregnant goats were divided into five groups. Group C was control while the other four groups ...
Hakeem Abdul - - 2010
Background: Saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions remain amongst the most challenging lesions for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). It is unknown whether drug eluting stents (DES) are superior to bare metal stents (BMS) for such lesions. Our objective is to determine the safety and efficacy of DES compared with BMS for ...
Onuma Yoshinobu - - 2010
Little is known about the impact of treatment with drug-eluting stents (DES) on calcified coronary lesions. This analysis sought to assess the safety and efficacy of the XIENCE V everolimus-eluting stent (EES) in patients with calcified or noncalcified culprit lesions. The study population consisted of 212 patients with 247 lesions, ...
Fajadet Jean - - 2010
We report here the final 5-year follow-up results from the ENDEAVOR II trial, which was the first randomised trial evaluating the Endeavor(tm) zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) compared with a bare metal stent (BMS) in patients with single, de novo coronary artery lesions. Eligible patients were randomised 1:1 to receive ZES or ...
Sørensen Lars Lindholm - - 2010
Danish health authorities have major concerns with regard to the risk and the quality of care of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without onsite cardiac surgery. We report the results of the first Danish PCI centre without onsite cardiac surgery. A total of 245 patients underwent 254 elective PCIs during a ...
Kim Byeong-Keuk - - 2010
Previous studies suggested that asymmetric stent expansion did not affect suppression of neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) after sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) implantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of stent eccentricity (SE) on NIH between SES versus paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) using an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis from the ...
Applegate Robert R Wake Forrest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. - - 2010
To evaluate whether an everolimus-eluting stent (EES) with thinner stent struts and polymer results in less periprocedural myonecrosis and adverse outcomes. Higher periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) rates have been reported with the TAXUS® EXPRESS(2) paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) compared to the bare metal EXPRESS(2)® stent due to more frequent side branch ...
Liu Yong - - 2011
Late stent thrombosis (LST) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is a major clinical problem that has not been fully explained. Incomplete neointimal coverage of stent struts is an important morphometric predictor of LST, which may be associated with impaired healing and the absence of full coverage of struts at branch-point ...
Miyai Nobuyuki - - 2011
Though restenosis after drug-eluting stent implantation is still observed, the factors affecting post-Sirolimus-eluting stent restenosis (re-restenosis) have not been fully determined. We evaluated the long-term angiographic outcomes and examined background factors affecting re-restenosis. We enrolled 51 patients with 68 Sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) restenosis lesions who underwent target lesion revascularization (TLR) ...
Kim Tae-Hoon - - 2011
Many studies have demonstrated that late or very late thrombosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation may be related with incomplete neointimal coverage. We investigated long-term (≥2 years) results of neointimal coverage following sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT). A follow-up angiography with OCT examination ...
Jaffery Zehra - - 2010
In critical limb ischemia (CLI), an underlying principle of treatment is that it takes more oxygenated blood to heal a wound than to maintain tissue integrity. Urgent restoration of perfusion to the ischemic territory, not long-term patency of the target vessel, is the primary treatment goal. However, in patients with ...
Dimopoulos Konstantinos - - 2012
Early angioplasty after thrombolysis is now recommended for ST-elevation myocardial infarction, but the current guidelines propose a wide time-window ranging between 3 and 24h after lytic administration. To identify the optimal timing for PCI after thrombolysis, we analyzed frequency and time course of the adverse events in patients randomized in ...
Derkacz Arkadiusz - - 2010
Despite the several years of studies, no factor that could reduce the restenosis rate without significant limitations has been introduced. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of low-power 808-nm laser illumination of coronary vessels after percutaneous angioplasty in preventing restenosis. The procedure of laser intravascular ...
Park Sang Min - - 2011
The aims of this study were to identify the efficacy of optimal stent expansion (OSE) according to the Multicenter Ultrasound Stenting in Coronaries Study (MUSIC Study) criteria in drug-eluting stent (DES) and compare paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) to sirolimus-eluting stent (SES). Although poststent high-pressure balloon dilatation is proposed after bare metal ...
Hahn Joo-Yong - - 2010
The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy remains controversial. Between December 2006 and March 2008, 823 patients were enrolled in a prospective multicenter registry for 3-month dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin 100-200mg+clopidogrel 75 mg daily) followed by aspirin mono-therapy after zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES). Major exclusion criteria were: cardiogenic shock, stent thrombosis ...
Blich Miry - - 2010
Traditionally, stent thrombosis (STH) has been regarded as a complication of percutaneous coronary interventions during the first 30 post-procedural days. However, delayed endothelialization associated with the implantation of drug-eluting stents (DES) may extend the risk of thrombosis beyond 30 days. Data are limited regarding the risks and the impact of ...
Lopez John J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the early drug-eluting stent (DES) era, characterized by widespread device use. BACKGROUND: Contemporary clinical practice incorporating more selective DES use can only be assessed by understanding the early DES era. METHODS: All patients receiving DES during the first 3 waves of the Evaluation of Drug ...
Feldman Dmitriy N - - 2010
This study sought to investigate if the efficacy of bivalirudin monotherapy is similar to heparin plus GP IIb/IIIa inhibition in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) treated with clopidogrel following diagnostic angiography. Prior trials have demonstrated that peri-procedural bivalirudin therapy confers similar efficacy as heparin plus GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors, while ...
van Haaften Anne C - - 2010
To critically evaluate published evidence on therapeutic options for in-stent restenosis (ISR) after carotid artery stent (CAS) placement, a systematic analysis of studies reporting interventions for ISR after CAS placement was conducted. In total 20 studies were found, describing 100 interventions after carotid ISR in 96 patients. The interventions most ...
Cheng Jin M - - 2010
Although octogenarians are increasingly referred for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), data are lacking on long-term safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stents in this high-risk subpopulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate 5-year clinical outcome of octogenarians who underwent PCI using sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) or paclitaxel-eluting stents (PESs) compared ...
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